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You Are Needed Now / Join the Army Nurse Corps / Apply at Your Red Cross Recruiting Station. U.S

Creator:
Green, Ruzzie (artist?)  Search this
United States. Army Nurse Corps  Search this
Collection Creator:
Princeton University  Search this
Extent:
1 Poster (1/2 size; Multi-color, 79 x 52 cm)
Container:
Map-folder 428
Type:
Archival materials
Posters
Place:
United States
Date:
1943 Jun
Image:
Main Image: Young Woman in a Army Nurse Corps uniform
Local numbers:
Princeton Poster# 3315
General:
Issued by: Army Nurse Corps

Artist(s): Ruzzie Green
Series:
Poster 710-A
Printing Info:
Printing Information: Racine, Wisconsin Other Printing Info: LIPABA Union Label S.A. No.54

Property of Princeton [...] Received FEB 4 1944
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright status of items varies. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Recruiting and enlistment  Search this
Women's War Work  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Women in war  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Posters -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Posters
Posters -- World War, 1939-1945 -- United States
Collection Citation:
Princeton University Posters Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Princeton University Poster Collection
Princeton University Poster Collection / Series 4: World War Two / United States
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep85df91488-17f9-43c0-94b0-4ef6d3d57191
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0433-ref14960

Bridgewater Family Papers

Creator:
Bridgewater, Herbert Ford, 1908-1970  Search this
Bridgewater, Leon Archibald, 1905-1968  Search this
Harrell, Charles Henry, 1878-1948  Search this
Harrell, Mary Bridgewater, 1893-1981  Search this
Harrell, Arthur Samuel, 1916-1963  Search this
Harrell, Charles Henry, Jr., 1914-1948  Search this
Harrell, Arthur Samuel, Jr., 1948-1981  Search this
Harrell, Mary Trahan, 1927-2000  Search this
Harrell, Cornelius Eckart  Search this
Bridgewater  Search this
Bridgewater, Octavia Marie, 1903-1985  Search this
Harrell, Richard Francis  Search this
Darby, Sophia Bridgewater, 1894-1990  Search this
Bridgewater, Samuel, 1862-1912  Search this
Bridgewater, Mamie Anderson, 1872-1950  Search this
Donor:
Campbell, Janet Harrell  Search this
Harrell, Jules  Search this
Names:
Lincoln School for Nurses  Search this
Pleasant Hour Club (Helena, Mont.)  Search this
Society for the Relief of Worthy Aged Indigent Colored Persons  Search this
United States. Army Nurse Corps  Search this
United States. Army. Cavalry, 9th  Search this
Extent:
21 Cubic feet (64 document boxes, one oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Baptismal certificates
Scrapbooks
Marriage certificates
Diplomas
Photographs
Place:
Montana
Louisiana
United States -- Race relations
Date:
1880-2017
undated
Summary:
Papers and photographs documenting the lives and descendants of Samuel and Mamie Anderson Bridgewater of Helena, Montana.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the lives of the family and descendants of Samuel and Mamie Anderson Bridgwater. The papers primarily belonged to the family and descendants of their daughter Mary Emma (1893-1981), who married Charles H. Harrell (1878-1948), a Pullman porter. The collection includes materials from collateral relatives and from those who married into the Bridgewater and Harrell families. The women of these families were extensively involved in community, religious, and social organizations. The collection contains materials about social and religious life in the relatively small African-American communities surrounding Helena, Montana. It also contains family papers including Samuel and Mamie's marriage certificate from 1892; educational memorabilia and school diplomas; scrapbooks and photogaphs documenting family members, vacations, life events and friends; baptismal records; hand-written birth and death entries; and correspondence between family members and friends living in other states.

The collection includes records of many of Montana's social and religious organizations from the 1890s to the 1950s, including the Colored Women's Clubs of America; the Pleasant Hour Club in Helena; the Helena Negro Chorus; the local chapter of the Society for the Relief of Worthy, Aged, Indigent Colored Persons, Pleasant House Club; and numerous Baptist and Roman Catholic congregations. Generations of women in the Bridgewater and Harrell families were members or officers of these organizations. The collection contains records and photographs relating to several African-American and integrated churches in Helena. Friends and community members, primarily other African-American Montanans, are represented in the collection as well.

Photographs and other documents record the lives of nearby neighbors and friends as well as lives of more distant family members and friends. Subjects covered in the collection are: the formerly enslaved parents of Samuel and Mamie Bridgwater; Samuel Bridgwater and his fellow Buffalo soldiers; Octavia Bridgewater's experiences at the Lincoln School of Nursing in New York City; Octavia Bridgewater's service with a segregated unit of the Army Nurse Corps in World War II while stationed at the Tuskegee Air Base, Alabama and her later life after returning to civilian life in Helena when she worked mostly as a midwife.

Some of the arrangement of the collection was done by family members prior to its donation to the Archives Center. The families had a vigorous and wide ranging network of family and friends in Montana and elsewhere in the United States, and materials related to all family members and friends may be found across multiple series.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into five series.

Series 1: Bridgewater Family, 1880-2013, undated

Subseries 1.1: Bridgewater, Samuel, 1880-1908, undated

Subseries 1.2: Bridgewater, Mamie Anderson, 1888-1990, undated

Subseries 1.3: Darby, Sophia Bridgewater, 1911-2005, undated

Subseries 1.4: Bridgewater, Octavia Marie, 1922-2013, undated

Subseries 1.5: Bridgewater, Leon Archibald, 1912-1968, undated

Subseries 1.6, Bridgewater, Herbert Ford, 1925-1970, undated

Subseries 1.7: Photographs, 1920-1955, undated

Subseries 1.8: Family Memorabilia, 1903-2007, undated

Subseries 1.9: Family Friends, 1930-2001, undated

Series 2, Harrell Family, 1914-2005, undated

Subseries 2.1: Harrell, Mary Bridgewater, 1914-1981, undated

Subseries 2.2: Harrell, Charles Henry, 1914-1977, undated

Subseries 2.3: Harrell, Arthur Samuel, 1930-1973, undated

Subseries 2.4: Harrell, Mary Trahan, 1925-2002, undated

Subseries 2.5: Harrell, Arthur Samuel, Jr., 1948-1981, undated

Subseries 2.6: Campbell, Janet Harrell, 1951-2005, undated

Subseries 2.7: Harrell, Jules Parker, 1950-1980, undated

Subseries 2.8: Harrell, Richard Francis, 1960-1996, undated

Subseries 2.9: Harrell, Cornelius Eckart, 1940-2001

Subseries 2.10: Harrell, Jr., Charles Henry, 1925-2005

Subseries 2.11: Family Memorabilia, 1960-1990, undated

Subseries 2.12: Photographs, 1929-1996, undated

Series 3, Trahan Family, 1923-1995, undated

Series 4, Family Friends, 1912-1979, undated

Series 5, Photographs, 1907-1992, undated
Biographical / Historical:
The Bridgewater family is a multi-generation African American family descended from Samuel (1862-1912) and Mamie Anderson Bridgwater (1872-1950) (note: later family members spelled the name with an "e"). The son of slaves, Bridgwater was born in Dixon Springs, Smith County, Tennessee, on February 25, 1862. He later enlisted in the all-Black 24th Infantry Regiment, USCI (United States Colored Infantry), one of the famous "Buffalo Soldier" regiments. The 24th Infantry served in the Department of Texas from 1869-1889, Indian Territory from 1880-1888 and following 1888 in the Department of Arizona. In 1892 he married Mamie E. Anderson the daughter of Levi Anderson and Emma Lucy in Fort Huachuca, in what later became the state of Arizona.

Bridgwater fought in the Philippines during the Spanish-American War, where he was wounded. He retired from the United States Army at Fort Harrison, Montana, after twenty years of service on August 22, 1906. The family remained in Helena, Montana purchasing a home at 502 Peosta Avenue. The 1910 United States Census lists Samuel has having retired from the United States Army and lists Mamie as being a matron in the US Army hospital. They raised five children, three boys and two girls.

Samuel died on June 9, 1912. His widow and family remained in Montana becoming active in community affairs. Their descendants continued their parents' involvement in community and religious affairs as well as their fathers' tradition of military service. Their daughter Octavia served in an all-black unit of the Army Nurse Corps during World War II and then served her community as a nurse-midwife for the rest of her life. Members of the family continued to live in the home at 502 Peosta well into the twentieth century.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian by Janet Harrell Campbell and Jules Harrell, descendants of Samuel and Mamie Anderson Bridgewater, 2016.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Spanish-American War, 1898  Search this
Midwives  Search this
Community activists  Search this
United States Army  Search this
African American families -- Montana  Search this
Churches -- Montana  Search this
African American churches -- Montana  Search this
African Americans -- History -- 20th century -- Montana  Search this
Genre/Form:
Baptismal certificates
Scrapbooks
Marriage certificates
Diplomas
Photographs -- 20th century
Citation:
Bridgewater Family Papers, 1880-2013, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1385
See more items in:
Bridgewater Family Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8adebbef0-f17f-4a82-884b-9005f6f66cad
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1385
Online Media:

United States Army Nurse Corps WWI, Honorable Discharge

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
white (overall color)
black (overall color)
blue (overall color)
Measurements:
average spatial: 6 cm x 9.5 cm; 2 3/8 in x 3 3/4 in
overall: 3 3/4 in x 2 3/8 in; 9.525 cm x 6.0325 cm
Object Name:
Card, Identification
identification card
Other Terms:
Card, Identification; Commemorative & Association Items
Associated place:
United States: California, Monterey county
Associated dates:
1959 12 09 / 1959 12 09
ID Number:
1992.3202.02
Catalog number:
1992.3202.02
Nonaccession number:
1992.3202
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-ba6c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1133310

Pauline Kirby

Creator:
United States Army  Search this
Subject:
Kirby, Pauline  Search this
United States Army Nurse Corps  Search this
Walter Reed Army Hospital (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
5/4/1954
Topic:
Neurobehavioral disorders  Search this
Psychiatry  Search this
Women scientists  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-4824]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_297370

Ruby Ficklin Bryant (1906-2002)

Creator:
United States Army  Search this
Subject:
Bryant, Ruby Ficklin Col. 1906-2002  Search this
United States Army Nurse Corps  Search this
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
9-10-1951
Topic:
Women scientists  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Military nursing  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-0348]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_290823

Your country needs you : nurse cadets of World War II / Thelma M. Robinson

Title:
Cadet nurses of World War II
Author:
Robinson, Thelma M  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Nurse Corps History  Search this
Physical description:
261 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Anecdotes
Personal narratives, American
History
Personal narratives
Place:
United States
Date:
2009
20th century
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Women  Search this
Military nursing--History  Search this
Nursing--Study and teaching  Search this
Nursing students  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Medical care  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1107787

Nursing civil rights : gender and race in the Army Nurse Corps / Charissa J. Threat

Title:
Gender and race in the Army Nurse Corps
Author:
Threat, Charissa J. 1976-  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Nurse Corps History  Search this
United States Army Nurses History  Search this
Physical description:
x, 198 pages ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2015
20th century
Topic:
Military nursing--History  Search this
African American women--History  Search this
Male nurses--History  Search this
Discrimination in employment--History  Search this
Civil rights--History  Search this
Sex role in the work environment--History  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Participation, African American  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Women  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1104414

The challenge : autobiography of Colonel Margaret E. Bailey : first Black nurse promoted to colonel in the U.S. Army Nurse Corps / Margaret E. Bailey

Author:
Bailey, Margaret E  Search this
Subject:
Bailey, Margaret E  Search this
United States Army Officers  Search this
United States Army Nurse Corps  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 190 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Biography
Date:
1999
C1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_740301

Highlights in the history of the Army Nurse Corps / edited by Carolyn M. Feller and Constance J. Moore

Author:
Center of Military History  Search this
Feller, Carolyn M  Search this
Moore, Constance J  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Nurse Corps History  Search this
Physical description:
v, 90 p. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1995
Topic:
Military nursing--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_612545

Grindin' em thru / By "Snuffy" O'Neil

Author:
O'Neil, Robert Irving 1921-  Search this
Bookseller:
Smith, Ray  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Nurse Corps  Search this
Physical description:
[108] p. : chiefly ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Caricatures and cartoons
Date:
1945
C1945
Topic:
Basic training (Military education)  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.O58312x O54 1945
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_632084

33 years of Army nursing : an interview with Brigadier General Lillian Dunlap / conducted by Cynthia A. Gurney

Title:
Thirty-three years of Army nursing
Author:
Dunlap, Lillian 1922-  Search this
Gurney, Cindy  Search this
United States Army Nurse Corps  Search this
Subject:
Dunlap, Lillian 1922-  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 329 p., [11] p. of plates : ill., ports. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2001
Call number:
UH347.D85 A3 2001
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_663732

G.I. nightingales : the Army Nurse Corps in World War II / Barbara Brooks Tomblin

Title:
GI nightingales
Author:
Tomblin, Barbara  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Nurse Corps History  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 254 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1996
C1996
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_514575

Highlights in the history of the Army Nurse Corps / edited by Robert V. Piemonte and Cindy Gurney

Author:
Piemonte, Robert V (Robert Victor) 1934-  Search this
Gurney, Cindy  Search this
Center of Military History  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Nurse Corps History  Search this
Physical description:
v, 94 p. : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1987
Topic:
Military nursing--History  Search this
Call number:
UH493 .H54 1987
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_523621

A history of the U.S. Army Nurse Corps / Mary T. Sarnecky

Author:
Sarnecky, Mary T  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Nurse Corps History  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 518 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1999
C1999
Topic:
Military nursing--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_591964

G.I. nurses at war : gender and professionalization in the Army Nurse Corps during World War II / By Susanne Teepe Gaskins

Title:
G.I. nurses at war
Gender and professionalization in the Army Nurse Corps during World War II
Author:
Gaskins, Susanne Teepe  Search this
Subject:
University of California, Riverside Department of History Dissertations  Search this
United States Army Nurse Corps History  Search this
Physical description:
xix, 373 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1996
1994
20th century
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918--Medical care  Search this
Medicine, Military--History  Search this
Military nursing--History  Search this
Nurses--History  Search this
Call number:
UH493 .G24 1994a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_492816

A history of the United States Army Nurse Corps (female), 1901- 1937 / by Elizabeth A. Shields

Author:
Shields, Elizabeth A  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Nurse Corps  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 232 p
Type:
Books
Date:
1987
1980
C1980
Topic:
Military nursing--History  Search this
Nursing  Search this
Call number:
UH493 .S55 1980a
UH493.S55 1980a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_315963

Nurses in action, by Colonel Julia O. Flikke. Introduction by Lt. Col. L. L. Gardner

Author:
Flikke, Julia (Otteson) 1879-  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Nurse Corps  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 239 p., [4] leaves of plates : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1943
[1943]
Call number:
UH493 .F55X
UH493.F55X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_51013

Beyond the call of duty : Army flight nursing in World War II / Judith Barger

Author:
Barger, Judith 1948-  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Nurses History  Search this
United States Army Nurse Corps History  Search this
United States Army Air Forces History  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 285 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2013
20th century
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Medical care  Search this
Aviation nursing--History  Search this
Transport of sick and wounded--History  Search this
Nurses--History  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Female  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1021619

Army nurses of World War One : service beyond expectations / editors, Lorraine Luciano, Casandra Jewell

Title:
Army nurses of World War I : service beyond expectations
Army nurses of WWI : service beyond expectations
Author:
Weaver, Emma Elizabeth 1878-1966  Search this
Lewis, Elizabeth (Nurse)  Search this
Luciano, Lorraine  Search this
Jewell, Casandra  Search this
Army Heritage Center Foundation  Search this
Subject:
Weaver, Emma Elizabeth 1878-1966  Search this
Lewis, Elizabeth nurse  Search this
United States Army Nurse Corps  Search this
Physical description:
265, [23] pages : illustrations, maps, portraits ; 20 cm + 1 videodisc (52 min., 20 sec. : sound, color and black and white ; 4 3/4 in.)
Type:
Personal narratives, American
Diaries
Correspondence
Biography
Place:
Western Front
United States
Date:
2006
C2006
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
World War, 1914-1918--Medical care  Search this
World War, 1914-1918--Campaigns  Search this
Nurses  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1069377

Officer, nurse, woman : the Army Nurse Corps in the Vietnam War / Kara Dixon Vuic

Author:
Vuic, Kara Dixon 1977-  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Nurse Corps History  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 271 p., [16] p. of plates : ill ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Vietnam
Date:
2010
20th century
Topic:
Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Medical care  Search this
Military nursing--History  Search this
Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Women  Search this
Women and war  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_949003

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