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Oral history interview with Edwin and Louise Rosskam

Interviewee:
Rosskam, Edwin, 1903-1985  Search this
Rosskam, Louise, 1910-2003  Search this
Interviewer:
Doud, Richard Keith  Search this
Names:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
United States. Farm Security Administration. Historical Section  Search this
Lange, Dorothea  Search this
Stryker, Roy Emerson, 1893-1975  Search this
Vachon, John, 1914-1975  Search this
Wolcott, Marion Post, 1910-1990  Search this
Wright, Richard, 1908-1960  Search this
Extent:
70 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1965 August 3
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Edwin and Louise Rosskam conducted 1965 August 3, by Richard Doud, for the Archives of American Art, at their home, in Roosevelt, N.J.
Edwin Rosskam speaks of his background and youth in Germany; coming to the United States; his education in painting at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts; the early development of his interest in photography; getting his photojournalism career started; joining the Farm Security Administration and working under Roy Stryker; the view of America presented by the work produced by the FSA; photography exhibits he has done; the effect upon him of the people he met and photographed during his FSA career; the political impact of the FSA; applications and uses of the photographs produced by the FSA; the project's strengths and weaknesses; books and other projects he has contributed to. He recalls Roy Stryker, Dorothea Lange, Marion Post Wolcott, John Vachon, and the novelist Richard Wright. Louise Rosskam discusses the impact upon her of the people who were photographed, propagandistic aspects of the work, and the impact of the FSA project on photojournalism.
Biographical / Historical:
Edwin (1903-1985) and Louis Rosskam (1910-2003) were photographers from Roosevelt, N.J.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 3 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 49 min.
Provenance:
This interview conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Documentary photography  Search this
Photographers -- New Jersey -- Roosevelt -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.rosska65
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ba89d9eb-7946-40b2-ad3c-86e22b450e77
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rosska65
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Russell and Jean Lee

Interviewee:
Lee, Russell, 1903-1986  Search this
Lee, Jean  Search this
Interviewer:
Doud, Richard Keith  Search this
Names:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
United States. Farm Security Administration.Historical Section.Photographs  Search this
Evans, Walker, 1903-1975  Search this
Rothstein, Arthur, 1915-1985  Search this
Vachon, John, 1914-1975  Search this
Vanderbilt, Paul  Search this
Extent:
36 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1964 June 2
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Russell and Jean Lee conducted 1964 June 2, by Richard Doud, for the Archives of American Art.
Russell speaks of his background and education; his early interest in photography; meeting Roy Stryker and Ben Shahn; early assignments with FSA covering floods and droughts in the Midwest; overcoming technical problems while traveling around; cameras he experimented with; working in small towns and rural areas; working under Roy Stryker. He recalls John Vachon, Arthur Rothstein, and Walker Evans. Jean speaks of her first association with the FSA and working under Paul Vanderbilt. Both give personal opinions of the value of the work produced by the FSA, and speak of feelings toward the rural people who were the focus of the FSA project.
Biographical / Historical:
Russell Lee (1903-1986) was a photographer with the Farm Security Administration. Jean Russell was an administrator under Paul Vanderbilt with the Farm Security Administration of Austin, Tex.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 1 hr., 44 min.
Provenance:
This interview conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Occupation:
Arts administrators -- Texas -- Austin -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Photography, Artistic  Search this
Documentary photography  Search this
Photographers -- Texas -- Austin -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.lee64
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw97f57852d-099f-4a40-878f-c72b56598ea8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lee64
Online Media:

Oral history interview with John Vachon, 1964 April 28

Interviewee:
Vachon, John, 1914-1975  Search this
Interviewer:
Doud, Richard Keith  Search this
Subject:
Stryker, Roy Emerson  Search this
United States. Farm Security Administration. Historical Section  Search this
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Quotes and excerpts must be cited as follows: Oral history interview with John Vachon, 1964 April 28. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Documentary photography  Search this
Photographers -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
Photography  Search this
New Deal  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11830
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213956
AAA_collcode_vachon64
Theme:
Photography
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213956
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Dorothea Lange

Interviewee:
Lange, Dorothea  Search this
Interviewer:
Doud, Richard Keith  Search this
Creator:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Names:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
United States. Farm Security Administration.Historical Section.Photographs  Search this
Evans, Walker, 1903-1975  Search this
Rothstein, Arthur, 1915-1985  Search this
Stryker, Roy Emerson, 1893-1975  Search this
Vachon, John, 1914-1975  Search this
Vanderbilt, Paul  Search this
Extent:
23 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1964 May 22
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Dorothea Lange conducted 1964 May 22, by Richard Doud, for the Archives of American Art.
Lange speaks of her decision of photography as a career; working in commercial photography; the development of her individual style; the organization of the Farm Security Administration and her association with it; camaraderie among the FSA staff; Roy Stryker's influence and guidance and political abilities; the subjects of photographs and their reactions to being photographed; the people she encountered and her feelings about them, including migratory workers and Dust Bowl farmers; opinions of her colleagues; what made the FSA a success; trends in the field of photography and photojournalism and its future.
She recalls Walker Evans, Arthur Rothstein, John Vachon and Paul Vanderbilt.
Biographical / Historical:
Dorothea Lange (1895-1965) was a photographer in California. Lange worked on FSA photograph project during the Depression.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 1 hr., 51 min.
Provenance:
This interview conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Photographers -- California  Search this
Topic:
New Deal art  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Documentary photography -- United States  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women photographers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.lange64
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw99fdbe30d-7ffd-4e1a-b27c-9535ff20e3db
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lange64
Online Media:

Oral history interview with John Vachon

Interviewee:
Vachon, John, 1914-1975  Search this
Interviewer:
Doud, Richard Keith  Search this
Creator:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Names:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
United States. Farm Security Administration. Historical Section  Search this
Stryker, Roy Emerson, 1893-1975  Search this
Extent:
18 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1964 April 28
Scope and Contents:
An interview of John Vachon conducted 1964 April 28, by Richard Doud, for the Archives of American Art.
Vachon speaks of how he started on the Farm Security Administration project; getting started as an FSA photographer; helping to organize the photograph file; early assignments as a photographer; the influence of Walker Evans; making decisions about the subject matter of the photographs; the growth of the FSA project; the difference between being a photographer for LOOK magazine and for the FSA; his philosophy of photography; and his most memorable experiences with the FSA. He recalls Roy Stryker.
Biographical / Historical:
John Vachon (1914-1975) was a photographer from New York, N.Y. Vachon worked under Roy Stryker on the Farm Security Administration's Photography project. Also worked for LOOK magazine.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 1 digital wav file. Duration is 1 hr., 3 min.
Provenance:
This interview conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Documentary photography  Search this
Photographers -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.vachon64
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw91083f951-f654-40c4-a6a4-3cb94c790918
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-vachon64
Online Media:

Farm Security Administration (FSA) selected records and photographs

Creator:
United States. Farm Security Administration. Historical Section  Search this
Names:
Collier, John, Jr., 1913-1992  Search this
Delano, Jack  Search this
Evans, Walker, 1903-1975  Search this
Lange, Dorothea  Search this
Lee, Russell, 1903-1986  Search this
Mydans, Carl  Search this
Rosskam, Edwin, 1903-1985  Search this
Rothstein, Arthur, 1915-1985  Search this
Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969  Search this
Stryker, Roy Emerson, 1893-1975  Search this
Vachon, John, 1914-1975  Search this
Wolcott, Marion Post, 1910-1990  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (Textual records: 2 partial microfilm reels)
218 Items (Photographs)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1935-1942
Scope and Contents:
Scattered textual records selected from the Farm Security Administration, Historical Section records at the Library of Congress and the Farmers Home Administration records at the National Archives primarily revolving around activities of Roy Stryker. Included are personnel and travel records, typescripts of photograph captions, correspondence, memoranda, files on public relations and exhibits, and printed material.
218 copy prints of photographs of America taken for the FSA, including landscapes, people, homes and other architecture, rural scenes, urban scenes, workers, products of farm and industry, transportation, entertainment, and the Quarter Circle U Ranch, Birney, Montana. Photographers include: Arthur Rothstein, Walker Evans, Dorothea Lange, John Collier, Marion Post Wolcott, Jack Delano, Russell Lee, John Vachon, Ben Shahn, Carl Mydans, and Edwin Rosskam.
Biographical / Historical:
Established 1935 in the Resettlement Administration Historical Section's photographic project to document poverty stricken rural America under the direction of Roy E. Stryker. In 1937, Roosevelt established the FSA, and the Resettlement Administration and its programs fell under its auspices. The Historical Section of the Resettlement Administration remained intact under the FSA, and continued its photographic survey and historical documentation under Stryker's direction.
After 1942, the photographs project was transplanted to the Office War Information, and the emphasis of the project shifted from rural and urban conditions throughout Depression-era U.S. to the domestic impact of the war. In 1946, Congress created the Farmers Home Administration (FHA) which absorbed the FSA and its programs.
Related Materials:
Additional FSA-OWI records located at: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division (microfilm available at LC)
Additional Stryker papers located at: Photographic Archives University of Louisville, Louisville, Ky. 40208
Provenance:
Microfilm and copy prints donated by the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, 1965.
Reel FSA/WDC2: Record Group 96, textual records of the Farmers Home Administration include the records of the FSA, predecessor to the FHA.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Photography -- United States -- Landscape -- Photographs  Search this
Photography -- United States -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Architectural photography -- United States -- Photographs  Search this
Federal aid to the public welfare -- Photographs  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Function:
Agencies
Identifier:
AAA.unstfsad
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw93760d8ca-0e22-4f9b-8bfb-c9d6ba0078c4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-unstfsad

Roy Emerson Stryker papers [microfilm]

Creator:
Stryker, Roy Emerson, 1893-1975  Search this
Names:
United States. Farm Security Administration. Historical Section  Search this
Collier, John, Jr., 1913-1992  Search this
Delano, Jack  Search this
Evans, Walker, 1903-1975  Search this
Lange, Dorothea  Search this
Lee, Russell, 1903-1986  Search this
Locke, Edwin  Search this
Rothstein, Arthur, 1915-1985  Search this
Vachon, John, 1914-1975  Search this
Wolcott, Marion Post, 1910-1990  Search this
Extent:
9 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Place:
United States -- Economic conditions -- 1918-1945
United States -- Social conditions -- 1933-1945
Date:
1932-1964
Scope and Contents:
Papers documenting Stryker's career as the head of the Farm Security Administration's photographic section, including correspondence with John Collier, Jack Delano, Walker Evans, Dorothea Lange, Russell Lee, Edwin Locke, Arthur Rothstein, John Vachon, Marion Post Wolcott and others; reports; articles on Stryker and the FSA; publications; speeches; photographs and miscellaneous materials.
Biographical / Historical:
Director of the Farm Security Administration Historical Section; Washington, D.C. Under Stryker the Photographic project of the FSA documented the drought, poverty and despair of rural and urban America during the Depression.
Provenance:
Papers lent for microfilming 1963-1966 by Roy Stryker.
Topic:
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Federal aid to the public welfare  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Documentary photography -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.stryroyp
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e4dd9941-9e7d-4a9d-b65e-e4f4f5e840b9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-stryroyp

The children of Esso

Creator:
Vachon, John, 1914-1975  Search this
Subject:
Stryker, Roy Emerson  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
1948
Citation:
John Vachon. The children of Esso, 1948. Roy Emerson Stryker collection, 1932-1964. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9843
See more items in:
Roy Emerson Stryker collection, 1932-1964
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9843
Online Media:

John Vachon's America : photographs and letters from the Depression to World War II / John Vachon ; edited, with introductory texts, by Miles Orvell

Author:
Vachon, John 1914-1975  Search this
Orvell, Miles  Search this
Subject:
Vachon, John 1914-1975  Search this
United States Farm Security Administration  Search this
Physical description:
x, 344 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Correspondence
Pictorial works
Place:
United States
Date:
2003
C2003
20th century
1933-1945
Topic:
Photographers  Search this
Documentary photography--History  Search this
Rural conditions  Search this
Social conditions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_724025

Poland, 1946 : the photographs and letters of John Vachon / edited by Ann Vachon ; with an introduction by Brian Moore

Author:
Vachon, John 1914-1975  Search this
Vachon, Ann  Search this
Subject:
Vachon, John 1914-1975  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 171 p. : ill., photo. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Poland
Date:
1995
C1995
1945-1980
Pictorial works
Topic:
Documentary photography  Search this
Poland--History  Search this
Call number:
TR647.V119 V2 1995
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_482943

Roy Emerson Stryker collection

Creator:
Stryker, Roy Emerson, 1893-1975  Search this
Names:
United States. Farm Security Administration. Historical Section  Search this
Lange, Dorothea  Search this
Steinbeck, John, 1902-1968  Search this
Vachon, John, 1914-1975  Search this
Extent:
7 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
United States -- Economic conditions -- 1918-1945
United States -- Social conditions -- 1933-1945
Date:
1932-1964
Scope and Contents:
A letter from Archie Robertson to Stryker about traveling photographic exhibitions; 2 manuscripts on the origins of the FSA and containing biographical information of Stryker, the staff, and photographers on the project; a photograph of a poem, "Merry Christmas to Stryker"; "Stryker's Credo," a statement he made upon leaving the "Jersey Company" (Standard Oil); "The Children of Esso," 1948 by John Vachon, a psalm-like parody about Stryker and his affiliation with Standard Oil; and a copy of "Their Blood is Strong," 1940 by John Steinbeck on migratory agricultural workers in California illustrated with photos by Dorothea Lange for the FSA, signed by Steinbeck.
Biographical / Historical:
Director of the Farm Security Administration Historical Section; Washington, D.C. Under Stryker the Photographic project of the FSA documented the drought, poverty and despair of rural and urban America during the Depression.
Provenance:
Donated 1965 by Roy Stryker.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Identifier:
AAA.stryroy
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw960fe8211-59da-4201-b8e3-49e99e4ae551
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-stryroy

Farm Security Administration photographs

Creator:
Wool, Helen D.  Search this
Names:
United States. Farm Security Administration. Historical Section -- Photographs  Search this
Collier, John, Jr., 1913-1992  Search this
Delano, Jack  Search this
Lee, Russell, 1903-1986  Search this
Locke, Edwin  Search this
Rosskam, Edwin, 1903-1985  Search this
Stryker, Roy Emerson, 1893-1975  Search this
Vachon, John, 1914-1975  Search this
Extent:
3 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
[ca. 1943]
Scope and Contents:
A photograh of Grand Central Station's mural "Past Pearl Harbor"; A photograph of Helen D. Wool; and a group photo of Jack Delano, John Vachon, Edwin Rosskam, John Collier, Edwin Locke, Russell Lee, and Roy E. Stryker.
Biographical / Historical:
Secretary, Farm Security Administration; Washington, D.C.
Provenance:
Donated 1964 by Helen D. Wool.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts -- Photographs  Search this
Federal aid to the public welfare -- Photographs  Search this
Art and state -- Photographs  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.woolhele
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw997e64c6c-219f-44a1-80bd-ea862efcd827
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-woolhele

Marilyn, August 1953 : the lost Look photos by John Vachon / text by Brian Wallis ; afterword by John Grafton

Author:
Vachon, John 1914-1975  Search this
Wallis, Brian 1953-  Search this
Subject:
Vachon, John 1914-1975  Search this
Monroe, Marilyn 1926-1962  Search this
Vachon, John 1914-1975  Search this
Physical description:
119 p. : b&w ill. ; 24 x 28 cm
Type:
Portraits
Correspondence
Records and correspondence
Place:
United States
Date:
2010
C2010
Topic:
Motion picture actors and actresses  Search this
Photographers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1044548

The photographs of John Vachon / introduction by Kurt Andersen

Author:
Vachon, John 1914-1975  Search this
Library of Congress  Search this
United States Farm Security Administration  Search this
United States Office of War Information  Search this
Subject:
Vachon, John 1914-1975  Search this
Library of Congress Photograph collections  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 50 p. : chiefly ill. (some col.) ; 18 cm
Type:
Books
Pictorial works
Place:
United States
Date:
2010
1918-1945
Topic:
Documentary photography  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_947596

Just before the war : urban America from 1935 to 1941 as seen by photographers of the Farm Security Administration : from the collections of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. / organized by Newport Harbor Art Museum, Balboa, California

Author:
Garver, Thomas H  Search this
Vachon, John 1914-1975  Search this
Stryker, Roy Emerson 1893-1975  Search this
Rothstein, Arthur 1915-1985  Search this
University of Connecticut Museum of Art  Search this
Newport Harbor Art Museum  Search this
Library of Congress  Search this
United States Farm Security Administration  Search this
Physical description:
[73] p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Pictorial works
Catalogs
Place:
United States
Date:
1968
C1968
Topic:
Photography, Artistic  Search this
Call number:
E169 .J86X 1968
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_524500

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