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Freer's collected photographs of the construction of the Freer Museum

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Platt, Charles A. (Charles Adams), 1861-1933  Search this
Walcott, Charles D. (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927  Search this
Collection Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Extent:
49 Photographs
Container:
Box 312
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographs
Place:
District of Columbia
Date:
1916-1919
Scope and Contents:
An album of photographs of the construction of the Freer Gallery of Art, sent periodically to Charles Lang Freer from the office of the Secretary of the Smithsonian. Scenes include the building site; the groundbreaking ceremony; construction scenes from various angles including from the roof of the Smithsonian Castle, and an aerial view of the nearly completed building.
Photographs of the building in Washington to house the Freer Collection
Biographical / Historical:
Due to illness, Charles Freer rarely visited Washington during the construction of his eponymous gallery. Secretary Charles Walcott sent periodic reports of the building's progress. These reports included the attached photographs, which Freer maintained in a bound album. Although the Freer Gallery did not open until 1923, the photographs in this album end in 1919 on Charles Freer's death.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.01 11.09
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Architectural photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Charles Lang Freer Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of the estate of Charles Lang Freer.
Identifier:
FSA.A.01, Subseries 12.12
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers
Charles Lang Freer Papers / Series 12: Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-01-ref2538

Walcott, Charles D.

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Walcott, Charles D. (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927  Search this
Collection Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Extent:
360 Pages
Container:
Box 32, Folder 1-15
Type:
Archival materials
Pages
Letters (correspondence)
Date:
1908-1919
Scope and Contents:
Letters between Charles Lang Freer and Secretary of the Smithsonian Charles Doolittle Walcott between April 13, 1908 and September 19, 1919. Topics include Freer's evolving bequest to the Smithsonian, his thoughts on the nature and goals of his museum, and the construction of the building in Washington, DC.
Freer accession number F1908.1908.17a
Letters between Charles Lang Freer and Charles D. Walcott
Arrangement:
Organized chronologically under correspondent.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.01 02.1Walcott
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence)
Collection Citation:
Charles Lang Freer Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of the estate of Charles Lang Freer.
Identifier:
FSA.A.01, File FSA A.01 02.1Walcott
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers
Charles Lang Freer Papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.1: Charles Lang Freer Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-01-ref581

Profile Portrait of Charles Doolittle Walcott (1850-1927)

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Physical description:
5 x 4;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1920
Circa 1920s
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B27F_017]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Undetermined
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404310

Portrait of Charles Doolittle Walcott (1850-1927)

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Physical description:
6 x 3.5;
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1877
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B27F_009]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404303
Online Media:

Portrait of Charles Doolittle Walcott (1850-1927)

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Physical description:
6 x 3.5;
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1873
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B27F_010]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404304
Online Media:

Portrait of Charles Doolittle Walcott (1850-1927)

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints; 7 x 5;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1897
Circa 1897 (copied 1997)
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B27F_012]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404305
Online Media:

Portrait of Charles Doolittle Walcott (1850-1927)

Creator:
Edmonston, David Bell 1876-1953  Search this
Subject:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Physical description:
6 x 4;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1913
Circa 1913
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B27F_013]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
In Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404306
Online Media:

Portrait of Charles Doolittle Walcott (1850-1927)

Creator:
Edmonston, David Bell 1876-1953  Search this
Subject:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Physical description:
6 x 4;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1913
Circa 1913
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B27F_014]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
In Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404307
Online Media:

Portrait of Charles Doolittle Walcott (1850-1927)

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Physical description:
6 x 4;
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1920
Circa 1920s
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B27F_015]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Undetermined
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404308
Online Media:

Profile Portrait of Charles Doolittle Walcott (1850-1927)

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Physical description:
6.5 x 4.25;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1920
Circa 1920s
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B27F_016]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Undetermined
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404309
Online Media:

Portrait of Albert Francis Zahm (1862-1954)

Creator:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Subject:
Zahm, Albert Francis 1862-  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints; 5 x 4;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Hammondsport (N.Y.)
Date:
1914
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B27F_155]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404362
Online Media:

Glenn Hammond Curtiss (1878-1930) and Albert Francis Zahm (1862-1954)

Creator:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Subject:
Zahm, Albert Francis 1862-  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond 1878-1930  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints; 4 x 5;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Hammondsport (N.Y.)
Date:
1914
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B27F_156]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404363
Online Media:

Charles Lang Freer selected papers

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Names:
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
M. Knoedler & Co.  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Yamanaka & Company  Search this
Bacher, Otto H. (Otto Henry), 1856-1909  Search this
Berenson, Bernard, 1865-1959  Search this
Bing, Siegfried, 1838-1905  Search this
Binyon, Laurence, 1869-1943  Search this
Bixby, William K. (William Keeney), 1857-1931  Search this
Bosch-Reitz, Sigisbert Chretien, 1860-  Search this
Caffin, Charles Henry, 1854-1918  Search this
Campbell, Colin, Lady, 1857-1911  Search this
Campbell, Colin, Lord, 1853-1895  Search this
Canfield, Richard A. (Richard Albert), 1855-1914  Search this
Chase, William Merritt, 1849-1916  Search this
Church, Frederick S. (Frederick Stuart), 1842-1924  Search this
Churchill, Alfred Vance, 1864-1949  Search this
Coburn, Alvin Langdon, 1882-1966  Search this
Dewing, Thomas Wilmer, 1851-1938  Search this
Dow, Arthur W. (Arthur Wesley), 1857-1922  Search this
Fenollosa, Ernest Francisco, 1853-1908  Search this
Gallatin, A. E. (Albert Eugene), 1881-1952  Search this
Gellatly, John, 1853-1931  Search this
Gookin, Frederick William  Search this
Hartmann, Sadakichi, 1867-1944  Search this
Hecker, Frank J. (Frank Joseph), 1846-1927  Search this
Kelekian, Dikran, 1868-1951  Search this
Laufer, Berthold, 1874-1934  Search this
Matsuki, Bunkio, 1867-1940  Search this
McCormick, Frederick, 1870-  Search this
Melchers, Gari, 1860-1932  Search this
Meyer, Agnes Elizabeth Ernst, 1887-1970  Search this
Meyer, Eugene, 1875-1959  Search this
Moore, Charles, 1855-1942  Search this
Nomura, Yozo  Search this
Philip, Rosalind Birnie, 1873-1958  Search this
Platt, Charles A. (Charles Adams), 1861-1933  Search this
Reid, Alexander  Search this
Rhoades, Katharine N., 1885-1965  Search this
Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus, 1848-1907  Search this
Steichen, Edward, 1879-1973  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946  Search this
Thayer, Abbott Handerson, 1849-1921  Search this
Tryon, Dwight William, 1849-1925  Search this
Walcott, Charles D. (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927  Search this
Warring, Joseph Stephens, 1863?-1944  Search this
Way, Thomas R. (Thomas Robert), 1861-1913  Search this
Whistler, Beatrix Philip Godwin, d. 1896  Search this
Whistler, James McNeill, 1834-1903  Search this
Wong, K. T.  Search this
Yue, Seaouke  Search this
Extent:
34 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1876-1931
Scope and Contents:
Papers concerning Freer's art collecting activities, including correspondence, diaries, art inventories, scrapbooks of clippings on James McNeil Whistler and other press clippings, and photographs. In addition to Freer's own correspondence, the papers include correspondence collected by Freer of James McNeill Whistler and of Whistler collector Richard A. Canfield, correspondence of Freer's assistant Katharine Nash Rhoades, and correspondence regarding Freer's bequest to the Smithsonian Institution.
Correspondence, ca. 1860-1921, includes Freer's correspondence, 1876-1920, with artists, dealers, collectors, museums, and public figures; 30 v. of letterpress books containing copies of letters sent, 1892-1910; correspondence collected by Freer of James McNeill Whistler, and his wife Beatrix, 186?-1909, with Lady Colin Campbell, Thomas R. Way, Alexander Reid, Whistler' mother, Mrs. George W. Whistler, and others; correspondence of Whistler collector Richard A. Canfield, 1904-1913, regarding works in Canfield's collection; and correspondence of Freer's assistant, Katharine Nash Rhoades, 1920-1921, soliciting Freer letters and regarding the settlement of his estate.
Also included are twenty-nine pocket diaries, 1889-1890, 1892-1898, 1900-1919, recording daily activities, people and places visited, observations, and comments; a diary kept by Freer's caretaker, Joseph Stephens Warring, recording daily activities at Freer's Detroit home, 1907-1910;
Inventories, n.d. and 1901-1921, of American, European, and Asian art in Freer's collection, often including provenance information; vouchers, 1884-1919, documenting his purchases; five volumes of scrapbooks of clippings on James McNeill Whistler, 1888-1931, labeled "Various," "Peacock Room," "Death, etc.," "Paris, etc.," and "Boston...London" ; three volumes of newsclippings, 1900-1930, concerning Freer and the opening of the Freer Gallery of Art;
correspondence regarding Freer's gift and bequest to the Smithsonian Institution, 1902-1916; and photographs, ca. 1880-1930, of Freer, including portraits by Alvin Langdon Coburn and Edward Steichen, Freer with others, Freer in Cairo, China and Japan, Freer's death mask, and his memorial service, Kyoto, 1930; photographs of artists and others, including Thomas Dewing, Ernest Fenellosa, Katharine Rhoades taken by Alfred Stieglitz, Rosalind B. Philip, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Abbott H. Thayer, Dwight Tryon, and Whistler; and photographs relating to Whistler, including art works depicting him, grave and memorial monuments, works of art, the Peacock Room, and Whistler's memorial exhibition at the Copley Society.
Among Freer's correspondents are: Otto Bacher, Bernard Berenson, Siegfried Bing, Laurence Binyon, W.K. Bixby, Sigisbert Chretien Bosch-Reitz, Charles H. Caffin, Colin Campbell, Richard Canfield, William Merritt Chase, Frederick Stuart Church, Alfred Vance Churchill, Thomas Wilmer Dewing, Arthur Wesley Dow, Ernest Fenollosa, Albert Gallatin, John Gellatly, Frederick W. Gookin, Sadakichi Hartmann, Frank J. Hecker, Dikran Kelekian, M. Knoedler & Co., Berthold Laufer, Lien Hui Ching Collection, W.A. Livingstone, Frederick McCormick, Bunkio Matsuki, Gari Melchers, Agnes Meyer, Eugene Meyer, Charles Moore, Yozo Nomura, Rosalind Birnie Philip, Charles A. Platt, Theodore Roosevelt, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, the Smithsonian Institution, Joseph Stephens Warring, Thomas Way, Abbott Handerson Thayer, Dwight W. Tryon, Charles Walcott of the Smithsonian Institution, Beatrix Whistler, James McNeill Whistler, K.T. Wong, Yamanaka & Co., and Seaouke Yue.
Arrangement:
All correspondence except letterpress books: arranged alphabetically by correspondent; letterpress books are chonological.
Biographical / Historical:
Art collector; Detroit, Michigan. Collected Asian, American, and European art, including a large collection of works by James McNeill Whistler. Founded the Freer Gallery of Art, which is now part of the Smithsonian Institution.
Provenance:
Selected for microfilming from the Charles Lang Freer papers at the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Microfilmed 1992 by the Archives of American Art with funding provided by the Smithsonian Institution's Office of Fellowships and Grants Research Resources Program. Portions of the correspondence and the letterpress books were previously filmed by the Freer in the 1970 (AAA reels 77, 453-456, and 1217-1232); those reels have been replaced by this microfilming project. See Finding Aid for information on papers not selected for microfilming.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Topic:
Art, Asian -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art, American -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.freechar
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-freechar

MS 4689 Matilda Coxe Stevenson Papers

Creator:
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Stevenson, James, 1840-1888  Search this
Evans, Alexander H.  Search this
Correspondent:
Anderson, Larz, 1866-1937  Search this
Avery, Rachel Foster  Search this
Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Douglass, William Boone  Search this
Eagle, Mary K.  Search this
Gill, Mary W.  Search this
Goode, G. Brown (George Brown), 1851-1896  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr., 1841-1935  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hornaday, W.T.  Search this
Leidy, Joseph  Search this
McGee, Anita Newcomb, 1864-1940  Search this
Meredith, Virginia C.  Search this
Moseley, A.N.  Search this
Nordhoff-Jung, Sophie  Search this
Pollard, Henry L.  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Schweizer, Herman  Search this
Sherman, William Tecumseh Lieut. General  Search this
True, Clara D.  Search this
Tylor, Edward Burnett  Search this
Walcott, Charles D. (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927  Search this
Bourke, John Gregory, 1846-1896  Search this
Names:
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Depicted:
Carson, Kit, 1809-1868  Search this
Darwin, Charles  Search this
Dickens, Charles, 1812-1870  Search this
Hayden, F. V. (Ferdinand Vandeveer), 1829-1887  Search this
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882  Search this
Sherman, William Tecumseh Lieut. General  Search this
Extent:
5 Linear feet
Culture:
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
ca. 1870-1910
Scope and Contents:
Most of Stevenson's scientific notes are included as separate items in the series of numbered manuscript and the papers of John Peabody Harrington. This particular set of materials is made up of papers that passed into the hands of the executor of her estate. It consists of a miscellany of letters, notes, legal documents, cartographic materials, genealogical materials, photographs, newspaper clippsing, other printed material, and other types of documents. Although tehc ollection largely concerns Stevenson, it also includes some material of her husband, James Stevenson, and members of her family, especially her father, Alexander H. Evans, a Washington, D.C. attorney.
Many of the documents concern Stevenson's field work among the Pueblo Indians and other official duties with the Smithsonian. some material relates to her activities with the World's Columbian Exposition and the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. A few items concern her membership in scientific organizations. Still other documents are of a personal nature, and some are mementoes, especially of James Stevenson. A significant group of documents concern Matilda CoxeStevenson's friendly and, later, very difficult relationship with Clara True.
The photographs include some items of ethnographic interest but it consists largely of portraits of James andMatilda Stevensonand Mrs. Stevenson's relatives. Also included are images in albums apparently gathered by Stevenson as a collector of photographs. They include images of Kit Carson, Charles Darwin, Charles Dickens, Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and William Tecumseh Shermn. In the albums are also a nubmer of photographic portraits with unidentified subjects, many of whom appear to be actors and actresses.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4689
Occupation:
Actors -- depicted  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4689, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4689
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4689

MS 2003-31 W J McGee biographical materials, photographs, and publications, 1883-1914, 1971

Collector:
McGee, Anita Newcomb, 1864-1940  Search this
Names:
Geikie, Archibald, Sir, 1835-1924  Search this
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Walcott, Charles D. (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927  Search this
Extent:
25 Items (2.5 linear inches (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Publications
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Materials kept by W.J. McGee's wife, Anita, pertaining to her husband. Contains W.J. McGee's obituary from The Evening Star; his memoir by N. H. Darton; notes on the life of McGee's father, James, as told by James to Anita; an article on McGee's daughter Klotho McGee Lattin which includes a brief section on McGee (Santa Cruz Sentinel, October 24, 1971); a bibliography of his writings; reprints of his publications that he inscribed to Anita; three photographs of McGee; and a photo of Sir Archibald Geikei, John Wesley Powell, and Charles Doolittle Walcott taken in May 1897 by H.F. Reid.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2003-31
Other Archival Materials:
The photo of Sir Archibald Geikei, John Wesley Powell, and Charles Doolittle Walcott is the same image as NAA Inv 02864600, which is available to view online.
Topic:
Geology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Publications
Citation:
Manuscript 2003-31, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2003-31
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2003-31

Charles M. Manly Papers

Creator:
Manly, Charles Matthews, 1876-1927  Search this
Names:
Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Adler, Cyrus, 1863-1940  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Lahm, Frank Purdy, 1877-1963  Search this
Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906  Search this
Manly, Charles Matthews, 1876-1927  Search this
Myers, Carl, 1842-1925  Search this
Post, Augustus  Search this
Walcott, Charles D. (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927  Search this
Extent:
0.9 Cubic feet (2 legal document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Publications
Correspondence
Programs
Clippings
Notebooks
Date:
1895-1925
bulk 1903-1915
Summary:
This collection consists of material relating to Manly's aeronautical career, specifically his work with Samuel Langley's Aerodrome. The material consists of programs, publications, newspaper clippings, work notebooks, waste books, (mostly letterpress) and correspondence between Manly and the aviation and Smithsonian communities, circa 1885-1925. Correspondents include the following personalities: Glenn Curtiss, Carl Myers, Charles Walcott, Frank Lahm, Cyrus Adler, Augustus Post, and Samuel Langley.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of material relating to Manly's aeronautical career, specifically his work with Samuel Langley's Aerodrome. The material consists of programs, publications, newspaper clippings, work notebooks, waste books, (mostly letterpress) and correspondence between Manly and the aviation and Smithsonian communities, circa 1885-1925. Correspondents include Samuel Langley, Charles Walcott and Richard Rathbun of the Smithsonian; Cyrus Adler, Glenn Curtiss, Benjamin D. Foulois, Carl Myers, Frank Lahm, and Augustus Post. Of particular interest is the correspondence between Manly and Smithsonian Secretary Charles Walcott on Manly's work on the preparation of the Langley Memoir on Mechanical Flight for publication between 1908 to 1911; and his correspondence with Glenn Curtiss concerning the test flights of the rebuilt Great Aerodrome on Lake Keuka, Hammondsport, New York, in 1914, and the resulting controversy between the Smithsonian and Orville Wright.

Researchers may also wish to consult the National Air and Space Archives Division's Samuel P. Langley Collection (Accession No. XXXX-0494), and these collections held by the Smithsonian Institution Archives:

Record Unit 31, Office of the Secretary, Correspondence, 1866-1906, with related records to 1927.

Record Unit 34, Office of the Secretary, Correspondence, 1887-1907

Record Unit 7268, J. Elfreth Watkins Collection, 1869, 1881-1903, 1953, 1966 and undated.
Arrangement:
The Charles M. Manly Papers are organized in three series:

Series I --Letter Copy Books and Notebooks

Letter copy books were used to make and preserve copies of letters and memoranda --one placed a sheet of oiled paper under a page of the copy book, dampened the tissue copy page, then laid the original letter in the book under pressure for a few seconds. The quality of the copies ranges from quite readable to very faint. Because of the fragility of the paper, Archives Division staff should be consulted before working with the material.

The two notebooks in the series (Folder 4) were carried by Manly in his day to day work on the Aerodrome project and contain his notes on the progress of the work.

Series II --Correspondence

Letters in this series are arranged by year.

Series III --Additional Material

Newspaper clippings, Manly Family records, a photograph of Langley's Aerodrome No.5 in flight, and miscellaneous material.
Biographical/Historical note:
On May 9, 1898, Smithsonian Secretary Samuel P. Langley wrote to Professor Robert Thurston of Cornell University, looking for a "young man who is morally trustworthy ('a good fellow') with some gumption and a professional training" to serve as Langley's assistant in his aeronautical work. Thurston recommended a senior majoring in electrical and mechanical engineering, Charles Matthews Manly (1876-1927) of Staunton, Virginia. Langley hired Manly and placed him in charge of the construction of his Great Aerodrome, the large manned aircraft being built under the sponsorship of the Army's Board of Ordnance and Fortification. One of Manly's main contributions to the project was his vastly improved redesign of Stephen M. Balzer's five-cylinder water-cooled radial gasoline engine. Manly piloted the Great Aerodrome on its two unsuccessful launch attempts in 1903. He resigned from the Smithsonian in 1905. Manly served as a consulting aviation engineer for different government agencies and corporations, including the British War Office, 1915; the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Corporation 1915-1919 (from 1919-1920 as the assistant general manger); and as a member of the US Commission to the International Aircraft Conference, London, 1918. Manly also completed and edited Langley's Memoir on Mechanical Flight which was published by the Smithsonian in 1911. Manly was granted over fifty 50 patents relating to automotive transportation, power generation, and transmission. In 1929, Manly was posthumously awarded the Langley Medal for outstanding aeronautical achievements.
Provenance:
Brian Bailey, gift, 1998, 1999-0004, deed pending.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Airplanes -- Motors  Search this
Test pilots  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Langley Aerodrome Family  Search this
Genre/Form:
Publications
Correspondence
Programs
Clippings
Notebooks
Citation:
Charles M. Manly Papers, Acc. 1999-0004, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsoinan Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1999.0004
See more items in:
Charles M. Manly Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1999-0004
Online Media:

Langley Experiments Scrapbooks

Creator:
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Names:
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906  Search this
Walcott, Charles D. (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic feet ((1 slim legal box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Date:
1914-1915
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of two scrapbooks kept by Glenn H. Curtiss and filled with photographs of himself and Samuel Langley. The photos show the two men and their experiments with Langley's aircraft, the Langley Aerodrome. The trial flights were conducted on Lake Kewka, near Hammondsport, NY. Each photo is labeled with a caption and a date. The second (chronologically) book of the set is a continuation of the photos of the Langley experiments by Glenn H. Curtiss, and while the photos are numbered, they have no captions or labeling on them. Some dates are available on the photos. Curtiss' autograph appears inside the cover of one scrapbook.
Biographical / Historical:
Nine days before the Wright brothers' first successful flight, Smithsonian Secretary Samuel Langley had the trial for his steam-powered machine, called the Great Aerodrome. Heavily funded by the United States government, the Aerodrome broke apart almost immediately upon takeoff in a highly-publicized event, and Langley and the Smithsonian Institution suffered embarrassment over the incident. After Langley passed away in 1906, his successor, Charles Walcott, claimed that although Langley may not have flown that December morning the Aerodrome was certainly capable of it. Walcott's "proof" was in a rebuilt version of Langley's Aerodrome, which was later successfully flown by American airplane manufacturer Glenn Curtiss. Curtiss, who was engaged in a patent suit with the Wright brothers, rebuilt and flew Langley's Aerodrome with 1914 modifications with the hope of showing the courts that the Wrights did not invent the airplane. While Curtiss eventually lost the patent suit, the flight was used by the Smithsonian to redeem Langley's role in the history of flight.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Glenn H. Curtiss, gift, unknown, XXXX-0294, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Aeronautics -- Law and legislation  Search this
Langley Aerodrome Family  Search this
Langley Aerodrome A (Great Aerodrome, Man-Carrying Aerodrome)  Search this
Langley Aerodrome A, Curtiss 1914 Rebuild  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0294
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0294

MS 4024-c Personal letters received by John Wesley Powell

Collector:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Correspondent:
Becker, G. F.  Search this
Bell, Alexander G.  Search this
Croly, D. G. Mrs  Search this
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885  Search this
Horsford, Eben Norton, 1818-1893  Search this
McDonald, J. Wade  Search this
Minot, Charles F.  Search this
Nestler, Julius  Search this
Niblack, S. S.  Search this
Owen, Edward T.  Search this
Parkman, Francis  Search this
Peñafiel, Antonio, 1830-1922  Search this
Powell, Joseph  Search this
Powers, Stephen, 1840-1904  Search this
Sayles, Ira  Search this
Shaler, N. S.  Search this
Spencer, Herbert  Search this
Tylor, Edward Burnett  Search this
Vogdes, A. W.  Search this
Walcott, Charles D. (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927  Search this
Walker  Search this
Hare, William H.  Search this
Welling, James  Search this
Addressee:
Call, W., Hon  Search this
Names:
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885  Search this
Hinman, Samuel Dutton, 1839-1890  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1880-1907
Scope and Contents:
Contents: Becker, G. F. San Francisco, California. June 24, 1884. 1 page. Asking to be relieved of an inefficient clerical helper. Bell, Alexander G. Washington, D. C. December 17, 1884. 1 page. Invitation to dinner. Croly, Mrs D. G. New York City. 1884. 3 pages. Requesting photographs for International Bazaar at Cassel, Germany. Cushing, Frank Hamilton. Shelter Island, New York. October 31, 1885. 4 pages. Expressing appreciation for Powell's consideration during Cushing's illness. Grant, U. S. New York City. August 23, 1883. 2 pages. Requesting job for a widow. Horsford, E. N. Cambridge, England. November 19, 1883. 4 pages. Expressing strong interest in Cushing's field work and notes, and concern for his health. McDonald, J. Wade. Winfield, Kansas. January 6, 1896. 1 page. Concerning Powell's "The Organization of Scientific Work." Minot, Charles F. Boston, Massachusetts. November 7, 1884. 1 page. Enclosing letters referring to chairmanship of Committee on the international Congress. (Letters returned.) Nestler, Julius. Prague, Austria. November 17, 1907. [Date correct; salutation, "Dear Sir."] Re his proposed expedition to Bolivia. Niblack, S. S. to Hon. W. Call. Lake City, Florida. January 19, 1884. 2 pages. Enclosed with letter to Powell (missing). Re employment of one of Niblack family. Owen, Edward T. Madison, Wisconsin. May 7, 1901. 3 pages. Transmitting his article on pronouns (?). Parkman, F[rancis]. Boston. April 12, 1882. 3 pages. Concerning Bandelier's expeditions; and impression of F. H. Cushing. Penafiel, Antonio. Mexico City. February 27, 1886. 1 page. 7 transl., 1 page. Transmitting publications. Powell, Joseph. Towanda, Pennsylvania. May 13, 1884. 2 pages. Genealogical inquiry. Powers, Stephen. Waterford, Ohio. December 31, 1880. 2 pages. Sayles, Ira. Strawberry Plains, Tennessee. August 16, 1885. 5 pages. Enclosing 2 poems on Ulysses S. Grant. Shaler, N. S. Cambridge, Massachusetts. October 17 and 26, 1886. 2, 2 pages. Social invitations. Spencer, Herbert. Bayswater, W., England. July 2, 1883. 4 pages. Expressing interest in the Annual Reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology. Tylor, Edward B. Oxford, England. May 16 and October 17, 1884. 4, 4 pages. Concerning his trip to the U. S. and Canada. Vogdes, A. W. Governor's Island, New York. October 2, 1884. 3 pages. Re attack on a party of hunters ca. 1873 by Sioux Indians near Fort Fetterman. Walcott, Charles D. New York City. July 28, 1881. 3 pages. Re increase in salary. Walker, , Supt. of Census. Washington, D. C. August, 7, 1880. 1 page. Enclosing William H. Hare to Gen. Walker, August 3, 1880, 1 page. Re conduct of Samuel D. Hinman. Welling, James C. Washington, D. C. September 7, 1884. 2 pages. October 3, 1884. 3 pages. Re Powell's making Inaugural Address at New School of Science and Arts of the University of .
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4024-c
Topic:
Expeditions -- Bandelier  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4024-c, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4024C
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4024c

MS 2415 Notes relating to a birch-bark record found in a wooden box near Fairfield, Iowa

Creator:
Griffith, Thomas Jefferson  Search this
Correspondent:
Browning, John G.  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Walcott, Charles D. (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Includes photos of site and objects, letters from J.G. Browning, J.W. Fewkes, and C.D. Walcott, affidavit of T.J. Griffith, and newspaper clippings.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2415
Topic:
Birch bark  Search this
Pictographs -- Iowa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Manuscript 2415, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2415
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2415

Bailey Willis Glass Plate Photonegatives Collection

Creator:
Willis, Bailey, 1857-1949  Search this
Names:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Walcott, Charles D. (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927  Search this
Willis, Bailey, 1857-1949  Search this
Extent:
160 Items (Glass plate photonegatives, Box 1-13, 12.7x20.3 cm, 15.2x25.4 cm)
119 Items (Modern copy prints, Box 14-15, 12x19.5 cm)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass negatives, modern copy prints
Place:
Japan
China
Date:
circa 1904
Scope and Contents:
Bailey Willis Glass Plate Photonegatives Collection consists of 160 glass plate photonegatives and 119 modern copy prints mostly of Japanese subjects. Depicting Meiji-era Japan and traditional paintings, the photographs are attributed to the prominent American geologist Bailey Willis, who travelled to Japan in 1904 in his return trip from China to the U.S. From 1903 to 1904, Willis led a scientific expedition to China to conduct geological and paleontological investigations under the auspices of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. The expedition was proposed by Dr. Charles D. Walcott, the Director of the U.S. Geological Survey, who would become the fourth Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution in 1907. After the expedition, the Smithsonian Institution took custody of 375 glass plate photonegatives taken by Willis during his Chinese expedition. The current Willis Collection does not retain Chinese glass plate photonegatives, which appear to be housed in the Huntington Library. Twelve original prints of China are in the Charles Lang Freer Papers, acquired by Freer directly from Willis. The Willis Collection richly documents Japanese local scenes, people, buildings, industries, agriculture, and art. It also contains a small number of Middle Eastern and Western images. These photographs are thought to be taken and/or purchased by Willis during his short stay in Japan in 1904, although there is no direct evidence that Willis was the original photographer of any or all of these. Since there are many views of locations that Willis never visited, it seems likely that the plates were acquired from another photographer.
Arrangement:
Box 1-3 Japanese paintings; Box 4-11 Japanese scenes; Box 12 Middle Eastern scenes, miscellaneous; Box 13 Western scenes, miscellaneous; Box 14 Japanese painting and scenes; Box 15 Japanese scenes
Biographical / Historical:
Bailey Willis was born at his parents' country estate at Idlewild-on-Hudson, near Cornwall, New York in 1857. He was the son of Nathaniel Parker Willis, a poet and journalist, and Cornelia (Grinnell) Willis of the prominent New England Grinnell family. His maternal granduncle, Henry Grinnell, was a benefactor of Arctic expeditions. His mother was instrumental in nurturing young Willis's interest in nature and exploration. After his father's death when Willis was ten years old, his mother, concerned about her son's "tendency to dream ineffectually," decided to train him in the stern disciplines of mathematics and science (Willis, A Yanqui in Patagonia 4). At the age of thirteen, Willis began schooling in Germany, where he received rigorous Prussian education.
Returning to New York in 1874, Willis entered the School of Mines at Columbia University, graduating with degrees in Mining Engineering in 1878 and Civil Engineering in 1879. After graduation Willis worked as an assistant for Raphael Pumpelly, a prominent geologist, by estimating iron and coal resources for the Northern Pacific Railroad. Geological work in the Pacific Northwest convinced Willis to support the preservation of Mount Rainier and its surroundings. The Mount Rainier National Park was established by law in 1899.
In 1882 Willis married his cousin Altona Holstein Grinnell. After her death in 1896, he married Margaret Delight Baker, daughter of anatomist Frank Baker. Margaret assisted Willis as draftsman and secretary.
Willis first earned international recognition as a geologist in the field of structural geology. Following the bankruptcy of the Northern Pacific Railway in 1884, Willis worked on assignments from the United States Geological Survey. While working in the southern Appalachian Mountains, he became interested in what had caused folding and faulting. By using laboratory experiments, Willis investigated the conditions causing the deformation of strata and published his new interpretation of the deformation in the report "The Mechanics of Appalachian Structure" (1893). This study established him as one of the country's leading structural geologists. His later book Geologic Structures (1923) went into three editions.
In addition to geological studies in the United States, Willis actively engaged himself in foreign expeditions throughout his life. From 1903 to1904, Willis led a scientific expedition to China under the auspices of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. With Eliot Blackwelder, an associate geologist, and R. H. Sargent, a topographer, the expedition investigated the geomorphology, stratigraphy, and paleontology of the country. The result of the expedition appeared as Research in China in 1907, which won a gold medal from the Geographic Society of France. Furthermore, in recognition of this work, Willis was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Berlin in 1910. In the same year the Argentine government invited Willis to conduct a geological survey of Patagonia for the region's irrigation potential.
In 1915, at age 59, Willis accepted a position of Chairman of the Department of Geology at Stanford University, where he remained affiliated as a professor emeritus after his retirement. In California, Willis extended his research to the area of seismology, and served as President of the Seismological Society of America. Believing in the permanence of continents, he held an oppositional view to the continental drift theories. In 1949, Willis died in Palo Alto, California at age 91.
Local Numbers:
FSA A1991.06
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Geology  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives, Modern copy prints
Citation:
Bailey Willis Glass Plate Photonegatives Collection. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A1991.06
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a1991-06
Online Media:

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