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Robert J. Havighurst Papers 1939-1954

Creator:
Havighurst, Robert J 1900 -  Search this
University of Chicago Committee on Human Development  Search this
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Indian Personality, Education, and Administration Research Project  Search this
Correspondent:
Arthur, Grace  Search this
Benedict, Ruth 1887-1948  Search this
Gonzales, Clara  Search this
Janke, Lester  Search this
Leighton, Dorothea Cross 1908-  Search this
Thompson, Laura 1905-2000  Search this
Physical description:
13 linear feet
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Hopi Oraibi Polacca  Search this
Navaho Navaho Mountain Ramah Shiprock  Search this
Dakota Pine Ridge Kyle Wanblee  Search this
Papago Topawa Hickiwan Gu Vo  Search this
Sia  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Tohono O'Odham Indians  Search this
Zia Indians  Search this
Type:
Psychological tests
Date:
1939-1954
Topic:
Arthur Point Preference Test  Search this
Stewart s Emotional Response Test  Search this
Free drawing test  Search this
Restrictions & Rights:
Most of the collection is restricted to protect the confidentiality of data concerning subjects of tests and interviews
See more items in:
Robert J. Havighurst Papers 1939-1954
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_87755

American Ethnological Society records

Correspondent:
Eggan, Fred, 1906-1991  Search this
Ewbank, Thomas, 1792-1870  Search this
Fischell, A.  Search this
French, Kathrine S. (Kathrine Story), 1922-2006  Search this
Aginsky, Bernard W. (Bernard Willard), 1905-  Search this
Driver, Harold E. (Harold Edson), 1907-1992  Search this
Dwight, Theodore F.  Search this
Goodenough, Ward Hunt  Search this
Gould, Charles N.  Search this
Beals, Ralph L. (Ralph Leon), 1901-1985  Search this
Fried, Morton H. (Morton Herbert), 1923-1986  Search this
Friedl, Ernestine, 1920-2015  Search this
Garfield, Viola Edmundson, 1899-1983  Search this
Goldfrank, Esther Schiff  Search this
Squier, E. G. (Ephraim George), 1821-1888  Search this
Turner, William W. (William Wadden), 1810-1859  Search this
Swadesh, Morris, 1909-1967  Search this
Woodbury, Natalie Ferris Sampson  Search this
Nelson, William Nelson  Search this
Nelson, N. C. (Nels Christian), 1875-1964  Search this
Ray, Verne F. (Verne Frederick), 1905-2003  Search this
Parsons, Elsie Worthington Clews, 1874-1941  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972  Search this
Rouse, Irving, 1913-2006  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Rhodes, Willard, 1901-1992  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Smith, Marian W. (Marian Wesley), 1907-1961  Search this
Service, Elman R. (Elman Rogers), 1915-1996  Search this
Hoebel, E. Adamson (Edward Adamson), 1906-1993  Search this
James, Alice G.  Search this
Keur, Dorothy L. (Dorothy Louise), 1904-1989  Search this
Lesser, Alexander, 1902-1982  Search this
Macgowan, D. I.  Search this
McClellan, Catharine  Search this
Murdock, George Peter, 1897-1985  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Buckley, S. B.  Search this
Bunnell, F. H.  Search this
Codere, Helen F., 1917-2009  Search this
Collier, Donald, 1911-1995  Search this
Dole, Gertrude Evelyn, 1915-2001  Search this
Gulick, William H.  Search this
Creator:
American Ethnological Society  Search this
Anthropologist:
Thompson, Laura, 1905-2000  Search this
Names:
Indian Personality, Education and Administration Research Project  Search this
Institute of Human Values  Search this
United States. Office of Indian Affairs  Search this
Extent:
7 Linear feet (14 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Fiji
Iceland
Guam
Germany
Date:
1834-1964
Summary:
The records of the American Ethnological Society (AES) document its activities from its founding in 1842 through the mid-1960s. The American Ethnological Society is the oldest anthropological association in America. It has been interested in publishing and promoting study of different cultures in the Americas from its founding in 1842 to the present. Materials include correspondence, reports, and financial records relating to the administrative functions of the organization.
Scope and Contents:
The records of the American Ethnological Society (AES) document its activities from its founding in 1842 through the mid-1960s.

The early years of the AES (1840s to 1880) are documented through correspondence, newspaper clippings, and proceedings. The bulk of the collection relates to the administrative functions of the AES from its reorganization in 1906 through 1965 including changes to the constitution and the elections of officers. The offices of Secretary-Treasurer and Editor are well documented through correspondence and reports. There is also a significant amount of correspondence to and from members, financial records, and information on the AES‟ interactions with other organizations such as the American Anthropological Association and the New York Academy of Sciences.
Arrangement note:
The material is arranged in the following series: (1) Early records, 1834-1886; (2) AES Meetings, 1910-1964; (3) Reports of the officers, 1925-1964; (4) Election records: Officer lists, constitutions, and amendments, 1917-1959; (5) Office correspondence, 1924-1956; (6) Membership records, 1862-1960; (6) Publication records, 1934-1962; (7) Financial records, 1902-1962; (8) Miscellany, 1860-1957.
History of the American Ethnological Society:
The American Ethnological Society is the oldest anthropological association in America. It has been interested in publishing and promoting study of different cultures in the Americas from its founding in 1842 to the present.

The American Ethnological Society was founded in 1842 by Albert Gallatin, Secretary of the Treasury under Thomas Jefferson and founder of New York University. Early members were doctors, lawyers, businessmen and included Henry Schoolcraft, William Prescott and Theodore Dwight. Meetings were usually held at the home of the President and accounts of missionaries and explorers, who were "corresponding" members, were read. Local papers frequently covered these meetings. The Society published three periodicals in its early years including Transactions which first appeared in 1845. Interest in the Society declined after the Civil War. In 1906 a group of professional anthropologists led by Franz Boas joined the Society and reorganized it, adding the Office of Editor. Since then, the Society has been very active and has had a strong publications program, beginning with a linguistic series begun by Franz Boas. The Society holds annual meetings, usually in the spring at which prominent anthropologists present their findings. In addition to Franz Boas, the Society has included among its members such famous anthropologists as Ruth Benedict, E. Adamson Hoebel, Margaret Mead and Ward Goodenough.
Provenance:
The treasurer's records dating from 1916 to 1924 were transferred to the archives by the American Museum of Natural History. All other records came to the archives from the American Ethnological Society.
Restrictions:
This collection is stored off-site. Advance notice must be given to view the collection.
The American Ethnological Society records are open for research.

Access to the American Ethnological Society records requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Professional associations  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Citation:
American Ethnological Society records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2007-11
See more items in:
American Ethnological Society records
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2007-11

MS 521 Kiowa, Comanche and Wichita Agency; printed ration lists, with Indian and English names for Kiowa Indians

Creator:
United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Kiowa Agency  Search this
Extent:
6 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Personal names.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 521
General:
Previously titled "Indian Agency Property Return list (Kiowa and Comanche)."
Topic:
Federal-Indian relations -- Kiowa  Search this
Names, Personal -- Kiowa  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 521, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS521
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms521

Sidney S. Wilson and family photographs from Pima Indian Agency

Creator:
Wilson, Sidney S.  Search this
Source:
Wheeler, Roswell G.  Search this
Names:
Gila River Indian Reservation (Ariz.)  Search this
United States. Office of Indian Affairs  Search this
Wilson, Florence L.  Search this
Former owner:
Wheeler, Roswell G.  Search this
Extent:
10 Negatives (photographic)
11 Photographic prints
Culture:
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Date:
1884-1885
1915
1933
Summary:
This collection includes negatives and photographic prints shot or collected at the Pima Indian Agency, now the Gila River Reservation, by Sidney S. Wilson and family members Florence Wilson and Roswell G. Wheeler. Sidney Wilson's sister Florence worked as a teacher at the Agency school during the winter of 1884-1885 while their uncle Roswell Wheeler served as the Indian Agent.
Scope and Contents:
Series 1: Sidney S. Wilson, 1933, includes 10 negatives made by Sidney S. Wilson on his 1933 trip to the Gila River Reservation in Sacaton, Arizona. Wilson met with several of his sister Florence's former Akimel O'odham (Pima) students, including Hugh Patton and Calvin Emerson, and took photographs with them in front of old agency buildings. The photographs with Sidney in the image were likely shot by his wife Anna. Series 2: Roswell G. Wheeler, 1915, includes three photographic prints shot by Ros Wheeler on Easter in 1915. Wheeler had been Indian Inspector of the Pima Indian Agency in the 1880s and returned for a visit in 1915. These include images of Ned Wood and his family and Harvey White and his son. Wood and White were also former students of Florence Wilson in 1884-1885. Series 3: Unknown Photographer, circa 1884, includes eight photographic prints by unknown photographer(s) made around 1884. These images depict school age children, women carrying burden baskets and men on horseback.
Negatives: N22921-N22930, Photographic prints: P15778-P15788.
Arrangement:
Arranged into three series. Series 1: Sidney S. Wilson, 1933; Series 2: Roswell G. Wheeler, 1915; Series 3: Unknown Photographer, 1884.
Biographical / Historical:
During the winter of 1884-1885, Florence L. Wilson (1861-1920), later Mrs. E.E. Flickinger, taught at the Pima Indian Agency School in Sacaton Arizona. Her uncle, Roswell G, Wheeler, had been appointed Indian Agent by President Garfield and he hired Florence, along with an Aunt to teach at the Agency. During her time teaching, one of Florence's tasks was to assign new English names to her Akimel O'odham (Pima) students in addition to teaching them English. Florence wrote letters home to Indiana during this time which were kept by her mother Hepzibah Beulah Wilson.

Florence's younger brother, Sidney S. Wilson (1865-1950) re-discovered the letters, along with other family keepsakes, and in January 1933 traveled to the Pima Agency in Arizona with his wife Anna to see where Florence taught. Wilson sought out several of Florence's students including Ned Wood, Dick Hull and Hugh Patton. Wilson returned to Sacaton, Arizona in 1936 with a picture of his sister Florence that was to hang in the new school building. In 1942, Wilson donated Florence's letters along with photographs to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. The letters are now at Cornell University with the Huntington Free Library collection.
Separated Materials:
The letters from Florence Wilson to her family, initially part of the same donation, were part of the Huntington Free Library collection that were sent to Cornell University. They can now be found here: Correspondence from Pima Indian Agency, Sacaton, Arizona, #9050. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
Provenance:
Gift of Sidney S. Wilson, 1942.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Teachers -- 19th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Sidney S. Wilson and family photographs from Pima Indian Agency, image #, NMAI.AC.156; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.156
See more items in:
Sidney S. Wilson and family photographs from Pima Indian Agency
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-156
Online Media:

MS 942 Fort Peck Agency; printed ration lists, with Indian and English names for Assiniboine Indians

Creator:
United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Fort Peck Agency  Search this
Collector:
Burrows, Millard  Search this
Annotator:
Tucker, Mae W.  Search this
Extent:
11 Pages
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1880s
Scope and Contents:
Lists 635 heads of families. Collected by Millard Burrows [1880?]. Pencil annotations by Mae W. Tucker give negative numbers of photographs in the Bureau of American Ethnology. Library of Congress supposed by Miss Tucker to be the individuals named. In most cases these identifications are spurious.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 942
General:
Prevoiusly titled "Form used for issuing weekly rations at the Fort Peck Agency, Montana Territory."
Topic:
Ration form -- Assiniboin  Search this
Fort Peck (Montana) -- Assinboin families listed  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 942, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS942
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms942

MS 747 Kiowa, Comanche and Wichita Agency; printed ration lists, with Indian and English names for Comanche Indians

Creator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Kiowa Agency  Search this
Extent:
9 Pages
Culture:
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
April, 1885
Scope and Contents:
Contains examples of Comanche names with "the English renderings frequently more translated ad sensum."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 747
Local Note:
Manuscript document, with letter
General:
Previously titled "Personal names on property returns with letter of transmittal."
Topic:
Names, Personal -- Comanche  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 747, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS747
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms747

MS 245 Kiowa, Comanche and Wichita Agency; printed ration lists, with Indian and English names for Caddo, Tawakoni, Wichita, Kichai, and Waco Indians

Collector:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Creator:
United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Kiowa Agency  Search this
Extent:
1 Sheet
Culture:
Caddo  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Tawakoni (Tawakarchu) Wichita  Search this
Kitchai Wichita  Search this
Waco Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sheets
Date:
dated 188-
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 245
Local Note:
Printed forms
Citation:
Manuscript 245, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS245
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms245

MS 1999-24 Oglala Sioux census

Creator:
United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Pine Ridge Agency  Search this
Brennan, John R. (John Richard), 1848-1919  Search this
Extent:
36 Leaves (15 x 9 inches)
Culture:
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Leaves
Census records
Place:
Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota
Date:
1904
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of a census of the Oglala Sioux at the Pine Ridge Agency, South Dakota, taken on June 30, 1904 by Indian agent Major John R. Brennan. The census consists of 938 handwritten entries on 36 leaves.
Biographical / Historical:
The Pine Ridge Reservation was originally part of the Great Sioux Reservation established by the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868, which encompassed approximately 60 million acres of parts of South Dakota, Nebraska and Wyoming. In 1876, the U.S. government violated the treaty of 1868 by opening up 7.7 million acres of the Black Hills to homesteaders and private interests. In 1889 the government divided the remaining area of Great Sioux Reservation into seven separate reservations, including the Pine Ridge Reservation. Major John R. Brennan (d. 1919) was superintendent of Pine Ridge from 1900 to 1917.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1999-24
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Census records
Citation:
Manuscript 1999-24, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.MS1999-24
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1999-24
Online Media:

J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)

Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Names:
Spirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota  Search this
United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Fort Totten Agency  Search this
Extent:
41 Glass plate negatives
41 Copy negatives
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa [White Earth, Minnesota]  Search this
Turtle Mountain Chippewa  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Copy negatives
Photographs
Place:
Devils Lake (N.D.)
North Dakota
Date:
1890-1893
Summary:
This collection includes glass plate negatives shot by J. Harold Waugh, the son of Indian Agent John H. Waugh on the Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) reservation between 1890 and 1893. The agency headquarters were located at Fort Totten in North Dakota and Waugh (Sr.) oversaw both the Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) and Turtle Mountain reservations. J. Harold Waugh's photographs include images of agency buildings, activities on the reservation and members of the Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe] Tribe.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes 41 glass plate negatives and copy negatives shot by J. Harold Waugh, the son of Indian Agent John H. Waugh on the Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) reservation between 1890 and 1893. Waugh, who was a young man at the time, shot photographs documenting the activities at the Fort Totten Agency in North Dakota in addition to taking several group portraits and photographing buildings and landscape views. The buildings Waugh photographed included agency offices, post buildings, Issue buildings, a hotel in Fort Totten, the Episcopal mission, Roman Catholic convent and the Fort Totten Industrial Training School. Waugh shot photographs during several Wahpetonwan Dakota dances (some restricted), on Issue Day, and of a sham battle that took place in front of his house in Fort Totten. He also made portraits of Wahpetonwan Dakota community members, including members of the Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) Indian police force. Several of the group portraits also include his father, John Waugh, and his sister, Edna Waugh. Although the majority of the photographs were made outside, there are several portraits of Minnesota Chippewa [White Earth, Minnesota] girls who were students at the Fort Totten Industrial school which appear to have been shot inside the school. Many of the Wahpetonwan Dakota community members were identified in the original catalog, though name spellings vary. Several photographs still remain unidentified.

The copy negatives were created by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (NMAI's predecessor museum) during a photo conservation project in the 1960s.

N20150 - N20192. N20158 and N20189 were destroyed, no copy negative exists.
Arrangement:
Arranged by catalog number.
John Harold Waugh:
John Harold Waugh, Sr. was born west of Greenville, Pennsylvania in 1853, son of Judge William W. Waugh. Around 1873 he married to Ella M. Hammond, daughter of Dr. Hammond, formerly of Brooklyn, and they had two sons, William Hammond and John Harold, and one daughter, Edna. Waugh was stationed as the Indian agent from 1890-1893 at the Devil's Lake Agency which included the Fort Totten Reservation and Turtle Mountain Reservation in North Dakota. Fort Totten reservation is now part of the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake) in North Dakota. Between 1867 and 1890, Fort Totten served as a military post policing the surrounding reservation inhabited by the Wahpetonwan Dakota, formerly called "Devils Lake Sioux." In 1890 the Fort was decommissioned and on January 5th, 1891 the former post became the property of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

J. Harold Waugh, Jr., born in 1877, was still a young man while his father was stationed in North Dakota. After the death of his father in 1894 he along with his mother and sister moved back to Pennsylvania. Waugh eventually settled in New Jersey and opened an advertising firm. He later donated his negatives to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in 1930 and deposited additional materials with the museum in 1950.
The Fort Totten Industrial Training School:
The Fort Totten Industrial Training School was originally an outgrowth of the mission school established by the Catholics in 1874 and the industrial school established by the order of the Grey Nuns from Montreal. After a fire burned down the main buildings of the mission in 1883 a new mission was built half a mile northeast of Fort Totten. In 1890 when the Fort was decommissioned, the Mission school was consolidated with the Industrial School and placed under the supervision of Superintendent William F. Canfield. Under Canfield the school taught students from the Spirit Lake (Devils Lake) reservation, Turtle Mountain reservation, and Standing Rock reservations in North Dakota, the Fort Peck Reservation in Montana, the White Earth Reservation, Red Lake Reservation, and Leech Lake reservations in Minnesota. Most pupils were enrolled for three to five years and half the school day was devoted to industrial work including harness making, shoemaking, tailoring, carpentry, masonry, blacksmithing, farming and engineering for the boys and cooking, breadmaking, housekeeping, laundry work and sewing for the girls.
Related Materials:
J. Harold Waugh later donated a collection of plains ethnology to the MAI in 1941. These items had been collected by his father John H. Waugh while he was an Indian Agent in North Dakota from 1890-1893. You can view these items here: John Waugh collection items.
Provenance:
Donated by J. Harold Waugh, Jr. in 1930.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Boarding schools  Search this
Indians of North America -- North Dakota  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-143
Online Media:

John C. Casey letter books

Creator:
Casey, John C.  Search this
Names:
United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Seminole Indian Agency  Search this
Bowlegs, Billy, 1808?-1863 or 1864  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot
Culture:
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Letter books
Date:
1848-1856
Summary:
The collection of John C. Casey journals includes three original letter books from Captain John Casey's time in Monterrey, Mexico during the Mexican-American War from 1847-1848 and as an emigration agent at the Seminole Agency in Florida from 1848 to 1856. This covers a period of time that includes the beginning of the third Seminole War. Additionally, one of the letter books also contains a journal of Casey's operations in the Indian Department in Florida from his arrival in August of 1848 until October of 1849.
Scope and Contents:
The collection of John C. Casey journals includes three original letter books from Captain John Casey's time in Monterrey, Mexico during the Mexican-American War from 1847-1848 and as an emigration agent at the Seminole Agency in Florida from 1848 to 1856. This covers a period of time that includes the beginning of the third Seminole War. Additionally, one of the letter books also contains a journal of Casey's operations in the Indian Department in Florida from his arrival in August of 1848 until October of 1849.
Biographical / Historical:
John Charles Casey was born in England in 1809 but emigrated to the United States as a child and settled with his parents in Paterson, New Jersey. In 1925, Casey enrolled at the Military Academy and following graduation he was commissioned as Brevet Second Lieutenant in the Second Regiment of Artillery in Fort Pike, Louisiana. This fort later served as a staging area for the forced migration of Native Americans by way of the Mississippi and Arkansas River to Indian Territory. In 1831 Casey served as assistant professor of chemistry and geology at the Military Academy but was called back to Fort Pike in 1833. In 1835 the Second Artillery was sent to Tampa Bay, Florida due to increasing hostility with the Seminole community. That same year Casey was promoted to First Lieutenant and took part in several skirmishes and minor actions. He also took several trips into the new Indian Territory after being appointed Acting Agent for transferring Seminoles out of Florida. From 1839 to 1841 Casey served as Purchasing Commissary in New York City and in 1842 he was promoted to Captain, 2nd Artillery. In May 1844, Captain Casey was transferred to the 3rd Infantry. During the war with Mexico Casey was ordered to serve as Chief Commissariat of the Army commanded by Major General Zachary Taylor. At the end of the Mexican War, at his own request due to poor health, he was ordered to Fort Brooke in Tampa Bay. There, he had charge of all Commissary duties for the extensive area of southwest Florida.

In 1849 Casey became Commissioner for the Removal of the Seminole Indians from Florida. Casey was considered qualified partly due to his knowledge of the area as well as his friendly relations with Chief Billy Bowlegs. By 1852 the Bureau of Indian Affairs had been transferred from the War Department to the Interior Department and it was concluded that a new special agent be sent to replace Casey. Casey was reappointed Commissioner in 1854 and returned to Fort Brooke despite his failing health. In May of 1854, Jefferson Davis, the Secretary of War, ordered Captain Casey to suspend talks and trade with the Seminole in the belief that only coercive measures would be successful in inducing the Florida tribes to emigrate. Seeing no alternative, Billy Bowlegs led a Seminole war party in December of 1855 against Lt. George Hartsuff's patrol in the Big Cypress starting the Third Seminole War. Captain Casey who had long been fighting tuberculosis died of pulmonary consumption on December 25, 1856. It is said that Casey's remains were taken with Billy Bowlegs on the vessel Grey Cloud when Bowlegs and the remaining Seminoles departed from Edgemont Key at the close of the war in 1858. Efforts to find Casey's burial place have been unsuccessful.

Sources: Wallace, Fred. "The Story of Captain John C. Casey," Florida Historical Quarterly, Vol. 41 No. 2 (Oct 1962), pp127-144
Provenance:
The John C. Casey Copybooks were purchased by the Museum of the American, Heye Foundation from Gilman's Book Store in 1964. They became a part of the NMAI Archive Center in 1990.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Seminole Indians -- Wars  Search this
Mexican War, 1846-1848  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letter books
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Captain John C. Casey Journals; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.029
See more items in:
John C. Casey letter books
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-029
Online Media:

MS 7370 Rosebud Agency Receipt book

Creator:
United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Rosebud Agency  Search this
Donor:
Snow, Patrick  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume
600 Items (ca. 600 pages)
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1881-1882
Scope and Contents:
Record of receipt of articles and packages of Indian goods and supplies.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7370
Topic:
Federal-Indian relations  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7370, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7370
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7370

Canisius family photograph album

Photographer:
Canisius, Kathryn L., 1906-1943  Search this
Compiler:
Canisius, Elizabeth, 1882-1977  Search this
Names:
United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Standing Rock Agency -- Form subdivision--Photographs  Search this
Canisius family -- Form subdivision--Photographs  Search this
Canisius, Kathryn L., 1906-1943 -- Form subdivision--Photographs  Search this
Extent:
1 photograph album (7 x 12 in.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photograph albums
Place:
Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) -- Photographs
Fort Yates (N.D.) -- Photographs
Indianapolis (Ind.) -- Photographs
Date:
1918-1930
Scope and Contents:
The Canisius family photograph album was primarily compiled by Elizabeth Canisius (1882-1977) of Indianapolis, Indiana, and contains photographs made from about 1918 to 1929 by her and various members of her immediate and extended family. Evidently not arranged in chronological order, the photographs document a burgeoning German-American family and their various pursuits. Among the photographs are depictions of unidentified men at work in a shipyard, among them Mrs. Canisius's husband Gustav (1872-1954); unidentified men playing polo or dressed for a game of basketball; men, women, and children posed in front of both urban and rural houses; and choice mid-West vacation spots, including the Great Lakes, Lincoln's tomb and home (Springfield, IL), Turkey Run State Park (IN), and Williams Bay (WI) and its famous Yerkes Observatory.

A good number of the photographs document the young adulthood of Kathryn (Dolly) L. Canisius (1906-1943), the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Canisius. These photographs depict Dolly, her classmates and friends, her teachers, her suitors, her leisure activities, her graduation from high school in 1924, and two years later her apparent graduation from a two-year college. Following her 1926 graduation, Dolly evidently served as an itinerant teacher-in-training and from several teaching posts sent photographs of her young pupils to her mother. These her mother dutifully added to the album, even though Dolly had annotated most of the photographs' versos. Among Dolly's photographs are depictions of her white pupils in a rural mid-West school and of her Native students at Standing Rock Agency in Fort Yates, North Dakota. The Standing Rock photographs consist of depictions of Dolly's female and male Native students posed in groups and on picnics, non-student Natives congregated in town, street scenes, landscape views (including the frozen Missouri River) presumably made just outside of Fort Yates, Agency buildings, and possibly the campus of Saint Bernard Mission School, established by Father Bernard in 1924. There are also several commercially produced photographs, including a studio portrait of Holy Horse distributed by the Northwest Photo Service of Mandan, ND, and a photographic postcard of the "rugged country on Standing Rock Reservation" by Frank B. Fiske. Dolly apparently also traveled as far as Medora, ND, and sent to her mother photographs of the Chateau de Mores, the former home of Medora's founder the Marquis de Mores, and of the Little Missouri River.
Arrangement:
The album arrived at NMAI disbound with some photographs missing from various album pages. The individual album pages were rehoused inside paper envelopes, however original order was maintained.
Biographical / Historical:
Elizabeth Canisius (1882-1977) was the daughter of Frederick Nimz (1845-1921) and Louise Longere (1848-1923). Frederick and Louise were married in 1872 and in 1873 emigrated from Germany to the United States. The couple settled in Indianapolis, IN, where Frederick worked as a carpenter and cabinet maker for a furniture company. They had seven children: Minna Nimz Stelzel (1873-1935), Wilhelm Nimz (1875-1932), Ernestine Nimz Walters (1876-1947), Emma Nimz Crane (1879-1911), Elizabeth Canisius, Katherine Nimz Lang (1885-1973; the donor's grandmother), and Louis Nimz (1887-1966). Elizabeth married Gustav Canisius (1872-1954) and the two lived in Indianapolis, Chicago, IL, and perhaps also Wisconsin. (Elizabeth compiled NMAI's album while living on Congress Street in Indianapolis.) While living in either Chicago or Wisconsin, Gustav worked as a shipfitter on Great Lakes steamers. Kathryn "Dolly" L. Canisius (1906-1943) was the only child of Elizabeth and Gustav. She never married and usually lived with her parents. In 1933, Dolly graduated from Pestalozzi Froebel Teachers College in Chicago.
Provenance:
Donald Kritsch and Barbara Baker;,Gift;,2012;,2012-0065.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Thurs., 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Photographs -- Education -- North Dakota  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Canisius family photograph album; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.026
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-026
Online Media:

Indians at work : special children's number / by Indian children

Author:
Collier, John 1884-1968  Search this
Publisher:
United States Office of Indian Affairs  Search this
Physical description:
51 p. : ill ; 27 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Juvenile literature
Juvenilia
Place:
North America
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1936
[1936?]
Topic:
Indian children  Search this
Industries  Search this
Call number:
E98.C5 I53 1936
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_835569

Indians at work

Author:
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States Office of Indian Affairs  Search this
Subject:
United States Office of Indian Affairs  Search this
Physical description:
13 v. : ill. ; 26-28 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Date:
1933
1945
[1933-1945]
Topic:
Industries  Search this
Indians, Treatment of  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Call number:
E98.I5 I39
E98.I5I39
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_88105

Report of the Department of the Interior for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1907 Volume II Indian affairs, territories

Title:
Indian affairs, territories
Author:
United States Department of the Interior  Search this
United States Office of Indian Affairs  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 706 pages illustrations 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New Mexico
Date:
1907
1869-1934
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Call number:
E93 .U558 1907
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1002597

Proposals for transportation of Indian goods and supplies

Author:
United States Office of Indian Affairs  Search this
Subject:
United States Office of Indian Affairs Appropriations and expenditures  Search this
Physical description:
1 pages 35 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1874
Topic:
Federal aid to Indians  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Expenditures, Public  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Call number:
E93 .P95 1874
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_992466

Instructions to Indian agents and forms to be observed by them in assignments of bounty land warrents granted to Indians

Author:
United States Office of Indian Affairs  Search this
Physical description:
7 pages 19 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1856
Topic:
Indian title  Search this
Land tenure  Search this
Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Land titles--Registration and transfer  Search this
Indians of North America--Land tenure  Search this
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Call number:
E98.L3 I67 1856
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_948191

Proposals for transportation of Indian goods and supplies

Author:
United States Office of Indian Affairs  Search this
Subject:
United States Office of Indian Affairs Appropriations and expenditures  Search this
Physical description:
2 pages 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1875
Topic:
Federal aid to Indians  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Expenditures, Public  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Call number:
E93 .P95 1875
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_948201

Correspondence on the subject of teaching the vernacular in Indian schools : 1887-'88 / United States Indian Office

Title:
Teaching the vernacular in Indian schools
Author:
United States Office of Indian Affairs  Search this
Physical description:
27 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
United States
Date:
1888
Topic:
Education  Search this
Native language and education  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Languages  Search this
Call number:
E97.5 .U55 1888
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_498403

A statement of affairs at Red Cloud Agency : made to the President of the United States / by O.C. Marsh

Author:
Marsh, Othniel Charles 1831-1899  Search this
Subject:
United States Office of Indian Affairs Red Cloud Agency  Search this
Physical description:
38 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Date:
1875
1875]
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_504495

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