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National Congress of American Indians records

Creator:
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
Names:
Arrow, Inc  Search this
National Tribal Chairmen's Association  Search this
Native American Rights Fund  Search this
United Effort Trust  Search this
United States. American Indian Policy Review Commission  Search this
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States. Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Bronson, Ruth Muskrat  Search this
Curry, James E., 1907-1972  Search this
Deloria, Vine  Search this
Harjo, Suzan Shown  Search this
McNickle, D'Arcy, 1904-1977  Search this
Peterson, Helen L.  Search this
Snake, Reuben, 1937-1993  Search this
Tonasket, Mel  Search this
Trimble, Charles E.  Search this
Extent:
251 Linear feet (597 archival boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Videotapes
Correspondence
Administrative records
Financial records
Audiotapes
Clippings
Date:
1933-1990
bulk 1944-1989
Summary:
The National Congress of American Indian (NCAI), founded in 1944, is the oldest nation-wide American Indian advocacy organization in the United States. The NCAI records document the organization's work, particularly that of its office in Washington, DC, and the wide variety of issues faced by American Indians in the twentieth century. The collection is located in the Cultural Resource Center of the National Museum of the American Indian.
Scope and Contents:
The records of the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) reflect the operations of its Washington, DC, headquarters and, in particular, the activities and responsibilities of its executive director. The papers primarily cover the period 1943 to 1990, although some documents pre-dating NCAI are present. The bulk of the material relates to legislation, lobbying, and NCAI's interactions with various governmental bodies. A large segment also concerns the annual conventions and executive council and executive committee meetings. Finally, the records also document the operations of the NCAI, including personnel, financial, and fundraising material. Materials found throughout the collection include letters, memoranda, handwritten notes, speeches, press releases, newspaper clippings, publications, minutes of meetings, transcripts, reports, agenda, programs, financial records, legislative materials, photographs, and sound recordings.
Arrangement:
The National Congress of American Indians records are arranged in 21 series:

Series 1 -- : NCAI Conventions and Mid-Year Conferences

Series 2 -- : Executive Council and Executive Committee Files

Subseries 2.1: Executive Council

Subseries 2.2: Executive Committee

Subseries 2.3: Executive Committee: Benefit Awards

Series 3 -- : Correspondence Files

Subseries 3.1: Name Files

Subseries 3.2: Chronological Files

Subseries 3.3: Miscellaneous Files

Series 4 -- : Tribal Files

Subseries 4.1: Individual Tribes, Bands and Reservations

Subseries 4.2: Intertribal Organizations

Subseries 4.3: Special Issues

Subseries 4.4: Miscellaneous Tribal Files

Series 5 -- : Records of Indian Interest Organizations

Subseries 5.1: Other Indian Organizations

Subseries 5.2: Non-Indian Support Groups

Subseries 5.3: General Indian Interest Groups

Series 6 -- : NCAI Committees and Special Issue Files

Subseries 6.1: Alaskan Natives

Subseries 6.2: Policy Conference

Subseries 6.3: Religious Freedom and Related Cultural Concerns

Subseries 6.4: Hunting and Fishing Rights

Subseries 6.5: Natural Resources and Indian Water Rights

Subseries 6.6: Nuclear Waste

Subseries 6.7: Solar Bank

Subseries 6.8: AIMS [American Indian Media Surveillance] Committee

Subseries 6.9: HCR 108 and Federal Termination Policies

Subseries 6.10: Emergency Conference of 1954

Subseries 6.11: Jurisdiction --NCAI Commission and Federal Legislation

Subseries 6.12: Law Enforcement

Subseries 6.13: Litigation Committee

Subseries 6.14: Annual Litigation Conference

Subseries 6.15: Trail of Broken Treaties Impact Survey Team

Subseries 6.16: Block Grants

Subseries 6.17: Health and Welfare

Subseries 6.18: Self-Determination and Education

Subseries 6.19: National Conference on Federal Recognition

Subseries 6.20: Economic and Reservation Development

Series -- 7: United Effort Trust (UET)

Subseries 7.1: NCAI and NTCA Joint Committee

Subseries 7.2: Issues

Subseries 7.3: Legislation

Subseries 7.4: News Releases

Subseries 7.5: Indian Organizations

Subseries 7.6: Inter-Tribal Organizations

Subseries 7.7: Non-Indian Organizations

Subseries 7.8: Tribes

Series 8 -- : Attorneys and Legal Interest Groups

Subseries 8.1: Attorneys

Subseries 8.2: Legal Interest Groups

Subseries 8.3: Legal Services

Series 9 -- : Federal Indian Policy and Legislation Files

Subseries 9.1: American Indian Policy Review Task Force

Series 10 -- : Bureau of Indian Affairs

Series 11 -- : State and Local Government Organizations

Series 12 -- : Census

Series 13 -- : General Alpha-Subject Files

Series 14 -- : Records of Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble

Series 15 -- : Records of Suzan S. Harjo

Subseries 15.1: Indian Claims: Eastern Land Claims

Subseries 15.2: Indian Claims: Statute of Limitations

Subseries 15.3: Conference on -- The Indian Reorganization Act - An Assessment and Prospectus Fifty Years Later

Subseries 15.4: Inter-American Indian Institute (IAII)

Subseries 15.5: Institute of American Indian Arts (IAIA)

Subseries 15.6: Institute of the American West (IAW)

Subseries 15.7: Common Cause

Subseries 15.8: Office Files

Series 16 -- : Fund Raising

Subseries 16.1: Gifts, Bequests, and Contributions

Subseries 16.2: Foundations

Subseries 16.3: General --Arrow and NCAI Fund

Series 17 -- : Business and Financial Records Files

Subseries 17.1: Personnel

Series 18 -- : "Give-Away" Files

Series 19 -- : Publications

Subseries 19.1: -- News/Sentinels -- and -- Sentinel Bulletin

Subseries 19.2: Other Publications

Series 20 -- : Photographs

Series 21 -- : Audio and Film Recordings
Biographical / Historical:
The National Congress of America Indians, which describes itself as the oldest and largest American Indian and Alaskan Native organization in the United States, was founded on November 16, 1944, in Denver, CO. NCAI was intended to serve as a link between individual tribal councils and the United States government, by defining and helping to crystallize Indian thought on the administration of Indian affairs. The Congress also aimed to educate the general public about Indians, preserve Indian cultural values, protect treaty rights with the United States, and promote Indian welfare.

At the first convention, delegates representing fifty tribes ratified the constitution and by-laws, drafted resolutions determining the direction of NCAI policy, and elected the organizations' first officers, with Oklahoma Supreme Court Justice Napoleon B. Johnson (Cherokee) as president. The officers, as well as eight elected council members, formed the Executive Council. The Council chose the Executive Director; Ruth Muskrat Bronson (Cherokee) was the organization's first director, from 1944-1948. "Persons of Indian blood" could join the organization either as individuals or as groups. In 1955, however, the constitution was revised to restrict group membership to recognized tribes, committees, or bands, and to make the Executive Council chosen by tribal representatives. These changes gave control of the organization to governing bodies of organized tribes, rather than individuals. A further amendment that year created a five-member Executive Committee, headed by the president, which had all the powers of the Executive Council between council meetings.

Conventions have been held annually in the fall since the formation of the NCAI in 1944. Since 1977, mid-year conferences have been held in May or June of each year, to allow more frequent and thorough discussion of issues. The resolutions passed at these conventions are the basis for all policy of the Executive Committee and Executive Director between meetings. The conventions are also used for informational sessions and meetings of standing and special committees of NCAI. One or two-day workshops may also be held on special topics or Congressional issues of particular concern.

NCAI created a tax-exempt arm in 1949 to accept charitable contributions and apply for grants, the NCAI Fund, which soon changed its name to ARROW, Inc. By 1957, however, ARROW had split off to become an independent organization, and NCAI started a new arm, again called the NCAI Fund. In the coming decades, the NCAI Fund would obtain grants from sources including the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of Veteran Affairs, Indian Health Service, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Ford Foundation, humanities councils and others, which they used for conferences, workshops, publications, and other projects.

In its early years, NCAI fought for the recognition of land claims of Alaska natives, the enfranchisement of Arizona and New Mexico Indians, the equitable settlement of tribal land claims, and the right of Indians to select their own attorneys. The NCAI lobbied vigorously for an Indian Claims Commission Bill, which became law in August 1946. NCAI's lobbying efforts on behalf of this act set the pattern for the organization's future role in legislative matters: keeping member tribes abreast of proposed legislation and ascertaining their views, and maintaining a presence in Congress through lobbying and testimony.

Beginning in 1954, the threat of termination pushed NCAI into a period of increased activity. Although some tribes were ready to terminate their relationship with the federal government, much of Indian Country felt threatened by the government's new stated policy. NCAI therefore organized an Emergency Conference of American Indians for February 1954 to protest this new termination policy. An agreement was forged at the conference between the NCAI and the Bureau of Indian Affairs to work together toward slowly liquidating the BIA. The termination period of the 1950s and 1960s, while challenging, saw NCAI increase in confidence and political acumen.

During the 1960s, a number of other activist Indian groups sprang up and began to dilute the singular influence which NCAI had commanded. Newer, more militant groups often considered themselves at odds with NCAI, which was increasingly perceived as conservative. As the number of Indian advocacy groups grew in the 1960s and 1970s, however, NCAI actively partnered with other organizations, particularly the National Tribal Chairmen's Association (NTCA) and Native American Rights Fund (NARF), on a variety of projects.

Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble (Oglala Dakota) served as Executive Director of NCAI in 1972 until 1977, when he resigned to lead the United Effort Trust, a project designed to fight white backlash to Indian rights. NCAI spent most of the next two years trying to find another permanent director. In 1979, Ronald P. Andrade (Luiseno-Diegueno) joined NCAI and unfortunately found a group that was demoralized and underfunded. He was able to return the organization to good health but left in 1982. Si Whitman (Nez Perce), his successor, remained at NCAI for less than a year.

Suzan Shown Harjo (Cheyenne-Creek) became director of NCAI on May 1, 1984. Prior to taking this postions, she had served as Congressional Liaison for Indian Affairs at the Department of the Interior during the Carter administration and as legislative liaison for the Native American Rights Fund, as well as working for NCAI during the mid-1970s. Harjo was also an active and published poet, as well as a frequent speaker at events around the country. The National Congress of American Indians was particularly active on Capitol Hill while Harjo was director, advocating for government-to-government status, the Tribal Government Tax Status Act of 1983, repatriation legislation, and economic development programs, among other issues. Harjo was herself very involved in the establishment of the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, DC.

The NCAI Fund was very successful in receiving grants during this period, although they were chronically short of operating funds. Some of their most active projects during this period were the Indian and Native Veterans Outreach Program (INVOP), Inter-generational Health Promotion and Education Program (IHPEP), Environmental Handbook and related educational seminars, Solar Bank, nuclear waste disposal and transportation information sessions, and voter registration.

For years, NCAI's operating expenses had been funded by the Ford Foundation and the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). In 1985, the director of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, opposing the use of Federal monies to support outside organizations, began to block the payment for services due to the NCAI. This created a financial crisis from which the NCAI did not recover during Harjo's tenure, and it became the major issue for which she was not rehired in October 1989.

Following the 1989 Annual Convention, Wayne Ducheneaux (Cheyenne River Sioux) became President of NCAI and A. Gay Kingman (Cheyenne River Sioux) was appointed Executive Director. Their first efforts were focused on recovering the financial well-being of the organization, which meant that less attention was devoted to issues in Congress. One of the successful projects NCAI pursued during the next two years was organization and presentation of the Indian pre-conference of the White House Conference on Library and Information Science, which was held in early 1991.

The National Congress of American Indians is still active today, continuing its work of lobbying, support for tribal governments, and advocacy for American Indian issues.
Related Materials:
Other collections at the NMAI Archives Center that include information on the National Congress of American Indians include:

Arrow, Inc., and the American Indian Tribal Court Judges records, 1949-1999 (NMAI.MS.013) James E. Curry papers, 1935-1955 (NMAI.MS.015) National Tribal Chairmen's Association records, 1971-1978 (NMAI.MS.014) Helen L. Peterson papers, 1944-1992 (NMAI.MS.016) Reuben Snake papers, 1971-1996 (NMAI.MS.012)
Provenance:
The National Congress of American Indians designated the National Anthropological Archives (NAA) as its official repository in 1976. This collection was received by NAA in four accessions between 1976 and 1991. It was transferred from NAA to the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center in 2006.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Government relations -- 1934-  Search this
Indians of North America -- Politics and government  Search this
Indians of North America -- Social conditions -- 20th century  Search this
Indians of North America -- Legal status, laws, etc.  Search this
Indian termination policy  Search this
Alaska Natives -- Land tenure  Search this
Indians of North America -- Civil rights  Search this
Indians of North America -- Economic conditions -- 20th century  Search this
Radioactive wastes -- United States -- Management  Search this
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Videotapes
Correspondence
Administrative records
Financial records
Audiotapes
Clippings
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection Title, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.010
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-010
Online Media:

Aboriginal rights claims and the making and remaking of history / Arthur J. Ray

Author:
Ray, Arthur J. 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
xxvi, 333 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Great Britain
Date:
2016
20th century
Topic:
Indigenous peoples--Claims--History  Search this
Indigenous peoples--Legal status, laws, etc--History  Search this
Indigenous peoples--Government policy--History  Search this
Indigenous peoples--Colonization--History  Search this
Indigenous peoples--History  Search this
Colonies  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1105504

The Greenville treaty, 1795 / Helen Hornbeck Tanner

Title:
Greenville treaty in Ohio, 1795
Author:
Tanner, Helen Hornbeck  Search this
Judge:
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Physical description:
71 leaves, 1 folded map : map ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Ohio
Date:
1973
1969
Topic:
Wayne's Campaign, 1794  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1088939

The location of Indian tribes in southeastern Michigan and northern Ohio, 1700-1817 / Helen Hornbeck Tanner

Author:
Tanner, Helen Hornbeck  Search this
Author:
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Physical description:
51 leaves : maps
Type:
Manuscripts
Place:
Michigan
Ohio
Date:
1970
1963
Topic:
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1088946

Navajo sacred places [by] Richard F. Van Valkenburgh. Edited by Clyde Kluckhohn. A short history of the Navajo people [by] Richard F. Van Valkenburgh. Commission findings

Author:
Van Valkenburgh, Richard F  Search this
Van Valkenburgh, Richard F Short history of the Navajo people  Search this
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Physical description:
303 pages illustrations 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1974
Call number:
E99.N3 V28
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_39471

The Red Lake and Pembina Chippewa / Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin, Harold Hickerson

Author:
Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie 1903-1988  Search this
Hickerson, Harold 1923-  Search this
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Physical description:
230 pages : maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1974
Call number:
E99.C6 W455 1974
E99.C6V87r
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_39464

Wilcomb Washburn Papers

Creator:
Washburn, Wilcomb E  Search this
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Physical description:
21 linear feet
Type:
Legal documents
Collection descriptions
Date:
1959-1975
Topic:
Land claims  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_230293

Indian Claims Commission decisions [electronic resource] / [produced by the Oklahoma State University Library in cooperation with the University of Tulsa Law Library]

Title:
Decisions of the Indian Claims Commission
ICC decisions
Author:
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Oklahoma State University Library  Search this
University of Tulsa College of Law Library  Search this
Native American Rights Fund  Search this
Type:
Electronic resources
Cases
Date:
2005
Topic:
Claims  Search this
Call number:
KF8208.A56 U8 2005
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_829582

Before the Indian Claims Commission : the Six Nations, the Seneca Nation of Indians, the Cayuga Nation, the Oneida Nation, the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma, the Oneida Nation of New York, the Oneida Tribe of Wisconsin, petitioners, v. the United States of America, defendant / Paul G. Reilly, Ely M. Aaron, Howard D. Moses [attorneys of record]

Title:
Before the Indian Claims Commission : docket no. 84
Author:
Reilly, Paul G  Search this
Aaron, Ely M  Search this
Moses, Howard D  Search this
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Petitioners:
Six Nations  Search this
Defendant:
United States  Search this
Physical description:
169 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1950
[1950?]
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Call number:
E93 .B44 1950
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_744719

The selling of California : the Indians claims commission and the case of the Indians of California v. the United States / by Susan Lynn Sanchez

Title:
Indians claims commission and the case of the Indians of California v. the United States
Indians of California v. the United States
Author:
Sanchez, Susan Lynn  Search this
Subject:
University of California, Riverside Department of History Dissertations  Search this
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Physical description:
x, 258 leaves : ill., maps ; 28 cm
Type:
Manuscripts
Place:
California
Date:
2003
18th century
Topic:
Claims  Search this
Land tenure  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Land tenure--History  Search this
Call number:
E78.C15 S26 2003
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_765201

United States Indian Claims Commission, August 13, 1946-September 30, 1978 : final report / Commissioners, Jerome K. Kuykendall, chairman ... [et al.]

Author:
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Kuykendall, Jerome K (Jerome Kenneth) 1907-1987  Search this
Subject:
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Physical description:
v, 141 p. : map ([1] fold. in pocket) ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1979
[1979]
Topic:
Claims  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_785031

Before the Indian Claims Commission, docket no. 303 : the Ottawa Tribe, et al., petitioners v. the United States of America, defendant : defendant's amended requested findings of fact, objections to petitioners' proposed findings of fact and brief / Ramsey Clark, Assistant Attorney General ; William D. McFarlane, Attorney for Defendant

Title:
Ottawa Tribe, et al., petitioners v. the United States of America, defendant : defendant's amended requested findings of the fact, objections to petitioners' proposed findings of fact and brief
Author:
Clark, Ramsey 1927-  Search this
McFarlane, William D  Search this
Ottawa Tribe  Search this
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Subject:
Ottawa Tribe Trials, litigation, etc  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 256 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1962
1962]
Topic:
Claims  Search this
Land tenure  Search this
Call number:
E99.O9 B44 1962
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_611247

Historical report : concerning lands ceded to the United States Government by the Blackfeet and Gros Ventre tribes of Indians, residing upon the Blackfeet and Fort Belknap Reservations in the state of Montana, in the agreement of May 1, 1888 / by Merrill G. Burlingame

Title:
Historical report Blackfoot and Gros Ventre lands in Montana
Author:
Burlingame, Merrill G (Merrill Gildea) 1901-  Search this
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Wilkinson, Cragun, Barker & Hawkins  Search this
Physical description:
79 leaves : ill., maps ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Montana
Date:
1973
1957
1973]
Topic:
Claims  Search this
Call number:
E78.M9 B94 1973
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_658756

Wild justice : the people of Geronimo vs. the United States / Michael Lieder and Jake Page

Author:
Lieder, Michael  Search this
Page, Jake  Search this
Subject:
United States Indian Claims Commission History  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 318 p. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1997
C1997
Topic:
Claims--History  Search this
Legal status, laws, etc--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_552434

Before the Indian Claims Commission : docket no. 21 : the Creek Nation of Indians, et al., plaintiffs, against the United States of America : docket no. 172 : the Yuchi (Euchee) tribe of Indians, et al., against the United States of America : reply brief of the Yuchi (Euchee) tribe of Indians to the brief of the Creek Nation of Oklahoma / J.T. Smith, Herbert S. French, Lewis M. Dabney, Jr., attorneys for plaintiffs in docket no. 172

Title:
Reply brief of the Yuchi (Euchee) tribe of Indians to the brief of the Creek Nation of Oklahoma
Author:
Yuchi Indians  Search this
Smith, J. T (John Thomas) 1922-  Search this
French, Herbert S  Search this
Dabney, Lewis M  Search this
Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Oklahoma  Search this
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Physical description:
[ii], 85 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Georgia
Alabama
Date:
195u
195-?]
Topic:
Land tenure  Search this
Claims  Search this
Call number:
E99.Y9 Y93 1950
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_567071

Provisional historical gazeteer with locational notes on Florida colonial communities, 1700-1823 / by Howard F. Cline

Author:
Cline, Howard Francis  Search this
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Physical description:
240 p. : ill., maps ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Gazetteers
Place:
Florida
Date:
1964
Topic:
History  Search this
Names, Indian  Search this
Call number:
E78.F6 C55 1964
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_567309

Their day in court : a history of the Indian Claims Commission / H.D. Rosenthal

Author:
Rosenthal, Harvey D (Harvey Daniel) 1941-  Search this
Subject:
United States Indian Claims Commission History  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 310 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1990
Topic:
Claims--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_489844

Tipi rings : a chronicle of the Jicarilla Apache Land Claim / Robert J. Nordhaus

Author:
Nordhaus, Robert J  Search this
Subject:
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 230 p. : ill., maps ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1995
C1995
Topic:
Claims  Search this
Call number:
E99.J5 N67 1995
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_496328

Irredeemable America : the Indians' estate and land claims / edited by Imre Sutton, with the assistance of Theodore S. Jojola ... [et al.] ; contributions by Ralph L. Beals ... [et al.] ; cartography by William R. Scharf, with the assistance of Thomas Wikle

Author:
Sutton, Imre 1928-  Search this
Beals, Ralph L (Ralph Leon) 1901-1985  Search this
University of New Mexico Institute for Native American Studies  Search this
Subject:
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Physical description:
xxiii, 421 p. : ill., maps ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1985
C1985
Topic:
Claims  Search this
Land tenure  Search this
Call number:
KF8208.I77 1985X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_313919

Docket books [microform] : a record of the documents received by the Indian Claims Commission

Author:
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Physical description:
41 microfiches : negative ; 11 x 15 cm
Type:
Microforms
Date:
1979
C1979
Topic:
Claims  Search this
Call number:
mfc 987n
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_331577

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