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Curators' Annual Reports

Creator::
United States National Museum  Search this
Extent:
49 cu. ft. (98 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1881-1964
Descriptive Entry:
The administration of the United States National Museum required curators to submit regular reports on the activities of the departments, divisions, and sections. Prior to about 1900 these reports were often made monthly and semiannually as well as annually. The reports were traditionally submitted to the Director of the National Museum to be used in preparing the published Annual Report of the United States National Museum. The individual reports, however, were not reproduced in their entirety in the published Annual Report and generally contain more information than is to be found in the published version.

Reports were stored by the Office of Correspondence and Reports (later known as the Office of Correspondence and Documents), and then by the Office of the Registrar.

Includes reports submitted to the Director of the United States National Museum by curators and administrators.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 158, United States National Museum, Curators' Annual Reports
Identifier:
Record Unit 158
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Curators' Annual Reports
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0158
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Robert Stanton Avery Papers

Creator::
Avery, Robert Stanton, 1808-1894  Search this
Extent:
2.93 cu. ft. (2 record storage boxes) (1 document box) (1 12x17 box) (1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Clippings
Drawings
Date:
1855-1894
Introduction:
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
Descriptive Entry:
These papers consist of correspondence with members of the United States Coast Survey chiefly concerning tide gauges; descriptions and drawings of working parts of clocks and tide gauges; mathematical equations and tables; records of data connected with Coast Survey work; office notes and vouchers; drafts for articles written and collected by Avery; USCS mathematical and scientific publications; and Avery's phonetic alphabet primers. Also included is correspondence concerning a proposal to print Avery's primers in Great Britain and an obituary of Avery.

Notations within the papers are frequently done in stenography. Knowledge of stenography will be helpful in understanding this material. Correspondents include: Robert Stanton Avery, Alexander Dallas Bache, John Batchelder, Thomas Craig, Julius Erasmus Hilgard, Samuel P. Langley, Macmillan & Co., Levi W. Meech, Benjamin Peirce, Charles Anthony Schott, William Wesley and Son, and B. Westermann & Co.
Historical Note:
Robert Stanton Avery (1808-1894) graduated from Harvard Divinity School in 1846, but soon turned his attention to mathematics and its application to the physical sciences. Avery taught school in the South, and in 1853 joined the United States Coast Survey (USCS) where he became chief of the Tidal Division. His duties included receiving observer reports taken from tide gauges established on the coasts of the United States and computing tide estimates based on the data received. When Avery retired from the USCS in 1885, he devoted his remaining years to the development of the techniques of phonetic spelling.
Topic:
Mathematics  Search this
Tide-waters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Clippings
Drawings
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7068, Robert Stanton Avery Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7068
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Robert Stanton Avery Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7068
Online Media:

United States Coast Survey, 1860

Collection Creator::
Avery, Robert Stanton, 1808-1894  Search this
Container:
Box 2 of 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7068, Robert Stanton Avery Papers
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Robert Stanton Avery Papers
Robert Stanton Avery Papers / Series 8: PUBLICATIONS. / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7068-refidd1e2043

János Xántus Papers

Creator::
Xántus, János, 1825-1894  Search this
Extent:
0.5 cu. ft. (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Place:
Fort Riley (Kan.)
Fort Tejon (Calif.)
Date:
1857-1864
Introduction:
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
Descriptive Entry:
These papers consist of correspondence from John Xantus to Spencer F. Baird, mostly concerning Xantus' collecting activities, 1857-1864. Also included are several letters (and copies of letters) from various individuals concerning Xantus, especially letters of recommendation for the position of U. S. Consul at Manzanillo, Mexico.

After entering the U. S. Army in 1855, Xantus began using the name Louis de Vesey. The letters in this collection for the years 1857-1858 are signed three different ways: DE VESEY, L. X. DE VESEY, and L. XANTUS DE VESEY. By 1859, he had readopted his given name and letters are signed J. XANTUS.
Historical Note:
A native of Hungary, John Xantus (1825-1894) came to the United States in 1850. In 1855, he entered the United States Army and served as a hospital steward at Fort Riley, Kansas Territory, 1855-1857, and Fort Tejon, California, 1857-1859. In January 1859, Xantus was appointed tidal observer for the United States Coast Survey stationed at Cape San Lucas, Lower California, where he remained until August 1861. After a short visit to Hungary, Xantus was appointed United States Consul at Manzanillo, Mexico, on November 25, 1862. In 1864, he returned to Hungary, where he spent the remainder of his life.

In 1857, Xantus began corresponding with Spencer F. Baird, and in subsequent years he made extensive collections for the Smithsonian Institution, especially in the field of ornithology.
Topic:
Ornithology  Search this
Ornithologists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7212, János Xántus Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7212
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János Xántus Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7212

Alexander Dallas Bache Papers

Creator::
Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867  Search this
Extent:
3.47 cu. ft. (5 document boxes) (3 half document boxes) (2 microfilm reels) (6 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Manuscripts
Date:
1821-1869
Descriptive Entry:
This record unit consists of the papers of Alexander Dallas Bache (1806-1867) relating to his study of European education, magnetic and meteorological observations at Girard College, his appointment as Superintendent of the United States Coast Survey, his professional discourse with other scientists on a broad range of topics, his own research, and his work on the Light House Board. Materials include diaries, 1836-1837, of his study of educational institutions in Britain; correspondence, 1821-1866, documenting his European trip; his work on education during the years 1839-1841; and his contact with the American scientific community. Materials also include small collections of papers concerning the Coast Survey, the Light House Board, and the Smithsonian Institution; letters to his wife, Nancy Clarke Fowler Bache; and a small collection of posthumous papers.
Topic:
Meteorology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7053, Alexander Dallas Bache Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7053
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Alexander Dallas Bache Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7053

William Healey Dall Papers

Creator::
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Extent:
32.36 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes) (51 document boxes) (1 half document box) (4 5x8 boxes) (3 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scientific illustrations
Photographs
Maps
Diaries
Field notes
Scrapbooks
Date:
circa 1839-1858, 1862-1927
Introduction:
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women’s Committee.
Descriptive Entry:
This collection contains papers documenting the scientific and personal life of Dall, especially the Western Union Telegraph Expedition to Alaska (1865-1868). Included are daily diaries, 1865-1927; Western Union Telegraph Expedition material containing diaries, scrapbooks, field notes, financial accounts, specimen collection notebooks and incoming and outgoing correspondence regarding Alaskan towns, topography, mineral resources, biology and zoology of Alaska, customs of the Russian-Americans and Alaskan Indian natives, along with sketches of the latter, their housing, clothing and utensils; description of the intrigue among the members of the Western Union Telegraph Expedition; Robert Kennicott's field notes; Dall correspondence regarding Kennicott's leadership of the expedition; Dall and others regarding Kennicott's death; diaries, correspondence, financial accounts, specimen collection notebooks and field notes regarding Dall's explorations to Alaska (1871-1876, 1879-1880) under the United States Coast Survey, and his explorations to the Pacific coast and Florida under the United States Geological Survey; reports to Secretary of State, Thomas Francis Bayard, regarding the Alaska-Canada Boundary Question, 1885, 1888; reports for the United States Coast Survey, United States Geological Survey, Division of Cenozoic Paleontology, and United States National Museum, Division of Mollusks, regarding their progress under Dall's leadership; incoming and outgoing correspondence between Dall and his colleagues, administrators of scientific and educational organizations, editors, publishers, family members, friends, private collectors of mollusca, and scientific and social societies regarding membership and membership meetings, identification of fossil collections, publications and manuscripts, personal and family problems, student theses, appointment to the United States Geological Survey, honorary degrees, politics, economics, social conditions in Washington, D.C., and Dall's personal views regarding his own professional competency and social status; awards; photographs of Dall, his friends, and members of his expeditions; publications on mollusca, catalogues of mollusk lists, mollusk plates on Dall's Contributions to the Tertiary Fauna of Florida, and his unpublished work on Hawaiian Island mollusca; Dall's manuscript biography of Spencer Fullerton Baird; Dall's publications and newspaper articles; poetry written by his father; and material on the genealogy of Dall and his family.
Historical Note:
Dean of Alaskan explorations and one of the last of the disappearing class of "systematic naturalists," which included Agassiz, Baird, and Audubon, William H. Dall (1845-1927) was born in Boston to Charles Henry Appleton Dall, a Unitarian minister, and Caroline Wells (Healey), a feminist and publicist. Educated in the public school system, Dall did not go on to attend Harvard after graduating from the Boston Latin School. Instead, he pursued his interests in zoology and medicine by studying under the guidance of Agassiz, Augustus A. Gould, and Jeffries Wyman. Dall's special interest in mollusca came about quite accidentally as a result of his reading Gould's Report on the Invertebrata of Massachusetts. Dall soon left for Chicago to earn his livelihood, and there he met Robert Kennicott and William Stimpson, both members of the Chicago Academy of Sciences, where Dall attended evenings to continue his scientific studies.

When Kennicott was given command of the Western Union Telegraph Expedition to Alaska in 1865, whose mission was to find a means of establishing a communications system with Europe by way of Alaska, the Bering Straits, and Asia, Dall, aged twenty, was invited along as a member of the group's scientific party. Upon Kennicott's death in 1866, Dall was placed in charge of the Scientific Corps. When the expedition was abruptly terminated by the successful laying of the Atlantic cable, Dall volunteered to stay on an extra year in order to complete the scientific project. In 1871, Dall was appointed to the United States Coast Survey (USCS), under whose auspices he continued his studies on Alaska and the northern Pacific Coast. Dall left the USCS in 1884 to accept the rank of paleontologist with the United States Geological Survey (USGS), a position which he held until 1925.

Having forwarded fossil specimens he had collected as a youth to the Smithsonian Institution, and with the collections of the Alaskan expedition being sent there also, Dall, upon his arrival in Washington, D.C., in 1868, voluntarily began to assemble and describe the collections of mollusca and other organisms stored by the United States National Museum (USNM) while working on his publication regarding Alaska. In 1880, Dall was officially appointed honorary curator at the USNM, Division of Mollusks, a position he held until his death and without remuneration, as he could not be paid for both his work with the USGS and the USNM.

Dall was a prolific writer. Between his earliest writings on the Alaskan expedition in 1865 as a correspondent for the Alta California until his death in 1927, Dall published more than five-hundred scientific short papers. Among his larger works, Dall's Contributions to the Tertiary Fauna of Florida, 6 volumes (1890-1903), is still considered the most important American publication on cenozoic molluscan paleontology. Dall's other writings include Alaska and its Resources (1870) and his biography, Spencer Fullerton Baird (1915). Among his honorary degrees and awards, Dall was awarded the Gold Medal by the Wagner Free Institute of Science, Philadelphia (1899), for his work on paleontology; the Honorary Doctor of Science degree, University of Pennsylvania (1904); and the Honorary Doctor of Laws degree, George Washington University (1915).
Topic:
Invertebrate zoology  Search this
Natural history  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scientific illustrations
Photographs
Maps
Diaries
Field notes
Scientific illustrations
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7073, William Healey Dall Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7073
See more items in:
William Healey Dall Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7073

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1865-1927. INCOMING AND OCCASIONAL OUTGOING. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY THEREUNDER.

Collection Creator::
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Note:
This series consists of correspondence received from and occasionally written to publishers, administrators of scientific organizations, colleagues, lawyers, scientific societies, and private collectors of mollusca concerning receipts for gifts of publications, requests for monographs and journal articles, organizational dues, scientific and social society meetings, appointments to scientific societies, provisions needed for expeditions, monthly reports for the United States National Museum, Division of Mollusks, and the United States Geological Survey, United States Coast Survey material, Alaskan politics and the treatment of Alaskan natives by agents of fur companies, translation of Russian names and vocabulary, nomenclature and requests for identification of mollusk collections, purchase of mollusk collections, lists of collections shipped out and mollusk collections needed by the United States National Museum, Western Union Telegraph Expedition reports, surveys, field notes, maps, politics, and family and personal matters.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7073, William Healey Dall Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7073, Series 4
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William Healey Dall Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7073-refidd1e1101

Bound volume, mostly incoming, 1871-1872, contains progress reports and financial statements pertaining to the United States Coast Survey expedition to the Aleutian Islands, along with correspondence to and from Dall, mostly regarding the expedition. M...

Collection Creator::
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7073, William Healey Dall Papers
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William Healey Dall Papers
William Healey Dall Papers / Series 3: MEMORANDA, DEPARTMENT OF MOLLUSKS, 1880-1887. INCOMING AND OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE, BOUND, 1866-1926. / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7073-refidd1e618

Bound volume, mostly incoming, 1872-1874. Material includes the following:

Collection Creator::
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7073, William Healey Dall Papers
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William Healey Dall Papers
William Healey Dall Papers / Series 3: MEMORANDA, DEPARTMENT OF MOLLUSKS, 1880-1887. INCOMING AND OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE, BOUND, 1866-1926. / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7073-refidd1e689

Outgoing correspondence I, letterpress, 1866-1867, 1870-1871 (indexed), includes correspondence to administrators, colleagues and relatives relating mostly to the Western Union Telegraph Expedition (1866-1867), and the United States Coast Survey Expedi...

Collection Creator::
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7073, William Healey Dall Papers
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William Healey Dall Papers
William Healey Dall Papers / Series 3: MEMORANDA, DEPARTMENT OF MOLLUSKS, 1880-1887. INCOMING AND OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE, BOUND, 1866-1926. / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7073-refidd1e738

NOTEBOOKS, 1871-1882. UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY NOTEBOOKS, NATURAL HISTORY AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTEBOOKS. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY.

Collection Creator::
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Note:
This series of 16 notebooks includes 14 notebooks containing a various assortment of material taken from Dall's expeditions to Alaska under the auspices of the United States Coast Survey (1871-1880). This Alaskan material contains field notes, current and tidal observations, log notes regarding barometer readings and thermometer readings of the ocean. There are lists of birds, Aleutian whale names and sketches of whales along with lists of specimens of birds collected and field notes regarding strata. Four notebooks on magnetic bearings taken on board the Humboldt (1871-1874), one notebook containing the same information taken on board the Yukon (1874), and two notebooks containing weather and bearing readings on board the Yukon (1880), appear to be copies taken from other original material. The two notebooks not containing material taken under the U.S.C.S. are: (l) Natural History Short Notes and References to Papers, 1875; (2) List of Dall's publications and communications to the press, circa 1882.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7073, William Healey Dall Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7073, Series 8
See more items in:
William Healey Dall Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7073-refidd1e7578

Box 24

Collection Creator::
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7073, William Healey Dall Papers
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William Healey Dall Papers
William Healey Dall Papers / Series 8: NOTEBOOKS, 1871-1882. UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY NOTEBOOKS, NATURAL HISTORY AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTEBOOKS. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY.
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7073-refidd1e7604

Folders 1-4 Humbolt

Collection Creator::
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7073, William Healey Dall Papers
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William Healey Dall Papers
William Healey Dall Papers / Series 8: NOTEBOOKS, 1871-1882. UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY NOTEBOOKS, NATURAL HISTORY AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTEBOOKS. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY. / Box 24
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7073-refidd1e7612

Folder 5 Yukon

Collection Creator::
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7073, William Healey Dall Papers
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William Healey Dall Papers
William Healey Dall Papers / Series 8: NOTEBOOKS, 1871-1882. UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY NOTEBOOKS, NATURAL HISTORY AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTEBOOKS. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY. / Box 24
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7073-refidd1e7633

Folder 6 Yukon 1880

Collection Creator::
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7073, William Healey Dall Papers
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William Healey Dall Papers
William Healey Dall Papers / Series 8: NOTEBOOKS, 1871-1882. UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY NOTEBOOKS, NATURAL HISTORY AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTEBOOKS. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY. / Box 24
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7073-refidd1e7642

Folders 7-9 Field Notes

Collection Creator::
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7073, William Healey Dall Papers
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William Healey Dall Papers
William Healey Dall Papers / Series 8: NOTEBOOKS, 1871-1882. UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY NOTEBOOKS, NATURAL HISTORY AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTEBOOKS. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY. / Box 24
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7073-refidd1e7651
Online Media:

Box 24A

Collection Creator::
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7073, William Healey Dall Papers
See more items in:
William Healey Dall Papers
William Healey Dall Papers / Series 8: NOTEBOOKS, 1871-1882. UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY NOTEBOOKS, NATURAL HISTORY AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTEBOOKS. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY.
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7073-refidd1e7697

Folders 10-13 Field Notes

Collection Creator::
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7073, William Healey Dall Papers
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William Healey Dall Papers
William Healey Dall Papers / Series 8: NOTEBOOKS, 1871-1882. UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY NOTEBOOKS, NATURAL HISTORY AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTEBOOKS. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY. / Box 24A
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7073-refidd1e7705
Online Media:

Outgoing correspondence II, letterpress, 1871-1873 (indexed), regarding the United States Coast Survey expedition to Alaska. Material includes the following:

Collection Creator::
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7073, William Healey Dall Papers
See more items in:
William Healey Dall Papers
William Healey Dall Papers / Series 3: MEMORANDA, DEPARTMENT OF MOLLUSKS, 1880-1887. INCOMING AND OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE, BOUND, 1866-1926. / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7073-refidd1e771

Folder 14 Natural History

Collection Creator::
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7073, William Healey Dall Papers
See more items in:
William Healey Dall Papers
William Healey Dall Papers / Series 8: NOTEBOOKS, 1871-1882. UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY NOTEBOOKS, NATURAL HISTORY AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTEBOOKS. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY. / Box 24A
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7073-refidd1e7750

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