Includes vocabulary and other notes on Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Sinecu, Sumas, "Pueblita three miles from Jemez," Isleta, Peyote, Macuchi (?), and "Tepehuan[e]." Also 14 loose pages, various sizes, containing miscellaneous bibliographic notes and extracts relating to several of the above, and to Piro and "Quivira."
Biographical / Historical:
Front pages have been cut out; these may have been dated from 1894-5. Sinecu and Isleta notes marked "D7-97" and "D15-97" respectively; evidently dated December 7 and 15, 1897. See 19th Annual Report, Bureau of American Ethnology for year 1897-98, page xvi, referring to Mooney's trip to this area in December, 1897. --MCB 1/67.
Photographs depicting Native American baskets and portraits of Native Americans with whom C. Hart Merriam worked, as well as scenic views and images of animals and plants, mostly in California. Many of the photographs were made by Merriam himself or his daughter Zenaida Merriam Talbot. In addition, Merriam collected photographs from other researchers and photographers, including J. S. Diller, John Peabody Harrington, Henry Wetherbee Henshaw, and O. E. Meddaugh. There are also images acquired from the Boysen Studio of Yosemite and photographs of Mark Twain, John Muir, basketmaker Maggie James, and Merriam's family.
Clinton Hart Merriam (1855-1942) was a Columbia University-educated physician who worked as a naturalist, including as head of the Biological Survey for the US Department of Agriculture. He joined the Harriman Alaska Expedition as a zoologist in 1899. In 1910, he left the USDA and began to conduct research among California tribes. Financed by Mary W. Harriman and the E. H. Harriman Fund administered by the Smithsonian, he researched tribes' vocabularies, history, mythology, crafts (particularly basketmaking) until about 1936. His resarch was assisted by his daughter, Zenaida, who took photographs and painted glass slides for him. Merriam served as President of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1920-1921.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 74-27
Additional information supplied by Marvin Shodas.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Merriam's notes held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 1563 and in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in SIA Acc. 12-264.
Additional photographs by Merriam held in the National Museum of American Indian Archives in the Mary Harriman Rumsey Photograph Collection and the Harriman Alaska Expedition Photograph Collection.
Correspondence from Merriam held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4558, the Department of Anthropology records (Manuscript and Pamphlet file), Bureau of American Ethnology records, J.C. Pilling Papers, Ales Hrdlicka Papers, and Jesse Logan Nusbaum Papers.
The Bancroft Library at University of California, Berkeley holds the C. Hart Merriam Papers, C. Hart Merriam Collection of Native American Photographs (prints corresponding to negatives in this collection), and C. Hart Merriam pictorial collection.
Apache terms obtained from some Chiricahua Apaches, sent as delegates to the U. S. Government from the San Carlos Reservation, Arizona, and present at the Fremont House, Washington, on February 12, 1884, pages 5-6; terms of the Tsigakina dialect, pages 7-8; Sentences in the Navajo dialect of Apache, obtained from Frank Hamilton Cushing, 1882, and Single terms in the Navajo dialect of Apache, obtained from the same, pages 9-12; Navajo terms obtained from the interpreter of a Navajo delegation present in Washington in 1885, Saturday, November 28, 1885, pages 14-16; and Some words of Jicarilla Apache, from Eski'e, present in Washington, D.C. January 5, 1884, with comparison from Buschmann's Collection, pages 18-19.
Informants for Apache data on pages 1-8 (according to account in Washington Evening Star noted by Gatschet, page 8): Antonio (San Carlos); Chiquito Hey (Tonto); As-Kadsdilges (Chiricahua); Sergeant Not (Knott?), scout for the army division under General Crook. The informant, Eski'e, called himself a Mescalero Apache. (page 19).
A note on page 8, referring to the foregoing vocabulary, reads, "Original in my folio manuscript XX, page 189. (This original not located as of 12/1969).
Dictionary of Jicarilla Apache = Abáachi mizaa iłkee' siijai Wilhelmina Phone, Maureen Olson, and Matilda Martinez ; edited by Melissa Axelrod, Jule Gómez de García, and Jordan Lachler ; computational lexicography by Sean M. Burke
The North American Indian : being a series of volumes picturing and describing the Indians of the United States and Alaska / written, illustrated, and published by Edward S. Curtis ; edited by Frederick Webb Hodge ; foreword by Theodore Roosevelt ; field research conducted under the patronage of J. Pierpont Morgan
Describing the Indians of the United States, the Dominion of Canada and Alaska
Copied from Reports of Secretary of Warar, Senate ex. document No. 64, 31st Cong., 1st sess., 1850. Simpsonʹs contribution to this report included "35 words of the Ticorilla [sic], a branch of the Apaches (no. 8), obtained by Lieutenant Simpson from an Apache Indian, a prisoner in the guard-house at Santa Fe."-- Information from Pilling, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 14, page 94.
NAA MS 115
Gibbs copied 9 Simpson vocabularies; the title page for the whole group is filed with Manuscript No. 104-a. (Note added by SJB 12/1969.)
Vocabulary listed according to categories in Powellʼs printed outline with added information on culture, customs and religion.
Biographical / Historical:
Informants: Gunʹ -si Vigil, interpreter, educated at Santa Fe and Fort Lewis Indian schools; Juan Quintana, "authority for many names of plants and narrator of most of the animal tales and information regarding the sun;" and Reuben [Quintana], interpreter for Juan.
NAA MS 1302-a
Identified as Jicarilla Apache by comparison with manuscript numbers 115 and 116.