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Wright Brothers Collection

Names:
Coffyn, Frank, 1878-1960  Search this
Ford, Henry, 1863-1947  Search this
Jones, Ernest La Rue, 1883-1955  Search this
Peterkin, C. R.  Search this
See, James Waring, 1850-1920.  Search this
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic feet (1 slim legal document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Sketches
Date:
1909-1945
Summary:
This collection consists mostly of correspondence between the Wright brothers and the following people: J.W. See; Ralph H. Upson; Henry Ford; Ernest Jones; Frank Coffyn; O.G. Simmons; C.R. Peterkin; Otto Mallery; Maynard; and Lester Gardner. Also included are sketches, an NAA letter signed by witnesses: Etheridge, Dough and Moore attesting to the 1903 flight, and the Wright Brothers' original bid for the military contract.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists mostly of correspondence between the Wright brothers and the following people: J.W. See; Ralph H. Upson; Henry Ford; Ernest Jones; Frank Coffyn; O.G. Simmons; C.R. Peterkin; Otto Mallery; Maynard; and Lester Gardner. Also included are sketches, an NAA letter signed by witnesses: Etheridge, Dough and Moore attesting to the 1903 flight, and the Wright Brothers' original bid for the military contract.
Arrangement:
Correspondence is arranged by recipient, other materials are arranged by topic.
Biographical / Historical:
Wilbur Wright was born April 16, 1867, his brother Orville Wright on August 19, 1871. They, along with sister Katharine and brothers Reuchlin and Lorin, were raised near Millville, Indiana and in Dayton, Ohio by their mother, Susan Wright, and father, Milton Wright, bishop of the United Brethren Church. As young men, Wilbur and Orville launched a printing business and a bicycle shop. An interest in aeronautics, spurred by the accounts of the experiments of Otto Lilienthal, prompted Wilbur to request information on the subject from the Smithsonian Institution in 1899. In August of 1900, Wilbur built his first glider and that year and the next the brothers tested gliders at Kitty Hawk. The Wrights constructed a wind tunnel to gather accurate aeronautical data and, benefiting from this new information, another glider was built in 1902. In 1903, the brothers were ready to began construction of a powered craft. With the assistance of mechanic Charles Taylor, they added a 4-cylinder, 12-horsepower engine and propellers to the 1903 Flyer and it was sent to Kitty Hawk for testing. At 10:35 am, December 17, on Kill Devil Hill, Orville achieved a flight of 12 seconds--traveling a distance of 120 feet. By 1908 the Wrights were demonstrating their machines in Europe. The U.S. Army Signal Corps advertised for bids for a two-seat observation aircraft and in 1908 and 1909, the Wrights flew at official Army trials at Fort Myer, Virginia. (It was here that powered flight's first fatality occurred: the tragic death of Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge.) The Army was to purchase the Military Flyer (Signal Corps No. 1) for $30,000 in 1909. In that same year, The Wright Company was established to manufacture Wright aircraft. Wilbur died in Dayton, Ohio on May 30,1912. Orville Wright would live until January 30, 1948.
Provenance:
Various Donors, Gift, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0376
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Airplanes -- Design and construction  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Sketches
Citation:
Wright Brothers Collection, NASM.XXXX.0376, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0376
See more items in:
Wright Brothers Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0376
Online Media:

Pilots' Licenses Collection

Names:
Aero Club of America  Search this
National Aeronautic Association (U.S.)  Search this
Coffyn, Frank, 1878-1960  Search this
Havens, Beckwith.  Search this
Keightley, George M., 1889-1967  Search this
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Extent:
0.33 Cubic feet (1 box)
Container:
Box 107 (Shared)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Identity cards
Date:
1911-1944
Summary:
This collection contains examples of pilot's licenses that were issued in the early 20th century. It includes licenses from various nations such as France, Italy, Canada and the United States.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a variety of pilot's licenses issued by civilian, government and military organizations dating from 1911 to 1944. The collection contains 52 items, and includes a variety of license types and personal effects relating to each pilot. Licenses issued by the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) form a large portion of the non-military parts of the collection, with four of the FAI's founding organizations being featured in the collection. These are Aero Club D'Italia, the Aero Club of America, the Aéro-Club de France and the Royal Aero Club. The US Navy and Air Corps form the majority of military licenses in the collection, with licenses issued by the US Department of Commerce representing civil licenses issued by the Government. Included with many licenses in the collection are other forms of personnel identification attributed to the individual. Examples of these personal effects include a firearms license, an Aviation country club membership card, a business cards and a London-issued driver's license.

Included in this collection are licenses belonging to Raymond Emmanuel Bollack, Laura Bromwell, John Milton Bryant, Frank T. Coffyn, Curtis La Q. Day, Richard Duncan, Lester D. Gardner, G. S. Gillespie, Paul R. Gruhler, Beckwith Havens, Frederick A. Hoover, George M. Keightley, Benjamin Scovill Kelsey, Alfred S. Koch, Lawrence Leon, Grover Loening, Zenos Ramsey Miller, Thomas DeWitt Milling, Charles L. Morris, Thea Rasche, Roland Rohlfs, D. deR. M. Scarrit, Walter J. Shaffer, Thomas E. Springer, Norman Sweetser, Alexander Blair Thaw II, Ralph H. Upson, Clifford L. Webster and E. A. Yeager. A blank license attributed to the Service de la Navigation Aérienne is also included.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged by alphabetical order by last name of the licensee.
Biographical / Historical:
Pilot's licenses became a requirement in the United States after the 1926 Air Commerce Act, however, private organizations issued their own licenses prior to this date. Prominent international organizations, such as the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI), issued licenses to aviators around the world. The FAI was founded in 1905 through the collaboration of aviation clubs from eight countries, those being France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Great Britain, Spain, Switzerland, and the United States. These licenses often served to allow individuals to participate in aeronautic events endorsed by these organizations. Licenses were available for different vehicles with licenses available across various disciplines, with examples being separate documents for balloonists and heavier-than-air pilots. Military organizations often had their own licenses with their own standards. Including examples of licenses issued by various international organizations, the collection provides insight into the types of license that were issued to military and civilian pilots during the first half of the twentieth century.
Provenance:
Gifts and transfers from various sources and unknown, NASM.XXXX.0650.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
Genre/Form:
Identity cards
Citation:
Pilots' Licenses Collection, NASM.XXXX.0650, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0650
See more items in:
Pilots' Licenses Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0650
Online Media:

Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection

Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Names:
Aeromarine-Klemm Corp  Search this
Aircraft Development Corporation  Search this
American National Balloon Race  Search this
Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company  Search this
International Balloon Race  Search this
United States. National Bureau of Standards. Aeronautical Safety Code Commission  Search this
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Extent:
7 Cubic feet (21 boxes )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Publications
Photographs
Letters
Notebooks
Correspondence
Date:
1911-1968
bulk 1940-1960
Summary:
This collection contains Upson's papers and notebooks. The material consists of notebooks, both general (1911-35) and experimental (1928-68) and reference files on a variety of aeronautical subjects. The collection also contains material from Upson's teaching career, as well as miscellaneous personal documents.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains Upson's papers and notebooks. The material consists of notebooks, both general (1911-35) and experimental (1928-68) and reference files on a variety of aeronautical subjects. The collection also contains material from Upson's teaching career, as well as miscellaneous personal documents.

There is approximately seven cubic feet of correspondence, reports, manuscripts, notebooks and various other materials.
Arrangement note:
Contents:

Series 1: Personal and Career

Subseries 1: Personal

Subseries 2: Career

Subseries 3: Education

Subseries 4: Authorship

Subseries 5: Correspondence

Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks

Subseries 1: Notepads and Appointment books

Subseries 2: Notebooks

Series 3: Subject files

Series 4: Miscellaneous
Biographical/Historical note:
Ralph Hazlett Upson (1888-1968) was an aeronautical engineer, inventor and pilot. After graduation from Stevens Institute of Technology (ME 1910) he rocketed to prominence by winning the International Balloon Race (1913) and American National Balloon Race (1913, 1921). He worked as chief engineer of the aeronautical department of Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. (1914-1920), during which time he flew the first United States Navy coastal patrol airship on a demonstration flight (1917) and served on the Navy Design Mission to Europe (1918-19). He then moved to the Aircraft Development Corp. (Chief Engineer 1922-27) while serving as chairman of the Lighter-Than-Air (LTA) division of the Aeronautical Safety Code Commission, US Bureau of Standards (1922-24). He went to work for Aeromarine-Klemm Corp. and a number of other companies (1928-42), during which time he designed the first successful metal-clad airship, the ZMC-2 (1929). After a brief tenure at H. J. Heinze Co. (Chief of Aeronautical Engineering (1942-44) he moved into academia at New York University (NYU, Research Specialist and Lecturer 1944-46) and the University of Minnesota (Professor of Aeronautical Engineering 1946-56; Professor Emeritus 1956-1968). Upson then worked for Boeing (Research Specialist 1956-64) and remained an active consultant until his death.
General note:
An artifact from this collection, the Early Bird plaque of Ralph Upson, was transferred to the Aeronautics Division of the National Air and Space Museum.
Provenance:
Francis A. Upson, gift, 1974, XXXX-0177

Curtiss-Wright Corporation
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Permissions Requests
Topic:
Airships  Search this
ZMC-2  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Aeronautical engineers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Publications
Photographs
Letters
Notebooks
Correspondence
Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177
Online Media:

Notepad

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
January 31 to July 20, 1915
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177, File (#10)
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection / Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks / 2.1: Notepads and Appointment books
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref100

Notepad

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
Second Half of 1915
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection / Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks / 2.1: Notepads and Appointment books
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref101

Notepad

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
January 1, 1914 to May 9, 1916
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177, File (#11)
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection / Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks / 2.1: Notepads and Appointment books
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref102

Notepad

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
June 1916 to January 12, 1917
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177, File (#13)
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection / Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks / 2.1: Notepads and Appointment books
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref103

Notepad

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
January to September 1917
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection / Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks / 2.1: Notepads and Appointment books
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref104

Notepad

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
October or November 1917 to November 1918
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection / Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks / 2.1: Notepads and Appointment books
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref105

Notepad

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1921
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection / Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks / 2.1: Notepads and Appointment books
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref106

G.B. Race

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1921
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection / Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks / 2.1: Notepads and Appointment books
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref107

Detroit

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
Winter, 1931-1922
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection / Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks / 2.1: Notepads and Appointment books
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref108

Detroit

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
Spring, 1922
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection / Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks / 2.1: Notepads and Appointment books
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref109

Personal and Career

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
The career and personal life of Ralph H. Upson were so related as to form a harmonic whole, difficult to compartmentalize. An interest in education expressed itself in both employment by universities and volunteer work with primary school students. A lifetime's accumulation of knowledge was channeled into the writing of a substantial collection of articles and reports. Only materials related directly to Upson's career and personal life are included in this series; more general materials concerning projects Upson may have been involved with can be found in Series 3: Subject Files.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177, Series 1
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref11

Detroit

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
Summer, 1922
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection / Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks / 2.1: Notepads and Appointment books
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref110

Detroit

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
Autumn, 1922
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection / Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks / 2.1: Notepads and Appointment books
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref111

National Races

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1923
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection / Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks / 2.1: Notepads and Appointment books
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref112

Notepad

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
January to November 1923
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection / Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks / 2.1: Notepads and Appointment books
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref113

Notepad

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
June to August 1924
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection / Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks / 2.1: Notepads and Appointment books
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref114

Notepad

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
November 1923 to May 1924
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection / Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks / 2.1: Notepads and Appointment books
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref115

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