27 Volumes (approximately 6,900 p.; 1 index v., 29 cm. +)
The collection consists chiefly of hand-written notes made by Southgate on a wide range of postal history topics and related matters, generally on lined or graph paper measuring 25 x 15 cm. or smaller, for keeping in triple-post binders. Some of the notes were made in "Lefax" or other commercially-available notebooks. The collection includes numerous mounted newsclippings, brochures, and excerpted articles from philatelic journals, as well as statistical data, advertisements, copies of correspondence, and diagrams made by Southgate to illustrate plate variations, etc.
Hugh McLellan Southgate (b. Sept. 3, 1871; d. Oct. 23, 1940), a resident of Chevy Chase, Maryland, was an important postage stamp collector and an active member of several philatelic societies. He was a founder and the first president of the Philatelic Plate Number Association (1926-1928), as well as the first president and chairman of the board (1930-1940) of its successor, the Bureau Issues Association (now the United States Stamp Society). He was also an authority on the printing of stamps by the United States Bureau of Engraving and Printing.
Each leaf containing data has been photocopied from the original notebooks, with the exception of v. 5, which consists entirely of a printed checklist of Bureau of Engraving and Printing precancels and Presidential series for 1938-1940 (an index sheet noting the contents of v. 5 is present, only).
The presence of blank leaves in the original notebooks is noted in the index sheets and the finding aid.
The volumes are numbered 1 through 26, plus a miscellaneous compilation labelled "vol. xl" (or "HMS notebook prelim. no. 1" by G.W. Brett). There is also a separate index volume containing copies of all the index sheets that Brett created to serve as tables of contents for each volume in the collection.
Letter from the Postmaster General in answer to a resolution of the Senate of February 23, relative to the establishment of a telegraph in connection with the postal system, June 2, 1866.
E.B. Washburne. Union of the telegraph and postal system [to accompany bill H.R. No. 1083], May 18, 1868.
Gardiner G Hubbard; Alexander William Randall; United States. Post Office Dept. Postal telegraph : letter from the Postmaster General, transmitting a report of G.G. Hubbard, esq. of Boston, relative to the establishment of a cheap system of postal telegraph. [Washington, 1869].
Postal Telegraph [to accompany bills H.R. 1083, 1415 and 1689]. Mr. Farnsworth, from the Committee on the Post office and post Roads. February 24, 1869.
In the Senate of the United States. Mr. Ramsey, from the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads, made the following report [to accompany bill S. No. 422] [Washington, D.C. : s.n., January 31, 1870].
C. C. Washburn; United States. Congress House. Postal telegraph in the United States (to accompany H. R. no. 2365] [Washington : s.n., 1870?]
Mr. Palmer. United States. Congress House. Postal telegraph System [to accompany bill H.R. No. 2366] [Washington: July 5, 1870].
Mr. Wood. United States. Congress. House. Telegraph Between United States and Foreign Countries [to accompany bill H.R. No. 2591] [Washington: December 21, 1870].
U.S. Grant. Message of the President of the United States communicating in compliance with the resolution of the Senate of the 14th of June 1870, information in relation to charges made by the International Ocean Telegraph Company upon messages passing over their lines. 41st Congress. Senate Ex. Doc No. 5.
Gardiner G Hubbard. Postal telegraph : memorial of Gardiner G. Hubbard on the subject of postal telegraph system. [Washington, D.C. : s.n., 1871].
Report of the Postmaster General being part of the message and documents communicated to the beginnings of the second session of the forty- second congress. [Washington, D.C.: Government printing Office, 1871.]
United States. Senate. Congress. Report [To accompany bill S. no. 341] ... "A bill to reduce the rates of correspondence by telegraph and to connect the telegraph with the postal service. " [Washington, 1872]
Orton, William. Memorial of the Western Union Telegraph Company, remonstrating against the passage of bill (S. 341) to connect the telegraph with the postal service, and to reduce the rates of correspondence by telegraph. 1872.
James A Garfield; United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. In the matter of the telegraphing of the signal-service reports. [Washington, D.C. : s.n., 1872].
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce. In the Senate of the United States, Mr. Chandler from the Committee on Commerce submitted the following report. [Washington, D.C.? : s.n., 1872?]
United States. Congress. Senate. In the Senate of the United States, Mr. Ramsey submitted the following report to [accompany bill S. 341]. The committee on Post Offices and Post Roads to whom there was recommitted a bill to reduce the rates of correspondence by telegraph and to connect the telegraph with the postal service. 1872.
United States. Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on Appropriations. To connect the telegraph with the postal service. December 19, 1872.
United States. Congress. House of Representatives. Postal telegraph. Proceedings on the Committee on Appropriations in the matter of the postal telegraph. January 23, 1873.
David Ames Wells. The relation of the government to the telegraph, or, a review of the two propositions now pending before Congress for Changing the Telegraphic Service of the Country. New York, 1873.
United States. Congress. Senate. Resolution of the Legislature of Nebraska in favor of the establishment of a postal-telegraph system. 1873.
Gardiner G Hubbard. Memorial of Gardiner G. Hubbard in relation to the postal telegraph. [Washington? : s.n., 1873?]
Collection is open for research.
Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements must be made to view some of the audio visual materials. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Western Union Telegraph Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History