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Kenneth Miller Adams papers, 1933-1938

Creator:
Adams, Kenneth M.  Search this
United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Section of Fine Arts  Search this
Subject:
Rowan, Edward Beatty  Search this
Jones, Cecil H.  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Treasury Relief Art Project  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
Place:
United States -- Social conditions -- 1933-1945
United States -- Economic conditions -- 1918-1945
Citation:
Kenneth Miller Adams papers, 1933-1938. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Mural painting and decoration -- Kansas  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- New Mexico  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939 -- Kansas  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939 -- New Mexico  Search this
Federal aid to the arts -- Kansas  Search this
Federal aid to the arts -- New Mexico  Search this
Art and state -- Kansas  Search this
Art and state -- New Mexico  Search this
Theme:
New Deal  Search this
Patronage  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5613
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208447
AAA_collcode_adamkenn
Theme:
New Deal
Patronage
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208447

Ruth Landes papers

Correspondent:
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Wallis, Ruth Sawtell, 1895-1978  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Lopez, Salvador  Search this
Little, Kenneth  Search this
Wilson, Maggie  Search this
Whitecloud, Thomas St. Germain  Search this
Henry, Jules, 1904-1969  Search this
Hellman, Ellen  Search this
Haugen, Einar  Search this
Gough, Kathleen  Search this
Lewis, Oscar  Search this
Kaberry, Phyllis Mary, 1910-  Search this
Imes, Elmer Samuel, 1883-1941  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Steyn, Anna F.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur, 1879-1962  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Sparta, Francisco  Search this
Rubin, Joan  Search this
Rubin, Vera  Search this
Rodnick, David  Search this
Rogers, Edward S.  Search this
Ritzenthaler, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1911-1980  Search this
Roberts, Robert W.  Search this
Ramo, Arthur  Search this
Richards, Audrey  Search this
Preston, Richard J.  Search this
Verger, Pierre  Search this
Vennum, Thomas  Search this
Topash, Mary  Search this
Topash, Joe  Search this
Teskey, Lynn  Search this
Taylor, Beryl  Search this
Tanner, Helen Hornbeck  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Quain, Buell H. (Buell Halvor), 1912-1939  Search this
Dunning, William  Search this
Douglas, William A.  Search this
Eggan, Fred, 1906-1991  Search this
Edmondson, Munro S.  Search this
Black, Mary B.  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Domengeaux, James  Search this
Feldman, Albert G.  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Gacs, Ute  Search this
Franklin, John Hope  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Erickson, Vincent O.  Search this
Falk, Minna R.  Search this
Faitlovitch, V.  Search this
Alberto Torres, Heloisa  Search this
Buck, Pearl  Search this
Bruce, Harold E.  Search this
Borri, Rina  Search this
Boggs, Stephen Taylor  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baldus, Herbert  Search this
Barnouw, Victor  Search this
Bateson, Mary Catherine  Search this
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich  Search this
Malherbe, E. G. (Ernst Gideon), 1895-  Search this
Marks, Eli S.  Search this
Masha, Louise  Search this
Maslow, Will  Search this
Masquat, Joseph M.  Search this
Mayer, Kurt B.  Search this
McWilliams, Carey  Search this
Bunche, Ralph J.  Search this
Carneiro, Edison  Search this
Chilver, E. M.  Search this
Chilver, Richard  Search this
Clifton, James A.  Search this
Colson, Elizabeth F.  Search this
Daveron, Alexander  Search this
Lowenfeld, Margaret, 1890-1973  Search this
Officer, James E.  Search this
Odum, Howard W.  Search this
Park, Alice  Search this
Paredes, Anthony  Search this
Paton, Alan, 1903-1988  Search this
Park, George  Search this
Prado, Idabel do  Search this
Peschel, Keewaydinoquay M.  Search this
Merwe, Hendrik W. van der  Search this
Murphy, Robert Francis  Search this
Messing, Simon D.  Search this
Neumann, Anita  Search this
Nef, Evelyn Stefansson  Search this
Nocktonick, Louise  Search this
Neumann, Walter  Search this
Creator:
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Names:
Columbia University Research in Contemporary Cultures  Search this
Committee on Fair Employment Practices  Search this
Fisk University  Search this
Johnson, Charles S.  Search this
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Park, Robert E.  Search this
Extent:
26.5 Linear feet ((63 document boxes and 1 oversized box))
Culture:
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
African  Search this
Acadians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Jews -- American  Search this
Latinos -- California  Search this
Brazilians  Search this
Basques  Search this
American Indians  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Africans  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Quebec -- Bilingualism
United Kingdom -- colored immigration
South Africa
Date:
1928-1992
Summary:
Most of Ruth Landes's papers relate directly or indirectly to Landes's American Indian research, her work in Brazil, and her study of bilingualism. There is also a considerable amount of material that relates to her experiences (sometimes fictionalized) at Fisk University. There is only small amount of material related to her other interests. Her collection also has material of and relating to the Brazilian folklorist and journalist Edison Carneiro. There is also noteworthy material concerning Herbert Baldus, Ruth Benedict, Elmer C. Imes, Charles S. Johnson, and Robert E. Park. There is a large amount of printed and processed materials in the collection, mainly in the form of newspaper clippings and a collection of scholarly papers.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is mainly comprised of the professional papers of Ruth Schlossberg Landes. Included are correspondence, journals, published and unpublished manuscripts of writings, research materials including field notes and reading notes, photographs, drawings, scholarly papers and publications by other scholars, and clippings from newspapers and periodicals.

Landes's field research on Candomblé in Brazil is well-represented in this collection, consisting of her field journals, writings, and photographs. Also present are Maggie Wilson's stories that were the basis for Landes's The Ojibwa Woman. Unfortunately, Landes was unable to locate her journals for her early research with the Ojibwa/Chippewa, Potawatomi, and Dakota. There are, however, field photographs of the Ojibwa/Chippewa and Potawatomi in the collection. There is also a great deal of her research on groups, especially minorities, in multilingual states with particular focus on the French of Quebec, Basques of Spain and the United States, Boers and Blacks of South Africa, the several socio-linguistic groups of Switzerland, and Acadians (Cajuns) of Louisiana. In the collection are several drafts of her unpublished manuscript on bilingualism, "Tongues that Defy the State." There is also a small amount of material about Black Jews of New York and considerable material about Landes's experience among African Americans when she taught briefly at Fisk University, including her unpublished manuscript "Now, at Athens," containing fictional and autobiographical accounts of her time at Fisk.

Reflections of other facets of Landes's professional activities are also included. Some materials concern her teaching activities, and there is also documentation of her work with the Fair Employment Practices Commission (a federal government agency during the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt) and a similar private organization which immediately succeeded the FEPA; Gunnar Myrdal's research into the plight of African Americans ("The Negro in America"); the Research in Contemporary Cultures project at Columbia University; and the American Jewish Congress.

Among Landes's correspondents are Ruth Benedict, Franz Boas, Margaret Mead, Ralph Bunche, Herbert Baldus, Edison Carneiro, Sally Chilver, Frances Densmore, Sol Tax, Elmer S. Imes, Charles S. Johnson, Robert E. Park, and Hendrik W. van der Merwe.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 6 series: (1) Correspondence, 1931-1991; (2) Research Materials, circa 1930s-1990; (3) Writings, circa 1930s-1990; (4) Teaching Materials, 1935-1975, undated; (5) Biographical and Personal Files, 1928-1988; (6) Graphic Materials, 1933-1978, undated
Biographical Note:
Ruth Schlossberg Landes was born on October 8, 1908 in New York City. Her father was Joseph Schlossberg, an activist in the Yiddish labor socialist community and one of the founders of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. She studied sociology at New York University (B.A. 1928) and social work at the New York School of Social Work, Columbia University (M.S.W. 1929). While in graduate school, Landes studied Black Jews in Harlem for her master's thesis, a topic that developed her interests in anthropology.

After graduating in 1929, she worked as a social worker in Harlem and married Victor Landes, a medical student and son of family friends. Their marriage ended after two years when she enrolled in the doctoral program in anthropology at Columbia against her husband's wishes. She kept his surname due to the stigma of being a divorced woman.

At Columbia, Landes studied under Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict, her main advisor. Under the guidance of Benedict, Landes moved away from further study of African Americans to focus on Native American communities. Upon Benedict's suggestion, Landes studied the social organization of the Ojibwa in Manitou Rapids in Ontario from 1932 to 1936 for her Ph.D. fieldwork. Her dissertation, Ojibwa Sociology, was published in 1937. Landes also contributed "The Ojibwa of Canada" in Cooperation and Competition among Primitive Peoples (1937), a volume edited by Margaret Mead. In 1938, Landes published Ojibwa Women (1938), a book written in collaboration with Maggie Wilson, an Ojibwa interpreter and informant.

In addition to studying the Ojibwa in Ontario, Landes also conducted fieldwork with the Chippewa of Red Lake, Minnesota in 1933, working closely with shaman or midé Will Rogers. Her book, Ojibwa Religion and the Midéwiwin (1968) was based largely on her research with Rogers and Maggie Wilson. In 1935 and 1936, she undertook fieldwork with the Santee Dakota in Minnesota and the Potawatomi in Kansas. Like Ojibwa Religion and the Midéwiwin, her books on the Santee Dakota and Potawatomi were not published until several years later—The Mystic Lake Sioux: Sociology of the Mdewakantonwan Sioux was published in 1968 while The Prairie Potawatomi was published in 1970. In between her field research in the 1930s and the publication of The Prairie Potawatomi, Landes returned to Kansas to study the Potawatomi in the 1950s and 1960s.

Landes's plan to continue her studies with the Potawatomi in 1937 changed when Benedict invited her to join a team of researchers from Columbia University in Brazil. Landes was to conduct research on Afro-Brazilians in Bahia, Brazil, while Walter Lipkind, Buell Quain, and Charles Wagley studied indigenous people in the Amazons. To prepare for her research, Landes was at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee in 1937 and 1938 to consult with Robert Park and Donald Pierson and to use the university's library collections of African and African American materials. During that time, Landes also held a teaching position at Fisk and lived in the non-segregated women's residence on campus. Landes later wrote "Now, at Athens," an unpublished memoir containing fictional and true accounts of her experiences at Fisk.

From 1938 to 1939, Landes conducted fieldwork on the role of Afro-Brazilian women and homosexuals in the Candomblé religion in Bahia, Brazil. Unable to move freely by herself in Brazil as a single woman, Landes was accompanied by Edison Carneiro, a Bahian journalist and folklorist. With Carneiro as her companion, Landes was allowed access to rituals and people that would have been closed off to her otherwise. Due to her association with Carneiro, a member of the Brazilian Communist Party, Landes was suspected of being a communist and was forced to leave Bahia early. Publications from her research in Brazil include "A Cult Matriarchate and Male Homosexuality" (1940) and City of Women (1947). She returned to Brazil in 1966 to study the effects of urban development in Rio de Janeiro. In 1967, a Portuguese translation of City of Women was published, a project that Carneiro had commissioned as the first director of the Ministry of Education and Culture's Special National Agency for the Protection of Folklore.

Landes returned to New York in 1939, working briefly as a researcher for Gunnar Myrdal's study of African Americans. Unable to obtain a permanent position at a university, she worked in several other short term positions throughout most of her career. During World War II, Landes was a research director for the Office of the Coordinator for Inter-American Affairs (1941) and consultant for President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Fair Employment Practices Committee on African American and Mexican American cases (1941-44). In 1945, Landes directed a program created by Pearl S. Buck and a group of interdenominational clergy to analyze pending New York anti-discrimination legislation. She moved to California the following year to work for the Los Angeles Metropolitan Welfare Council on a study of race and youth gangs. After her contract ended, she moved back to New York and was hired as a contract researcher for the American Jewish Congress (1948-50). She also participated in Columbia University's Research in Contemporary Cultures (1949-51), studying Jewish families. She coauthored with Mark Zborowski, "Hypothesis concerning the Eastern European Jewish Family." From 1951 to 1952, Landes spent a year in London, funded by a Fulbright fellowship to study colored colonial immigrants and race relations in Great Britain.

After her fellowship ended, Landes returned to the United States and held short term appointments at several universities. She taught at the William Alanson White Psychiatric Institution in New York (1953-54), the New School for Social Research in New York (1953-55), University of Kansas (1957, 1964), University of Southern California (1957-62), Columbia University (1963), Los Angeles State College (1963), and Tulane University (1964). At Claremont Graduate School, Landes helped to develop and direct the Claremont Anthropology and Education Program (1959-62).

It was not until 1965 that Landes obtained a permanent faculty position at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario; she was recruited for the position by Richard Slobodin. Due to Ontario's age retirement law, Landes was forced to retire in 1973 at the age of 65. She continued to teach part-time until 1977, when she became professor emerita.

Landes passed away at the age of 82 on February 11, 1991.

Sources Consulted

Cole, Sally. 2003. Ruth Landes: A Life in Anthropology. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press.

Chronology

1908 October 8 -- Born Ruth Schlossberg in New York City

1928 -- B.A. in sociology, New York University

1929 -- M.S.W., New York School of Social Work, Columbia University

1929-1931 -- Social worker in Harlem Married to Victor Landes

1929-1934 -- Studied Black Jews in Harlem

1931 -- Began graduate work in anthropology at Columbia University

1932-1936 -- Studied the Ojibwa in Ontario and Minnesota (in field periodically)

1933-1940 -- Research Fellow, Columbia University

1935 Summer-Fall -- Studied the Santee Sioux (Dakota) in Minnesota

1935-1936 -- Studied the Potawatomi in Kansas

1935 -- Ph.D., Columbia University

1937 -- Instructor, Brooklyn College

1937-1938 -- Instructor, Fisk University

1938-1939 -- Studied Afro-Brazilians and Candomblé in Brazil, especially at Bahia

1939 -- Researcher on Gunnar Myrdal's study, "The Negro in America"

1941 -- Research Director, Office of Inter American Affairs, Washington, D.C.

1941-1945 -- Representative for Negro and Mexican American Affairs, Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC), President Franklin D. Roosevelt Administration

1944 -- Interim Director, Committee Against Racial Discrimination, New York

1946-1947 -- Researcher, study of Mexican American youth, gangs, and families, Los Angeles Metropolitan Council

1948-1951 -- Researcher, American Jewish Congress, New York

1949-1951 -- Research consultant, study on Jewish families in New York for Research in Contemporary Cultures Project, Columbia University

1951-1952 -- Fulbright Scholar, to study colored colonial immigration into Great Britain

1953-1954 -- Lecturer, William Alanson White Psychiatric Institution, New York

1953-1955 -- Lecturer, New School for Social Research, New York

1956-1957 -- Married to Ignacio Lutero Lopez

1957 Summer -- Visiting Professor, University of Kansas

1957-1958 -- Visiting Professor, University of Southern California

1957-1965 -- Consultant, California agencies (Department of Social Work, Bureau of Mental Hygiene, Department of Education, Public Health Department) and San Francisco Police Department

1958-1959 -- Director, Geriatrics Program, Los Angeles City Health Department

1959-1962 -- Visiting Professor and Director of Anthropology and Education Program, Claremont Graduate School

1962 -- Extension Lecturer, University of California, Los Angeles and University of California, Berkeley

1963 -- Extension Lecturer, Columbia University Extension Lecturer, Los Angeles State College

1963-1965 -- Consultant, International Business Machines (IBM)

1964 January-June -- Visiting Professor, Tulane University

1964 Summer -- Field work with Potawatomi in Kansas Professor, University of Kansas

1965-1975 -- Professor at McMaster University

1966 -- Studied urban development in Rio de Janeiro

1968-1975 -- Studied bilingualism and biculturalism in Spain, Switzerland, South Africa, United States, and Canada (in Spain and the United States concentrated on Basques)

1975 -- Became part-time faculty member at McMaster University

1977 -- Professor Emerita, McMaster University

1978 -- Award of Merit from the University of Wisconsin, Green Bay

1991 February 11 -- Died in Hamilton, Ontario

1991 -- Establishment of the Ruth Landes Memorial Research Fund at Research Institute for the Study of Man (RISM)
Related Materials:
Correspondence from Ruth Landes can be found in the William Duncan Strong Papers, the Leonard Bloomfield Papers, and MS 7369. The Ruth Bunzel Papers contains a copy of a grant application by Landes.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Ruth Landes in 1991.
Restrictions:
The Ruth Landes papers are open for research. The nitrate negatives in this collection have been separated from the collection and stored offsite. Access to nitrate negatives is restricted due to preservation concerns.

Access to the Ruth Landes papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Midéwiwin  Search this
Bilingualism  Search this
Aging  Search this
Candomblé (Religion)  Search this
Citation:
Ruth Landes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1991-04
See more items in:
Ruth Landes papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37e032ce2-12b4-4c64-83be-ec51796c4bd6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1991-04
Online Media:

Dennis J. Stanford and Margaret A. (Pegi) Jodry papers

Creator:
Stanford, Dennis J.  Search this
Jodry, Margaret A. (Pegi)  Search this
Extent:
[265] Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Alaska -- Archaeology
Date:
[1873-2019]
bulk [1975-2015]
Summary:
The papers of Dennis J. Stanford and Margaret A. (Pegi) Jodry document the archaeological excavations and analysis of Paleoindigenous (also called Paleoindian) sites through the United States including sites within the San Luis Valley in Colorado and those on the Delmarva Peninsula in the Chesapeake Bay region. Stanford's career as curator of North American Archaeology and Jodry's career as project archaeologist and research assistant at the National Museum of Natural History from the 1970s to 2010s as well as their collaboration with other researchers and professional organizations is also represented. The collection consists of field notes, data and analysis, manuscript drafts, publications, correspondence, illustrations and maps, photographic prints, negatives, slides, and recorded film and sound.
Biographical / Historical:
Dennis Joe Stanford (1943-2019) was born on May 13, 1943 in Cherokee, Iowa. After moving to New Mexico and then to Wyoming, Stanford had in early interest in archaeology by finding artifacts starting at the age of 9. After volunteering on an archaeological dig at the Union Pacific Mammoth Site as a teenager, Stanford received a B.A. in Anthropology from the University of Wyoming in 1965 as a student of Dr. William Mulloy. Stanford then received a M.A. in Anthropology from the University of New Mexico in 1967, and then subsequently began his doctoral research, which focused on the excavation (conducted in 1968-1969) and analysis of the Walakpa site in Alaska. He then received a Ph.D. in Anthropology from the University of New Mexico in 1972. That same year, Stanford was hired by the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) as an Associate Curator of Archaeology and Director of the Paleoindian/Paleoecology Program. By 1978, he was promoted to Curator of Archaeology and served as Head of the Division of Archaeology from 1990-1992 and again from 2004-2011. He also served as Chairman of the NMNH Department of Anthropology from 1992-2000. During his 47 years at NMNH, Stanford also conducted extensive research on topics and methods such as experimental archaeology, lithic analysis, the peopling of the Americas, and paleoecology and published over 150 works, including several books such as Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture (2012), which he coauthored with archaeologist Bruce Bradley. A few notable sites, experiments, and concepts examined by Stanford and colleagues include the Jones-Miller, Selby, Dutton, Lamb Spring, and sites within the San Luis Valley in Colorado; the Ginsberg elephant butchery experiment; and the Solutrean Hypothesis. Stanford also contributed over one million objects to NMNH's collections, comprising the Dennis Stanford National Paleoindian Collection. Dennis J. Stanford died on April 24, 2019 at Georgetown Hospital in Washington, D.C.

Chronology of the Life of Dennis Stanford

1943 May 13 -- Born in Cherokee, Iowa, USA

1960-1961 -- Volunteered at excavations of the Union Pacific Mammoth site in Wyoming

1965 -- B.A. in Anthropology from the University of Wyoming

1967 -- M.A. in Anthropology from the University of New Mexico

1968-1969 -- Led survey and excavations at the Walakpa site near Point Barrow, Alaska

1972 -- PhD in Anthropology from the University of New Mexico Began at the Smithsonian Institution as Associate Curator of Archaeology and Director of the Paleoindian/Paleoecology Program at the National Museum of Natural History

1973-1975 -- Excavations at the Jones-Miller Bison Kill site in Wray, Colorado

1975-1978 -- Excavations at the Selby and Dutton sites in Wray, Colorado

1977 -- Excavations at the Linger site (5AL91), Colorado

1978 -- Promoted to Curator of Archaeology at NMNH

1978-1979 -- Conducted the Ginsberg Elephant Butchery Experiment

1980-1981 -- Led second excavation of the Lamb Spring site, Colorado

1981-1983 -- Excavations at the Stewart's Cattle Guard site, Colorado

1983 -- Excavations at the Reddin site (5SH77), Colorado

1990-1992 -- Named Head of the Division of Archaeology at the National Museum of Natural History

1992 -- Coedited Ice Age Hunters of the Rockies with Jane Day Recipient of the C. T. Hurst Award for Outstanding Contributions to Colorado Archaeology, Colorado Archeological Society

1992-2000 -- Served as Chair of the National Museum of Natural History Department of Anthropology

2004-2011 -- Head of the National Museum of Natura History Division of Archaeology

2005 -- Coedited Paleo-American Origins: Beyond Clovis with Robson Bonnichsen, Bradley T. Lepper, and Michael R. Waters

2012 -- Coauthored Across the Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture with Bruce Bradley

2019 April 24 -- Died in Georgetown, Washington, District of Columbia, USA
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Archaeologists  Search this
Paleo-Indians -- North America  Search this
Archaeology -- Colorado  Search this
Lithics -- American Indian  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Archaeology -- United States  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Citation:
Dennis J. Stanford and Margaret A. (Pegi) Jodry papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonain Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2022-05
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a6e95ffd-cfcb-45c4-9c23-5a5d34323171
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2022-05

Campus and Community: Public and Land-grant Universities and the USDA at 150

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Introduction:
The year 1862 marked the founding of two types of institutions that touch the lives of people across the United States and the world every single day: public universities and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Public and land-grant universities and the USDA partner with communities to put research into action in the areas of agriculture and food, health care, sustainable living, urban and rural revitalization, and education. The 2012 Festival program brought these partnerships to life through demonstrations, discussions, and hands-on activities, focused around several themes.

Building on Traditions: Many programs at public and land-grant universities and the USDA build on traditional culture, using it as a bridge to the future. Connecting with community members - from preschool students to elders - enriches the learning and research of university students, faculty, and staff by tapping into traditional creative expression and scientific knowledge. From Hawaiian celestial navigation to Mexican American medicinal methods, these programs offer mutual benefits for communities and universities while helping to preserve important knowledge for the future.

Reinventing Agriculture: The study of agriculture was part of the original mission of land-grant universities. Today, land-grant universities - often through USDA-supported programs - conduct cutting-edge agricultural research, which leads to important breakthroughs in seed quality, crop yield, and food security. Similarly, community-based projects of the universities and the USDA benefit the nation and the world. Projects in this area of the Festival connected the best of the past to the promise of the future.

Sustainable Solutions: The future of our world depends on solutions to growing and harvesting more food, reducing waste, conserving water, and finding viable alternative energy sources. Land-grant and public universities and the USDA collaborate with farmers, foresters, fishermen, biofuel producers, and others to put sustainability research into action, making daily life "greener" for local, regional, and global communities.

Transforming Communities: What does it take to transform a community? Public and land-grant universities and the U.S. Department of Agriculture use the power of their research and outreach capabilities to partner with community members in ways that profoundly improve many aspects of daily life, including health, education, accessibility, and connectivity.

Visitors to the Campus and Community program exercised their green thumbs in our garden spaces; got advice from Executive Master Gardeners and learned how to grow their own pizza garden; attended a "mini-university" class on entomology, paleontology, sustainable energy, and many other topics; explored innovative ideas that communities are using to repurpose items usually considered trash; tried a wide variety of 4-H program family activities, from gardening with heirloom seeds to robotics competitions; enjoyed community-based music and dance, which helps preserve and nurture traditional knowledge and keeps students motivated; and shared stories about their personal experiences with public university and USDA programs.

Betty Belanus was Curator, with a Curatorial Team consisting of Kurt Dewhurst, Sandy Rikoon, and Pat Turner; Cristina Díaz-Carrera was Program Coordinator.

The program was produced in partnership with the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Sponsoring universities included University of California, Davis; University of Florida; University of Hawai'i; University of Illinois; Indiana University; Iowa State University; University of Maryland; Michigan State University; Mississippi State University; University of Missouri; Montana State University; Oregon State University; University of Tennessee, Knoxville; Texas A&M University; University of Vermont; Washington State University; and West Virginia University. Mississippi State University Bagley College of Engineering Dean's Advisory Council was a Donor. Federal support for the program came from the Latino Initiatives Pool, administered by the Smithsonian Latino Center. The U.S. Forest Service and Francis Hamilton Fund for Excellence were Contributors. Friends of Mississippi State University, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences; Hawai'i Convention Center; McCullough Steel Products Inc., Mississippi; PetSmart Charities; and Sanderson Farms Inc. were Supporters.
Presenters:
Betty Belanus, Harold Closter, James Deutsch, David Edelson, Lorenzo Esters, Wendy Fink, Nancy Groce, Lisa L. Higgins, Marjorie Hunt, Suzanne Ingalsbe, Cathy Kerst, Helen Klaebe, Josh Lasky, Elaine J. Lawless, Mario Montaño, Tracy Parish, Sandy Rikoon, Pat Turner, Caren Wilcox, Kurt Dewhurst, Jon Kay
Participants:
Building on Tradition

Michigan State University -- Michigan State UniversityKatherine Eleanor Barnes, 1948-, East Lansing, MichiganJessica Virginia Barnes-Najor, 1974-, East Lansing, MichiganAnn Frances Belleau, 1966-, Sault Ste. Marie, MichiganAyana Belleau, 1998-, Sault Ste. Marie, MichiganCarly Belleau, 2000-, Sault Ste. Marie, MichiganGeorge L. Belleau, 1967-, Sault Ste. Marie, MichiganLexy Belleau, 2000-, Sault Ste. Marie, MichiganTerrie Lynne Denomie, 1961-, Sault Ste. Marie, MichiganBarbara Dye, Middletown, MarylandClaire Dye, Middletown, MarylandEthan Dye, Middletown, MarylandPatricia Ann Farrell, 1946-, East Lansing, MichiganDelores Fitzgerald, East Lansing, MichiganRuth Ann Goorhouse, 1948-, Sault Ste. Marie, MichiganEarly John Kilpatrick, 1955-, Sault Ste. Marie, MichiganMary Margaret Kilpatrick, 1955-, Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan

University of Hawai'i -- University of Hawai'iAlohilani M.K. Adachi-JoseAriana AkakaJonah AkakaKimberly Kainoa Ariola-SukisakiKakaihala'i AvilezRichard C.K. BarbozaSamuel BarrChad BaybayanPaanaakala BaybayanManette BenhamSharon Leinaala BrightUluwehi K. CashmanEdward Chung Cashman, Jr.Keola Kawaiulailiahi ChanLa'akea Kaleohaaheookeao ChanDoris Jane ChangeLauleipuaokalani A.O. CoenFrank DamasCarl I. EvensenArnel FergerstromRockne C. Freitas, Honolulu, HawaiiGinger L. HamiltonNicole Mehanaokala HindKalaihikiola A.T. Hind-BoydLui Hokoana, Honolulu, HawaiiHeidi Ilima Ho-LastimosaClaire K. HughesElijah Kalani IsaacVictoria Poliahu Ishibashi-NaboaStacey K. KaauaJoseph Keaweaimoku KaholokulaGordon Umialiloa KaiJanie Leinaala KaiPele Hosea KaioKeahikaaiohelo N. KanaheleKekuhi H. KanaheleDrew Eric HappAlvin Katahara, HonoluluKauilehuamelemele KauhaneLisa Lehue KaulukukuiJames Kanani Kaulukukui, Jr.Kekuhi KealiikanakaoleohaililaniEd KenneyMalu KidoLeslie Kaiu KimuraDerrick KiyabuJoanne Chieko Leong, Honolulu, HawaiiEcstasy LigonMele LookKevin George LopesNaomi C. Losch, Kailua, HawaiiGail Mililani Makuakane-LundinSummer Puanani MaunakeaRyan Martin Shinichi McCormackWahine Aukai MercadoLynne Keala Monaco, Honolulu, HawaiiGloria Ann MurakiTrina Nahm-MijoKatherine Kawhionalani NguyenScott NikaidoDerrik ParkerKapuaohooleiiaikapono Aluli SouzaDonald O. Straney, Hilo, HawaiiBruce Kukini SuwaNoel K. Tagab-CruzTammy M. TanakaTaupouri TangaroKeyra Marie TejadaTy Preston TenganGlenn I. TevesDanielle TorresRalstan Kaulana VaresEthel M. VillalobosLynne T. Waters, Honolulu, HawaiiClifford Watson, Ewa Beach, HawaiiKahealani Kuuipo WilcozPuanaupaka WilliamsMichelle Noe Noe Wong-WilsonMorgan Wright

University of Missouri -- University of MissouriLesley Barker, 1956-, Ste. Genevieve, MissouriJo Jean Britt-Rankin, 1967-, Columbia, MissouriCynthia Kay DeBlauw, 1964-, Columbia, MissouriLisa Lauren Higgins, 1963-, Columbia, MissouriLetitia Johnson, 1962-, Ste. Genevieve, MissouriRobert James Krumm, 1956-, Urbana, IllinoisElaine J. Lawless, 1947-, Columbia, MissouriLynda Lorenz, 1961-, Frohna, MissouriSusan Mills-Gray, 1958-, Harrisonville, MissouriLisa June Palmer, 1960-, Ste. Genevieve, MissouriJames Sanford Rikoon, 1953-, Columbia, MissouriStacy Jo Robb, 1955-, Jefferson City, MissouriLuAnne K. Roth, 1968-, Columbia, MissouriLeAnne StewartDennis Stroughmatt, 1971-, Albion, IllinoisMarie Tyrrell, 1977-, Blue Springs, MissouriIrene Natalie Villmer, 1938-, Cadet, MissouriJames Edward Willgoose, 1955-, Nashville, Illinois

University of New Mexico -- University of New MexicoAntoinette Gonzales, 1971-, Albuquerque, New MexicoRita Navarrete Perez, 1954-, Albuquerque, New MexicoEliseo Torres, 1945-, Albuquerque, New MexicoNieves Y. Torres, 1948-, Albuquerque, New Mexico

University of Texas-Pan Am -- University of Texas-Pan AmMirelle Yariela Acuña, 1985-, McAllen, TexasOrlando De Leon, 1981-, Edinburg, TexasRuben Lino De Los Santos, 1990-, Edinburg, TexasAaron Isai Enriquez, 1991-, McAllen, TexasMiguel Angel Galvan, 1989-, Mission, TexasAngelita Celeste Garcia, 1992-, Edinburg, TexasSteven Garcia, 1975-, Edinburg, TexasNathan Eric García, 1992-, Odessa, TexasDominga Andrea Garza, 1989-, Edinburg, TexasDahlia Ann Guerra, 1954-, Edinburg, TexasCésar Eduardo Jáuregui, 1977-, San Antonio, TexasErica Joanna Lazo-Elizondo, 1985-, Edinburg, TexasFrancisco Loera, 1971-, McAllen, TexasJuan Carlos Lopez, 1989-, Mission, TexasKarina A. Lopez, 1987-, Edinburg, TexasJuan Fernando Mendoza, 1979-, Edinburg, TexasDavid Abraham Moreno Quijano, 1990-, Sullivan City, TexasJose Luis Rangel, Jr., 1985-, Edinburg, Texas

West Virginia University -- West Virginia UniversityMelissa Ackerman, 1991-, Maidsville, West VirginiaBrad Bell, 1991-, Morgantown, West VirginiaCorey Bierer, 1992-, Morgantown, West VirginiaJustice Binegar, 1993-, Williamstown, West VirginiaGareth Blyth, 1992-, Ellwood City, PennsylvaniaNicoletta Ciampa, 1991-, Morgantown, West VirginiaIan Cicco, 1989-, Morgantown, West VirginiaJames Conkle, 1992-, Washington, PennsylvaniaZane Cupec, 1989-, Slippery Rock, PennsylvaniaJamal Davidson, 1991-, New Carrollton, MarylandBrian Falls, 1992-, Steubenville, OhioChristina Fantacci, 1987-, Morgantown, West VirginiaMatthew Finley, 1993-, Moon Township, PennsylvaniaJackson Flesher, 1990-, Grafton, West VirginiaRyan Frost, 1979-, Morgantown, West VirginiaChristopher George, 1988-, Westover, West VirginiaJessica George, 1987-, Westover, West VirginiaKaethe George, 1956-, Morgantown, West VirginiaElissa Laura Gross, 1986-, Washington, D.C.Larissa Hardin, 1990-, Pomfret, MarylandElliott Reid Hartman, 1992-, Burke, VirginiaAdam Honse, 1993-, Uniontown, PennsylvaniaHoward Keith Jackson, 1962-, Morgantown, West VirginiaAlicia Jordan, 1993-, Charlestown, West VirginiaAlison King, 1989-, Fairchance, PennsylvaniaPaul Kreider, 1956-, Morgantown, West VirginiaRafael Langoni de Mello Nunes Smith, 1987-, Morgantown, West VirginiaJohn Lofink, 1988-, Terra Alta, West VirginiaZachary Long, 1990-, Charlestown, West VirginiaElliott Mannette, 1927-Mitchell Marozzi, 1989-, Morgantown, West VirginiaRobert McEwen, 1992-, Oakland, MarylandAlexis Morrell, 1991-, Wheeling, West VirginiaCassandra Nelson, 1991-, Cassville, West VirginiaChristopher Nichter, 1980-, Morgantown, West VirginiaCorey Orban, 1990-, Maidsville, West VirginiaStephen Oswalt, 1993-, Coraopolis, PennsylvaniaSarah Plata, 1988-, Charleston, West VirginiaJohn Posey, 1990-, Wheeling, West VirginiaAndrew Rhodes, 1990-, Morgantown, West VirginiaCody Joseph Riggins, 1990-, Tunnelton, West VirginiaJennifer Sager, 1993-, Irwin, PennsylvaniaStephen Schramm, 1989-, Wheeling, West VirginiaThomas Seidler, 1991-, Wheeling, West VirginiaTyler Shreve, 1989-, Cumberland, MarylandAnne Stickley, 1993-, Fairfax, VirginiaAndrew Swisher, 1987-, Morgantown, West VirginiaMollie Talada, 1990-, Morgantown, West VirginiaAlaina Tetrick, 1990-, Morgantown, West VirginiaGregory Thurman, 1977-, Morgantown, West VirginiaMichael Vercelli, 1973-, Morgantown, West VirginiaRachel Weiss, 1987-, Pittsburgh, PennsylvaniaWilliam J. Winsor, 1956-, Morgantown, West VirginiaMatthew Zeh, 1989-, Morgantown, West Virginia

Reinventing Agriculture

1890 University Consortium -- 1890 University ConsortiumWanda Agnew, 1949-, Bismarck, North DakotaAmber Marie Allery, 1995-, Bismarck, North DakotaCynthia Ann Allery, 1974-, Bismarck, North DakotaPatricia Elaine Aune, 1948-, Bismarck, North DakotaAnnette E. Broyles, 1960-, Bismarck, North DakotaRandolph Judson Two Crow, 1970-, Bismarck, North DakotaKamran K. Abdollahi, 1960-, Baton Rouge, LouisianaRobert Chambers, 1986-, Zachary, LouisianaWilliam Buell Bean, 1977-, Frankfort, KentuckyKimberley Holmes, 1971-, Frankfort, KentuckyKirk Pomper, 1961-, Frankfort, KentuckyAvinash Tope, 1967-, Frankfort, KentuckyTeferi Tsegaye, 1962-, Lexington, KentuckyJason Paul Challandes, 1981-, Newark, DelawareJohn W. Clendaniel, 1972-, Dover, DelawareRose Ogutu, 1966-, Dover, DelawareKathryn A. Onken, 1985-, Dover, DelawareAndy Joseph Wetherill, 1966-, Newark, DelawareEnrique Nelson Escobar, 1948-, Princess Anne, MarylandThomas Handwerker, 1951-, Princess Anne, MarylandBerran Rogers, Princess Anne, MarylandWill Getz, 1942-, Fort Valley, GeorgiaBrou Kouakou, 1962-, Fort Valley, GeorgiaSchauston Miller, 1939-, Fort Valley, GeorgiaChristopher Mullins, Petersburg, Virginia

University of the District of Columbia (Associate Member of the 1890 Consortium) -- University of the District of Columbia (Associate Member of the 1890 Consortium)Howard Franklin, Jr.Tyrone HensonHerbert HoldenAllyn JohnsonJudith Korey, Washington, D.C.Josh LaskyLyle LinkLillie Monroe-LordSteve NovoselSabine O'Hara, Washington, D.C.Douglas PierceTambra Stevenson

1994 University Consortium -- 1994 University ConsortiumElizabeth Campbell, 1979-, Bellingham, WashingtonSusan Given-Seymour, 1946-, Bellingham, WashingtonMeghan Frances McCormick, 1982-, Bellingham, WashingtonTheresa Parker, 1956-, Neah Bay, WashingtonMary Margaret Pelcher, 1960-, Mt. Pleasant, MichiganValerie Segrest, 1983-, Bainbridge Island, Washington

Mississippi State University -- Mississippi State UniversityJames Vincent Aanstos, 1955-, Starkville, MississippiWilliam Heath Barret, 1970-, Starkville, MississippiMegan Bean, 1971-, Mississippi State, MississippiGregory Allan Bohach, 1954-, Starkville, MississippiPhilip Bonfanti, 1962-, Mississippi State, MississippiSusan Elaine Brooks, 1969-, Starkville, MississippiWilliam Blake Brown, 1987-, Columbus, MississippiAmber Burton, 1987-, Starkville, MississippiPhilip A. Bushby, 1949-, Starkville, MississippiGary Tyler Butts, 1989-, Mississippi State, MississippiCritz CampbellEmily Childers, 1983-, Starkville, MississippiJermi Coleman, 1978-, Starkville, MississippiJason Andrew Collins, 1988-, Starkville, MississippiWilliam Austin Dickerson, 1990-, Starkville, MississippiTodd Dickey, 1985-, Starkville, MississippiHaley Rubisoff Doude, 1984-, Starkville, MississippiMatthew Carter Doude, 1984-, Starkville, MississippiOlivia Erinne, 1990-, Natchez, MississippiErron Neal Flowers, 1987-, Starkville, MississippiDavid Garraway, 1980-, Starkville, MississippiJerome Gilbert, 1954-, Starkville, MississippiDavid E. Gillen, 1987-, Clifton, New JerseyThomas Christian Goddette, 1988-, Starkville, MississippiElizabeth Hiebert, 1990-, Moss Point, MississippiConstance Hoblet, 1951-, Starkville, MississippiKent Howard Hoblet, 1946-, Starkville, MississippiJoshua Caldwell Hoop, 1988-, Starkville, MississippiGeorge M. Hopper, 1953-, Starkville, MississippiPeggy F. Hopper, 1955-, Starkville, MississippiMark KeenumSusan Hughes Lassetter, 1985-, Louisville, MississippiChristopher Landon Magee, 1987-, Starkville, MississippiAllison Powe Matthews, 1977-, Starkville, MississippiGeorge Marshall Molen, 1945-, Starkville, MississippiElna Fay Moore, 1946-, Philadelphia, MississippiJonathan Dean Moore, 1988-, Starkville, MississippiReuben B. Moore, 1947-, Philadelphia, MississippiAmanda Mullen, 1990-, Starkville, MississippiEllen Dees Murphy, 1987-, Brandon, MississippiBailey Catherine Owens, 1987-, Starkville, MississippiMaggie Lee Pratt, 1988-, Starkville, MississippiSarah Ann Rajala, 1953-, Starkville, MississippiAnnie T. Ray, 1955-, Eupora, MississippiMichael Joseph Robinson, 1988-, Starkville, MississippiHeather Marie Rowe, 1981-, Starkville, MississippiPeter L. Ryan, 1958-, Starkville, MississippiKyle StewardKaren Marie Eggert Templeton, 1976-, Starkville, MississippiJohn TomlinsonKimberly Lynn Torries, 1989-, Starkville, MississippiJustin Taylor Veazey, 1991-, Pass Christian, MississippiScott Willard, 1968-, Starkville, MississippiAnne Browning Wilson, 1986-, Marietta, GeorgiaKimberly A. Woodruff, 1983-, Starkville, MississippiAmanda Beth Wynn

United States Department of Agriculture -- United States Department of AgricultureGeorge BowmanLincoln Bramwell, Washington, D.C.Rhonda Brandt, Washington, D.C.Russell BriggsEllen BuckleyDonna Burke-Fonda, Washington, D.C.Lorraine ButlerAnnie CeccariniJanette Davis, Washington, D.C.Tiffany EdmondsonJay Evans, Beltsville, MarylandMark Feldlaufer, Beltsville, MarylandSusan FugateLily GravitzRobert Griesbach, Beltsville, MarylandTina HanesJenna JadinRoxanne MacDonaldDuncan McKinleyLyndel Meinhardt, Beltsville, MarylandKelly Novak, Washington, D.C.Ronald Ochoa, Beltsville, MarylandJeff Pettis, Beltsville, MarylandMaggie Rhodes, Washington, D.C.Nichole RosamillaKristen TownsendJon Vrana, Washington, D.C.Caren Wilcox

University of Vermont -- University of VermontGeorge L. Cook, 1950-, Hyde Park, VermontEmily Vera Drew, 1989-, Underhill Center, VermontMark Isselhardt, 1976-, Hyde Park, VermontTimothy D. Perkins, 1961-, Underhill Center, VermontBrian William Stowe, 1963-, Johnson, VermontTimothy Roger Wilmot, 1949-, Underhill, Vermont

Sustainable Solutions

Mississippi State University

Oregon State University -- Oregon State UniversityKeria AndersonDan Arp, Corvallis, OregonBelinda Batten, Corvallis, OregonSamuel Shi-Nung Chan, 1959-, Corvallis, OregonMiguel Cholula, 1983-, Hillsboro, OregonKari Megan Christensen, 1983-, Corvallis, OregonSteve Clark, Corvallis, OregonBeth EmshoffWendy FekkersMatthew Ryan Fowler, 1984-, Everett, WashingtonScott Greenwood, Corvallis, OregonThomas GriffinDoug Hart, Corvallis, OregonBetsy HartleyKathy Higley, Corvallis, OregonAngela Lyn Hunt, 1973-, Astoria, OregonAlicia Lyman-Holt, 1975-, Corvallis, OregonDeb Maddy, Corvallis, OregonOctaviano Merecia-Cuevas, 1982-, Hillsboro, OregonLizeth OchoaJae Park, Astoria, OregonSony ParkGeorge PernsteinerPatrick Proden, Hillsboro, OregonBeth RayEd Ray, Corvallis, OregonScott Reed, Corvallis, OregonKatie ReinhardLaia Robichaux, Corvallis, OregonRobin Rosetta, 1959-, Aurora, OregonKristina Schnell, 1989-, Corvallis, OregonJulie SchwartzShelly Houghtaling Signs, 1972-, Corvallis, OregonKate SinnerIndira SirjueRick Spinrad

University of California, Davis -- University of California, DavisCharles William Bamforth, 1952-, Davis, CaliforniaGina Annette Banks, 1981-, Davis, CaliforniaKatrina Evans, 1980-, Woodland, CaliforniaJon Daniel Flynn, 1961-, Davis, CaliforniaSharon Campbell Knox, 1966-, Davis, CaliforniaLina C. Layiktez, 1970-, Davis, CaliforniaLaurie Ann Lewis Kinshella, 1950-, Davis, CaliforniaCheryl Purifoy, 1963-, Sacramento, CaliforniaChristopher Alan Reynolds, 1951-, Davis, CaliforniaAnn Elisa Savageau, 1945-, Davis, CaliforniaRobert Segar, 1955-, Davis, CaliforniaAbigail Elaine Selya, 1993-, Santa Rosa, CaliforniaCarol Hanling Shu, 1985-, Davis, CaliforniaHelen Xiomara Trejo, 1990-, Davis, CaliforniaPatricia A. Turner, 1955-, Davis, CaliforniaDiane E. Ullman, 1954-, Davis, CaliforniaVirginia Mae Welsh, 1972-, Davis, CaliforniaYi Zhou, 1988-, Davis, California

University of Florida -- University of FloridaErin Elizabeth Alvarez, 1977-, Gainesville, FloridaRuth Hohl Borger, 1957-, Gainesville, FloridaJacqueline K. Burns, 1956-, Auburndale, FloridaJamie Dianne Burrow, 1981-, Lake Alfred, FloridaJames P. Cuda, 1950-, Gainesville, FloridaLynne R. Cuda, 1951-, Gainesville, FloridaMichael Dale Dukes, 1972-, Gainesville, FloridaBetty Ann Dunckel, 1950-, Gainesville, FloridaMary Duryea, 1949-, Gainesville, FloridaEmily E. Eubanks, 1980-, Gainesville, FloridaSeth Charles Farris, 1988-, Davie, FloridaLyn Anne Gettys, 1965-, Davie, FloridaWilliam T. Haller, 1947-, Gainesville, FloridaGail Hansen de Chapman, 1956-, Gainesville, FloridaRebecca Grossberg Harvey, 1973-, Boca Raton, FloridaJohn Parker Hayes, 1955-, Gainesville, FloridaCarolyn Huntley, 1990-, Dunedin, FloridaDale Ann Johnson, 1960-, Gainesville, FloridaTyler Lennon Jones, 1981-, Gainesville, FloridaCassandra Jeaninne Lema, 1989-, Gainesville, FloridaLoy Reginal Markham, 1952-, Cedar Key, FloridaKathleen McKee, 1966-, Gainesville, FloridaBrian Niemann, 1981-, Gainesville, FloridaJack Payne, 1946-, Gainesville, FloridaAmy Nanette Richard, 1962-, Gainesville, FloridaLinda Ann Smith, 1963-, Gainesville, FloridaTimothy Matthew Spann, 1974-, Lake Alfred, FloridaLissette M. Staal, 1956-, Gainesville, FloridaTaylor Verne Stein, 1970-, Gainesville, FloridaLeslie Sturmer, 1951-, Cedar Key, FloridaJoy Vinci, 1981-, Davie, FloridaTimothy Lee White, 1951-, Gainesville, FloridaWilliam Robert White, 1974-, Clear Key, FloridaMegan Brooke Wichman, 1994-, Gainesville, FloridaTom Alan Wichman, 1963-, Gainesville, FloridaSara Elizabeth Williams, 1980-, Davie, FloridaRobert Anthony Witt, 1957-, Cedar Key, Florida

University of Tennessee -- University of TennesseeKate Armstrong, 1987-, Knoxville, TennesseeDiane Bossart, 1964-, Knoxville, TennesseeSteven Mason Davis, Knoxville, TennesseePeter Duke, 1987-, Knoxville, TennesseeKarl Langenberg Hughes, 1988-, Knoxville, TennesseeLauren McCarty, 1988-, Knoxville, TennesseeWilliam Miller, 1952-, Oak Ridge, TennesseeJason Pimsler, 1986-, Knoxville, TennesseeJames Rose, 1973-, Knoxville, TennesseeEdgar Stach, 1963-, Knoxville, Tennessee

Washington State University -- Washington State UniversityTammey Lynn Boston, 1958-, Pullman, WashingtonCharles Burke, 1961-, Pullman, WashingtonBrian C. Clark, 1957-, Pullman, WashingtonTherese Rose Harris, 1958-, Colton, WashingtonGwen-Alyn Hoheisel, 1975-, Prosser, WashingtonKathryn R. La Pointe, 1958-, Moscow, Idaho

Transforming Communities

Indiana University -- Indiana UniversityLetha R. Anderson, 1957-, Pecos, TexasEdward BalasSandra Brothers, 1947-, Spencerville, IndianaAlan Burdette, 1965-, Bloomington, IndianaMary Curry, 1942-, Fort Wayne, IndianaEdward Dambik, 1958-, Bloomington, IndianaW. Scott Deal, 1957-, Indianapolis, IndianaMargaret Dolinsky, 1960-, Bloomington, IndianaChristopher Edward Eller, 1975-, Bloomington, IndianaKatrina Darlene Gorman, 1973-, San Antonio, TexasGladys Gorman-Douglas, Pecos, TexasJeff Guernsey, 1959-, Jeffersonville, IndianaIvan Lane Guernsey, Jr., 1948-, Scottsburg, IndianaLarry Dale Hopkins, 1945-, Pekin, IndianaJon Kay, 1966-, Bloomington, IndianaChin Hua Kong, 1978-, Bloomington, IndianaJosephine E.J. McRobbie, 1984-, Bloomington, IndianaKathy Muhammad, 1949-, Fort Wayne, IndianaMilan Opacich, 1928-, Schererville, IndianaAmy Elizabeth Powell, 1936-, Baltimore, MarylandAndrew James Ragusa, 1984-, Bloomington, IndianaDavid Reagan, 1984-, Bloomington, IndianaElizabeth Shepherd, 1984-, Bloomington, IndianaMichael James Stamper, 1972-, Bloomington, IndianaMaxine Stovall, 1953-, Roanoke, IndianaJannie Wyatt, 1951-, Fort Wayne, Indiana

Iowa State University -- Iowa State UniversityLynn Adams, 1962-, Red Oak, IowaSteven Lynn Adams, Red Oak, IowaTim Borich, Ames, IowaCorydon Arthur Croyle, 1953-, Ames, IowaJennifer Drinkwater, 1979-, Ames, IowaAmy Elizabeth Edmondson, 1990-, Ames, IowaLisa Marie Fontaine, 1957-, Ames, IowaJane Nolan Goeken, 1958-, Spencer, IowaJuan Himar Hernandez, 1977-, Ottumwa, IowaKaren Kay Lathrop, 1966-, West Liberty, IowaSandra Elizabeth Norvell, 1960-, Ames, IowaChitra Rajan, 1958-, Ames, IowaDavid Allen Ringholz, 1972-, Ames, IowaChristopher Ray Van Oort, 1991-, Ames, Iowa

Montana State University -- Montana State UniversityKiah Abbey, Bozeman, MontanaTom Calcagni, Bozeman, MontanaClayton Christian, Helena, MontanaJean Margaret Conover, 1977-, Bozeman, MontanaWaded Cruzado, Bozeman, MontanaKelly Gorham, Bozeman, MontanaJeffrey Brian Holloway, 1955-, Bozeman, MontanaJack Horner, Bozeman, MontanaJamie Drago Jette, 1949-, Bozeman, MontanaMichael Patrick Leiggi, 1954-, Bozeman, MontanaMiki Lowe, Bozeman, MontanaLisa Marie Lundgren, 1989-, Bozeman, MontanaSheldon L. McKamey, 1951-, Bozeman, MontanaLindsay Murdoch, Bozeman, MontanaCollin Nelson, Bozeman, MontanaMartha Potvin, Bozeman, MontanaChase Rose, Bozeman, MontanaJoseph Steffens, Bozeman, MontanaJoseph Thiel, Bozeman, MontanaAngela H. Weikert, 1982-, Bozeman, Montana

Texas A&M University -- Texas A&M UniversityCory Lynn Arcak, 1973-, College Station, TexasRobert T. Bisor, IIIBryan O'Neil Boulanger, 1976-, College Station, TexasBooker Stephen Carpenter, II, 1965-, State College, PennsylvaniaSherylon J. Carroll, 1959-, College Station, TexasJason D. Cook, 1973-, College Station, TexasJuan Gerardo Galvan, 1954-, Laredo, TexasCynthia A. Gay, 1955-, College Station, TexasR. Bowen Loftin, College Station, TexasSherif Ezzat Mabrouk, 1989-, College Station, TexasMichelle Jean Mumme, 1990-, Indianapolis, IndianaOscar Jesus Muñoz, 1950-, College Station, TexasLynn Novick, 1945-, College Station, TexasKaran WatsonChad E. Wootton

University of Illinois -- University of IllinoisBonnie Jo Buckley, 1950-, Charleston, IllinoisAmber Jo Buckley-Shaklee, 1984-, Charleston, IllinoisAnn CameronJupin Abraham Chacko, 1990-, Skokie, IllinoiKen Cleeton, 1960-, Effingham, IllinoisK.L. Cleeton, 1989-, Effingham, IllinoisStephen Paul Diebold, 1988-, Inverness, IllinoiLily DiegoKathleen Downes, 1993-, Floral Park, New YorkSusan Downes, 1963-, Floral Park, New YorkSarah FranzJon Richard Gunderson, 1958-, Champaign, IllinoisAzarmidokht HamidianBrad Hedrick, 1952-, Urbana, IllinoisTamar HellerEmily M. Hoskins, 1983-, Nashville, TennesseeErik Jenkins, 1992-, Crystal Lake, IllinoisGregory Jenkins, 1955-, Crystal Lake, IllinoisJeong-Suk Jin, 1956-, Saint Louis, MissouriKatherine Ann Johnson, 1954-, Champaign, IllinoisKathleen Ann Johnson, 1956-, Northfield, IllinoisJi-Hae Lee, 1983-, Saint Louis, MissouriPage Lindahl-Lewis, 1966-, Urbana, IllinoisAnne Marois, 1981-, Champaign, IllinoisElizabeth McBrideDeana McDonagh, 1965-, Savoy, IllinoisKatelyn McNamaraKeith MillerTimothy Nugent, Champaign, IllinoisKushal Parikh, 1987-, Darien, IllinoisTracy Michael Parish, 1979-, Champaign, IllinoisAlyson PatsavasMatthew RamirHadi Rangin, 1962-, Champaign, IllinoisLynn Marie Raymond, 1959-, River Forest, IllinoisVictoria Ann Raymond, 1991-, River Forest, IllinoisKristina ReisCarrie SandahlSheila M. Schneider, 1958-, Champaign, IllinoisScott Wilson Schwartz, 1957-, Urbana, IllinoisJoan SestakRoxana StuppKaren SwanSara VogtJill Lindsey Von Fumetti, 1991-, Johnston, IowaRandy John Von Fumetti, 1956-, Johnston, IowaAnne Rose Wessel, 1992-, Teutopolis, IllinoisMichael Todd White, 1987-, Champaign, IllinoisTiffany Wilkinson, 1984-, Mesa, Arizona

University of Maryland Extension -- University of Maryland ExtensionDavid Franc, Westminster, MarylandKathryn A. Franc, 1993-, Westminster, MarylandDenise Elaine Frebertshauser, 1969-, College Park, MarylandKathy Gordon, Westminster, MarylandKevin Eugene Haenftling, 1994-, Mountain Lake Park, MarylandChris Johnston, Centreville, MarylandAaron Lantz, 1994-, Mountain Lake Park, MarylandArlene Lantz, 1965-, Mountain Lake Park, MarylandWillie LantzPhil Malone, Mountain Lake Park, MarylandAmy Rhodes, Salisbury, MarylandAnn Carroll Sherrard, 1956-, Mountain Lake Park, MarylandAnne TurkosAmanda Wahle, Glen Burnie, Maryland

Family Activity Area

California State University, Fresno -- California State University, FresnoMaria Guadalupe Carrillo, 1988-, Fresno, CaliforniaJasen Michael Costa, 1988-, Tulare, CaliforniaPaulette Spruill Fleming, 1948-, Fresno, CaliforniaVanessa Guadalupe Fuentes, 1991-, Fresno, CaliforniaJerica Corinne Guzman, 1987-, Reedley, CaliforniaKristine Michelle Habib, 1968-, Fresno, CaliforniaRonda Yvette Kelley, 1967-, Fresno, CaliforniaSydney Shenae Morrow, 1991-, Seaside, CaliforniaVictoria Nichole Ornelas, 1988-, Fresno, CaliforniaWilliam C. Raines, 1953-, Fresno, California

Michigan State University

Oregon State University

Performing Artists

Dennis Stroughmatt et l'Esprit Creole

University of Texas-Pan American Mariachi Aztlán

The Guernsey Brothers

University of Hawai'i's Tuahine Troupe

Unukupukupu

West Virginia University's Steel Band Drum Ensemble
Collection Restrictions:
Access to the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections is by appointment only. Visit our website for more information on scheduling a visit or making a digitization request. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 2012 Smithsonian Folklife Festival, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.2012, Series 2
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 2012 Smithsonian Folklife Festival
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk56479362f-4e0d-4e5b-b5d2-0425035f4c01
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-2012-ref18

Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers

Creator:
Wedel, Mildred Mott  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Names:
American Antiquity  Search this
Extent:
13 Items (2 oversize boxes, 7 printing blocks, and 4 map drawers. )
51 Linear feet (115 document boxes, 2 card file boxes, 1 5x6x2.5" box, and 1 record storage box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1893-1994
bulk 1930-1993
Scope and Contents:
While these papers primarily consist of Waldo's archeological work in the field and his many publications, the collection also contains Mildred's correspondence and manuscripts, most of which concern her ethnohistorical and archeological work, conferences in which she participated, and her publications, particularly those on La Harpe. Most of the material dates between 1930 and 1990.

A useful way to consider these materials is to conceptualize them as a continuum from project proposals to funding, into fieldwork materials, and ultimately toward manuscripts and publications. These texts generate reputations in academic and museum circles, in this case, drawing Waldo into various organizations and conferences throughout his career. As he rose through the ranks of the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian, his responsibilities and visibility within the museum also increased. This gradual transformation is reflected in the correspondence, organizational and administrative, and research and field work series. Because these and other facets of Waldo's career both constantly and consistently interfaced, the boundaries between the various series and types of materials contained in this collection are highly permeable. This should be kept in mind when reviewing them.

Among Waldo's correspondence are letters from A.T. Hill, F.M. Setzler, and W.D. Strong. The Organizational and Administrative Material contains material from the Department of Anthropology, the National Academy of Sciences, the National Science Foundation, the River Basin Survey, and Tulumniu research. Also included is material from the 5th through the 44th Plains conferences, as well as material from Society for American Archaeology meetings and seminars. Writings include both published and unpublished works. The published works are mainly those by Waldo, however, there are several publications from Mildred. Many of the publications are articles from journals, such as the American Anthropologist and American Antiquity. Drafts and writing notes of both Waldo and Mildred make up the bulk of the writings series. The Research and Fieldwork Materials contains papers relating to Waldo's fieldwork on the River Basin Surveys, as well as his work in Kansas, Missouri and Michigan. In addition, there is material relating to his expert testimony in claims cases brought by the Missouri and Oto, Pawnee, and Kansa Indians (which also involved Mildred) during the 1940s and 1950s. The series of Photographs consists of lantern slides, prints, and negatives. There are extensive photographs of Kansas, Missouri and Nebraska, including field sites, artifacts, bones and landscape. The Personal series contains a miscellany of Waldo's materials, such as his business card and materials from his days as a study at UC Berkeley. Finally, there are several drawers of site maps, topographic maps, aeronautical maps and county maps of Kansas, Wyoming, South Dakota, and Missouri.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
The papers of Waldo Wedel and Mildred Wedel are organized into the following series: Correspondence; Organizational and Administrative Material; Writings; Research and Fieldwork Materials; Personal; Photographs; Printing Blocks; and Maps.
Biographical Note:
Waldo R. Wedel was born in Newton, Kansas in 1908. He grew up in and around Newton with Emil Haury. He graduated from Bethel Academy in 1928 and earned his B.A. at the University of Arizona in 1930. It was at Arizona that Waldo began his development as a field archeologist, working under Dean Cummings and Haury. He continued his education at University of Nebraska, where he was a student of William Duncan Strong, who trained him in Plains archeology and introduced him to the direct historical approach. Through an apprenticeship under Strong, Waldo conducted fieldwork in Signal Butte, Loup River Valley, and in eastern Nebraska during 1930-1933. After earning his M.A. in 1931, he enrolled in the doctoral program at University of California, Berkeley (Ph.D., 1936). During his education at Berkeley, although his chief mentor was Alfred Kroeber, he was strongly influenced by the ecological ideas of geographer Carl Sauer. In the late 1930's, Wedel began to concentrate on a survey of his native Kansas, a region little known archeologically. The Kansas survey began during the field seasons of 1937 and 1938. 1n 1938, he also excavated at a Hopewell site in Platte County, Missouri. In the summer of 1946, Wedel was detailed to establish and direct the Missouri Basin Project (MBP) of the Bureau of American Ethnology's River Basin Surveys (RBS). He continued as the MBP director until 1950 and was detailed each summer to the MBP headquarters in Lincoln, Nebraska. He also worked at sites in South Dakota, Colorado, and the Texas Panhandle from the 1950s to the 1970s.

Except for early work for the Nebraska Historical Society and Gila Pueblo Foundation, Waldo's institutional affiliation was with the Smithsonian Institution. In 1936, he was appointed assistant curator under Neil M. Judd in the Division of Archeology, Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum (USNM). He was made associate curator in 1942. During World War II, he was detailed for a brief period to the Military Planning Division of the Quartermaster Corps, charged with analysis of captured foreign material. In 1950, he was named curator of archeology at the USNM. In 1962, he became head curator of the Department of Anthropology, and in 1964-1965, he was acting head of the newly organized Smithsonian Office of Anthropology. He became Senior Archeologist in 1965. In 1977, he retired from what had become the Department of Anthropology in the National Museum of Natural History and became curator emeritus. He continued activity with the department until 1990 when he moved to Boulder, Colorado. He died in 1996.

Mildred Mott was born in Marengo, Iowa on September 7, 1912. She was trained in history at the University of Iowa (A.B. 1934) and in anthropology with an emphasis on archeology at the University of Chicago (M.A., 1938). She also attended University of New Mexico Jemez Field School in the summer of 1933. She conducted fieldwork under Ellison Orr at Hill Mound Group (13AM105) and Brazell's Island Bear Effigy Mound (13AM81) in Allamakee County in 1936. In the following year, she worked at the Kincaid site in Illinois. She also assisted Florence Hawley in the University of Chicago Dendrochronology Laboratory (1937-38). In 1938, she served as field director for Charles Keyes' archaeological excavation near Webster City, Iowa.

In 1939, Mildred married Waldo Wedel and afterwards accompanied him on many trips to the field. In addition, she pursued an interest in ethnohistory that she developed in school. In particular, she worked on the ethnohistory of regions where her husband was working, often taking advantage of field seasons to retrace routes of early European explorers. Thus, she carried out intensive work on French explorations in the Plains areas (particularly Jean-Baptiste Bénard, Sieur de la Harpe; Pierre-Charles Le Sueur; Claude-Charles Dutisne; and Jean-Baptiste Teuteau). She also published on Plains Caddoan origins and on the Iowa and the Wichita. In 1978-1979, under contract with the Corps of Engineers, she studied the ethnohistory of a Wichita village and French post at the Deer Creek site, Kay County, Oklahoma.

In 1974, Mildred was appointed a Smithsonian Institution research associate in anthropology. In 1985, she was one of several women honored by the American Anthropological Association for their long-time involvement in anthropology. She died in 1995.

Waldo R. Wedel (see also Appendix A: Fieldwork of Waldo R. Wedel)

1908 -- Born in Newton, Kansas

1930 -- B.A. from University of Arizona

1930-1933 -- Apprenticeship under William Duncan Strong at Signal Butte, Loup River Valley, Nebraska

1931 -- M. A. from University of Nebraska

1936 -- Assistant Curator under Neil M. Judd, Division of Archeology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum (USNM) Ph.D. from University of California at Berkeley

1937-1938 -- Field work in Kansas

1938 -- Excavation at a Hopewell site in Platte County, Missouri

1939 -- Married Mildred Mott Wedel

1942 -- Associate Curator, Division of Archeology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum (USNM)

1946 -- Established Missouri Basin Project (MBP) of the Bureau of American Ethnology's River Basin Surveys (RBS), serves as Director

1946-1950 -- Served with Military Planning Division of the Quartermaster Corps

1950 -- Curator of Archeology, United States National Museum (USNM)

1962 -- Head Curator of the Department of Anthropology

1964-1965 -- Acting Head of newly organized Smithsonian Office of Anthropology

1965 -- Senior Archeologist, Smithsonian Office of Anthropology

1977 -- Curator Emeritus, retired from Department of Anthropology in the National Museum of Natural History

1977-1990 -- Continued involvement with Department of Anthropology

1990 -- Moved to Boulder, Colorado

1996 -- Died

Mildred Mott Wedel

1912 -- Born in Marengo, Iowa

1933 -- Attended University of New Mexico Jemez Field School during the summer

1934 -- A.B. from University of Iowa

1936 -- Fieldwork under Ellison Orr at Hill Mound Group (13AM105) and Brazell's Island Bear Effigy Mound (13AM81) in Allamakee County

1937 -- Fieldwork at Kincaid Site in Illinois Assisted Florence Hawley in the University of Chicago Dendrochronology Laboratory

1938 -- M.A. from University of Chicago Field director for Charles Keyes' archaeological excavation near Webster City, Iowa

1939 -- Married Waldo R. Wedel

1974 -- Research associate, Department of Anthropology in the National Museum of Natural History

1978-1979 -- Studied the ethnohistory of a Wichita village and French post at the Deer Creek site, Kay County, Oklahoma

1990 -- Moved to Boulder, Colorado

1995 -- Died
Appendix A: Fieldwork of Waldo R. Wedel:
This timeline was created by Waldo R. Wedel in the 1990s.

1929 -- Place: Arizona (Turkey Hill Pueblo, near Flagstaff)Organizational Affiliation: University of Arizona field party (BC)

1930 -- Place: Nebraska, eastern and southern (Rock Bluffs, Gates, Dooley, Hill sites)Organizational Affiliation: University of Nebraska field party (WDS)Reported in: Strong, W. D. 1935. An Introduction to Nebraska Archeology. SMC 93:10.

1931 -- Place: Nebraska, Loup valley (Burkett, Gray‑Wolfe, Sweetwater sites)Organizational Affiliation: University of Nebraska field party leaderReported in: Dunlevy, M. L. 1936. A Comparison of the Cultural Manifestations of the Burkett (Nance County) and Gray‑Wolfe (Colfax County) sites.Reported in: Chapters in Nebraska Archeology, pp. 147‑247.Reported in: Champe, J. L. 1936. The Sweetwater Culture Complex. Chapters in Nebraska Archeology, pp. 249‑299.

1932 -- Place: Nebraska (Signal Butte) and South Dakota (Leavenworth)Organizational Affiliation: Bureau of American Ethnology (WDS)Reported in: Strong, W. D. 1935. An Introduction to Nebraska Archeology. SMC 93:10.Reported in: Strong, W. D. 1933. Studying the Arikara and their Neighbors on the Upper Missouri. Explor. and Field­ Work of the Smithsonian Institution in 1932.

1933 -- Place: Nebraska (Medicine Creek)Organizational Affiliation: Nebraska State Historical Society (ATH)Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1934. Preliminary Notes on the Archeology of Medicine Valley in Southwestern Nebraska. Nebraska History Magazine, 14:3:144-166. Place: Oklahoma (Comanche ethnography near Layton)Organizational Affiliation: Laboratory of Anthropology Fellow (R Linton)

1933-1934 -- Place: California (Buena Vista Lake)Organizational Affiliation: CWA relief expedition (WDS)Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1941. Archeological Investigations at Buena Vista Lake, BAE Bulletin 130.

1934 -- Place: Nebraska and Kansas (Republican Valley; Minneapolis, Paint Creek)Organizational Affiliation: Nebraska State Historical Society (ATH)Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1935. Reports on Field Work by the Archeological Survey of the Nebraska State Historical Society, May 1 to July 23, 1934. Nebraska History Magazine, 15:3:130-256.

1935 -- Place: California (Sacramento Valley: Howells Point, Redding; San Francisco Bay shellmounds)Organizational Affiliation: University of California field party leader

1936 -- Place: Nebraska (survey in Loup River drainage)Organizational Affiliation: Nebraska Historical Society and Gila Pueblo

1937 -- Place: Missouri and Kansas (Renner, Doniphan, Manhattan)Organizational Affiliation: U. S. National Museum field party leaderReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1943. Archeological Investigations in Platte and Clay Counties, Missouri. U.S.N.M., Bulletin 183.Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1959. An IntroductionReported in: To Kansas Archeology. Bur. Amer. Ethnology, Bulletin 174.

1938 -- Place: Missouri, Colorado (Steed-Kisker, vault mounds; Purgatoire survey)Organizational Affiliation: U. S. National Museum field party leaderReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1943. Archeological Investigations in Platte and Clay Counties, Missouri. U.S.N.M., Bulletin 183.

1939 -- Place: Kansas (Scott and Lane Counties)Organizational Affiliation: U. S. National Museum field party leaderReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1959. An Introduction To Kansas Archeology. Bur. Amer. Ethnology, Bulletin 174.

1940 -- Place: Kansas (Rice and Cowley Counties)Organizational Affiliation: U. S. National Museum field party leaderReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1959. An Introduction To Kansas Archeology. Bur. Amer. Ethnology, Bulletin 174.

1943 -- Place: Mexico (La Venta)Organizational Affiliation: Smithsonian‑National Geographic Society expedition under MWSReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1952. Structural Investigations in 1943. In: La Venta, Tabasco, a Study of Olmec Ceramics and Art, by P. Drucker, BAE ‑ Bull. 153, pp. 34-79.

1946-1949 -- Place: Missouri River BasinOrganizational Affiliation: Field director Missouri Basin Project, River Basin Surveys, Smithsonian InstitutionReported in: Wedel, W. R., 1947. Prehistory and the Missouri Valley Development Program: Summary Report on the Missouri River Basin Archeological Survey in 1946. SMC. 107:6:1‑17.Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1948. SMC 111:2.Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1953. River Basin Surveys Papers, No. 1; BAE ‑ Bull. 154, pp. 1‑59.Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1953. River Basin Surveys Papers, No. 2; BAE ‑ Bull. 154, pp. 61‑101.

1951 -- Place: South Dakota (39ST1)Organizational Affiliation: River Basin Surveys party chief

1952 -- Place: Wyoming (Horner site)Organizational Affiliation: Archeologist on Smithsonian-Princeton expedition.Reported in: Frison, Geo. C. and L. C. Todd, eds. I987 The Horner Site: Type Site of the Cody Cultural Complex. Ch. 2 History of the Princeton and Smithsonian Investigations. Academic Press, Orlando, Fla.

1955 -- Place: South Dakota (39ST1)Organizational Affiliation: River Basin Surveys party chief

1956 -- Place: South Dakota (39ST1)Organizational Affiliation: River Basin Surveys party chief

1957 -- Place: South Dakota (39ST203)Organizational Affiliation: River Basin Surveys party chief

1961-1962 -- Place: Littleton, Colo. (5DO201)Organizational Affiliation: Smithsonian archeological & paleont. exped. (NSF G‑17609: Lamb Spring)

1964 -- Place: Archeological investigations in Southwestern KansasOrganizational Affiliation: NSF grant GS-556

1965 -- Place: Archeological investigations in Central Kansas (Rice Co)Organizational Affiliation: NSF grant GS-556

1966-1967 -- Place: Archeological investigations in Central Kansas (Rice Co)Organizational Affiliation: NSF grant 05-556; Smithsonian Res. Award. 3301

1971 -- Place: Archeological investigations in Central Kansas (Rice Co.)

1972-1973 -- Place: Archeological investigations at Chalk Hollow, Palo Duro Canyon, TexasOrganizational Affiliation: Smithsonian Research AwardReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1975. Chalk Hollow: Culture sequence and chronology in the Texas panhandle. Proceedings, XLI International Congress of Americanists, Mexico, Sept. 2-7, 1974, pp270-278.
Related Materials:
Additional correspondence from Waldo Wedel can be found in various collections at the National Anthropological Archives, including the William Duncan Strong papers, Albert Clanton Spaulding papers, Donald Lehmer papers, Frederick Johnson papers, Manuscript 4846, Manuscript 4192, Department of Anthropology records, River Basin Surveys records, Society for American Archaeology records, Central States Anthropological Society records, and Anthropological Society of Washington records. Photographs of Waldo can be found in Photo lot 33, Photo 83-13, Photo 58, Photo Lot 85-12, Manuscript 4261(1), Negative MHT 65124, Negative 728413, and the Source Print Collection. Manuscript 7450 is a recording of Waldo and others giving a talk on the history of anthropology at the Smithsonian. See Manuscript 2011-29 for an oral history interview with Waldo, conducted by Larry Banks.

Correspondence from Mildred can be found in the Robert King Harris papers and the William Duncan Strong papers. Manuscript 7293 is a recording of the Ewers-Wedel symposium, at which Mildred was a speaker.

At the Smithsonian Institution Archives, photos of Waldo can be found in the Kjell Bloch Sandved Photographic Files and the Smithsonian Institution Office of Public Information, Productions records.
Separated Materials:
The following films were separated from the collection and transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives:

6 reels of 16MM kodachrome film-original reversal 5 reels of Medicine Creek...1947-48 (includes Boysen Camp (1947) and Brule Flat site) 1 reel of Bison Kill (Powder River) Ghost Cave near Billings, MT., 1947

The following artifacts were separated from the collection and transferred to the ethnology and archaeology collections of the Department of Anthropology:

Sherds from Peppiatt-Lyons Metal ice shoe cleats Glass beads
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel in 1990. Additional materials were donated by their son, Waldo M. Wedel in 2011.
Restrictions:
The Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers are open for research. Personnel files and grant proposals sent to Waldo Wedel to review are restricted. Waldo and Mildred Wedel's monographs are stored at an off-site facility.

Access to the Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Citation:
NAA.1990-20, Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1990-20
See more items in:
Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d7ca58ad-ffbf-4771-96eb-ae42ae40ae03
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1990-20

William C. Sturtevant papers

Topic:
Handbook of North American Indians
Creator:
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Six Nations  Search this
Extent:
220 Linear feet (The total extent of the collection is 191.41 linear feet (consisting of 473 document boxes and 2 record boxes) plus 254 sound recordings, 94 computer disks, 42 card file boxes, 85 oversize folders, 9 rolled items, 18 binder boxes, and 3 oversize boxes. Of the total extent, 4.79 linear feet (14 boxes) are restricted.)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Realia
Research
Notes
Office files
Theses
Slides (photographs)
Sound recordings
Exhibition catalogs
Field notes
Clippings
Correspondence
Photographs
Microfilms
Newsletters
Manuscripts
Memorandums
Articles
Card files
Books
Artifacts
Negatives
Date:
1952-2007
Summary:
This collection contains the professional papers of William Curtis Sturtevant and documents his activities as Curator of North American Ethnology at the National Museum of Natural History, his work as the editor-in-chief of the Handbook of North American Indians, his research among the Seminole and Iroquois people, and other professional activities. The collection is comprised of books, sound recordings, research and field notes, realia, artifacts, clippings, microfilm, negatives, slides, photographs, manuscripts, correspondence, memorandums, card files, exhibition catalogs, articles, and bibliographies.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains the professional papers of William Curtis Sturtevant and documents his activities as Curator of North American Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History, his work as the editor-in-chief of the Handbook of North American Indians, his research among the Seminole and Iroquois people, and his involvement in various professional activities. The collection is comprised of research and field notes, sound recordings, realia, clippings, negatives, slides, prints, published and unpublished writings, correspondence, memorandums, conference papers and meeting notes, card files, exhibition catalogs, articles, bibliographies, student files such as class notes and papers from Sturtevant's years as an anthropology student, teaching materials including lecture notes and exams, daily planners, passports, military records, artwork including prints and lithographs, maps, and computer files.

The materials in this collection document Sturtevant's career as a preeminent North American ethnologist, museum curator, university professor, his role as General Editor of the Handbook of North American Indians, and his contributions to the field of Anthropology. From his early work with the Seminole Indians of Florida to his forays into Burma, and his decades-long study of how Native Americans have been depicted in artistic and popular culture, Sturtevant's diverse intellectual interests are represented in his research files. A copious note taker, Sturtevant captured his observations and opinions of everything from meetings with colleagues to museum exhibits. Sturtevant's commitment to the anthropological profession can be found in the notes and programs of the many conferences, symposiums, and lecture series he attended and at which he presented. He also held numerous leadership positions in various professional associations and sat on the board of directors/trustees for several cultural organizations including Survival International and the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation. Sturtevant was respected for his vast knowledge of indigenous peoples and he received a voluminous amount of correspondence from colleagues who often included copies of their papers and grant proposals. He kept many of these works, which, it appears he used as reference material. Sturtevant's own work is reflected in his writings; he published over 200 scholarly papers, articles, and books.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized in 14 series: 1. Correspondence, 1951-2008; 2. Research Files, 1851, 1860s, 1880s, 1890, 1939-2006; 3. Writings, 1952-2006; 4. Professional Activities, 1952-2006; 5. Smithsonian, 1954-2008; 6. Handbook of North American Indians, 1971-2007; 7. Biographical Files, 1933-2007; 8. Student Files, 1944-1985; 9. Subject Files, 1902-2002; 10. Photographs, 1927-2004; 11. Artwork, 1699-1998; 12. Maps, 1949-1975; 13. Sound Recordings, 1950-2000; 14. Computer Files, 1987-2006.
Biographical/Historical note:
William C. Sturtevant (1926-2007), preeminent North American ethnologist, museum curator, and university professor, was best known for his contributions to Seminole ethnology, as curator of North American Ethnology in the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History, and for his work as the general editor of the Handbook of North American Indians.

Sturtevant's passion for studying Native peoples began at a young age. In third grade "after a class on American Indians, he asked his father what kind of people study Indians, and his father replied, 'Anthropologists.' Sturtevant decided then that he would make anthropology his career" (Merrill 11). After graduating with honors from the University of California at Berkeley in 1949, Sturtevant went on to Yale University to complete his graduate work in anthropology. When it came time to decide on what area of North America he should focus his research, one of his faculty members at Yale, Irving Rouse, "suggested he consider the Seminoles of south Florida. By the end of his first fieldwork season, Sturtevant was convinced that the dearth of ethnographic information about these Seminoles and their status as one of the least acculturated of all North American Indian societies justified ethnographic research among them and offered the possibility of making an important contribution to North American ethnology" (Merrill 13). Sturtevant spent the summers of 1950 and 1951 conducting preliminary fieldwork among the Mikasuki-speaking Seminole and in 1952 he took up temporary residence at Big Cypress Reservation to undertake research for his dissertation, "The Mikasuki Seminole: Medical Beliefs and Practices." This work focused on Seminole medicine, but also included Sturtevant's analysis of Seminole worldview, religion, history, inter-ethnic relations, material culture, economy, kinship, language, and social organization.

In 1954, while he was finishing his dissertation, Sturtevant made the transition from student of anthropology to professional anthropologist. He was hired as an instructor in Yale's Anthropology Department and began his career in museum work as an assistant curator of anthropology at the Yale Peabody Museum. After receiving his PhD from Yale in 1955, Sturtevant moved on to the Smithsonian Institution, where he accepted a position as a research anthropologist at the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE). This position afforded Sturtevant the chance to continue to explore his many research interests in ways that a full time professorship or museum curatorship could not. Over the next ten years he studied the Catawba in South Carolina; the Seneca and Cayuga nations of the Iroquois League in New York, Oklahoma, and Ontario; continued his work with the Seminole; visited European museums to examine early ethnographic examples and possible European prototypes of eastern North American Indian material culture; and spent a year in Burma. In 1963, Sturtevant and his wife, Theda Maw, the daughter of a prominent Burmese family, took their three young children to Burma so that they could visit with Maw's family. Sturtevant took this as an opportunity to branch out from his Native American research and spent the year visiting neighborhoods in Rangoon and villages in the surrounding countryside, examining archival materials, studying the Burmese language, learning about Burmese clothing and other aspects of the culture, and taking photographs. He also collected 386 items of clothing and other objects for the Smithsonian.

When Sturtevant returned from Burma, he found the BAE had been dissolved. In 1965, he was transferred from the now-defunct BAE to the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), where he became curator of North American Ethnology, a position he held for the next forty-two years. During his tenure at NMNH Sturtevant oversaw all the North American ethnology collections, planned exhibitions, served on committees, and sponsored interns and fellows. One of Sturtevant's primary duties at NMNH was serving as the General Editor of the Handbook of North American Indians, "a major multi-volume reference work summarizing anthropological, linguistic, and historical knowledge about native peoples north of Mexico" (Jackson). Each volume was designed to represent a geographic or topical area of Americanist study. As General Editor, Sturtevant selected volume editors, chapter authors, oversaw office staff, and proofread manuscripts over the course of production.

Besides focusing on the Handbook, much of Sturtevant's time was taken up by responsibilities he held outside the Institution. Sturtevant was extremely involved in professional anthropological associations and held many leadership positions. Fresh out of graduate school, he began a three-year term on the Board of Governors of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1957. He later became a member of the executive committee of the Florida Anthropological Society, served as book-review editor and associate editor of the American Anthropologist from 1962-1968, was a member of the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Anthropological Research in Museums and was both vice president and president of the committee once it became the Council for Museum Anthropology, was on the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Archives, served three terms on the Board of Trustees of the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation from 1976-1982 and was appointed to a fourth term between 1984 and 1986, and sat on the Board of Directors of Survival International from 1982-1988. He was President of the American Society for Ethnohistory, the American Ethnological Society, the American Anthropological Association, and the Anthropological Society of Washington. Sturtevant also taught classes at Johns Hopkins University as an adjunct professor in the Department of Anthropology, served as a consultant on exhibits at other museums, and reviewed manuscripts for scholarly publications.

Sturtevant remained active in the profession throughout his later years. After divorcing Theda Maw in 1986, he married Sally McLendon, a fellow anthropologist, in 1990 and they undertook several research projects together. Sturtevant was recognized for his dedication and contributions to the field of anthropology in 1996 when he was awarded an honorary doctorate in humane letters by Brown University, and in 2002 when his colleagues published a festschrift in his honor, Anthropology, History, and American Indians: Essays in Honor of William Curtis Sturtevant.

Sturtevant died on March 2, 2007 at the Collingswood Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in Rockville, MD after suffering from emphysema.

Sources Consulted

Estrada, Louie. 2007. William C. Sturtevant; Expert on Indians. Washington Post, March 17. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/03/16/AR2007031602273.html, accessed August 31, 2012.

Jackson, Jason Baird. 2007. William C. Sturtevant (1926-2007). http://museumanthropology.blogspot.com/2007/03/william-c-sturtevant-1926-2007.html, accessed August 31, 2012.

Merrill, William L. 2002. William Curtis Sturtevant, Anthropologist. In Anthropology, History, and American Indians: Essays in Honor of William Curtis Sturtevant. William L. Merrill and Ives Goddard, eds. Pp. 11-36. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

1926 -- Born July 26 in Morristown, NJ

1944 -- Entered the University of California at Berkeley as a second-semester freshman

1944 -- Attended summer school at the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico in Mexico City where he took courses on Mexican archaeology and South American ethnology

1945 -- Drafted into the United States Navy

1946 -- Received an honorable discharge from the Navy with the rank of pharmacist's mate third class and returned to UC Berkeley

1947 -- Attended the University of New Mexico's summer field school in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico

1949 -- January: Received his Bachelor's degree with honors in anthropology from UC Berkeley

1949 -- Began graduate studies at Yale University

1950-1951 -- Spent the summers of 1950 and 1951 in Florida conducting fieldwork among the Mikasuki-speaking Seminole

1951 -- Conducted his first research study of the Iroquois, a classification of Seneca musical instruments, their construction and use, with Harold Conklin

1952 -- May: Moved to Big Cypress Reservation in Florida to conduct research for his dissertation. He focused on Seminole medicine, but also collected physical anthropological data such as blood-type frequencies, handedness, and color blindness

1952 -- July 26: Married Theda Maw

1954 -- Hired by Yale University as an instructor in the Department of Anthropology and as an assistant curator of anthropology in the Yale Peabody Museum

1955 -- Received PhD in anthropology from Yale University

1956 -- Joined the staff of the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) as a research anthropologist

1957 -- Began a three-year term on the Board of Governors of the Anthropological Society of Washington

1957 -- Traveled to Rock Hill, South Carolina to collect linguistic data from Sam Blue, the last member of the Catawba tribe to have maintained some proficiency in the Catawba language. While there, he made a small collection of Catawba pottery for the United States National Museum

1957-1958 -- Spent seven weeks continuing his research among the New York Seneca

1959 -- Returned to Florida to study Seminole ethnobotany. He also collected ethnographic materials, especially objects made for the tourist market, which he deposited in the United States National Museum

1959-1960 -- Member of the executive committee of the Florida Anthropological Society

1960 -- July and August: Visited 17 European museums to examine early ethnographic examples and possible European prototypes of eastern North American Indian material culture

1961-1962 -- Spent the summers of these years conducting ethnographic fieldwork among the Seneca-Cayuga in Oklahoma

1962 -- October: Visited the Six Nations Reserve in Ontario, Canada to conduct fieldwork among the Seneca and Cayuga there

1962-1968 -- Book-review editor and associate editor of the American Anthropologist

1963 -- October: Spent the year in Burma; visited neighborhoods in Rangoon and villages in the surrounding countryside, examined photographs in several archives, studied the Burmese language, and read extensively about the country's history and culture. Assembled notes on Burmese clothing and other aspects of the culture, took hundreds of photographs, and made a collection of 386 items of clothing and other objects for the Smithsonian

1964 -- Visited Inle Lake in the Southern Shan States southeast of Mandalay, where he examined local approaches to artificial island agriculture

1964-1981 -- Became a member of the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Anthropological Research in Museums, which became the Council for Museum Anthropology in 1974. Sturtevant was the Council's first vice president, serving two terms between 1974 and 1978, and was its president from 1978 to 1981

1965 -- Became curator of North American Ethnology in the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History after the dissolution of the BAE

1965-1966 -- President of the American Society for Ethnohistory

1966 -- Named the editor of the Handbook of North American Indians

1967-1968 -- Fulbright scholar and lecturer at Oxford University's Institute of Social Anthropology

1969 -- Began serving on the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Archives

1974-1989 -- Adjunct Professor in the Department of Anthropology at Johns Hopkins University

1976-1982 -- Served three terms on the Board of Trustees of the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation and was appointed to a fourth term between 1984 and 1986

1977 -- President of the American Ethnological Society

1980-1981 -- President of the American Anthropological Association

1981 -- Spent part of the spring semester at the University of California Berkeley as a Regents Lecturer

1982-1988 -- Board of Directors of Survival International

1986 -- Divorced Theda Maw

1986-1987 -- Smithsonian Fellow at Oxford University's Worcester College

1990 -- Married Sally McLendon

1992 -- President of the Anthropological Society of Washington

1996 -- Awarded an honorary doctorate in humane letters at Brown University

2007 -- Died March 2 in Rockville, MD
Related Materials:
Other materials relating to William C. Sturtevant at the National Anthropological Archives are included in the following collections:

Manuscript 4504

Manuscript 4595

Manuscript 4806

Manuscript 4821

Manuscript 4972

Manuscript 7045

Photo Lot 59

Photo Lot 79-51

Photo Lot 80-3

Photo Lot 81R

Photo Lot 86-68 (6)

Photo Lot 86-68 (7)

American Society for Ethnohistory records

Committee on Anthropological Research in Museum Records

Handbook of North American Indians records

Records of the Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History

Gordon Davis Gibson Papers, Sound Recordings

SPC Se Powhatan Confederacy Mattapony BAE No # 01790700

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04913800

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04913900

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04914000

Negative MNH 1530

Negative MNH 1530 B

Sturtevant is listed as a correspondent in the following NAA collections:

Administrative file, 1949-1965, Records of the Bureau of American Ethnology

John Lawrence Angel Papers

James Henri Howard Papers

Donald Jayne Lehmer Papers

John Victor Murra Papers

Records of the Society for American Archaeology

Albert Clanton Spaulding Papers

Waldo Rudolph Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel Papers

Copies of sound recordings made by William C. Sturtevant can be found at The California Language Archive at UC Berkeley in two collections, The William Sturtevant collection of Creek/Seminole sound recordings, which includes 31 minutes of Northern Muskogean linguistic field recordings from 1951, and The William Sturtevant collection of Mikasuki sound recordings, which includes 33 minutes of Mikasuki linguistic field recordings from 1951. Two sound tape reels of Seminole music Sturtevant recorded in Florida in 1951 can be found at Wesleyan University's World Music Archives. Folk songs on these recordings include "Scalping Sickness," "Bear Sickness with blowing," "Bear sickness without blowing," "Lullaby," "Feather Dance," "Snake Dance," and "Crazy Dance." Performers include Josie Billie, Lee Cypress, Harvey Jumper, Boy Jim, Charlie (Johnny?) Cypress, Little Tiger Tail, Billy Ossiola, and Charlie Billy Boy.
Separated Materials:
One video tape, "Seminole History and Tradition", was transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives. Series 2.2, Tukabahchee Plate: Glass negative of spectrogram from FBI (Box 135), removed for storage with other glass plate negatives.
Provenance:
These papers were transferred to the National Anthropological Archives by the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History.
Restrictions:
Files containing Sturtevant's students' grades have been restricted, as have his students' and colleagues' grant and fellowships applications. Restricted files were separated and placed at the end of their respective series in boxes 87, 264, 322, 389-394, 435-436, 448, 468, and 483. For preservation reasons, his computer files are also restricted. Seminole sound recordings are restricted. Access to the William C. Sturtevant Papers requires an apointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Botany  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
History  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Realia
Research
Notes
Office files
Theses
Slides (photographs)
Sound recordings
Exhibition catalogs
Field notes
Clippings
Correspondence
Photographs
Microfilms
Newsletters
Manuscripts
Memorandums
Articles
Card files
Books
Artifacts
Negatives
Citation:
William C. Sturtevant papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2008-24
See more items in:
William C. Sturtevant papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b2223e72-e872-41c5-ae7b-abd0b27eaf6a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2008-24
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Harold O'Connor

Interviewee:
O'Connor, Harold, 1941-  Search this
Interviewer:
Zeiger, Dinah  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
Alberta College of Art + Design -- Faculty  Search this
Instituto Allende -- Student  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Penland School of Handicrafts -- Faculty  Search this
University of New Mexico -- Student  Search this
Western State College of Colorado -- Student  Search this
Brancusi, Constantin, 1876-1957  Search this
Calò, Aldo, 1910-1983  Search this
Chillida, Eduardo, 1924-2002  Search this
Jensen, Georg Arthur, 1866-1935  Search this
Noguchi, Isamu, 1904-1988  Search this
Reiling, Reinhold, 1922-  Search this
Ulrich, Klaus  Search this
Extent:
63 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2007 October 11-31
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Harold O'Connor conducted 2007 October 11 and 31, by Dinah Zeiger, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, at O'Conner's studio, Dunconor Workshops, in Salida, Colorado.
O'Connor speaks of his childhood in New York; his father, who was a doctor, and his mother, who was a craft artist; an early exposure to the craft field; attending Western State College in Gunnison, Colorado and studying psychology for one year before returning to Rochester, N.Y.; working in occupational therapy and making commercial apple-peeling machines; returning to WSU, becoming interested in anthropology and transferring to the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque; taking classes in metalwork during his senior year; being inspired by Georg Jensen; attending international schools to learn metalsmithing and goldsmithing, including the National Arts and Crafts School in Copenhagen, Denmark, the National Arts School in Helsinki, Finland, and Kunst und Werkschule in Pforzheim, Germany; the differences between apprenticeship programs and technical schools; working as the first resident metal craftsman at Penland School of Crafts in Penland, N.C.; moving with his wife to Crested Butte, Colorado and setting up a small studio in an alley; returning to UNM to complete his undergraduate degree before attending Instituto Allende in San Miguel Allende, Mexico and receiving his M.F.A.; teaching jewelry for four years at Alberta College of Art and Design at Calgary, Canada and designing workshops; returning to Crested Butte and running his own private school and two-week workshops; identifying as an international artist; his exhibition and show history; his relationship with galleries; self-publishing jewelry and metalsmithing technique books; working in series; finding inspiration through various means and the great diversity in his work over the past 30 years; the materials he has worked in over the years, including labradorite, silver, copper, titanium, and gold; his use of traditional hand tools; his studio space; working intuitively without drawings; the creative stimulation found in Taos, N.M.; his admiration of the work of Eduardo Chillida, Aldo Calò, Constantin Brancusi and Isamu Noguchi; traveling and teaching experiences in the Czech Republic, Austria, the Arctic, South Korea, and other locations; and plans for future travel. O'Connor recalls Klaus Ulrich, Reinhold Reiling, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Harold O'Connor (1941- ) is a goldsmith in Salida, Colorado. Dinah Zeiger (1947- ) is an art historian from Denver, Colorado.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 4 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hrs., 5 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Goldsmiths -- Colorado -- Interviews  Search this
Metal-workers -- Colorado -- Interviews  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Metal-work  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.oconno07
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw942e6bb7e-d6cc-4ccc-8e1f-5a3cbb9d7dc0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-oconno07
Online Media:

"The Columbus Quincentennial Newsletter" and the University of New Mexico's "centennial speaker's series"

Collection Creator:
Medicine, Beatrice  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1992
Collection Restrictions:
Materials relating to student grades, letters of recommendation, and evaluations have been restricted.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Beatrice Medicine papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Beatrice Medicine papers
Beatrice Medicine papers / Series 9: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3548eab4d-8450-4a8f-b144-848f17ee2839
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1997-05-ref105

John Lawrence Angel papers

Correspondent:
Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005  Search this
Blegan, Carl W.  Search this
Blumberg, Baruch  Search this
Boaz, Noel T.  Search this
Bonin, Gerhardt von  Search this
Borst, Lyle B.  Search this
Bostanci, Enver  Search this
Boulter, Cedric  Search this
Bouton, Katherine  Search this
Auel, Jean M.  Search this
Aufderheide, Arthur C.  Search this
Bird, Junius  Search this
Birdsell, Joseph B.  Search this
Bisel, Sara C.  Search this
Bishop, Philip W.  Search this
Blackburn, Tucker  Search this
Blakely, Robert L.  Search this
Brooks, Sheilagh T.  Search this
Broneer, Oscar  Search this
Brown, Thorton  Search this
Brothwell, Donald R.  Search this
Brozek, Josef  Search this
Brownstein, Elizabeth S.  Search this
Bruch, Hilde  Search this
Bruce-Chwatt, L.J.  Search this
Brace, C. Loring  Search this
Boyd, William C.  Search this
Brett-Smith, Sarah  Search this
Breitinger, Emil  Search this
Brieger, Heinrich  Search this
Brew, J. O. (John Otis), 1906-1988  Search this
Brodkin, Henry A.  Search this
Briggs, Lloyd Cabot  Search this
Cappieri, Mario  Search this
Carpenter, Rhys  Search this
Campbell, T.N.  Search this
Canby, Courtlandt  Search this
Caskey, John L.  Search this
Cavalli-Saforz, L.L.  Search this
Carter, George F.  Search this
Carter, L. Clyde  Search this
Buettner-Janusch, John, 1924-1992  Search this
Buikstra, Jane E.  Search this
Brues, Alice M.  Search this
Buck, Rodger L.  Search this
Caldwell, Margaret Catherine  Search this
Campbell, John M.  Search this
Burdo, Christopher  Search this
Burns, Peter E.  Search this
Chardin, P. Teilhard de  Search this
Chapman, Florence E.  Search this
Clark, George Arthur  Search this
Chiarelli, B.  Search this
Chattopadhyay, Prasanta Kumar  Search this
Chase, George H.  Search this
Cobb, W. Montague  Search this
Cobb, Stanley  Search this
Clement, Paul A.  Search this
Clark, Grahame  Search this
Coleman, John E.  Search this
Cockburn, Thomas Aidan, 1912-1981  Search this
Cockburn, Eve  Search this
Conant, James B.  Search this
Conant, Francis P.  Search this
Comas, Juan, 1900-1979  Search this
Colt, H. Dunscombe  Search this
Beardsley, Richard K. (Richard King), 1918-1978  Search this
Becker, Howard  Search this
Bear, John C.  Search this
Beardsley, Grace  Search this
Beilicki, Tadeusz  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Becker, Marshall Joseph  Search this
Becker, R. Frederick  Search this
Bennett, Linda A.  Search this
Benoist, Jean  Search this
Bennett, George A.  Search this
Bennett, Kenneth A.  Search this
Betsch, William F.  Search this
Charles, Robert P.  Search this
Benson, John L.  Search this
Berger, Susanne  Search this
Adelmann, Howard B.  Search this
Ackerknecht, Erwin H.  Search this
Allison, Marvin J.  Search this
Ahlborn, Richard E., 1933-2015  Search this
Anderson, James E.  Search this
Anderson, Harriet  Search this
Ayers, Hester Merwin, 1902-1975  Search this
Angel, Elizabeth  Search this
Bach, Julian S.  Search this
Baby, Raymond S.  Search this
Baker, Paul T.  Search this
Bakalakis, George  Search this
Barnicot, N.A.  Search this
Ballard, Mary W.  Search this
Bastian, Tyler  Search this
Bass, William Martston  Search this
Armstrong, P. Livingstone  Search this
Armelagos, George J.  Search this
Arensburg, Baruch  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Angel, Steven  Search this
Angel, Margaret  Search this
Angel, J. Lawrence (John Lawrence)  Search this
Angel, Henry  Search this
Aberle, Donald F.  Search this
Acheson, Roy  Search this
Eisenhart, Luther P.  Search this
Elderkin, Roland D.  Search this
El-Najjar, Mahmoud Y.  Search this
Eggan, Fred, 1906-1991  Search this
Eiben, O.G.  Search this
Ehrich, Robert W.  Search this
Dupree, Louis Benjamin  Search this
Dupertuis, C. Wesley  Search this
Edwards, Roger  Search this
Eberhart, Sylvia  Search this
Dow, Sterling  Search this
Domurad, Melodie R.  Search this
Duong, Chho L.  Search this
Dunn, L.C.  Search this
Ferembach, Denise  Search this
Ferguson, C.L.  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Fawcett, Don W.  Search this
Fedele, Francesco G.  Search this
Fejos, Paul, 1897-1963  Search this
Felts, William J.L.  Search this
Fairservis, Walter Ashlin, 1921-1994  Search this
Farfan, Harry F.  Search this
Farrell, Corinne  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Farris, Edmond J.  Search this
Ely, John  Search this
Endicott, Kenneth M.  Search this
Eyman, Charles E.  Search this
Danson, Edward B.  Search this
Danby, Patricia M.  Search this
Damon, Albert  Search this
Dahlgerg, Albert A.  Search this
Cutter, Margot  Search this
Cummins, Harold, 1893-1976  Search this
Crawford, Michael H.  Search this
Cowan, Richard S., 1921-1997  Search this
Courbain, Paul  Search this
Count, Earl W.  Search this
Corwin, Arthur H.  Search this
Corruccini, Robert S.  Search this
Cook, Della Collins  Search this
Constantoulis, Nestor C.  Search this
Constable, Giles  Search this
Dinsmoor, William B.  Search this
Dobzhansky, Theodosius  Search this
Dietz, Soren  Search this
Dikaios, Porphyrios  Search this
Desmond, Waldo Fairfield  Search this
Dibennardo, Robert  Search this
DePalma, Anthony F.  Search this
Derousseau, C. Jean  Search this
Deflakis, Evangelia Protonotariou  Search this
Demerec, M.  Search this
De Villiers, Hertha  Search this
De Vries, Keith  Search this
De Lumley, Henry  Search this
De Vasto, Michael A.  Search this
Daux, Georges  Search this
Davis, Jefferson D.  Search this
Coon, Carleton S. (Carleton Stevens), 1904-1981  Search this
Fox, Dorothy  Search this
Foster, Giraud V.  Search this
Forziati, Florence H.  Search this
Fiske, Barbara  Search this
Finkel, David J.  Search this
Fierro, Marcella F.  Search this
Forde, Cyril Daryll, 1902-  Search this
Flick, John B.  Search this
Flander, Louise  Search this
Field, Henry  Search this
Evans, Clifford, Jr.  Search this
Ford, James Alfred, 1911-1968  Search this
Creator:
United States. Department of the Interior  Search this
Ashley-Montagu, Montague Francis  Search this
Angel, J. Lawrence (John Lawrence)  Search this
Eiseley, Loren C., 1907-1977  Search this
Edynak, Gloria Jean  Search this
United States. Department of the Navy  Search this
United States. Dept. of State  Search this
United States. Department of Commerce  Search this
United States. War Department  Search this
United States. Department of the Army  Search this
Names:
American Academy of Forensic Sciences  Search this
American Anthropological Association  Search this
American Association for the Advancement of Science  Search this
American Association of Physical Anthropologists  Search this
Extent:
70 Linear feet (Approximately 70 linear feet of textual materials and over 30,000 photographic items.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1930s-1980s
Summary:
The papers of John Lawrence Angel present a complete portrait of the professional life of one of the most important and influential physical anthropologists in the United States. Angel was best known for his work with cultures in the eastern Mediterranean and for his work in forensic anthropology; but his contributions were widespread. His influence was felt in studies of human microevolution, the relationship between environment and disease, human evolution, and paleopathology. His research was said to be ten years ahead of its time.

The papers include correspondence with many of the leading anthropologists of the time; honors and awards bestowed on Angel; materials on Angel's educational career, both as an undergraduate and as a teacher; extensive photographs; a virtually complete collection of his writings; materials concerning his research and his work in forensic anthropology; and his activities in professional organizations. The bulk of the papers reflect Angel's life-long interest in examining the relationship between culture and biology in human groups through time. There are a few records on Angel's administrative involvement in the Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History.
Scope and Contents:
Angel began his undergraduate studies at Harvard University in the classics, following in the footsteps of his American mother (who trained as a classicist and was the daughter of a Yale University professor of Greek) and his British father, who was a sculptor. While still an undergraduate, Angel came under the influence of Clyde Kluckhohn, Carleton S. Coon, and Earnest A. Hooton, and his interest turned to anthropology. The combination of anatomy and classicist training developed into a life-long interest and work in the social biology of the peoples of Greece and the Near East.

In addition to his work in Greece and the Near East, the papers include Angel's studies of American populations of colonial peoples and slaves; his forensic anthropology analyses of skeletal remains for law enforcement groups and the United States military; his studies of obesity and other diseases and the possible genetic link behind them; Angel's analysis of the skeletal remains of James Smithson; his involvement in early reburial issues concerning American Indians, particularly the return of the remains of Captain Jack and other Modocs; and Angel's concern and involvement in civil liberty matters and in community affairs.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
(1) Miscellaneous personal papers, 1933-1986; (2) correspondence, 1936-1986; (3) research in the eastern Mediterranean, 1936-1986; (4) anthropology of chronic disease, 1943-1965; (5) Harvard University-Johns Hopkins University Hospital anthropology study, 1959-1964; (6) five generation study, 1962-1985; (7) skull thickness project, 1968-1976; (8) biological and cultureal microdifferential among rural populations of Yugoslavia, 1981-1986; (9) First African Baptist Church, Philadelphia, 1983-1987; (10) other research projects (bone density change, Catoctin Furnace site, Virginia colonial sites), 1945-1986; (11) education, 1940-1986; (12) legal matters, 1962-1986; (13) reference materials, 1930-1986; (14) writing of J. Lawrence Angel, 1932-1988; (15) Smithsonian Department of Anthropology, Division of Physical Anthropology, 1961-1968; (16) professional organizations and meetings, 1942-1987; (17) writings by other authors, 1950-1985; (18) grants, 1951-1962; (19) miscellany, 1937-1985; (20) photographs, 1936-1986
Biographical Note:
J. Lawrence Angel was educated in the classics in his native England and at The Choate School in Connecticut. He studied anthropology at Harvard University (A.B., 1936; Ph.D., 1942). He was an instructor at the University of California at Berkeley in 1941-1942 and at the University of Minnesota in 1942-1943. In 1943-1962, he was on the staff of the Daniel Baugh Institute of Anatomy at the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, starting as an assistant and rsising to a professor. In 1962, he became the curator for physical anthropology in the Smithsonian Institution's Department of Anthropology and continued in that position until he died. Angel was also a research associate with the University Museum of the University of of Pennsylvania, 1946-1962; civil consultant in surgical anatomy of the United States Naval Hospital in Philadelphia, 1957-1962; visiting professor of anatomy, Howard University, 1962-1986; and professorial lecturer at the George Washington University, 1962-1986. He was also a lecturer in forensic pathology at the department of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, and visiting professor at the University of California at Berkeley in 1962.

Angel summarized his research interests as (1) human social biology, involving the "interrrelations of health, disease, body build, longevity, genetic mixture and variability with each other, with climate and ecology, and with level of culture, nutrition and achievement as seen in history, in evolution, or clinically"; (2) palaeodemography as related to the rise and decline of disease (falciparum malaria)"; and (3) "relation of structure to function and to genetic determinants as seen in form of joints and in density, mineral historology and muscularity of bones, or in process of 'arthritic' change in relation to aging."

The single most enduring interest in Angel's career was the pre- and proto-history of the population of Greece and nearby areas of the eastern Mediterranean. Beginning in 1937, Angel made repeated trips to the region, only highlights of which are provided here. In 1938, he studied skeletal material from Troy which W.T. Semple, of the University of Cincinnati had deposited in the Archaeological Museum at Istanbul. In 1938, he studied skeletal material mostly excavated in the area of Corinth. He worked at the Cyprus Museum in 1949, studying skulls from Vasa and skeletal material from Bamboula. During that year, he also studied living people at a Cypriote village. In 1952, he worked with Carleton S. Coon on skeletal material from Hotu Cave. In 1954, he studied materials from the Agora excavations and from Eleusis. During the same year, he also visited the British Museum and many sites in Greece studying Myceanean skeletons excavated by George E. Mylonas, John Papadimitrious, and A.J.B. Wace. In 1954, he again studied skeletal material excavated at Bamboula and, in 1957, skeletons from Eleusis. In 1965, he studied human bones from twenty-two sites in Greece and Turkey that dated from the paleolithic to moderntimes, including material from a Bryan Mawr College excavation at Elmali, an excavation at Karatas-Semeyuk in Lycia, and collections in the Archaeological Museum of Ankara and in the museum at Verroia in Macedonia. In 1969, he worked on material from Kephala, and in 1972, skeletons from Asine in Greece. In 1984, he studied upper paleolithic skeletons from Wadi Kubbaniya.

Angel also carried out work on American populations--prehistoric, historic, and contemporary. In 1944, he worked on skeletal remains from excavations at Tranquillity, California, that were deposited in the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania and in the Museum of Anthropology at the University of California at Berkeley. In the same year, he was one of several researchers involved in an endocrinological, anthropological, and psychological study ofobesity initiatec by the Jefferson School of Medicine.

The first hase of the study lasted until 1948 and was followed by restudy of the subjects in 1954-1957. Around 1959-1961, with Carl Seltzer, he was involved in a study of the relation between constitution and health of students at Harvard University and Johns Hopkins Unviersity, Angel primarily taking care of the work in Baltimore at Johns Hopkins. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, he studied skeletal material from Matin's Hundred and other sites of colonia Virginia which resulted, in part, in comparisons with the modern American population. In the 1980s, with Jennifer O. Kelly, he worked on skeletons of African American slaves from Catoctin Furnace, Maryland, and on remains of free African American from the First African Baptist Church in Philadelphia.

Angle was highly regarded for his keen seight and other senses which he used with great effect in examining human remains. Consequently, he was frequently sought as a consultant and regularly carried out forensic work for the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation and other law enforcement authorities. In addition, military authorities, archeologists involved in both the study of history and prehistory, and museum people sent him specimens for examination. At the Smithsonian, he not only used and improved the excellent skeletal collection, he had the opportunity to exmaine the bones of Smithsonian benefactor James Smithson and was involved ine arly studies connected with the return of American Indian skeltal materials to appropriate receipents.

Active with several professional organizations, Angel was president of the Philadelphia Anthropological Society in 1956-1958 and associate editor of the American Anthropologist. In 1952-1956, he was the secretary-treasurer of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and, in 1959-1960, vice president of that organization. In 1952-1956, he was an association editor of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology. He was president of the American Board of Forensic Anthropology in 1980-1985. For his active professional life, he received the Pomerance Medal of the Archaeological Institute of American in 1983 and the distinguished service medal of the American Anthropological Association in 1986.

1915 -- Born March 21 in London, England to John Angel and Elizabeth Day Seymour.

1928 -- Emigrated to the United States from England.

1934 -- Summer field school, University of New Mexico.

1935 -- Summer field work, Museum of Northern Arizona.

1936 -- A.B., Anthropology, Harvard College; summer field work at the Sante Fe Laboratory of Anthropology (Macon, Georgia expedition).

1937 -- Became a naturalized American citizen, 15 June; married Margaret (Peggy) Seymour Richardson, 1 July.

1937-1939 -- Field work in Greece: worked in Greece from early November 1937 until the end of January 1939 when illness forced his return in April; in the winter of 1937-1938, Angel worked in the American excavations in the Agora at Athens, in the American excavations at Old Corinth, and in the Greek National Museum in Athens; in the spring of 1938, Angel worked in the Greek Anthropological Museum in the Athens University Medical School in Goudi, and at the Agora excavations; from May to June, Angel measured villagers and excavated over 100 burials from the Riverside cemetery under David M. Robinson at the American excavations at Olynthus, Macedonia; Angel then worked in Athens and Corinth for a short time; from July to August Angel worked on skeletons from Troy (which W.T. Semple of the University of Cincinnati had deposited) and Babokoy, Anatolia, as well as on skulls from Nippur and Sidon in the Archeological Museum at Istanbul, Turkey; from mid-August to early September Angel studied skeletal material from southwestern Cephallenia in the museum at Argostoli; Angel then measured skulls in the museum at Thebes and at Schematari (Tanagra) in Boeotia; from October to November Angel studied skulls from Corinth; Angel then returned to Athens to study skeletons from the German excavations at the Kerameikos and the material in the Athens Anthropological Museum and National Museum; in 1939 Angel measured people at the Agora excavations north of the Acropolis and studied skulls excavated by T.L. Shear in Athens and Corinth. During these years, Angel made one day trips to many places, including Nauplia, Tolon, Mycenae, Nemea, Aigosthina, Parnos, Aigina, Marathon, Therikos, and Sounion; support was from traveling fellowships from the departments of Anthropology and Classics of Harvard University, half of a Sheldon fellowship, the Albert and Anna Howard fellowship (Harvard), the Guggenheim Foundation, the Viking Fund, the American School of Classical Studies in Athens, the Jefferson Medical College, and the American Philosophical Society.

1939-1941 -- Assistant in Anthropology, Harvard University.

1940 -- Elected to membership in the American Association of Physical Anthropologists.

1941-1942 -- Instructor in Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley.

1942 -- Doctor of Philosophy Degree, Anthropology, Harvard University.

1942-1943 -- Instructor in Anthropology, University of Minnesota.

1943-1950 -- Associate, Daniel Baugh Institute of Anatomy of the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia.

1944 -- Studied skeletal remains from excavations at Tranquillity, California, at the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania and in the [Hearst] Museum of Anthropology at the University of California at Berkeley.

1944-1948 -- Research for the anthropological study of chronic disease at the Jefferson Medical College.

1946-1948 -- President, Philadelphia Anthropological Society; Associate Editor, American Anthropologist.

1946-1962 -- Research Associate, University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania-Philadelphia.

1947 -- Organized the Viking Fund summer seminar on growth and evolution.

1949 -- Field work in the Near East: In the spring, studied skulls from Kampi near Vasa in Central Cyprus at the Department of Antiquities museum in Nicosia on a visit to Cyprus and Greece; studied skeletons and living Cypriote villagers at the University of Pennsylvania's Museum headquarters in Episkopi, and skeletal material from Bamboula at the Cyprus Museum; support was from Harvard University, the Guggenheim Foundation (Guggenheim Fellowship), Wenner-Gren Foundation, Viking Fund, American School of Classical Studies, and Jefferson Medical School.

1949-1950 -- President, Philadelphia Society of the Archeological Institute of America.

1950-1951 -- Assistant Professor, Daniel Baugh Institute of Anatomy of the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia. 1950-1952

1950-1952 -- Executive Committee member, American Association of Physical Anthropologists.

1951 -- Troy: The Human Remains. Supplemental monograph to Troy excavations conducted by the University of Cincinnati 1932-1938.

1951-1954 -- Associate editor, American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

1951-1962 -- Associate Professor, Daniel Baugh Institute of Anatomy of the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia.

1952 -- Worked with Carleton Coon on skeletal material from Hotu Cave, Iran.

1952-1956 -- Secretary-treasurer, American Association of Physical Anthropologists.

1953-1966 -- Trustee for the Council for Old World Archaeology.

1954 -- Field work in the Near East: visited the British Museum (Natural History); studied skeletal material from Eleusis (Greece), at the Anthropological Museum of the Medical School of the University of Athens, and at the Agora Excavations Headquarters; studied Myceanean skeletons (excavated by George E. Mylonas, John Papadimitriou, and A.J.B. Wace), Corinthian skeletons, Bronze Age Lernaean skeletons, and Bronze Age Pylian skeletons; again studied skeletal material excavated at Bamboula; supported by grants from the Harvard graduate school, the American Philosophical Society [Grant No. 1714], and the National Institutes of Health Grant No. A-224, the Jefferson Medical College, the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania, the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, and the Agora excavations; helped by Anastasios Pantazopoulous and Nikos Thiraios.

1954-1957 -- Restudy of subjects for the anthropological study of chronic disease originally performed at the Jefferson Medical College from 1944-1948.

1954-1970 -- Associate editor, Clinical Orthopaedics.

1956-1958 -- Council member of the American Society of Human Genetics.

1957 -- Field work in the Near East: visited the Laboratory of Anthropology in the Department of Anatomy at Oxford University; again studied skeletons from Eleusis in Greece; studied skeletons from Lerna, from the French excavations at Argos, from Pylos, from Corinthian sites near the Diolkos at the Isthmus and at Klenia, and from the Athenian Agora; supported by Grant No. 2150 from the American Philosophical Society and the National Institutes of Health; sponsored by Jefferson Medical College and the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania; helped by Argyris Marinis and Panayotis Yannoulatos.

1957-1962 -- Civilian consultant in surgical anatomy to the United States Naval Hospital, Philadelphia.

1959-1960 -- Vice-President, American Association of Physical Anthropologists.

1960-1962 -- Member of the advisory panel on Anthropology and the History and Philosophy of Science for the National Science Foundation; consultant for the Harvard University-Johns Hopkins Hospital project on constitution and disease.

1960-1963 -- Associate editor, American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

1962 -- Professor, Daniel Baugh Institute of Anatomy of the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia; Chairman of Schools Committee of West Mt. Airy Neighbors; organized the thirty-first annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists.

1962-1986 -- Curator, Division of Physical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum (later the National Museum of Natural History), Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

1962-1965 -- Advisory panel for evaluating NSF Graduate Fellowships, National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council.

1962-1986 -- Professorial Lecturer in Anthropology at George Washington University, Washington, D.C.

1963-1986 -- Lecturer in forensic pathology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health.

1965 -- Field work in the Near East: studied human bones from 22 sites in Greece and Turkey, including Petralona in eastern Macedonia (Palaeanthropic skull), the Peneios River open sites (Theocharis and Miloicic), Tsouka cave on Mt. Pelion in Thessaly, Nea Nikomedeia near the Haliakmon River in Macedonia, Kephala on the coast of the Aegean island of Kea (Caskey), Hagios Stephanos in Laconia (Taylour), Kocumbeli near Ankara (Turkey), the Bryn Mawr College excavation at Elmali (working with Machteld Mellink), Karatas-Semeyuk in Lycia, Catal Huyuk (in the Korya Plain in Turkey) in the Archaeological Museum of Ankara, Argos, Agora Excavation, Attica, Mycanae, Corinth, Sparta, Alepotrypa (Foxes' Hole) in Mani, and in the museum at Verroia in Macedonia; supported through the SI Hrdlička Fund, the American Philosophical Society, and the Wenner-Gren Foundation.

1965-1970 -- Visiting Professor of Anatomy, Howard University Medical School, Washington, D.C.

1966 -- Summer Visiting Professor, University of California, Berkeley; Early skeletons from Tranquillity, California.

1967 -- Field work in the Near East: Turkey, studied skeletal remains from Catal Huyuk at the University of Ankara, and skeletons from Antalya, Elmali, and Karatas; Greece, studied skeletal remains from Franchthi cave, Athens, Kea, Nauplion, Corinth, and Asine; supported by the Hrdlička Fund. Organized a symposium on paleodemography, diseases and human evolution at the 66th meeting of the American Anthropological Association in Washington, D.C.

1969 -- Field work in the Near East: studied material from Kephala, Karatas, and Franchthi cave; supported by the Hrdlička Fund and the Wenner-Gren Foundation.

1970 -- Visiting Professor, Harvard University (Spring). Organized the 39th meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists held in Washington, D.C.

1971 -- The People of Lerna: Analysis of a Prehistoric Aegean Population.

1972 -- Field work in the Near East: studied skeletons from Asine and Agora in Greece; supported by the Hrdlička Fund. 1974

1974 -- Organized a symposium in honor of Albert Damon, a medical anthropologist, at the 43rd meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists held in Amherst, Massachusetts.

1974-1975 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington.

1975 -- Field work in the Near East: studied skeletons at Asine and Agora in Greece and at Elmali, helped by David C. Fredenburg, and supported by the Hrdlička Fund; joined the American Academy of Forensic Sciences as a Provisional Member; published Human skeletons from Eleusis, in The south cemetery of Eleusis; worked on the organizing committees for meetings in Washington, D.C. for the Archaeological Institute of America.

1976 -- Studied skeletons at Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia, with the help of David Fredenburg (3 trips); organized a symposium in honor of T. Dale Stewart at the 45th meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists held in St. Louis, Missouri.

1977 -- Field work in the Near East: worked in Thessaloniki, Istanbul, Ankara, Elmali, and Athens; field visit to Colonial Williamsburg.

1978 -- Field work in the Near East: studied skeletons from Byzantium and Turkey; skeletons were in Ankara and from Kalinkaya in the Hittite Territory of Central Anatolia; Byzantium specimens came from Kalenderhane Camii in Istanbul; field visit to Colonial Williamsburg.

1979 -- Published symposium in Angel's honor by the American Association of Physical Anthropologists; three days of field work at the British Museum (Natural History) during which he studied Egyptian and Greek skulls.

1979 -- Studied skeletons of African American slaves from Catoctin Furnace, Maryland.

1980 -- Field visit to Colonial Williamsburg.

1980-1985 -- President, American Board of Forensic Anthropology. 1982

1982 -- Field visit to Colonial Williamsburg.

1983 -- Awarded the Pomerance Medal for Scientific Contributions to Archaelogy by the Archaeological Institute of America.

1984 -- Studied upper paleolithic skeletons from Wade Kubbaniya; award from the Physical Anthropology Section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

1986 -- Died November 3; award from the Physical Anthropology Section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences; was chosen to receive the Distinguished Service Award of the American Anthropological Association at their annual meeting in December.

1987 -- Memorial session in Angel's honor held at the annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association.
Related Materials:
Additional materials in the National Anthropological Archives relating to Angel are in the papers of Marcus Solomon Goldstein, Raoul Weston LaBarre, and Waldo Rudolph and Mildred Mott Wedel; the records of the American Anthropological Association, the Central States Anthropological Society, the River Basin Surveys, and the Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History; Photographic Lots 7D (photograph taken at the meeting of the American Anthropological Association at Denver in 1965) and 77-45 (group portrait of Smithsonian physical anthropologists); and MS 4822 (photographs of anthropologists in the Division of Physical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History). There are also materials on Angel in the non-archival reference file maintained by the NAA. The names used for ethnic groups were selected to maintain consistency among the archival holdings and are used without regard to modern preferences.
Provenance:
Angel contracted hepatitis following coronary by-pass surgery in 1982 and died of the effects four years later. His papers were obtained by the National Anthropological Archives shortly thereafter. Some papers were obtained as the result of a bequest by Angel's wife, Margaret. The papers date from 1930 to 1987.
Restrictions:
The John Lawrence Angel papers are open for research. Access to some materials is restricted to maintain privacy or confidentiality.

Access to the John Lawrence Angel papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Biological anthropology  Search this
Citation:
John Lawrence Angel papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.XXXX.0033
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34a20e740-6dd9-4558-885b-4199b64008dc
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-xxxx-0033

The Buffaloes, from the Animal Dance, Cheyenne

Culture/People:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Paul J. Goodbear (Chief Flying Eagle), Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), 1913-1954  Search this
Seller:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Previous owner:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Marion Hollenbach Saunders (Marion Grace Hollenbach/Mrs. Allan Saunders), Non-Indian, 1908-1998  Search this
Title:
The Buffaloes, from the Animal Dance, Cheyenne
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paper, gouache/opaque watercolors
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
30.5 x 45.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Albuquerque; Bernalillo County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1938
Catalog Number:
27/150
Barcode:
270150.000
See related items:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6be20e9df-84d4-4d31-a9be-1ff9159fae97
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_415557

The Clowns Shooting the Buffaloes, from the Animal Dance, Cheyenne

Culture/People:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Paul J. Goodbear (Chief Flying Eagle), Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), 1913-1954  Search this
Seller:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Previous owner:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Marion Hollenbach Saunders (Marion Grace Hollenbach/Mrs. Allan Saunders), Non-Indian, 1908-1998  Search this
Title:
The Clowns Shooting the Buffaloes, from the Animal Dance, Cheyenne
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paper, gouache/opaque watercolors
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
30.5 x 45.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Albuquerque; Bernalillo County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1937
Catalog Number:
27/151
Barcode:
270151.000
See related items:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws635ddc62a-8b40-4fea-9313-6edfcbdbaa69
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_415558

The Bride and the Groom, Marriage Ceremony, Cheyenne

Culture/People:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Paul J. Goodbear (Chief Flying Eagle), Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), 1913-1954  Search this
Seller:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Previous owner:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Marion Hollenbach Saunders (Marion Grace Hollenbach/Mrs. Allan Saunders), Non-Indian, 1908-1998  Search this
Title:
The Bride and the Groom, Marriage Ceremony, Cheyenne
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paper, gouache/opaque watercolors
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
30.5 x 45.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Albuquerque; Bernalillo County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1937
Catalog Number:
27/152
Barcode:
270152.000
See related items:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws64a43b4cc-9046-44a1-ba81-f0a83c771489
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_415559

The Coyote and Fox, from the Animal Dance, Cheyenne

Culture/People:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Paul J. Goodbear (Chief Flying Eagle), Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), 1913-1954  Search this
Seller:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Previous owner:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Marion Hollenbach Saunders (Marion Grace Hollenbach/Mrs. Allan Saunders), Non-Indian, 1908-1998  Search this
Title:
The Coyote and Fox, from the Animal Dance, Cheyenne
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paper, gouache/opaque watercolors
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
30.5 x 45.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Albuquerque; Bernalillo County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1938
Catalog Number:
27/153
Barcode:
270153.000
See related items:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws609341df1-9e0c-4046-9eb4-05c76145c009
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_415561

The Dance to the Rising Sun, from the Sun Dance, Cheyenne

Culture/People:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Paul J. Goodbear (Chief Flying Eagle), Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), 1913-1954  Search this
Seller:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Previous owner:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Marion Hollenbach Saunders (Marion Grace Hollenbach/Mrs. Allan Saunders), Non-Indian, 1908-1998  Search this
Title:
The Dance to the Rising Sun, from the Sun Dance, Cheyenne
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paper, gouache/opaque watercolors
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
30.5 x 45.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Albuquerque; Bernalillo County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1937
Catalog Number:
27/154
Barcode:
270154.000
See related items:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f58e6d4e-f40f-46dd-9dd4-29c9fbc79f5b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_415562

The Torture Ceremony, from the Sun Dance, Cheyenne

Culture/People:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Paul J. Goodbear (Chief Flying Eagle), Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), 1913-1954  Search this
Seller:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Previous owner:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Marion Hollenbach Saunders (Marion Grace Hollenbach/Mrs. Allan Saunders), Non-Indian, 1908-1998  Search this
Title:
The Torture Ceremony, from the Sun Dance, Cheyenne
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paper, gouache/opaque watercolors
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
30.5 x 45.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Albuquerque; Bernalillo County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1937
Catalog Number:
27/156
Barcode:
270156.000
See related items:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a0ac8b45-33cb-454b-9ba3-88949b36d5cb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_415563

The Lone Indian and the Chanters, from the Animal Dance, Cheyenne

Culture/People:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Paul J. Goodbear (Chief Flying Eagle), Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), 1913-1954  Search this
Seller:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Previous owner:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Marion Hollenbach Saunders (Marion Grace Hollenbach/Mrs. Allan Saunders), Non-Indian, 1908-1998  Search this
Title:
The Lone Indian and the Chanters, from the Animal Dance, Cheyenne
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paper, gouache/opaque watercolors
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
30.5 x 45.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Albuquerque; Bernalillo County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1937
Catalog Number:
27/155
Barcode:
270155.000
See related items:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a4065b3e-7827-4d4c-8288-8209ce89e375
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_415564

The Arrow Ceremony, Cheyenne

Culture/People:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Paul J. Goodbear (Chief Flying Eagle), Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), 1913-1954  Search this
Seller:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Previous owner:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Marion Hollenbach Saunders (Marion Grace Hollenbach/Mrs. Allan Saunders), Non-Indian, 1908-1998  Search this
Title:
The Arrow Ceremony, Cheyenne
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paper, gouache/opaque watercolors
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
30.5 x 45.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Albuquerque; Bernalillo County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1938
Catalog Number:
27/157
Barcode:
270157.000
See related items:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6722cf271-0907-4d1f-b2a1-702361696f61
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_415565

Bowl

Culture/People:
Kewa (Santo Domingo Pueblo)  Search this
Collector:
William M. Stahl, Non-Indian, 1900-1973  Search this
Previous owner:
William M. Stahl, Non-Indian, 1900-1973  Search this
Elizabeth Ellsworth Cook, Non-Indian, 1884-1981  Search this
Donor:
Elizabeth Ellsworth Cook, Non-Indian, 1884-1981  Search this
Object Name:
Bowl
Media/Materials:
Pottery
Techniques:
Painted
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Kewa Pueblo (Santo Domingo Pueblo), Santo Domingo Reservation; Sandoval County; New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
24/1851
Barcode:
241851.000
See related items:
Kewa (Santo Domingo Pueblo)
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws61a16b7c0-2c0e-4c8a-b368-0139245949b4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_257579
Online Media:

Drummer and Singers

Culture/People:
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Pablita Velarde (Tse Tsan), K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), 1918-2006  Search this
Collector:
Armand G. Winfield, Non-Indian, 1919-2009  Search this
Previous owner:
Armand G. Winfield, Non-Indian, 1919-2009  Search this
Barbara L. Winfield (Barbara LaBarge Winfield/Mrs. Armand G. Winfield), Non-Indian, 1935-1992  Search this
Seller:
Armand G. Winfield, Non-Indian, 1919-2009  Search this
Barbara L. Winfield (Barbara LaBarge Winfield/Mrs. Armand G. Winfield), Non-Indian, 1935-1992  Search this
Title:
Drummer and Singers
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paperboard, gouache/opaque watercolors
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
17.7 x 22.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Albuquerque; Bernalillo County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
circa 1940
Catalog Number:
25/247
Barcode:
250247.000
See related items:
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws69fef8fc5-a5bd-45ea-980a-3658c2a1caab
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_266007
Online Media:

Eagle Dancers

Culture/People:
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Pablita Velarde (Tse Tsan), K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), 1918-2006  Search this
Collector:
Armand G. Winfield, Non-Indian, 1919-2009  Search this
Previous owner:
Armand G. Winfield, Non-Indian, 1919-2009  Search this
Barbara L. Winfield (Barbara LaBarge Winfield/Mrs. Armand G. Winfield), Non-Indian, 1935-1992  Search this
Seller:
Armand G. Winfield, Non-Indian, 1919-2009  Search this
Barbara L. Winfield (Barbara LaBarge Winfield/Mrs. Armand G. Winfield), Non-Indian, 1935-1992  Search this
Title:
Eagle Dancers
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paper, gouache/opaque watercolors
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
33.6 x 30.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Albuquerque; Bernalillo County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1940
Catalog Number:
25/248
Barcode:
250248.000
See related items:
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c0707e28-4b9a-4c6f-9ebc-3a45e96d121c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_266008
Online Media:

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