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China, Chinese Nationalist Air Force, Units, American Volunteer Group (AVG)

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer S1C, Folder 500400-80
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Photos
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Safety
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Safety / Series W: Safety / Aerospace Medicine
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2a0be968a-3ca1-4729-964a-0c132df01357
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-w-ref251

NASM, Staff, Volunteers

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer U2, Folder 169117-70
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Photos
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Museums, Exhibits, Memorials, Planetariums, Science Centers
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Museums, Exhibits, Memorials, Planetariums, Science Centers / Series U2: Museums, Smithsonian Institution (SI) / National Air and Space Museum (& Predecessors), General
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg23d31b7bb-c17e-4145-8423-056753fff686
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-u-ref3267

China, World War II, American Volunteer Group

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer M3, Folder 177050-01
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Equipment
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Equipment / Series M3: Equipment: International Clothing, Flight Gear, and Insignia / China
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2a5be3e4d-0da3-43b1-8fa0-99fcdccaadc5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-m-ref2322

USA, Goodyear, "Volunteer" (Ex-Navy L-17)

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A3: Lighter than Air (LTA), Airships
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg24664dedb-1206-45c1-b71c-c6b56d527743
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref64792

USA, Goodyear, "Volunteer" (Ex-Navy L-17)

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer A3U, Folder 411000-80
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Photos
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A3: Lighter than Air (LTA), Airships / USA, Goodyear, "Volunteer" (Ex-Navy L-17)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg20d506ed7-ee69-4082-b4e4-93bb20290ece
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref64793

Workbook for the National Council of Negro Women, 23rd annual convention

Creator:
National Council of Negro Women  Search this
Collection Collector:
Whitehead, Henry P. (Prenton), 1917-2002  Search this
Extent:
1 Document (10 3/4 x 8 1/4 inches)
Type:
Archival materials
Documents
Workbooks
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
November 13-15, 1958
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Henry P. Whitehead collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
African American women  Search this
Genre/Form:
Workbooks
Collection Citation:
Henry P. Whitehead collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Michael A. Watkins.
See more items in:
Henry P. Whitehead collection
Henry P. Whitehead collection / Series 3: Tomlinson D. Todd / 3.7: Subject Files / National Council of Negro Women
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa7cca2c36f-e2c4-4a83-a9bb-94f84615543e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-042-ref1901
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Audio Log Sheets

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1988 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1988 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1988 Festival of American Folklife / Series 2: American Folklore Society Centennial / Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5603c05dc-94c1-46e0-9b6d-2ef2cafc6f3a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1988-ref2018
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Audio Log Sheets

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1988 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1988 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1988 Festival of American Folklife / Series 4: Ingenuity and Tradition: The Common Wealth of Massachusetts / Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5cca9280c-fd74-4514-859e-7027af01dc9a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1988-ref2020
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Audio Log Sheets

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1988 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1988 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1988 Festival of American Folklife / Series 5: Migration to Metropolitan Washington: Making a New Place Home / Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk506d8c357-cba9-4230-b6f1-fffec6f5ffcf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1988-ref2021
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Marilyn E. Jackler Memorial Collection of Tobacco Advertisements

Collector:
Jackler, Robert K.  Search this
Extent:
20 Cubic feet (40 boxes, 1 map-folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1898-2017
undated
Summary:
The collection documents the history of tobacco advertising in America through print advertisements (magazine and newspaper), emphasizing the deceptive advertising practices employed by the tobacco industry to lure and keep smokers. Many of the advertisements contain images of celebrities, athletes, and other notable persons who endorsed tobacco products as well as ethinic imagery.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of advertisements collected by Dr. Robert Jackler for his "Not a Cough in a Carload: Images from the Tobacco Industry Campaign to Hide the Hazards of Smoking" exhibition. The heart of the collection consists of paper advertisements from national magazines and newspapers dating from 1898-2017. The bulk of these materials are for cigarettes but also include cigars and tobacco. A smaller amount of material are advertisements for holders, lighters and matches, pipes, smokers' drops, and toothpaste. Included among these materials are also some point of purchase displays and ephemera from major tobacco companies.

The material emphasizes the deceptive advertising practices intended to convince people that tobacco use was safe, and the use of doctors, dentists, athletes, opera singers, actors, and others to endorse them. Actresses and actors that appeard in some of these advertisements included Lucille Ball, Madge Bellamy, Constance Bennett, Sam Bernard, Billie Burke, Eddie Cantor, Richard Carle, Sue Carol, Madeleine Carroll, Boake Carter, Charlie Chan, Charlie Chaplin, Ina Claire, George M. Cohan, Claudette Colbert, June Collyer, Betty Compson, Gary Cooper, Clifton Crawford, Myrna J. Darby, Marlene Dietrich, Dolores Del Rio, Sally Eilers, Clifton Fadiman, Douglas Fairbanks, William Faversham, W.C. Fields, Muriel Finley, Sidney Fox, Kay Francis, Janet Gaynor, Bill Haines, Jean Harlow, Miriam Hopkins, Jack Holt, Leslie Howard, Edmund Lowe, Al Jolson, Harry Lauder, Carole Lombard, Myrna Loy, Dorothy Mackaill, Herbert Marshall, Groucho Marx, Norina Matchabella, Philip Merivale, Robert Montgomery, Catherine Moylan, Ramon Novarro, Maureen O'Sullivan, Barbara Stanwyck, Margaret Sullavan, Norma Talmadge, Lawrence Tibbett, William T. Tilden, Spencer Tracy, Helen Twelvetrees, Lenore Ulric, Lupe Velez and David Warfield. Some of the athletes that endorsed tobacco products included Ty Cobb, James J. Corbett, Johnny Farrell, Lou Gehrig, Walter Hagen, Willie Hoppe, Matt McGrath, Vincent Richards, Damon Runyon, Babe Ruth, Earl Sande, Martin Sheridan, Fred Spencer, Jr., Gaston Strobino and Ted Williams. Musicians that appeared in some of the advertisements included Frances Alda, Carl Gantvoort, George Gershwin, Dinh Gilly, Nanette Guilford, Jack Henderson, Helen Jepson, Karl Jörn, Lauritz Melchior, Dick Powell, John Philip Sousa, and Leo Slezak. Other note worthy celebrities included Robert Lee, Amelia Earhart, Georges Fontana, Rube Goldberg, Martin Johnson, Alice Roosevelt Longworth, Marjorie Moss, Robert Taylor, Rudy Vallée, Amy Vanderbilt, King Vidor, George White, Florenz Ziegfeld, and Elsie de Wolfe.

To appeal to even wider audiences, advertisements incorporated iconic images such as Mount Rushmore, the American flag, the Statue of Liberty, and Santa Claus. Other advertisements used images of happy times and personal milestones, such as weddings, graduation day, Father's Day, etc., which smokers were told were incomplete without the aid of a cigarette.

Dr. Jackler later donated additional material which includes updated advertisements on modern themes, such as the economy (advertising touting bargain prices); technological changes (hard pack, improved filter, "light" cigarettes); and include more images of minorities. The initial donation had a series of advertisements with images of African Americans, but these additional ads allow researchers access to an even larger and more diverse set of examples of how tobacco was marketed to minorities. Dr. Jackler also expanded his research into much older magazines and newspapers. The addendum features advertisements from defunct, obscure, and short lived brands, in addition to the most popular and familiar ones. This enables researchers to study such themes as why the more successful companies' advertisements succeeded. These materials were integrated with the rest of the collection.

The collection is arranged into twelve series. Series one is cigarette advertisements dating from 1903-2017 and is divided by the media where it appeared in. Series two, contains advertisements for cigars dating from 1901-2017 and is also divided by media. Series three is chewing tobacco advertisements dating from 1898-2010 and is arranged into two subseries magazines and newspapers. Series four through series nine are advertisements marketing non-tobacco products and accessories for smokers. In addition, series ten contains point of purchase displays. Series eleven is born digital content. And finally, series twelve contains other forms of advertising and ephemera created by tobacco companies to assist in the sale of their products.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into twelve series.

Series 1, Cigarette Advertisements, 1903-2017, undated

Subseries 1.1, Magazine Advertisements, 1910-2017, undated

Subseries 1.2, Newspaper Advertisements, 1903-2004, undated

Series 2, Cigar Advertisements, 1901-2017, undated

Subseries 2.1, Magazine Advertisements, 1910-2017, undated

Subseries 2.2, Newspaper Advertisements, 1901-1958, undated

Series 3, Chewing Tobacco Advertisements, 1898-2010, undated

Subseries 3.1, Magazine Advertisements, 1898-2010, undated

Subseries 3.2, Newspaper Advertisements, 1907-1981, undated

Series 4, Holder Advertisements, 1923-1957, undated

Series 5, Lighters and Accessories Advertisements, 1934-1977, undated

Series 6, Matches Advertisements, 1949, undated

Series 7, Pipes Advertisements, 1920-1971, undated

Series 8, Smokers' Drops Advertisements, 1958

Series 9, Toothpaste Advertisements, 1920, undated

Series 10, Point of Purchase Displays, undated

Series 11, Born Digital Content, undated

Series 12, Ephemera, 1960-2013, undated

Series 13: 2017 Addenda
Biographical / Historical:
Dr. Robert K. Jackler was born on January 29, 1954 to Dr. Jacob Marlowe Jackler and Marilyn Epstein. He was raised in Waterville, Maine, and attended college and medical school in Boston, Massachusetts. He moved to California for a residency in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. In 1985, Dr. Jackler accepted a Neuroethology fellowship at the House Ear Clinic and joined the faculty at the University of California, San Francisco where he remained until 2003. Later that year he became the Sewall Professor and Chair of the Department at OHNS and professor in the Ddepartments of Neurosurgery and Surgery at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Dr. Jackler's medical work exposed him to numerous patients suffering from tobacco-related health problems. In addition, his mother, Marilyn Jackler, died of cancer in 2007. That year he and his wife Laurie founded the research group SRITA (Stanford Research into the Impact of Tobacco Advertising). The purpose of SRITA was to use an interdisciplinary approach to examine the ways in which the tobacco industry targeted minority groups. SRITA also wanted to examine how the industry marketed new products. During this time Dr. Jackler and his wife also began to amass a collection of advertisements and artifacts relating to tobacco products. These effors cumulated in an exhibition of advertising imagery tracing how tobacco companies used deceptive and often patently false claims in an effort to reassure the public of the safety of their products. "Not a Cough in a Carload: Images from the Tobacco Industry Campaign to Hide the Hazards of Smoking" was dedicated to his mother, Marilyn Jackler, who started smoking as a young woman because "it was the sophisticated thing to do" and later was unable to quit. Dr. Jackler received support from Stanford's Lane Medical Library, where the exhibit opened with an accompanying website (http://lane.stanford.edu/tobacco/index.html). Dr. Jackler has authored numerous papers, textbook chapters, editorials, and books in addition to his teaching, medical practice, and collecting.
Related Materials:
There are several collections relating to the advertising and marketing of tobacco in the Archives Center. The Warshaw collection's series on "Tobacco Trade" consists of nine cubic feet of business ephemera, circa 1850-1950. The N W Ayer Advertising Agency Records contain complete advertising campaigns for over 130 tobacco brands, 1899-1951, for companies such as Fatima, Murad, Pall Mall, Philip Morris, and R.J. Reynolds. The Marlboro Oral History and Documentation Collection documents the development of the Marlboro Man advertising campaign, 1940-1986. The Virgil Johnson Collection of Cigarette Packages, circa 1890-1997, contains over six thousand packages arranged into albums. The Cornelius and Horne Collection of Cigarette Packages consists of seventy three labels collected by a United States Navy captain in the Pacific theatre in 1945.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Robert K. Jackler in 2011.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Citation:
Marilyn E. Jackler Memorial Collection of Tobacco Advertisements circa 1890-2013, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1224
See more items in:
Marilyn E. Jackler Memorial Collection of Tobacco Advertisements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep830b9ab52-e44e-4a1a-907b-d4f1f35e47a2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1224
Online Media:

Second Year No.23

Creator:
New Negro Alliance (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Names:
Hastie, William, 1904-1976  Search this
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Advertisements
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
August 18, 1934
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist at ACMarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American newspapers  Search this
Activism  Search this
Discrimination in employment  Search this
Business enterprises  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements -- 20th century
Collection Citation:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
New Negro Opinion newspaper
New Negro Opinion newspaper / Series 1: December 1933- December 1934
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa71342c73c-1814-4af7-93a0-fd57114c7df5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-10-012-3-ref19
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Second Year No.28

Creator:
New Negro Alliance (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Names:
Hastie, William, 1904-1976  Search this
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Advertisements
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
September 22, 1934
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist at ACMarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American newspapers  Search this
Activism  Search this
Discrimination in employment  Search this
Business enterprises  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements -- 20th century
Collection Citation:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
New Negro Opinion newspaper
New Negro Opinion newspaper / Series 1: December 1933- December 1934
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa765b2093b-ee00-49c8-b502-0ce4e489584d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-10-012-3-ref24
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Second Year No.5

Creator:
New Negro Alliance (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Names:
Hastie, William, 1904-1976  Search this
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Advertisements
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
February 3, 1934
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist at ACMarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American newspapers  Search this
Activism  Search this
Discrimination in employment  Search this
Business enterprises  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements -- 20th century
Collection Citation:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
New Negro Opinion newspaper
New Negro Opinion newspaper / Series 1: December 1933- December 1934
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa7ed68c6ee-2f71-4544-8d5e-081f6f370a2c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-10-012-3-ref9
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The Garden Club of America collection

Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Names:
New York Flower Show  Search this
Extent:
37,000 Slides (35mm slides)
33 Linear feet ((garden files))
3,000 Lantern slides
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Lantern slides
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Slides (photographs)
Date:
circa 1920-present
Summary:
This collection contains over 37,000 35mm slides, 3,000 glass lantern slides and garden files that may include descriptive information, photocopied articles (from journals, newspapers, or books), planting lists, correspondence, brochures, landscape plans and drawings. Garden files were compiled by Garden Club of America (GCA) members for most of the gardens included in the collection. Some gardens have been photographed over the course of several decades; others only have images from a single point in time. In addition to images of American gardens, there are glass lantern slides of the New York Flower Show (1941-1951) and trips that GCA members took to other countries, including Mexico (1937), Italy, Spain, Japan (1935), France (1936), England (1929), and Scotland.

A number of the slides are copies of historic images from outside repositories including horticultural and historical societies or from horticultural books and publications. The GCA made a concerted effort in the mid-1980s to acquire these images in order to increase its documentation of American garden history. Because of copyright considerations, use of these particular images may be restricted.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Garden Club of America was established in 1913 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when the Garden Club of Philadelphia and eleven other garden clubs met to create a national garden club. Its purpose is to foster the knowledge and love of gardening and to restore and protect the quality of the environment through educational programs and gardening and conservation efforts. The GCA was incorporated in Delaware in 1923, with its headquarters established in New York City. Today, local clubs are organized under twelve regional zones. The GCA continues its tradition of hosting flower shows and publishing material related to gardening in the United States.

The GCA's glass lantern slides were used by The GCA for presentations and lectures about notable gardens throughout the United States dating back to colonial times. An effort was made in the late 1980s, in preparation of the 75th anniversary of the Garden Club of America's founding, to collect the disbursed slides. These slides were to eventually form the Slide Library of Notable American Parks and Gardens. The informational value of this collection is extensive since a number of images of the more than 4,500 gardens represented show garden designs that have changed over time or no longer exist. While the majority of images document a range of designed upper and upper-middle class gardens throughout the U.S., the scope of the collection is expanding as volunteers photograph and document contemporary gardens including community and vernacular gardens.

The gardens illustrate the design work of dozens of landscape architects including Marian Coffin, Beatrix Farrand, Lawrence Halprin, Hare & Hare, Umberto Innocenti, Gertrude Jekyll, Jens Jensen, Warren Manning, the Olmsted Brothers, Charles Platt, Ellen Biddle Shipman, and Fletcher Steele. Because of their proximity to the gardens, works of notable architects and sculptors may also be featured in the images.
Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- France  Search this
Gardens -- Italy  Search this
Gardens -- Japan  Search this
Gardens -- Mexico  Search this
Flower shows  Search this
Gardening -- United States -- societies, etc  Search this
Gardens -- England  Search this
Landscape architecture  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- Spain  Search this
Gardens -- Scotland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Lantern slides
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb617385372-1028-4cb7-b07d-04fea2e51c47
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-gca
Online Media:

[Villa Leoncini]: planting inside south wall of lot.

Photographer:
Warwick, Mac  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Villa Leoncini (Palm Beach, Florida)
United States of America -- Florida -- Palm Beach County -- Palm Beach
Date:
1997 May.
Scope and Contents:
Planting inside south wall of lot - while flower in background is periwinkle which volunteered.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Florida -- Palm Beach  Search this
Fences -- wrought iron  Search this
Garden borders  Search this
Gates  Search this
Finials  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Benches, stone  Search this
Garden borders  Search this
Vinca  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item FL094011
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Florida / FL094: Palm Beach -- Villa Leoncini
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb62eaa9bd4-3aae-4c5d-8164-44a89fab9c26
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12342

Charlotte -- Elizabeth Lawrence Garden

Landscape designer:
Lawrence, Elizabeth, 1904-1985  Search this
Provenance:
The French Broad River Garden Club Foundation  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Elizabeth Lawrence Garden (Charlotte, North Carolina)
United States of America -- North Carolina -- Mecklenburg County -- Charlotte
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a work sheet, research papers (2004), magazine articles, copies of newspaper article, woody plant list (June 2005), Elizabeth Lawrence Garden foundation mission, and site maps.
Biographical / Historical:
Elizabeth Lawrence, author of A Southern Garden (1942) and other garden-related books.
General:
Established in 1949 by Elizabeth Lawrence, the property has no lawn. The entire property, only 75x225 feet, includes a parking area, driveway, and house. The remaining space is plantings and pathways. A narrow path between a bamboo hedge and a fence covered with garden tiles provides the garden entrance. In the back, intricately designed partiers are outlined with stone. Numerous seating areas and small statuary are found throughout the garden. Designed for privacy in a neighborhood of close neighbors, Elizabeth Lawrence used the garden as a laboratory and sat at a desk overlooking the garden. The garden was renovated in 1986 and is maintained by a devotee of her work. According to the Garden Conservancy, the structure of the garden remains "essentially the same and as much as sixty percent of Lawrence's own plantings continue to prosper." The Friends of the Elizabeth Lawrence Garden, with the Garden Conservancy, was formed to preserve the garden.
Persons and organizations associated with the property include: Elizabeth Lawrence (former owner, 1949-1984), James Sommers (former owner, 1984-1986); Elizabeth Lawrence (landscape designer); David Wagner, AIA (remodel architect); Steve Del Vecchio (gardener); Mecklenburg County Master Gardeners (volunteer project); Charlotte Garden Club, affiliated with Mint Museum (volunteer in garden); and Friends of Elizabeth Lawrence (foundation for preservation).
Related Materials:
Elizabeth Lawrence Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (17 35 mm. slides)
Archives of Elizabeth Lawrence located at North Carolina State University.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- North Carolina -- Charlotte  Search this
Woodland gardens  Search this
Gardening in the shade  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NC071
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / North Carolina
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb650cbccfa-4a1e-4b5a-a271-7fac6448115a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12967

Saluda -- Pearson's Falls

Former owner:
Pearson, Charles William  Search this
Pearson, Giles  Search this
Naturalist:
Peattie, Donald Culross  Search this
Author:
Peattie, Donald Culross  Search this
Botanist:
Freeman, Oliver M.  Search this
Owner:
Tryon Garden Club  Search this
Gardener:
Tryon Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Pearson's Falls (Saluda, North Carolina)
United States of America -- North Carolina -- Saluda
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet with additional information about individuals associated with the garden, site plans, a copy of Donald Culross Peattie's booklet about the site, and copies of brochures and newspaper articles.
General:
Pearson's Falls is a 267-acre tract of land that the Tryon Garden Club of Tryon, NC, rescued from development in 1931. The falls were discovered by Charles William Pearson, a young engineer searching for a route for the Southern Railway in 1876. He purchased the land and it remained in the Pearson family until it was bought by the Tryon Garden Club. It is maintained today by a caretaker and volunteers from the club. Within the tract a wild flower garden and preserve are maintained. It is located in an unusual climatic area in the Blue Ridge Mountains called the "Isothermal Belt," where the winters are lighter and the summers longer, providing unusual growth possibilities. Located on Colt Creek just before it joins the Pacolet River, the garden preserve has over 200 species of wild flowers growing in the granite rocks and loamy soil along the creek. The garden walk follows the creek up to the 90-foot falls. There are blooms except in deepest snow. The property, which is open to the public for a small fee, is truly one of the gems of preservation of a natural garden and provides significant opportunities for study and wild flower identification.
Persons and organizations associated with the site include: Charles William Pearson (former owner, 1876-1903); Giles Pearson (former owner, 1903-1931); Donald Culross Peattie (naturalist and author); Oliver M. Freeman (botanist); and the Tryon Garden Club (owners and gardeners, 1931 to date).
Related Materials:
Pearson's Falls related holdings consist of 1 folder (7 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- North Carolina -- Saluda  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NC053
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / North Carolina
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6ca743b63-0666-443a-bf67-eb82d2c7e620
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12977

Chevy Chase -- Clarence Moore Garden

Former owner:
Moore, Clarence  Search this
Maury Mr. Mrs.  Search this
Rouse Mrs.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Andrews, Bentley  Search this
Designer:
Roberts, Louise  Search this
Horticulturist:
McBride, Mimi  Search this
Photographer:
Blommer, Margaret K.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Moore Garden (Chevy Chase, Maryland)
United States of America -- Maryland -- Montgomery County -- Chevy Chase
General:
"Hedges surround the front of this house creating a quiet country setting. In the early 1900s, it was this country setting near the Chevy Chase Country Club where horsemen and fox hunters donned their red coats to follow hounds. Clarence Moore, master of the Chevy Chase Country Hunt from January 16, 1899 to April 15, 1912, lived here until his death when he went down with the Titanic (April 15, 1912) returning with new hounds for the Chevy Chase Hunt."
"The natural woodland garden slopes down from the back of the house to a stream and abuts the expansive golf course of the Chevy Chase Club. Rough-hewn railroad tie steps and natural pine bark paths lead to meditation gardens where one can sit and reflect on the natural beauty of the garden and nearby sculptures and birdhouses. Two bridges, one with a wood frame, cross the stream allowing access to the entire back gardens. Perennials placed throughout the borders to create color from spring to fall are easily viewed from the back deck and side porch."
Persons associated with the property include: Clarence Moore (master of Chevy Chase Hunt and former owner from 1899 to April 15, 1912); Mr. and Mrs. Maury (former owners in 1930's); Mrs. Rouse (former owner in 1950s); Bentley Andrews (landscape architect, 1986-1989); Louise Roberts (front plantings and landscape, 1982); Mimi McBride (planting materials and planning, 1992); and Margaret K. Blommer (photographer and GCA volunteer, 1996).
Related Materials:
Clarence Moore Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (19 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Maryland -- Chevy Chase  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File MD198
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Maryland
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6dc5be888-a72e-48de-b538-e001cb156d9d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref14175

Garden Center Of Cleveland

Creator:
Garden Center of Cleveland  Search this
Wade, Jeptha Homer, III  Search this
City Of Cleveland  Search this
Fine Arts Garden (Cleveland, Ohio)  Search this
Cleveland Culture Gardens  Search this
Architect:
Platt, William, 1897-1984  Search this
Platt, Geoffrey  Search this
Landscape architect:
Rapuano, Michael  Search this
Barns, Elsetta Gilchrist  Search this
Knight, Charles L.  Search this
Behnke, William A.  Search this
Slawson, David A.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Ohio -- Cleveland
United States of America -- Ohio -- Cuyahoga County -- Cleveland
Date:
1937
General:
The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland is an non-profit organization for horticulture education and gardening. There are a variety of gardens that are maintained by staff and volunteers such as a reading garden, herb garden, rose garden, Japanese garden, etc. . .
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Aerial views  Search this
Parking lots  Search this
Knot gardens  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Patios  Search this
Ponds  Search this
Walkways  Search this
Streets  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item OH107001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Ohio / OH107: Cleveland -- Garden Center Of Cleveland
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb69e887276-cc17-422a-ae89-9eed1d8745f1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref15987

Garden Center Of Cleveland

Creator:
Garden Center of Cleveland  Search this
Wade, Jeptha Homer, III  Search this
City Of Cleveland  Search this
Fine Arts Garden (Cleveland, Ohio)  Search this
Cleveland Culture Gardens  Search this
Architect:
Platt, William, 1897-1984  Search this
Platt, Geoffrey  Search this
Landscape architect:
Rapuano, Michael  Search this
Barns, Elsetta Gilchrist  Search this
Knight, Charles L.  Search this
Behnke, William A.  Search this
Slawson, David A.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Ohio -- Cleveland
United States of America -- Ohio -- Cuyahoga County -- Cleveland
Date:
1937
General:
The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland is an non-profit organization for horticulture education and gardening. There are a variety of gardens that are maintained by staff and volunteers such as a reading garden, herb garden, rose garden, Japanese garden, etc. . . Swetland Rose Garden, established in 1971. C. W. Knight, Landscape Architect. Two 35-mm slide duplicates.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Fountains  Search this
Walkways  Search this
Rose gardens  Search this
Edging (inorganic)  Search this
Pavements  Search this
Benches  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item OH107002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Ohio / OH107: Cleveland -- Garden Center Of Cleveland
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6e7292442-a3f2-45c3-9479-f52be40c25d6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref15988

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