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Byron H. Gurnsey stereograph collection

Creator:
Gurnsey, B. H. (Byron H.), 1833-1880  Search this
Hamilton, C.L.  Search this
Hamilton, J. H. (James H.)  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Linear feet
9 Stereographs
Culture:
Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Stereographs
Place:
Sioux City (Iowa)
Date:
1865-1870
Summary:
This collection consists of nine stereographic images depicting individuals from Ho-Chunk (Winnebago), Nakota (Yankton Sioux), and Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux) communities in the vicinity of Sioux City, Iowa, between approximately 1865 and 1870.
Scope and Contents:
The Byron H. Gurnsey stereograph collection consists of nine stereographic images taken between approximately 1865 and 1870 near Sioux City, Iowa. The stereographic photos depict men and women from Ho-Chunk (Winnebago), Nakota (Yankton Sioux), and Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux) communities, and include studio portraits as well as less formalized photographs shot outside of the studio on Native reservations. Some of the more notable photographs include images of Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) leaders Gray Wolf and Standing Buffalo.

While several of the images in this collection lack attribution or even list Charles L. Hamilton or his brother James H. Hamilton as the possible creators of these photographs, evidence points to Byron H. Gurnsey as the original photographer. The Hamilton brothers operated a photo studio in Sioux City at this time, as did Gurnsey, and after Gurnsey sold his studio in 1871 and relocated to Colorado, the Hamilton brothers continued to reproduce many of Gurnsey's photos with their own imprint.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into folders by cultural group.
Biographical / Historical:
Byron H. Gurnsey was born in New York state in 1833. After serving with the Union Army from 1861 until 1866, Gurnsey set up a photo studio in Sioux City, Iowa, primarily photographing non-Native soldiers at local forts and Native communities living in the area around Sioux City. Partnering with W.H. Illingworth in Sioux City, Gurnsey shot studio portrait photographs of Native community members and delegations passing through the area on their way to and from Washington, DC. During this time Gurnsey reportedly advertised his photo studio as Sioux City's "Headquarters for Stereoscopic Views and Indian Pictures." On at least one occasion he also traveled to the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska to document the Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) peoples living there.

In 1871 Gurnsey decided to sell his Sioux City photo studio along with many of his previous Native American portraiture shots to the brothers Charles L., James H., and Grant Hamilton, who also operated a photo studio in Sioux City. By the following year Gurnsey and his family were living in Colorado, where he set up photo studios first in Pueblo and then later in Colorado Springs. While living in Colorado for the remainder of his days, Gurnsey continued to take stereographic views of the local scenery and neighboring Native communities, much as he had done earlier in Iowa. Byron H. Gurnsey died in 1880, and his widow, Delilah Simpson Gurnsey, thereafter briefly operated his studio until approximately 1882.
Related Materials:
Byron H. Gurnsey, Charles L. Hamilton, and James H. Hamilton images of Native American communities photographed between approximately 1865 and 1870 in the vicinity of Sioux City, Iowa, exist in many archival collections throughout the U.S. and Europe, including in the Smithsonian Institution's National Anthropological Archives, Newberry Library, the Library of Congress, and the British Museum in London.
Provenance:
Gift from the Historical Society of Washington, DC, in 2003.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Genre/Form:
Stereographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Byron H. Gurnsey stereograph collection, NMAI.AC.359; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.359
See more items in:
Byron H. Gurnsey stereograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-359
Online Media:

Unidentified Sioux individuals

Collection Creator:
Gurnsey, B. H. (Byron H.), 1833-1880  Search this
Hamilton, C.L.  Search this
Hamilton, J. H. (James H.)  Search this
Extent:
1 Stereograph
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereographs
Date:
1865-1870
Scope and Contents:
Photograph of unidentified individuals, possibly from either Nakota (Yankton Sioux) or Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux) communities. Probably photographed by Byron H. Gurnsey or Charles L. Hamilton in the vicinity of Sioux City, Iowa. Reverse of photo includes the following writing: "Ebuhoni ba tent Awoha."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Byron H. Gurnsey stereograph collection, NMAI.AC.359; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.359, Item P28565
See more items in:
Byron H. Gurnsey stereograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-359-ref6

Sioux Indians traveling

Collection Creator:
Gurnsey, B. H. (Byron H.), 1833-1880  Search this
Hamilton, C.L.  Search this
Hamilton, J. H. (James H.)  Search this
Extent:
1 Stereograph
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereographs
Date:
1865-1870
Scope and Contents:
Photograph of unidentified individuals, possibly from either Nakota (Yankton Sioux) or Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux) communities. Probably photographed by Byron H. Gurnsey or Charles L. Hamilton in the vicinity of Sioux City, Iowa.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Byron H. Gurnsey stereograph collection, NMAI.AC.359; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.359, Item P28570
See more items in:
Byron H. Gurnsey stereograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-359-ref8

Santee Sioux women

Collection Creator:
Gurnsey, B. H. (Byron H.), 1833-1880  Search this
Hamilton, C.L.  Search this
Hamilton, J. H. (James H.)  Search this
Extent:
1 Stereograph
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereographs
Date:
1865-1870
Scope and Contents:
Studio portrait of two Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux) women. Probably photographed by Byron H. Gurnsey in his Sioux City, Iowa, photo studio.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Byron H. Gurnsey stereograph collection, NMAI.AC.359; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.359, Item P28571
See more items in:
Byron H. Gurnsey stereograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-359-ref9

Wahpetonwan Dakota delegate, Washington. D.C.

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Container:
Oversize Box 8
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
February 23, 1867
Scope and Contents:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux) delegate Wabash (Red Ensign).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077, File P10151
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs / Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C. / 3.2: Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-077-ref51

Septima V. Koehler collection

Creator:
Koehler, Septima, 1848-1918  Search this
Names:
St. Elizabeth's School (Wakpala, S.D.)  Search this
Deloria, Philip Joseph  Search this
Hare, William Hobart, 1838-1909  Search this
Extent:
39 Photographic prints
0.4 Linear feet (1 Document Box)
Culture:
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota [Rosebud Sioux]  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Letters (correspondence)
Place:
Rosebud Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)
South Dakota
Date:
1890-1905
Summary:
The Septima Koehler collection includes photographic prints, correspondence and student papers that document Septima's work as a mission teacher for the Episcopal Church in South Dakota from around 1895 to 1905. Koehler taught Sicangu Lakota students at St. Mary's Mission School on the Rosebud Reservation and Hunkpapa Lakota students at St. Elizatbeth's Mission School on the Standing Rock Reservation.
Scope and Contents:
The Septima Koehler collection includes photographic prints, letters, essays and student papers that document Septima's work as a mission teacher for the Episcopal Church in South Dakota from around 1895 to 1905. The collection has been divided into two series, Series 1: St. Mary's Mission School, circa 1895 and Series 2: St. Elizabeth's Mission School, circa 1899-1905. Series 1 includes photographic prints shot at St. Mary's Mission School on the Rosebud Reservation, South Dakota. Septima Koehler taught there in the early to mid-1890s but it is unclear when the photographs were taken since the photographer is unknown. The majority of the photographs in the collection were shot at St. Elizabeth's Mission School in Wakpala on the Standing Rock Reservation, South Dakota which are a part of Series 2. These were taken between 1899 and 1902 and several include shots of Septima Koehler herself which suggest they were shot by someone who knew her. There are also a number of portraits of Lakota students who attended the school, some identified with names on the backs of the photographs, including members of the Deloria family among others. There is also a group portrait from the 1903 teacher institute held at Standing Rock organized by A.O. Wright, Supervisor of Indian Schools. In addition to the photographs, there are essays and lesson plans written by Koehler, a letter from Septima Koehler to her sister Aurora from 1902 describing the start of the school year and student papers and work sheets produced by the Native American students (mostly Hunkpapa Lakota) attending the school as well as a student roll book. There are also name and receipt books from Koehler's work with the "Babies' Branch", a missionary outfit that raised money specifically for children.

The majority of the photographic prints in this collection are silver gelatin and most of the St. Elizabeth's photographs are both circular and matted. The prints have catalog numbers P19485-P19523.
Arrangement:
Arranged in two series; Series 1: St. Mary's Mission School, circa 1895 and Series 2: St. Elizabeth's Mission School, circa 1899-1905.
Biographical / Historical:
Septima Koehler (1848-1918) was one of seven children born to Herman and Aurore Koehler in Indiana. Both Septima and her sister Aurora worked as schoolteachers in southeasters Indiana from 1867 to about 1890 when the sisters began their mission work for the Episcopal Church. Around 1895 Septima was appointed by Bishop William Hobart Hare to teach at St. Mary's Mission School on the Rosebud Reservation while Aurora took a job as a librarian in Aberdeen, South Dakota. Only a few years later, around 1899, she was appointed to St. Elizabeth's mission school on the Standing Rock reservation where she taught under Principal Mary E. Francis. In addition to her teaching duties, Koehler also lectured on the importance of health and hygiene at reservation boarding schools, participating in the 1903 Standing Rock Institute organizing by A.O. Wright, supervisor of Indian Schools for the department of the Interior.

Between 1906 and 1908, the Koehler sisters moved to Nashville Tennessee to work within the African American community and from 1908-1909 they worked in a mill in LaGrange, Georgia. Septima died in Hagerstown, Maryland in 1918 from pneumonia.
Related Materials:
The Hutchings-Koehler Family Papers, 1699–1916, can be found in the Manuscript and Visual Collections Department William Henry Smith Memorial Library Indiana Historical Society. This includes correspondence and notebooks from Septima Koehler during this same time period in South Dakota.
Separated Materials:
Archaeological and ethnographic plains materials collected by Septima Koehler and inherited by her great-niece Elizabeth Kelemen can be found in the NMAI ethnographic collections. They have catalog numbers 23/8260 – 23/8319. There are also 14 sketches from St. Mary's Mission students with catalog numbers 25/1093 – 25/1101.
Provenance:
Donated to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in 1970 by Pal and Elizabeth Zulauf Kelemen. Elizabeth Kelemen was the great-niece of Septima Koehler.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Women in the Episcopal Church  Search this
Education -- Mission School  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Notebooks  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence)
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Septima Koehler Collection (NMAI.AC.319), Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.319
See more items in:
Septima V. Koehler collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-319
Online Media:

Portrait of Doctor Charles A. Eastman (Wahpetonwan Dakota)

Collection Creator:
Koehler, Septima, 1848-1918  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 7
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1900
Scope and Contents:
Outdoor portrait of Wahpetonwan Dakota doctor Charles A. Eastman standing in front of St. Elizabeth's Mission school on the Standing Rock Reservation, South Dakota. Both Eastman and his wife Elaine Goodale were outspoken about their beliefs on the education of Native American children.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Septima Koehler Collection (NMAI.AC.319), Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.319, Item P19516
See more items in:
Septima V. Koehler collection
Septima V. Koehler collection / Series 2: St. Elizabeth's Mission School / 2.1: St. Elizabeth's Mission School: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-319-ref36

Alanson Buck Skinner photograph collection

Photographer:
Van Schaick, C.J.  Search this
Smith, Huron H. (Huron Herbert), 1883-1933  Search this
Creator:
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Extent:
454 negatives (photographic)
99 Photographic prints (black and white)
5 lantern slides
Culture:
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Iowa  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Odawa (Ottawa)  Search this
Plains Cree (Prairie Cree)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Bribri  Search this
Plains Ojibwa (Bungi)  Search this
Cayuga  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa  Search this
Saulteaux  Search this
Shinnecock  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
James Bay Cree  Search this
Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Potawatomi [Forest County, Wisconsin]  Search this
Kesagami (Kesagmi) Cree  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Lantern slides
Negatives
Place:
Minnesota
Wisconsin
Costa Rica
Oklahoma
Mexico
Canada
Florida
New York
New Mexico
Wyoming
Date:
circa 1870 to before 1926
Summary:
Tribes covered in the photographs are: Arapaho, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Iowa, Iroquois, Mahican, Menomini, Ojibwa, Oto, Plains Cree, Potawatomi, Seminole, Seri, Shinnecock, Sioux, Winnebago, Zuni Pueblo. The majority of photographs (552) have Skinner listed as the photographer and presumably are photographs he took on his expeditions. However, 104 photos are of the Seminole in Florida. According to Dennis P. Carey's biography of Skinner (Unpublished? 1980) Julian Q. Dimock, a well-known photographer, accompanied him on his expedition to the Seminole in Florida; how many of the photos were taken by Dimock is unknown, but he is listed as the photographer for 23 of them. Skinner's other photographs are of the Seneca Iroquois in New York; the Zuni Pueblo and Hawikku site; several tribes in Wisconsin; the Chippewa in Minnesota; and miscellaneous shots taken in Canada, Costa Rica, Florida and New York. Two photographs of the Mahican were taken by Huron H. Smith (1923) and two of the Winnebago were taken by C.J. Van Schaick (c. 1870). The remaining photographs have no photographer listed but were in Skinner's collection of photographs and are of varying tribes with dates ranging from 1909 to 1923.
Arrangement note:
Collection arranged by item number.
Biographical/Historical note:
Alanson Buck Skinner was born in Buffalo, New York, on September 7, 1886. His parents moved to Staten Island, New York, when Alanson was still very young. There Alanson met W.T. Davis who taught him to find arrowheads and other traces of ancient Indian life. When he was older he consulted with Prof. F.W. Putnam and George H. Pepper at the American Museum of Natural History about his interest. In the summer of 1902 Skinner went on his first fieldwork expedition near Shinnecock Hills, Long Island, for the American Museum of Natural History with Arthur C. Parker and Mark R. Harrington. Two years later Skinner and Harrington went on another archeological expedition in western New York State for the Peabody Museum and while there he attended his first Native ceremony on the Cattaraugus reservation. After high school Skinner joined the staff of the AMNH as an assistant in anthropology. In 1908 he led an expedition to Hudson Bay to study the Cree Indians. In 1910 he went to Wisconsin where he met John V. Satterlee, part Menomini, and Judge Sabatis Perote, a full-blooded Menomini, who adopted him into the tribe under the Thunder clan name of Sekosa or "Little Weasel." He later went on expeditions to collect from the Seminoles in the Florida Everglades, and other tribes in Wisconsin, Oklahoma, and other states. During these years he was also studying anthropology at Columbia under Boas, Farrand, Saville, and Bandelier, and at Harvard under Dixon, Tozzer, and Farrabee. In 1916 Skinner joined the Museum of the American Indian and remained there until 1920, when he took a position as curator of anthropology at the Public Museum of Milwaukee. He returned to the MAI in 1924 where he remained until his untimely death on August 17, 1925 in a car accident in North Dakota. He was a member of the American Anthropological Association, the Wisconsin Archeological Society, the Explorer's Club, a York Rite Mason and a Shriner. A more detailed biography by Dennis P. Carey (1980) can be found in the vertical file. A complete bibliography of Skinner's writings can be found in Indian Notes, Vol. II, No. 4 (October 1925).
Restrictions:
Access restricted. Researchers should contact the staff of the NMAI Archives for an appointment to access the collection.
Topic:
Indians of Mexico  Search this
Indians of North America -- Wisconsin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Lakes Region  Search this
Indians of North America -- New York (State)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern states  Search this
Indians of North America -- New Mexico  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographic prints
Lantern slides
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.036
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-036

Joseph C. Park collection of lantern slides

Collector:
Park, Joseph C., 1872-  Search this
Extent:
31 lantern slides
1 Poster
Container:
Box 1
Map-case 13
Culture:
Cherokee  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Ephemera
Lantern slides
Posters
Place:
Indian Territory (U.S.A)
Date:
circa 1880-1901
Summary:
The Joseph C. Park collection of lantern slides contains 31 lantern slides and 1 poster that were used by Joseph C. Park for his lectures on Indians of North America. Park was the Principal of the Cherokee Baptist Academy located at Tahlequah Indian Territory (today Oklahoma) from 1896 to 1901.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 31 lantern slides and 1 poster that were used by Joseph C. Park for his lectures on Indians of North America. Park was the Principal of the Cherokee Baptist Academy located at Tahlequah Indian Territory (today Oklahoma) from 1896 to 1901.

The lantern slides depict Cherokee Baptist Academy students including the 1899 football team; female seminary building in Tahlequah; as well as the gallows (for public hangings) at Tahlequah. Other lantern slides depict portraits of Set-Imkia, also known as Stumbling Bear (Kiowa Chief); Sitting Bull (Lakota); Pe-ji (Grass Blackbear); A.L. Lacie and Wolf Coon; a Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux) man with an amputated leg; a Paiute man; a Cheyenne boy; Dr. J. S. Murrow, and General George Armstrong Custer.

A few lantern slides depict drawings such as the capture and death of Sitting Bull; the battle of Big Horn and Custer's last charge; and a drawing depicting an Indian burial (restricted). Several lantern slides also depict wigwam or wickuup structures and scenes in Alaska including totem poles.

Some slides were produced by the American Museum of Natural History in New York and Kurz and Allison, Pub. in Chicago.

The poster depicts a photo of Joseph C. Park and reads, "Illustrated lecture / Joseph C. Park / Subjects 1. The Indians of North America / Illustrated by beautiful calcium light views. Many of these pictures were taken from life by the lecturer during his sojourn among the Indians in Indian Territory. 2. The life of our Savior, or Jesus, the Nazarine / Illustrated by beautiful calcium light views taken from the world's greatest paintings. / Mr. Park was Principal of Cherokee Baptist Academy, a large Indian School located at Tahlequah, Ind. Ter., for a period of five years. He has made an extended study of the "Indian Problem" and comes highly recommended as a lecturer."
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged by subject matter.
Biographical / Historical:
Joseph Charles Park was born in Big Flats, New York in 1872 and went on to graduate from Cornell University and Syracuse University. From 1896 to 1901, Park served as the principal of the Cherokee Baptist Academy. This Indian boarding and day school was located on a 160-acre farm in Tahlequah, Indian Territory (today Oklahoma) and was run by the American Baptist Home Mission Society.
Provenance:
Gift of Donald Weber, 2019.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Some images in this collection are restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Cultural assimilation  Search this
Indians of North America -- Education  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Joseph C. Park collectino of lantern slides, NMAI.AC.387; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.387
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-387

Bag

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Object Name:
Bag
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Edge beaded , lazy/lane stitch beadwork
Object Type:
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Place:
Eastern Plains; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
19/6764
Barcode:
196764.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6cdc79958-2bec-478f-a7d4-7e360eb5f255
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_210203
Online Media:

Mat

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Charles A. Eastman (Charles Alexander Eastman/Ohiyesa), Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux), 1858-1939  Search this
Object Name:
Mat
Media/Materials:
Cedar bark, dye/dyes, cordage
Techniques:
Dyed, twill-plaited
Object Type:
Furnishings (Home)
Place:
Minnesota; USA
Date created:
1890-1910
Catalog Number:
2/7340
Barcode:
027340.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa
Furnishings (Home)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws66f46bcfe-5a86-4eaa-906b-47746ae9260b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_29170
Online Media:

Medicine bag (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Previous owner:
Huhazizi (Yellow Legs), Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux), ca. 1826-1906  Search this
Collector:
Amos Oneroad (Amos Enos One Road), Sisitonwan Dakota (Sisseton Sioux), 1884-1937  Search this
Alanson B. Skinner (A. B. Skinner/Alanson Buck Skinner), Non-Indian, 1886-1925  Search this
Object Name:
Medicine bag (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Loon skin/skins
Techniques:
Sewn
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Nebraska; USA
Catalog Number:
13/3951
Barcode:
133951.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws63fedb63b-ffe0-4a68-ab34-dc2a7a1e58dd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_143966

Tipi liner

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Object Name:
Tipi liner
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
178 x 197 x 178 cm
Object Type:
Architecture/Housing
Place:
Eastern Plains; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
19/6767
Barcode:
196767.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Architecture/Housing
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws681221e54-87c8-4830-bdbc-550ec76c1844
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_210206

Bow and arrow model/miniature

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Collector:
Major John H. Waugh, Non-Indian, 1853-1894  Search this
Previous owner:
Major John H. Waugh, Non-Indian, 1853-1894  Search this
Edna B. Waugh, Non-Indian, 1883-1967  Search this
J. Harold Waugh (John Harold Waugh), Non-Indian, 1878-1956  Search this
Ella Hammond Waugh (Mrs. John H. Waugh), Non-Indian, 1853-1946  Search this
Honoree:
Major John H. Waugh, Non-Indian, 1853-1894  Search this
Object Name:
Bow and arrow model/miniature
Media/Materials:
Wood, iron point, sinew, paint
Techniques:
Carved, tied, painted
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation); Benson County, Nelson County, Ramsey County, Eddy County; North Dakota; USA
Catalog Number:
20/4571
Barcode:
204571.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws648520149-b90f-486d-b0f4-5a173bce12b6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_218565
Online Media:

Powder horn

Culture/People:
Ontario Ojibwe  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Charles A. Eastman (Charles Alexander Eastman/Ohiyesa), Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux), 1858-1939  Search this
Object Name:
Powder horn
Media/Materials:
Cow horn
Techniques:
Cut, incised
Object Type:
Firearms and accessories
Place:
North Bay; Rainy Lake Reserve; Rainy River District; Ontario; Canada
Date created:
1900-1910
Catalog Number:
2/7994
Barcode:
027994.000
See related items:
Ontario Ojibwe
Firearms and accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws65c5e40e1-f2a6-4c01-a1a7-07a1fc4ed45d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_29426
Online Media:

Hide scraper handle

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Previous owner:
Anderson Crawford, Sisitonwan Dakota (Sisseton Sioux)  Search this
Collector:
Alanson B. Skinner (A. B. Skinner/Alanson Buck Skinner), Non-Indian, 1886-1925  Search this
Object Name:
Hide scraper handle
Media/Materials:
Elk antler
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Hide working tools
Place:
North Dakota; USA
Catalog Number:
14/2856
Barcode:
142856.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Hide working tools
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f7191edd-bd4e-43d0-8506-869592f84df3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_153535
Online Media:

Paint and paint bag (No image available)

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Previous owner:
Hannah Grayshawl, Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Collector:
Alanson B. Skinner (A. B. Skinner/Alanson Buck Skinner), Non-Indian, 1886-1925  Search this
Object Name:
Paint and paint bag (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Deerhide/deerskin, porcupine quills
Techniques:
Sewn
Object Type:
Art and Printing tools
Place:
North Dakota; USA
Catalog Number:
14/2879
Barcode:
142879.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Art and Printing tools
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws647ef2cc5-cba8-4bb6-868a-cff11b898b8f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_153558

Umbilical amulet

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Collector:
Major John H. Waugh, Non-Indian, 1853-1894  Search this
Previous owner:
Major John H. Waugh, Non-Indian, 1853-1894  Search this
Edna B. Waugh, Non-Indian, 1883-1967  Search this
J. Harold Waugh (John Harold Waugh), Non-Indian, 1878-1956  Search this
Ella Hammond Waugh (Mrs. John H. Waugh), Non-Indian, 1853-1946  Search this
Honoree:
Major John H. Waugh, Non-Indian, 1853-1894  Search this
Object Name:
Umbilical amulet
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Bead-wrapped , overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation); Benson County, Nelson County, Ramsey County, Eddy County; North Dakota; USA
Catalog Number:
20/4595
Barcode:
204595.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d8e8a67f-8b39-4146-bea2-e6ca07c23498
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_218589
Online Media:

Basket with cover

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa [Leech Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Charles A. Eastman (Charles Alexander Eastman/Ohiyesa), Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux), 1858-1939  Search this
Object Name:
Basket with cover
Media/Materials:
Sweetgrass, velveteen, glass bead/beads, cotton thread
Techniques:
Coiled, overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Cass Lake, Leech Lake Reservation; Cass County; Minnesota; USA
Date created:
1900-1910
Catalog Number:
2/7335
Barcode:
027335.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa [Leech Lake, Minnesota]
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws67350a0e3-68a5-4026-af75-581fce370f8a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_29165
Online Media:

Arrow point

Culture/People:
Non-Indian; possibly used by the Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Previous owner:
Raymond Winthrop Ross Austin, Non-Indian, 1886-1967  Search this
Donor:
Raymond Winthrop Ross Austin, Non-Indian, 1886-1967  Search this
Object Name:
Arrow point
Media/Materials:
Iron point
Techniques:
Hammered
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Eastern Plains; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
19/4580
Barcode:
194580.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws610812538-dcfe-474e-90ae-572feabd913a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_207921
Online Media:

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