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Melford E. Spiro papers

Creator:
Spiro, Melford E., 1920-2014  Search this
Names:
University of California, San Diego. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
9.6 Linear feet ((24 boxes))
12 Sound recordings
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Field notes
Photographic prints
Slides (photographs)
Psychological tests
Place:
Israel
Ifalik Atoll (Micronesia)
Burma
Date:
1943-2003, undated
Summary:
Melford E. Spiro was a psychological anthropologist whose career included fieldwork on the Pacific Atoll of Ifaluk, on kibbutzim in Israel, and in Burma. His research topics included child rearing, cooperation, aggression, and supernatural beliefs. His papers, dated 1943-2003, primarily document these periods of fieldwork in relation to these topics. The collection consists of field notes, personality data and analysis, photographs, interview tapes and transcriptions, ephemera, subject card files, and research files. It also includes limited material related to his teaching and writings in the form of course outlines and research, lecture notes, annotated articles, drafts, and book reviews.
Scope and Contents:
The Melford E. Spiro papers, 1943-2003, primarily document his periods of field work on the Ifaluk Atoll, on kibbutzim in Israel, and in Burma. The collection consists of field notes, personality data and analysis, photographs, interview tapes and transcriptions, ephemera, subject card files, and research files. It also includes limited material related to his teaching and writings in the form of course outlines and research, lecture notes, annotated articles, drafts, and book reviews.

The collection includes a great deal of the data Spiro collected at all three field sites, including Rorschach and Thematic Apperception tests (TAT) and the subsequent analysis, sentence completions, drawings by children, and autobiographies of informants. The majority of the interview transcriptions and questionnaires in the collection are from Israel and are written in Hebrew. Translations in English do not exist within this collection. The photographs include black-and-white snapshots of people and landscapes on Ifaluk and color slides taken in Burma and other locations in Southeast Asia.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 4 series: Series 1. Ifaluk, 1947-1988, undated; Series 2. Israel, 1951-1981, undated; Series 3. Burma, 1943-1978, undated; Series 4. Teaching and writing, 1953-2003, undated.
Biographical Note:
Chronology

1920 April 26 -- Melford Spiro born in Ohio

circa 1942 -- BA Philosophy, University of Minnesota

circa 1942 -- Studied at Jewish Theological Seminary in New York

1947-1948 -- Field work in Ifaluk (Caroline Islands atoll)

1950 -- PhD in Anthropology, Northwestern University

1950 -- Start of field work in Israel

1950-1957 -- Taught at Washington University, St. Louis, the University of Connecticut, and the University of Washington

1957 -- Began teaching at the University of Chicago

1961-1962 -- Field work in Burma

1968 -- Started at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) as a founding member of the Anthropology department

1968-1972 -- Chair of the Anthropology department at UCSD

1969-1972 -- Summers: Worked with Burmese refugees in Thailand

1975 -- Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences

1982 -- Appointed UCSD's first holder of the Presidential Chair

1982 -- Elected to the National Academy of Sciences

1990 -- Retired from UCSD

2014 October 18 -- Died in La Jolla, CA

Melford E. Spiro was a psychological anthropologist whose career included fieldwork on the Pacific Atoll of Ifaluk, on kibbutzim in Israel, and in Burma. His research topics included child rearing, cooperation, aggression, and supernatural beliefs. He was renowned for his "careful, insightful, and insistent emphasis upon motivational and psychological underpinnings of human behavior…and upon the need to take them into account in cross-cultural analysis." (Jordan)

While a PhD student at Northwestern University, Spiro was introduced to psychological anthropology by A. Irving Hallowell, who became a lifelong mentor and friend. After receiving his PhD in 1950, he went on to teach at Washington University in St. Louis, and the Universities of Connecticut, Washington, and Chicago before becoming the founding chair of the anthropology department at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) in 1968. He recruited the department's first faculty members in 1969 including Roy D'Andrade, Marc J. Swartz, Theodore Schwartz, Robert I. Levy, David K. Jordon, and Joyce Bennett Justus. Spiro also received training in psychoanalysis after arriving in San Diego and practiced as a lay analyst while establishing links to the medical school to provide anthropology graduate students with general psychiatric training.

Spiro served terms as president of the American Ethnological Society and the Society for Psychological Anthropology (SPA). He was one of the founders of Ethos, the SPA's journal. He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and was the recipient of two Guggenheim fellowships and an Einstein Fellowship from the Israel Academy of Science. He also received an Excellence-in-Teaching award from the Chancellor's Associates at UCSD based on his mentoring of anthropology graduate students.

Sources consulted: Jordan, David K. "In Memoriam, Melford E. Spiro." Anthropology News 56, no. 11-12 (December 2015): 26-27.

Avruch, Kevin. "Biographical Memoirs, Melford E. Spiro." National Academy of Sciences. 2015. Accessed April 4, 2016. http://www.nasonline.org/publications/biographical-memoirs/memoir-pdfs/spiro-melford.pdf.
Related Materials:
Film and sound reels have been transferred to the Smithsonian's Human Studies Film Archive, HSFA.2016.09.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Melford Spiro's son, Jonathan Spiro, in 2015.
Restrictions:
The Melford E. Spiro papers are open for research.

Access to the Melford E. Spiro papers requires an appointment.
Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Kibbutzim  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Anthropologists -- United States  Search this
Ethnopsychology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Photographic prints
Slides (photographs)
Psychological tests
Citation:
Melford E. Spiro papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2015-04
See more items in:
Melford E. Spiro papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw359c0c775-2162-4754-acb3-c8611cb8da0a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2015-04

Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae

Collector:
Nelson  Search this
E. A. Goldman  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Male
Place:
Hacienda San Juan Capistrano, Zacatecas, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
21 Aug 1897
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 11568
USNM Number:
90964
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3719be1d2-0c54-4b18-afae-06ab8ef63b54
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7169719

Sylvilagus floridanus yucatanicus

Collector:
Nelson  Search this
E. A. Goldman  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Place:
Campeche, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
10 Jun 1900
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus yucatanicus
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 14236
USNM Number:
100505
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/30b7f1c17-4267-49ee-b243-3c5c2148ea6e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7167555

Sylvilagus floridanus yucatanicus

Collector:
A. Schott  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Place:
Merida, Yucatan, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
7 Mar 1865
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus yucatanicus
Accession Number:
000000
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 259
Other Catalog Number : A0034879
USNM Number:
11440
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3c2aa6782-74a6-40c8-8444-6922ee965975
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7167568

Sylvilagus floridanus yucatanicus

Collector:
Nelson  Search this
E. A. Goldman  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Male
Place:
Progreso, Yucatan, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
24 Feb 1901
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus yucatanicus
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 14559
USNM Number:
108184
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/32c5d3678-02c1-4a4a-afe2-99844bd7b400
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7167571

Sylvilagus floridanus yucatanicus

Collector:
Nelson  Search this
E. A. Goldman  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Place:
Progreso, Yucatan, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
26 Feb 1901
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus yucatanicus
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 14565
USNM Number:
108187
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/34daeacf8-dad7-48d1-bfa7-e701ad3a8786
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7167587

Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae

Collector:
E. W. Nelson  Search this
Length - Total:
345 mm
Length - Tail:
50 mm
Length - Hind Tarsus:
79 mm
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Place:
Tlalpam, Distrito Federal, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
19 Dec 1892
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 4096
USNM Number:
50078
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3d0508dcb-7e8c-4a23-8fac-61970f88393a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7165895
Online Media:

Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae

Collector:
E. W. Nelson  Search this
Length - Total:
347 mm
Length - Tail:
58 mm
Length - Hind Tarsus:
80 mm
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Male
Place:
Tlalpam, Distrito Federal, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
21 Dec 1892
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 4101
USNM Number:
50079
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3bfc621e0-1ae8-4826-845e-1e39ecb16b90
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7165897
Online Media:

Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae

Collector:
E. W. Nelson  Search this
Length - Total:
385 mm
Length - Tail:
50 mm
Length - Hind Tarsus:
90 mm
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Male
Place:
Tlalpam, Distrito Federal, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
26 Dec 1892
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 4114
USNM Number:
51111
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3ed9f1cc3-4eec-47b8-a6fb-d94db70b135f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7165900
Online Media:

Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae

Collector:
E. W. Nelson  Search this
Length - Total:
380 mm
Length - Tail:
41 mm
Length - Hind Tarsus:
86 mm
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Male
Place:
Tulancingo, Hidalgo, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
18 Aug 1893
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 5323
USNM Number:
55592
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/302015b64-fa27-4a1e-851d-694ae0fc912d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7165928
Online Media:

Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae

Collector:
E. W. Nelson  Search this
Length - Total:
410 mm
Length - Tail:
40 mm
Length - Hind Tarsus:
88 mm
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Place:
Tulancingo, Hidalgo, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
25 Aug 1893
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 5364
USNM Number:
55599
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/36a5dfefd-3421-4047-8931-eb2f670696d4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7165935
Online Media:

Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae

Collector:
Nelson  Search this
E. A. Goldman  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Place:
Zimapan, Hidalgo, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
17 Oct 1896
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 10274
USNM Number:
81463
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/390dc4d84-4f72-446b-9aa2-8b08b4a640f2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7165937

Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae

Collector:
Nelson  Search this
E. A. Goldman  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Male
Place:
Zimapan, Hidalgo, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
17 Oct 1896
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 10273
USNM Number:
81528
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3c8a5123f-2cca-4301-8b85-68d404ae1c1d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7165943

Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae

Collector:
P. L. Jouy  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Stage:
Adult
Place:
Hacienda El Molino, Near Negrete, Michoacan, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
13 Jun 1892
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 409
Other Catalog Number : A0035664
USNM Number:
20434
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/315e9d1de-b246-41b7-85fa-2aaabdbf031d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7166000

Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae

Collector:
E. W. Nelson  Search this
Length - Total:
410 mm
Length - Tail:
50 mm
Length - Hind Tarsus:
91 mm
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Male
Place:
Patzcuaro, Michoacan, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
15 Jul 1892
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 2827
Other Catalog Number : A0047146
USNM Number:
34881
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/322666098-0af6-4d14-b9ee-61a047ca3c2c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7166002
Online Media:

Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae

Collector:
E. W. Nelson  Search this
Length - Total:
410 mm
Length - Tail:
50 mm
Length - Hind Tarsus:
87 mm
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Male
Place:
Patzcuaro, Michoacan, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
16 Jul 1892
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 2843
Other Catalog Number : A0047149
USNM Number:
34884
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/331a325a4-b404-403a-8bff-73f9a40be361
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7166005
Online Media:

Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae

Collector:
E. W. Nelson  Search this
Length - Total:
400 mm
Length - Tail:
41 mm
Length - Hind Tarsus:
94 mm
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Male
Place:
Patzcuaro, Michoacan, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
16 Jul 1892
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 2844
Other Catalog Number : A0047150
USNM Number:
34885
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/390358b35-88ff-4b9c-9756-d4ad9b61ef29
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7166006
Online Media:

Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae

Collector:
E. W. Nelson  Search this
Length - Total:
390 mm
Length - Tail:
53 mm
Length - Hind Tarsus:
88 mm
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Place:
Patzcuaro, Michoacan, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
17 Jul 1892
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 2852
Other Catalog Number : A0047152
USNM Number:
34887
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/39b1c6603-086a-4e1f-aa0f-cd74784360c2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7166008
Online Media:

Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae

Collector:
Nelson  Search this
E. A. Goldman  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Place:
Hacienda San Juan Capistrano, Zacatecas, Mexico, North America
Collection Date:
21 Aug 1897
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus orizabae
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 11569
USNM Number:
90965
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/322396a5d-078b-4df8-8782-6c8c028eccc3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7166065

Sylvilagus floridanus aztecus

Collector:
F. Sumichrast  Search this
Preparation:
Skull
Sex:
Unknown
Place:
Tehuantepec, Oaxaca, Mexico, North America
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Lagomorpha, Leporidae
Published Name:
Sylvilagus floridanus aztecus
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : No Number
USNM Number:
A13862
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3a9d438bb-a545-4f30-8e6d-5dd13c1cd2bc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7161642

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