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Library of Congress Copyright Office photographs of Native Americans

Creator:
Library of Congress. Copyright Office  Search this
Photographer:
Alfred S. Campbell Art Co.  Search this
Alligator Farm  Search this
Art Foto Company  Search this
Bailey Company  Search this
C. C. Pierce & Company  Search this
Case & Draper  Search this
Cobbs, The  Search this
Cornish & Baker  Search this
Crippen & Reese  Search this
Curtis & Miller  Search this
Detroit Publishing Co.  Search this
Frashers Inc.  Search this
Fred Harvey (Firm)  Search this
H.H. Bennett Studio  Search this
Harrison & Harris  Search this
Heyn & Matzen  Search this
James & Pierce  Search this
John F. Byrnes & Co.  Search this
Karl E. Moon & Co.  Search this
Kendrick Studio  Search this
Kesir Brothers  Search this
Lewiston Business College  Search this
Locke & Peterson  Search this
Lomen Bros.  Search this
Mary Ann Studio  Search this
McIllheney & Engstrom  Search this
Mishler & Walker  Search this
National Art Co.  Search this
Osborne Company  Search this
Perry & Petrik  Search this
Robinsons, The  Search this
Rose & Hopkins  Search this
Smith & Hassel  Search this
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Adams, Ira Clay  Search this
Allyn, Harry J.  Search this
Anderson, J. A. (John Alvin), 1869-1948  Search this
Anderson, John F.  Search this
Anderson, Oliver P. (Oliver Phelps)  Search this
Andrews, Clarence Leroy, 1862-1948  Search this
Arnold, C. D. (Charles Dudley), 1844-1927  Search this
Arnold, John J.  Search this
Baker, A. J.  Search this
Bakey, William August  Search this
Black, T. Henry  Search this
Blessing, J. Lynne  Search this
Blotcky, Abraham G.  Search this
Boag, W. J. (William John)  Search this
Boos, Edward H.  Search this
Bortell, P. Clinton  Search this
Bowman, W. S. (Walter S.)  Search this
Bradford, C. S. (Charles Sydney)  Search this
Brady, Ferdinand  Search this
Bratley, J. H. (Jesse H.)  Search this
Brewster, Arthur J.  Search this
Britain, J. W.  Search this
Buchman, Albert R.  Search this
Bunnell, S. U.  Search this
Burke, F. P. (Frank P.)  Search this
Carpenter, A. C.  Search this
Clark, R. H.  Search this
Cline, Walter M., 1873-1941  Search this
Collins, J. W.  Search this
Cornish, Geo. B. (George Bancroft)  Search this
Countryman, Edwin W., 1872-1946  Search this
Crossland, W. R.  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Davis, Trevor M.  Search this
Dean, F. E.  Search this
Distin, William  Search this
Dixon, Joseph K. (Joseph Kossuth)  Search this
Dobbs, B. B. (Beverly Bennett)  Search this
Dodge, K. T. (Katherine Taylor)  Search this
Drake, J. D.  Search this
Drum, O.  Search this
Duckwall, David Thomas Jr  Search this
Eickemeyer, Carl  Search this
Eklund, Hildore C.  Search this
Ellingson, M. A. (Martin A.)  Search this
Emery, C. E. (Charles E.)  Search this
Endner, Harry W.  Search this
Evans, Wilmot R.  Search this
Fair, Henry, 1856-  Search this
Faulk, B. J.  Search this
Fawcett, Waldon  Search this
Fewkes, John  Search this
Fine, Eben G.  Search this
Fishbaugh, W. A. (William A.)  Search this
Fiske, Frank Bennett, 1883-1952  Search this
Fitch, W. T.  Search this
Fly, M. E.  Search this
Forrest, Earle R. (Earle Robert), 1883-1969  Search this
Forsyth, N. A. (Norman A.), 1869-1949  Search this
Freeman, Emma B., 1880-1928  Search this
Fully, Albert  Search this
Gifford, Benjamin A.  Search this
Gifford, Ralph  Search this
Gilpin, Laura  Search this
Glasier, E. C. (Emma C.)  Search this
Glasier, F. W. (Frederick W.)  Search this
Goetze, O. D. (Otto Daniel)  Search this
Gonner, F. (Frank)  Search this
Grabill, John C. H.  Search this
Grady, M. A.  Search this
Graves, Faye, -1945  Search this
Hakkerup, N. L. (N. Larson)  Search this
Hall, A. W.  Search this
Hall, Fred G.  Search this
Hamilton, James R.  Search this
Hance, G. W. (George W.)  Search this
Hand, Fred  Search this
Haran, J. A.  Search this
Harrison, J. V.  Search this
Hartwell, Sidney R.  Search this
Haynes, Jack Ellis, 1884-1962  Search this
Hebard, Grace Raymond, 1861-1936  Search this
Herman, Eddie  Search this
Hibbard, C. J.  Search this
Hill, Eva M.  Search this
Hill, Harry E., 1869-1937  Search this
Homan, Edward Jr  Search this
Hook, W. E. (William Edward), 1833-1908  Search this
Hunt, P. S. (Phinney S.), 1866-1917  Search this
Ingersoll, T. W. (Truman Ward), 1862-1922  Search this
James, George Wharton, 1858-1923  Search this
Jansrud, J. C.  Search this
Jensen, W. F.  Search this
Johnson, George W.  Search this
Johnson, Jessamine Spear, 1886-  Search this
Johnson, John A.  Search this
Jones, Ida  Search this
Kellogg, P. H.  Search this
Kern, Bernhard  Search this
Kinne, A. B. (Albert Barnes)  Search this
Kinsey, Darius, 1869-1945  Search this
Kip, Benjamin M.  Search this
Kiser, Fred H.  Search this
Knott, Franklin Price  Search this
La Roche, Frank, 1853-1934  Search this
Langdon, J. W. (John Warren)  Search this
Lange, William  Search this
Ledford, Duke E.  Search this
Lewis, Anna  Search this
Linton, Esther Letitia, 1866-  Search this
Logston, E. W.  Search this
Lubken, Walter J., 1881-1960  Search this
Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928  Search this
MacKenzie, Colin (Colin H.)  Search this
Markham, B. C. (Benjamin Clayton)  Search this
Markley, Iris  Search this
Matthews, George L.  Search this
Maude, F. H. (Frederic Hamer)  Search this
McAllister, William O.  Search this
McClintock, Walter, 1870-1949  Search this
McKay, R. H. (Rollin H.)  Search this
McKee, Thomas M., 1854-1939  Search this
McWhorter, Lucullus Virgil, 1860-1944  Search this
Mcbride, C. C.  Search this
Meiser, J. A. (Jesse A.)  Search this
Mellen, Geo. E. (George Egbert), b. 1854  Search this
Mercer, Anson Cary  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Merryman, Aubrey Ewert  Search this
Metcalfe, Frederick Andrew  Search this
Meyers, Henry C.  Search this
Miller, James A.  Search this
Mitchell, Daniel S.  Search this
Monsen, Frederick, 1865-1929  Search this
Moore, F. E. (Frank E.)  Search this
Moorhouse, Lee, 1850-1926  Search this
Morris, Charles E.  Search this
Morris, T. A.  Search this
Murray, Sylvia E.  Search this
Newcomb, Alta Ida  Search this
Newton, Warren Z.  Search this
Norcott, Culver K.  Search this
Northrup, Dale O.  Search this
Nowell, Frank H., 1864-1950  Search this
Oakes, Mortimer L.  Search this
Oliver, Warren Mack  Search this
Palmer, Frank, 1864-1920  Search this
Palmer, G. E.  Search this
Parker, Robert Gish  Search this
Peabody, Henry G. (Henry Greenwood), 1855-1951  Search this
Peeso, Frederick E.  Search this
Pennington, William M.  Search this
Percy, Henry George  Search this
Phelan, A. B.  Search this
Pickett, W. B.  Search this
Plank, Henriette A.  Search this
Pleissner, Ogden M.  Search this
Poley, H. S. (Horace Swartley)  Search this
Porter, Milton E. (Milton Edson)  Search this
Powell, Tod  Search this
Prestbus, Ingemar  Search this
Price, Robert C.  Search this
Putnam, A.  Search this
Quick, Floyd Edgar  Search this
Rau, William Herman, 1855-1920  Search this
Rauderbaugh  Search this
Reading, R. L.  Search this
Reed, Roland, 1864-1934  Search this
Rice, Thomas J.  Search this
Risem, A.  Search this
Robinson, K. E.  Search this
Rogers, May S.  Search this
Ross, D. F.  Search this
Rosser, J. H.  Search this
Rowland, Perley C.  Search this
Russell, Charles M. (Charles Marion), 1864-1926  Search this
Rutter, Thomas H., 1837-1925  Search this
San Jule, F. E.  Search this
Schwemberger, Simeon  Search this
Scott, Frances  Search this
Shattuck, Rena  Search this
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899  Search this
Shipman, B. J.  Search this
Shuck, J. A.  Search this
Siebert, Edward S.  Search this
Smith, Benjamin A.  Search this
Smith, Erminnie A. (Erminnie Adele), 1836-1886  Search this
Soule, John P.  Search this
Spencer, George A.  Search this
Splawn, A. J.  Search this
Spurr, E. Willard  Search this
Squires, C. F.  Search this
Starrh, Thomas M.  Search this
Stephenson, Benton E.  Search this
Stevens, J. E.  Search this
Stimson, Joseph Elam, 1870-1952  Search this
Stonecipher, C. U.  Search this
Strakal, Chris J.  Search this
Sweney, Dallas R.  Search this
Tammen, Harry Heye, 1856-1924  Search this
Tancred, Douglas  Search this
Tangen, Ed, 1873-1951  Search this
Tanner, W. S.  Search this
Taylor, G. S. (Gracie S.)  Search this
Tees, Howard  Search this
Terry, John Jesse  Search this
Thedens, Fred R.  Search this
Thomas, Arthur  Search this
Thompson, Lucy, 1856-  Search this
Thompson, P. T.  Search this
Throssel, Richard, d. 1933  Search this
Trager, George E.  Search this
Truman, Edward  Search this
Tuell, Julia E.  Search this
Turner, Thomas  Search this
Van Oeyen, L.  Search this
Waite, C. B. (Charles Betts), 1861-1927  Search this
Wallace, H. J.  Search this
Warren, O. B.  Search this
Waterman, O. W.  Search this
Wheeler, C. S.  Search this
White, Lily E.  Search this
Wolf, C. A.  Search this
Wores, Theodore, 1858-1939  Search this
Young, F. A. (Fred Andrew)  Search this
Names:
Wanamaker, John, 1838-1922 (photographer or copyright claimant)  Search this
Wanamaker, Rodman, 1863-1928 (photographer or copyright claimant)  Search this
Extent:
6,085 Mounted prints (circa, albumen, collodion, silver gelatin, platinum)
Culture:
Onondaga  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Quileute  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Mewuk (Miwok)  Search this
Kutzadika'a (Mono Paiute)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Kootenai (Kutenai)  Search this
Klikitat  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl)  Search this
Kato Indians  Search this
Kickapoo  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Haida  Search this
Havasupai (Coconino)  Search this
Palouse  Search this
Duwamish (Dwamish)  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Achomawi (Pit River)  Search this
Ahtna (Ahtena)  Search this
Quinault  Search this
Northwest Coast  Search this
Yavapai  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Wishram  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Coeur d'Alene  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Interior Salish  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Sarsi Indians  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Peoria  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Swinomish  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Oto  Search this
Osage  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Wailaki  Search this
Ute  Search this
Zia Pueblo  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Tolowa  Search this
Yuki  Search this
Yurok  Search this
Twana  Search this
Umatilla  Search this
Tonkawa  Search this
Tsimshian  Search this
Wappo  Search this
Wampanoag  Search this
Washo Indians  Search this
Wasco  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Yokuts  Search this
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Makah  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Yoeme (Yaqui)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Cocopa  Search this
Hupa  Search this
Klallam (Clallam)  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Chinook  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Cree  Search this
Cowichan  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Chehalis  Search this
Cayuse  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Bannock  Search this
Chimakum  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1890s-1920s
1860s-1930s
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of photographs relating to Native Americans, which were submitted to the copyright office of the Library of Congress in and around the early 20th century. Many of the photographs are studio portraits as well as photographs made as part of expeditions and railroad surveys. It includes images of people, dwellings and other structures, agriculture, arts and crafts, burials, ceremonies and dances, games, food preparation, transportation, and scenic views. Some of the photographs were posed to illustrate literary works, including Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Hiawatha, while others depict paintings or other artwork.

Tribes represented are Achomawi, Ahtena, Apache, Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboin, Bannock, Blackfoot, Cahita, Cahuilla, Cayuse, Chehalis, Chemehuevi, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chimakum, Chinook, Chippewa, Choctaw, Clatsop, Cocopa, Comanche, Cowichan, Cree, Creek, Crow, Dakota, Duwamish, Eskimo, Fox, Gros Ventre (Atsina), Gros Ventre (Hidatsa), Haida, Havasupai, Hoh, Hupa, Iroquois (including Mohawk, Onandaga, Seneca, and St. Regis), Kalispel, Karok, Kato, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Klamath, Klickitat, Kutenai, Kwakiutl, Maidu, Makah, Mandan, Maricopa, Menominee, Miwok, Mohave, Mono, Navaho, Nez Perce, Nootka, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Paiute, Paloos, Papago, Passamaquoddy, Pawnee, Peoria, Pima, Pomo, Ponca, Potawatomi, Pueblo (including Acoma, Cochiti, Hano, Hopi, Isleta, Jemez, Laguna, Nambe, San Ildefonso, Santa Clara, Santo Domingo, Sia, San Juan, Taos, Tesuque, and Zuni), Quahatika, Quapaw, Queets, Quileute, Quinault, Salish (including Flathead), Sarsi, Sauk and Fox, Seminole, Shawnee, Shoshoni, Sinkiuse, Skitswish, Spokan, Swinomish, Tenino, Tlingit, Tolowa, Tonkawa, Tsimshian, Twana, Umatilla, Ute, Wailaki, Walapai, Wallawalla, Wampanoag, Wappo, Wasco, Washo, Wichita, Winnebago, Wishram, Yakima, Yavapai, Yokuts, Yuki, Yuma, and Yurok.
Arrangement:
Collection is organized alphabetically by copyright claimant.
Biographical/Historical note:
The collection was formed from submissions made to the Library of Congress as part of the copyright registration process. In 1949, arrangements were made to allow the Bureau of American Ethnology to copy the collection and some negatives were made at that time, largely from the Heyn and Matzen photographs. The project was soon abandoned, however, as too large an undertaking for the facilities of the BAE. In 1957-1958, arrangements were begun by William C. Sturtevant of the BAE to transfer a set of the photographs from the Library of Congress to the BAE.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 59
Provenance:
In 1965, the Bureau merged with the Smithsonian's Department of Anthropology to form the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology, and in 1968 the Office of Anthropology Archives transformed into the National Anthropological Archives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 59, Library of Congress Copyright Office photograph collection of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.59
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-59

Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian

Photographer:
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Extent:
96 Photomechanical prints (photogravure proofs)
184 Printing plates (copper printing plates)
Culture:
Twana  Search this
Hoh  Search this
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Wishram  Search this
Suquamish  Search this
Skokomish  Search this
Quinault  Search this
Quileute  Search this
Apache  Search this
Tolowa  Search this
Hupa  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Squaxon  Search this
Mewuk (Miwok)  Search this
Achomawi (Pit River)  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Yurok  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Cayuse  Search this
Northern Paiute (Paviotso)  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Tsuu T'ina (Sarcee)  Search this
Kainai Blackfoot (Kainah/Blood)  Search this
Denésoliné (Chipewyan)  Search this
Cree  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Kewa (Santo Domingo Pueblo)  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Serrano  Search this
Washoe (Washo)  Search this
Kutzadika'a (Mono Paiute)  Search this
Kupangaxwichem (Kupa/Cupeño)  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Osage  Search this
Yokuts  Search this
Chukchansi Yokuts  Search this
Southern Mewuk (Southern Miwok)  Search this
Wailaki  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Wappo  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photomechanical prints
Printing plates
Photogravures
Photographs
Date:
1899-1927
circa 1980
Summary:
The Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian include photogravure printing plates and associated proofs made from Curtis photographs and used in the publication of The North American Indian volumes 1-9 and 12-19. The bulk of the images are portraits, though there are also images of everyday items, ceremonial artifacts, and camps.
Scope and Contents:
The collection comprises 183 photogravure plates (101 folio and 82 octavo) and 96 associated proofs used in the printing of The North American Indian volumes 1-9 and 12-19. The original photographs used to make the photogravures were made circa 1903-1926 and the photogravure plates were made in 1907-1930. The bulk are portraits, though there are also images of everyday items, ceremonial artifacts, and camps. About half of the proofs in the collection are originals used for Curtis's publication, though the collection also includes proofs made in the process of later publication by the Classic Gravure Company (circa 1980). Vintage proofs include handwritten notes, likely made by Curtis Studio employees in Seattle and Los Angeles. Many of the photogravure plates do not have matching proofs; in particular, there are no proofs for the octavo plates.
Arrangement:
The plates and proofs are arranged by the volume of The North American Indian in which they were published. They are described in this finding aid by the caption and plate number with which they were published.
Biographical / Historical:
Edward Sheriff Curtis (1868-1952) was an American photographer best known for his monumental and now-controversial project, the twenty-volume publication The North American Indian. Here he sought to document in words and pictures the "vanishing race" of American Indians.

Born in Wisconsin in 1868, Edward Curtis grew up on his family's farm in Le Sueur County, Minnesota, from 1874 to 1887. In 1887, he and his father Johnson Curtis settled on a plot near what is now Port Orchard, Washington, and the rest of the family joined them the following year. When Johnson Curtis died within a month of the family's arrival, the burden of providing for his mother and siblings fell to 20-year-old Edward, and Edward set out to do so through his photography. In 1891, Curtis moved to the booming city of Seattle and bought into a joint photo studio with Rasmus Rothi. Less than a year later, he formed "Curtis and Guptill, Photographers and Photoengravers" with Thomas Guptill; the enterprise quickly became a premier portrait studio for Seattle's elite. In 1895, Curtis made his first "Indian photograph" depicting Princess Angeline, daughter of the chief for whom Seattle had been named. The following year he earned his first medal from the National Photographic Convention for his "genre studies."

In 1899, Edward Curtis joined the Harriman Alaska Expedition as official photographer, a position which allowed him to learn from anthropologists C. Hart Merriam and George Bird Grinnell while documenting the landscapes and peoples of the Alaskan coast. This expedition and the resulting friendship with Grinnell helped to foster Curtis's ultimate goal to "form a comprehensive and permanent record of all the important tribes of the United States and Alaska that still retain to a considerable degree their primitive customs and traditions" (General Introduction, The North American Indian). Curtis made several trips to reservations from 1900 to 1904, including a trip with Grinnell to Montana in 1900 and multiple trips to the Southwest, including the Hopi Reservation. He also hired Adolph Muhr, former assistant to Omaha photographer Frank A. Rinehart, to manage the Curtis studio in his absence, a decision which would prove more and more fruitful as Curtis spent less and less time in Seattle.

In 1906, Curtis struck a deal with financier J. P. Morgan, whereby Morgan would support a company – The North American Indian, Inc. – with $15,000 for five years, by which time the project was expected to have ended. Systematic fieldwork for the publication began in earnest that summer season, with Curtis accompanied by a team of ethnological researchers and American Indian assistants. Arguably the most important member of Curtis' field team was William Myers, a former newspaperman who collected much of the ethnological data and completed most of the writing for the project. The first volume, covering Navajo and Apache peoples, was published at the end of 1907, but already Morgan's funding was incapable of meeting Curtis's needs. Despite heaping praise from society's elite, Curtis spent much of his time struggling to find people and institutions willing to subscribe to the expensive set of volumes. After the initial five years, only eight of the proposed twenty volumes had been completed. Fieldwork and publication continued with the support of J. P. Morgan, but Curtis's home life suffered because of his prolonged absences.

In 1919, Curtis's wife Clara was awarded a divorce settlement which included the entire Curtis studio in Seattle. Exhausted and bankrupt, Edward Curtis moved with his daughter Beth Magnuson to Los Angeles, where they operated a new Curtis Studio and continued work on the volumes; volume 12 was published in 1922. The constant financial strain forced Myers to leave the North American Indian team after volume 18 (fieldwork in 1926) and Curtis made his last trip to photograph and gather data for volume 20 in 1927. After the final volumes were published in 1930, Curtis almost completely faded from public notice until his work was "rediscovered" and popularized in the 1970s.

Curtis's "salvage ethnology," as scholar Mick Gidley describes it, was mildly controversial even during his life and has become ever more so as his legacy deepens. In his quest to photograph pre-colonial Indian life through a twentieth-century lens, he often manipulated and constructed history as much as he recorded it: he staged reenactments, added props, and removed evidence of twentieth-century influences on "primitive" life. Curtis's work continues to shape popular conceptions of American Indians and so, while problematic, his legacy--his vision of American Indian life--continues to be relevant.
Related Materials:
NMAI also holds Edward Curtis photographs documenting the Harriman Expedition (1899) as well as platinum prints and photogravures of the images published in The North American Indian.

The Smithsonian Institution, National Anthropological Archives holds Edward Curtis prints submitted for copyright (Photo Lot 59) as well as many of his original negatives, photographs, and papers.

Steve Kern donated photogravure plates to the Center for Creative Photography and the Seattle Art Museum at the same time that he donated this set to MAI.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Steven and Arlene Kern to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in 1984.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Pictorial works  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photogravures
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.080
See more items in:
Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-080
Online Media:

Volume 8

Collection Photographer:
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Extent:
8 Printing plates
3 Photomechanical prints
Container:
Box 8vo9-8vo10
Box F18-F19
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Printing plates
Photomechanical prints
Date:
1909-1910
1899
1905
bulk 1910-1910
Scope and Contents:
This series includes three folio plates and five octavo plates showing bone carvings, beadwork, and portraits of Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce), Cayuse, Wishram, and Walla Walla (Wallawalla) men and women. It also includes three proofs made by Classic Gravure from plates in the collection.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.080, Series 8
See more items in:
Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-080-ref13

MS 695 Translation by George Gibbs of Indian Grammar of the Pshwan-wa-pam, Wala-Wala, Tairtla, Roil-roil-pan and Palus Languages, by Rev. C. M. Pandosy

Creator:
Pandosy, Charles Marie, 1824-1891  Search this
Gibbs, George, 1815-1873  Search this
Extent:
36 Pages
Culture:
Warm Springs  Search this
Klikitat  Search this
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1876
Scope and Contents:
Disarranged and incomplete. The translation of the grammar is practically verbatim as it appears in the published account but is incomplete in parts. In addition there are approximately 5 pages of "Translator's notes" which were not included in the published grammar.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 695
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Yakima  Search this
Tygh Valley  Search this
Sahaptin  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 695, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS695
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms695

MS 3361 Grammaire Indienne des langues Pshanwapams, Walla-wallas, Tairtla (Tyigh), Roilroilpam (Klikitat), Palvas (Paloos)

Creator:
ANONYMOUS  Search this
Extent:
26 Pages
Culture:
Warm Springs  Search this
Klikitat  Search this
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Grammatical notes of the Wallawalla, Tyigh (Tairtla), Klikitat (Roil-roil-pam), and Paloos (Palvas?). Includes letter to Matthew Stirling.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3361
Provenance:
Obtained from the Office of the Quartermaster General at the suggestion of Dr Walter Hough and transferred from the U. S. National Museum to the Bureau of American Ethnology, July 26, 1935. Sent to Archives September 10, 1935.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Tygh Valley  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3361, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3361
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3361

MS 1001 Cayuse, Umatilla, Walla Walla comparative vocabulary in Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages

Creator:
Henshaw, Henry W. (Henry Wetherbee), 1850-1930  Search this
Informant:
Old Pus  Search this
Yah-tin Wi-shi-an-sha  Search this
Extent:
65 Pages
Culture:
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Cayuse  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
Fall 1888
Scope and Contents:
Informant for "Umatilla" given on title page as Old Pus; informant for the Cayuse is Yah-tin Wi-shi-an-sha. Second language identified as probably Walla Walla by Bruce J. Rigsby, University of Toronto, in letter of March 22, 1965, in which he states that this "is definitely not Umatilla, but is rather one of the Northeast Sahaptin dialects, most likely Walla Walla." In John Wesley Powell schedule that is part of Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1001
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1001, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1001
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1001

White Woman

Culture/People:
Cayuse  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Susan Sheoships, Cayuse/Walla Walla (Wallawalla), b. 1951  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Institute of American Indian Arts Museum (IAIA Museum)  Search this
Title:
White Woman
Object Name:
Print
Media/Materials:
Paper, ink
Techniques:
Etched/printed
Dimensions:
47.8 x 37.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Santa Fe; Santa Fe County; New Mexico; USA
Date created:
1974
Catalog Number:
26/2264
Barcode:
262264.000
See related items:
Cayuse
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6aaf33eb7-fe77-411d-95a0-cb1e4dd3766f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_278372

Blanket

Culture/People:
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
James Lavadour, Walla Walla (Wallawalla), b. 1951  Search this
Seller:
James Lavadour, Walla Walla (Wallawalla), b. 1951  Search this
PDX Contemporary Art (PDX Gallery)  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Robert Jon Grover, Non-Indian  Search this
Title:
Blanket
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Board, oil paint
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
396.2 x 193 x 61 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Pendleton; Umatilla County; Oregon; USA
Date created:
2005
Catalog Number:
26/6079
Barcode:
266079.000
See related items:
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)
Painting/Drawing/Print
On View:
NMAI, New York, NY: Stretching the Canvas, Grand Ambitions
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68863115a-8d39-43eb-baf4-ea7bdd7ec41b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_282306

Man's leggings

Culture/People:
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Object Name:
Man's leggings
Media/Materials:
Dogbane fiber, cornhusk, hide, wool cloth, cotton cloth, satin ribbon, ribbon, rabbit skin/fur
Techniques:
Twined, sewn
Dimensions:
68 x 35 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Washington; USA (inferred)
Date created:
circa 1880
Catalog Number:
10/8091
Barcode:
108091.000
See related items:
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6025d4ba9-dc7d-4d85-a574-b38a982bb4f5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_116660
Online Media:

Sunset at the Lariat

Culture/People:
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
James Lavadour, Walla Walla (Wallawalla), b. 1951  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Sacred Circle Gallery of American Indian Art  Search this
Title:
Sunset at the Lariat
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Masonite, oil paint
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
61.0 x 81.3 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Oregon; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1984
Catalog Number:
26/2183
Barcode:
262183.000
See related items:
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b3ea887c-b2b6-46e7-98b8-c4a98f3573db
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_278291

Martingale

Culture/People:
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Previous owner:
William Webber, Non-Indian  Search this
The Museum Shop (L.O. Gannon & Son Galleries and Bookshop [after 1969]/Museum Shop Mabton)  Search this
Seller:
The Museum Shop (L.O. Gannon & Son Galleries and Bookshop [after 1969]/Museum Shop Mabton)  Search this
Seller agent:
Dr. William L. Gannon (William Louis Gannon), Non-Indian, 1919-1985  Search this
Object Name:
Martingale
Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, cotton cloth, glass bead/beads, brass bell/bells, hide thong/babiche, thread
Techniques:
Sewn, overlay beadwork
Dimensions:
140 x 64.5 cm
Object Type:
Animal Tack and Animal Husbandry
Place:
Washington; USA
Date created:
circa 1890
Catalog Number:
23/5008
Barcode:
235008.000
See related items:
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)
Animal Tack and Animal Husbandry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws645267503-5008-47e3-a2fe-7a505fc3493c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_250377
Online Media:

Water Walker

Culture/People:
Cayuse  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Susan Sheoships, Cayuse/Walla Walla (Wallawalla), b. 1951  Search this
IACB Source:
Institute of American Indian Arts (IAIA)  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Title:
Water Walker
Object Name:
Print
Media/Materials:
Paper, ink
Techniques:
Etched/printed
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Santa Fe; Santa Fe County; New Mexico; USA
Date created:
1974
Catalog Number:
26/2377
Barcode:
262377.000
See related items:
Cayuse
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a121fd73-e123-4122-a516-a79248003852
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_278487

Female doll

Culture/People:
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Lucille George, Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Totem Pole Indian Goods Store  Search this
Object Name:
Female doll
Media/Materials:
Cotton-synthetic cloth, commercially tanned leather, fur, glass bead/beads, shell/shells, hair
Techniques:
Sewn, loom beadwork, lazy/lane stitch beadwork
Dimensions:
49.75 x 11 x 9 cm
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Place:
Celilo Village; Wasco County; Oregon; USA
Date created:
1965
Catalog Number:
25/5305
Barcode:
255305.000
See related items:
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e58c28dd-b615-481e-8cd8-cf7c8bd46fa9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271170
Online Media:

Ethereal Mother

Culture/People:
Cayuse  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Susan Sheoships, Cayuse/Walla Walla (Wallawalla), b. 1951  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Seymour Tubis, Non-Indian, 1919-1993  Search this
IACB source:
Seymour Tubis, Non-Indian, 1919-1993  Search this
Title:
Ethereal Mother
Object Name:
Drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
28 x 20.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Santa Fe; Santa Fe County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1969-1974
Catalog Number:
25/9332
Barcode:
259332.000
See related items:
Cayuse
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws60791dc5e-9197-4504-8aac-9fdf9b498315
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275346
Online Media:

Hair comb

Culture/People:
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Hair comb
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
Oregon; USA
Catalog Number:
16/7269
Barcode:
167269.000
See related items:
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6caabf160-543d-4876-8b7a-87b765ecd1fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_179326
Online Media:

Constellations

Culture/People:
Cayuse  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Susan Sheoships, Cayuse/Walla Walla (Wallawalla), b. 1951  Search this
IACB source:
Institute of American Indian Arts (IAIA)  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Title:
Constellations
Object Name:
Print
Media/Materials:
Paper, paint
Techniques:
Etched/printed
Dimensions:
33.3 x 23.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Santa Fe; Santa Fe County; New Mexico; USA
Date created:
1974
Catalog Number:
26/2347
Barcode:
262347.000
See related items:
Cayuse
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d47079b2-9bfd-4e7f-86c6-74a7b47a3e64
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_278457

Handbag/Purse

Culture/People:
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Object Name:
Handbag/Purse
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth, wool cloth, glass bead/beads, hide thong/babiche, thread
Techniques:
Sewn, overlay beadwork
Dimensions:
29.00 x 25.50 x 43.00 cm
Object Type:
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Place:
Washington; USA
Date created:
circa 1915
Catalog Number:
6/5436
Barcode:
065436.000
See related items:
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws64827c698-1173-44cf-b5e6-a576a782eb43
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_70703
Online Media:

Mat

Culture/People:
probably Walla Walla (Wallawalla) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Mother of Sally McCorkle, Warm Springs  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Thomas Talbot Waterman (T. T. Waterman), Non-Indian, 1885-1936  Search this
Object Name:
Mat
Media/Materials:
Reed, vegetal fiber
Techniques:
Perforated, stitched
Dimensions:
295 x 166 cm
Object Type:
Furnishings (Home)
Place:
Warm Springs, Warm Springs Reservation; Jefferson County; Oregon; USA
Catalog Number:
10/7701
Barcode:
107701.000
See related items:
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)
Furnishings (Home)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6854125d8-7a1a-4e4f-8c44-e800366caec2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_115743
Online Media:

Bag

Culture/People:
probably Walla Walla [Warm Springs Reservation] (attributed)  Search this
Possible collector:
Elizabeth Neill Thompson (Elizabeth N. Cooper Thompson/Mrs. John Meredith Thompson), Non-Indian, 1850-1931  Search this
Previous owner:
Elizabeth Neill Thompson (Elizabeth N. Cooper Thompson/Mrs. John Meredith Thompson), Non-Indian, 1850-1931  Search this
Donor:
Elizabeth Neill Thompson (Elizabeth N. Cooper Thompson/Mrs. John Meredith Thompson), Non-Indian, 1850-1931  Search this
Object Name:
Bag
Media/Materials:
Buffalo hide/skin, glass pony beads, hide thong/babiche, sinew
Techniques:
Sewn, overlay beadwork, fringed
Dimensions:
34 x 15 x 2 cm
Object Type:
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Place:
Oregon; USA
Date created:
circa 1840
Catalog Number:
12/9470
Barcode:
129470.000
See related items:
Walla Walla [Warm Springs Reservation]
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
On View:
NMAI, New York, NY: Infinity of Nations, Plains & Plateau
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws619caacdf-7f0c-4048-be2a-174986be64ed
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_139220
Online Media:

Cayuse Women

Culture/People:
Cayuse  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Susan Sheoships, Cayuse/Walla Walla (Wallawalla), b. 1951  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Institute of American Indian Arts (IAIA)  Search this
Title:
Cayuse Women
Object Name:
Print
Media/Materials:
Paper, ink
Techniques:
Etched/printed
Dimensions:
23.5 x 31 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Santa Fe; Santa Fe County; New Mexico; USA
Date created:
1974
Catalog Number:
26/2321
Barcode:
262321.000
See related items:
Cayuse
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws62f8667e2-aa9f-469c-a6d7-ad2ca3c97434
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_278431

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