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Engravings of a Sea Urchin, Star-fish, Brittle-star, and Crinoid

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
Arts and Industries Building  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Date:
1886
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Visitor's Guide  Search this
Department of Zoology (USNM)  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Sea-urchin  Search this
Starfishes  Search this
Brittle-star  Search this
Crinoid  Search this
Echinodermata  Search this
Standard number:
95-20320
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_10409

Bridge Tender with Family

Author:
Schmitt, Waldo L (Waldo Lasalle) 1887-1977  Search this
Subject:
Schmitt, Waldo L (Waldo Lasalle) 1887-1977  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 4 1/2w x 3 1/2h; Type of Image: Group; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Group
Place:
Peru
South America
Date:
1926
Topic:
Field trips  Search this
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Standard number:
94-12232
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9773

Engravings of a Holothurian and Marine Worm

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
Arts and Industries Building  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Object; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Object
Date:
1886
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Visitor's Guide  Search this
Department of Zoology (USNM)  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Holothurian  Search this
Marine Worm  Search this
Standard number:
95-20356
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_10408

Accession No. 170486 Memorandum for Sgt. Raymond L. Baker

Author:
Bartsch, Paul  Search this
Subject:
Baker, Raymond L  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mollusks  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Color; Size: 6.5w x 9.75h; Type of Image: Document; Medium: Paper
Type:
Paper
Document
Place:
Dutch East Indies
Date:
June 6, 1945
Topic:
Gifts  Search this
Science  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Accessions  Search this
Specimens  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Memorandums  Search this
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2010-0985
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_13777

Engravings of Anatomy of the Polyp; Sea Anemone; and Jelly-fish

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
Arts and Industries Building  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Date:
1886
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Visitor's Guide  Search this
Department of Zoology (USNM)  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Anatomy  Search this
Polyp  Search this
Sea Anemone  Search this
Jelly-fish  Search this
Standard number:
95-20347
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_10405

Dr. Paul Bartsch

Author:
Tolman, Ruel P (Ruel Pardee) 1878-1954  Search this
Subject:
Bartsch, Paul  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mollusks  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white ; Size: 2.5w x 2.75h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
May 1937
Topic:
Malacologists  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2011-0253
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_13630

Fenner A. (Albert) Chace, Jr

Author:
Sandved, Kjell Bloch 1922-  Search this
Subject:
Chace, Fenner Albert  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Invertebrate Zoology  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Color; Size: 1w x 1 3/8h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Slide
Type:
Person, candid
Slide
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1975
Topic:
Zoologists  Search this
Invertebrate Zoologists  Search this
Invertebrates  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Scientific apparatus and instruments  Search this
Microscopes  Search this
Research--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Maps  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2013-03876
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14146

Engraving of Anatomy of Sea-Urchin

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
Arts and Industries Building  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Date:
1886
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Visitor's Guide  Search this
Department of Zoology (USNM)  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Sea-urchin  Search this
Anatomy  Search this
Standard number:
95-20336
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_10406

Dr. Paul Bartsch

Author:
Tolman, Ruel P (Ruel Pardee) 1878-1954  Search this
Subject:
Bartsch, Paul  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mollusks  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white ; Size: 2.5w x 2.5h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
May 1937
Topic:
Malacologists  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2011-0254 or 32906-4
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_13631

Paul Bartsch

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Bartsch, Paul  Search this
Washington Biologists Field Club  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mollusks  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 5w x 7h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Maryland
Date:
c. 1930s
Topic:
Plummers Island  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Malacologists  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2010-3631 or 97-3386
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_13629

Engraving of Coral Reefs

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
Arts and Industries Building  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Object; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Object
Date:
1886
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Visitor's Guide  Search this
Department of Zoology (USNM)  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Coral reef ecology  Search this
Coral reefs and islands  Search this
Standard number:
95-20337
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_10407

Waldo LaSalle Schmitt

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Schmitt, Waldo L (Waldo Lasalle) 1887-1977  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Biology  Search this
Research Associate  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Portrait; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Portraits
Date:
1965
Topic:
Museum curators  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Portraits  Search this
Standard number:
92-1775
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_8684

Engraving of a Branching Sponge

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
Arts and Industries Building  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Date:
1886
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Visitor's Guide  Search this
Department of Zoology (USNM)  Search this
Sponges  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Standard number:
95-20335
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_10404

Dr. Leonhard Stejneger and Dr. Paul Bartsch

Author:
Tolman, Ruel P (Ruel Pardee) 1878-1954  Search this
Subject:
Bartsch, Paul  Search this
Stejneger, Leonhard 1851-1943  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Reptiles and Amphibians  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mollusks  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Biology  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 2.25w x 2.25h; Type of Image: Group, candid; Medium: Photograpic print
Type:
Photographic print
Group, candid
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
May 1937
Topic:
Zoologists  Search this
Malacologists  Search this
Ornithologists  Search this
Herpetologists  Search this
Ornithology  Search this
Herpetology  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Reptiles  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2011-0255 or 32906-3
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_13632

Fenner A. (Albert) Chace, Jr

Author:
Sandved, Kjell Bloch 1922-  Search this
Subject:
Chace, Fenner Albert  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Invertebrate Zoology  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Color; Size: 1w x 1 3/8h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Slide
Type:
Person, candid
Slide
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1975
Topic:
Museum curators  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Invertebrate Zoologists  Search this
Invertebrates  Search this
Maps  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2013-03874
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14144

Letter from Paul Bartsch to Sgt. Raymond L. Baker, June 6, 1945

Author:
Bartsch, Paul  Search this
Subject:
Baker, Raymond L  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mollusks  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Color; Size: 8w x 5h; Type of Image: Document; Medium: Paper
Type:
Document
Paper
Place:
Dutch East Indies
Date:
June 6, 1945
Topic:
Gifts  Search this
Science  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Accessions  Search this
Specimens  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Shells  Search this
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2010-0986
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_13780

Agency history, 1921-1962

Creator:
United States National Museum Section of Corals  Search this
Subject:
Bartsch, Paul 1871-1960  Search this
United States National Museum Department of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Mollusks  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842)  Search this
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Date:
1921
1921-1962
Topic:
Corals  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Invertebrate zoology  Search this
Local number:
SIA AH00026
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_217921

Agency history, 1880-1965

Creator:
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Subject:
Benedict, James E (James Everard) 1854-1940  Search this
Chace, Fenner Albert  Search this
Illg, Paul L  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M  Search this
Bowman, Thomas E  Search this
Manning, Raymond B (Raymond Brendan) 1934-2000  Search this
Jones, Meredith L  Search this
Hope, W. Duane 1935-  Search this
Barnard, J. Laurens (Jerry Laurens) 1928-1991  Search this
Cressey, Roger F. 1930-  Search this
Kornicker, Louis S. 1919-  Search this
Rathbun, Richard 1852-1918  Search this
Rathbun, Mary Jane 1860-1943  Search this
Schmitt, Waldo L (Waldo Lasalle) 1887-1977  Search this
Squires, Donald Fleming  Search this
Pettibone, Marian H  Search this
Pawson, David L (David Leo) 1938-  Search this
Cutress, Charles E. Jr  Search this
Shoemaker, Clarence R  Search this
Wilson, Mildred S  Search this
Stimpson, William 1832-1872  Search this
Verrill, A. E (Addison Emery) 1839-1926  Search this
Chicago Academy of Sciences  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Yale University  Search this
United States National Museum Department of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Department of Biology  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Mollusks  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Echinoderms  Search this
United States National Museum Department of Zoology  Search this
United States North Pacific Exploring Expedition (1853-1856)  Search this
United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842)  Search this
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Date:
1880
1880-1965
Topic:
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Invertebrate zoology  Search this
Local number:
SIA AH00027
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_218046

Agency history, 1920-

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Echinoderms and Lower Invertebrates  Search this
Subject:
Bayer, Frederick M  Search this
Clark, Austin Hobart 1880-1954  Search this
Cairns, Stephen  Search this
Pawson, David L (David Leo) 1938-  Search this
Ruetzler, Klaus  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Echinoderms  Search this
Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Invertebrate Zoology  Search this
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Date:
1920
1920-
Topic:
Echinodermata  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Invertebrate zoology  Search this
Local number:
SIA AH00022
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_217931

Records

Extent:
33.22 cu. ft. (56 document boxes) (9 tall document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Letterpress copybooks
Date:
1853-1962
Descriptive Entry:
This record unit includes correspondence of the division, 1861, 1877, 1881-1937; correspondence of assistant and associate curator Clarence R. Shoemaker, 1919-1958; monthly and annual reports, 1881-1936; invoices of specimens received and sent out, 1853-1921; catalogue of duplicate specimens, 1872-1881; and historical material and typescripts.
Historical Note:
The origins of the collection of marine invertebrates under the care of the Smithsonian Institution can be traced to the collections made by William Stimpson while serving as zoologist on the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, 1853-1856, and the specimens collected by the United States Exploring Expedition, which were transferred to the Smithsonian in 1858. Stimpson seems to have been, nominally at least, in charge of the Smithsonian marine invertebrate collections until 1865. By that date the Smithsonian collection of crustacea numbered more than 10,000 jars - the largest in the world at that time. Beginning in the 1870s, large collections of marine invertebrates came to the Smithsonian as a result of the various expeditions conducted by the U. S. Fish Commission. Many of these specimens were retained at Yale University by Addison Emery Verrill for study and identification and did not reach the United States National Museum until 1907.

As a result of a general reorganization of the United States National Museum, the Department of Marine Invertebrates was established in 1880. Under its care were all recent invertebrates, marine and aquatic (excepting mollusks and insects), including protozoans, sponges, coelenterates, echinoderms, ascidians, worms, bryozoans, and crustaceans. Richard Rathbun (1852-1918), a scientific assistant with the U. S. Fish Commission, was appointed honorary curator of Marine Invertebrates in 1880 and retained the title until 1914. In 1897, he was appointed assistant secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, and responsibility for the administration of the Division of Marine Invertebrates fell largely on the two assistant curators, James E. Benedict and Mary Jane Rathbun.

Prior to his appointment as assistant curator in 1890, James F. Benedict (1854-1930) had served as naturalist on the U. S. Fish Commission steamer Albatross. He continued his duties in the Division of Marine Invertebrates until 1909 when he accepted appointment as Chief of Exhibits in the Department of Biology, United States National Museum (USNM).

Mary Jane Rathbun (1860-1943), a sister of Richard Rathbun, was appointed copyist in the Department of Marine Invertebrates in 1886. She was promoted to aid in 1893 and assistant curator in 1894. After her resignation in 1914, she was given the honorary title associate in zoology, and she remained in close association with the museum until her death in 1943.

In 1897 USNM was reorganized into three departments: Biology, Geology, and Anthropology, with Marine Invertebrates as a division of the Department of Biology. On October 16, 1914, the Division of Marine Invertebrates was merged with the Division of Mollusks into a single division under the former title. Richard Rathbun resigned as curator, and the position was assumed by Paul Bartsch. The collection of echinoderms was removed from the Division of Marine Invertebrates on April 1, 1919, and a separate Division of Echinoderms was created with Austin H. Clark as curator. Clark had served as assistant curator in the Division of Marine Invertebrates since 1909. On February 1, 1921 the collections of mollusks were removed from the Division of Marine Invertebrates, and the Division of Mollusks was reestablished with Paul Bartsch as curator. Waldo LaSalle Schmitt assumed the curatorship of the Division of Marine Invertebrates.

In 1947 another administrative reorganization took place in the USNM. As part of the reorganization, the Department of Biology was divided into Departments of Botany and Zoology, with Marine Invertebrates becoming a division of the Department of Zoology. In 1964 the Department of Zoology was divided into three departments: Vertebrate Zoology, Invertebrate Zoology, and Entomology, with Marine Invertebrates a division of the Department of Invertebrate Zoology. On July 1, 1965 the Division of Marine Invertebrates was abolished and three new divisions were formed - Crustacea, Echinoderms, and Worms - and were joined with the existing Division of Mollusks to form the Department of Invertebrate Zoology.
Topic:
Natural history museums  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Invertebrate zoology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Letterpress copybooks
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 233, United States National Museum, Division of Marine Invertebrates, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 233
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0233

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