Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
230 documents - page 1 of 12

Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection

Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States. Department of the Interior  Search this
Extent:
3,710 Photographic prints (29 photograph albums)
3 Linear feet
1430 Negatives (photographic) (acetate)
325 Lantern slides (colored)
Culture:
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Osage  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oklahoma Seminole  Search this
Quapaw  Search this
Miami [Oklahoma]  Search this
Wyandotte [Oklahoma]  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma]  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Puye Pueblo  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Pechanga Band Luiseño  Search this
Rincon Band Luiseño  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Pala Band Luiseño (Agua Caliente)  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Bering Strait Inupiaq  Search this
Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Lantern slides
Photographs
Photograph albums
Place:
Utah
Alaska
Oklahoma
Washington
Florida
Montana
Arizona
Arkansas
Missouri
North Carolina
Minnesota
New Mexico
California
Date:
1880-1928
bulk 1899-1909
Summary:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes photographic negatives, photo albums, lantern slides, journals, scrapbooks and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909. Initially assigned as a revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation and later as an Indian Inspector reviewing boarding schools, Frank's assignments took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities shooting photographs and taking notes.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes 1430 photographic negatives, 29 photo albums containing 3710 photographic prints, 325 lantern slides, and 3 linear feet of journals, scrapbooks, and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909.

Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903, includes 11 photo albums and 357 negatives from Frank Churchill's original assignment as revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation. Locations include Indian Territory (Oklahoma) [bulk], Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota, Arkansas, and Missouri. The Native communities visited and photographed in this series include— Oklahoma Cherokee, Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek), Quapaw, Osage, Miami, Wyandotte [Oklahoma], Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), Winnebago [Nebraska], Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma], Ponca, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee), Oto, Sioux [Crow Creek], Kaw (Kansa), Chickasaw, Modoc, Kiowa, Choctaw.

Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1903-1907, includes 9 photo albums and 832 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment as an Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in this series, though there are two photo albums with Southwest photographs included in Series 4. Locations in this series includes Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin. The Native Communities visited and photographed in this series include—A:shiwi (Zuni), Diné (Navajo), Acoma Pueblo, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Cochiti Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Isleta Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Kumeyaay (Diegueño), Laguna Pueblo, Luiseño (Luiseno), Mescalero Apache, Mojave (Mohave), Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), Picuris Pueblo, Piipaash (Maricopa), Puye Pueblo, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), San Carlos Apache, Taos Pueblo, Tohono O'odham (Papago).

Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905), includes four photograph albums and 71 negatives from Frank Churchill's appointment as special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska in the summer and fall of 1905. Two of the albums were not made by the Churchills. The first of these (Box 20) includes photographs by William Hamilton and the second (Box 21) includes photographs by W. T. Lopp. Locations in Alaska include St. Lawrence Island, Nuwukmiut/Point Barrow, Teller, Diomedes Islands, Nome, Kotzebue, Wrangell, Port Clarence Bay, Unalaska Island and Baranof Island. There are a number of photographs aboard the U.S. Cutter "Bear" and aboard the mailboat "Georgia." Native communities photographed include—Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik), Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo), Bering Strait Inupiaq [Diomedes], Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo), Tlingit.

Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909, includes five photograph albums and 163 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment at Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations in the Southwest (Arizona and Utah) on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in Series 3. Locations include Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota and Florida. Native communities visited and photographed include-Diné (Navajo), Hopi Pueblo, Kaibab Paiute, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Eastern Band of Cherokee, Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan), Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe], Turtle Mountain Chippewa, Seminole. There is restricted material in Box 23 (Album P23380).

Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vacation, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials, 1898-1913, includes four photograph albums from vacations and other visits made by the Churchills unrelated to Frank's activities as Indian Inspector.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928 (bulk 1899-1909), includes three linear feet of materials arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1, Clara Churchill, includes 16 journals, 12 scrapbooks and various other manuscript materials written and accumulated by Clara Churchill during their travels. Many of the journals include personal writings as well as several photographs that are duplicated in the photograph albums. The journals and scrapbooks encompass the full range of the Churchills' travels and include notes from Indian Territory, Southwest, Midwest, Southeast, Plains and Alaska. Subseries 6.2, Colonel Frank C. Churchill, includes official documents around Churchill's assignments as well as the reports Frank submitted back to the Secretary of the Interior (Box 41 and 42). Subseries 6.3, Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous, includes catalogs and other notes related to the large collection of Native American objects amassed by Frank and Clara. Clara also collected other items such as shells, minerals, and sand.

Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, includes 325 hand colored glass lantern slides. These were made by the Churchills from existing negatives and used for lectures. Lantern slides #1-#121 include views photographed in Alaska in 1905. Sldes #122-#325 include an assortment of views from Oklahoma (Indian Territory), Nebraska, Montana, Minnesota, California, Arizona and New Mexico photographed between 1900 and 1909.
Arrangement:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection has been arranged in seven series by material type and then chronologically. The first five series are then divided into subseries by "Photo Albums" and "Negatives." These include--Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903; Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1907-1907; Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905-1905); Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909; Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vaction, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928, is arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1: Clara G. Churchill, Subseries 6.2: Frank C. Churchill, and Subseries 6.3: Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous. Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, is arranged in orginal number order from the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Carroll Churchill was born August 2, 1850 to Benjamin P. Churchill and Susanna Thompson in West Fairlee, Vermont. Frank was educated at Thetford Academy in Thetford, VT and worked as a clerk for D.C. Churchill & Co. in Lyme, NH between 1869-1870. Between 1870 and 1877, Churchill was employed by H.W. Carter as a wholesale merchant in Lebanon, New Hampshire. During this time, Churchill met Clara Corser Turner and they were married on June 11, 1874.

Clara G. (Turner) Churchill was born December 16, 1851, to Colonel Francis H. Corser and Sarah Hook (Perkins) Corser. Colonel Corser and his wife died young, and Clara was adopted by George and Abby H. Turner of Concord, New Hampshire. In 1877, in association with William S. Carter, Frank Churchill opened the business "Carter & Churchill" which was in this business for 21 years. Churchill held various political offices from 1879-91. He served as chairman of the Republican town committee of Lebanon and of the Republican State committee in 1890 and 1891. He served on the staff of Governor Natt Head in 1879 and 1880, with the rank of Colonel. He was chairman of the New Hampshire delegation at the Republican National Convention which nominated President Harrison and represented the Fourth District in the Executive Council in 1889-1890 during the administration of Governor David. H. Goodell.

In 1899 Frank was appointed revenue inspector for the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory and was later appointed a special agent for the Interior Department to formulate a system of public schools in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and across the Southwest. In 1905, he was appointed special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska and was reappointed Indian Inspector between 1905-1909. In 1909, Churchill resigned due to failing health and died November 5, 1912. Clara accompanied Frank on all his travels between 1899 and 1909 (see below chronology for full details) maintaining journals and writing articles for publication in "WHAT." Clara was also a painter, producing watercolors and hand-painting many of the photographs she and Frank made on their travels. Following Frank's death, Clara maintained their collection of Native artifacts and photographs in their home in Lebanon, New Hampshire. Clara died April 16, 1945, bequeathing the full collection to Dartmouth College.
Frank Churchill's assignments as Special agent and Indian Inspector from 1899-1909 took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities. For more details, see the chronology below.

Travels in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and other assignments, 1899-1903

1899, June 29 -- Churchills arrive in Muskogee, Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

1899, July-October -- Visit to Fort Gibson, Tahlequah, Sallisaw, and Vinita (Indian Territory/Oklahoma). Visit to Noel and South west City, Missouri. Visit to Chelsea and Coffeyville, Kansas. Visit to Fort Smith, Arkansas.

1899, November -- Visit Tahlequah while the Cherokee Nation legislature was in session.

1899, December -- Travel in Colorado.

1900, March -- Return to Muskogee and Fort Gibson.

1900, Sept 17-Oct 5 -- Dawes Commission in Vinita.

1901, Mar-Apr 3 -- Visit to the Quapaw Agency, Wyandotte Reservation and school, Modoc reservation and the town of Miami.

1901, April -- Visit to Denison, Texas. Visit to Checotah, Eufaula, South McAlester (Choctaw nation).

1901, Summer -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1901, October -- Visit to Tishomingo, seat of government of the Chickasaws.

1902, January -- Trip to the Chickasaw Nation Visit to Anadarko, Indian Agency of the Kiowa, Comanche and Apache, Fort Sill, Wichita Mountains, and Lawton.

1902, May -- Frank is dispatched to Sioux City, Iowa.

1902, May-June -- Visit to Winnebago Agency, Omaha Agency, Santee Agency.

1902, July -- Visit to St. Paul, Minnesota and Eau Claire, Wisconsin, (Chippewa Falls). Frank is sent to Sulphur Springs, Texas, to author a report.

1902, August -- Churchills return to Muskogee, IT.

1902, September-October -- Trip to White Eagle, Ponca Agency for a month. Visit to Otoe school, Pawnee School, Shawnee, Sac and Fox reservations.

1902, November-December -- Visit to Crow Creek Agency.

1903, January -- Return to Sulpher Springs, Texas.

1903, March -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1903, April -- Visit to Colorado.

1903, May-October -- Visit to 23 towns in Oklahoma (IT) with the Secretary of the Interior.

Travels in New Mexico, Arizona and California, 1903-1905

1903, November -- Frank receives orders to proceed to Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico.

1903, December 9 -- Visit to Zuni, followed by Canyon de Chelly, Hubbell's Ranch, Keams Canyon.

1903, December 21 -- Visit to Hopi Pueblo. Walpi, Polacca Day School, Oraibi, Shumopavi (Shungopavi/Songoopavi), Shipaulovi (Supawlavi) and Mishongnovi (Musungnuvi).

1903, December 28 -- Visit to Fort Defiance.

1904, January -- Travel in New Mexico. Visit to Gallup, Laguna Pueblo, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Albuquerque, Isleta Pueblo, Santa Fe, Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo).

1904, February -- Visit to Sacaton, Akimel O'odham (Pima) Reservation and Casa Grande ruins in Arizona.

1904, March -- Visit to Lehi Day School, Salt River Day School, Phoenix Indian School, Gila River Crossing Day School and Maricopa Day School, Arizona.

1904, March 10-26 -- Visit to Fort Mojave and Chemehuevi.

1904, March 30-April -- Visit to Riverside, California, Sherman Institute and Perris School. Side trip to Yuma, Arizona.

1905, January-February -- Visit to Sulphur, IT.

1905, March -- Visit to Mescalero Apache Agency, San Carlos Apache Agency, Geronimo Settlement, Rice Station School at Talkalai.

1905, April 10-20 -- Return to Sherman Institute in Riverside, California. Visit to San Jacinto, Perris, Saboba, Cahuilla, San Manuella (Band of Mission Indians), Coachella, Torres Reservation, Martinez Reservation Day School, Cabazon Reservation, Protrero Reservation and Day School.

1905, April 22-May -- Visit to Temecula, Pechanga Day School, Pala Mission, Campo Reservation, Mission of San Luis Rey, Rincon Day School, Mesa Grande School, Santa Ysabel (Diegueno), Volcan Mountain Day School.

Travels in Alaska, 1905

1905, June -- Frank receives an assignment in Alaska.

1905, July -- Board the U.S. Revenue Cutter "Bear" in Nome. Visit to Reindeer Station in Teller, Cape Prince of Wales, Kotzebue Sound, Cape Thompson, Point Hope and Point Barrow.

1905, August -- Visit to Wainwright Inlet, return to Nome. Visit to Anvil Creek, Gologin (Golovin) Bay, St. Lawrence Island, Pribilof Islands (Seal Islands), St. George, Dutch Harbor and Unalaska.

1905, September -- Board the "Dora" anchored near Belkofski, Cold Bay, Karluk, Afgonak, and Kodiak. Stop in Homer, Seldovia and Seward. Visit to Sitka.

1905, September 28 -- Board the steamer "Georgia" to Juneau and Skagway via Hoonah.

1905, October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in Arizona, New Mexico, Minnesota, Wisconsin, California and Utah, 1906-1907

1906, March-April -- Re-assigned to Southwest and arrive in Tucson, Arizona. Visit to San Xavier Mission, Tohono O'odham (Papago) reservation, Casa Grande, Sacaton, Maricopa, Gila Crossing, Salt River and Phoenix schools.

1906, May -- Return to New Mexico to visit Gallup and Zuni Day School.

1906, June -- Visit to St, Paul, Minnesota and the White Earth (Ojibwe) reservation and Wild Rice River School in Boliere.

1906, July -- Visit to Ashland, Wisconsin, Lac Courte Oreilles, Hayward, and Lac de Flambeau (La Pointe Agency.

1906, July-September -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1906, September -- Visit to Fond du Lac (Winnebago Lake), Wabeno, and Carter, Wisconsin.

1906, October -- Visit to Phlox, Wausau, Minocqua, Star Lake, Bark River and Wausaukee, Wisconsin.

1906, November-December -- Visit to Keshena (Green Bay Indian School), Menominee Reservation and Ashland, Wisconsin.

1906, December-January -- Stay in Washington, DC.

1907, February -- Return to Albuquerque, New Mexico.

1907, March -- Visit to Santa Fe and various Pueblos (Cochiti, Tesuque, San Ildefonso, Ohkay Owingeh [San Juan], Toas and Picuris).

1907, April -- Return to Albuquerque, visit to Pueblos (Isleta, Laguna, Mesita, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Seama).

1907, April -- Visit to Phoenix, Arizona (Phoenix Indian School), Fort McDowell and Salt River Day School.

1907, May -- Visit to Sacaton, Maricopa, Casa Grande, and Yuma, Arizona.

1907, June -- Visit to Riverside (Sherman Institute), and Pomona, California.

1907, June-July -- Travel to Salt Lake City, Utah. Visit Panguitch, Orton, Kanab, Escalante and Marysvale, Utah.

1907, July-August -- Return to Arizona. Visit Flagstaff, Tuba Indian School, as well as Hopi Pueblo (Walpi, Moencopi, and Oraibi).

1907, September-October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in North Carolina, Montana and Florida, 1907-1909

1907, October 22 -- Assigned to Cherokee, North Carolina, to make a new roll of the Eastern Band of Cherokee.

1907, November -- Arrive in Cherokee, North Caolina.

1908, February -- Visit to Robbinsville and Big Cove

1908, April -- Cherokee council meeting regarding Churchill's new roll.

1908, May -- Completes assignment in North Carolina.

1908, June-September -- Return to Washington, DC and Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1908, September-October -- Trip to Montana. Visit to Browning, Blackfeet Reservation, Harlem, Fort Belknap and Fort Peck.

1908, November -- Visit to Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) and Wahpeton, and Fort Totten, North Dakota.

1908, December -- Visit to Morris, Minnesota.

1909, January -- Trip to Washington, DC for the inauguration of President Taft.

1909, February -- Visit to Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

1909, March-April -- Trip to Florida. Visit to Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Tampa Bay, St. Petersburg, Gainesville, and St. Augustine.

1909, May -- Visit to Soco Creek and Cherokee, North Carolina.

1909, July -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1909, August -- Resignation as Indian Inspector.
Related Materials:
A large collection of Native American cultural objects and archaeology bequeathed by Clara Churchill can still be found at the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Provenance:
Frederick Dockstader, former director of the Museum of the American Indian (MAI), Heye Foundation, illegally removed the majority of the photographs (photo albums, negatives) and manuscript material (journals, reports) from the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College in 1955, before depositing them at the MAI. Those materials were officially gifted to NMAI in 2018 by the Hood Museum. Additional materials from the Churchill collection that remained at the Hood Museum (lantern slides, photographs, scrapbooks, journals) were donated in 2020. These materials have been noted in the finding aid.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Boarding schools  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Photographic prints
Photograph albums
Negatives (photographic)
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45e31a2d8-afd7-4320-96c7-1f596f51c142
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-058
Online Media:

William Henry Jackson photograph albums based on his Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians

Creator:
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Photographer:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
J. Gurney & Son  Search this
Savage & Ottinger  Search this
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Carter, C. W., 1832-1918  Search this
Chamberlain, W. G. (William Gunnison)  Search this
Easterly, Thomas M. (Thomas Martin), 1809-1882  Search this
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
M'Clees, Jas. E. (James E.)  Search this
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899  Search this
Ulke, Henry, 1821-1910  Search this
Vannerson, Julian, 1827-  Search this
Westmann, Orloff R.  Search this
Whitney, Joel E. (Joel Emmons), 1822-1886  Search this
Names:
Geological Survey of the Territories (U.S.) (1862-1872) (Hayden Survey)  Search this
Powell-Thompson Survey  Search this
Extent:
9 Albums (circa 4000 prints, albumen (some copies))
Culture:
White Mountain Apache  Search this
Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache (New Mexico)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Waco Indians  Search this
White River Ute (Yampa)  Search this
Wyandot  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Stockbridge Indians  Search this
Sisitonwan Dakota (Sisseton Sioux)  Search this
Ute  Search this
Uintah Ute  Search this
Tonkawa  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Yanktonnai Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Montauk  Search this
Bannock  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Brotherton Indians  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Minneconjou Lakota (Minniconjou Sioux)  Search this
Missouria (Missouri)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Miami  Search this
Oto  Search this
Kitchai Wichita  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Osage  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Odawa (Ottawa)  Search this
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Iowa  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Fox  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Photographs
Date:
circa 1877
Scope and Contents note:
Albums probably assembled by William Henry Jackson, mostly containing portraits of Native American delegates in Washington, D.C. and photographs made on US Geological Surveys (including the Hayden and Powell surveys). Photographs from the field include John K. Hillers' photographs of the Southwest, photographs of Fort Laramie (possibly by Alexander Gardner), Orloff R. Westmann's photographs of Taos Pueblo, and Jackson's photographs of Crow, Shoshoni, Pawnee, and Nez Perce Tribes and related sites. Most of the photographs were made circa 1860s-1870s.

The albums were probably by Jackson while working under Ferdinand V. Hayden for the United States Geological Survey of the Territories. The reason for their creation is uncertain, though it may have been a project set up by Hayden or a continuation of William Henry Blackmore's tradition of publishing albums. Some of the albums include captions pasted from Jackson's Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians (1877) while others have handwritten captions.
Biographical/Historical note:
William Henry Jackson (1843-1942) was an American painter, photographer and explorer. Born in New York, he sold drawings and retouched photographs from an early age. After serving in the Civil War, he opened a photography studio in Omaha, Nebraska, with his brother Edward. As photographer for the US Geological and Geographical Surveys (1870-1878), he documented the American west and published the first photographs of Yellowstone. When the surveys lost funding in 1879, Jackson opened a studio in Denver, Colorado, and also worked for various railroad companies. Many of Jackson's photographs were displayed at the World's Columbian Exhibition in Chicago (1893), for which he was the official photographer.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4420
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Original negatives for many of the photographs in this collection can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
The National Museum of the American Indian Archives holds William Henry Jackson photographs and negatives.
Additional Jackson photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4605, MS 4801, Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 29, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 40, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 93, Photo lot 143, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 87-20, and Photo Lot 90-1.
Correspondence from Jackson held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4517, MS 4881, MS 4821, and collections of personal papers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pueblos  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 4420, William Henry Jackson photograph albums based on his Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4420
See more items in:
William Henry Jackson photograph albums based on his Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3579a455e-5931-4e6e-9659-42bb7718b6fd
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4420
Online Media:

Robert M. Farring Jr. photographs of Native American delegations

Creator:
Faring, Robert M. Jr  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Extent:
61 Prints (silver gelatin)
169 Polaroid prints (color)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Ute  Search this
Coeur d'Alene  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Fox  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Kickapoo  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Uintah Ute  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Makah  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Vietnamese  Search this
Nooksack  Search this
Yavapai  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Sisitonwan Dakota (Sisseton Sioux)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
French  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Northwest Coast  Search this
Washoe (Washo)  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Osage  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Yanktonnai Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Umatilla  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Colville  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Lummi  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Polaroid prints
Photographs
Date:
1967-1971
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting tribal delegates, probably made by Robert M. Farring during tribal group visits to the Bureau of Indian Affairs Washington office. Many of the photographs were originally mounted in notebooks with identification of pictured individuals and their affiliations.
Biographical/Historical note:
Robert M. Farring, Jr. is an employee in the Tribal Operations office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Washington, DC.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 85-21
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs of Native American delegations can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 4286, MS 4638, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 90-1, and the BAE historical negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Delegations  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 85-21, Robert M. Farring Jr. photograph collection of Indian delegations, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.85-21
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3fb6c61a0-c393-44f0-8ba1-8bfb3f2f4ff6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-85-21

James E. McClees Studio photographs of Native American delegates to Washington, DC

Creator:
M'Clees, Jas. E. (James E.) (studio owner and photographer)  Search this
Publisher:
Blackmore Museum (Salisbury, England)  Search this
Photographer:
Cohner, Samuel A.  Search this
Vannerson, Julian, 1827-  Search this
Extent:
32 Mounted prints (albumen)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Cree  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Fox  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Sisitonwan Dakota (Sisseton Sioux)  Search this
Yanktonnai Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Date:
circa 1850 to 1863
bulk 1857-1858
Scope and Contents note:
Studio portraits made by the James E. McClees Studio and published by the Blackmore Museum, depicting Native American visitors to Washington, D.C. The series is identified by an 1863 broadside in the collection as "Photographs of some of the principal Chiefs of the North American Indians, made when they have visited Washington as deputations from their Tribes." Yankton, Sisseton, Mdewakanton, Wahpeton, Pawnee, Potawatomi, Sauk and Fox, Ponca, and Ojibwa people are represented. Three additional portraits depict men (possibly Cree) and were probably made by a different photographer.
Biographical/Historical note:
James Earl McClees (1821-1887) trained as a daguerreotypist in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, before opening a studio in Washington, D.C. in 1857. He was an early user of paper photographic processes and was well-known for photographing delegations of American Indians. His Washington studio, known as the James E. McClees Studio, operated in 1857-1858 with Julian Vannerson (1827-?) and Samuel Cohner as its most established operators. The studio was taken over by Robert W. Addis in 1858. Among Addis's proprietors was Antonio Zeno Schindler, an artist who made copies of photographs for English philanthropist and collector William Blackmore (1827-1878). Blackmore purchased the McClees Studio's negatives from Shindler, later transferring them to the Smithsonian. The Bureau of American Ethnology absorbed the photographs upon its formation in 1878-1879.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4286
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional McClees Studio and Vannerson photographs held in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives and Photo Lot 4420.
Glass negatives relating to William Henry Blackmore, including copies of photographs collected by Blackmore, held in the British Museum and in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 31 and the BAE historical negatives.
Artifacts collected by Blackmore held in the anthropology collections of the National Museum of Natural History in accessions 1846, 2371, and 1826.
Contained in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot 4286, James E. McClees Studio photographs of Native American delegates to Washington DC, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4286
See more items in:
James E. McClees Studio photographs of Native American delegates to Washington, DC
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw330663fd4-6ed5-4faa-b20f-477e3af80c27
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4286

Portrait of Ma'-za o Ma'-ni (He that Walks in Iron), a chief of the Wahpeton Indians

Creator:
Vannerson, Julian  Search this
Cohner, Samuel A. (operator)  Search this
M'Clees, Jas. E. (James E) (studio owner)  Search this
Names:
Delegation, 1858  Search this
Collection Creator:
M'Clees, Jas. E. (James E.) (studio owner and photographer)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (005 in x 006 in mounted on 010 in x 014 in)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1857-1858
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01171000

NAA MS.4286

OPPS NEG.43205A
Local Note:
Photo by Julian Vannerson or Samuel A. Cohner, Photographers at Mc Clees' Studio, or Possibly by James E. Mc Clees; Treaty Signed 14 June 1958
Black and white Photoprint on Cardboard Mount
Place:
Washington, DC
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 4286, James E. McClees Studio photographs of Native American delegates to Washington DC, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. McClees Studio photographs of Native American delegates to Washington, DC
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b0ce3a2b-ab0c-40e4-83fa-229448ef3b16
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-4286-ref531

Portrait of At-pe-tu-to ka-tsha (The Other Day; or John Other Day), a Wahpeton warrior

Creator:
Vannerson, Julian  Search this
Cohner, Samuel A. (operator)  Search this
M'Clees, Jas. E. (James E) (studio owner)  Search this
Names:
Delegation, 1858  Search this
Collection Creator:
M'Clees, Jas. E. (James E.) (studio owner and photographer)  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (albumen, 005 in x 006 in mounted on 010 in x 014 in)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
1858
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten on mount: Ay-pe'-tu To'-ke-tsha (The Other Day) A Warrior of the Wahpeton Sioux
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01171100

NAA MS.4286

OPPS NEG.BAE 3500A
General:
Amended identification taken from Paula Fleming, Native American Photography at the Smithsonian: the Shindler catalogue, Smithsonian Institution, 2003.
Local Note:
Photo by Julian Vannerson or Samuel A. Cohner, Photographers at Mc Clees' Studio, or Possibly by James E. Mc Clees; Treaty Signed 14 June 1958
Black and white Photoprint on Cardboard Mount
Place:
Washington, DC
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 4286, James E. McClees Studio photographs of Native American delegates to Washington DC, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. McClees Studio photographs of Native American delegates to Washington, DC
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31e76e10f-0ab1-4f0f-a497-5abde4ce1f84
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-4286-ref532

Various Pueblos, Santa Fe, Albuquerque and Other Views in New Mexico, Arizona and North Dakota

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
195 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 17
Culture:
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Tesuque Pueblo  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1907 March-April
1908
Scope and Contents:
This album contains 195 photographic prints taken by Frank Churchill in March-April 1907 at various Pueblos and locations in New Mexico and Arizona during Frank Churchill's assignment as U.S. Indian Inspector to visit Indian day schools and boarding schools. There are also a small amount of photographs from North Dakota in 1908 that have been inserted amongst the New Mexico photographs. The album was later compiled and captioned by Clara Churchill. Some of the photographs were also later hand colored by Clara Churchill. Pueblos visited include—Cochiti, Tesuque, San Ildenfonso, Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan), Taos, Picuris, Laguna (Paraje, Mesita, Paguate, Seama) and Acoma (Acomita).

Photographs from Cochiti include—Cochiti Day School; Old Church; Estufa or Kiva; Women carrying water; Christmas dance (not taken by Churchill); winnowing wheat; and Vivan Perez. Taos photographs include—Pueblo views; church ruins; goat herding; Kiva entrance; Kit Carson's house and grave with Smith Simpson; Pablo Suaso (Captain of War); and 107 year old woman. Photographs from Laguna include—Women washing clothes in Seama; Paguate (Pahuate) day school with students and Miss Mary Disette (teacher); Daisy Shumann (Zuni) at the Paguate school; Howyce Seonia and other women; Mesita day school and young girl; and various views of Paguate, Paraje and Mesita. Photographs from Acoma and Acomita include—Men plowing; houses and families; Mrs. Churchill with Acoma woman; pottery firing kilns; Government farmer Allen; Edward Hunt (merchant); and McCarty's Station. Additional Pueblo views include—Tesuque with Superintendent Crandall; San Ildefonso pueblo and school; Governor Cota with Juan Baptiste, Talache (ex-governer), Superintendent Crandall, Sam Eldodt and Joseph Eldodt in San Juan; and Ancient ruins, Santiango Martinez and wife Caramalita Barqus in Picuris. Photographs from Santa Fe include—Plaza; Governers palace; Palace Hotel; Soldiers monument; U.S. Indian School; and J.B. Harper, C.J. Crandall, H.F. Robinson and Frank Churchill. Photographs from Albuquerque include—Birthplace of Mrs. (General) Phil Sheridan; San Felipe Indians with Superintendent Custer; Edna Custer; Dormitories at the University in Albuquerque. Additional scenes in New Mexico include—Fording the Rio Grande with Mr. and Mrs. C.J. Crandall; Canyon near Embado; and Penitentes Moradas during lent including the Morada chapel of the penitents. Photographs in Arizona include—Ash Fork Hotel; Fort McDowell; Lunch at Camel Back Mountain; Verde River; and Phoenix Indian School teachers Miss Ridenhour, Miss Gould, Miss F. Harrey and Mrs. Snyder.

The photographs from North Dakota include views of Wahpetonwan Dakota (Sioux) men and women on horseback at Devils Lake and Fort Totten. There are some additional photographs at the album that appeared to have been added later and are not in any particular order and most likely not take by the Churchill. The majority of the photographs from Arizona and many of the New Mexico photographs do not have corresponding negatives.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, File P23363
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin / 2.1: Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4553b5436-3190-40f2-b428-79a60429dc52
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref69

Joseph C. Park collection of lantern slides

Collector:
Park, Joseph C., 1872-  Search this
Extent:
31 Lantern slides
1 Poster
Container:
Box 1
Map-case 13
Culture:
Cherokee  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Ephemera
Lantern slides
Posters
Place:
Indian Territory (U.S.A)
Date:
circa 1880-1901
Summary:
The Joseph C. Park collection of lantern slides contains 31 lantern slides and 1 poster that were used by Joseph C. Park for his lectures on Indians of North America. Park was the Principal of the Cherokee Baptist Academy located at Tahlequah Indian Territory (today Oklahoma) from 1896 to 1901.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 31 lantern slides and 1 poster that were used by Joseph C. Park for his lectures on Indians of North America. Park was the Principal of the Cherokee Baptist Academy located at Tahlequah Indian Territory (today Oklahoma) from 1896 to 1901.

The lantern slides depict Cherokee Baptist Academy students including the 1899 football team; female seminary building in Tahlequah; as well as the gallows (for public hangings) at Tahlequah. Other lantern slides depict portraits of Set-Imkia, also known as Stumbling Bear (Kiowa Chief); Sitting Bull (Lakota); Pe-ji (Grass Blackbear); A.L. Lacie and Wolf Coon; a Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux) man with an amputated leg; a Paiute man; a Cheyenne boy; Dr. J. S. Murrow, and General George Armstrong Custer.

A few lantern slides depict drawings such as the capture and death of Sitting Bull; the battle of Big Horn and Custer's last charge; and a drawing depicting an Indian burial (restricted). Several lantern slides also depict wigwam or wickuup structures and scenes in Alaska including totem poles.

Some slides were produced by the American Museum of Natural History in New York and Kurz and Allison, Pub. in Chicago.

The poster depicts a photo of Joseph C. Park and reads, "Illustrated lecture / Joseph C. Park / Subjects 1. The Indians of North America / Illustrated by beautiful calcium light views. Many of these pictures were taken from life by the lecturer during his sojourn among the Indians in Indian Territory. 2. The life of our Savior, or Jesus, the Nazarine / Illustrated by beautiful calcium light views taken from the world's greatest paintings. / Mr. Park was Principal of Cherokee Baptist Academy, a large Indian School located at Tahlequah, Ind. Ter., for a period of five years. He has made an extended study of the "Indian Problem" and comes highly recommended as a lecturer."
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged by subject matter.
Biographical / Historical:
Joseph Charles Park was born in Big Flats, New York in 1872 and went on to graduate from Cornell University and Syracuse University. From 1896 to 1901, Park served as the principal of the Cherokee Baptist Academy. This Indian boarding and day school was located on a 160-acre farm in Tahlequah, Indian Territory (today Oklahoma) and was run by the American Baptist Home Mission Society.
Provenance:
Gift of Donald Weber, 2019.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Some images in this collection are restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Cultural assimilation  Search this
Indians of North America -- Education  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Joseph C. Park collectino of lantern slides, NMAI.AC.387; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.387
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4bb978be5-84be-4039-947f-df4ea655ef1f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-387

Meat pounder

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Object Name:
Meat pounder
Media/Materials:
Hide, stone
Techniques:
Pecked
Dimensions:
42 x 13.5 x 9 cm
Object Type:
Food Gathering and Preparation
Place:
South Dakota; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
19/6761
Barcode:
196761.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Food Gathering and Preparation
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws65402df39-3397-47a7-9c01-9870dd19505d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_210199
Online Media:

Red Iron

Names:
Red Iron  Search this
Collection Creator:
United States National Museum., Dept. of Anthropology.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph
Culture:
Dakota -- Wahpeton  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.10000120

OPPS NEG.3236
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 87-2P, United States National Museum Department of Anthropology photograph collection relating to Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
United States National Museum Department of Anthropology photograph collection relating to Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw33c413e84-8f7f-419a-9d2d-7f56fa7e252e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-87-2p-ref545

Ashtray

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Winona Clara Bryan (Clara Derby/Clara Bryan), Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Pipestone Indian Shrine Association  Search this
Object Name:
Ashtray
Media/Materials:
Catlinite/pipestone
Techniques:
Carved, incised
Dimensions:
15.6 x 8.8 x 3 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Pipestone; Pipestone County; Minnesota; USA
Date created:
1955-1957
Catalog Number:
25/9110
Barcode:
259110.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6bbf61153-2be7-4680-b857-ba75329e9e8b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275099
Online Media:

Figure

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Winona Clara Bryan (Clara Derby/Clara Bryan), Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Tipi Shop, Sioux Indian Museum and Crafts Center (Tipi shop)  Search this
Object Name:
Figure
Media/Materials:
Catlinite/pipestone
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
6 x 4.8 x 1.3 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Pipestone; Pipestone County; Minnesota; USA
Date created:
1960-1961
Catalog Number:
25/9113
Barcode:
259113.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6520a432b-859b-445a-829e-12fdcab10023
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275102
Online Media:

Bowl

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Winona Clara Bryan (Clara Derby/Clara Bryan), Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Pipestone Indian Shrine Association  Search this
Object Name:
Bowl
Media/Materials:
Catlinite/pipestone
Techniques:
Carved, incised
Dimensions:
2.6 x 7.4 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Pipestone; Pipestone County; Minnesota; USA
Date created:
1955-1957
Catalog Number:
25/9114
Barcode:
259114.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws69f7719b8-d2fa-415a-b45e-481469751ae3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275103
Online Media:

Figure

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Ethel Derby (Morning Bird/Ethel Crow), Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux), 1923-1975  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Figure
Media/Materials:
Catlinite/pipestone
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
5.4 x 3.7 x 1.8 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Granite Falls, Upper Sioux Reservation; Yellow Medicine County; Minnesota; USA
Date created:
1950-1970
Catalog Number:
25/9115
Barcode:
259115.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6273acf16-a66f-436d-94a5-1757a0fe928a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275104
Online Media:

Figure

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Ethel Derby (Morning Bird/Ethel Crow), Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux), 1923-1975  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Figure
Media/Materials:
Catlinite/pipestone
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
6.4 x 4.5 x 2.3 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Granite Falls, Upper Sioux Reservation; Yellow Medicine County; Minnesota; USA
Date created:
1950-1970
Catalog Number:
25/9116
Barcode:
259116.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws63aa90f9e-2441-4390-aa5c-7154e5f71b43
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275105
Online Media:

Figure

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Ethel Derby (Morning Bird/Ethel Crow), Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux), 1923-1975  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Figure
Media/Materials:
Catlinite/pipestone
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
7.4 x 5.8 x 1.8 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Granite Falls, Upper Sioux Reservation; Yellow Medicine County; Minnesota; USA
Date created:
1950-1970
Catalog Number:
25/9117
Barcode:
259117.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws69f5c0bc2-55de-4a82-96db-4df266334970
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275106
Online Media:

Figure

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Ethel Derby (Morning Bird/Ethel Crow), Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux), 1923-1975  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Figure
Media/Materials:
Catlinite/pipestone
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
9.7 x 7.3 x 2 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Pipestone; Pipestone County; Minnesota; USA
Date created:
1950-1970
Catalog Number:
25/9118
Barcode:
259118.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws666204d52-2f01-49f3-81b5-65bb716c8530
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275107
Online Media:

Ashtray

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Winona Clara Bryan (Clara Derby/Clara Bryan), Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Tipi Shop, Sioux Indian Museum and Crafts Center (Tipi shop)  Search this
Object Name:
Ashtray
Media/Materials:
Catlinite/pipestone
Techniques:
Carved, incised
Dimensions:
11.5 x 8.1 x 2.4 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Pipestone; Pipestone County; Minnesota; USA
Date created:
1960-1961
Catalog Number:
25/9119
Barcode:
259119.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6edeb569c-1da9-47a4-90b1-e5603acfa589
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275108
Online Media:

Ashtray

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Winona Clara Bryan (Clara Derby/Clara Bryan), Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Tipi Shop, Sioux Indian Museum and Crafts Center (Tipi shop)  Search this
Object Name:
Ashtray
Media/Materials:
Catlinite/pipestone
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
16.7 x 12.9 x 3 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Pipestone; Pipestone County; Minnesota; USA
Date created:
1960-1961
Catalog Number:
25/9120
Barcode:
259120.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a605aab1-6b5f-47ab-8b7b-6ff501258291
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275109
Online Media:

Figure

Culture/People:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Winona Clara Bryan (Clara Derby/Clara Bryan), Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Tipi Shop, Sioux Indian Museum and Crafts Center (Tipi shop)  Search this
Object Name:
Figure
Media/Materials:
Catlinite/pipestone
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
14.8 x 11 x 2 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Pipestone; Pipestone County; Minnesota; USA
Date created:
1960-1961
Catalog Number:
25/9121
Barcode:
259121.000
See related items:
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws683dcd14b-e49e-4064-bb4a-4904a6145443
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275110
Online Media:

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By