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Ariana Curtis talks urban anthropology at the Smithsonian

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Type:
Conversations and talks
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2014-04-25T13:40:35.000Z
YouTube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
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SmithsonianVideos
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianVideos
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt__F3Yw91l20g

Owen M. Lynch papers

Creator:
Lynch, Owen M., 1931-2013  Search this
Extent:
132 Sound recordings
43 Linear feet (83 boxes.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Photographs
Correspondence
Electronic records
Manuscripts
Field recordings
Field notes
Place:
India -- Social life and customs
Agra (India)
Date:
1945-2012
Summary:
The papers of Owen M. Lynch (1931-2013) contain his research and fieldwork on marginalized castes in India, and in particular highlight his work among the Dalits, or Untouchables, in Agra. The collection consists of field notes, surveys, interviews, maps, drawings, manuscript notes and drafts, language materials, subject files, day planners, correspondence, university papers, conference symposium and panel materials, photographs, sound recordings, video recordings, and electronic records.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Owen M. Lynch document his research and field work in India, and in particular highlight his work among the Dalits in Agra. The collection consists of field notes, surveys, interviews, maps, drawings, manuscript notes and drafts, language materials, subject files, day planners, correspondence, university papers, conference symposium and panel materials, photographs, sound recordings, video recordings, and electronic records. The Munda Languages Project was Lynch's first fieldwork experience in India and focused on the Nihali and Nahali languages. His subsequent research focused on the Dalits in Agra, the Dharavi slums of Mumbai, the Chaube Brahmans in Mathura, and the Radhavallabhi sect in Brindaban. This research is represented well in his field notes, photographs, and sound recordings.

Lynch also kept extensive subject files on numerous Indian issues which contain significant material on the Dalits, Indian economics and politics, and related researchers. There is a small amount of Lynch's university papers from both his time as a student and as a professor. His student material includes reading notes, his student papers, and dissertation proposal. His university papers are chiefly course and lecture notes. The bulk of the photographs are from Lynch's fieldwork, primarily from Agra and Mumbai. Included are photos of slums in Agra and Mumbai, shoemakers in Agra, weddings, ceremonies, conferences, and parades. There are also prints used in his first book The Politics of Untouchability. The presentation slides are thematically arranged sets of photographs, presumably used for course lectures or conference presentations. The majority of the sound recordings are from fieldwork in Agra in 1994-1995, and include lectures, interviews, conference recordings, and songs.
Arrangement:
The Owen M. Lynch papers are arranged into 13 series:

2. Research, 1956-2006

3. Subject Files, 1953-2012

4. University, 1951-2010

5. Writings, 1963-2005

6. Writings By Others, circa 1950-2003

7. Correspondence, 1947-2010 and undated

8. Professional Activities, 1977-2004

9. Biographical, 1945-2007

10. Ephemera, circa 1990-circa 2000

11. Photographs, circa 1940s-circa 2009 and undated

12. Sound Recordings, 1962-2006

13. Video Recordings, circa 2000-circa 2011

14. Electronic Records, circa 1980-2011
Biographical Note:
Chronology

1931 -- Born on January 4 in Flushing, New York

1956 -- B.A., Fordham University

1962-1964 -- Fieldwork: Munda Languages Project, Madhya Pradesh, India

1964-1964 -- Fieldwork: Dalits in Agra, India

1966 -- Ph.D. in anthropology, Columbia University

1966-1969 -- Assistant Professor, State University of New York at Binghamton

1966-1986 -- Seminar Associate, Columbia University Seminars

1969-1973 -- Associate Professor, State University of New York at Binghamton

1970-1971 -- Fieldwork: Squatters in Mumbai, India

1974-2003 -- Charles F. Noyes Professor Emeritus of Urban Anthropology, New York University

1978-1984 -- Senior Research Associate, Southern Asian Institute, Columbia University

1980-1982 -- Fieldwork: Pilgrimage and Chaube Brahmans in Mathura, India

1988-1989 -- Fieldwork: Radhavallabhi Sect in Brindaban, India

1994-1995 -- Fieldwork: Dalits in Agra, India

2013 -- Died on April 26 in Boston, Massachusetts

Owen M. Lynch was an anthropologist and scholar with New York University who was noted for his pioneering work with the Dalits, or Untouchables, in India. He was born in 1931 in Flushing, New York. He earned his bachelor's degree from Fordham University (1956) and his Ph.D in anthropology from Columbia University (1966). He began his teaching career in 1966 as an assistant professor at the State University of New York at Binghamton. He became the Charles F. Noyes Professor Emeritus of Urban Anthropology at New York University in 1974 where he remained until his retirement in 2003.

His first fieldwork experience was with the Munda Languages Project in Madhya Pradesh, India, in 1962. His involvement with the project centered around work with the Nihali and Nahali languages. In 1963, he began fieldwork among the Dalits in Agra. He worked with the Jatavs, many of whom were shoemakers. This fieldwork would evolve into his dissertation, and form the basis for his first book The Politics of Untouchablility, published in 1969. He continued to study the Dalits and other marginalized peoples in India, including the Dharavi slums in Mumbai, Chaube Brahmans in Mathura, and the Radhavallabhi sect in Brindaban. He wrote extensively about the impact of Dalit leader B.R. Ambedkar, as well as the intersections of Buddhism, politics, and economics within India and the Dalit community.

Lynch was active in numerous anthropological associations. Among other professional appointments, he served on the editorial boards of South Asian Social Scientist (1984-1987), the Association of Asian Studies (1973-1977), and the International Journal of Hindu Studies (1997-2013); he was chair of the South Asia Council of the Association for Asian Studies (1985-1988) and president of the Society for Urban, National and Transnational Anthropology (1996-1998). He was also involved with groups such as the Volunteers in Service to India's Oppressed and Neglected (VISION), and was an active participant on conference panels and symposiums. He retired from teaching in 2003, and died in 2013.

Source consulted:

Friedlander, Eva 2014 Owen M. Lynch (1931-2013). American Anthropologist. 116(4): 898-900.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Owen Lynch's niece, Maureen Murphy, in 2013.
Restrictions:
Some material related to scholarship applications, job applications, and doctoral applications and defenses are restricted and not available for access. Restriction dates are noted in the container listing.

Access to the Owen M. Lynch papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Buddhist pilgrims and pilgrimages  Search this
Urban anthropology  Search this
Caste -- India  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Ambedkar, B.R.  Search this
Untouchables  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Dalits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Correspondence
Electronic records
Sound recordings
Manuscripts
Field recordings
Field notes
Citation:
Owen M. Lynch papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2013-11
See more items in:
Owen M. Lynch papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2013-11

Urban Anthropology: An Agency for the End of the Millenium

Collection Creator:
Lynch, Owen M., 1931-2013  Search this
Container:
Box 37
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1993-1997
1977
Collection Restrictions:
Some material related to scholarship applications, job applications, and doctoral applications and defenses are restricted and not available for access. Restriction dates are noted in the container listing.

Access to the Owen M. Lynch papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Owen M. Lynch papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Owen M. Lynch papers
Owen M. Lynch papers / Series 4: Writings / 4.2: Articles
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2013-11-ref636

A Bibliography for a Course on Urban Anthropology

Collection Creator:
Lynch, Owen M., 1931-2013  Search this
Container:
Box 37
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1978
Collection Restrictions:
Some material related to scholarship applications, job applications, and doctoral applications and defenses are restricted and not available for access. Restriction dates are noted in the container listing.

Access to the Owen M. Lynch papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Owen M. Lynch papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Owen M. Lynch papers
Owen M. Lynch papers / Series 4: Writings / 4.2: Articles
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2013-11-ref637

Perspectival Urban Anthropology

Collection Creator:
Lynch, Owen M., 1931-2013  Search this
Container:
Box 38
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1993
Collection Restrictions:
Some material related to scholarship applications, job applications, and doctoral applications and defenses are restricted and not available for access. Restriction dates are noted in the container listing.

Access to the Owen M. Lynch papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Owen M. Lynch papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Owen M. Lynch papers
Owen M. Lynch papers / Series 4: Writings / 4.2: Articles
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2013-11-ref655

Urban Anthropology, Postmodernist Cities, and Perspectives

Collection Creator:
Lynch, Owen M., 1931-2013  Search this
Container:
Box 38
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1994-1995
Collection Restrictions:
Some material related to scholarship applications, job applications, and doctoral applications and defenses are restricted and not available for access. Restriction dates are noted in the container listing.

Access to the Owen M. Lynch papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Owen M. Lynch papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Owen M. Lynch papers
Owen M. Lynch papers / Series 4: Writings / 4.2: Articles
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2013-11-ref658

Carlos de Wendler-Funaro Gypsy Research Collection

Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Community Life  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Community Life  Search this
Photographer:
Alland, Alexander, Sr. (Alexander Landschaft), 1902-1989  Search this
Author:
Kaslov, Steve, ca. 1888-1949 (King of the Red Bandanna Romany Gypsies )  Search this
Names:
Jura, Chaiko (Gypsy leader)  Search this
Kaslov, Pupa  Search this
Kaslov, Steve, ca. 1888-1949 (King of the Red Bandanna Romany Gypsies )  Search this
Extent:
4.3 Cubic feet (15 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Journals
Dissertations
Scrapbooks
Manuscripts
Place:
West Virginia -- 1930-1950
New Jersey -- 1930-1950
Maspeth (Queens, Long Island, N.Y.) -- 1930-1950
New York (N.Y.) -- photographs -- 1930-1950
Date:
circa 1920-1975
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 4.3 cubic feet of manuscript, print, and photographic materials created or collected by Carl de Wendler-Funaro (1898-1985) in pursuit of his interest in Gypsy life and culture. (Carlos de Wendler-Funaro used several forms of his name; he wrote mostly as Carl de Wendler-Funaro.) The -collection was brought to the attention of the Division of Community Life, National Museum of American History, by Matt T. Salo and donated to the Smithsonian by Dr. de Wendler-Funarol's widow, Cornelia de Funaro, in May 1985, through Richard E. Ahlborn, Curator.

The number and breadth of the photographic materials, especially, the accompanying documentation and their representation of many Gypsy groups in a single time period, make this collection an important resource for research.

Print and Manuscript Materials

The print and manuscript materials in the collection are organized-into six series: (1) materials for which Carl de Wendler-Funaro is author, co-author or editor; (2) materials about de Wendler-Funaro; (3) correspondence; (4) journals, books, or extracts from them, by various authors; (5) newspaper and magazine articles; (6) photomechanical images from newspapers, magazines, and books.

The manuscript materials include drafts of portions of planned books, reading notes, and Gypsy language notes and transcriptions. De Wendler-Funaro seems to have planned two books. One was to have been a book of his photographs, with accompanying essays describing his encounters with Gypsies, the other a work on Gypsies, especially those in the United States. The major element of the second book was to have been the history of the Rom in this country as told by Steve Kaslov. The second work was to have included the manuscripts, 'The Last Caravan,' on Romnichels in the United States; 'Romanian Gypsies in Maspeth Village,' on the Ludar; 'Hungarian Gypsies,' orx these musicians in the United States; and some folk tale materials. Several outlines for the two books are in the collection.

The draft materials written with Steve Kaslov include an account of the Gypsy leader Chaiko Jura. The account, which seems to approach legend at some points, describes his immigration to the United States, adventures in this country, and death. Also among the draft materials, and intended to follow in the proposed book, is what may be termed an official biography of Steve Kaslov (c. 1888-1949). Apparently tentatively entitled "The Ways of my People,' the manuscript recounts a few incidents, told at length, in the experiences of Kaslov's family and social network from about 1900 to about 1938.

De Wendler-Funaro's notes suggest that the Kaslov biography was dictated to an unnamed lawyer in the early 1930s and given to de Wendler-Funaro in 1934. Kaslov dictated the story of Chaiko to de Wendler-Funaro. (Perhaps this is the source of a statement in the New York Sun, June 20, 1941, that Kaslov had written two books.)

The okaslov manuscripts' are written mostly in a variety of American English common among American Rom. Parts of the biographical section are written in the first person, others in the third. Cultural material includes descriptions of weddings, funerary ritual, business transactions, conflicts and conflict resolution. As factual sources the manuscripts are unreliable: dates, for example, are only very approximate; birth places for Steve Kaslov and his family are incorrect.

Evidence in the manuscripts indicates that de Wendler-Funaro hoped, through 1976, to publish these texts in some form. Apparently Kaslov made a first attempt to publish in 1940, when he sent a draft to Eleanor Roosevelt. Mrs. Roosevelt sent the manuscript on to George Bye, a literary agent, who returned it in 1941 as unpublishable, calling it a Oterribly disorganized manuscript .... [Kaslov] is now working with a doctor (de Wendler-Funarol who claims to be an author but the results are very unhappy' (Correspondence in FDR Library).

Correspondence in the collection (series 3) includes letters to and from de Wendler-Funaro; drafts of letters by Steve Kaslov, soliciting aid for Gypsy education; and correspondence between the U.S. Consulate in Matamoros, Mexico, and the U.S. Department of State. According to Mrs. de Funaro, Carl de Wendler-Funaro destroyed his other correspondence before his death.

Many of the books, journals, articles, and extracts in the collection (series 4)- are materials upon which de Wendler-Funarol's dissertation is based. They include typed transcriptions of published articles as well as printed matter; dates of the materials range from 1554 to 1979.

The collection includes about 2,000 photoprints, including multiple copies, and 2,000 negatives. These materials are organized into eleven series: (7) photographs by de Wendler-Funaro: Gypsies in the United States; (8)photographs by de Wendler-Funaro: Gypsies outside the United States; (9) heirloom photographs'; (10) photographs by other creators; (11) photographs ;rom commercial agencies; (12) photographs of non-Gypsies; (13) photocopies, of numbered photos, in numerical order; (14) negatives; (15) contact sheets made from negatives from by the Smithsonian Office of Printing and Photographic Services, 1986; (16) scrapbook sheets; (17) slides made from negatives and prints by the Smithsonian Office of Printing and Photographic. services, 1986.

The original photographs by Carlos de Wendlet-Funaro span the,period 1922 to 1966, but the majority were taken from about 1932 to about 1942. More than half the photographs are of the Rom group of Gypsies in the United States, and most of these were taken in New York City from about 1938 to about 1942. Other original photos by de Wendler-Funaro are of other Gypsy groups in the United States -- Ludar, Romnichels, 'Black Dutch,w and Hungarian musicians -- as well as of Gypsies in Mexico, Holland, Germany, Austria, France, England, and Hungary. Photographs by other creators include copies of portraits collected from Gypsy families, photos by other photographers, and commercial news photographs collected by de Wendler-Funaro.

De Wendler-Funaro seems to have used the photographs to gain access to Gypsy families and communities (many photos show Gypsies examining albums and sets of pictures). Some photographs were published in his 1937 article, and in two articles by Victor Weybright (1938a, 1938b). De Wendler-Funaro apparently also used lantern slides made from these photographs in lectures on the subject of Gypsies; a handbill advertising his availability on the lecture circuit is part of the collection.

Manuscript drafts for book outlines, introductions, and accompanying essays show that de Wendler-Funaro long nurtured hopes of publishing a popular tool-, 'Incorporating his photographs. To this end he numbered and captioned more than a hundred of these; a partial list of captions is part of the manuscript files. For the most part, the captions are not very helpful in understanding Gypsy cultures. Photocopies of these pictures with captions, in numerical order, are in box 8. With some exceptions, most of the photographs can be used to study costume, personal ornament, and kinesics; these will not be listed separately as subjects in the inventory. The photos of the Rom in New York City show several types of traditional costume, contemporary modish dress, and a wide range of variations on both. Taken together with the "heirloom photos' collected from the same group, they show change and variety in men's and women's dress.

In the photographs of individuals and groups one may compare, for example, sitting positions of women with relation to costume and use (or non-use) of chairs.

Most of the photographs of Rom taken in New York City show Gypsies relaxing on stoops or in the street during the summer, a common pastime in their neighborhoods. They contain little culturally specific information other than that discussed above.

Information on housing is most clearly represented in photographs of camps, in which the type of tent and, to some extent, the relationships of tents, are visible. All the tents shown appear to be commercially made. Since it was the practice to raise the tent walls in good weather, many photos also show tent interiors, with wooden platform floors used on non-grassy sites (Rom) or linoleum as a ground cloth (Romnichel). The use of featherbeds; either alone (Rom) or with bedsteads (Romnichel) is documented.

There are few photographs showing the use of interior space in urban storefront or apartment dwellings (Rom). The photographs taken in the Maspeth, Long Island, 'Gypsy village' show exteriors of the shacks built@by the Ludar.

Of cooking and heating equipment, the cast-iron or sheet-metal stoves of the Romnichels are most evident. The Rom are shown using a variety of equipment, the traditional trivet (Mexico), the Coleman-type camp stove (U.S), and the pot-bellied coal stove (New York City).

Photographs of autos and trucks, auto-drawn luggage trailers (Romnichels in the North), and horse-drawn wagons (by the horse and mule trading Romnichels in the South) reveal something of the transport of people and goods.

A few photographs show subjects at work, but most work pictures are static demonstrations or mere associations with productive enterprise. There are demonstrations of coppersmithing and fender repair work (Rom), and manufacture of rustic furniture (Romnichels), as well as posed demonstrations of palm-reading. Romnichels in the South are shown posing with horses and mules. The business that appears most frequently is fortune-telling, through photographs of roadside business tents (Romnichel); amusement, fair, and resort-area tents and stands (Rom); and canvas facades, banners and signs carrying the fortune-teller's message.

Ritual life is poorly represented in the photographs. There are some photos of a funeral procession, and one interior shot of a funeral; two photos of a saint's-day feast; one of a memorial feast; and one set taken in preparation for Christmas festivities. Curiously, there are no photographs of Rom weddings. The dearth of pictures of rituals and celebrations, which form so important a part of Rom life, may be due to difficulties with interior lighting.

Because of internal and other inconsistencies, exact dating of the photographs is often difficult. Discrepancies of as much as ten year occur in some of the dates in de Wendler-Funaro's notes.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into seventeen series.
Biographical / Historical:
According to information supplied by Mrs. de Funaro, Carl de Wendler-Funaro was born in Brooklyn, New York, on October 12, 1898. After attending Boys' High School and Erasmus Hall High School in Brooklyn, he attended the University of Illinois and Cornell University, receiving a bachelor's degree in entolomology from Cornell in 1923. Subsequently he taught foreign languages at New York University, the McBurney School of the YMCA in New York City, Newark Academy and Wagner College. He began graduate work in the late 1930s, and in 1958 earned a doctorate from Columbia University with a dissertation on 'The Gitano in Spanish Literature' (a copy is in the collection, Box 1, folders 2 and 3). De Wendler-Funaro retired from teaching in 1963; he died in Tucson, Arizona on February 15, 1985.

Carl de Wendler-Funaro was an avid amateur collector of insects, especially Coleoptera, as well as shells, minerals, stamps and coins; his insect collections were donated to the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

De Wendler-Funaro's interest in Gypsies, according to his manuscripts, began in childhood. The manuscripts and one published article indicate that this interest continued to be personal, rather than professional,,,,apd @hat,,he, did not pursue his contacts with Gypsies systematically. (it was, not, 'until' the late 1940s that anthropologists began systematic studies of GYPSY.@ cultures.) It appears that de Wendler-Funaro sought out Gypsies in fairgrounds, amusement parks and urban storefronts, collecting specimens of language and taking photographs. Irving Brown's letter to de Wendler-Funaro (1929), and de Wendler-Funarol's article in Leisure (1937) refer to his visits to amusement parks. Some of his Romnichel (English Gypsy) subjects recall him as the man who drove along the roads, stopping to take pictures wherever he saw a tent. About 1938 de Wendler-Funaro became involved with a Committee on Gypsy Problems of the Welfare Council, a social service agency of New York City. This involvement may have been an outgrowth of his association with Steve Kaslov, styled by some a Gypsy king. De Wendler-Funaro seems to have served as Kaslov's amanuensis.
Gypsies in the United States:
Several groups, all known to outsiders as "Gypsies," live today in the United Sates. In their native languages, each of the groups refers to itself by a specific name, but all translate their self-designations as 'Gypsy' when speaking English. Each had its own cultural, linguistic, and historical tradition before coming to this country, and each maintains social distance from the others. An overview of these groups and their interethnic relations is presented in "Gypsy Ethnicity: Implications of Native Categories and Interaction for Ethnic Classification," by Matt T. Salo.

Rom

The Rom arrived in the United States from Serbia, Russia and Austria-Hungary beginning in the 1880s, part of the larger wave of immigration from southern and eastern Europe in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Primary immigration ' ended, for the most part, in 1914, with the beginning of the First World War and subsequent tightening of immigration restrictions (Salo and Salo 1986). Many people in this group specialized in coppersmith work, mainly the repair and retinning of industrial equipment used in bakeries, laundries, confectionaries, and other businesses. The Rom, too, developed the fortune-telling business in urban areas.

Two subgroups of the Rom, the Kalderash ('coppersmiths') and, Machwaya natives of machva,' a county in Serbia) appear in the photographs iiv, this collection. De Wendler-Funaro identified some, but not all, Kalderash as, 'Russian Gypsies.' Another group he identified as "Russian Gypsies' seem, to,, be the Rusniakuria ('Ruthenians'), who in New York are known as musicians and singers.

Ludar

The Ludar, or "Romanian Gypsies,' also immigrated to the United States during the great immigration from southern and eastern Europe between 1880 and 1914. Most of the Ludar came from northwestern Bosnia. Upon their arrival in the United States they specialized as animal trainers and show people, and indeed passenger manifests show bears and monkeys as a major part of their baggage. Most of de Wendler-Funarols photographs of this group were taken in Maspeth, a section of the borough of Queens in New York City, where the Ludar created a village of home-made shacks that existed from about 1925 to 1939, when it was razed. A similar settlement stood in the Chicago suburbs during the same period. One of de Wendler-Funarols manuscripts, "Romanian Gypsies at Maspeth Village,' (box 1, folder 9), and a letter from Ammiee Ellis, a social worker (box 2, folder 2), refer to this settlement.

Romnichels

The Romnichels, or English Gypsies, began to come to the United States from England in 1850. Their arrival coincided with an increase in the demand for draft horses in agriculture and then in urbanization, and many Romnichels worked as horse-traders. After the rapid decline in the horse trade following the First World War, most Romnichels relied on previously secondary enterprises, 'basket-making,* including the manufacture and sale of rustic furniture, and fortune-telling. Horse and mule trading continued to some extent in southern states where poverty and terrain slowed the adoption of tractor power (Salo and Salo 1982).

Photoprints in box 6, folders 2 through 10, correspond with de Wendler-Funarols trip described in his manuscript 'In Search of the Last Caravan' (box 1, folder 10). Discrepancies between this manuscript and the photos should be noted. De Wendler-Funarols notes date this trip variously between 1931 and 1945. I have dated it about 1940. Although one man appears as a frequent subject in the largest set of photos (box 6, folders 22 and 23), in the manuscript, de Funaro mentions having missed meeting him.

'Black Dutch'

Gypsies from Germany, whom de Wendler-Funaro refers to 'as Chikkeners (Pennsylvania German, from the German Zigeuner), sometimes refer to themselves as wblack Dutch.w They are few in number and claim to have largely assimilated to Romnichel culture. They are represented in de Wendler-Punarols photographs by a few portraits of one old man and briefly referred to in the manuscript mIn Search of the Last Caravan.*

Hungarian Gypsies

The Hungarian musicians also came to this country with the eastern European immigration. In the U.S. they continued as musicians to the Hungarian and Slovak immigrant settlements.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Mrs. Cornelia de Funaro, June 26, 1985.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Photographs by de Wendler-Funaro are available for reproduction. Fees for commercial use. Permission to reproduce photographs by Alexander Alland must be granted by the photographer's estate; other photographs may have copyright restrictions.
Topic:
Funeral rites and ceremonies -- manuscripts -- Gypsies  Search this
Wagons, Gypsy -- 1920-1980  Search this
Weddings -- manuscripts -- Gypsies  Search this
Orthodox Eastern Church -- Photographs -- 1920-1980  Search this
Tents -- Photographs -- 1920-1980  Search this
Housing -- Photographs -- Wagons -- 1920-1980  Search this
Bears -- performing -- 1920-1980 -- Maspeth (N.Y.)  Search this
Housing -- Photographs -- Tents -- 1920-1980  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- Photographs -- 1920-1980  Search this
Coppersmiths -- 1930-1950  Search this
Musicians -- 1930-1950  Search this
Furniture-making -- 1930-1950  Search this
Horse-trading -- 1930-1950  Search this
Fortune-telling -- 1930-1950  Search this
Training -- Animals -- 1930-1950  Search this
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Gypsies -- 1920-1980 -- United States  Search this
Costume -- Gypsies -- 1920-1980  Search this
Portraits -- Gypsies  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1900-1950
Journals -- 1930-1950
Dissertations
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film -- 1930-1950
Manuscripts -- 1920-1970
Citation:
Carlos de Wendler-Funaro Gypsy Research Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0161
See more items in:
Carlos de Wendler-Funaro Gypsy Research Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0161
Online Media:

Aidan Southall and Marshall Clinard material relating to nutrition and crime in Kampala, Uganda, 1950s-1960s

Creator:
Southall, Aidan, 1920-2009  Search this
Clinard, Marshall B., 1911-2010  Search this
Extent:
18.8 Linear feet ((45 document boxes))
13 Sound recordings
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Questionnaires
Date:
1950s-1960s
Summary:
Aidan Southall (1920-2009) was a social anthropologist whose research focused on rural and urban settings in East Africa. Marshall Barron Clinard (1911-2010) was a sociological criminologist who conducted research in a number of countries, including Sweden, India, Switzerland, and Uganda. This collection, consisting mostly of questionnaires, represents Southall and Clinard's research on nutrition and crime in Kampala, Uganda.
Scope and Contents note:
This collection, consisting mostly of questionnaires, represents Aidan Southall and Marshall Clinard's research on nutrition and crime in Kampala, Uganda. Southall conducted his research during the 1950s in dense low income areas in Kampala. His surveys also include a small sample of urban chiefs, Asian and European households, and domestic servants. Clinard used Southall's work as a foundation for his own research in Kampala in 1968-1969 on urban crime. Surveys from Clinard's research are present in the collection, as well as crime statistics that he collected.
Arrangement note:
The collection is unarranged.
Biographical/Historical note:
Aidan Southall (1920-2009) was a social anthropologist whose research focused on rural and urban settings in East Africa. He received his B.A. (1942) and M.A. (1957) from Cambridge University and earned his Ph.D. at the London School of Economics (1952). In 1957, he became the first professor of social anthropology and sociology at Makerere University College in Uganda, where he stayed until 1964. He was later a professor of anthropology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison (1969-1990).

Marshall Barron Clinard (1911-2010) was a sociological criminologist, educated at Stanford University (B.A., 1932; M.A., 1934) and the University of Chicago (Ph.D., 1941). He conducted research in a number of countries, including Sweden, India, Switzerland, and Uganda. He was a professor at the University of Wisconsin, Madison from 1946 to 1979.
Related Archival Materials note:
Aidan Southall's correspondence can be found in the papers of Harold Schneider and Marvin Harris.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Aidan Southall in 1992.
Restrictions:
This collection is restricted to on site access only. Contact Reference staff for more information.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Urban anthropology  Search this
Kampala (Uganda)  Search this
Crime  Search this
Nutrition  Search this
Genre/Form:
Questionnaires
Identifier:
NAA.2013-25
See more items in:
Aidan Southall and Marshall Clinard material relating to nutrition and crime in Kampala, Uganda, 1950s-1960s
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2013-25

Urban anthropology bibliographic index cards

Collection Creator:
Garrison, Vivian, 1933-2013  Search this
Container:
Box 66
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The Vivian E. Garrison papers are open for research.

Certain materials in the collection contain personally identifiable information (PII) and personal health information (PHI). These materials are restricted for 80 years from the date of their creation. Restricted materials are noted in the following finding aid and have been removed to boxes 54-61.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings.

Access to the Vivian E. Garrison papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Vivian E. Garrison papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Vivian E. Garrison papers
Vivian E. Garrison papers / Series 9: Scholarly literature and bibliographies / 8.2: Bibliographies
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2017-19-ref2560

[Urban Anthropology Essays and Reading Lists]

Collection Creator:
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1964-1969
1976
Series Restrictions:
The grades of Arensberg's students are restricted.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers
Conrad M. Arensberg papers / Series 5: Teaching files / 5.2: Urban Anthropology
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-17-ref1000

[Urban Anthropology—Papers]

Collection Creator:
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1968-1969
Series Restrictions:
The grades of Arensberg's students are restricted.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers
Conrad M. Arensberg papers / Series 5: Teaching files / 5.2: Urban Anthropology
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-17-ref1001

[Urban Anthropology Papers/Essays]

Collection Creator:
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1970-1976
Series Restrictions:
The grades of Arensberg's students are restricted.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers
Conrad M. Arensberg papers / Series 5: Teaching files / 5.2: Urban Anthropology
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-17-ref1002

Urban Bibliographies

Collection Creator:
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Container:
Box 48
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1977
Series Restrictions:
The grades of Arensberg's students are restricted.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers
Conrad M. Arensberg papers / Series 5: Teaching files / 5.2: Urban Anthropology
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-17-ref1003

Urban-Rural Communities

Collection Creator:
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Container:
Box 48
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
undated
Series Restrictions:
The grades of Arensberg's students are restricted.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers
Conrad M. Arensberg papers / Series 5: Teaching files / 5.2: Urban Anthropology
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-17-ref1004

Teaching files

Collection Creator:
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Extent:
11.6 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1938-1983
Scope and Contents:
This series contains Arensberg's files from his years as a faculty member at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Brooklyn College, Barnard College, and Columbia University. Throughout his extensive career in the university setting, Arensberg developed and refined many courses, advised numerous doctoral candidates, and engaged in intellectual endeavors with his colleagues through attending Columbia University seminars.

Each subseries represents a course topic Arensberg taught over the years in various forms. The bulk of material consists of resources Arensberg gathered for his classes.

Materials in this series consist of articles, papers, bibliographies, lecture notes, reading lists, assignments, exams, correspondence, meeting minutes, project proposals, and course syllabi.
Arrangement:
The series is divided into the following 11 subseries: (5.1) Applied Anthropology, 1953-1976; (5.2) Urban Anthropology, 1964-1977; (5.3) The People of the United States, 1946, undated; (5.4) Ethnic Groups, 1938-1961; (5.5) Peoples of the Old World-Europe and the Middle East, 1952-1979; (5.6) Peoples of the Old World-India and Asia, 1952-1979; (5.7) Community Studies in Complex Cultures, 1948-1977; (5.8) Industrial Society, 1938-1980; (5.9) Political Anthropology, 1955-1979; (5.10) Seminars, 1950-1983; (5.11) General, 1938-1979, undated.
Restrictions:
The grades of Arensberg's students are restricted.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2011-17, Series 5
See more items in:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-17-ref765

Urban Anthropology

Collection Creator:
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1964-1977
Scope and Contents:
This subseries contains materials related to Arensberg's courses on urban anthropology.
Arrangement:
The material is arranged alphabetically.
Series Restrictions:
The grades of Arensberg's students are restricted.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2011-17, Subseries 5.2
See more items in:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers
Conrad M. Arensberg papers / Series 5: Teaching files
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-17-ref771

[Man's Movement and his City]

Collection Creator:
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1968
Series Restrictions:
The grades of Arensberg's students are restricted.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers
Conrad M. Arensberg papers / Series 5: Teaching files / 5.2: Urban Anthropology
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-17-ref996

[Notes]

Collection Creator:
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
undated
Series Restrictions:
The grades of Arensberg's students are restricted.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers
Conrad M. Arensberg papers / Series 5: Teaching files / 5.2: Urban Anthropology
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-17-ref997

[Social Stratification]

Collection Creator:
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1970-1974
Series Restrictions:
The grades of Arensberg's students are restricted.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers
Conrad M. Arensberg papers / Series 5: Teaching files / 5.2: Urban Anthropology
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-17-ref998

Sociology 33 Urban Studies

Collection Creator:
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
undated
Series Restrictions:
The grades of Arensberg's students are restricted.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers
Conrad M. Arensberg papers / Series 5: Teaching files / 5.2: Urban Anthropology
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-17-ref999

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