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Folder 5 Deignan, Herbert Girton, 1936-1937, 1939, 1943-1948, 1961-1968, and undated. Deignan, an authority on the birds of Southeast Asia, was on the staff of the Division of Birds, USNM, from 1938 to 1961. The correspondence concerns his participatio...

Collection Creator::
Wetmore, Alexander, 1886-1978  Search this
Container:
Box 15 of 253
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7006, Alexander Wetmore Papers
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Alexander Wetmore Papers
Alexander Wetmore Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1901-1977, and undated, with Related Materials from 1879. / Box 15
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7006-refidd1e2755

Folder 1 Mos-Moz, general. Correspondents include R. Allyn Moser, 1946-1951, mostly concerning AOU business; Alan Mozley, 1931-1936, concerning his work on the mollusks of Siberia as recipient of the Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship.

Collection Creator::
Wetmore, Alexander, 1886-1978  Search this
Container:
Box 44 of 253
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7006, Alexander Wetmore Papers
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Alexander Wetmore Papers
Alexander Wetmore Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1901-1977, and undated, with Related Materials from 1879. / Box 44
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7006-refidd1e5822

Folder 7 Smith, Hobart Muir, 1940-1946, 1950, 1962-1963, and undated. Includes correspondence documenting Smith's field work investigating Mexican reptiles and amphibians as the recipient of the Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship, 1940-1941.

Collection Creator::
Wetmore, Alexander, 1886-1978  Search this
Container:
Box 62 of 253
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7006, Alexander Wetmore Papers
See more items in:
Alexander Wetmore Papers
Alexander Wetmore Papers / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1901-1977, and undated, with Related Materials from 1879. / Box 62
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7006-refidd1e7538

Richard E. Blackwelder Oral History Interview

Creator::
Blackwelder, Richard E., interviewee  Search this
Extent:
2 audiotapes (Reference copies).
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Transcripts
Date:
1978
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives' record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program staff conduct interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. There are also interviews conducted by researchers or student on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

Blackwelder was interviewed for the Oral History Collection to document his career in entomology and his role in the founding of the Society of Systematic Zoology.
Descriptive Entry:
Blackwelder was interviewed by Pamela M. Henson on January 17, 1978. The interview covers Blackwelder's education; field work in the West Indies; his career with the USDA, American Museum of Natural History, USNM, St. John Fisher College, and Southern Illinois University; his research interests; the SSZ; and his colleagues. The interview focuses on his years in the Division of Insects, USNM, his curatorial duties, research on Staphylinidae, his colleagues, relations with the USDA staff, and USNM administration. Blackwelder discusses the founding of the SSZ, his role in its development, and relations between the SSZ and the American Association for the Advancement of Science and other zoological societies. Blackwelder reminisces extensively about his friend and colleague, Waldo LaSalle Schmitt, Head Curator of Biology in the USNM and a founder of the SSZ.
Historical Note:
Richard Eliot Blackwelder (1909-2001), received the B.A. (1931) and Ph.D. (1934) in zoology from Stanford University. From 1935 to 1938, he conducted entomological field work in the West Indies with the Smithsonian's Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship. He then worked briefly for the White-Fringed Beetle Identification Unit, Bureau of Entomology, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) before accepting an Assistant Curatorship in Entomology at the American Museum of Natural History in 1938.

In 1940 Blackwelder joined the staff of the United States National Museum (USNM) as an Assistant Curator in the Division of Insects and in 1942 advanced to Associate Curator. His research specialty was the morphology, classification, and nomenclature of the family Staphylinidae. During World War II, Blackwelder worked in electronics research and development while on leave from the museum. After the war he returned to the Division of Insects and was active in the development of the Society of Systematic Zoology (SSZ), as Secretary-Treasurer from 1949 to 1960, President in 1961, and Editor of its journal, Systematic Zoology.

In 1954 Blackwelder left the USNM and pursued his broader research interests in the principles of zoology. From 1956 to 1958 he was an Associate Professor at St. John Fisher College, and from 1965 until his retirement in 1977 was Professor of Zoology at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.
Topic:
Entomology  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Biology -- Classification  Search this
Records of meetings, organizations, and professional societies  Search this
Museum curators -- Interviews  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes
Transcripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9517, Richard E. Blackwelder Oral History Interview
Identifier:
Record Unit 9517
See more items in:
Richard E. Blackwelder Oral History Interview
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9517

Waldo L. Schmitt Papers

Creator::
Schmitt, Waldo L. (Waldo Lasalle), 1887-1977.  Search this
Extent:
79.56 cu. ft. (6 record storage boxes) (121 document boxes) (2 half document boxes) (4 12x17 boxes) (60 3x5 boxes) (3 5x8 boxes) (2 film boxes) (oversize material)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Audiotapes
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Lantern slides
Color transparencies
Date:
1907-1978
Descriptive Entry:
The papers of Waldo LaSalle Schmitt provide comprehensive documentation of his professional career, 1907-1977. They also illustrate, to a lesser degree, his personal life. Particularly well represented in the papers is material concerning Schmitt's carcinological research, his curatorial and administrative careers at the United States National Museum (USNM), his career as a field worker and scientific expedition member, and his activities in scientific societies and professional organizations.

Schmitt was a prolific letter writer and a large part of his papers consists of correspondence written and received between 1907 and 1977. The correspondence reflects all aspects of Schmitt's career, particularly expeditions and field work, the evolution of his duties at the USNM, carcinological research, and relations with the scientific community. Also included are many letters with friends and family members concerning personal matters.

Records relating to Schmitt's activities in scientific societies, professional organizations, and social groups are found in his organizational files. They also include files kept by Schmitt on government agencies, museums, colleges and universities, and research foundations. Included are records documenting Schmitt's tenure as President of the Washington Academy of Sciences, his duties as a trustee of the Bear's Bluff Laboratories and the International Oceanographic Foundation, his application for the position of Director of the California Academy of Sciences, his academic careers at George Washington University and the University of California, and his career as an instructor at George Washington University.

Other records relating to Schmitt's service in professional organizations exist in separate series. These include files concerning his work on the editorial board for biological manuscripts for the American Geophysical Union's Antarctic Research Series, records regarding his service on the National Academy of Sciences' Committee on Polar Research, and files reflecting his activities as a member of the Explorers Club and the Society of Systematic Zoology (SSZ). The SSZ files are of particular interest since they provide information concerning the founding and early history of the Society and include records maintained by Schmitt during his tenure as the organization's first President.

Schmitt's fifty-two-year career as a field worker and scientific expedition member is extensively illustrated in the expedition files. The records include diaries, field notes, station data, correspondence, manuscripts, reprints, publications, reports, newspaper clippings, financial records, photographs, notes, maps, and memorabilia collected by Schmitt. Records concerning his underwater photography field work with Harry Pederson are contained in a separate series.

Aside from his correspondence, Schmitt's personal activities and outside interests are best illustrated by records concerning his ideas and plans for easing traffic problems in Washington, D.C. Included is correspondence, newspaper articles by Schmitt, and hearing statements that outline his plans for a commuter railroad.

The papers include a large group of photographs, slides, movies, lantern slides, and tape recordings made and collected by Schmitt. Included are photographs of Schmitt, scientific colleagues, and Smithsonian and USNM associates; early underwater photographs taken by William Harding Longley at Tortugas, Florida; slides, movies, lantern slides, and tape recordings made on expeditions; and a tape recording of the "Remembrance to Waldo LaSalle Schmitt" held at the National Museum of Natural History in 1978.

The papers also include diaries and notebooks mostly concerning USNM business, but also containing entries made on expeditions; records dealing with the republication of Schmitt's book Crustaceans; files on his research project "The American Commensal Crabs of the Family Pinnotheridae"; manuscripts, speeches, and publications of Schmitt; biographical materials, compiled by Schmitt on his mentor, Mary Jane Rathbun; records, collected by Schmitt, on Robert A. Bartlett and the Bartlett Arctic Expeditions; a transcript of an oral history interview of Schmitt; and awards, diplomas, and citations received by Schmitt.

Additional material in the Smithsonian Archives that relates to Schmitt can be found in the records of the Division of Marine Invertebrates, United States National Museum (Record Units 233 and 235) and its successor, the Division of Crustacea, National Museum of Natural History (Record Unit 307), and the records of the Departments of Biology and Zoology, United States National Museum (Record Units 143, 242, and 243).
Historical Note:
Waldo LaSalle Schmitt (1887-1977) was born in Washington, D.C. He developed an early interest in natural history, studying the flora and fauna of the District of Columbia and nearby Maryland. He received the B.S. degree from George Washington University in 1913; the M.A. degree from the University of California in 1916; and his Ph.D. from George Washington University in 1922. In 1948, he received an honorary Doctor of Science degree from the University of Southern California.

Schmitt began his career in government service in 1907 as an Aide in Economic Botany for the U.S. Department of Agriculture. He served in that position until 1910 when he was appointed Scientific Aide in the Division of Marine Invertebrates of the United States National Museum (USNM). At USNM, he became acquainted with Mary Jane Rathbun and began to develop his interest in the study of crustacea. From 1911 to 1914, Schmitt served on the staff of the United States Bureau of Fisheries as Scientific Assistant and Naturalist aboard the Albatross during its cruises along the west coast of America and Alaska. Crustacean collections surveys made on the Albatross provided the material for Schmitt's M.A. thesis, "The Marine Decapod Crustacea of California." In 1915, Schmitt returned to the United States National Museum as Assistant Curator in the Division of Marine Invertebrates. From 1915 to 1920, he also served as part-time instructor of Zoology at George Washington University. In 1920, Schmitt was named Curator of the Division of Marine Invertebrates and remained in that capacity until 1943 when he was appointed Head Curator of the Department of Biology. The Department of Biology was split into the Departments of Zoology and Botany in 1947, with Schmitt as Head Curator of Zoology. Upon his retirement in 1957, Schmitt was named Honorary Research Associate and continued his association with the Smithsonian Institution until his death on 5 August 1977.

Schmitt participated in numerous biological expeditions and field trips during his career. Under the auspices of the United States Bureau of Fisheries, he spent the summer of 1918 studying the life history of the spiny lobster at the Scripps Institution, La Jolla, California. During the summers of 1924 and 1925, Schmitt was at the Carnegie Institution's Marine Laboratory at Tortugas, Florida, surveying the crustacean fauna of the area, identifying crustaceans found in the stomachs of fishes, and taking underwater photographs. He also participated in field work at Tortugas during the summers of 1930, 1931, and 1932. In 1925, Schmitt was awarded the Smithsonian's Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship "for the study of the fauna of countries other than the United States." The scholarship enabled him to collect marine invertebrates along the east coast of South America from August to December, 1925, and on the west coast from August 1926 to May 1927.

During the years 1933 to 1935, Schmitt was a member of three expeditions to the Galapagos Islands sponsored by G. Allan Hancock of Los Angeles, California. While on these trips, Schmitt became acquainted with a group of utopian colonists on Florena Island in the Galapagos, who attracted considerable attention in the world press by their intrigues and mysterious behavior. As a guest of G. Huntington Hartford, he explored and collected in the West Indies on the Smithsonian-Hartford West Indies Expedition of 1937. In 1938, Schmitt was chosen by the White House to accompany President Franklin D. Roosevelt as Naturalist on the Presidential Cruise to Clipperton, Cocos, and the Galapagos Islands. In 1939, Schmitt was a member of the Hancock South America Expedition and he served as the Biologist in charge of field operations on the first United States Fish and Wildlife Service Alaska King Crab Investigation in 1940. During 1941 and 1942, Schmitt spent time on special detail with the United States Navy investigating the possibility of establishing a biological station in the Galapagos Islands. In 1943, he visited South America, under the auspices of the State Department, for the purpose of strengthening relations between United States and Latin American scientists.

In 1955, the Smithsonian Institution began an association with J. Bruce Bredin of Wilmington, Delaware, that produced several scientific expeditions. In that year, Schmitt headed the Smithsonian-Bredin Belgian Congo Expedition. From 1956 to 1960, Schmitt led Bredin sponsored expeditions to the Caribbean (1956, 1958, 1959), the Society Islands (1957), and the Yucatan (1960). Sponsored by a grant from the Office of Naval Research, Schmitt spent the summers of 1961 and 1962 with Harry Pederson photographing the coral reef fauna of the Bahama Islands. Schmitt's last expedition was in 1962-1963, when he served as a member of the Palmer Peninsula (Antarctica) Survey of the United States Antarctic Research Program. During the survey, Schmitt collected over 29,000 specimens, which were added to the collections of the National Museum of Natural History. In recognition of his contributions to the United States Antarctic Research Program, the Board of Geographic Names designated a 30 mile ice-covered series of outcrops at the base of the Antarctic Peninsula, Schmitt Mesa.

Schmitt's primary field of zoological investigation was carcinology, with special emphasis on the decapod crustaceans (the order that includes crabs, lobsters, and shrimp). His bibliography consists of more than seventy titles. A member of numerous professional organizations, Schmitt was active in the founding of the Society of Systematic Zoology and served as president in 1948. He was also president of the Washington Academy of Sciences in 1947. Schmitt was a trustee of the Bear's Bluff Laboratories, the International Oceanographic Foundation, and the Serological Museum of Rutgers University.

For additional biographical information on Waldo LaSalle Schmitt, see Richard E. Blackwelder, The Zest for Life, or Waldo Had a Pretty Good Run: The Life of Waldo LaSalle Schmitt (Lawrence, Kansas: The Allen Press, Inc., 1979); Fenner A. Chace, Jr., "Waldo LaSalle Schmitt, 25 June 1887 - 5 August 1977," Crustaceana, 1978, vol. 34, pt. 1, pp. 83-90; and John Sherwood, "Uncle Waldo Still Hears the Call of Crustaceans," The Washington Star, January 11, 1977.
Chronology:
June 25, 1887 -- Born in Washington, D.C.

1907-1910 -- Aide in Economic Botany, United States Department of Agriculture

1910 -- Scientific Aide, Division of Marine Invertebrates, United States National Museum (February-September)

1911 -- Scientific Assistant, Bureau of Fisheries Expedition to Lower California aboard the Albatross (February-May)

1911 -- Scientific Assistant, Bureau of Fisheries Chignik (Alaska) Biological Survey aboard the Albatross and the Star of Alaska (May-September)

1912-1914 -- Scientific Assistant, Bureau of Fisheries Survey of San Francisco Bay aboard the Albatross (various trips)

1913 -- Bachelor of Science, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.

1914 -- Naturalist in charge of biological activities, Bureau of Fisheries Halibut Survey of Washington and Oregon aboard the Albatross (April-May, August-September)

1914 -- Assistant, Bureau of Fisheries Olympia Oyster Beds Survey (June-August)

1914 -- Married Alvina Stumm (November 19)

1915-1920 -- Assistant Curator, Division of Marine Invertebrates, USNM

1915-1920 -- Instructor in Zoology, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.

1916 -- Master of Arts, University of California, Berkeley

1918 -- Bureau of Fisheries Spiny Lobster Investigations aboard the Albacore out of La Jolla, California (June-August)

1920-1943 -- Curator, Division of Marine Invertebrates, USNM

1921 -- The Marine Decapod Crustacea of California..., University of California Publications in Zoology, volume 23

1922 -- Ph.D., George Washington University, Washington, D.C.

1924 -- Field work at Carnegie Marine Laboratory, Dry Tortugas, Florida (summer)

1925 -- Field work at Carnegie Marine Laboratory, Dry Tortugas, Florida (summer)

1925 -- Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship Expedition to the East Coast of South America (August-December)

1926-1927 -- Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship Expedition to the West Coast of South America, including the Falkland Islands, Deception Island, and Juan Fernandez Islands (August 1926-May 1927)

1930 -- Field work at Carnegie Marine Laboratory, Dry Tortugas, Florida (summer)

1931 -- Crustaceans. Smithsonian Scientific Series, volume 10

1931 -- Field work at Carnegie Marine Laboratory, Dry Tortugas, Florida (summer)

1932 -- Field work at Carnegie Marine Laboratory, Dry Tortugas, Florida (summer)

1933 -- Hancock Pacific-Galapagos Expedition I aboard the Velero III (January-March)

1933-1934 -- Hancock Pacific-Galapagos Expedition II aboard the Velero III (December 1933-March 1934)

1934-1935 -- Hancock Pacific-Galapagos Expedition III aboard the Velero III (November 1934-February 1935)

1937 -- Smithsonian-Hartford West Indies Expedition aboard the Joseph Conrad (March-May)

1938 -- Presidential Cruise to the Galapagos aboard the U.S.S. Houston (July-August)

1939 -- Hancock South America Expedition aboard the Velero III (March-May)

1940 -- Biologist in charge of field operations, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Alaska King Crab Investigation (August-December)

1941 -- United States Navy Trip to the Galapagos (April)

1942 -- United States Navy Trip to the Galapagos (June-July)

1943 -- United States Department of State Trip to South America (April-June)

1943-1947 -- Head Curator, Department of Biology, USNM

1947 -- President, Washington Academy of Sciences

1947-1957 -- Head Curator, Department of Zoology, USNM

1948 -- Honorary Doctor of Science, University of Southern California

1948 -- Society of Systematic Zoology formed with Schmitt as first President

1954 -- Applied Systematics. Smithsonian Report for 1953

1955 -- Smithsonian-Bredin Belgian Congo Expedition (March-June)

1956 -- Smithsonian-Bredin Caribbean Expedition I (March-April)

1957 -- Smithsonian-Bredin Society Islands Expedition (April-May)

1957 -- Retirement from USNM

1957-1977 -- Research Associate, Department of Invertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History

1958 -- Smithsonian-Bredin Caribbean Expedition II (March-May)

1959 -- Smithsonian-Bredin Caribbean Expedition III (March-May)

1960 -- Smithsonian-Bredin Yucatan Expedition (March-May)

1961-1962 -- Underwater photography field work with Harry Pederson in the Bahamas

1962-1963 -- Palmer Peninsula Survey, U.S. Antarctic Research Program (November 1962-March 1963)

1965 -- Crustaceans. Republished by University of Michigan Press

1968 -- "Schmitt Mesa" designated in Antarctica by Board of Geographic Names

1976 -- Death of Alvina Schmitt

August 5, 1977 -- Death

1978 -- "Remembrance to Waldo LaSalle Schmitt," memorial meeting at the National Museum of Natural History
Oversize:
This collection contains oversize material.
Topic:
Biography  Search this
Invertebrate zoology  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Invertebrates  Search this
Crustacea  Search this
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Audiotapes
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Lantern slides
Color transparencies
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7231, Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7231
See more items in:
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7231
Online Media:

Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship, 1924-1941

Collection Creator::
Schmitt, Waldo L. (Waldo Lasalle), 1887-1977.  Search this
Container:
Box 53 of 194
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7231, Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
See more items in:
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers / Series 2: Organizational Files, 1913-1977 / Box 53
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7231-refidd1e10784

Untitled

Collection Creator::
Schmitt, Waldo L. (Waldo Lasalle), 1887-1977.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Summary:
Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship Expedition to the East Coast of South America, 1925-1926
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7231, Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
See more items in:
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers / Series 15: Expedition Files, 1911-1963 / Box 76
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7231-refidd1e13629

Untitled

Collection Creator::
Schmitt, Waldo L. (Waldo Lasalle), 1887-1977.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Summary:
Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship Expedition to the West Coast of South America, 1926-1927
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7231, Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
See more items in:
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers / Series 15: Expedition Files, 1911-1963 / Box 78
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7231-refidd1e13762

Untitled

Collection Creator::
Schmitt, Waldo L. (Waldo Lasalle), 1887-1977.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Summary:
Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship Expeditions to the East and West Coasts of South America, 1925-1927
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7231, Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
See more items in:
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers / Series 15: Expedition Files, 1911-1963 / Box 79
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7231-refidd1e13950

Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship, 1925-1927

Collection Creator::
Schmitt, Waldo L. (Waldo Lasalle), 1887-1977.  Search this
Container:
Boxes 156-165 of 194
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7231, Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
See more items in:
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers / Series 17: Photographs, Slides, Movies, Lantern Slides, and Tape Recordings, circa 1924-1978 / Boxes 156-165
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7231-refidd1e21887

Field Journal of the Expedition to the Islands Bordering the Rim of the Caribbean in Quest of Land and Fresh Water Mollusks, Conducted under the Grant of the Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship, 1929 (2 folders)

Collection Creator::
Bartsch, Paul, 1871-1960  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 16-213, Paul Bartsch Papers
See more items in:
Paul Bartsch Papers
Paul Bartsch Papers / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa16-213-refidd1e456

Field Journal of the Expeditions to the Southern Bahamas, the Islands off the South Coast of Cuba and the Cayman Islands, under the Grant of the Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship, 1930

Collection Creator::
Bartsch, Paul, 1871-1960  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 16-213, Paul Bartsch Papers
See more items in:
Paul Bartsch Papers
Paul Bartsch Papers / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa16-213-refidd1e477

Richard E. Blackwelder Field Notebooks

Creator::
Blackwelder, Richard E.  Search this
Extent:
0.5 cu. ft. (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Date:
1935-1938
Descriptive Entry:
This collection consists of two volumes of Blackwelder's field notes concerning his entomological observations and collecting activities in the West Indies.
Historical Note:
Richard Eliot Blackwelder (1909- ) was awarded the Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship of the Smithsonian Institution from 1935 to 1938, following the completion of his doctorate in zoology at Stanford University in 1934. Blackwelder's research during the period he held the scholarship was concerned with a study of the Staphylinid beetles of the West Indies. In this connection, he made a number of field trips to the West Indies from 1935 to 1938.
Topic:
Entomology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7156, Richard E. Blackwelder Field Notebooks
Identifier:
Record Unit 7156
See more items in:
Richard E. Blackwelder Field Notebooks
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7156

Paul Bartsch Papers

Creator:
Bartsch, Paul, 1871-1960  Search this
Extent:
2.6 linear meters and oversize.
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1901-1963
Introduction:
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women’s Committee.
Descriptive Entry:
These papers include a very small amount of general correspondence regarding membership in scientific organizations and actions taken by the Washington Council of Social Agencies (1930); field notes of bird investigations in Haiti, Florida, the Florida Keys, and the West Indies (1912-1927); research notes taken on the Albatross Philippine Expedition (1907-1909); field notes and specimen collections made on the Thomas Barrera expedition to Cuba (1914); field notes, manuscript, maps, supply inventories, financial accounts, correspondence and newspaper clippings regarding the expedition to the West Indies under the Walter Rathbone Bacon Travelling Scholarship (1928-1930); notes, balloon observations, log accounts on board the Caroline, sonic soundings, photographs, blueprints, newspaper clippings and correspondence describing the first Johnson-Smithsonian deep-sea expedition to the West Indies (1933); correspondence, manuscripts and photographs documenting the Bartsch process for the preservation of wood fibers (1914-1929); biographical material regarding Bartsch and Carlos de la Torre; mollusk notes unidentified; speeches; student theses, reports and examinations; photographs of Bartsch, Carlos de la Torre, mollusca, birds, and unidentified research activities and friends on Loggerhead Key, Tortugas, Bird Key, Margarita Island, Cuba, and other islands in the Caribbean; prints for Bartsch's publication on "Pirates of the Deep--Stories of the Squid and Octopus;" newspaper clippings regarding mussels and pearls for the pearl button industry (1907-1909), and Bartsch's activities in conservation (1933).

Correspondents include Charles G. Abbot, Fred Corry Bishopp, William H. Dall, Eldridge R. Fenimore Johnson, William B. Marshall, G. E. Rice, Carlos de la Torre y de la Huerta, Washington Council of Social Agencies, Alexander Wetmore, Francis White.
Historical Note:
Born in Tuntschendorf, Silesia, Paul Bartsch (1871-1960) received an early interest in nature from his father, who was an entrepreneur and amateur naturalist, and an interest in medicine probably from his mother, who had received a degree in obstetrics at the University of Breslau. As a result of a depression in the 1880s, the elder Bartsch went into financial bankruptcy. By utilizing the last savings of Bartsch's mother, the Bartsch family was able to emigrate to the United States, finally settling down in Burlington, Iowa.

Paul Bartsch was at first determined to become an ornithologist, but after talking to Professor Samuel Calvin, geologist at the State University of Iowa, he instead enrolled for course work which included a broad spectrum of the various sciences. Before completing his degree, Bartsch left for Washington, D.C., to accept a position as an aid with William H. Dall, honorary curator of the Division of Mollusks, United States National Museum.

After entering into research on mollusks, Bartsch expanded his activities, pursuing ornithological investigations and teaching biology and zoology to university students. Interested in medicine and the biological training of medical students, Bartsch began teaching histology at the Medical School of Howard University in 1899. This position lasted for thirty-seven years when he became director of the Histological and Physiological Laboratory. In 1900, Bartsch began teaching zoology at George Washington University, becoming professor emeritus in 1945.

Bartsch's work at the United States National Museum, meanwhile, led to his appointment as assistant curator of the Division of Mollusks in 1905, and then curator of that division in 1914. He retired from his duties at the Smithsonian Institution in 1946. Bartsch's work on explorations included positions as the Smithsonian representative on board the Albatross Philippine Expedition (1907-1909) and director of the Thomas Barrera expedition to Cuba (1914); he received the Walter Rathbone Bacon Travelling Scholarship to explore the West Indies (1928-1930) and was director of the first Johnson-Smithsonian deep-sea expedition to the West Indies (1933), all of which are documented to some extent in these papers. In his expedition to the West Indies Bartsch was aided by his friend Carlos de la Torre. This resulted in their collaboration on the publications regarding the Annulariidae of Cuba, the Bahamas, and Hispanola, and the Cyclophoridae of the Americas. Their monograph, "The Terrestrial Mollusks of the Family Urocoptidae in the Island of Cuba," is still unpublished.

This collection contains almost no private correspondence (for official correspondence see Museum of Natural History, Division of Mollusks, Record Unit 73).

Besides receiving his Ph.D. degree from the University of Iowa in 1905, Bartsch was awarded an honorary Doctor of Science degree from George Washington University (1937). He was president of the Wild Flower Preservation Society (1920-1924), president of the Biological Society in Washington, D.C. (1913-1915), and vice-president of the Washington Academy (1913-1915), among other numerous memberships and offices which he held in scientific societies.
Topic:
Invertebrate zoology.  Search this
Ornithology.  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7089, Bartsch, Paul, 1871-1960, Paul Bartsch Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7089
See more items in:
Paul Bartsch Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7089

Untitled

Collection Creator:
Bartsch, Paul, 1871-1960  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Summary:
Expedition to the West Indies under the Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship, 1928-1930.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7089, Bartsch, Paul, 1871-1960, Paul Bartsch Papers
See more items in:
Paul Bartsch Papers
Paul Bartsch Papers / Series 4: RESEARCH EXPEDITION MATERIALS, 1907-1933. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY. / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7089-refd1e323

Folder 6 Field notes of the expedition in quest of land and fresh water mollusks in Cuba under the grant of the Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship, June-August 1928

Collection Creator:
Bartsch, Paul, 1871-1960  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7089, Bartsch, Paul, 1871-1960, Paul Bartsch Papers
See more items in:
Paul Bartsch Papers
Paul Bartsch Papers / Series 4: RESEARCH EXPEDITION MATERIALS, 1907-1933. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY. / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7089-refd1e327

Folder 7 Bartsch, mss., "Field Journal of the Expedition in Quest of Land and Fresh Water Mollusks in Cuba Conducted Under the Grant of the Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship," 1928

Collection Creator:
Bartsch, Paul, 1871-1960  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7089, Bartsch, Paul, 1871-1960, Paul Bartsch Papers
See more items in:
Paul Bartsch Papers
Paul Bartsch Papers / Series 4: RESEARCH EXPEDITION MATERIALS, 1907-1933. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY. / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7089-refd1e333

Folder 8 Field notes, West Indies Expedition, under the Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship, 1928-1930

Collection Creator:
Bartsch, Paul, 1871-1960  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7089, Bartsch, Paul, 1871-1960, Paul Bartsch Papers
See more items in:
Paul Bartsch Papers
Paul Bartsch Papers / Series 4: RESEARCH EXPEDITION MATERIALS, 1907-1933. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY. / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7089-refd1e339

Folder 9 Bartsch, mss., "Field Journal of the Expeditions to the Southern Bahamas, the Islands Off the South Coast of Cuba, and the Cayman Islands, under the Grant of the Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship," 1930

Collection Creator:
Bartsch, Paul, 1871-1960  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7089, Bartsch, Paul, 1871-1960, Paul Bartsch Papers
See more items in:
Paul Bartsch Papers
Paul Bartsch Papers / Series 4: RESEARCH EXPEDITION MATERIALS, 1907-1933. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY. / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7089-refd1e345

Folder 3 Bartsch correspondence, boat contracts, financial accounts, and newspaper clipping for the Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship Expedition, 1930-1931, which includes the following: Francis White, assistant secretary, Department of State...

Collection Creator:
Bartsch, Paul, 1871-1960  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7089, Bartsch, Paul, 1871-1960, Paul Bartsch Papers
See more items in:
Paul Bartsch Papers
Paul Bartsch Papers / Series 4: RESEARCH EXPEDITION MATERIALS, 1907-1933. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY. / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7089-refd1e373

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