The Cleve Gray papers, 1933-2005, measure 9.2 linear feet. Papers include biographical material, alphabetical files, writings, artwork, audio/visual records, artifacts, printed material, and photographs. Extensive alphabetical files contain personal and professional correspondence as well as subject files relating to projects and interests. Especially well-documented are: Gray's involvement with the Vietnam protest movement; and Threnody, his best-known work composed of fourteen large panels lamenting the dead of both sides sides in Vietnam, commissioned by the Neuberger Museum of Art.
Scope and Content Note:
The Cleve Gray papers, 1933-2005, measure 9.2 linear feet. Papers include biographical material, alphabetical files, writings, artwork, audio/visual records, artifacts, printed material, and photographs. Extensive alphabetical files contain personal and professional correspondence as well as subject files relating to projects and interests. Especially well-documented are: Gray's involvement with the Vietnam movement; and Threnody, his best-known work composed of fourteen large panels lamenting the dead of both sides sides in Vietnam, commissioned by the Neuberger Museum of Art.
Among the biographical material are award and membership certificates, biographical notes, and personal documentation.
The alphabetical files contain Cleve Gray's personal and professional correspondence, as well as subject files relating to projects and interests. Correspondence is with friends and family, colleagues, publishers, museum curators and directors, art dealers, collectors, and fans. Among the correspondents of note are: Jacques Barzun, James E. Davis, Naum Gabo, Louise N. Grace, Hans and Fridel Richter, and Jacques and Gaby Villon. Other substantial correspondence includes: Berry-Hill Galleries, Betty Parsons Gallery, Connecticut Commission on the Arts, Jacques Seligmann and Co., Neuberger Museum of Art, Pratt Institute, Princeton University, and Rhode Island School of Design. Subject files mostly consist of correspondence, but include printed material and some photographs. Among the subject files are: Art Collection of Cleve and Francine Gray, Artist-Dealer Consignments and Visual Artists' Rights Act of 1989, Artists' Tax Equity Act of 1979, Promised Gifts to Museums, Threnody, Vestments, and Vietnam Protest. Of particular interest are files relating to the Estate of Hans Richter (Cleve Gray, executor), and Gray's research correspondence and illustrations for his Cosmopolitan article "Women-Leaders of Modern Art."
Writings are manuscripts and drafts, research materials, notes, and miscellaneous writings by Cleve Gray and other authors. Those by Gray include articles and catalog introductions on a wide range of art-related topics, as well as book and exhibition reviews. Also found are a book proposal, texts and notes for lectures and talks, miscellaneous notes, poems, political statements, and student papers. Of particular interest are autobiographical notes in the form of a chronology that his biographer, Nicholas Fox Weber, cited as an "autochronology."
Among the writings by other authors are pieces about Cleve Gray including Nicholas Fox Weber's manuscript Cleve Gray. A significant amount of material relates to three books edited by Gray: David Smith by David Smith: Sculpture and Writings, Hans Richter, and John Marin. Research material survives for an unpublished volume, Naum Gabo. Also included are notes relating to his translation of A l'Infinitif by Marcel Duchamp. Jane Daggett Dillenberger is represented by a lecture, "The Resurrection in Art." The remaining items by other authors are unsigned; of particular interest is a small notebook of reminiscences and notes about Jackson Pollock.
Artwork by Cleve Gray consists mostly drawings and sketches, and a small number of paintings, prints, and watercolors. Works by other artists consist are an unsigned mobile of paper cut-outs, possibly by Alexander Calder, and a pencil drawing signed Dick (probably Richard Avedon).
Audio recordings are a radio broadcast featuring Cleve Gray, several lectures by Gray on John Marin, and a lecture titled "Meaning in the Visual Arts." Other recordings are of Hans Richter and an interview with Jimmy Ernst conducted by Francine du Plessix Gray. Also found is a videocassette of "Glenville School Students at SUNY (Lincoln Center Activity)."
Artifacts are a Chinese scroll representative of those that hung in Cleve Gray's studio, two of his paintbrushes, Aberdeen-Angus Breeders' Association blue ribbon, and Neuberger Museum of Art Lifetime Achievement Award.
The vast majority of printed material - articles, clippings, exhibition catalogs and announcements, reproductions of art work, etc. - are about or by Cleve Gray. Miscellaneous items and publications mentioning Gray consist of annual reports, brochures, calendars, newsletters, programs, etc. Clippings about Vietnam and Vietnam protest memorabilia reflect his passionate involvement in the anti-war movement; a small number of these items mention Gray or were written by him.
Photographs are of artwork, events, people, places, and miscellaneous subjects. Most of the art work appearing in the photographs is by Cleve Gray and includes images of destroyed paintings. Also found is an original print of Photo Abstraction by Gray, circa 1934. Of particular note are photographs of Threnody, among them preparatory drawings and views of the work in progress. Photographs of artwork by other artists include Louise N. Grace, Jacques Lipchitz, John Marin, Hans Richter, and Jacques Villon.
Photographs of people are mainly portraits of Gray, and views of him with his wife and sons. Other individuals appearing in photographs are Hans Richter and some of Richter's descendants. Pictures of places consist of Gray's studio.
Events are an unidentified exhibition opening. Miscellaneous subjects are mostly exhibition installations. Illustrations consist of photographs published in David Smith by David Smith: Sculpture and Writings. Also found are small number of negatives and color transparencies.
The collection is organized into 8 series:
Series 1: Biographical Material, 1943-circa 2001 (Box 1; 0.1 linear ft.)
Series 2: Alphabetical Files, 1936-2005 (Boxes 1-5, 9; 4.3 linear ft.)
Series 3: Writings, 1935-2000 (Boxes 5-6; 0.85 linear ft.)
Series 4: Artwork, circa 1933-1987 (Boxes 6, 9, OV 12; 0.45 linear ft.)
Series 5: Audio/Visual Records, 1971-1989 (Box 6; 0.25 linear ft.)
Series 6: Artifacts, 1957-1999 (Box 6, RD 11; 0.45 linear ft.)
Series 7: Printed Material, 1933-2005 (Boxes 7-8; 1.25 linear ft.)
Series 8: Photographs, circa 1934-2002 (Boxes 8-10; 1.15 linear ft.)
Abstract Expressionist painter, sculptor, and writer Cleve Gray (1918-2004) lived and worked in Connecticut where he was politically active in the Vietnam protest movement and other liberal causes.
Born Cleve Ginsberg in New York City (the family changed its name to Gray in 1936), he attended the Ethical Culture School and at a young age developed a fascination with color and paint. At the urging of friends, Cleve's parents allowed him to accompany a school friend for lessons with George Bellows' student Antonia Nell. She encouraged and inspired the young artist, and a still life he painted in her class was shown at the National Academy of Design's 1932 annual exhibition. Miss Nell also introduced him to Louise N. Grace, an artist who became a good friend and had a lasting influence on him. While a student at Phillips Academy, Cleve studied painting with Bartlett Hayes and aspired to paint in France. Upon his graduation in 1936, he was awarded the Samuel F. B. Morse Prize for most promising art student.
Gray's mother was always supportive of his career choice. His businessman father, who didn't understand his son's desire to be an artist, insisted on a college education. Cleve chose Princeton, where he majored in art and archaeology, and studied painting with James E. Davis. His senior thesis was on Chinese landscape painting; both Eastern philosophy and art were long-term influences on Gray's work and outlook. He graduated summa cum laude in 1940, and then spent several months painting while living at the farm of a family friend in Mendham, New Jersey.
When a doctor suggeted that a dry climate might relieve sinus and asthma problems, Gray moved to Tucson, Arizona. Once settled in the desert, he contacted Louise N. Grace, whom he had met as a young teenager through his art instructor. Miss Grace, an artist and daughter of the founder of W. R. Grace and Co., was a highly cultured and independent woman older than his parents. The summer before Gray entered Phillips Academy, she had hired him to brush ground color onto canvases for murals she was painting for "Eleven Arches," her home in Tuscon then under construction. Miss Grace invited Gray to visit "Eleven Arches" to see the completed murals, and despite the substantial age difference, their friendship deepened; Gray found in her intellectual and spiritual guidance that was lacking in his own family. He remained in Tucson until enlisting in the U. S. Army in 1942, and they corresponded frequently during the the war. When a stroke in 1948 prevented Miss Grace from participating in the extensive tour of Europe she was arranging for a small group of friends, including Gray, she provided sufficient funds and insisted he make the trip on his own. Another stroke, suffered while Gray was traveling, left her in a coma; he was not permitted to see her again. Upon her death in 1954, Gray inherited "Eleven Arches."
Between 1943 and 1946, Gray was stationed in England, France, and Germany, serving in Army Signal Intelligence. Most of his work was performed at night, and he spent his free time drawing. While in London, Gray produced many colored pencil drawings of buildings that had been bombed. In France, a Red Cross volunteered to introduce him to Jacques Villon; although unfamiliar with the artist, Gray knew of Villon's brother, Marcel Duchamp, and accepted the invitation. Jacques and Gaby Villon lived near Gray's billet and he became a frequent visitor. Their friendship was important to his development as an artist. After being discharged from the Army in 1946, Gray remained in France to work with Villon who introduced him to the study of color and the concept of intellectual quality in painting. Gray also studied informally with André Lhote, Villon's former teacher. "American Painters in Paris," an exhibition presented in 1946 at Galerie Durand-Ruel, included work by Cleve Gray.
He returned to New York City in 1946. In the tight post-war rental market Gray managed to find a small room upstairs from a grocery store on East 106th Street for use as a studio. He commenced painting the London Ruins series based on drawings he had made during the war, and began thinking about exhibiting in New York. Gray secured introductions to Pierre Matisse, Curt Valentin, and Dorothy Miller. They encouraged him, but no opportunities came his way until Germain Seligmann, whose gallery was expanding its scope to include contemporary art, followed the advice of Curt Valentin and looked at Gray's work. Gary's first solo exhibition, held at Jacques Seligmann and Co., included selections from the London Ruins series, paintings done in Maine and Arizona, and a few portraits. The New York Times called it "an auspicious first," and one of the London Ruins series was selected by Edward Alden Jewell for the "Critic's Exhibition" at Grand Central Gallery.
Gray found New York City too frenetic. In 1949 he bought a large, old house in Warren, Connecticut, and lived and worked at "Graystones" for the remainder of his life. Half of a 6-car garage was converted to a studio; many years later, his studio moved to a barn, its renovation and design planned by sculptor and architect Tony Smith.
He married Francine du Plessix in 1957. Always interested in literature and philosophy, in the 1960s Francine du Plessix Gray began contributing articles to The New Yorker and is still affiliated with the magazine. Her reviews and articles appeared in prominent publications, and she wrote several award-winning novels and biographies. Their sons, Thaddeus and Luke (now a painter), were born in 1959 and 1961. Francine's mother, Tatiana du Plessix (the hat designer Tatiana of Saks), and step-father, the sculptor Alexander Liberman (also former art director of Vogue and later editorial director of Condé Nast publications) became Cleve Gray's closest friends.
The paintings and drawings of Cleve Gray - first consisting of figures and portraits, and then abstract compositions - were often produced in series. The earliest series, London Ruins, grew from the colored pencil drawings made while stationed in London during World War II. Travels to France, Italy, Greece, Morocco, Hawaii, Spain, Egypt, Japan, and Czechoslovakia, inspired many series, among them: Etruscan, Augury, Ceres, Demeter Landscape, Hera, Morocco, Hawaii, Ramses, Perne, Hatshepsut, Roman Walls, Zen, and Prague. His hometown, the Holocaust, and musicians inspired other series: Warren, Sleepers Awake!, Bela Bartok, and Four Heads of Anton Bruckner. Some series were works on paper, others were collage canvases, and a few series later spawned prints. Gray began using acrylics in the 1940s. Although the medium offered many benefits, he did not always like its appearance and frequently returned to oils. Around 1966 Gray was painting almost exclusively with acrylic, and eventually developed a technique of thinning the paint and applying successive layers of color (sometimes by pouring or with a sponge) on cotton duck rather than traditional canvas.
Gray was attracted to sculpture, too, working in that medium at different points in his career. His first sculpture, in plaster, was completed in 1959. In the early 1960s he visited a commercial sand-casting foundry and became excited about learning to cast in bronze. He made about a dozen sculptures to cast in sand, but due to too much undercutting, their casting became too difficult a problem. Lava flows seen while in Hawaii during 1970 and 1971 inspired a return to sculpture. This time, he used wood, papier maché, and metal. Gray then decided these pieces should be cast in bronze, and he was determined to do it himself. Friends taught him the lost wax process and he began working at the Tallix Foundry in Peekskill, New York where, over the next year, he cast about forty bronzes.
Gray's best known work is Threnody, a lament for the dead of both sides in Vietnam. In 1972, Gray received a commission to fill a very large gallery of the soon-to-open Neuberger Museum of Art (State University of New York, College at Purchase) designed by Philip Johnson. Friends of the Neuberger Museum paid his expenses and Gray, who was enormously excited about the project he considered a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity, donated his time. Developing plans for the execution of Threnody consumed most of his time during 1972 and 1973. Composed of a series of fourteen panels, each approximately twenty feet square, the piece presented a number of technical challenges. It was constructed and painted in situ during the summer and early fall of 1973. Since then, Threnody has been reinstalled at the Neuberger Museum of Art on several occasions.
Gray was commissioned to design liturgical vestments for two Episcopal churches in Connecticut in the 1970s. A chasuble, stoles, and a mitre were commissioned by the Episcopal Diocese of Connecticut in 1984.
He won the "Outdoor Art at the Station Competition," for Union Station, Hartford, Connecticut. His very large porcelain enamel tile mural, Movement in Space, was installed on the façade of the transportation center in 1988.
Gray began writing occasional articles and exhibition reviews in the late 1940s. His concern with rational structure in art led him to question Abstract Expressionism and write "Narcissus in Chaos." This article, published in 1959 by The American Scholar, drew considerable attention. In 1960, Cosmopolitan published "Women - Leaders of Modern Art" that featured Nell Blaine, Joan Brown, Elaine de Kooning, Helen Frankenthaler, Sonia Gretchoff, Grace Hartigan, Ethel Magafan, Louise Nevelson, and Georgia O'Keeffe. Between 1960 and 1970, Gray was a contributing editor of Art In America, producing numerous articles (a few co-authored with Francine) and reviews for the periodical. He edited three books, David Smith by David Smith: Scupture and Writings, Hans Richter, and John Marin, all published by Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, and translated Marcel Duchamp's A l'Infinitif.
During the early 1960s, Gray became intensely focused on the situation in Vietnam. His first artistic response came in 1963 with Reverend Quan Duc, painted to commemorate a Buddhist monk who had immolated himself. Francine, too, felt strongly about the issue and over time the couple became increasingly active in the anti-war movement. They joined a number of organizations and helped to found a local chapter of Clergy and Laymen Concerned about Vietnam. The years 1968 and 1969 were an especially intense and active period for the Grays. They protested, wrote and spoke out against the war, raised funds to support anti-war political candidates, and on a few occasions were arrested and jailed. Writing for Art in America, editing the book series, and anti-war activities left little time for his art. In 1970 Gray refocused his attention on painting.
Beginning in 1947, Gray was always represented by a New York Gallery: Jacques Seligmann and Co. (1947-1959), Staempfli Gallery (1960-1965), Saidenberg Gallery (1965-1968), Betty Parsons Gallery (1968-1983), Armstrong Gallery (1984-1987), and Berry-Hill Galleries (1988-2003). He was represented by galleries in other cities, as well, but not as consistently or for such long periods.
He exhibited extensively in group and solo exhibitions throughout the United States and internationally. In addition to numerous solo exhibitions presented by the dealers who represented Gray, there were retrospective exhibitions at: Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Brooklyn Museum, Columbus Museum of Art, Krannert Art Museum (University of Illinois, Champaign), Princeton University Art Museum, Rhode Island School of Design, and Wadsworth Atheneum.
Many museums' permanent collections include the work of Cleve Gray, among them: Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Butler Institute of American Art, Columbus Museum of Art, Neuberger Museum of Art (SUNY, College at Purchase), the Museum of Modern Art (New York), Newark Museum, Oklahoma City Museum of Art, Phillips Collection, Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery (University of Nebraska, Lincoln), Smithsonian Institution, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Whitney Museum of American Art, and Yale University Art Gallery.
Cleve Gray served as artist-in-residence at the Oklahoma City Museum of Art in 1963 and at the Honolulu Academy of Arts in 1970, both sponsored by Ford Foundation programs. In 1980, he was appointed an artist-in-residence at the American Academy in Rome, where Francine concurrently served as a writer-in-residence; they returned for shorter periods during each of the subsequent seven years. Cleve Gray was presented the Connecticut Arts Award in 1987, and the Neuberger Museum of Art Lifetime Achievement Award in 1999. He was awarded an honorary degree by the University of Hartford in 1992, and was elected a member of The American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1998. In addition, he was a trustee of the Neuberger Museum of Art, New York Studio School, Rhode Island School of Design, and Wadsworth Atheneum.
Cleve Gray hit his head and suffered a massive subdural hematoma after falling on ice outside of his home. He died the following day, December 8, 2004.
Exhibition catalogs and announcements and two scrapbooks donated to the Archives in 1967 and 1968 were microfilmed on reels D314-D315. Items on reel D315, transferred to the Smithsonian American Art Museum Library in 1975, are not described in this finding aid.
The Cleve Gray papers were donated to the Archives of American Art by Mr. Gray in 1967 and 1968. The bulk of the collection was given by his widow, Francine du Plessix Gray, in 2007 and 2008.
Use of original material requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordigs with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Stable Gallery records, 1916-1999, bulk 1953-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Funding for the digitization of this collection was provided by the Lichtenstein Foundation.
Patterson, Frederick D. (Frederick Douglass), 1901-1988 Search this
18.66 Linear feet (21 boxes)
1882 - 1988
President of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (later Tukegee Institute; now Tuskegee University) from 1935 - 1953 and founder of the United Negro College Fund (1944). Patterson was born on October 10, 1901. Orphaned at age two, he was raised by his eldest sister, Wilhelmina (Bess), a school teacher in Texas. He studied at Iowa State College, where he received a doctorate in veterinary medicine in 1923 and a master of science degree in 1927. Five years later, he was awarded a second doctorate degree from Cornell University. Patterson taught veterinary science for four years at Virginia State College, where he was also Director of Agriculture. His tenure at Tuskegee University started in 1928 and spanned almost 25 years, first as head of the veterinary division, then as the director of the School of Agriculture and finally as Tuskegee's third president. He married Catherine Elizabeth Moton, daughter of Tuskegee University's second president, Dr. Robert R. Moton. Patterson also founded the School of Veterinary Medicine at Tuskegee in 1944, the same year he founded the United Negro College Fund (UNCF). The UNCF continues today as a critical source of annual income for a consortium of Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Tuskegee University among them.
Scope and Content note:
The Frederick Douglass Patterson Collection comprises 18.66 linear feet of correspondence, manuscripts, research material, published writings, photographs, audiovisual material, scrapbooks, diplomas, awards, and other materials chronicling the personal life and professional career of Frederick D. Patterson.
The collection is comprised of glimpses into the life of Dr. Patterson. The little correspondece that survived is located in Series 2: Career, Series 3: Correspondence, and Series 4: Organizations. Some of the correspondence takes the form of congratulatory notes from 1953 during Patterson's transfer from Tuskegee Institute to the Phelps-Stokes Fund, located in Series 2. There is also a personal note sent to Patterson's wife, Catherine Patterson, from George Washington Carver in which he describes peanut oil as a good massage oil.
The collection is arranged by series and chronologically therein:
1. Biography: This series provides insight into Patterson's family life through primary documents. It is comprised of family wills, insurance policies, and his autobiography. Sub-series are arranged alphabetically by title.
2. Career: This series contains materials from Patterson's long professional career in the field of higher education, including his tenure as present of both the Tuskegee Institute and the Phelps-Stokes Fund. Sub-series are arranged chronologically.
3. Correspondence: This series contains letters sent to Patterson (and his wife) of a personal and professional nature. Several letters relate to Patterson's personal business "Signs and Services," which was a small billboard advertising company. There are also letters from George Washington Carver. The series is arranged chronologically.
4. Organizations: This series contains material from the various foundations Patterson founded and to which he belonged, including the R.R. Moton Fund and the College Endowment Funding Plan. He is especially noted for developing the United Negro College Fund. The series is organized alphabetically by sub-series title.
5. Honors: This series contains the awards, citations, and resolutions Patterson received during his lifetime. Folders are organized chronologically.
6. Subject Files: This series comprises articles, employee vitas, and other documents collected and organized by Patterson. Among the subjects in the files are higher education, Negroes, segregation, civil rights, and employee records. There is no key to this system.
7. Photographs: The Photograph series mostly documents Patterson's tenure at Tuskegee University. The series includes images of Patterson and various other notable figures during formal functions at the university. Noteworthy personalities include George Washington Carver, Eleanor and Franklin D. Roosevelt, and President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana.
8. Printed Materials: This series contains books, programs, and other documents from Patterson's personal collection. The series is organized alphabetically by author's last name.
Frederick Douglass Patterson was born on October 10, 1901 to parents William and Mamie Brooks Patterson, in the Buena Vista Heights area of Anacostia in Washington, D.C. The youngest of six children, Patterson's parents died of tuberculosis before he reached the age of two years, his mother when he was eleven months old and his father a year later. Following his parents' death, the Patterson children were split up and sent to live in the homes of family and friends as stipulated in his father's last will and testament until he was seven years old, Patterson lived in the Anacostia area with a family friend he called "Aunt Julia."
When he was seven years old, Patterson's older sister Bess (a recent graduate of the Washington Conservatory of Music) decided to seek employment in Texas and took him with her. Many of their parents' family still lived in the state, which allowed Patterson the opportunity to spend months with various aunts and uncles, while his sister taught music throughout the South. After completing eighth grade, Patterson joined his sister at the Prairie View Normal School, where she taught music and directed the choir. Patterson attended the school for four years, during which time he developed an interest in veterinary medicine.
In 1920, Patterson enrolled at Iowa State College as a veterinary student. He graduated in 1923 and moved to Columbus, Ohio, to join his brother John. While there, he took the Ohio State Board exam for Veterinary Medicine. Although he became certified, a lack of money prevented him from practicing. Four years later he received a teaching offer from Virginia State College (VSC) in Petersburg, Virginia, which afforded him the opportunity to work within his profession. While at VSC Patterson took a leave of absence and returned to Iowa, in 1926, to pursue a Master's degree in veterinary medicine.
After five years at VSC, the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute offered Patterson a position running the veterinarian hospital and teaching veterinary science. He moved to Tuskegee, Alabama in 1928. While at Tuskegee, Patterson decided to pursue a Ph.D. in bacteriology at Cornell University. During his year and a half leave from Tuskegee, Patterson completed his coursework and wrote his dissertation. After he returned to Tuskegee, a serial killer murdered three people, including the head of the Department of Agriculture. Confronted with this tragedy, school officials quickly offered Patterson the vacant position, which he accepted in 1934.
Robert R. Moton, second president of Tuskegee, retired in 1935 and a search was soon commenced to find the next president for the school. Patterson, in the meantime, pursued more personal matters when he met and married Catherine Moton (with whom he would have a son) in June 1935. By then he was already hired to take his now, father-in-law's, position as President of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute.
As president of Tuskegee, Patterson made several changes and many additions to the institution. He increased faculty housing for professors; integrated the Board of Trustees' meeting meals and eventually arranged for both balck and white members to eat at one table; shortened the name to Tuskegee Institute; and established the Department of Commercial Dietetics in 1935, the veterinary medicine program in 1942, and the engineering program in 1948. While many considered Patterson's changes important achievements, it was his development of the Commercial/Military Aviation Program that would bring the school distinction and fame.
Patterson first attempted to develop the aviation program in 1939. The government fostered the development of such programs by subsiding the expenses. All a university had to do was present able-bodied instructors and willing pupils. Tuskegee had both. By 1940 the United States Air Force was interested in integrating its forces. In order to do this they needed trained black pilots. Tuskegee was the perfect place to provide the needed pilots since the school was situated in an all-black environment where students could concentrate on learning to fly without having to worry about racist reactions from their fellow classmates. To accommodate this program, the Tuskegee Army Air Base was created. Tuskegee pilots flew missions throughout World War II and would later be recognized for their bravery.
An important part of Patterson's duties as president was fund-raising. By 1943 he found it increasingly difficult to find ample sources of funds to run the Institute. He came to realize Tuskegee and similar black colleges would benefit if they pooled their funding resources and asked for larger amounts of money from philanthropic individuals and organizations as a collective. Working together would cut fund-raising expenses; this in turn would leave more money for the colleges to use as they wished. Patterson named his new creation the United Negro College Fund (UNCF); it would go on to raise millions of dollars for the nation's historically black colleges. He served as the first president of the organization.
During the fifteen years Patterson served as president of Tuskegee, he hosted many famous personalities, including W.E.B. DuBois, Mary McLeod Bethune, Eleanor Roosevelt, Duke Ellington, Paul Robeson, Pearl Buck, and Andre Segovia. He developed a lasting relationship with George Washington Carver, who had been a professor with Tuskegee since the days of Booker T. Washington.
Patterson served on many organizational boards in addition to his educational work. His involvement with the Phelps-Stokes Fund would ultimately lead Patterson to leave his beloved Tuskegee Institute to apply his educational philosophies on a broader scale. In 1953 the Fund approached Patterson and offered him the presidency of the organization. Patterson, feeling he needed a change, accepted the offer. He resigned from Tuskegee that same year and moved to New York to begin a new life.
Organized in 1911, the Phelps-Stokes Fund supported African, African American, and Native American education and worked on solving housing problems in New York City. Patterson's interest in African education began before he joined Phelps-Stokes. In 1950 the World Bank/International Bank Commission to Nigeria hired him to "evaluate the resources of Nigeria and…to study the educational programs and the organizational structure of advanced education." Through his work with the Fund he continued his efforts to improve the educational opportunities for Africans and help them move beyond colonialism. Patterson traveled extensively throughout the west coast of Africa in support of these goals.
In addition to forming the UNCF, Patterson created two other organizations (the Robert R. Moton Institute and the College Endowment Funding Plan), during the mid 1960s and 1970s. Each was designed to improve funding efforts for historically black colleges. The Robert R. Moton institute began as an off-shoot of the Phelps-Stokes as a site for conferences to address the Fund's primary concerns. Patterson's idea for the Institute came from a desire to put to use a piece of property inherited after Moton's death. Empathy with the frustrations of college presidents regarding the restricted funding for institutional expenses led Patterson to create the College Endowment Funding Plan. The Endowment was designed to alleviate this situation by providing matching funds to eligible colleges. The Endowment made its first payment in 1978. Unfortunately, by the 1980s, the Moton Institute lost most of its government funding due to federal cutbacks. This resulted in reductions to the Institute's programming.
It was not until Patterson was well into his eighties that he began to retire from his life of public service. On June 23, 1987, President Ronald Reagan presented Dr. Patterson with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest possible honor that can be bestowed upon a civilian, for his service in higher education and his role in creating funding sources for the nation's historically black colleges. A year later Frederick Douglass Patterson died at the age of eighty-seven.
undated -- Xavier University
1941 -- Virginia State College
1941 -- Wilberforce University
1953 -- Morehouse College
1956 -- Tuskegee Institute
1961 -- New York University
1966 -- Edward Waters College
1967 -- Atlanta University
1969 -- Franklin and Marshall College
1970 -- Virginia Union University
1975 -- Bishop College
1977 -- St. Augustine's College
1982 -- Brooklyn College of the City University of New York
1984 -- Stillman College
1985 -- Payne College
undated -- Association for the Study of Negro Life and History Carter
undated -- The Southern Education Foundation, Inc. Distinguished Service Citation
undated -- The United Negro College Fund (UNCF) and Texas Association of Developing Colleges Annual Leadership Awards
1950 -- Christian Education department, African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, Inc. Citation for Distinguished Service
1953 -- Bethune-Cookman College, the Mary McLeod Bethune Medallion
1953 -- John A. Andrew Clinical Society at Tuskegee Institute, Citation for Distinguished Service in the Cause of Humanity
1953 -- Tuskegee Institute, Certificate of Appreciation for 25 Years of Service
1957 -- Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. Beta Lamda Sigma Chapter, Bigger and Better Business Award
1960 -- National Alumni Council of the UNCF, Inc. Award
1963 -- National Business League, Booker T. Washington Award
1965 -- Booker T. Washington Business Association, Certificate of Acknowledgement
1970 -- Moton Conference Center Award
1970 -- Tuskegee National Alumni Association, R.R. Moton Award
1972 -- American College Public Relations Association, 1972 Award for Distinguished Service to Higher Education
1972 -- UNCF F.D. Patterson 71st Birthday Award
1975 -- National Business League, Booker T. Washington Symbol of Service Award
1976 -- Phelps-Stokes Fund, Continuous Creative and Courageous Leadership in the Cause of Higher Education for Blacks
1977 -- Yale Alumni Associates of Afro-America, Distinguished Service Award
1979 -- Alpha Phi Alpha Education Foundation Inc., Distinguished Educator Award
1979 -- Tuskegee Institute Alumni Association Philadelphia Charter Award
1980 -- The Iowa State University Alumni Association, Distinguished Achievement Citation
1980 -- Gary Branch NAACP Life Membership Fight for Freedom Dinner 1980, Roy Wilkins Award
1980 -- State of Alabama Certificate of Appreciation
1982 -- St. Luke's United Methodist Church Achievement Award
1983 -- Tuskegee Airmen, Inc., Distinguished Service Award
1984 -- Booker T. Washington Foundation, Booker T. Washington Distinguished Service Award
1984 -- The Ohio State University Office of Minority Affairs, Distinguished Humanitarian and Service Award
1985 -- Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc, Eta Zeta Lamda Chapter Civic Award
1985 -- United States, Private Sector Initiative Commendation
1987 -- Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc of New York State, Founders Day Award
1987 -- Presidential Medal of Freedom
1987 -- Brag Business Achievement Award
1987 -- Phelps-Stokes Fund, Aggrey Medal
1941-1971 -- Southern Educational Foundation, Inc., Board Member
1943-1988 -- United Negro College Fund, Founder, President, and Member
1960s-1988 -- Robert R. Moton Memorial Institute, Founder
1970s-1988 -- The College Endowment Funding Plan, Founder
undated -- American National Red Cross, Board of Governors Member
undated -- Boys Scouts of America, National Council Member
undated -- Citizens Committee for the Hoover Report on Reorganization of Federal Government, Board Member
undated -- Institute of International Education, Advisory committee Member
undated -- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Life Member
undated -- National Business League, President and Board Member
undated -- National Urban League, National Committee Member
undated -- Phelps-Stokes Fund, Board of Trustees Member
undated -- President's Commission on Higher Education for Negroes
undated -- Southern Regional Education, Board of Control Member
Additional biographical materials in the Dale/Patterson Collection of the Anacostia Community Museum Archives.
This collection contains artifacts catalogued in the ACM Objects Collection.
The Frederick Douglass Patterson papers were donated to the Anacostia Community Museum in 2001 by Frederick Douglass Patterson, Jr.
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
The Frederick Douglass Patterson papers are the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Universities and colleges -- Administration Search this
An interview of William Carter conducted 1988 October 27-November 3, by Toni Costonie, for the Archives of American Art African-American artists in Chicago oral history project (1988-1989).
Carter speaks of his early life in St. Louis and Chicago, and of his education at the Art Institute of Chicago and the University of Illinois. He recalls his involvement with the WPA Federal Art Project's easel project. He discusses the impact of the South Side Community Art Center and his involvement with it. Carter also reminisces about his travels, teaching, collectors and issues involving black artists and writers.
Biographical / Historical:
William Carter (1909-1996) was a painter from Chicago, Ill.
Originally recorded on 3 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 5 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 37 min.
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
For information on how to access this interview contact Reference Services.
The Sharon Frances Patton research material on the artist Vincent Smith measures 0.8 linear feet and dates from 1968-2005. Materials document Smith's career as an artist and include many letters as well as autobiographical writings by him. Also featured in this collection are many printed materials relating to his career including magazines, exhibition materials and clippings. This collection also includes three sound cassettes featuring a profile of Smith and his thoughts on music.
Scope and Contents:
The Sharon Frances Patton research material on the artist Vincent Smith measures 0.8 linear feet and dates from 1968-2005. The research materials document Smith's career as an artist and include many letters as well as autobiographical writings by him. Also featured in this collection are many printed materials relating to his career including magazines, exhibition materials and clippings. This collection also includes three sound cassettes featuring a profile of Smith and his thoughts on music.
Series 1: Biographical Material, 1980-2004 (3 folders; Box 1)
Series 2: Correspondence, 1982-1998 (2 folders; Box 1)
Series 3: Writings, 1976-circa 1994 (5 folders; Box 1)
Series 4: Printed Material, 1968-2005 (0.4 linear feet; Boxes 1-2)
Series 5: Sound Recordings, 1986-1989 (3 folders; Box 2)
The collection is arranged as 5 series:
Biographical / Historical:
Sharon Frances Patton (1944- ) is a art historian and museum director in Baltimore, Maryland.
Vincent Smith (1929-2003) was a painter from New York City. His work was exhibited extensively and is now part of many distinguished collections.
Patton earned her BA in humanities with an emphasis on Studio Art from Roosevelt University in Chicago. This was followed by an MA from University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana and a Ph.D. in African Art History at Northwestern University. During and after these degrees she was a professor at various colleges around the country as well as a curator at the Studio Museum in Harlem, the Director of the Center for African American Studies at University of Michigan and the Director of the Allen Memorial Art Museum at Oberlin College. From 2003-2008 she was the Director of the Smithsonian's National Museum of African Art. Throughout her career she has organized around 20 exhibitions, compiled catalogs (one of which was on Vincent Smith's "Riding on a Blue Note" exhibit), written articles and essays and given lectures. She has also written two books, Memory and Metaphor: The Art of Romare Bearden and African American Art.
Smith became a full-time artist in 1953 after stints as a hobo, in the army and as a post office worker. Around this time he studied art at the Brooklyn Museum Art School, New York City's Art Students League and attended the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture in Maine on a scholarship. He also cited other African American artists as valuable resources for the development of his work. Much of his early work focused on the culture of jazz in New York City, but in the mid-1950s, with the start of the Civil Rights Movement, his work took on a more political tone. His first solo show was in 1955 at the Brooklyn Museum Art School Gallery and this was followed by many more solo and group shows throughout his career. His work is now in the collections of many museums as well as President Clinton, who was given one of Smith's pieces at his first inauguration. In 1980 he received a college degree from Empire State College at the State University of New York, Saratoga.
The collection was donated by Sharon Frances Patton in 2012.
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Campus and Community: Public and Land-grant Universities and the USDA at 150
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage Search this
The year 1862 marked the founding of two types of institutions that touch the lives of people across the United States and the world every single day: public universities and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Public and land-grant universities and the USDA partner with communities to put research into action in the areas of agriculture and food, health care, sustainable living, urban and rural revitalization, and education. The 2012 Festival program brought these partnerships to life through demonstrations, discussions, and hands-on activities, focused around several themes.
Building on Traditions: Many programs at public and land-grant universities and the USDA build on traditional culture, using it as a bridge to the future. Connecting with community members - from preschool students to elders - enriches the learning and research of university students, faculty, and staff by tapping into traditional creative expression and scientific knowledge. From Hawaiian celestial navigation to Mexican American medicinal methods, these programs offer mutual benefits for communities and universities while helping to preserve important knowledge for the future.
Reinventing Agriculture: The study of agriculture was part of the original mission of land-grant universities. Today, land-grant universities - often through USDA-supported programs - conduct cutting-edge agricultural research, which leads to important breakthroughs in seed quality, crop yield, and food security. Similarly, community-based projects of the universities and the USDA benefit the nation and the world. Projects in this area of the Festival connected the best of the past to the promise of the future.
Sustainable Solutions: The future of our world depends on solutions to growing and harvesting more food, reducing waste, conserving water, and finding viable alternative energy sources. Land-grant and public universities and the USDA collaborate with farmers, foresters, fishermen, biofuel producers, and others to put sustainability research into action, making daily life "greener" for local, regional, and global communities.
Transforming Communities: What does it take to transform a community? Public and land-grant universities and the U.S. Department of Agriculture use the power of their research and outreach capabilities to partner with community members in ways that profoundly improve many aspects of daily life, including health, education, accessibility, and connectivity.
Visitors to the Campus and Community program exercised their green thumbs in our garden spaces; got advice from Executive Master Gardeners and learned how to grow their own pizza garden; attended a "mini-university" class on entomology, paleontology, sustainable energy, and many other topics; explored innovative ideas that communities are using to repurpose items usually considered trash; tried a wide variety of 4-H program family activities, from gardening with heirloom seeds to robotics competitions; enjoyed community-based music and dance, which helps preserve and nurture traditional knowledge and keeps students motivated; and shared stories about their personal experiences with public university and USDA programs.
Betty Belanus was Curator, with a Curatorial Team consisting of Kurt Dewhurst, Sandy Rikoon, and Pat Turner; Cristina Díaz-Carrera was Program Coordinator.
The program was produced in partnership with the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Sponsoring universities included University of California, Davis; University of Florida; University of Hawai'i; University of Illinois; Indiana University; Iowa State University; University of Maryland; Michigan State University; Mississippi State University; University of Missouri; Montana State University; Oregon State University; University of Tennessee, Knoxville; Texas A&M University; University of Vermont; Washington State University; and West Virginia University. Mississippi State University Bagley College of Engineering Dean's Advisory Council was a Donor. Federal support for the program came from the Latino Initiatives Pool, administered by the Smithsonian Latino Center. The U.S. Forest Service and Francis Hamilton Fund for Excellence were Contributors. Friends of Mississippi State University, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences; Hawai'i Convention Center; McCullough Steel Products Inc., Mississippi; PetSmart Charities; and Sanderson Farms Inc. were Supporters.
Betty Belanus, Harold Closter, James Deutsch, David Edelson, Lorenzo Esters, Wendy Fink, Nancy Groce, Lisa L. Higgins, Marjorie Hunt, Suzanne Ingalsbe, Cathy Kerst, Helen Klaebe, Josh Lasky, Elaine J. Lawless, Mario Montaño, Tracy Parish, Sandy Rikoon, Pat Turner, Caren Wilcox, Kurt Dewhurst, Jon Kay
Building on Tradition
Michigan State University -- Michigan State UniversityKatherine Eleanor Barnes, 1948-, East Lansing, MichiganJessica Virginia Barnes-Najor, 1974-, East Lansing, MichiganAnn Frances Belleau, 1966-, Sault Ste. Marie, MichiganAyana Belleau, 1998-, Sault Ste. Marie, MichiganCarly Belleau, 2000-, Sault Ste. Marie, MichiganGeorge L. Belleau, 1967-, Sault Ste. Marie, MichiganLexy Belleau, 2000-, Sault Ste. Marie, MichiganTerrie Lynne Denomie, 1961-, Sault Ste. Marie, MichiganBarbara Dye, Middletown, MarylandClaire Dye, Middletown, MarylandEthan Dye, Middletown, MarylandPatricia Ann Farrell, 1946-, East Lansing, MichiganDelores Fitzgerald, East Lansing, MichiganRuth Ann Goorhouse, 1948-, Sault Ste. Marie, MichiganEarly John Kilpatrick, 1955-, Sault Ste. Marie, MichiganMary Margaret Kilpatrick, 1955-, Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan
University of Hawai'i -- University of Hawai'iAlohilani M.K. Adachi-JoseAriana AkakaJonah AkakaKimberly Kainoa Ariola-SukisakiKakaihala'i AvilezRichard C.K. BarbozaSamuel BarrChad BaybayanPaanaakala BaybayanManette BenhamSharon Leinaala BrightUluwehi K. CashmanEdward Chung Cashman, Jr.Keola Kawaiulailiahi ChanLa'akea Kaleohaaheookeao ChanDoris Jane ChangeLauleipuaokalani A.O. CoenFrank DamasCarl I. EvensenArnel FergerstromRockne C. Freitas, Honolulu, HawaiiGinger L. HamiltonNicole Mehanaokala HindKalaihikiola A.T. Hind-BoydLui Hokoana, Honolulu, HawaiiHeidi Ilima Ho-LastimosaClaire K. HughesElijah Kalani IsaacVictoria Poliahu Ishibashi-NaboaStacey K. KaauaJoseph Keaweaimoku KaholokulaGordon Umialiloa KaiJanie Leinaala KaiPele Hosea KaioKeahikaaiohelo N. KanaheleKekuhi H. KanaheleDrew Eric HappAlvin Katahara, HonoluluKauilehuamelemele KauhaneLisa Lehue KaulukukuiJames Kanani Kaulukukui, Jr.Kekuhi KealiikanakaoleohaililaniEd KenneyMalu KidoLeslie Kaiu KimuraDerrick KiyabuJoanne Chieko Leong, Honolulu, HawaiiEcstasy LigonMele LookKevin George LopesNaomi C. Losch, Kailua, HawaiiGail Mililani Makuakane-LundinSummer Puanani MaunakeaRyan Martin Shinichi McCormackWahine Aukai MercadoLynne Keala Monaco, Honolulu, HawaiiGloria Ann MurakiTrina Nahm-MijoKatherine Kawhionalani NguyenScott NikaidoDerrik ParkerKapuaohooleiiaikapono Aluli SouzaDonald O. Straney, Hilo, HawaiiBruce Kukini SuwaNoel K. Tagab-CruzTammy M. TanakaTaupouri TangaroKeyra Marie TejadaTy Preston TenganGlenn I. TevesDanielle TorresRalstan Kaulana VaresEthel M. VillalobosLynne T. Waters, Honolulu, HawaiiClifford Watson, Ewa Beach, HawaiiKahealani Kuuipo WilcozPuanaupaka WilliamsMichelle Noe Noe Wong-WilsonMorgan Wright
University of Missouri -- University of MissouriLesley Barker, 1956-, Ste. Genevieve, MissouriJo Jean Britt-Rankin, 1967-, Columbia, MissouriCynthia Kay DeBlauw, 1964-, Columbia, MissouriLisa Lauren Higgins, 1963-, Columbia, MissouriLetitia Johnson, 1962-, Ste. Genevieve, MissouriRobert James Krumm, 1956-, Urbana, IllinoisElaine J. Lawless, 1947-, Columbia, MissouriLynda Lorenz, 1961-, Frohna, MissouriSusan Mills-Gray, 1958-, Harrisonville, MissouriLisa June Palmer, 1960-, Ste. Genevieve, MissouriJames Sanford Rikoon, 1953-, Columbia, MissouriStacy Jo Robb, 1955-, Jefferson City, MissouriLuAnne K. Roth, 1968-, Columbia, MissouriLeAnne StewartDennis Stroughmatt, 1971-, Albion, IllinoisMarie Tyrrell, 1977-, Blue Springs, MissouriIrene Natalie Villmer, 1938-, Cadet, MissouriJames Edward Willgoose, 1955-, Nashville, Illinois
University of New Mexico -- University of New MexicoAntoinette Gonzales, 1971-, Albuquerque, New MexicoRita Navarrete Perez, 1954-, Albuquerque, New MexicoEliseo Torres, 1945-, Albuquerque, New MexicoNieves Y. Torres, 1948-, Albuquerque, New Mexico
University of Texas-Pan Am -- University of Texas-Pan AmMirelle Yariela Acuña, 1985-, McAllen, TexasOrlando De Leon, 1981-, Edinburg, TexasRuben Lino De Los Santos, 1990-, Edinburg, TexasAaron Isai Enriquez, 1991-, McAllen, TexasMiguel Angel Galvan, 1989-, Mission, TexasAngelita Celeste Garcia, 1992-, Edinburg, TexasSteven Garcia, 1975-, Edinburg, TexasNathan Eric García, 1992-, Odessa, TexasDominga Andrea Garza, 1989-, Edinburg, TexasDahlia Ann Guerra, 1954-, Edinburg, TexasCésar Eduardo Jáuregui, 1977-, San Antonio, TexasErica Joanna Lazo-Elizondo, 1985-, Edinburg, TexasFrancisco Loera, 1971-, McAllen, TexasJuan Carlos Lopez, 1989-, Mission, TexasKarina A. Lopez, 1987-, Edinburg, TexasJuan Fernando Mendoza, 1979-, Edinburg, TexasDavid Abraham Moreno Quijano, 1990-, Sullivan City, TexasJose Luis Rangel, Jr., 1985-, Edinburg, Texas
West Virginia University -- West Virginia UniversityMelissa Ackerman, 1991-, Maidsville, West VirginiaBrad Bell, 1991-, Morgantown, West VirginiaCorey Bierer, 1992-, Morgantown, West VirginiaJustice Binegar, 1993-, Williamstown, West VirginiaGareth Blyth, 1992-, Ellwood City, PennsylvaniaNicoletta Ciampa, 1991-, Morgantown, West VirginiaIan Cicco, 1989-, Morgantown, West VirginiaJames Conkle, 1992-, Washington, PennsylvaniaZane Cupec, 1989-, Slippery Rock, PennsylvaniaJamal Davidson, 1991-, New Carrollton, MarylandBrian Falls, 1992-, Steubenville, OhioChristina Fantacci, 1987-, Morgantown, West VirginiaMatthew Finley, 1993-, Moon Township, PennsylvaniaJackson Flesher, 1990-, Grafton, West VirginiaRyan Frost, 1979-, Morgantown, West VirginiaChristopher George, 1988-, Westover, West VirginiaJessica George, 1987-, Westover, West VirginiaKaethe George, 1956-, Morgantown, West VirginiaElissa Laura Gross, 1986-, Washington, D.C.Larissa Hardin, 1990-, Pomfret, MarylandElliott Reid Hartman, 1992-, Burke, VirginiaAdam Honse, 1993-, Uniontown, PennsylvaniaHoward Keith Jackson, 1962-, Morgantown, West VirginiaAlicia Jordan, 1993-, Charlestown, West VirginiaAlison King, 1989-, Fairchance, PennsylvaniaPaul Kreider, 1956-, Morgantown, West VirginiaRafael Langoni de Mello Nunes Smith, 1987-, Morgantown, West VirginiaJohn Lofink, 1988-, Terra Alta, West VirginiaZachary Long, 1990-, Charlestown, West VirginiaElliott Mannette, 1927-Mitchell Marozzi, 1989-, Morgantown, West VirginiaRobert McEwen, 1992-, Oakland, MarylandAlexis Morrell, 1991-, Wheeling, West VirginiaCassandra Nelson, 1991-, Cassville, West VirginiaChristopher Nichter, 1980-, Morgantown, West VirginiaCorey Orban, 1990-, Maidsville, West VirginiaStephen Oswalt, 1993-, Coraopolis, PennsylvaniaSarah Plata, 1988-, Charleston, West VirginiaJohn Posey, 1990-, Wheeling, West VirginiaAndrew Rhodes, 1990-, Morgantown, West VirginiaCody Joseph Riggins, 1990-, Tunnelton, West VirginiaJennifer Sager, 1993-, Irwin, PennsylvaniaStephen Schramm, 1989-, Wheeling, West VirginiaThomas Seidler, 1991-, Wheeling, West VirginiaTyler Shreve, 1989-, Cumberland, MarylandAnne Stickley, 1993-, Fairfax, VirginiaAndrew Swisher, 1987-, Morgantown, West VirginiaMollie Talada, 1990-, Morgantown, West VirginiaAlaina Tetrick, 1990-, Morgantown, West VirginiaGregory Thurman, 1977-, Morgantown, West VirginiaMichael Vercelli, 1973-, Morgantown, West VirginiaRachel Weiss, 1987-, Pittsburgh, PennsylvaniaWilliam J. Winsor, 1956-, Morgantown, West VirginiaMatthew Zeh, 1989-, Morgantown, West Virginia
1890 University Consortium -- 1890 University ConsortiumWanda Agnew, 1949-, Bismarck, North DakotaAmber Marie Allery, 1995-, Bismarck, North DakotaCynthia Ann Allery, 1974-, Bismarck, North DakotaPatricia Elaine Aune, 1948-, Bismarck, North DakotaAnnette E. Broyles, 1960-, Bismarck, North DakotaRandolph Judson Two Crow, 1970-, Bismarck, North DakotaKamran K. Abdollahi, 1960-, Baton Rouge, LouisianaRobert Chambers, 1986-, Zachary, LouisianaWilliam Buell Bean, 1977-, Frankfort, KentuckyKimberley Holmes, 1971-, Frankfort, KentuckyKirk Pomper, 1961-, Frankfort, KentuckyAvinash Tope, 1967-, Frankfort, KentuckyTeferi Tsegaye, 1962-, Lexington, KentuckyJason Paul Challandes, 1981-, Newark, DelawareJohn W. Clendaniel, 1972-, Dover, DelawareRose Ogutu, 1966-, Dover, DelawareKathryn A. Onken, 1985-, Dover, DelawareAndy Joseph Wetherill, 1966-, Newark, DelawareEnrique Nelson Escobar, 1948-, Princess Anne, MarylandThomas Handwerker, 1951-, Princess Anne, MarylandBerran Rogers, Princess Anne, MarylandWill Getz, 1942-, Fort Valley, GeorgiaBrou Kouakou, 1962-, Fort Valley, GeorgiaSchauston Miller, 1939-, Fort Valley, GeorgiaChristopher Mullins, Petersburg, Virginia
University of the District of Columbia (Associate Member of the 1890 Consortium) -- University of the District of Columbia (Associate Member of the 1890 Consortium)Howard Franklin, Jr.Tyrone HensonHerbert HoldenAllyn JohnsonJudith Korey, Washington, D.C.Josh LaskyLyle LinkLillie Monroe-LordSteve NovoselSabine O'Hara, Washington, D.C.Douglas PierceTambra Stevenson
1994 University Consortium -- 1994 University ConsortiumElizabeth Campbell, 1979-, Bellingham, WashingtonSusan Given-Seymour, 1946-, Bellingham, WashingtonMeghan Frances McCormick, 1982-, Bellingham, WashingtonTheresa Parker, 1956-, Neah Bay, WashingtonMary Margaret Pelcher, 1960-, Mt. Pleasant, MichiganValerie Segrest, 1983-, Bainbridge Island, Washington
United States Department of Agriculture -- United States Department of AgricultureGeorge BowmanLincoln Bramwell, Washington, D.C.Rhonda Brandt, Washington, D.C.Russell BriggsEllen BuckleyDonna Burke-Fonda, Washington, D.C.Lorraine ButlerAnnie CeccariniJanette Davis, Washington, D.C.Tiffany EdmondsonJay Evans, Beltsville, MarylandMark Feldlaufer, Beltsville, MarylandSusan FugateLily GravitzRobert Griesbach, Beltsville, MarylandTina HanesJenna JadinRoxanne MacDonaldDuncan McKinleyLyndel Meinhardt, Beltsville, MarylandKelly Novak, Washington, D.C.Ronald Ochoa, Beltsville, MarylandJeff Pettis, Beltsville, MarylandMaggie Rhodes, Washington, D.C.Nichole RosamillaKristen TownsendJon Vrana, Washington, D.C.Caren Wilcox
University of Vermont -- University of VermontGeorge L. Cook, 1950-, Hyde Park, VermontEmily Vera Drew, 1989-, Underhill Center, VermontMark Isselhardt, 1976-, Hyde Park, VermontTimothy D. Perkins, 1961-, Underhill Center, VermontBrian William Stowe, 1963-, Johnson, VermontTimothy Roger Wilmot, 1949-, Underhill, Vermont
University of California, Davis -- University of California, DavisCharles William Bamforth, 1952-, Davis, CaliforniaGina Annette Banks, 1981-, Davis, CaliforniaKatrina Evans, 1980-, Woodland, CaliforniaJon Daniel Flynn, 1961-, Davis, CaliforniaSharon Campbell Knox, 1966-, Davis, CaliforniaLina C. Layiktez, 1970-, Davis, CaliforniaLaurie Ann Lewis Kinshella, 1950-, Davis, CaliforniaCheryl Purifoy, 1963-, Sacramento, CaliforniaChristopher Alan Reynolds, 1951-, Davis, CaliforniaAnn Elisa Savageau, 1945-, Davis, CaliforniaRobert Segar, 1955-, Davis, CaliforniaAbigail Elaine Selya, 1993-, Santa Rosa, CaliforniaCarol Hanling Shu, 1985-, Davis, CaliforniaHelen Xiomara Trejo, 1990-, Davis, CaliforniaPatricia A. Turner, 1955-, Davis, CaliforniaDiane E. Ullman, 1954-, Davis, CaliforniaVirginia Mae Welsh, 1972-, Davis, CaliforniaYi Zhou, 1988-, Davis, California
University of Florida -- University of FloridaErin Elizabeth Alvarez, 1977-, Gainesville, FloridaRuth Hohl Borger, 1957-, Gainesville, FloridaJacqueline K. Burns, 1956-, Auburndale, FloridaJamie Dianne Burrow, 1981-, Lake Alfred, FloridaJames P. Cuda, 1950-, Gainesville, FloridaLynne R. Cuda, 1951-, Gainesville, FloridaMichael Dale Dukes, 1972-, Gainesville, FloridaBetty Ann Dunckel, 1950-, Gainesville, FloridaMary Duryea, 1949-, Gainesville, FloridaEmily E. Eubanks, 1980-, Gainesville, FloridaSeth Charles Farris, 1988-, Davie, FloridaLyn Anne Gettys, 1965-, Davie, FloridaWilliam T. Haller, 1947-, Gainesville, FloridaGail Hansen de Chapman, 1956-, Gainesville, FloridaRebecca Grossberg Harvey, 1973-, Boca Raton, FloridaJohn Parker Hayes, 1955-, Gainesville, FloridaCarolyn Huntley, 1990-, Dunedin, FloridaDale Ann Johnson, 1960-, Gainesville, FloridaTyler Lennon Jones, 1981-, Gainesville, FloridaCassandra Jeaninne Lema, 1989-, Gainesville, FloridaLoy Reginal Markham, 1952-, Cedar Key, FloridaKathleen McKee, 1966-, Gainesville, FloridaBrian Niemann, 1981-, Gainesville, FloridaJack Payne, 1946-, Gainesville, FloridaAmy Nanette Richard, 1962-, Gainesville, FloridaLinda Ann Smith, 1963-, Gainesville, FloridaTimothy Matthew Spann, 1974-, Lake Alfred, FloridaLissette M. Staal, 1956-, Gainesville, FloridaTaylor Verne Stein, 1970-, Gainesville, FloridaLeslie Sturmer, 1951-, Cedar Key, FloridaJoy Vinci, 1981-, Davie, FloridaTimothy Lee White, 1951-, Gainesville, FloridaWilliam Robert White, 1974-, Clear Key, FloridaMegan Brooke Wichman, 1994-, Gainesville, FloridaTom Alan Wichman, 1963-, Gainesville, FloridaSara Elizabeth Williams, 1980-, Davie, FloridaRobert Anthony Witt, 1957-, Cedar Key, Florida
University of Tennessee -- University of TennesseeKate Armstrong, 1987-, Knoxville, TennesseeDiane Bossart, 1964-, Knoxville, TennesseeSteven Mason Davis, Knoxville, TennesseePeter Duke, 1987-, Knoxville, TennesseeKarl Langenberg Hughes, 1988-, Knoxville, TennesseeLauren McCarty, 1988-, Knoxville, TennesseeWilliam Miller, 1952-, Oak Ridge, TennesseeJason Pimsler, 1986-, Knoxville, TennesseeJames Rose, 1973-, Knoxville, TennesseeEdgar Stach, 1963-, Knoxville, Tennessee
Washington State University -- Washington State UniversityTammey Lynn Boston, 1958-, Pullman, WashingtonCharles Burke, 1961-, Pullman, WashingtonBrian C. Clark, 1957-, Pullman, WashingtonTherese Rose Harris, 1958-, Colton, WashingtonGwen-Alyn Hoheisel, 1975-, Prosser, WashingtonKathryn R. La Pointe, 1958-, Moscow, Idaho
Iowa State University -- Iowa State UniversityLynn Adams, 1962-, Red Oak, IowaSteven Lynn Adams, Red Oak, IowaTim Borich, Ames, IowaCorydon Arthur Croyle, 1953-, Ames, IowaJennifer Drinkwater, 1979-, Ames, IowaAmy Elizabeth Edmondson, 1990-, Ames, IowaLisa Marie Fontaine, 1957-, Ames, IowaJane Nolan Goeken, 1958-, Spencer, IowaJuan Himar Hernandez, 1977-, Ottumwa, IowaKaren Kay Lathrop, 1966-, West Liberty, IowaSandra Elizabeth Norvell, 1960-, Ames, IowaChitra Rajan, 1958-, Ames, IowaDavid Allen Ringholz, 1972-, Ames, IowaChristopher Ray Van Oort, 1991-, Ames, Iowa
Montana State University -- Montana State UniversityKiah Abbey, Bozeman, MontanaTom Calcagni, Bozeman, MontanaClayton Christian, Helena, MontanaJean Margaret Conover, 1977-, Bozeman, MontanaWaded Cruzado, Bozeman, MontanaKelly Gorham, Bozeman, MontanaJeffrey Brian Holloway, 1955-, Bozeman, MontanaJack Horner, Bozeman, MontanaJamie Drago Jette, 1949-, Bozeman, MontanaMichael Patrick Leiggi, 1954-, Bozeman, MontanaMiki Lowe, Bozeman, MontanaLisa Marie Lundgren, 1989-, Bozeman, MontanaSheldon L. McKamey, 1951-, Bozeman, MontanaLindsay Murdoch, Bozeman, MontanaCollin Nelson, Bozeman, MontanaMartha Potvin, Bozeman, MontanaChase Rose, Bozeman, MontanaJoseph Steffens, Bozeman, MontanaJoseph Thiel, Bozeman, MontanaAngela H. Weikert, 1982-, Bozeman, Montana
Texas A&M University -- Texas A&M UniversityCory Lynn Arcak, 1973-, College Station, TexasRobert T. Bisor, IIIBryan O'Neil Boulanger, 1976-, College Station, TexasBooker Stephen Carpenter, II, 1965-, State College, PennsylvaniaSherylon J. Carroll, 1959-, College Station, TexasJason D. Cook, 1973-, College Station, TexasJuan Gerardo Galvan, 1954-, Laredo, TexasCynthia A. Gay, 1955-, College Station, TexasR. Bowen Loftin, College Station, TexasSherif Ezzat Mabrouk, 1989-, College Station, TexasMichelle Jean Mumme, 1990-, Indianapolis, IndianaOscar Jesus Muñoz, 1950-, College Station, TexasLynn Novick, 1945-, College Station, TexasKaran WatsonChad E. Wootton
University of Illinois -- University of IllinoisBonnie Jo Buckley, 1950-, Charleston, IllinoisAmber Jo Buckley-Shaklee, 1984-, Charleston, IllinoisAnn CameronJupin Abraham Chacko, 1990-, Skokie, IllinoiKen Cleeton, 1960-, Effingham, IllinoisK.L. Cleeton, 1989-, Effingham, IllinoisStephen Paul Diebold, 1988-, Inverness, IllinoiLily DiegoKathleen Downes, 1993-, Floral Park, New YorkSusan Downes, 1963-, Floral Park, New YorkSarah FranzJon Richard Gunderson, 1958-, Champaign, IllinoisAzarmidokht HamidianBrad Hedrick, 1952-, Urbana, IllinoisTamar HellerEmily M. Hoskins, 1983-, Nashville, TennesseeErik Jenkins, 1992-, Crystal Lake, IllinoisGregory Jenkins, 1955-, Crystal Lake, IllinoisJeong-Suk Jin, 1956-, Saint Louis, MissouriKatherine Ann Johnson, 1954-, Champaign, IllinoisKathleen Ann Johnson, 1956-, Northfield, IllinoisJi-Hae Lee, 1983-, Saint Louis, MissouriPage Lindahl-Lewis, 1966-, Urbana, IllinoisAnne Marois, 1981-, Champaign, IllinoisElizabeth McBrideDeana McDonagh, 1965-, Savoy, IllinoisKatelyn McNamaraKeith MillerTimothy Nugent, Champaign, IllinoisKushal Parikh, 1987-, Darien, IllinoisTracy Michael Parish, 1979-, Champaign, IllinoisAlyson PatsavasMatthew RamirHadi Rangin, 1962-, Champaign, IllinoisLynn Marie Raymond, 1959-, River Forest, IllinoisVictoria Ann Raymond, 1991-, River Forest, IllinoisKristina ReisCarrie SandahlSheila M. Schneider, 1958-, Champaign, IllinoisScott Wilson Schwartz, 1957-, Urbana, IllinoisJoan SestakRoxana StuppKaren SwanSara VogtJill Lindsey Von Fumetti, 1991-, Johnston, IowaRandy John Von Fumetti, 1956-, Johnston, IowaAnne Rose Wessel, 1992-, Teutopolis, IllinoisMichael Todd White, 1987-, Champaign, IllinoisTiffany Wilkinson, 1984-, Mesa, Arizona
University of Maryland Extension -- University of Maryland ExtensionDavid Franc, Westminster, MarylandKathryn A. Franc, 1993-, Westminster, MarylandDenise Elaine Frebertshauser, 1969-, College Park, MarylandKathy Gordon, Westminster, MarylandKevin Eugene Haenftling, 1994-, Mountain Lake Park, MarylandChris Johnston, Centreville, MarylandAaron Lantz, 1994-, Mountain Lake Park, MarylandArlene Lantz, 1965-, Mountain Lake Park, MarylandWillie LantzPhil Malone, Mountain Lake Park, MarylandAmy Rhodes, Salisbury, MarylandAnn Carroll Sherrard, 1956-, Mountain Lake Park, MarylandAnne TurkosAmanda Wahle, Glen Burnie, Maryland
Family Activity Area
California State University, Fresno -- California State University, FresnoMaria Guadalupe Carrillo, 1988-, Fresno, CaliforniaJasen Michael Costa, 1988-, Tulare, CaliforniaPaulette Spruill Fleming, 1948-, Fresno, CaliforniaVanessa Guadalupe Fuentes, 1991-, Fresno, CaliforniaJerica Corinne Guzman, 1987-, Reedley, CaliforniaKristine Michelle Habib, 1968-, Fresno, CaliforniaRonda Yvette Kelley, 1967-, Fresno, CaliforniaSydney Shenae Morrow, 1991-, Seaside, CaliforniaVictoria Nichole Ornelas, 1988-, Fresno, CaliforniaWilliam C. Raines, 1953-, Fresno, California
Michigan State University
Oregon State University
Dennis Stroughmatt et l'Esprit Creole
University of Texas-Pan American Mariachi Aztlán
The Guernsey Brothers
University of Hawai'i's Tuahine Troupe
West Virginia University's Steel Band Drum Ensemble
Access to the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections is by appointment only. Visit our website for more information on scheduling a visit or making a digitization request. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies.
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 2012 Smithsonian Folklife Festival, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.