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Grace F. Thorpe Collection

Creator:
Thorpe, Grace F.  Search this
Names:
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.)  Search this
Abourezk, James G., 1931-  Search this
Seely, Dagmar  Search this
Thorpe, Charlotte  Search this
Thorpe, Jim, 1887-1953  Search this
Extent:
3.5 Linear feet
2,175 Photographic prints
166 negatives (photographic)
27 nitrate negatives
113 slides (photographs)
5 contact sheets
Culture:
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Nitrate negatives
Slides (photographs)
Contact sheets
Place:
Oklahoma
Arizona
Japan -- 1940-1950
Pearl River (N.Y.)
Jim Thorpe (Pa.)
Date:
1900-2008
Scope and Contents:
The Grace F. Thorpe Collection (1900-2008) includes documents, photographic prints, slides, negatives and other materials that encapsulate the breadth of Grace Thorpe's life and work as a WWII veteran, Native rights activist, and dedicated daughter, mother and family member. This includes material from her personal, military and professional life. Series 1: Early Life and Family History (1921-1940) includes materials related to the Thorpe family including photographs of Grace's parents, Jim and Iva at the Carlisle Indian School as well as letters and photographs from Grace as a young girl. Series 2: Military Career and Life in Japan (1943-1950) includes documents, photographic prints and negatives from Grace's time as a Corporal in the Women's Army Corps and her life as a wife and mother in Japan following the war. This series also includes the medals Grace received for her service in WWII. Series 3: Pearl River, New York and Business (1950-1967) contains documents and photographs from Grace's time as a mother and business woman in Pearl River, New York. Series 4: Working on Behalf of Native Americans and Activism (1968-1977) includes documents, photographic prints and negatives from Grace's work with various Native American organizations on economic and civil rights issues following her move to Arizona in 1967. Series 5: Jim Thorpe and His Legacy (1912-1984) includes documents, photographic prints and negatives regarding Jim Thorpe and the work by the Thorpe family to restore Jim's Olympic record and keep his legacy alive. Series 6: Later Years (1979-2007) includes documents, photographic prints and negatives from Grace's life in Oklahoma, her work as an environmental activist, and other activities later in her life.
Arrangement:
This collection has been arranged in six series chronologically based on how the collection was received with minor changes. The Series' include--Series 1: Early Life and Family History (1921-1940), Series 2: Military Career and Life in Japan (1943-1950), Series 3: Pearl River, New York and Business (1950-1967), Series 4: Working on Behalf of Native Americans and Activism (1968-1977), Series 5: Jim Thorpe and His Legacy (1912-1984), and Series 6: Later Years (1979-2007). There is some chronological crossover between Series 5: Jim Thorpe and His Legacy and the rest of the collection.

The physical arrangement of the materials was determined by storage needs.
Biographical / Historical:
Grace Frances Thorpe was born in Yale, Oklahoma on December 10, 1921 to parents James (Jim) Francis Thorpe (Sac and Fox (Sauk)) and Iva Margaret Miller Thorpe. Jim, already a famed athelete and olympic medalist, had met Iva as students at Carlisle Indian School and were married in 1913. Grace was the youngest of four, Gail Margaret, James and Charlotte Marie though her brother James died from polio at a young age. When Iva and Jim divorced in 1923, Iva and the girls moved to Chicago while Jim moved to California to pursue work in the movies. For school, Grace attended St. Mary's Academy, Sacred Heart, in Oklahoma and Haskell Institute in Kansas, which was where her father had attended school.

In 1943 Grace worked briefly at the Ford Motor Company before enlisting in the Women's Army Corps (WAC) during WWII. After attending training and graduating from the WAAC Training Center in Ft. Oglethorpe, Georgia, Thorpe attained the rank of Corporal, and served as a Recruiter for the Women's Army Corps stationed in Tucson and Camp White in Oregon before being assigned overseas to the New Guinea Campaign. From 1944-1945 Corporal Thorpe was stationed in New Guinea, Philippines and Japan. Following an Honorable Discharge in 1945, Grace remained in Japan during the occupation with her husband Lieutenant Fred W. Seely (1918-2008) whom she married in June 1946. She became employed at General MacArthur Headquarters as Chief of the Recruitment Section, Department of Army Civilians, Tokyo, Japan. Both of her children, Dagmar (1946-) and Paul Thorpe (1948-1964) were born during this time in Japan.

Grace and her children left Japan and arrived in San Francisco on April 20, 1950. They lived in Pearl River, New York from late 1950 to the mid 1960s. She first became employed as a Hostess with Welcome Wagon upon completing training in July of 1951 and later became a supervisor, business machine salesperson, and territorial account executive for the Yellow Pages with the Reuben H. Donnelly Corp. earning recognition in Distinguished Sales Performance. She completed a course in effective speaking and human relations conducted by the Dale Carnegie Institute and won a Best Speech Award. In 1967, Grace moved to Arizona where she became involved with American Indian tribes. Grace was appointed Economic Development Conference Coordinator for the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI)'s 1968 and 1969 conferences. In 1969-1970, Grace joined Native American Activists at the occupation of Alcatraz Island for three months and managed their publicity. She then served as a Congressional Intern from 1974-1975 for Senator James Abourezk. Grace was later appointed Legislative Assistant with the Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs and as a Task Force Program and Planning Analyst for the American Indian Policy Review Commission. During this time period she attended—The Antioch School of Law, Washington DC; Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Research Fellow), Boston, Massachusetts; University of Tennessee, Knoxville and Northeastern University, Tahlequah, Oklahoma. During this time she also began working on the restoration of her father's 1912 Olympic titles as well as other projects to recognize and honor her father.

After returning to her tribal homeland in Oklahoma she became active in tribal affairs and in 1983 successfully restored her father's Olympic record. She also conducted genealogical research on the Thorpe family. Her article "The Jim Thorpe Family' was published as a two-part series in the Chronicles of Oklahoma in 1981. In later years, Grace served her tribe as a tribal judge, health commissioner, and became an environmental activist opposing nuclear waste on tribal lands. She remained active in Native American issues, a matriarch of the Thorpe family, and involved with her granddaughter, Tena Malotte, and her great-grandchildren, Aspen and Huna.

Biographical note provided by Dagmar Seely, daughter to Grace Thorpe, with additions by Rachel Menyuk, Processing Archivist.
Separated Materials:
27 nitrate negatives have been moved offsite and are being housed at the National Anthropological Archives.
Provenance:
Donated by Dr. Dagmar Seely and Tena Malotte, 2015.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Yellow pages  Search this
United States. Army. Women's Army Corps  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- New Guinea.  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Japan.  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Philippines.  Search this
Alcatraz Island (Calif.) -- History -- Indian occupation, 1969-1971.  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace F. Thorpe Collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.085
See more items in:
Grace F. Thorpe Collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-085
Online Media:

Busy? -- Stay lovely, too! [Print advertising.]

Advertiser:
Procter & Gamble Company  Search this
Donor:
Procter & Gamble Company  Search this
Collection Creator:
Procter & Gamble Company  Search this
Leyendecker, J. C., 1874-1951  Search this
Smith, Jessie Willcox, 1863-1935  Search this
Elliott, Elizabeth Shippen Green  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (col., 39.5 x 27.5 cm.)
Container:
Box 25, Folder 4 (1943)
Type:
Archival materials
Print advertising
Date:
1943
Scope and Contents:
Illustrations: 3 paintings of working women in different situations.
Local Numbers:
Ivorydata4 31

0207910020 (Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Reproduction restrictions due to copyright.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Women in advertising  Search this
United States. Army. Women's Army Corps  Search this
Husbands  Search this
Wives  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Women employees  Search this
Beauty, Personal  Search this
Feminine beauty (Aesthetics)  Search this
Soap  Search this
Complexion  Search this
Genre/Form:
Print advertising
Collection Citation:
Ivory Soap Collection, 1883-1998, undated; Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Procter & Gamble.
See more items in:
Ivory Soap Advertising Collection
Ivory Soap Advertising Collection / Series 1: Ivory Soap Products Advertisements / Advertisements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0791-ref1587

How to win an Engagement. [Print advertising.] Women's publications

Creator:
Procter & Gamble Company  Search this
Collection Creator:
Procter & Gamble Company  Search this
Leyendecker, J. C., 1874-1951  Search this
Smith, Jessie Willcox, 1863-1935  Search this
Elliott, Elizabeth Shippen Green  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (col., 41 x 29 cm.)
Container:
Box 18, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Print advertising
Date:
1942
Scope and Contents:
Caption: "How to win an Engagement". WAAC; man reading letter.
Published Mar.-Apr. 1943.
Local Numbers:
245621

Ivorydata4 1478

0307910283 (Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Reproduction restrictions due to copyright.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
United States. Army. Women's Army Corps  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Beauty, Personal  Search this
Women  Search this
Men  Search this
Courtship  Search this
Complexion  Search this
Genre/Form:
Print advertising
Collection Citation:
Ivory Soap Collection, 1883-1998, undated; Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Procter & Gamble.
See more items in:
Ivory Soap Advertising Collection
Ivory Soap Advertising Collection / Series 1: Ivory Soap Products Advertisements / Advertisements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0791-ref2694

Margaret V. Dunham, standing at bank of instruments, 1943

Subject:
Dunham, Margaret V  Search this
United States Army Women's Army Corps  Search this
United States Army Chemical Warfare Service Medical Division  Search this
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1943
Topic:
Biology  Search this
Chemistry  Search this
Women scientists  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-1478]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_308445

How four black women took on the Army during World War II

Author:
Bolzenius, Sandra M. 1959-  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Women's Army Corps History  Search this
Physical description:
xxii, 208 pages, 14 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Fort Devens (Mass.)
Date:
2018
20th century
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Participation, African-American  Search this
Trials (Military offenses)--History  Search this
Strikes and lockouts--History  Search this
African American soldiers--History  Search this
Women soldiers--History  Search this
Race discrimination--History  Search this
Sex discrimination against women--History  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Women  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1093963

WACS at work, the story of the "three B's" of the AAF, by Fjeril Hess

Author:
Hess, Fjeril 1892-1975  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Women's Army Corps  Search this
Physical description:
4 p. l., 181, [1] p. illus. pl. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1945
Call number:
UA565.W6 H4X
UA565.W6H4X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_57683

An officer and a lady : the World War II letters of Lt. Col. Betty Bandel, Women's Army Corps / edited by Sylvia J. Bugbee ; with an introduction by Lorry M. Fenner

Author:
Bandel, Betty 1912-  Search this
Bugbee, Sylvia J  Search this
Subject:
Bandel, Betty 1912-  Search this
United States Army Women's Army Corps  Search this
United States Army Women  Search this
United States Army Officers  Search this
Physical description:
xxiv, 222 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Correspondence
Personal narratives, American
Place:
United States
Date:
2004
C2004
Topic:
Women soldiers  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Female  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_740298

Serving our country : Japanese American women in the military during World War II / Brenda L. Moore

Author:
Moore, Brenda L. 1950-  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Women's Army Corps History  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 211 p., [8] p. of plates : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2003
C2003
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Japanese American  Search this
Japanese American women--History  Search this
Women soldiers  Search this
Ethnic relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_762436

Creating GI Jane : sexuality and power in the Women's Army Corps during World War II / Leisa D. Meyer

Author:
Meyer, Leisa D  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Women's Army Corps  Search this
Physical description:
x, 260 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1996
C1996
Topic:
Sociology, Military  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Women  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_509260

They're all yours, Uncle Sam! By Barsis

Author:
Barsis, Max 1894-  Search this
Bookseller:
Smith, Ray DSI  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Women's Army Corps Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
United States Naval Reserve Women's Reserve Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Physical description:
[103] p. illus. (some col.) 23 cm
Type:
Caricatures and cartoons
Date:
1943
C1943
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
American wit and humor, Pictorial  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.B2939x B3t 1943
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_509398

The Women's Army Corps : a commemoration of World War II service

Author:
Bellafaire, Judith 1954-  Search this
Center of Military History  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Women's Army Corps History  Search this
Physical description:
28 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1993
[1993?]
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Women  Search this
Call number:
D769.39 .B45 1993
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_517611

"We served America too!" : personal recollections of African Americans in the Women's Army Corps during World War II / Janet Sims-Wood

Author:
Sims-Wood, Janet L. 1945-  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Women's Army Corps Biography  Search this
Physical description:
[4], 290 leaves
Type:
Biography
Date:
1997
1994
Topic:
African American soldiers  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Female  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Participation, African American  Search this
Call number:
D810.N4 S56 1994a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_521902

Emmaline goes to war / by Emma Chenault Kelly ; edited by Alice E. Tolle

Author:
Kelly, Emma Chenault 1905-  Search this
Tolle, Alice Elizabeth  Search this
Subject:
Kelly, Emma Chenault 1905-  Search this
United States Army Women's Army Corps Biography  Search this
Physical description:
163 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Personal narratives
Place:
United States
Date:
1992
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Women soldiers--Biography  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_539242

Physical fitness training for women

Author:
United States Department of the Army  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Women's Army Corps Physical training Handbooks, manuals, etc  Search this
Physical description:
205 p. : ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1975
Topic:
Physical fitness for women--Handbooks, manuals, etc  Search this
Call number:
U323 .U55 1975
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_549015

Duty, a living memorial / by Deborah A. Lewis

Author:
Lewis, Deborah A  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Women's Army Corps History  Search this
Physical description:
187 p. : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1992
C1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_549889

A Date with destiny

Title:
Mine eyes have seen the glory
Author:
Women's Army Corps Foundation  Search this
Women's Army Corps Museum  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Women's Army Corps History Pictorial works  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : ill. (some col.), map ; 17 x 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1992
Call number:
UA565.W6 D3 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_553597

WACs : Women's Army Corps / Vera S. Williams

Author:
Williams, Vera S. 1960-  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Women's Army Corps History  Search this
Physical description:
160 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 27 x 27 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1997
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_591728

The good soldier : a story of a Southwest Pacific Signal Corps WAC / by Selene H.C. Weise

Author:
Weise, Selene H. C. 1921-  Search this
Subject:
Weise, Selene H. C. 1921-  Search this
United States Army Women's Army Corps  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 232 p. : ill., plans ; 24 cm
Type:
Personal narratives
Biography
Place:
Pacific Area
United States
Date:
1999
C1999
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Women soldiers  Search this
History, Military  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_594464

One woman's Army : a Black officer remembers the WAC / Charity Adams Earley

Author:
Earley, Charity Adams 1918-2002  Search this
Subject:
Earley, Charity Adams 1918-2002  Search this
United States Army Women's Army Corps Biography  Search this
Physical description:
x, 218 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Personal narratives
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1989
C1989
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Women soldiers--Biography  Search this
African American soldiers  Search this
Call number:
D811.E23 1989X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_405182

The Women's Army Corps, 1945-1978 / by Bettie J. Morden

Author:
Morden, Bettie J. 1921-  Search this
Center of Military History  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Women's Army Corps History  Search this
Physical description:
xix, 543 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1990
Call number:
UA565.W6M67 1990X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_418641

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