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Egbert Hamilton Walker Papers

Creator::
Walker, Egbert H. (Egbert Hamilton), 1899-1991  Search this
Extent:
8.08 cu. ft. (14 document boxes) (3 5x8 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Ryukyu Islands
Date:
1938-1961
Introduction:
The papers of Egbert Hamilton Walker were transferred to the Smithsonian Archives from the Hunt Institute in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1977. Subsequently, two additional transfers of papers were gifted by Egbert Walker in 1978 and 1979. In 1995, Walker's autobiographical notes were transferred from the Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History. In 2002, the Smithsonian Institution Press project file for the Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands was duplicated and filed within the subject series of these papers.

The Archives would like to thank Priscilla Foley for conducting the preliminary processing of the Walker Papers in the Fall of 2000 as a part of a graduate internship with the University of Maryland.
Descriptive Entry:
These papers document the career and life of Egbert Hamilton Walker, a Smithsonian Institution botanist whose taxonomic research centered on the Myrsinaceae of East Asia. Types of documentation include correspondence, reports, copies and drafts of manuscripts, bibliographic card files, and autobiographical notes.

The papers of Egbert Hamilton Walker primarily pertain to the research, funding, and preparation for the Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands. This publication was the result of over twenty years of research from Walker's time at the Department of Botany, United States National Museum to his time as Research Associate at the Department of Botany at the National Museum of Natural History. Primary correspondents with regards to this publication include Tetsuo Amano, Sumihiko Hatusima, Tetsuo Koyama and Shinjun Tawada.

Papers relating to the research, funding, and preparation for A Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany and its supplement are also well represented. Reports on the Servicemen's Collecting Program developed by Walker during World War II, and the Scientific Investigations in the Ryukyu Islands botanical program initiated by the Pacific Science Board of the National Research Council and implemented by Walker are also documented in these papers.

Walker's primary correspondents from his early years at the Smithsonian until his retirement include botanists Harley Harris Bartlett of the University of Michigan, Elmer Drew Merrill of Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University and Joseph Francis Rock.

Walker's autobiographical notes were written around 1978. The appendices to his autobiography pertain to his experiences in China from 1923 to 1926; the Old World collections in the United States National Herbarium; Walker's field work, publications, and conferences he attended; the Walker family Christmas letters; and the editor of A Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany.

For records documenting Bartlett and Walker's research on Sumatran plants, see accession T89024, from the Department of Botany, United States National Museum. In addition, record unit 7271 Rolla Kent Beattie Paper's, circa 1928-1947 include correspondence between Beattie and Walker concerning Japanese ferns and grasses.

Field notes pertaining to Walker's research in New Zealand, the Eastern United States, Japan, and the Philippines are included in the Collector's Field Books and Miscellaneous Notes of the Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History.
Historical Note:
Egbert Hamilton Walker (1899-1991), botanist, was born in Chicago, Illinois. At age two and a half, Walker was diagnosed with polio. His illness, which had been left untreated for so many years, left him with one good arm and a slightly damaged left leg.

After receiving his B.A. degree from the University of Michigan in 1922, he spent four years as an instructor at Canton Christian College (Lingnan University) in Canton, China. In 1926, with the help of Professor Harley Harris Bartlett of the University of Michigan, Walker entered the University of Wisconsin. He received a M.S. degree in botany in 1928 for his paper, Fifty-one common ornamental trees of the Lingnan University campus.

After leaving Wisconsin in 1928, Walker began work in the Division of Plants, United States National Museum at the Smithsonian Institution. Walker spent much of his time reorganizing the neglected, Old World collections and prepared reports on his progress in 1934, 1941, and 1943. Walker became the department's Assistant Curator in 1942 and Associate Curator in 1947. When the Division was reorganized into the Department of Botany in 1947, he was assigned to the Division of Phanerogams.

In 1928, Walker began work with Elmer Drew Merrill to compile a comprehensive bibliography on the literature of Chinese botany. The project was officially recognized as a joint effort between the Smithsonian Institution and the New York Botanical Garden in 1931 when Merrill was Director of the latter institution. The resulting publication was A Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany, published in 1938. A Revision of the Eastern Asiatic Myrsinaceae eventually became Walker's dissertation for which he received his Ph.D. in botany from Johns Hopkins University in 1940.

During World War II, Walker and the staff at the United States National Herbarium became involved in various wartime efforts such as the preparation of survival manuals, pamphlets and articles for the army. Another wartime effort was a Servicemen's Collecting Program, proposed by Harley Harris Bartlett and developed by Walker. As the primary contact for the project, Walker received many plant specimens, primarily from servicemen stationed in Guam, the Aleutian Islands, and Okinawa, Japan.

When the Scientific Investigation of the Ryukyu Islands (SIRI) botanical program was developed by the Pacific Science Board of the National Research Council, Walker was selected to implement the program. In 1951, he left for Okinawa to conduct field work there and the surrounding islands. Walker would make three additional research trips to the area in 1953, 1957, and 1966. This led to the publication of Important Trees of the Ryukyu Islands in 1954 and later, the Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands in 1976.

Walker retired from the Smithsonian staff in June 1959 after 30 years. He continued his research on a supplemental edition to A Bibliography of Eastern Asian Botany as a consultant with the American Institute of Biological Sciences in Washington D.C. from 1959 to1960. The supplement, along with the first volume is considered his most important contribution to botany, was eventually published in 1960.

Beginning in 1961, Walker spent the majority of his time writing and revising the Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation to the Pacific Science Board of the National Academy of Science. He returned to the Smithsonian staff in 1965 as a Research Associate to the Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History and continued his work there until 1987.

Walker conducted botanical field work specifically in Okinawa and the Ryukyu Islands, but also in New Zealand, Japan, the Philippine Islands, Hawaii, the Johnston Islands, Guam, Thailand, and Vietnam. He was vice president (1944) and president (1949-1950) of the Botanical Society of Washington and a member of the Botanical Society of Japan.
Chronology:
June 12, 1899 -- born in Chicago, Illinois

1922 -- Bachelor of Arts, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor

1922-1926 -- Instructor, Canton Christian College (Lingnan University), China

1928 -- Master of Science, University of Wisconsin

1928 -- Aid, United States National Museum, Division of Plants

February 18, 1929 -- married Elsie Howell

November 8, 1930 -- divorced Elsie Howell

April 10, 1936 -- married Dorothy Kemball

1938 -- published, A Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany

1939 -- awarded Oberly Prize, administered by the National Library of Agriculture, for the A Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany

January 20, 1939 -- birth of first child, William King

1940 -- Doctor of Philosophy, Johns Hopkins University

March 11, 1941 -- birth of second child, Jeanne Kemball

1942 -- Assistant Curator, United States National Museum, Department of Biology, Division of Plants

1944 -- Vice President, Botanical Society of Washington

1947 -- Associate Curator, United States National Museum, Department of Botany, Division of Phanerogams

1949 -- delegate for the Smithsonian Institution, Seventh Pacific Science Conference, New Zealand

1949 -- field work, New Zealand

1949 -- President, Potomac Appalachian Trail Club

1950 -- President, Botanical Society of Washington

1951 -- Civilian Specialist, Scientific Investigation of the Ryukyu Islands (program of the Pacific Science Board of the National Research Council)

1953 -- delegate for Scientific Investigation of the Ryukyu Islands, Eighth Pacific Science Conference, Philippines

1953 -- field work, Luzon Island in the Philippines, Hawaii, Johnston Island, Guam, and Okinawa, Japan

1954 -- published, Important Trees of the Ryukyu Islands

1957 -- delegate, Ninth Pacific Science Conference, Thailand

1957 -- speaker, Seventy-Fifth Annual Meeting of the Botanical Society of Japan

1957 -- field work, Okinawa, Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, and the Philippines

1959 -- retired from Smithsonian Institution

1960 -- published, A Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany. Supplement

1960 -- awarded the Oberly Award, administered by the National Library of Agriculture for the supplement to A Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany

1965 -- Research Associate, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany

1966 -- lecturer, Eleventh Pacific Science Conference, Japan

1966 -- professional trip, Okinawa, Japan

1976 -- published, Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands

March 10, 1991 -- death
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Myrsinaceae  Search this
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7270, Egbert Hamilton Walker Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7270
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Egbert Hamilton Walker Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7270

Information Files

Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Extent:
0.93 cu. ft. (1 document box) (1 12x17 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Drawings
Place:
Sumatra (Indonesia)
China
Liberia
Date:
circa 1897, 1937-1964
Descriptive Entry:
This accession contains information on Egbert H. Walker's Sumatran plants; Harley Harris Bartlett's Sumatran plants; Augustine Henry's Chinese plants; F.C. Straub's drawings of Liberian plants; and miscellaneous lists of plants.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Drawings
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T89024, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Information Files
Identifier:
Accession T89024
See more items in:
Information Files
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fat89024

Box 1

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T89024, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Information Files
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Information Files
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fat89024-refidd1e205

Correspondence and notes from H. S. McKee, 1962-1964; Lists of plants collected by McKee, 1960-1961

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T89024, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Information Files
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Information Files
Information Files / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fat89024-refidd1e213

Lists of N.G.F. collections, 3/6/1964 and revised 7/16/1964

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T89024, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Information Files
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Information Files
Information Files / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fat89024-refidd1e225

Sumatra - Bartlett, c. 1938-1957

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T89024, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Information Files
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Information Files
Information Files / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fat89024-refidd1e237

List of E. H. Walker and A. Henry's Chinese plants, undated

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T89024, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Information Files
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Information Files
Information Files / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fat89024-refidd1e249

"Old World Curator" - Plants of Formosa collected by A. Henry

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T89024, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Information Files
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Information Files
Information Files / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fat89024-refidd1e262

Sumatra plants collected by Rahmat (#3270-5150), 7/16/1937

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T89024, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Information Files
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Information Files
Information Files / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fat89024-refidd1e274

Various correspondence and lists of plants, 1936-1960

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T89024, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Information Files
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Information Files
Information Files / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fat89024-refidd1e286

Identification lists of Malaysian specimens (#4-13), 9/1959-5/1961

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T89024, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Information Files
See more items in:
Information Files
Information Files / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fat89024-refidd1e298

Various correspondence and lists of plants, 1956-1962

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T89024, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Information Files
See more items in:
Information Files
Information Files / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fat89024-refidd1e310

"Notes" - Lists and descriptions of plants (i.e. Flora Liberica) Folder 1 of 2

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T89024, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Information Files
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Information Files
Information Files / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fat89024-refidd1e322

"Notes" - Lists and descriptions of plants (i.e. Flora Liberica) Folder 2 of 2

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T89024, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Information Files
See more items in:
Information Files
Information Files / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fat89024-refidd1e335

Box 2

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T89024, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Information Files
See more items in:
Information Files
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fat89024-refidd1e348

Straub drawings and photos, Liberia 1897 Folder 1 of 2

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Container:
Box 2 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T89024, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Information Files
See more items in:
Information Files
Information Files / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fat89024-refidd1e356

Straub drawings and photos, Liberia 1897 Folder 2 of 2 (includes digital images on CD)

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Container:
Box 2 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T89024, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Information Files
See more items in:
Information Files
Information Files / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fat89024-refidd1e368

Curatorial Correspondence

Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Cryptogams  Search this
Extent:
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1946-1951
Descriptive Entry:
These papers consist of incoming and outgoing correspondence (1946-1951) that documents, in part, the history of the United States National Museum, Department of Botany, Division of Cryptogams, while George Albert Llano was an associate curator with the Division (1948-1951), as well as Llano's scientific activities and personal matters. Material includes correspondence with botanists; curators of herbaria; superintendents of national parks; departmental staff members; publishers; and friends; regarding the examination, identification, and reports of lichens and mosses sent to the Division; exchange of lichen collections; taxonomy; requests to attend scientific meetings; requests to loan botanical specimens from other herbaria; Llano's field work (1949) collecting lichens in arctic Alaska; publication of manuscripts; reviewing articles; personal matters pertaining to the scientific activities of friends; references to colleagues; publication problems; and problems concerning the retention of specimens by other botanists, which prevented Llano from reviewing them as part of his endeavors to publish.
Historical Note:
George Albert Llano was born in Havana, Cuba, on November 22, 1911. He attended Cornell, where he received a B.S. in 1955. Llano received his M.A. at Columbia (1939) and his Ph.D. in botany at Washington University in St. Louis (1949).

Llano was a biologist for the United States Department of Agriculture, soil conservation service, in New York from 1935 to 1937. He then taught at the Pennsylvania Military College (1940), Harvard (1943), and Washington University (1946-1948). In June 1948, Llano joined the staff of the United States National Museum, Department of Botany, as an associate curator in the Division of Cryptogams. He was to have general supervision of the lower cryptogams, excluding diatoms and fungi. In February 1951, Llano resigned from his position at the USNM in order to become an associate professor of botany at Maxwell Air Force Base. Most recently, Llano has been the program manager of the Polar Biology and Medical Offices at the National Science Foundation (1971- ).

Llano's botanical studies are concentrated on polar biology, especially lichenology and the economic uses of lichens. He received an Arctic Institute of North America fellowship (1949-1951), which is documented to some extent in these papers. Among Llano's writings is a monograph on the lichen family Umbilicariaceae as represented in the Western Hemisphere (1951), and "Utilization of Lichens in the Arctic and Subarctic." Llano is a member of the National Academy of Sciences.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Botanists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 228, United States National Museum. Division of Cryptogams, Curatorial Correspondence
Identifier:
Record Unit 228
See more items in:
Curatorial Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0228

Folder 23 United States National Museum: Department of Botany. Includes two typed reports on the National Herbarium, 1890, 1891, and a draft of the report for 1892 by George Vasey.

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Plants  Search this
Container:
Box 16 of 21
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 220, United States National Museum. Division of Plants, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Correspondence / Series 1: INCOMING AND OCCASIONAL OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE, 1870-1893. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY. / Box 16
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0220-refidd1e6286

Records

Creator::
United States National Museum. Department of Botany  Search this
Extent:
5 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Manuscripts
Place:
Colombia
South America
Date:
1918-1949
Descriptive Entry:
These records document the history of the United States National Museum, Division of Plants (1919-1947) and Department of Botany (1947-1949) while Ellsworth Paine Killip was an aid, assistant curator, associate curator, and curator of the Division and the Department, as well as personal correspondence between Killip and his colleagues documenting their personal and professional activities. Included are occasional letters and copies of letters to and from William Ralph Maxon that apparently were forwarded to Killip. For the most part, this material includes loose incoming and outgoing correspondence between Killip and U.S. and foreign botanists; directors and botanists of U.S. and foreign herbaria; museum curators; colleagues, friends; editors; and scientific societies regarding the examination and identification of botanical specimens; exchange of specimen collections; explorations and collecting expeditions, especially Killip's expeditions to South America; information on mounting specimens; requests for photographs pertaining to Killip's publications; requests for publications and reprints; reviewing monographs; checking manuscripts for taxonomy and nomenclature; scientific society meetings; nominations for officers and membership to scientific societies; evaluation of colleagues for positions; recommendations for job openings; personal matters; also letterpress books containing references to Killip's collecting expeditions in Colombia; Killip's work on South American plants; determination of plants received; manuscript copies; passports; maps; and a few copies of outgoing letters from Paul C. Standley, assistant curator, Division of Plants (1921).
Historical Note:
Ellsworth Paine Killip, botanist, was born in Rochester, New York, on September 2, 1890. Killip attended the University of Rochester and received an A.B. in 1911. From 1914 to 1917, Killip held the position of associate curator at the Rochester Academy of Sciences.

On July 7, 1919, Killip was appointed as an aid in the United States National Museum, Division of Plants. He became assistant curator of the Division in December 1927, and on June 1, 1928, became an associate curator. Upon the retirement of William Ralph Maxon in 1946, Killip was made curator of the Division of Plants. During Killip's administration, the Division of Plants underwent reorganization. The Division was separated from the Department of Biology and raised to the status of a department, becoming the Department of Botany on July 31, 1947. Killip became head curator of the Department and also held the title of acting curator for the Division of Cryptogams, one of four original divisions formed under the reorganization. Killip retained both titles until his retirement from the Department in 1950. From 1951 through 1965, Killip continued his research and his ties with the USNM as a research associate in the Division of Phanerogams.

Killip's main studies were on the taxonomy of South American plants. Some of his expeditions to South America are documented in this collection. Among his publications is an article, "American species of Passifloraceae," 1938, and a major study on the passionflower family that was published in two volumes.

Killip was a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Cosmos Club, and the Washington Biologists' Field Club. He died in California on November 28, 1968.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 226, United States National Museum. Department of Botany, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 226
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0226
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