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Admiral Alfred M. Pride Papers

Creator:
Pride, Alfred Melville, 1897-1988  Search this
Names:
Lexington (Aircraft carrier : 1927-1942)  Search this
Saratoga (Aircraft carrier : CV-3)  Search this
USS Langley (warship)  Search this
United States. Navy -- Aviation  Search this
United States. Navy -- Reserve fleets  Search this
United States. Navy -- Reserve fleets -- Flying Corps  Search this
United States. Navy. Anacostia Naval Air Station  Search this
United States. Navy. Bureau of Aeronautics [BuAer]  Search this
Extent:
6.54 Cubic feet ((6 records center boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Clippings
Date:
[ca. 1910s-1970s]
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following types of material relating to Pride's illustrious naval aviation career: correspondence, photographs: official documents, such as Naval orders newsclippings; and certificates.
Biographical / Historical:
Admiral Alfred Melville Pride (1897-1988) was a retired four-star admiral who was a pioneer in Navy aviation. Born in Somerville, Massachusetts, Pride attended the Engineering School at Tuft's College before enlisting in the US Naval Reserve Force in 1917. In September 1917, Pride was appointed Ensign in the Naval Reserve Flying Corp where he served in England and France during World War I. Pride was designated a naval aviator in 1918 and was transferred to the regular Navy in November of 1921 and was commissioned a Lieutenant. In September 1921 Pride reported for duty with the aviation detachment of the USS Langley, where he developed the arresting gear to be installed on the Langley and where he carried out experimental take-offs and landings on the aircraft carrier. The Navy sent him to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to study aeronautical engineering. He later served with the original crews on the Navy's next two carriers --the Saratoga and the Lexington, Pride made the first landing of a helicopter on an aircraft carrier in 1931 and from 1934-1936 he was commander of the flight test section at the Anacostia Naval Air Station in Washington, D.C. During World War II, Pride commanded the aircraft carrier Belleau Wood in the South Pacific, conducting air strikes against the Japanese in the following campaigns: Tarawa, Wake and Makin Islands, Kwajalein, Truk, Sampan and Tinian. Pride also commanded the Naval Air Center at Pearl Harbor, directing air support for amphibious landings and played a major role in planning for the invasion of Okinawa and the Japanese home islands. After World War II Pride headed the Navy's Bureau of Aeronautics in Washington, DC, and in 1953 he was selected to command the Seventh Fleet. He retired in 1959.
General:
Additional materials: Uniform and flight were transferred to the National Air and Space Museum Aeronautics Division.
NASMrev
Provenance:
Carol P. Lemeshewsky, Gift, 1989, 1997-0010, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Campaigns -- Pacific Ocean  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Aircraft carriers  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Naval operations, American  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Clippings
Identifier:
NASM.1997.0010
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1997-0010

United States Navy Reserve VP-661 Homecoming Scrapbook

Names:
United States. Navy -- Reserve fleets -- Flying Corps  Search this
United States. Navy -- Reserve fleets -- Flying Corps -- Patrol Squadron (VP) 661  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic Feet ((1 scrapbook))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Date:
1961-1962
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook pertains to the homecoming of Patrol Squadron 661 in 1962. The scrapbook includes the following: narrative, tentative plan of execution, and schedule of events for the homecoming ceremonies; letter of appreciation to families; notification to personnel of ceremonies; press release/fact sheet/unit history; newspaper clippings; notification of radio and television coverage; ten black and white photographs; land etter of appreciation to employers.
Biographical / Historical:
Due to the escalation of international tension brought on by the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961, several naval reserve squadrons were involuntarily recalled (Public Law 87-117) to meet the threat of further Soviet aggression. Patrol Squadron (VP) 661 of the United States Navy Reserve (USNR) was one of these squadrons called to serve on active duty in support of the Berlin Crisis. The squadron was placed under the operational control of Commander Fleet Air Wing FIVE, of the United States Atlantic Fleet. During nine months of duty, the squadron's distinctive orange markings on their Lockheed P2V-5F Neptunes could be seen as far north as Nova Scotia and as far south as the Panama Canal Zone. On June 29, 1962 the squadron returned to the Naval Air Reserve Training Unit (NARTU) Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland. This was the VP 61's second call to active duty; the earlier time had been during the Korean Conflict in 1952.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No donor information, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0584, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Naval aviation  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Lockheed P2V-5F (P-2E) Neptune  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0584
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0584

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