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John W. Aldrich Oral History Interviews

Creator::
Aldrich, John W. (John Warren), 1906-1995, interviewee  Search this
Extent:
4 audiotapes (Reference copies). 7 digital .mp3 files (Reference copies).
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Transcripts
Date:
1975, 1977
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives' record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program staff conduct interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. There are also interviews conducted by researchers or students on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

Aldrich was interviewed for the Oral History Program because of his long professional association with the Division of Birds of the National Museum of Natural History.
Descriptive Entry:
Aldrich was interviewed on September 19, 1975 and April 18, 1977, by Pamela M. Henson. The interview covers his early interests in natural history; education; career in ornithology at the Buffalo Museum of Science, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Fish and Wildlife Service, and National Museum of Natural History; research interests; and professional activities.
Historical Note:
John Warren Aldrich (1906-1995) was a Research Associate of the Division of Birds of the National Museum of Natural History. Aldrich's interest in natural history began in his youth, with participation in bird walks and summer nature camps. After receiving his Ph.D. in biology from Brown University in 1928, Aldrich began his career at the Buffalo Museum of Science. In 1930, he joined the staff of the Cleveland Museum of Natural History as a biological assistant. Upon receipt of his Ph.D. in 1937, from Western Reserve University, Aldrich was appointed Curator of Ornithology at the Cleveland Museum. In 1941, Aldrich joined the staff of the Fish and Wildlife Service as a biologist; in 1947, he was appointed Chief of the Section of Distribution and Migration of Birds; in 1951, Chief of the Section of Distribution of Birds and Mammals; and in 1957, Staff Specialist, Branch of Wildlife Research. During his tenure with the Fish and Wildlife Service, Aldrich was located in the United States National Museum, Division of Birds, where he worked with the national collections. Because of his long association with the Division, Aldrich was appointed a Research Associate upon his retirement in 1973. Aldrich's research interests included the taxonomy of North American birds, breeding bird population studies, bird banding, bird distribution studies, ecology, endangered species, and wildlife management. Aldrich was active in many professional organizations including: the Audubon Society, American Ornithologists Union, Baird Ornithological Club of Washington, D.C., Biological Society of Washington, Cosmos Club, International Council for Bird Preservation, Washington Biologists Field Club and Wilderness Society.
Topic:
Ornithology  Search this
Records of meetings, organizations, and professional societies  Search this
Ornithologists  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes
Transcripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9511, John W. Aldrich Oral History Interviews
Identifier:
Record Unit 9511
See more items in:
John W. Aldrich Oral History Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9511

Covers Aldrich's early interest in natural history; education in ecology and ornithology; early work at the Buffalo Museum of Science and the Cleveland Museum of Natural History; his career with the Fish and Wildlife Service at the Section of Distribut...

Collection Creator::
Aldrich, John W. (John Warren), 1906-1995, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9511, John W. Aldrich Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
John W. Aldrich Oral History Interviews
John W. Aldrich Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9511-refidd1e261

Annual Reports

Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Extent:
0.5 cu. ft. (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1930-1961
Descriptive Entry:
This collection consists of reports prepared by the Curator of the Division of Birds and sent to the Head Curator of the Department of Zoology (prior to 1917, the Head Curator of the Department of Biology). The report for 1957-1958 includes some parts of the departmental report in additional to the divisional report, probably because at that time Herbert Friedmann (1900- ) served as both Curator of Birds and Head Curator of the Department of Zoology. Some quarterly reports are also included, particularly in the earlier years. These annual reports generally contain more information than can be found in the published Annual Report of the United States National Museum.
Topic:
Ornithology  Search this
Ornithologists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 151, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Annual Reports
Identifier:
Record Unit 151
See more items in:
Annual Reports
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0151

Box 1

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 151, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Annual Reports
See more items in:
Annual Reports
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0151-refidd1e186

1930-1931 to 1960-1961

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 151, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Annual Reports
See more items in:
Annual Reports
Annual Reports / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0151-refidd1e194

Records

Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Extent:
18.5 cu. ft. (37 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
circa 1854-1959
Descriptive Entry:
This collection consists of correspondence of the Division of Birds, most of which was conducted by the three curators listed above. There is a lesser amount of correspondence of Associate Curators. Also included is material concerning the history of the Division and distribution and destruction of specimens.
Historical Note:
The collection of birds under the care of the Smithsonian Institution was begun in 1850, when Spencer F. Baird, the newly appointed Assistant Secretary, came to the Institution and brought with him his collection of over 3600 birds. However, the Department of Ornithology, the predecessor of the present Division of Birds, was not established until 1880 when a general reorganization of the United States National Museum took place. In 1885, the name was changed to the Department of Birds. In 1897 the National Museum was reorganized into three departments: Biology, Geology, and Anthropology, with Birds as a Division of the Department of Biology. In 1950 another administrative reorganization took place in the National Museum. As part of the reorganization, the Department of Biology was split into Departments of Botany and Zoology, with Birds becoming a Division of the Department of Zoology. In 1964 the Department of Zoology was divided into three departments: Vertebrate Zoology, Invertebrate Zoology, and Entomology, with Birds a Division of the Department of Vertebrate Zoology.

Robert Ridgway (1850-1929), the first Curator of the Division of Birds, came to the Smithsonian in 1874 as an "Ornithologist" on the staff of the United States National Museum. In 1880 he was appointed Curator of the Department of Ornithology. Ridgway remained Curator until his death in 1929, although after 1915 he resided in Olney, Illinois.

Charles Wallace Richmond (1868-1932) joined the staff of the Division of Birds in the early 1890's as an "assistant to the scientific staff." In 1894 he was appointed Assistant Curator, and in 1918 Associate Curator, as which he was virtually in charge of the activities of the Division. In 1929 he was appointed Curator, but in the same year, at his own suggestion, was reappointed Associate Curator to allow for the appointment of Herbert Friedmann (1900- ) as Curator. In 1957, as part of an administrative reorganization of the United States National Museum, Friedmann was appointed Acting Head Curator of the Department of Zoology, while retaining his position as Curator of the Division of Birds. In 1958 Friedmann was appointed Head Curator of the Department of Zoology, and became Acting Curator of the Division of Birds.
Topic:
Ornithology  Search this
Ornithologists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 105, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 105
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0105

Box 20

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 105, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE (INCOMING AND OUTGOING), 1874-1955.
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0105-refidd1e1010

Jackson - Kutter

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Container:
Box 20 of 41
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 105, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE (INCOMING AND OUTGOING), 1874-1955. / Box 20
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0105-refidd1e1018

Box 21

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 105, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE (INCOMING AND OUTGOING), 1874-1955.
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0105-refidd1e1032

Lack - McGregor

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Container:
Box 21 of 41
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 105, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE (INCOMING AND OUTGOING), 1874-1955. / Box 21
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0105-refidd1e1040

Box 22

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 105, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE (INCOMING AND OUTGOING), 1874-1955.
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0105-refidd1e1053

McIlwraith - Moore

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Container:
Box 22 of 41
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 105, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE (INCOMING AND OUTGOING), 1874-1955. / Box 22
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0105-refidd1e1061

Box 23

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 105, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE (INCOMING AND OUTGOING), 1874-1955.
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0105-refidd1e1074

Morcom - Nutting

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Container:
Box 23 of 41
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 105, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE (INCOMING AND OUTGOING), 1874-1955. / Box 23
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0105-refidd1e1082

Box 24

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 105, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE (INCOMING AND OUTGOING), 1874-1955.
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0105-refidd1e1095

Ober - Pinto

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Container:
Box 24 of 41
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 105, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE (INCOMING AND OUTGOING), 1874-1955. / Box 24
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0105-refidd1e1103

Box 25

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 105, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE (INCOMING AND OUTGOING), 1874-1955.
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0105-refidd1e1116

Pirnie - Roberts

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Container:
Box 25 of 41
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 105, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE (INCOMING AND OUTGOING), 1874-1955. / Box 25
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0105-refidd1e1124

Box 26

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 105, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE (INCOMING AND OUTGOING), 1874-1955.
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0105-refidd1e1137

Robinette - Slud

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Birds  Search this
Container:
Box 26 of 41
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 105, United States National Museum. Division of Birds, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE (INCOMING AND OUTGOING), 1874-1955. / Box 26
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0105-refidd1e1145

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