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1958 Kuna Indians (San Blas Indians) - Panama

Creator:
Human Studies Film Archives  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2013-04-18T14:48:29.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
See more by:
HSFAFilmClips
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives
YouTube Channel:
HSFAFilmClips
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_tqRrdIBYHfQ

Invitation to a dinner given by the Penguin club for Charles D. Farrand

Subject:
Farrand, Charles D.  Search this
Penguin Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Date:
1917
Topic:
Menus  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)12147
See more items in:
Louis Bouché papers, 1880-2007
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_12147
Online Media:

Alaska Archeological Expeditions

Collection Creator:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Extent:
4.75 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1912-1938
bulk 1926-1938
Scope and Contents:
This series includes diaries, correspondence, notes, maps, anthropometric and osteometric measurements, reprints, manuscripts, and printed material related to fieldwork done in Alaska by Hrdlička and others. Of special interest is the material collected by Riley Moore on his 1912 trip to St. Lawrence Island for the Panama-California Exposition. Hrdlička made ten trips to Alaska between 1926 and 1938. On the first trip, sponsored by the Bureau of American Ethnology, he was to conduct an anthropological and archeological survey of Alaska. Other commitments kept Hrdlička from returning until 1929 when he again was sponsored by the B.A.E.; Hrdlička's purpose on this trip, as it would be on future trips, was to learn as much as possible about the Indians and Eskimos (including anthropometric measurements), to trace old settlements and migration paths, and to collect important skeletal and archeological material. In the summer of 1930, Hrdlička made two trips along the Kuskokwim River and in 1931, his work extended to the Nushagak River, the Molchatna River, the Wood River, Bristol Bay, the Kvichak River, parts of the Iliamna Lake region, and Uyak Bay of Kodiak Island. It was at this later stop that Hrdlička discovered the Jones Point (also referred to as Our Point) site in Uyak Bay. Hrdlička was aided on this trip by B.R. Hart and Gordon Jones of the Alaska Packers Association; A.W. Shiels, F. Daly, A.D. Daly, and A.S. Foster of the Pacific American Fisheries; and Laura Jones, Gordon's wife. Hrdlička retured to the Jones Point site in 1932, 1934, 1935, and for most of 1936. Besides excavating there in 1932, Hrdlička performed trial excavations at Chief's Point and other sites, and an archeological survey of Kodiak Island. He was aided again by B.R. Hart and Gordon and Laura Jones. Hrdlička returned in 1934 with a volunteer student crew, receiving in addition the help of Hart and the Joneses. That year Hrdlička added a brief Survey of the Cooks Inlet region and the mainland opposite Kodiak Island at Jones Point. The 1935 work was done exclusively at Jones Point. Hrdlička was helped again by Gordon Jones and a crew of volunteer professors and students. Four volunteers, in addition to the Joneses, accompanied Hrdlička in 1936. Excavations were carried out at Jones Point until late June. The remainder of 1936 was spent excavating at Dutch Harbor and Unalaska Island; on Atka, Kiska, Attu, Little Kiska, and Large Kiska islands; and in a mummy cave of Kagamil Island in the Four Mountain Group. Hrdlička concentrated on the Aleutian Islands and the Commander Islands for his Alaska expeditions in 1937 and 1938. In 1937 with six volunteer students, Hrdlička explored Unalaska Island and the Four Mountain Group, Attu Island, the Commander Islands, Agatu Island, Tanaga Island, Ilak Island, Adak Island, Umnak Island, and Shiprock Island. For the 1938 trip, Hrdlička purposed to collect data on pre-Aleut people, to determine if the Commander Islands served as a second land bridge, and to re-examine the burial caves and search for other such caves. He took several student volunteers. Exploration was carried out on Shiprock Island, Sviechnikov Harbor on Amlia Island, Ilak Island, Amchitka Island, Umnak Island (Nikolski village), the Commander Islands (Sarania Bay and Korabelni Bay), the Four Mountain Group, Bogoslav Island, and Amoknak Island.

See Series 37: Photographs, "Alaska Field Views" for additional materials, including illustrations used in Hrdlička's publications on Alaska. See Series 3: Correspondence, "Alaskan Reports", "Botsford, James W.", "Cary, Francis", "Cowper, Harold W., Jr.", "Erskine, John", "Erstein, Richard", "Hart, B.R.", "Jones, Gordon and Laura", "Parkes, George A." (Governor of Alaska), and "WI-WIL" for Edwin W. Wicht for letters about the Alaska expeditions. See Series 3: Correspondence, "Barton, Joe", "Bell, Earl H.", "Connor, Sydney", "Corner, George", "Gebhardt, Paul", "Guggenheim, Paul", "Heizer, Robert F.", "Laughlin, William S.", "MacRae, Thurman", "May, Alan G.", "McKee, Charles Bradford", "Osborne, Matthew F. Maury", "Seashore, Stanley E.", "Seib, George A.", "Weber, Tom", "Wineman, Walter", "Zarbell, Ivar H.", and "Zickefoose, Harold E." for correspondence with Hrdlička's volunteer professors and students. A map of Norton Sound and Seward Peninsula sites is in the Henry Bascom Collins papers.
Collection Restrictions:
The Aleš Hrdlička papers are open for research.

Access to the Aleš Hrdlička papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Aleš Hrdlička papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1974-31, Series 9
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-31-ref2113

Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona

Photographer:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Owner:
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Source:
Lumholtz, Carl, 1851-1922  Search this
Names:
Hyde Exploring Expedition (1902-1903)  Search this
Former owner:
Lumholtz, Carl, 1851-1922  Search this
Extent:
588 Photographic prints
190 Copy negatives
Culture:
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Havasupai (Coconino)  Search this
Opata  Search this
Yoeme (Yaqui)  Search this
Otomí (Otomi)  Search this
Cora  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Wixarika (Huichol)  Search this
Seri  Search this
Nahua  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Yoreme (Mayo)  Search this
Purepecha (Tarasco)  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
Tepecano  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Place:
Casa Grande (Ariz.)
Arizona -- photographs
Mexico -- Photographs
Date:
1898-1902
Summary:
This collection contains photographic prints and copy negatives taken by Ales Hrdlicka in Arizona and Mexico between 1898 and 1902. The majority of the photographs were donated by George Pepper to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in 1923. Native communities that Hrdlicka photographed during his research include--Purepecha (Tarasco), Yoeme (Yaqui), Hualapai (Walapai), Havasupai (Coconino), Piipaash (Maricopa), Mojave (Mahave), Tohono O'odham (Papapgo), Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Tepecano, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Opata, Cora, Seri, Wixarika (Huichol), Nahua, Otomi and Yoreme (Mayo). Ales Hrdlicka (1869-1943) was born in the Czech Republic moved to the United States in 1881. Hrdlicka became known as the "Father" of Physical Anthropology and worked at the U.S. National Museum (now the National Museum of Natural History).
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains photographic prints taken by Ales Hrdlicka in Arizona and Mexico between 1898 and 1902. It is likely that many of the photographs were taken in 1902 as a part of the Hyde exploring expeditions on behalf of the American Museum of Natural History. Some of these photographs were taken by Carl Lumholtz and not Hrdlicka. Native communities that Hrdlicka photographed during his research include--Purepecha (Tarasco), Yoeme (Yaqui), Hualapai (Walapai), Havasupai (Coconino), Piipaash (Maricopa), Mojave (Mahave), Tohono O'odham (Papapgo), Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Tepecano, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Opata, Cora, Seri, Wixarika (Huichol), Nahua, Otomi, and Yoreme (Mayo). Locations photographed in Mexico include--Michoacán, Sonora, Mesa del Encanto and the Ruins of Totoate in Jalisco, Ruins of La Quamada and Ruins of Teul in Zacatecas, Nayarit State, and the central altiplano. Locations photographed in Arizona include--Casa Grande in Pinal County, Fort Yuma Reservation, Supai in Coconino County and the Mission San Xavier del Bac.

The photographs include a large amount of posed portraits of men and women, none of them identified in our collection. Hrdlicka often posed his subjects both facing forward and in profile so that he could better examine their physical attributes.There are some group portraits as well as scenic shots of houses, churches and village views. Hrdlicka also photographed archaeological ruins inlcuding Casa Grande, Mesa del Encanto, Totoate, La Quamada and Teul.

The copy negatives that were made from the prints in the late 1960s by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
Arrangement:
The majority of the photographs have been left in the order that they were originally cataloged. Photographs from the various tribal communities in Arizona and Mexico are in Series 1-16, each community with its own series. The final series, Series 17, contains photographs from various archaeological ruins in Arizona and Mexico.
Biographical / Historical:
Ales Hrdlicka (1869-1943) was born in Bohemia in and came to America when he was thirteen. As a young man, he was trained in medicine at New York's Eclectic Medical College and the New York Homeopathic Medical College, receiving degrees from each. His first professional work was as a private practitioner, but he gave that up in 1894 when he joined the staff of the New York State Hospital for the Insane at Middletown. There, in addition to other duties, he began studies of the physical characteristics of inmates. In 1896, in preparation for a research appointment with the Department of Anthropology in the Pathological Institute of the New York State hospitals, Hrdlicka went to Paris and studied with Leon Manouvrier. After his return to America, he worked for a short period with the Pathological Institute and came into contact with G.S. Huntington, of the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York. Hrdlicka arranged and studied Huntington's large collection of skeletal material, thus gaining knowledge of a well-documented collection representing largely normal persons of European ancestry. He furthermore came to the attention of Frederic Ward Putnam, of the American Museum of Natural History, who arranged for his first anthropological field studies.

Hrdlicka became a member of the Hyde Expeditions to the American Southwest and northern Mexico. In 1898, he traveled to Mexico with Carl Lumholtz to study the Tarahumaras, Huichols, and neighboring tribes. In subsequent years, he returned to Mexico and the Southwest alone and studied physical characteristics and medical conditions of several American Indian tribes. Following this experience and examinations of the Trenton and Lansing skeletal material for Putnam, Hrdlicka was appointed head of the newly formed Division of Physical Anthropology in the United States National Museum in 1903.

In 1905, Hrdlicka returned to the Southwest for studies of Pima and Apache children and, in the following year, traveled to Florida to examine allegedly ancient remains of man. In 1908, he worked among a number of Native American tribes, including the Menominee, Oglala Dakota, Quinailt, Hupa, and Mohave, in a study of tuberculosis among them. In 1909, he traveled to Egypt with an expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York in order to study living Egyptians and to examine remains of Egypt's past population. The following year took him to Argentina, Peru, and Mexico. In the first of these, he again examined allegedly ancient remains of man. In Peru, he made a large collection of skeletal material near Trujillo, at Pachamac, and in the Chicama Valley.

Between 1912-1914, Hrdlicka undertook a physical anthropological exhibit for the Panama-California Exposition in San Diego and, for this, traveled to eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Peru, and Florida. He also examined fossil remains of man in Europe and directed field work of other anthropologists in South and East Africa, St. Lawrence Island in Alaska, the Philippines, eastern Siberia, and the Ukraine. In 1915, for the Department of Justice, he assessed the racial makeup of Chippewas on the Leech Lake and White Earth reservations in Minnesota and also studied Dakota Indians. In 1917, his field work was directed toward white American families with longtime residence in the United States. In 1918, he carried out a survey of ancient sites in eastern Florida for the Bureau of American Ethnology. In 1920, he traveled to Hawaii, Japan, Korea, and Manchuria in connection with an appointment to lecture at the Peking Union Medical College. As director of the American School for Prehistoric Studies in France, he again studied fossil remains of man in Europe in 1922 and 1923. In 1925, he carried out work in India, Ceylon, Java, Australia, South Africa, and Europe. In 1927, he was again in Europe to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture before the Royal Anthropological Society in Great Britain. Between 1929 and 1938, he traveled frequently to Alaska to carry on an anthropological survey. In 1939, he traveled to Russia and Siberia.

Beginning with much of the skeletal collection of the Army Medical Museum, which had been transferred to the Smithsonian in 1898 before he was appointed there, Hrdlicka amassed a bone collection that included, among many other specimens, the Huntington collection, casts of fossil remains of man, and a large and diverse North American collection. He also gathered a large collection of human brains. Over three hundred publications resulted from his study of this material, his field work, and his study of specimens in other museums. In addition, he was involved in many other activities. For United States government agencies, he provided services ranging from examinations of human remains for law enforcement officials to providing information and opinions concerning national origins and traits that were needed to interpret laws and form foreign policy. During World War II, he also advised government officials on policies to be pursued with certain national groups following the war.

In 1918, Hrdlicka founded the American Journal of Physical Anthropology and remained its editor until 1942. In 1928, he was the major force behind the organization of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and served as its president in 1928-1932. He was also president of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1907, the American Anthroplogical Association in 1925-1927, and the Washington Academy of Sciences in 1928-1929. He was chairman of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1918 and secretary of the Committee on Anthropology of the National Research Council in 1917. In addition, Hrdlicka was a member of the American Philosophical Society and the National Academy of Sciences. He represented the Smithsonian at several international gatherings of scholars, including meetings of the International Congress of Americanists.

Biographical note courtesy of the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History. See Ales Hrdlicka Papers. Edited by Rachel Menyuk, Processing Archivist at the National Museum of the American Indian.
Related Materials:
The majority of Ales Hrdlicka's papers and photographs are located at the National Athropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. In addition to the Ales Hrdlicka Papers ca. 1887-1943 additional Hrdlicka photographs can be found in photographic lots 8, Division of Physical Anthropology collection; 9, photographs of Indians for the Panama-California Exposition, San Diego; 24, Bureau of American Ethnology, United States National Museum photographs of American Indians; 70, Department of Anthropology portrait file; 78, miscellaneous negatives; 97, Division of Ethnology collection (―USNM‖ Collection); 73-26B, Aleš Hrdlička photographs; 73-26G, miscellany; 77-48, group portraits of International Congress; 79-38, Division of World Archeology collection; 83-41, Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of human bones; and 92-46, anthropology lantern slides.
Provenance:
Although it is unclear when George Pepper received the photographs from Ales Hrdlicka, Pepper donated the majority of the collection of photographs to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) in 1923. The rest of the photographs were cataloged by the MAI some time in the 1920s but the provenance history is unknown.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

There are several restricted photographs in Series 2: Yoeme (Yaqui). This have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona, Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.103
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-103
Online Media:

Cerámica de los Ancestros: Central America's Past Revealed

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Conversations and talks
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2017-06-30T03:12:13.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_CNBtaCK59Ds

Ampelisca panamensis

Collector:
Dr. Waldo L. Schmitt  Search this
Expedition:
Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean  Search this
Vessel:
Velero III R/V  Search this
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Sex:
male
Place:
Honda Bay, Shore Near Village Behind Point, Panama, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
9 Mar 1933
Common name:
Amphipods
Published Name:
Ampelisca panamensis Barnard, 1954
USNM Number:
93273
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Arthropoda
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3b7cfa82e-ba7b-42a4-8964-fca20ff337be
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_280532

Ampelisca panamensis

Collector:
Dr. Waldo L. Schmitt  Search this
Expedition:
Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean  Search this
Vessel:
Velero III R/V  Search this
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Honda Bay, Shore Near Village Behind Point, Panama, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
9 Mar 1933
Common name:
Amphipods
Published Name:
Ampelisca panamensis Barnard, 1954
USNM Number:
93274
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Arthropoda
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/32f004de9-c4bd-42f0-9345-25ab164ffb26
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_280533

Ampelisca panamensis

Collector:
Dr. Waldo L. Schmitt  Search this
Expedition:
Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean  Search this
Vessel:
Velero III R/V  Search this
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Honda Bay, Shore Near Village Behind Point, Panama, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
9 Mar 1933
Common name:
Amphipods
Published Name:
Ampelisca panamensis Barnard, 1954
USNM Number:
93275
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Arthropoda
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3c78139e3-8243-4d8a-a306-de08ce467777
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_280534

Katherine Kingsford Panama Canal Photograph Album

Source:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Creator:
Kingsford, Katherine  Search this
Former owner:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photograph albums
Place:
Panama Canal (Panama)
Panama
Date:
circa 1904-1914
Summary:
An album of photographs of Panama and the Panama Canal, circa 1904-1914.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of a disbound album of photographs relating to the Panama Canal, including a few construction scenes, vessels traveling through the Canal, urban and rural street scenes, housing, hospital scenes, historic buildings, and people. The three inch by three inch photographic prints are mounted on black album paper and most are badly faded and unidentified. Most of the photographs are informal and have the feel of snapshots taken by an amateur photographer. There are a few larger format photographs. Also included is the Official Handbook of the Panama Council, 1913.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in one series.

Series 1, Photograph Album, circa 1904-1914
Biographical / Historical:
On November 18, 1903, the United States and Panama negotiated the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty, which granted the United States. permission to construct a canal that would join the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Construction for the Panama Canal began on May 4, 1904. The large workforce -- at its highest population in 1913 it numbered 44,733 men, not including those sick, on leave, or otherwise absent -- had a great impact on Panama. As there were not enough amenities to accommodate them when they arrived, the workers built entire communities, paved streets, improved communication systems, and installed water and sewage systems. Likewise, the railroad was improved for more efficient transportation of supplies, labor, food, and equipment. Much to the credit of Chief Sanitary Officer Dr. William Crawford Gorgas, yellow fever was completely eradicated on the isthmus and malaria cases greatly reduced. Native villages and towns along the planned construction route were required to relocate.

The first self-propelled, ocean-bound vessel traveled on the canal on January 7, 1914, and the canal was formally opened in August of that year. The Panama Canal construction project was the most expensive construction project in United States history to that date, costing $375,000,000.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

William Currie Photograph Album (AC1043)

John Frances Little Panama Canal Scrapbook (AC0708)

Roland A. McCrady Photograph Collection (AC0710)

Robert Dearborn Panama Canal Photonegatives (AC1111)

W.A. Fishbaugh Panama Canal Photograph Album (AC1021)

Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection (AC0143)

W.P. Stine Panama Canal Papers (AC1039)
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the National Museum of American History's Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (now Division of Work and Industry) by Katherine Kingsford in1982. It was transferred to the Archives Center in 2007.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Physical Access: Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.
Topic:
Canals -- Panama  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums -- 20th century
Citation:
Katherine Kingsford Panama Canal Photograph Album, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1040
See more items in:
Katherine Kingsford Panama Canal Photograph Album
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1040

W. A. Fishbaugh Panama Canal Photograph Album

Creator:
Hunt, Mary Alice Minear  Search this
Hunt, George Laird  Search this
Fishbaugh, William Arthur  Search this
Minear, A. Bruce  Search this
Source:
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Former owner:
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box)
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Photograph albums
Place:
Panama Canal (Panama)
Panama -- 1900-1910
Date:
1905-1908.
Summary:
Photograph album of commercially-produced photographs of Panama Canal construction.
Scope and Contents note:
This collection consists of a photograph album of one hyndred commercially produced views of Panama Canal construction. Also included are some views of life in the Canal Zone, including hospitals, villages, street scenes, jungles, cemeteries, animal life, and bullfights. The album was assembled by A. Bruce Minear, who was sent to Panama by President Theodore Roosevelt to develop the YMCA for the men working on the canal. Most photographs are captioned.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in one series.

Series 1, Photograph Album, 1905-1907
Historical:
On November 18, 1903, the United States and Panama negotiated the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty, which granted the United States permission to construct a canal that would join the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Construction for the Panama Canal began on May 4, 1904. The large workforce (at its highest population in 1913 it numbered 44,733 men, not including those sick, on leave, or otherwise absent) had a great impact on Panama. As there were not enough amenities to accommodate them when they arrived, they built entire communities, paved streets, improved communication systems, and installed water and sewage systems. Likewise, the railroad was improved for more efficient transportation of supplies, labor, food, and equipment. Much to the credit of Chief Sanitary Officer Dr. William Crawford Gorgas, yellow fever was completely eradicated on the Isthmus and malaria cases greatly reduced. Native villages and towns along the planned construction route were required to relocate.

The first self-propelled, ocean-bound vessel traveled on the canal on January 7, 1914, and the canal was formally opened in August of that year. The Panama Canal construction project was the most expensive construction project in United States history to that date, costing $375,000,000.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

W. P. Stine Panama Canal Papers (NMAH.AC.1039)

John Frances Little Panama Canal Scrapbook Photograph Albums (NMAH.AC.0708)

Katherine Kingsford Panama Canal Photograph Album (NMAH.AC.1040)

A.R. Van Tassell Photograph Albums (NMAH.AC.1015)
Provenance:
This collection was donated to the National Museum of American History's Division of the History of Science and Technology, Engineering and Industry Collections by Mary Alice Minear Hunt and George Laird Hunt, 1987.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Villages -- Panama  Search this
Streets -- Panama  Search this
Hospitals -- Panama  Search this
Jungles -- Panama  Search this
Animals -- Panama  Search this
Bullfights  Search this
Canals -- Panama  Search this
Cemeteries -- Panama  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910
Photograph albums -- 20th century
Citation:
W.A. Fishbaugh Panama Canal Photograph Album, 1905-1908, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1021
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1021
Online Media:

Photographs copied by George Peter Murdock's Strategic Index of Latin America

Creator:
Murdock, George Peter, 1897-1985  Search this
Extent:
700 Copy prints (circa)
Culture:
Indians of Mexico  Search this
Indians of South America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Photographs
Place:
Virgin Islands
Venezuela
British Honduras
Chile
Brazil
British Guiana
Colombia
Dominican Republic
Paraguay
Peru
Puerto Rico
Suriname
Leeward Islands (Federation)
Mexico
Nicaragua.
Panama
Ecuador
Honduras
Bolivia
Argentina
Date:
circa 1942-1948
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs assembled circa 1942-1948, probably as part of the Strategic Index of Latin America, and relating to people and scenery in Latin America. They depict transportation, irrigation, agriculture and industry (including rubber production), cities and villages, and archeological finds. The prints are arranged geographically into the following locations: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, British Guiana, British Honduras, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Leeward Islands, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Venezuela, Virgin Islands, and Windward Islands. The photographs were copied from published sources (originals circa 1850s-1940s) and are individually labeled with source information and original captions.
Biographical/Historical note:
George Peter Murdock (1897-1985) was an anthropologist of comparative ethnology. Educated at Yale, he received a BA in History (1919) and PhD in Sociology (1925). He taught sociology and anthropology at the University of Maryland for two years before returning to Yale in 1928 as an assistant professor of physical anthropology. In 1931, Murdock was granted a joint appointment with Yale's newly formed anthropology department, in which he served as department chair (1938-1960) and full professor (1939-1960). During his time at Yale, Murdock embarked on his most notable project, the Cross Cultural Survey in 1937. Positioned within the Institute of Human Relations, the CCS was a catalog of anthropological data, indexed according to Murdock's Outline of Cultural Materials (1938) to enable quick reference of cultures and analyses of a unified theory of behavior. During the Second World War, the Strategic Index of Latin America, an auxiliary arm of the CCS, was created to focus on Latin American cultural questions and strategic decision making. After the war, the CCS was reorganized by a consortium of universities as the Human Relations Area Files, with Murdock at the head. Murdock left Yale in 1960 and served as Mellon Professor of Anthropology at the University of Pittsburgh until 1973.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4632
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives also holds Murdock's Pacific Survey File.
Correspondence with Murdock held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 7027, MS 4821, American Ethnological Society records, Handbook of South American Indians Records, and collections of personal papers.
Contained in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Industries  Search this
Dwellings  Search this
Cities and towns  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 4632, Photographs copied by George Peter Murdock's Strategic Index of Latin America, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4632
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4632

Gilbert S. Tower photographs of Cuna people of the San Blas Islands

Creator:
Tower, Gilbert S.  Search this
Extent:
16 Prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Guna (Kuna)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Place:
San Blas Islands (Panama)
Date:
1921
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting villages and people of the San Blas Islands made or collected by Gilbert Tower during his work in Panama. The prints are mounted on unbound pages, probably from an album.
Biographical/Historical note:
Gilbert S. Tower was a graduate of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and engineer for the Panama Canal. He visited the San Blas Islands on a one-day excursion, which was sponsored by the Panamanian government, while working on the canal in 1921.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2011-37
Location of Other Archival Materials:
National Museum of Natural History Department of Anthropology Collections holds Cuna artifacts collected by Gilbert Tower (accession 327937).
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 2011-37, Gilbert S. Tower photographs of Cuna people of the San Blas Islands, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2011-37
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2011-37

Postcards and photographs of Panama, Morocco, and the Azores

Collector:
Hagedorn, Dan  Search this
Names:
Leconte, Andre (publisher and probable photographer)  Search this
Maduro, I. L. (publisher and probable photographer)  Search this
Extent:
2 Postcards (color halftone)
8 Color postcards
10 Photographic postcards
11 Prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Moroccans  Search this
Panamanians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Postcards
Color postcards
Photographic postcards
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Panama
Morocco
Azores
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting the people and landscapes of Panama, Morocco and the Azores. The collection includes images of villages and structures in Panama, Andre Leconte postcards of Morocco and northern Africa, and an aerial view of an island in the Azores. Also included is a leaflet describing the history and culture of the Azores.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2002-22
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Leconte postcards held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 97 and in the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives postcard collection.
Additional I. L. Maduro photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 86-32.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Cities and towns  Search this
Villages  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Postcards
Citation:
Photo Lot 2002-22, Postcards and photographs of Panama, Morocco, and the Azores, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2002-22
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2002-22

Harris M. McLaughlin photographs of the Americas and Asia

Creator:
McLaughlin, Harris M.  Search this
Photographer:
Frashers Inc.  Search this
Names:
Chapman, H  Search this
Lindbergh, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974  Search this
Extent:
12 Mounted prints (albumen)
370 Prints (circa, silver gelatin (including photographic postcards))
1 Print (collotype)
5 Negative rolls (nitrate, 35 mm)
2 Positive rolls (nitrate, 35 mm)
8 Prints (photogravure)
12 Postcards (color halftone, halftone, and color collotype)
2 Color prints
1 Panoramic print (color halftone)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Cubans  Search this
Mexica (Aztec) (archaeological culture)  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Apache  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Prints
Negative rolls
Positive rolls
Postcards
Color prints
Panoramic print
Photographs
Place:
Guatemala
Cuba
Japan
Puerto Rico
Havana (Cuba)
Texas
Mexico
Honduras
San Antonio (Tex.)
China
Panama
Dominican Republic
Mérida (Mexico)
Chichén Itzá Site (Mexico)
Date:
circa 1898-1941
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made and collected by Harris M. McLaughlin during his travels in the American southwest and other parts of North and South America, as well as Asia and Europe. Photographs made in Texas include images of the 1928 American Legion National Convention, the dirigible "Los Angeles" floating over San Antonio, the first train in Rio Grande City, cowboys and ranchers, missions, and city and scenic views. McLaughlin also took photographs at the Grand Canyon, Canyon del Muerto, Bryce Canyon, and Zion National Park, and collected Frashers Foto postcards with photographs of Apache and Navajo people, a Papago dwelling, a Pueblo potterymaker, and a Hopi Snake Dance. Photographs from Guatemala include images of villages and cities (including Antigua and Zacapa), as well as a harvest ceremony in Chichicastenango. McLaughlin also took photographs during a trip to Monterey, Mexico, which include images of towns and scenic views. Additional photographs depict flood damage in Aurora, Indiana; city views and scenery of Merida, Mexico; Chichen Itza; a banana plantation in Honduras; and wartime China and Europe.

Photographs of Cuba in 1898, probably not made by McLaughlin, include images of the USS Maine wreck, and funeral services for the sailors of the ship and residents of Havana. The collection also contains photographs of trees and a dwelling in Honduras made by H. E. Chapman in 1933, photographs of people and scenery in Sumatra made by J. H. Zimmermann, and commercial photographs of archeological collections at the Museo Nacional de Arqueologia, Historia y Etnografia in Mexico. There are also images of scenery and architecture in Japan, Panama and the Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Belgium, England, and other places in Europe. Depicted individuals include Charles A. Lindbergh, as well as McLaughlin and his family.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2000-04
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Frashers photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 59.
Restrictions:
Nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 2000-04, Harris M. McLaughlin photographs of the Americas and Asia, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2000-04
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2000-04

George C. Marshall Research Foundation

Collection Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co  Search this
Container:
Box 40, Folder 38
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1960-1968
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Jacques Seligmann & Co. records
Jacques Seligmann & Co. records / Series 1: Correspondence / 1.3: General Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-jacqself-ref9843
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Fowler, Robert G.

Collection Creator:
Morehouse, Harold E., 1894-1973  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 26
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Harold E. Morehouse Flying Pioneers Biographies Collection, Acc. XXXX-0450, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Harold E. Morehouse Flying Pioneers Biographies collection
Harold E. Morehouse Flying Pioneers Biographies collection / Series 1.1: Biographies of Flying Pioneers 1.1
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0450-ref127
8 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
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  • View Fowler, Robert G. digital asset number 5
  • View Fowler, Robert G. digital asset number 6
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  • View Fowler, Robert G. digital asset number 8

Ten Cultural Experiences to Put on Your Post-Pandemic Bucket List

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Mon, 26 Apr 2021 16:49:53 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_66cc05130c23b8f65e2f285eb80b6efe

Highland agricultural villages in the Volcan Baru Region

Author:
Ranere, Anthony J.  Search this
Linares, Olga F.  Search this
Sheets, P. D.  Search this
Linares, Olga F.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1980
Topic:
Tropics  Search this
Biology  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_114732

Anthurium sanctifidense Croat

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
Thomas B. Croat  Search this
Max. Elevation:
770  Search this
Min. Elevation:
680  Search this
Place:
Vicinity of El Cope, 4.1 mi N of village in vicinity along road which leads down into lowlands, straight ahead of the end of the saw mill grounds., Cocle, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
25 Mar 1993
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Arales Araceae Pothoideae
Published Name:
Anthurium sanctifidense Croat
Barcode:
03819171
USNM Number:
3474884
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/38c923409-4df4-416d-ba72-1a7b05b2d318
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_15446177

Pounding rice--native life in a village on the Bavano River, in the interior of the Isthmus. 6473 interpositive

Topic:
PANAMA
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (4" x 5")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Bavano River (Panama)
Panama
Local Numbers:
RSN 26908
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.52 [130].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Children -- Panama  Search this
Dwellings -- Panama.  Search this
Family -- Panama  Search this
Homes -- Panama  Search this
Huts -- Panama  Search this
Rice -- Panama  Search this
Villages -- Panama  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 26810-26909
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref24667

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