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Sidney Simon papers

Creator:
Simon, Sidney, 1917-1997  Search this
Names:
Budd (Firm : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Century Association (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Colby College  Search this
Graham Gallery  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture. School -- Faculty  Search this
United States. Army. Corps of Engineers  Search this
Emmerich, André  Search this
Gonzalez, Xavier, 1898-1993  Search this
Gotfryd, Bernard  Search this
Hélion, Jacqueline  Search this
Jencks, Penelope  Search this
Kelly, Ellsworth, 1923- -- Photographs  Search this
King, William, 1925-2015  Search this
Meredith, Burgess, 1907-1997  Search this
Motherwell, Robert -- Photographs  Search this
Nevelson, Louise, 1899-1988 -- Photographs  Search this
Pousette-Dart, Richard, 1916-1992  Search this
Watson, Forbes, 1880-1960  Search this
Extent:
8 Linear feet
2.21 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Photographs
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Interviews
Illustrated letters
Diaries
Date:
circa 1917-2002
bulk 1940-1997
Summary:
The papers of sculptor, painter, and educator Sidney Simon measure 8.0 linear feet and 2.21 GB and date from circa 1917-2002, with the bulk of the papers dating from 1940-1997. The collection documents Simon's career through biographical material, correspondence, writings and notes, subject files, sketches, sketchbooks, printed and digital material, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of sculptor, painter, and educator Sidney Simon measure 8.0 linear feet and 2.21 GB and date from circa 1917-2002, with the bulk of the papers dating from 1940-1997. The collection documents Simon's career through biographical material, correspondence, writings and notes, subject files, sketches, sketchbooks, printed and digital material, and photographs.

Biographical material chronicles Simon's academic training and professional activities through curriculum vitae, biographical accounts, and awards. Included are letters and memoranda, many from Forbes Watson pertaining to Simon's service as a combat artist in World War II. Also found is a transcript of an interview with Simon recounting his experiences in the Southwest Pacific. Simon's personal correspondence with colleagues, friends, and family includes scattered letters from Jacqueline Helion, Penelope Jencks, William King, Burgess Meredith, among others. Many letters are illustrated by Sidney Simon and others. General correspondence includes letters from artists, galleries, museums, public and religious institutions primarily relating to Simon's exhibitions and commissioned projects. Among the correspondents are Castle Hill, Truro Center for the Arts, Colby College, André Emmerich, Eric Makler Gallery, Xavier Gonzalez, Graham Gallery, and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Interspersed among the files are letters of a personal nature. Other correspondence relates to Simon's faculty positions and his activities in professional organizations, e.g., Century Association, National Academy of the Fine Arts, and the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture.

Writings and notes include Simon's 1943 diary entries recording his activities in the Army Corps of Engineers, draft versions of writings and lectures, and notes. Included are digital audio recordings of Simon's lectures at the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture. Subject files provide documentation on Simon's commissioned projects, select exhibitions and competitions, as well as his faculty positions and memberships in several arts organizations. Printed material consists of clippings, invitations, announcements, newsletters, and programs. Exhibition catalogs are of Simon's solo and group shows at galleries, museums, and art organizations from 1959-1966. Photographs are of Simon by Budd Brothers, Richard Pousette-Dart, and Bernard Gotfryd. There are a number of photographs of the artist in his studio and outdoors as well as of Simon's family and friends, including group photographs with Ellsworth Kelly, André Emmerich, Robert Motherwell, and Louise Nevelson. Also found are three personal and family albums and twenty-one photograph albums of Simon's paintings and sculptures.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 9 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1940-1998 (Boxes 1, 9; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1936-2002 (Boxes 1-2; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, 1943, circa 1960-1997 (Box 2; 0.4 linear feet, ER01-ER03; 2.21 GB)

Series 4: Subject Files, 1940-1941, 1951-1997 (Boxes 2-4, 9; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 5: Sketches, 1937-1942 (Box 4; 1 folder)

Series 6: Sketchbooks, 1939-1995 (Boxes 4-5, 9; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Printed Material, circa 1933, 1942-1998 (Box 5; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 8: Scrapbooks, 1978-1995 (Box 5; 0.1 linear feet)

Series 9: Photographs, circa 1917-1997 (Boxes 5-11; 3.0 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Sidney Simon (1917-1997) was a sculptor, painter, and educator who worked primarily in New York City and Truro, Massachusetts. Simon was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. At the age of 14, he won a place as a special student at the Carnegie Institute of Technology. He received a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1934 and from the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1936. Simon also studied at the Barnes Foundation from 1937-1940. Simon received professional recognition early in his career; he was awarded the Prix de Rome Collaborative Prize in 1939 and the Edwin Austin Abbey Fellowship in mural painting in 1945.

In 1941, Simon enlisted in the U.S. Army and served in the Army Corps of Engineers. Assigned to MacArthur's headquarters as an official war artist for the Southwest Pacific Theater, Simon was chosen to paint the signing of the peace treaty between the U.S. and Japan aboard the U.S.S. Missouri. He was discharged from the army with a Bronze Star and five presidential citations. In 1945, along with Bill Cummings and Henry Varnum Poor, Simon co-founded the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, where he later served as a director and a member of the Board of Governors. By the mid-1950s, Simon's interest shifted from painting to sculpture, creating works in wood, clay, and other media. Over the years, Simon collaborated with architects on a number of public and private commissions, including the doorway for the Downstate Medical Center, the Jewish Chapel at West Point, a playground sculpture for Prospect Park, and the totemic column for the Temple Beth Abraham. In addition to serving on the faculty at Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, Simon also taught at the Art Students League, Brooklyn Museum, and Parsons School of Design. An active champion of artists' rights, Simon established the New York Artists Equity Association. He participated in solo and group shows at the Graham Gallery, Provincetown Art Association and Museum, and the Sculptors Guild, among other venues.

In 1997, Sidney Simon died at the age of 80 in Truro, Massachusetts. Simon was divorced from Joan Crowell in 1964. He is survived by his wife, Renee Adriance Simon and five children from his first and second marriages.
Related Materials:
The Archives has two oral history interviews with Sidney Simon conducted by Paul Cummings in October 17-November 8, 1973 and the Karl E. Fortress taped interviews with artists, [1963-1985].
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds materials lent for microfilming (reel D210) including biographical material, correspondence, sketchbooks, scrapbooks, and photographs of Sidney Simon. Lent materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Sidney Simon lent the Archives of American Art material for microfilming in 1965. Rene Simon, Simon's widow, donated the Sidney Simon papers in 2009.
Restrictions:
Use of original material requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Sidney Simon papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
War artists  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Personal narratives  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Campaigns -- Pacific Area  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Artists' studios -- New York (State) -- New York -- Photographs  Search this
Educators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Interviews
Illustrated letters
Diaries
Citation:
Sidney Simon papers, circa 1917-2002, bulk 1940-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.simosidn
See more items in:
Sidney Simon papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-simosidn

Report upon United States Geographical surveys west of the one hundredth meridian / in charge of Capt. Geo. M. Wheeler ; under the direction of the Chief of Engineers, U.S. Army ; published by authority of the Honorable the Secretary of War, in accordance with acts of Congress of June 23, 1874, and February 15, 1875 ; in seven volumes and one supplement, accompanied by one topographic and one geologic atlas

Title:
Engineer Department, U.S. Army
Report upon United States Geographical and Geological explorations and surveys west of the one hundredth meridian
United States Geographical surveys west of 100th meridian
United States Geographical surveys west of the one hundredth meridian
Geographical surveys west of the one hundredth meridian
Geographical surveys west of 100th meridian
United States Geographical and Geological explorations and surveys west of the one hundredth meridian
Geographical and Geological explorations and surveys west of the one hundredth meridian
Explorations and surveys west of the one hundredth meridian
Wheeler survey
Wheeler report
Author:
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
Humphreys, A. A (Andrew Atkinson) 1810-1883  Search this
Wright, Horatio Gouverneur 1820-1899  Search this
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Lithographer:
Bien, Julius 1826-1909  Search this
Photographer:
Bell, William 1830-1910  Search this
O'Sullivan, Timothy H. 1840-1882  Search this
Former owner:
Matthews, E. O. DSI  Search this
Brown, S. C. DSI  Search this
Dwight, Jonathan 1858-1929 DSI  Search this
Tucker, Marcia Brady DSI  Search this
Illustrator:
Weyss, Herman & Mahlo  Search this
Weyss, Herman & Aguirre  Search this
Weyss, Herman & Lang  Search this
Photolithographer:
Graphic Company  Search this
Compiler:
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Physical description:
7 volumes in 8 : illustrations (lithographs, heliotypes, photolithographs, some color), maps (some color) ; 30 cm + 2 atlases (49 x 61 cm)
Type:
Electronic resources
Surveys
Maps
Place:
West (U.S.)
United States
Date:
1875
1889
1875-1889
Topic:
Natural history  Search this
Geology  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Languages  Search this
Discovery and exploration  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Surveys  Search this
Call number:
QE74 .W45 1875
QE74.W6X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_151572

Grubeulepis westoni

Collector:
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico  Search this
Depth (m):
21 - 21
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Mississippi Sound, Off Alabama, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
31 Mar 1981
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Grubeulepis westoni Pettibone, 1986
USNM Number:
97608
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/31e4e74d2-700b-4b85-a70f-3b23c09c672f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_777164

Grubeulepis westoni

Collector:
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Expedition:
Mississippi Sound Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico  Search this
Depth (m):
18.9 - 18.9
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Mississippi Sound, Alabama, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
3 Nov 1980
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Grubeulepis westoni Pettibone, 1986
Grubeulepis mexicana (Berkeley & Berkeley, 1939)
USNM Number:
75450
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/36ba3f366-8d88-47f6-b549-91e1a486f100
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_755222

Aricidea wassi

Collector:
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Expedition:
Mississippi Sound Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico  Search this
Depth (m):
17.4 - 17.4
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Mississippi Sound, Alabama, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
3 Nov 1980
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Aricidea wassi Pettibone, 1965
USNM Number:
75567
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/376339d77-05da-4d3b-83e8-ef441ecc51b7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_755339

Ancistrosyllis jonesi

Collector:
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Expedition:
Mississippi Sound Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico  Search this
Depth (m):
2.6 - 2.6
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Mississippi Sound, Mississippi, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
23 Oct 1980
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Ancistrosyllis jonesi Pettibone, 1966
USNM Number:
75599
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/385f1fe74-8246-4b3f-a179-a179a0f56d84
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_755371

Sigambra wassi

Collector:
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Expedition:
Mississippi Sound Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico  Search this
Depth (m):
6.6 - 6.6
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Mississippi Sound, Mississippi, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
7 Nov 1980
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Sigambra wassi Pettibone, 1966
USNM Number:
75609
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/35a7dcf36-f45d-40f5-8990-2b34e6d22222
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_755381

Phyllohartmania taylori

Collector:
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Expedition:
Mississippi Sound Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico  Search this
Depth (m):
12.2 - 12.2
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Mississippi Sound, Alabama, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
29 Oct 1980
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Phyllohartmania taylori Pettibone, 1961
USNM Number:
75622
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3d1e820ee-876d-471e-8fcc-742937f30ac5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_755394

Phyllohartmania taylori

Collector:
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Expedition:
Mississippi Sound Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico  Search this
Depth (m):
12.2 - 12.2
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Mississippi Sound, Alabama, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
1 Apr 1981
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Phyllohartmania taylori Pettibone, 1961
USNM Number:
75623
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/35483c36a-3111-4128-9ae4-9c5877d6a03a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_755395

Spiophanes berkeleyorum

Collector:
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Expedition:
Mississippi Sound Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico  Search this
Depth (m):
14.9 - 14.9
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Mississippi Sound, Mississippi, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
30 Mar 1981
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Spiophanes berkeleyorum Pettibone, 1962
USNM Number:
75672
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3b29dd4f0-49d7-4965-9cc3-79636dafd530
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_755447

Brania wellfleetensis

Collector:
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Expedition:
Mississippi Sound Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico  Search this
Depth (m):
11.1 - 11.1
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Mississippi Sound, Mississippi, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
5 Nov 1980
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Brania wellfleetensis Pettibone, 1956
USNM Number:
75676
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3b16389d8-d526-43be-a540-2567cff1bf22
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_755451

[Cathedral Park, Panama City : picture postcard.]

Topic:
Ethnic Imagery Project, Archives Center
Collector:
Blenkle, Victor A., Dr., 1900-1978 (physician)  Search this
Creator:
Sucesion de I.L. Maduro, jr., Panama, Panama  Search this
Names:
United States -- Diplomatic Relations -- Panama  Search this
United States. Army -- Corps of Engineers  Search this
Collection Creator:
National Philatelic Collection, Smithsonian Institution.  Search this
Blenkle, Victor A., Dr., 1900-1978 (physician)  Search this
Collection Source:
Extractive Industries, Division of.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (color, 3-1/2" x 5-1/2".)
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Panama Canal (Panama)
Gatun Locks, Canal Zone, Panama
Canal Zone
Scope and Contents:
Color illustration with bilingual caption, "Electric mule towing ocean liner through Gatun Locks, Panama Canal." The image depicts an electric vehicle pulling on a cord with men walking up a flight of stairs next to it.
General:
Series II, Box 23, Foreign--Panama--General.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Civil engineering  Search this
Locks and dams  Search this
Electricity  Search this
Ocean liners  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards -- 1900-1920
Picture postcards -- 1900-1920
Collection Citation:
Victor A. Blenkle Postcard Collection, c. 1880-c. 1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution,
See more items in:
Victor A. Blenkle Postcard Collection
Victor A. Blenkle Postcard Collection / Series 2: Geographical Locations outside the United States / Panama / General
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0200-ref2295

Jewelry, United States Army Corps of Engineers

Materials:
Sterling Silver
Solder
Dimensions:
3-D: 7.1 × 0.8 × 1cm (2 13/16 × 5/16 × 3/8 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Inventory Number:
A19950380000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv943c2cf22-8c50-4763-931b-a1b1771eb355
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19950380000
Online Media:

United States Army Corps of Engineers Lapel Pin

Medium:
metal
Dimensions:
11/16 × 1 in. (1.8 × 2.6 cm)
Type:
pin
Accession Number:
2003.0024.0250
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Anacostia Community Museum Collection
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dl855876f2a-79d7-459e-a62c-6c91b27385b7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:acm_2003.0024.0250
Online Media:

Cossura soyeri

Collector:
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Expedition:
Mississippi Sound Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico  Search this
Depth (m):
2.6 - 2.6
Prep Count:
1
Preparation:
SEM Stub
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Remarks:
Stub 7
Place:
Mississippi Sound, Mississippi, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
23 Oct 1980
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Cossura soyeri Laubier, 1964
USNM Number:
75445
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/35d1843c9-56bf-4271-a525-264083071c64
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_755217

Nereis lamellosa

Collector:
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Expedition:
Mississippi Sound Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico  Search this
Depth (m):
3.5 - 3.5
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Mississippi Sound, Mississippi, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
22 Oct 1980
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Nereis lamellosa Ehlers, 1868
USNM Number:
75527
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/35f728cbd-c511-436a-a831-2d48a05c0124
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_755299

Nereis lamellosa

Collector:
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Expedition:
Mississippi Sound Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico  Search this
Depth (m):
2.6 - 2.6
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Mississippi Sound, Mississippi, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
23 Oct 1980
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Nereis lamellosa Ehlers, 1868
USNM Number:
75528
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/35597c1ca-9e26-492e-9d6b-b90496774955
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_755300

MS 7086 Nanticoke River Maintenance Dredging Project. Nanticoke River, Sussex County, Delaware

Creator:
Delaware Department of State Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs  Search this
United States. Army. Corps of Engineers  Search this
Extent:
31 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1976
Scope and Contents:
Reconnaissance report. Appendices include purchase order, map, correspondence, photos and inventory of artifacts.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7086
Topic:
Nanticoke River -- Sussex County -- Delaware -- Archeology  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7086, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7086
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7086

Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the "Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian" and associated papers

Names:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Fryxell, Fritiof, 1900-1986 (author)  Search this
Wheeler, George M. (George Montague), 1842-1905  Search this
Publisher:
United States. Army. Corps of Engineers  Search this
Photographer:
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Extent:
1 Folder (Papers :)
70 Stereographs (albumen)
Culture:
Ute Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Mohave Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Stereographs
Photographs
Place:
Zuni (N.M.)
Chelly, Canyon de (Ariz.)
Grand Canyon (Ariz.)
Colorado River
Date:
1871-1874
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made on the geographical explorations and surveys west of the 100th meridian, under Lieutenant George M. Wheeler, War Department, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A. 1871-74. They include images of expedition party members, archeological sites, pueblos, Southwest Indians (including Zuni, Navajo, Apache, Coyotero Apache, Jicarilla Apache, Ute, and Mohave Indians), and scenic views in Canyon de Chelly, canyons of the Colorado River (including the Grand Canyon and Black Canyon), Apache Lake, and the Cerro Blanco Mountains.

The collection includes two complete sets of the stereographs published by the War Department Corps of Engineers, which were collected by John R. Swanton and Alice C. Fletcher, and an incomplete set donated by Vincent McMullen. It also includes lists and notes (circa 1935-1948) regarding the photographs prepared by F. M. Fryxell and Bruno Klinger, as well as stereographs published by the Corps of Engineers.
Biographical/Historical note:
The geographical surveys west of the 100th meridian were operated under the United States Army Corps of Engineers and supervised by First Lieutenant (later Captain) George Montague Wheeler from 1869 through 1879. They documented American Indian tribes and geography in the region, in order to make accurate maps; selected possible sites for military installations and rail or common roads; and noted resources in the area. In total, the surveys analyzed the region now covered by Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon, and the expeditions produced 164 maps, 41 publications, and a series of stereoviews. Timothy H. O'Sullivan began photographing geographical surveys in 1867-1869 when he was official photographer for Clarence King's United States Geological Exploration of the 40th Parallel. He served as official photographer for the Wheeler surveys in 1871, 1872, and 1874, with William Bell taking over in 1873. O'Sullivan would go on to become the United States Geological Survey's first photographer in Washington, DC.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4501, NAA MS 4500, NAA MS 4499, NAA Photo Lot 4558
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Descriptive lists and notes relating to the expedition photographs, previously filed in MS 4499, have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 4501. These notes also relate to the Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian and form part of this collection.
Complete sets of Wheeler Expedition stereographs published by the Corps of Engineers, previously filed in MS 4500 and Photo Lot 4558, have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 4501. These stereographs are duplicate sets and form part of this collection.
Additional O'Sullivan and Bell photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo lot 40, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 97, and Photo Lot 167.
Contained in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
See others in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian, 1871-1874
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Stereographs
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 4501, Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the "Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian" and associated papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4501
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4501

Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian

Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
54 albumen prints
7 copy negatives
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Ute  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Copy negatives
Place:
Chelly, Canyon de (Ariz.)
Arizona
Colorado
New Mexico
Idaho
Date:
1871-1874
Summary:
This collection contains photographs documenting American Indian communities and landscape scenes in the Southwest photographed by Timothy O'Sullivan and William Bell for U.S. geographical surveys circa 1971-1974.
Scope and Contents:
P01730, P01731, P01733, P01735, P01743-P01792 (copy negatives: N34849-N34851, N34853- N34855, N35051)

This collection contains 54 photographs (plus 7 copy negatives) that were shot by photographer Timothy O'Sullivan 1871, 1873, and 1874 and William Bell in 1872 for the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian, under Lieutenant George M. Wheeler, War Department, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A. The survey was commonly referred to as the "Wheeler Surveys."

The photographs depict American Indian Pueblos in the Southwest including Apache; A:shiwi (Zuni); Diné (Navajo); Hopi; Jicarilla Apache; Laguna Pueblo; Mohave; San Felipe Pueblo; Taos Pueblo; and Ute, among other communities. In addition, the collection contains landscape and scenic shot in the same region.

The bulk of the photos in this collection are one half of a stereoscope photograph that was never pasted onto a stereoscope card. The copy negatives in this collection were created by the Museum of the American Indian in the late 1960s.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged by year and subject matter.
Biographical / Historical:
The geographical surveys west of the 100th meridian were operated under the United States Army Corps of Engineers and supervised by First Lieutenant (later Captain) George Montague Wheeler from 1869 through 1879. They were intended to document the geography in order to make accurate maps, record locations of American Indian tribes in the region, select possible sites for military installations and rail or common roads, and note resources in the area. In total, the surveys analyzed the region now covered by Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon, and the expeditions produced 164 maps, 41 publications, and a series of stereoviews. Timothy H. O'Sullivan began photographing geographical surveys in 1867-1869 when he was the official photographer for Clarence King's United States Geological Exploration of the 40th Parallel. He served as the official photographer for the Wheeler surveys in 1871, 1873, and 1874, with William Bell taking over in 1872. O'Sullivan later became the United States Geological Survey's first photographer in Washington, D.C.

[History note from the National Anthropological Archives collection record NAA.PhotoLot.167 with edits made by NMAI]
Provenance:
It is unclear when most of these photographs were obtained by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.229
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-229
Online Media:

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