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Biographical File

Extent:
8.5 cu. ft. (17 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1860-1973 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
This collection contains a variety of materials documenting the lives and careers of scientists from a wide range of fields, including mammalogy, ornithology, ichthyology, herpetology, botany, entomology, paleontology and geology. Also included are files on conservationists, taxidermists, historical figures, explorers, frontiersmen, and hunters. The files include biographies, news clippings, press releases, correspondence, and photographs. The amount of documentation varies with the individual.

Of particular note is extensive material on United States National Museum taxidermist William L. Brown. Included are reminiscences of his fifty-one year career at the Museum; photographs taken on the Beach Anglo-Egyptian Sudan Expedition, 1937; and correspondence concerning the Fenykovi elephant.
Topic:
Biography  Search this
Mammalogists  Search this
Mammals  Search this
Mammalogy  Search this
Vertebrates  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Ornithology  Search this
Ichthyology  Search this
Herpetology  Search this
Botany  Search this
Entomology  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Geology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7320, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Mammals, Biographical File
Identifier:
Record Unit 7320
See more items in:
Biographical File
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7320

Measuring the Fénykövi Elephant

Author:
Fénykövi, Josef J  Search this
Subject:
Fénykövi, Josef J  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and White; Size: 7.0w x 5.0h; Type of Image: Animal, candid; Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Animal, candid
Place:
Africa
Angola
Date:
November 14, 1955
Topic:
Physical measurements  Search this
Fénykövi Elephant  Search this
Elephants  Search this
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Africans  Search this
African Elephant  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2010-0180 or Fénykövi Image Number 2355/17 or 97- 3035
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_12320

Fénykövi Elephant's Legs and Neck

Author:
Fénykövi, Josef J  Search this
Subject:
Fénykövi, Josef J  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 7.0w x 5.0h; Type of Image: Animal, candid; Landscape; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Landscape
Animal, candid
Place:
Africa
Angola
Date:
November 13, 1955
Topic:
Fénykövi Elephant  Search this
Elephants  Search this
African Elephant  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2010-0173 or Fénykövi Negative Number 2155-BN/21 or 97-3029
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_12315

Watson M. Perrygo and His Devoted Companion - A Baird's Tapir

Author:
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-  Search this
Subject:
Perrygo, Watson M. 1906-1984  Search this
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-  Search this
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI)  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Color; Size: 5w x 3h ; Type of Image: Person, candid; animal; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Animal, candid
Place:
Panama
Barro Colorado Nature Monument (Panama)
Date:
February 28, 1951
Topic:
Tapirs  Search this
Animals  Search this
Field trips  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Barro Colorado Island (Panama)  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2010-0500 and Wetmore #4568
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11245

Skinning the Fénykövi Elephant

Author:
Fénykövi, Josef J  Search this
Subject:
Fénykövi, Josef J  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and White; Size: 7.0w x 5.0h; Type of Image: Animal, candid; Other; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Animal, candid
Other
Place:
Africa
Date:
November 14, 1955
Topic:
Trucks  Search this
African Elephant  Search this
Fénykövi Elephant  Search this
Elephants  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Africans  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2010-0163 or Fénykövi Image Number 2355-BN/36
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_12314

Skinning the Fénykövi Elephant

Author:
Fénykövi, Josef J  Search this
Subject:
Fénykövi, Josef J  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and White; Size: 7.0w x 5.0h; Type of Image: Animal, candid; Landscape; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Landscape
Animal, candid
Place:
Africa
Angola
Date:
November 14, 1955
Topic:
Fénykövi Elephant  Search this
Elephants  Search this
African Elephant  Search this
Africans  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2010-0176 or Fénykövi Image Number 2355/35 or 97-3033
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_12318

Josef J. Fénykövi Sitting on the Recently Killed Elephant

Author:
Fénykövi, Josef J  Search this
Subject:
Fénykövi, Josef J  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 7.0w x 5.0h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Place:
Angola
Africa
Date:
November 13, 1955
Topic:
Fénykövi Elephant  Search this
Elephants  Search this
African Elephant  Search this
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2010-0184 or Fénykövi Neggative Number 2155/25 or 97-3034
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_12339

Agency history, circa 1858-1955

Creator:
United States National Museum Taxidermist  Search this
Subject:
Hornaday, William T (William Temple) 1854-1937  Search this
Brown, William L  Search this
Turner, George B  Search this
Palmer, Joseph  Search this
Palmer, William 1856-1921  Search this
United States National Museum Department of Anthropology  Search this
United States National Museum Department of Biology  Search this
United States National Museum Department of Zoology  Search this
United States National Museum Office of Exhibits  Search this
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Date:
1858
1858-1955
circa 1858-1955
Topic:
Taxidermy  Search this
Taxidermists  Search this
Local number:
SIA AH00073
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_218121

Log Books, 1903-1936

Creator:
United States National Museum Taxidermist  Search this
Subject:
Brown, William L  Search this
Turner, George B  Search this
Physical description:
.5 cu. ft. processed holdings
Type:
Manuscripts
Date:
1903
1903-1936
Topic:
Taxidermy  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00091
See more items in:
Log Books 1903-1936 [United States National Museum Taxidermist]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_219617

Correspondence, 1883-1889

Creator:
United States National Museum Taxidermist  Search this
Subject:
Hornaday, William T (William Temple) 1854-1937  Search this
Physical description:
1 cu. ft. processed holdings
Type:
Manuscripts
Date:
1883
1883-1889
Topic:
Taxidermy  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00090
See more items in:
Correspondence 1883-1889 [United States National Museum Taxidermist]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_219620

Log Books

Creator::
United States National Museum. Taxidermist  Search this
Extent:
0.5 cu. ft. (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
circa 1903-1904, 1907-1908, 1936 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
This record unit consists of log books containing a daily record of work performed and specimens received for preparation, 1903-1904, 1907-1908; and instructions for preparing specimens written by United States National Museum (USNM) taxidermist William L. Brown, circa 1936.
Topic:
Taxidermists  Search this
Taxidermy  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 433, United States National Museum, Taxidermist, Log Books
Identifier:
Record Unit 433
See more items in:
Log Books
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0433

Box 1

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Taxidermist  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 433, United States National Museum, Taxidermist, Log Books
See more items in:
Log Books
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0433-refidd1e165

Folder 1 Taxidermy Division, USNM, July 1903-June 1904

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Taxidermist  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 433, United States National Museum, Taxidermist, Log Books
See more items in:
Log Books
Log Books / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0433-refidd1e172

Folder 2 Office of Chief Taxidermist, USNM, July 1, 1907-June 30, 1908

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Taxidermist  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 433, United States National Museum, Taxidermist, Log Books
See more items in:
Log Books
Log Books / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0433-refidd1e183

Folders 3-5 Instructions for Preparing Specimens by William L. Brown, 1936 and undated

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Taxidermist  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 433, United States National Museum, Taxidermist, Log Books
See more items in:
Log Books
Log Books / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0433-refidd1e194

Correspondence

Creator::
United States National Museum. Taxidermist  Search this
Extent:
1 cu. ft. (2 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Montana
Date:
1883-1889
Descriptive Entry:
This record unit includes an alphabetical file of correspondence of William Temple Hornaday as taxidermist and curator of living animals. The correspondence deals mainly with the collecting and shipping of specimens and live animals, Hornaday's trip to Montana in 1886, taxidermy, and the operations of Hornaday's departments. Correspondents include museum officials, collectors, shippers, and taxidermists.
Historical Note:
The history of taxidermy in the Smithsonian Institution, in its early years, closely parallels the development of the public exhibition role of the United States National Museum. Prior to 1858, specimens in the possession of the museum were made up chiefly for purposes of scientific study where the art of the taxidermist was not in great demand. The transfer of the national collections, including that of the Wilkes Exploring Expedition, from the Patent Office to the Smithsonian in 1858 formed the initial impetus for the development of the United States National Museum's exhibition series and of the skills needed to properly prepare and maintain it.

In 1858, the museum expended money for outside contractors to do taxidermic work and for the hiring of a staff member skilled in the art. C. Drexler, of Philadelphia, joined the museum staff in November of 1858 and remained on the payroll until 1860. Although he was not salaried staff after 1860, he continued to do piece work for the museum until 1866.

Taxidermic work lagged at the museum from 1866 to 1869. This apparently was due to the fire of 1865, which held up much new work at the Museum while the staff labored to repair the damage. In 1869, a small amount of work was contracted out, and a staff member, Jose Zeledon, was hired, who apparently did some taxidermic work from 1869 to 1872.

Increased appropriations from Congress in 1872 allowed the hiring of a permanent taxidermist, Joseph Palmer. Palmer was originally from England, where he assisted B. Waterhouse Hawkins with the restoration of extinct animals for the Crystal Palace. In 1868, Hawkins received a commission to perform similar work for Central Park in New York City and came to the United States accompanied by Palmer and his family. After the project was abandoned, Palmer stayed on as taxidermist at the Park, general assistant at the museum and later as head of the zoological garden. He left this position in 1872 to join the United States National Museum. In 1874, his son William also joined the taxidermic staff. Both Palmers continued their association with the Smithsonian until their deaths, Joseph in 1913 and William in 1921. In his later years, Joseph Palmer worked chiefly with the Department of Anthropology, modeling figures for exhibit.

William Temple Hornaday became taxidermist in 1882 and remained with the museum until 1889. Born in Indiana in 1854, he later moved to Iowa and entered Iowa State College. While there, Hornaday became interested in zoology and taxidermy and left college without graduating to study at Ward's National Science Establishment in Rochester, New York. In 1874, Ward's sent him on the first of his many collecting expeditions. These expeditions took him to Florida, Cuba, the West Indies, South America, and Asia.

When the position of chief taxidermist was offered to him in 1882, Hornaday accepted the appointment. In the course of his taxidermic work at the museum, Hornaday began to collect live animals to serve as models for his mountings. The public interest that these animals generated led to the creation of the Department of Living Animals in 1888 with Hornaday as its first curator. This eventually became the nucleus of the National Zoological Park, which was started in 1890. Hornaday was named the first superintendent, but policy differences arose that eventually led him to resign in 1890, and he moved to Buffalo, New York. In 1896, he became director of the New York Zoological Park and held that position for 30 years. On Hornaday's resignation, William Palmer was appointed chief taxidermist.
Topic:
Taxidermists  Search this
Museums -- Public relations  Search this
Taxidermy  Search this
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 210, United States National Museum, Taxidermist, Correspondence
Identifier:
Record Unit 210
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0210

Box 1

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Taxidermist  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 210, United States National Museum, Taxidermist, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0210-refidd1e207

Folder 1 A

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Taxidermist  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 210, United States National Museum, Taxidermist, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Correspondence / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0210-refidd1e214

Folder 2 B

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Taxidermist  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 210, United States National Museum, Taxidermist, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Correspondence / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0210-refidd1e225

Folder 3 C

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Taxidermist  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 210, United States National Museum, Taxidermist, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Correspondence / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0210-refidd1e236

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