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New York Airways Collection

Creator:
Wheatland, Richard, II, 1923-2009  Search this
Names:
Air Transport Association of America  Search this
American Helicopter Society  Search this
Bell Helicopter Company  Search this
Civil Aeronautics Board  Search this
Civil Aeronautics Board  Search this
Eastern Airlines, Inc.  Search this
International Air Transport Association  Search this
Los Angeles Airways  Search this
New York Airways  Search this
Pan American World Airways, Inc.  Search this
Port of New York Authority  Search this
Sikorsky (Aircraft manufacturer)  Search this
Trans World Airlines  Search this
Extent:
7.63 Cubic feet (7 records center boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Clippings
Ephemera
Financial records
Photographs
Publications
Manuscripts
Reports
Timetables
Date:
1929-1971
bulk 1952-1969
Summary:
Collection consists of materials created by and collected by Richard Wheatland II during the period when he served as a Vice President of New York Airways (1953-1968), a helicopter airline operating in the New York City metropolitan area from 1952-1977.
Scope and Contents:
The collection includes a variety of material, probably collected by Richard Wheatland II (1923-2009) during the period 1953-1968 when he served as a Vice President of New York Airways (NYA). The material reflects the administration of the airline and many of the activities of its president, Robert L. Cummings, Jr., as well as its dealings with organizations such as the Air Transport Association (ATA), American Helicopter Society, Bell Helicopter, Eastern Air Lines, the Grand Central Building, the International Air Transport Association (IATA), Pan America World Airways (Pan Am), the Port of New York Authority (PONYA), Sikorsky, Trans World Airlines (TWA), other organizations interested in helicopter operations, and the federal government. In addition to administrative correspondence, memoranda, proposals, employee operations manuals, speeches, and reports, there are also a large number of manuscripts and publications, clippings, timetables and other ephemera, and a small number of photographs.

New York Airways' fleet included several helicopter models over the airline's lifetime, including the Sikorsky S-55, Sikorsky S-58, Bell 47H (used for charter work), Vertol V-44 (civil version of the Piasecki H-21 Workhorse), Boeing-Vertol Model 107, and Sikorsky S-61L and S-61N models. The collection contains materials relating to these aircraft and helicopter operations in general as well as other vertical flight and short take off and landing (STOL) aircraft including the Cierva CR Twin (CR LTH.1, Grasshopper III), Hughes H-500, Hiller FH-1100, Bell 206 JetRanger, and Fairchild (Pilatus) Porter (Heli-Porter, Turbo-Porter).

In addition to the material directly relating to NYA, the collection includes material on topics of interest to the NYA executives. This includes information on the other two helicopter carriers, Los Angeles Airways (LAA) and Helicopter Air Services (HAS) of Chicago, as well as the later San Francisco & Oakland Helicopter Airlines (SFO), and other international, national, and local airlines. Also included are a large number of materials directly relating to air transportation and urban planning issues in the New York City metropolitan area (including northern New Jersey), particularly those related to the airports NYA served: Newark International Airport (IATA airport code EWR) and Teterboro Airport (TEB) in New Jersey, LaGuardia Airport (LGA), West 30th Street Heliport (JRA), Downtown Manhattan/Wall Street Heliport (JRB), Pan Am Building Heliport (JPB), and New York International Airport, Anderson Field, commonly known as "Idlewild" (IDL). New York International Airport was renamed as John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK) on December 24, 1963.

Series 2I (1973 Acquisition) contains more of Wheatland's personal notes on various topics, and also includes materials on topics of general business executive interest such as public speaking and management techniques.
Arrangement:
Contents are in original order as received by NASM Archives. Folders in both series are arranged (roughly) in alphabetical by original folder title. Materials within the folders in Series 2 (1973 Acquisition) tend to appear in reverse chronological order. Multiple copies of the same materials may appear in different folders.

Digital images of materials in this collection were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping, orientation, and color variations. Some materials may not be visible online due to copyright restrictions.
Biographical / Historical:
Incorporated on August 31, 1949, New York Airways (NYA), one of the first three helicopter carriers certificated by the United States Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB), began mail service between New York City's three major airports on October 15, 1952, and on July 8, 1953, inaugurated the world's first regularly scheduled passenger helicopter service. As was the case with all of the helicopter carriers, NYA depended heavily on government subsidies for its economic health, but worked steadily towards its goal of financial self-sufficiency, extending its routes into nearby Connecticut and New Jersey, carrying freight, and doing charter work. In October 1955, NYA signed joint fare agreements with many national and international airlines, promoting their service by making it easier for passengers transferring to and from the major New York City airports to go "all the way by air." As ground traffic in the New York metropolitan area became increasingly congested, NYA, based at LaGuardia Airport, worked closely with the Port of New York Authority (PONYA) to establish heliports on the island of Manhattan, inaugurating service into the West 30th Street Heliport in 1956 and the Wall Street Heliport (at Pier 6 on the East River) in 1960. In December 1956, as part of a campaign to break the color barrier in the airline industry, NYA hired pilot Perry H. Young, Jr.; Young made his first regularly scheduled flight for NYA as a co-pilot on February 5, 1957, becoming the the first Black pilot for a commercial airline in the United States.

High operating costs continued to be an issue for all of the helicopter carriers, and in 1958, after continuing criticism from the CAB on the subject of alleged excessive costs and increasing subsidy need, NYA was forced to suspend some services. In 1961 Congress put a ceiling on helicopter carrier subsidy payments. The 1964-1965 New York World's Fair provided NYA the opportunity to add passenger and sightseeing service to and from the rooftop heliport of the Port of New York Authority Building at the Fair. Ever seeking a way to reduce its need for government subsidies (which were eventually withdrawn), in June 1965 NYA entered into operating support agreements with Trans World Airlines (TWA) and Pan American World Airways, whose passengers were some of NYA's biggest customers. NYA is perhaps most famous for its regularly scheduled passenger service from the rooftop heliport atop the Pan Am Building, inaugurated on December 21, 1965. Though undeniably glamorous, the noisy NYA helicopters were not appreciated by many of their midtown Manhattan neighbors. Service to the Pan Am Building heliport was cancelled on February 18, 1968, due to inadequate passenger loads, then was briefly resumed in early 1977 until a fatal accident on May 16, 1977, ended NYA service from the heliport. Already suffering from financial setbacks and rising fuel prices, NYA ceased operations permanently following a fatal accident at Newark International Airport on April 18, 1979, and filed for bankruptcy the following month in May 1979.

Richard Wheatland II, born in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1923, served in the United States Navy from 1943-1946 as a deck officer on a destroyer-minelayer in the Pacific; after his discharge he did one year of graduate work in government at Harvard University and then attended Columbia Law School, receiving his law degree in 1949. From 1950 to 1952, Wheatland was based in Paris, France, employed by the US Government in a division of the Office of the Special Representative in Europe for the Marshall Plan. Wheatland returned to New York to join New York Airways in January 1953 as the Manager of the airline's Traffic and Sales Department, and soon became NYA's Vice President of Sales and Service. He was married in 1954 to Cynthia McAdoo. Wheatland left the company in 1968 to take a position in his native home of Boston, and died peacefully at his home on June 26, 2009.

NOTE: The airline covered by this collection, New York Airways (1951), should not be confused with an earlier New York Airways (1927) which was founded July 8, 1927, operated as a subsidiary of Pan American Airways, and was sold to Eastern Air Transport on July 15, 1931. It should also not be confused with the unrelated but similarly named New York Air (owned by Frank Lorenzo's Texas Air Corporation) which was founded in late 1980 and ceased operations on February 1, 1987, when it merged with Continental Airlines.
Provenance:
Richard Wheatland II, Gift, 1973, 1992, NASM.1992.0052
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Air mail service  Search this
Airports  Search this
Airports -- New York  Search this
Helicopters  Search this
Helicopter transportation  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Clippings
Ephemera -- 1940-1970
Financial records
Photographs
Publications
Manuscripts
Reports
Timetables
Citation:
New York Airways Collection, Acc. NASM.1992.0052, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1992.0052
See more items in:
New York Airways Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1992-0052
Online Media:

Legislative history of H.R. 15963 (Department of Transportation Act), P.L. 89-670

Creator:
United States. Department of Transportation Act, 1966.  Search this
United States. Civil Aeronautics Board  Search this
United States. Congress (89th, 2nd session : 1966)  Search this
Former owner:
United States. Civil Aeronautics Board. Library  Search this
Extent:
4 Volumes ((approx. 2900 p. in various pagings), 29 cm.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1966
Summary:
A collection of official U.S. government documents relating to the legislative history of the 1966 Department of Transportation Act, prepared by the Civil Aeronautics Board for the use of its own staff.Types of materials in the collection include: presidential messages; bills of the 89th Congress (House and Senate) in various stages of the legislative process; amendments; committee prints and hearings; a copy of Public Law 89-670; excerpts from the Congressional record; typed and signed Civil Aeronautics Board inter- and intra-office correspondence; memoranda and other miscellaneous documents.
Arrangement note:
Organized into four series: 1. Aviation bills. 2. Hearings and reports. 3. Congressional record excerpts (continued into first half of v. 4). 4. Letters, memoranda and misc. material.
General note:
Title from typed t.p. inserted at front of each v.
Topic:
Transportation -- Law and legislation -- United States  Search this
Legislative histories -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
SIL-RR.XXXX-0002
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sil-rr-xxxx-0002

Annual report of the Civil Aeronautics Board

Author:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board  Search this
Subject:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board  Search this
Physical description:
23 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Date:
1941
1966
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Call number:
TL521.U523r
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_98478

Handbook of airline statistics

Author:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Research and Statistics Division  Search this
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Costs and Statistics Division  Search this
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Accounting, Cost, and Statistics Division  Search this
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Statistical Data Division  Search this
Physical description:
9 v. : ill. ; 21 x 26-27 x 34 cm
Type:
Statistics
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Date:
1956
1973
1960-[1974?]
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Call number:
TL521.A242X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_370584

Orders / the United States of America, Civil Aeronautics Board

Title:
Order
Economic order
Author:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board  Search this
Physical description:
v. ; 28 cm
Type:
Cases
Place:
United States
Date:
1940
19uu
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial--Law and legislation  Search this
Call number:
HE9925.U5 U59
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_734277

Quarterly interim financial results. Certificated route air carriers and charter air carriers

Title:
Certificated route air carriers and charter air carriers
Interim financial results
Author:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Data Systems Management Division Financial Section  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Statistics
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Date:
197u
19uu
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Call number:
HE9782 .Q37
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_740218

Air carrier industry scheduled service traffic statistics / prepared by Financial Data Branch, Data Administration Division, Office of Aviation Information Management

Title:
Air carrier industry scheduled service traffic statistics quarterly <3rd quarter, 1985- >
Author:
United States Office of Aviation Information Management  Search this
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Data Systems Management Division Financial Data Section  Search this
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Office of Comptroller Financial Data Section  Search this
United States Department of Transportation Office of Airline Statistics  Search this
United States Office of Airline Information  Search this
Physical description:
v. ; 28 cm
Type:
Statistics
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Date:
1981
1981-
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Call number:
TL535.5 .A255
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_742113

Federal Aviation Act : hearings before a subcommittee of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, House of Representatives, Eighty-fifth Congress, second session, on H.R. 12616, a bill to create an independent Federal Aviation Agency, to provide for the safe and efficient use of the airspace by both civil and military operations, and to provide for the regulation and promotion of civil aviation in such manner as to best foster its development and safety

Title:
Federal Aviation Act of 1958: hearings and reports,conference report, public law 58-726
Hearings before a subcommittee of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, House of Representatives, Eighty-fifth Congress, second session
H.R. 12616
Author:
United States Congress House Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce Subcommittee on Transportation and Communications  Search this
United States Congress (85th, 2nd session : 1958) House  Search this
United States Federal Aviation Act of 1958  Search this
Former owner:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Library DSI  Search this
Subject:
United States Federal Aviation Agency  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 361 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1958
Topic:
Aeronautics--Law and legislation  Search this
Call number:
TL521 .A5417 1958X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_745889

Federal Aviation Act of 1958 : Mr. Harris, from the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, submitted the following report (to accompany S. 3880)

Title:
Federal Aviation Act of 1958: hearings and reports,conference report, public law 58-726
Mr. Harris, from the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, submitted the following report (to accompany S. 3880)
Report (to accompany S. 3880)
Author:
United States Congress House Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce  Search this
United States Congress (85th, 2nd session : 1958) House  Search this
United States Federal Aviation Act of 1958  Search this
Former owner:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Library DSI  Search this
Subject:
United States Federal Aviation Agency  Search this
Physical description:
29 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1958
1958]
Topic:
Aeronautics--Law and legislation  Search this
Call number:
TL521 .A5417 1958X
HE9803.A4 U6 1958
TL521 .A5417 1958X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_745890

Federal Aviation Act of 1958 : Mr. Harris, from the committee of conference, submitted the following conference report (to accompany S. 3880)

Title:
Federal Aviation Act of 1958: hearings and reports,conference report, public law 58-726
Mr. Harris, from the committee of conference, submitted the following conference report (to accompany S. 3880)
Conference report (to accompany S. 3880)
Author:
United States Congress House  Search this
United States Congress (85th, 2nd session : 1958) House  Search this
United States Federal Aviation Act of 1958  Search this
Former owner:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Library DSI  Search this
Subject:
United States Federal Aviation Agency  Search this
Physical description:
91 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1958
1958]
Topic:
Aeronautics--Law and legislation  Search this
Call number:
TL521 .A5417 1958X
HE9803.A4 U64 1958
TL521 .A5417 1958X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_745891

An act to continue the Civil Aeronautics Board as an agency of the United States, to create a Federal Aviation Agency, to provide for the regulation and promotion of civil aviation in such manner as to best foster its development and safety, and to provide for the safe and efficient use of the airspace by both civil and military aircraft, and for other purposes

Title:
Public Law 85-726, 85th Congress, S. 3880, August 23, 1958
Federal Aviation Act of 1958: hearings and reports,conference report, public law 58-726
Author:
United States  Search this
United States Congress (85th, 2nd session : 1958)  Search this
Former owner:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Library DSI  Search this
Subject:
United States Federal Aviation Agency  Search this
United States Civil Aeronautics Board  Search this
Physical description:
81 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1958
1958]
Topic:
Aeronautics--Law and legislation  Search this
Call number:
HE9803.A4 U6 1958
TL521 .A5417 1958X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_745893

Aeronautical statutes and related material : the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 and other provisions relating to civil aeronautics / compiled by the Office of the General Counsel of the Civil Aeronautics Board

Author:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Office of the General Counsel  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 436 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1963
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial--Law and legislation  Search this
Call number:
KF2400.A325 U55 1963
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_758749

Regulation of transportation of passengers and property by aircraft. Hearings before a subcommittee of the Committee on Interstate Commerce, United States Senate, Seventy-fifth Congress, first session, on S. 2, a bill to amend the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended, by providing for the regulation of the transportation of passengers and property by aircraft in interstate commerce, and for other purposes, and S. 1760, a bill to promote the safety of scheduled air transportation, March 8 to April 12, 1937

Title:
Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938. Hearings, reports, acts
Author:
United States Congress Senate Committee on Interstate Commerce  Search this
Former owner:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Library DSI  Search this
Physical description:
2 pt. tables. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1937
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial--Law and legislation  Search this
Aeronautics--Safety measures  Search this
Transportation--Law and legislation  Search this
Call number:
KF26 .I6 1935
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_601907

Regulation of transportation of property and passengers by air carriers : Mr. Bulwinkle, from the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, submitted the following report (to accompany H.R. 7273)

Title:
Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938. Hearings, reports, acts
Regulation of transportation by air carriers
Author:
United States Congress House Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce  Search this
Former owner:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Library DSI  Search this
Physical description:
29 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1937
1937]
Topic:
Transportation--Law and legislation  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial--Law and legislation  Search this
Call number:
KF26 .I6 1935
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_601908

Air Transport Act, 1937 : Mr Truman, from the Committee on Interstate Commerce, submitted the following report (to accompany S. 2)

Title:
Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938. Hearings, reports, acts
Author:
United States Congress Senate Committee on Interstate Commerce  Search this
Former owner:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Library DSI  Search this
Physical description:
3 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1937
1937]
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial--Law and legislation  Search this
Call number:
KF26 .I6 1935
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_601909

Air Safety Act, 1937 : Mr. Truman, from the Committee on Interstate Commerce, submitted the following report (to accompany S. 1760)

Title:
Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938. Hearings, reports, acts
Author:
United States Congress Senate Committee on Interstate Commerce  Search this
Former owner:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Library DSI  Search this
Physical description:
3 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1937
1937]
Topic:
Aeronautics--Safety measures  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial--Law and legislation  Search this
Call number:
KF26 .I6 1935
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_601910

Civil aviation and air transport. Hearings before a subcommittee of the Committee on Interstate Commerce, United States Senate, Seventy-fifth Congress, third session, on S. 3659, a bill to promote the development and safety and to provide for the regulation of civil aviation and air transport. April 6 and 7, 1938

Title:
Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938. Hearings, reports, acts
Author:
United States Congress Senate Committee on Interstate Commerce  Search this
Former owner:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Library DSI  Search this
Physical description:
iii, 175 p. incl. tables. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1938
Topic:
Aeronautics--Safety measures  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial--Law and legislation  Search this
Call number:
KF26 .I6 1935
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_601911

Civil Aeronautics Authority. Hearings before the Committee on Commerce, United States Senate, Seventy-fifth Congress, third session, on S. 3760, a bill to create a Civil Aeronautics Authority to provide for the regulation of civil aeronautics, and for other purposes. April 5, 1938

Title:
Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938. Hearings, reports, acts
Author:
United States Congress Senate Committee on Commerce  Search this
Former owner:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Library DSI  Search this
Subject:
United States Civil Aeronautics Authority  Search this
Physical description:
ii, 16 p. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1938
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial--Law and legislation  Search this
Call number:
KF26 .I6 1935
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_601912

Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938 : Mr. Copeland, from the Committee on Commerce, submitted the following report (to accompany S. 3845)

Title:
Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938. Hearings, reports, acts
Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938
Author:
United States Congress Senate Committee on Commerce  Search this
Former owner:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Library DSI  Search this
Subject:
United States Civil Aeronautics Authority  Search this
Physical description:
2 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1938
1938]
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial--Law and legislation  Search this
Call number:
KF26 .I6 1935
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_601913

To create a Civil Aeronautics Authority : hearings before the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, House of Representatives, Seventy-fifth Congress, third session, on H.R. 9738, to create a Civil Aeronautics Authority, to provide for the regulation of civil aeronautics, and for other purposes : March 10, 11, 22, 23, 24, 25, 29, 30, 31 and April 1, 1938

Title:
Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938. Hearings, reports, acts
Author:
United States Congress House Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce  Search this
Former owner:
United States Civil Aeronautics Board Library DSI  Search this
Subject:
United States Civil Aeronautics Authority  Search this
Physical description:
iii, 470 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1938
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial--Law and legislation  Search this
Call number:
KF26 .I6 1935
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_601914

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