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Peace Corps Volunteers collection

Names:
Peace Corps (U.S.)  Search this
Ballendorf, Dirk  Search this
Riesenberg, Saul H.  Search this
Viola, Herman J. (1938-)  Search this
Extent:
25 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Manuscripts
Letters
Photographs
Printed material
Processed materials
Audiotapes
Administrative records
Place:
Costa Rica
Oman
Dahomey
Swaziland
Tanzania
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Togo
Upper Volta
El Salvador
Turkey
Ethiopia
Tunisia
Gabon
Ghana
Guatemala
Guinea
Thailand
Honduras
Burkina Faso
Kenya
Jamaica
Iran
Indonesia
Korea
Malaysia
Malawi
Liberia
Marshall Islands
Ceylon
Ivory Coast
Morocco
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Nepal
Niger
Brazil
Botswana
Bolivia
Nigeria
Afghanistan
Micronesia
Antigua
Pakistan
Philippines
Peru
Panama
China
Somalia
Sierra Leone
Senegal
Colombia
India
Chad
Chile
Date:
1920-1984
Scope and Contents:
The collection includes contributions from 101 former volunteers or administrators who served in such countries and regions as Afghanistan, Antigua, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ceylon, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dahomey, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, Korea, Liberia, Malawi, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Morocco, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Swaziland,Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey and Upper Volta.

The volunteers were involved in diverse assignments such as education, community development, agriculture, health work, and service through such special skills as art, surveying, mechanics, and photography. Two additional collections are including materials of missionaries that were offered to the archives as the result of the program to collect Peace Corps materials. Included are diaries, correspondence, writings, printed and processed material, sound recordings, and administrative materials. There are also photographic materials that show such subjects as traditional and modern agriculture, architecture, body scarification, ceremonies, dance, dress, fishing, food preparation and other domestic activities, industry, medicine, and transportation.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
Arranged numerically, with indexes based upon creator names and subject of materials.
Historical note:
In 1975, Herman Joseph Viola, the director of the National Anthropological Archives; Saul Herbert Riesenberg, the curator for Oceania Ethnology in the Smithsonianʹs Department of Anthropology; and Dirk Ballendorf, assistant chief of programs and training for Peace Corps operations in North Africa, the Near East, Asia, and the Pacific, worked out a program whereby the archives would collect materials of former Peace Corps volunteers. In addition to photographic and other materials of potential use to many researchers, the collection was intended to document the impact of the volunteers on host countries and the experiences of the volunteers in working in foreign cultures.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. In some cases, copyright or literary property rights have been retained by the donor.
Topic:
Cookery  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Dance  Search this
Fishing  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Industry  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Body scarification  Search this
Dress  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Manuscripts
Letters
Photographs
Printed material
Processed materials
Audiotapes
Administrative records
Citation:
Peace Corps Volunteers collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1975-43
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw36b879838-37b2-42bc-be41-d91ace56fcd9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1975-43

Herman J. Viola photograph collection relating to Star Hawk Pow Wow, American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program, and acquisition trips for NAA

Creator:
Viola, Herman J. (1938-)  Search this
Names:
American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program  Search this
Smithsonian Institution, Department of Anthropology, National Anthropological Archives, Native American Cultural Resources Training Program  Search this
Hunt, Wolf Robe, 1905-1977  Search this
Photographer:
Genete, Rev. Salvatore  Search this
Krantz, Victor  Search this
Neufeld, Harry B.  Search this
Warren, Dave.  Search this
Extent:
120 Negatives (circa, 35 mm)
31 Color slides
300 Prints (circa, silver gelatin)
310 Negatives (circa, acetate)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Oneida  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Cree  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Makah  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Hupa  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Yavapai  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Coos (Kusan)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Northwest Coast  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Wyandot  Search this
Klallam (Clallam)  Search this
Plains Apache (Kiowa Apache)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Wintu  Search this
Missouria (Missouri)  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Osage  Search this
Nisqually  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Nuwuvi (Southern Paiute)  Search this
Puyallup  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Fox  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ute  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Tunica  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
White Mountain Apache  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Wampanoag  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Cayuga  Search this
Tulalip  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Color slides
Prints
Photographs
Date:
1970-1991
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by Herman J. Viola, depicting the 1973 Institute of American Indian Art meeting, Wolf Robe Hunt and his Acoma pottery, the transfer of Blue Eagle collection from Mae Abbott home to National Anthropological archives, and the 1974 Star Hawk Pow Wow in Watonga, Oklahoma. Additionally, there are photographs of NAA staff and the 1974 Acee Blue Eagle reception at NAA, possibly made by Viola. The collection also contains some photographs of Wounded Knee taken by Rev. Salvatore Genete, and copies of official portraits of Governor Aquillar of San Ildefonso Pueblo made by Harry B. Neufeld. There are also National Archives photographs of Chinese Boxer Rebellion prints, and Young watercolors and Alden sketches of American landscapes.

Much of the collection consists of portraits of participants in the NAA's American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program made by Smithsonian photographers, including Victor Krantz. These individuals include: Harry Walters, Navajo; Anna Walters, Otoe-Pawnee; George Sutton, Southern Arapaho; Sarah Yazzie, Navajo; Rubie Sootkis, Norther Cheyenne; David Fanman, Cheyenne; Augustine Smith, Navajo; Lorraine Bigman, Navajo; Jim Jefferson, Southern Ute; Rose Marie Pierite Gallardo, Tunica-Biloxi; George Horse Capture, Gros Ventre; Violet Zospah, White Mountain Apache; Gloria Anderson, Mille Lacs; Wenonah Silva, Wampanoag; Claire Lamont, Oglala; George Wasson, Coos-Coquille; Virginia Martin, Yakama; Gary Roybal, San Ildefonso; Richard Ground, Sihasapa; Almeda Baker, Hidatsa; June Finley, Hidatsa; Lida Young Wolf, Hidatsa; Christine Webster, Menominee; Rose Marie Roybal, Puyallup; Vivienne Jake, Kaibab-Paiute; Kim Yerton, Hupa; Dean Jacobs, Ojibwa; Lois Nowlin, Shawnee; Bonita McCloud, Nisqually; Gloria Maude Blackbird Cheswalla, Osage; Emily Peake, Ojibwa; Gordon McLester, Oneida; Mary Seth, Nez Perce; Bill Tohee, Oto-Missouria; Frank LaPena, Wintu; Juanita McQuistion, Wyandot; Carson Waterman, Seneca; Elton Stumbling Bear, Kiowa Apache; Patrick Chief Stick, Chippewa-Cree; Lynne Walks-on-Top, Spokane; Ethelyn Garfield, Paiute; Nora Dauenhauer, Tlingit; Caroline B. Jones, Tulalip; Grace F. Thorpe, Sauk and Fox; Dixie Lee Davis, Yavapai; Lynn D. Pauahty, Kiowa; David Lee Harding, Ojibwa; Robert V. Bojorcas, Klamath; Patty Leah Harjo, Seneca-Cayuga; Steven DeCoteau, Clallam; Robert Van Gunten, Ojibwa; Danny K. Marshall, Steilacoom; Meredith P. Flinn, Makah; Rhonda Hulsey, Chickasaw; Betty J. Brown, Choctaw; Vernon Calavaza, Zuni; Jack Bowen Jr., Upper Skagit; and Harry William Jr., Pima.
Biographical/Historical note:
Herman Joseph Viola is a historian of Native Americans who was director of the National Anthropological Archives from 1972-1989 and founding editor of Prologue: The Journal of the National Archives. In 1973, he launched the American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program, designed to encourage Native Americans to become professional archivists, librarians, curators, and historians through research and internships at the NAA.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 74-17
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds Viola's papers from 1980-1981.
Records relating to the American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the Records of the National Anthropological Archives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Archives -- Acquisitions  Search this
Powwows  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 74-17, Herman J. Viola photograph collection relate to Star Hawk Pow Wow, American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program, and acquisition trips for NAA, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.74-17
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38b2cbdd1-1e36-4d17-ad93-93934686e26f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-74-17

Herman J. Viola papers

Creator:
Viola, Herman J. (1938-)  Search this
Extent:
53.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1970 - circa 1995
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of material created and collected by Herman Viola. The materials document both his scholarly research and his work for the National Archives and as director of the National Anthropological Archives. The collection contains notes from library and archival sources concerning Indian delegations, particularly those to Washington, D. C. Included is a list of delegations and delegates. The material covers the period from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries, with most concerning the period 1800-1936. The material was collected in work on Diplomats in Buckskin (Smithsonian Press, 1981).

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Biographical Note:
Herman Joseph Viola is a historian of the American Indian. He received his B.A. and M.A. from Marquette University, and his Ph.D. from Indiana University/Bloomington. He has an honorary doctor degree from Wittingberg University, Springfield, Ohio. Formerly a National Archives archivist and founding editor of Prologue: The Journal of the National Archives, he was the director of the National Anthropological Archives from 1972 to 1989.
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds the Herman J. Viola photographs of Joe Medicine Crow and his family (NAA.PhotoLot.89-41) and the Herman J. Viola photograph collection relating to Star Hawk Pow Wow, American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program, and acquisition trips for NAA (NAA.PhotoLot.74-17).
Restrictions:
The Herman J. Viola papers are open for research. The collection contains some restricted materials. Contact the repository for more information.

Access to the Herman J. Viola papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Citation:
Herman J. Viola papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.XXXX.0331
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3991304e1-002b-4157-8db5-44eadad1ba93
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-xxxx-0331

Herman J. Viola photographs of Joe Medicine Crow and his family

Creator:
Viola, Herman J. (1938-)  Search this
Names:
Medicine Crow, Joseph, 1913-2016  Search this
Extent:
11 Color prints
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Color prints
Date:
1988
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of Crow Indians made by Herman Viola, a Smithsonian historian, on June 25, 1988. Depicted individuals include Joe Medicine Crow, his mother Amy White Man Runs Him, David Medicine Crow, and Chester Medicine Crow. Two of the photographs depict Herman Viola and some were made at a Baptist camp on the Crow Reservation.
Biographical/Historical note:
Dr. Herman J. Viola is a curator emeritus at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History. Earning his B.A. and M.A. from Marquette University and his Ph.D. from Indiana University, he was also awarded an honorary doctorate degree from Wittingberg University, Springfield, Ohio. A specialist on Native American history, the Civil War, and the exploration of the American West, he served as director of the National Anthropological Archives. Prior to joining the staff of the Smithsonian Institution in 1972, he was an archivist at the National Archives of the United States.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 89-41
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds Viola's papers from 1980-1981.
Additional photographs by Viola can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 74-17.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Baptists  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot 89-41, Herman J. Viola photographs of Joe Medicine Crow and his family, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.89-41
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw35cd058a5-36bf-4f3e-b11f-21c4a2b544f8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-89-41

MS 7293 The Ewers-Wedel symposium

Speaker:
Viola, Herman J. (1938-)  Search this
Ubelaker, Douglas H.  Search this
Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005  Search this
Dempsey, Hugh A.  Search this
Parks, Douglas R.  Search this
Medicine Crow, Joseph, 1913-2016  Search this
Wedel, Mildred Mott  Search this
Hanson, James A.  Search this
Wessell, Thomas R.  Search this
Gunnerson, James H.  Search this
Gunnerson, D.  Search this
Hesse, Brian  Search this
Fowler, Loretta  Search this
Hotopp, John A.  Search this
Frison, George  Search this
Stanford, Dennis J.  Search this
Creator:
Forbis, Richard G.  Search this
Gradwohl, David Mayer  Search this
Extent:
14 Items (tapes )
Culture:
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lectures
Date:
April 24, 1980
Scope and Contents:
See the brochure for contents. Speakers include Douglas Henry Ubelaker, Herman J. Viola, Richard Fiske, William Fenton, H. Dempsey, Douglas Parks, Joe Medicine Crow, Mildred Wedel, James Hanson, T. Wessell, J. Gunnerson, D. Gunnerson, Brian Hesse, Loretta Fowler, J. Hotopp, George Frison, D. Gradwohl, and Dennis Stanford. All speakers materials were published except for Uberlaker's, Viola's, and Fiske's opening remarks, Joe Medicine Crow's "The Crow migration story", and D. Gunnerson's "Apachean migration and adaptation" (a slide lecture)
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7293
Local Note:
Seven-inch tape records 1/2 track, 7.5 ips.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lectures
Citation:
Manuscript 7293, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7293
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw375818c7e-b056-4a20-ba48-5be1d93ddb9f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7293

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