United States National Museum. Department of Botany Search this
0.93 cu. ft. (1 document box) (1 12x17 box)
circa 1897, 1937-1964
This accession contains information on Egbert H. Walker's Sumatran plants; Harley Harris Bartlett's Sumatran plants; Augustine Henry's Chinese plants; F.C. Straub's
drawings of Liberian plants; and miscellaneous lists of plants.
The papers of Edward L. Todd consist of professional correspondence documenting his research in Lepidoptera and Hemiptera at the USDA. Also included are notes from
professional meetings, research projects, and grant information.
Edward L. Todd (1922-1986) was born in Eureka, Kansas. He attended the University of Kansas in Lawrence, where he earned his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. degrees. From 1945
until 1950, Todd was an Assistant and Laboratory Instructor in the entomology and general biology departments at the University. After receiving his Ph.D. in 1950, Todd worked
from 1951 to 1952 as an entomologist for the Communicable Disease Center, United States Public Health Service, in Georgia.
In 1953, Todd became a Research Entomologist with the Division of Insect Identification, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), located in the United States National
Museum. In 1972, the Division became the Systematic Entomology Laboratory. Todd remained at the USDA until his retirement in 1979, working on the systematics and taxonomy
of Lepidoptera (Noctuidae) and Hemiptera (Gelastocoridae).
This collection consists mostly of incoming and outgoing correspondence documenting Cartwright's research on Coleoptera. Also included are records concerning his curatorial
work at the Division of Insects, USNM, and the Department of Entomology, NMNH; field work; and professional activities. Smaller amounts of correspondence were written during
his pre-Smithsonian career. The collection also contains a few photographs and illustrations of beetles, and research notes.
Oscar L. Cartwright (1900-1983) was a coleopterist and specialist on the biology and taxonomy of scarab beetles. He was educated at Allegheny College (B.S., 1923) and
Ohio State University (M.S., 1925). In 1925, Cartwright was appointed Assistant Entomologist at the South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station at Clemson College. He remained
at Clemson until 1948, except for the years 1945-1946 when he was employed by the United States Public Health Service to study mosquito and rat borne diseases in South Carolina
and Tennessee. In 1948, Cartwright was appointed Associate Curator in the Division of Insects, United States National Museum (USNM). When the Department of Entomology was
created in 1963, as part of a reorganization of the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), Cartwright was appointed Curator and supervisor of the Division of Coleoptera.
After his retirement in 1970, Cartwright continued his research as an Emeritus Entomologist at NMNH.
Cartwright was an authority on Western Hemisphere Aphodiinae, a subfamily of scarab beetles. He conducted field work in the southeastern United States, Costa Rica, El Salvador,
Guatemala, and the Bahama Islands. His bibliography included over 80 titles in which 132 new taxa were described. Seventeen beetles were named in his honor.