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Pullman Palace Car Company Collection

Creator:
Pullman Palace Car Co.  Search this
Pullman, George M., 1831-1897  Search this
Names:
Lincoln, Robert Todd  Search this
Extent:
8 Cubic feet (11 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Correspondence
Drawings
Date:
1867-1982
bulk 1900-1930
Summary:
Records of the Pullman Company, manufacturers and operators of railroad sleeping cars. Pullman also manufactured hospital and dining cars at its Chicago facilities. Dating from 1867 to 1982 (bulk 1900-1930s), the collection includes background materials, correspondence, financial, personnel and operating records, drawings and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of materials from 1867-1982 (bulk 1900-1930s), and includes background materials, correspondence, financial records, operating records, personnel records, drawings, and photographs. Of note is the documentation of hospital cars and instructions for porters. The collection is not a complete record of the Pullman Palace Car Company's activities.

Series 1, Historical Background, 1867-1982, contains newspaper clippings and articles about the Pullman Palace Car Company and George Pullman. Also included is a 318-page typescript titledThe History of the Sleeping Car 1923, by Charles S. Sweet; documentation on how Pullman cars were named; and other histories of the Pullman Company including its hospital cars and maquetry design.

Series 2, Correspondence, 1912-1960, consists primarily of documentation about the sale of cars and equipment by Pullman Palace Car Company to specific railroad companies. The correspondence details the cost per car and in some instances, leasing costs, operating costs, and other relevant statistical and financial information about the transactions. There is some consolidated data on cars sold to the railroads as well as summary data on the type of car sold, name of car, selling price, purchasers, and the date the sale was approved. The correspondence is organized chronologically within Pullman Company correspondence wrappers which were used to maintain the correspondence in a uniform manner and in consecutive date order.

Correspondence about hospital cars contains information on the rental of Pullman cars to the United States government as well as letters discussing specifications for building hospital unit cars for the United States Army. There is one folder of miscellaneous correspondence with individuals seeking copies of photographs from the company and/or offering their historical writings about the company.

Series 3, Financial Records, 1875-1930, consists primarily of details of cost documentation created by the Pullman Company's Manufacturing Department. The cost sheets are arranged chronologically and represent an itemized financial breakdown of costs by material, labor, extra equipment, sundries, and recapitulation for a variety of Pullman cars. The cover sheet for work orders notes the lot number, plan number, type of Pullman car (e.g. baggage, parlor, private) being manufactured or serviced/repaired, to whom the order belongs, and associated dates. For example, one private, steel car for Mr. D. J. Reid or general service parlor car for Southern Railway.

Series 4, Operating Records, 1875-1972, consists of records used by the company for daily operations, particularly instructions for porters as well as repair logbooks, volumes detailing car building completion, published supplements noting specific changes to cars, correspondence, reports, newspaper clippings, and lists of cars built by Pullman and cars withdrawn from service. Also included is the Illustrations Accompanying the Report of the Engineer-in-chief, H.C. Mais, on Observations on Railways Made During His Tour in 1883. Henry Coathupe Mais (1827-1916) was an English born civil engineer who spent most of his career in Australia. Mais toured railways and other works in Europe and America. His lengthy report with many detailed illustrations was printed in 1884 as a parliamentary paper. Some report pages were moldy and have been separated. These pages include: the index, pages 1-7; page 58; and pages 98-111.

The reports found in the "general file" include Sleeping, Parlor and Lounge Equipment (1945) and Pullman Passenger Survey A Continuing Study--Part II, (1955). The latter report by McFarland, Aveyard and Company studied attitudes and opinions of Pullman passengers. There is a typescript of a presentation made by George W. Bohannan of the Pullman Company to the American Association of Passenger Traffic Officers (1964).

The records documenting the completion of cars are bound volumes arranged chronologically. The volumes detail lot number, plan numbers, date of order, type of car, account name, date of delivery, destination route, estimate price, cost price, and contract price. In some instances, new information was glued or taped into the volume. The repair books capture the date, name of car, yard, name of porter, and date shipped.

Series 5, Personnel Records, 1873-1979, includes a payroll list for the General Ticket Department, 1876; instructions for passengers with cholera, 1873; reward notices for an 1878 robbery; instructional manuals for Pullman porters; photographs of Pullman Company employees working, and general correspondence, 1896-1979; ancedotes about Pullman porters; an obituary for George Arthur Kelly, an executive vice president for the Pullman Company; articles and newspaper clippings about porters and conductors, particularly the Society for the Prevention of Calling Pullman Car Porters "George." Started in 1916, the Society for the Prevention of Calling Pullman Car Porters "George" was founded by George W. Dulany, Jr., an Iowa lumber merchant. Dulany organized the society for fun after hearing passengers call every porter George. The society became a hobby and there were no meetings, dues, or activities associated with his work. Dulany's campaign was solely to have passengers use a porter's correct name or simply call them "porter."

Series 6, Drawings, 1907-1939 and undated, contains bound volumes arranged chronologically of records of tracings of drawings for Pullman cars. The volumes detail the negative number, date, type of car, job number, and remarks.

Series 7, Photographs, 1932-1950s and undated, consists primarily of black-and-white copy prints (8" x 10") documenting employees, especially porters, passengers, and hospital cars. Many of the hospital cars depict both the exterior and interior, but none with patients. The passenger photographs are almost exclusively interior images of persons dining, sleeping, playing cards, and in general seating areas. The Southern Pacific dining car photographs are original prints and bear the Pullman Car Company embossed stamp and unique number. This range of photographs is (Pullman photograph #32867 to #32873) and the images depict exterior and interior views of the dining cars. There is one album of ninety-nine photographs taken by Ricardo Villalba (active 1860-1880) in Peru. The album was made for W.W. Evans, Esquire in 1875. The images depict landscapes, bridges, train tracks, railroad cars, railroad engines, and buildings, such as the Pano Cathedral.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into seven series:

Series 1, Historical Background, 1867-1982

Series 2, Correspondence, 1912-1960

Series 3, Financial Records, 1875-1930

Series 4, Operating Records, 1875-1972

Series 5, Personnel Records, 1873-1979

Series 6, Drawings, 1907-1939 and undated

Series 7, Photographs, 1932-1950s and undated
Biographical / Historical:
George M. Pullman (1831-1897) developed the railroad passenger sleeping car service into a major 19th century industry. He created the Pullman Palace Car Company in 1867. George Pullman was succeeded as president of the company by Robert Todd Lincoln, President Abraham Lincoln's son, who served until 1911. In 1900, after buying competing companies, the firm was reorganized as the Pullman Company.

The idea for specially designed sleeping cars came to Pullman while traveling from Buffalo to Westfield, New York in 1854. He altered existing railroad cars in September, 1858, for service on the Chicago and Alton Railroad. They first sleeping car built to Pullman's specifications was the "pioneer," which carried part of the Lincoln funeral party from Chicago to Springfield, Illinois in 1865. In 1867 "hotel cars" were introduced. These sleeping cars, equipped with kitchen and dining facilities, eliminating the need for trains to stop at stations for passengers to buy food. In 1868, Pullman built the "Delmonica," devoted to restaurant purposes. The Pullman firm also built streetcars and trolleys.

In 1880 George Pullman built the town of Pullman, just south of the city of Chicago along the Illinois Central Railroad line, as the site for his manufacturing plant. Intended as a model manufacturing town, it had 12,000 residents in 1893. It suffered from the usual company town problems and was annexed to Chicago in 1889. In the wake of the depression of 1893 Pullman reduced wages for its workers by 25% or more. The American Railway Union, lead by Eugene V. Debs, sought to bring wage issues to arbitration but Pullman refused. In June, 1894 some 4,000 employees struck the company gaining support from thousands of railroad workers who refused to handle trains with Pullman cars. President Grover Cleveland sent federal troops to Chicago in July and after a period of sporadic violence the strike was over by the end of the summer.

In later years the Pullman company introduced several innovations. It built lighter, articulated cars of alloy steel beginning in 1936. The following year, it introduced the roomette car with eighteen enclosed private rooms. In 1956 Pullman introduced the dome sleeper car with an upper deck observation level. The United States anti-trust suit against Pullman Manufacturing and Operating Company resulted in a 1944 decision requiring a separation of car building and car operation activities. Pullman sold its sleeping car service, transferring its operating unit to a group of fifty-nine railway firms in 1947.

George Pullman introduced two notable practices. First, rather than operating railroads, his firm leased sleeping cars to the railroads and provided the complete services on them, including supplying porters, conductors, dining staff, and food and linens. Second, Pullman named each of his sleeping and dining cars rather than assigning them numbers. This was intended to enhance the company's image by creating a personality for the car. Different categories of names signified different categories of cars and geographical names also helped to promote travel to the areas in which they operated.

Arthur Detmers Dubin assembled these Pullman Company materials. Dubin was born in 1923 in Chicago, Illinois. He began his architectural education at the University of Michigan in 1941 but was interrupted by World War II, and he served with distinction in the United States Army until 1946. After completing his studies in 1949, Dubin joined his father's and uncle's architectural firm, Dubin and Dubin, as a second--eneration architect. The leadership of the firm soon passed to Arthur and his brother, Martin David, and in 1965 they were joined by John Black and in 1966 by John Moutoussamy. Arthur's life--ong interest in trains and transportation and their implications for architecture is evident in transit stations commissions and service on transportation--elated advisory boards (Dubin was a member of the Illinois Railroad Commission), as well as in his writings and personal collections. Dubin was an avid train enthusiast and collector.

References

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago Area Architects Oral History Project
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Pullman Palace Car Company Photographs (NMAH.AC.1175), contains photographs of Pullman cars: freight, passenger, private and street railway/rapid transit cars. The bulk of the collection contains approximately 13,500 original glass plate negatives, film negatives, and copy prints.

Industry on Parade (NMAH.AC.0507) contains Reel #99, Servicing Sleepers, 1952. The Pullman Coach Company, Chicago, Illinois.

Materials In Other Organizations

Art Institute of Chicago

Bombardier Corporation

California State Railroad Museum

Chicago Historical Society

Arthur Dubin Collection at Lakeforest College

Illinois Railway Museum

Newberry Library, Pullman Company Archives

The Pullman Company archives consists of 2,500 cubic feet of records from the Pullman Company and Pullman heirs. The collection is comprised of business archives of the Pullman Palace Car Company from 1867 and include records of the entire firm up to the 1924 split into operating (sleeping car operation, service, and repair) and manufacturiung companies. From 1924 to 1981 the records chronicle the activities of the operating company only.

Pennsylvania State Archives

Pullman State Historic Site

Pullman Technology (Harvey, Illinois)

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Arthur D. Dubin Papers (83-015; 83-076; 83-101)

South Suburban Genealogical & Historical Society (South Holland, illinois)
Provenance:
Collection materials were donated by Arthur D. Dubin in 1980 and on January 30, 1986. Additional materials were donated by Lorrain Douglass, Kiara S. Winans and Kristin Peterson on April 3, 2012.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Hospital cars  Search this
Hotel car  Search this
Roomette car  Search this
Dining cars  Search this
Labor relations  Search this
Railroads -- Dining-car service  Search this
Sleeping car  Search this
Strikes and lockouts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1930-1940
Correspondence -- 1930-1960
Drawings
Citation:
Pullman Palace Car Company Collection, 1867-1982, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0181
See more items in:
Pullman Palace Car Company Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep859ac8544-9c31-48af-be09-abe3d415e126
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0181
Online Media:

Medal, Distinguished Service Cross

Materials:
Copper Alloy
Silk
Non-Magnetic White Metal Alloy
Solder
Dimensions:
3-D (Medal): 4.8 × 0.3 × 5.1cm (1 7/8 × 1/8 × 2 in.)
3-D (Overall): 4.8 × 1.3 × 7.6cm (1 7/8 × 1/2 × 3 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Mr. Frederick H. Prince, Jr.
Inventory Number:
A19610085000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9032435e3-2f77-4a21-8cea-20c5240d2e3c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19610085000
Online Media:

Douglas SBD-6 Dauntless

Manufacturer:
Douglas Aircraft Company  Search this
Materials:
Metal, plastic, fabric
Dimensions:
Overall: 12 ft. 11 in. × 33 ft., 6959lb., 40 ft. 9 in. (3.937m × 10.058m, 3156.6kg, 12.421m)
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1940
Credit Line:
Transferred from the United States Navy.
Inventory Number:
A19610109000
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9e4e59693-acd8-4170-be24-c7854642b85b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19610109000

Coat, Dress, United States Army, Henry "Hap" Arnold

Manufacturer:
Cadet Store  Search this
Materials:
Overall: Wool
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Uniforms: Military
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Mrs. Henry H. Arnold
Inventory Number:
A19610211000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
Boeing Aviation Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv95f4a58f3-e7a3-46a0-a7b2-871d050e40ce
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19610211000

Insignia, 14th Air Force, United States Army Air Forces

Materials:
Non-Magnetic White Metal Alloy
Ferrous Alloy
Enamel
Copper Alloy
Dimensions:
3-D: 3 × 0.5cm (1 3/16 × 3/16 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Mrs. Dorothy Wise
Inventory Number:
A19630373000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv969c7c2c5-3de4-466a-a579-5fabaff512f4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19630373000
Online Media:

Insignia, 14th Air Force, United States Army Air Forces

Materials:
Cotton
Embroidery Thread
Dimensions:
3-D: 6.5 × 0.2cm (2 9/16 × 1/16 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Alex Massin
Inventory Number:
A19630402000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9c05535ed-b832-44b1-b940-0339e5b880a1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19630402000
Online Media:

Badge, Glider Pilot, United States Army Air Forces

Manufacturer:
Firmin  Search this
Materials:
Non-Magnetic White Metal Alloy
Copper Alloy
Dimensions:
3-D: 2.1 × 7.6 × 1cm (13/16 in. × 3 in. × 3/8 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Alex Massin
Inventory Number:
A19630403000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9c81d39b8-1186-4c36-bd6b-44122272abcb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19630403000
Online Media:

Badge, Cap, Enlisted, United States Army

Materials:
Copper Alloy
Dimensions:
3-D: 3.8 × 1cm (1 1/2 × 3/8 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Alex Massin
Inventory Number:
A19630404000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9e3c25c8e-b20a-4330-9ef5-a4b45ab0b7e6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19630404000
Online Media:

Medal, Good Conduct Medal, United States Army

Materials:
Copper Alloy
Silk
Non-Magnetic White Metal Alloy
Gold-Colored Plating
Possible Protective Coating
Dimensions:
3-D: 7 × 3.8 × 0.6cm (2 3/4 × 1 1/2 × 1/4 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Alexander J. Kaylas
Inventory Number:
A19630423000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9d53569a1-93f6-41b2-a075-6da1c2e5cfed
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19630423000
Online Media:

Ribbon Bar, WWII Victory, American Campaign, and Army Good Conduct Medals

Materials:
Silk
Copper Alloy
Gold-Colored Plating
Dimensions:
3-D: 11.1 × 1.1 × 1.3cm (4 3/8 × 7/16 × 1/2 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Alexander J. Kaylas
Inventory Number:
A19630425001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9a1f4e7ef-0b45-4f4f-a9fe-24bdb6d67aa5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19630425001
Online Media:

Badge, Air Crew Member, United States Army Air Forces

Materials:
Sterling Silver
Solder
Copper Alloy
Paper
Adhesive
Ink
Dimensions:
3-D: 8.3 × 1 × 2.4cm (3 1/4 × 3/8 × 15/16 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Alexander J. Kaylas
Inventory Number:
A19630426000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9cd72f310-ff31-4d41-8fff-9188684850e2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19630426000
Online Media:

Badge, Aerial Gunner, United States Army Air Forces

Manufacturer:
Moody Brothers  Search this
Materials:
Sterling Silver
Solder
Adhesive Tape
Ink
Dimensions:
3-D: 7.6 × 0.8 × 2.2cm (3 in. × 5/16 in. × 7/8 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Alexander J. Kaylas
Inventory Number:
A19630427000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv90ff56f81-a4b0-4ab4-b727-af5bed319df5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19630427000
Online Media:

Francois Valle

Artist:
Francois Marie Guyol de Guiran, 03 Jun 1775 - 09 Oct 1849  Search this
Sitter:
Francois Valle Jr., 1779 - 1849  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor on ivory
Dimensions:
Sight: 6.4cm x 4.7cm (2 1/2" x 1 7/8"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1812
Topic:
Miniature  Search this
Francois Valle Jr.: Male  Search this
Francois Valle Jr.: Military\Army\Officer\War of 1812  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Missouri Historical Society
Object number:
1985.68.2
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm43fd900af-d66a-4f3d-bb26-d7f2bf4e17e6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1985.68.2

Eddy Collection

Collection Creator:
Rinzler, Ralph  Search this
Container:
Box 1 (Series 5)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents note:
File consists of Bibliography of the Rodger I. Eddy Collection: Archaeology and Ceramics of Korea, March 1970, Department of the United States Army, Yongsan Special Services Library.
Collection Restrictions:
Large portions of this collection are digitized, and while these materials are being prepared for public access through this finding aid, researchers can request digital copies by contacting the Rinzler Archives at rinzlerarchives@si.edu or (202) 633-7322.
Collection Rights:
Copyright restrictions apply. Contact archives staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Ralph Rinzler papers and audio recordings, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.RINZ, File RINZ_05_001_031
See more items in:
Ralph Rinzler papers and audio recordings
Ralph Rinzler papers and audio recordings / Series 5: Fieldwork / 5.2: Korea
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk52fe9ca73-3ed4-4653-b24d-541733ce2dc0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-rinz-ref2512

Bartram Kelley Diaries

Creator:
Kelley, Bartnam, 1909-1998  Search this
Names:
Bell Helicopter Company  Search this
Extent:
2.7 Cubic feet ((6 boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Date:
bulk 1941-1980
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 47 diaries/engineering notebooks, containing highly detailed information and data relating to the design and development of the Bell Model 30 (which became the Model 47), the UH-1 Huey and the 206 JetRanger series, among other craft.
Biographical / Historical:
Bartram "Bart" Kelley (1909-1998) was a pioneering and distinguished helicopter engineer whose career was spent working for the Bell Aircraft and Bell Helicopter companies. Hired by Arthur M. Young, Kelley was instrumental in the design, testing, and development of such Bell aircraft as the H-13 Sioux, UH-1 Iroquois, AH-1G Cobra, OH-58 Kiowa, and XV-15. He became chief engineer of Bell's helicopter division in the late 1940s. After retirement in 1975, he served as a consultant for Bell Helicopter Textron. Bart Kelley was a fellow of the Helicopter Society, the American Institute of Aeronautics, the Royal Aeronautical Society, and the Society of Aeronautical Engineers. He was inducted into the United States Army Aviation Hall of Fame in 1994.
Provenance:
Dorothea N. Kelley, Gift, 2011
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Helicopters  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Bell 206A Jetranger  Search this
Bell UH-1 Iroquois (Huey) Series  Search this
Bell 30 Series  Search this
Bell 47  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries -- 20th century
Citation:
Bartram Kelley Diaries, Accession 2001-0057, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2001.0057
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2a4e6cb9f-33cc-491e-a6e7-5fa39dd32bec
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2001-0057

Paul S. Baker Papers

Creator:
Baker, Paul S.  Search this
Extent:
2.63 Cubic feet ((3 boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Panoramas
Photographic prints
Negatives
Correspondence
Reports
Maps
Date:
bulk 1929-1993
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following: five oversized rolled panoramic unit group photographs from Brooks Field, 1929; reports from the engineering department of Chance Vought Aircraft; pilot log books; design study brochures; the flight records of Paul S. Baker; volumes 1-5 of the Journal of the Aeronautical Sciences; correspondence; maps; ten issues of The Flying Kaydet; and photographs. The reports include information on the following aircraft: Vought F4U-1 Corsair; Vought XF5U-1 Skimmer; Vought F7U-3 Cutlass; Vought XF7U-1 Cutlass; Vought XF6U-1 Pirate; and North American P-51A Mustang. The photographs include: fifteen 3 x 5 black and white photographs taken during an orientation cruise in June 1946; nine 3.5 x 4.5 black and white photographs of the Vought XOS2U-1 Kingfisher; twelve 3.5 x 4.5 black and white photographs of the Vought XSB2U-1 Vindicator taken in 1937; twelve 3 x 4.5 negatives of the XO4U-2 Cockpit Cooling tank; eight 2.5 x 4 black and white photographs of employees working in the structures section of the Chance Vought Aircraft Engineering Department; one 3 x 5 black and white photograph of the plant of the Chance Vought Corporation in East Hartford, Connecticut.
Biographical / Historical:
Paul S. Baker (born October 2, 1907), received his Bachelor of Science degree in aeronautical engineering from MIT In 1929 and that same year learned to fly at Brooks Field, Texas. Baker was an experimental test pilot, chief of aerodynamics, engineering manager and chief technical engineer, for Vought-Sikorsky Aircraft and Chance Vought Aircraft - United Aircraft Corporation. Baker was active in the United States Army Air Corps Reserve, especially with the 118th Photo Section. Throughout his life, Baker was an activist for the environment and a member of several ornithological societies. After retirement, Baker began work with the Center for Conservation Biology.
Provenance:
Paul Seaman Baker, Gift, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Vought aircraft  Search this
Airports  Search this
Vougth F4U-1 Corsair  Search this
Vought XF5U-1 Skimmer  Search this
Vought F7U-3 Cutlass  Search this
Vought XF6U-1 Pirate  Search this
Vought XOS2U-1 Kingfisher  Search this
Vought XSB2U-1 Vindicator  Search this
North American P-51A Mustang  Search this
Vought XF7U-1 Cutlass  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Panoramas
Photographic prints
Negatives
Correspondence
Reports
Maps
Citation:
Paul S. Baker Papers, Accession number XXXX-0655, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0655
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg20f7068c3-87cc-4bf7-89b9-05074a2ad6b5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0655

Robert Butler World War II Photography

Creator:
Butler, Robert  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Cubic feet ((1 box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Articles
Leaflets
Date:
bulk 1942-1945
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following: fourteen negatives; a folder of calendars and invitations from the French Brigade de Bombardement (31st and 34 Escadres); a few articles written by Robert Butler; a propaganda leaflet in Arabic (probably for Operation Torch); a brochure on Edinburgh, Scotland, for the U.S. Armed Forces; and 138 black and white photographs, both snapshots as well as images by Army Air Corps photographers. The images show both personnel and aircraft, notably the Martin (Glenn L.) B-26 Marauder, at both MacDill Air Force Base and in North Africa and Sardinia.
Biographical / Historical:
Robert Butler was a Staff Sergeant with the United States Army Air Corps during World War II. Butler was a writer, stationed at MacDill Air Force Base in Tampa, Florida, and also appears to have spent time in North Africa with the 12th Air Force.
Provenance:
Judith L Butler-Lacy, Gift, 2016
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Martin (Glenn L.) B-26 Marauder (Model 179)  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Articles
Leaflets
Citation:
Robert Butler World War II Photography, Accession 2016-0036 , National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2016.0036
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg263645ebd-b21c-4c03-b702-93e19a03f1c1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2016-0036

[Page 48] "Air Corps News Letter," issued by the Office of the Chief of the Air Corps, War Department, Washington, D.C., Vol. XXII, No. 15

Collection Creator:
Kelsey, Benjamin Scovill, 1906-1981  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
August 1, 1939
Scope and Contents:
Issue "commemorating the 30th anniversary of the delivery of the first military airplane to the United States Army."
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
General Benjamin Kelsey Scrapbooks, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0026, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0026, Item NASM-9A16158-048A
See more items in:
General Benjamin Kelsey Scrapbooks
General Benjamin Kelsey Scrapbooks / NASM-9A16158: Scrapbook, "Scrap Book"
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2bde0aa40-74ec-403d-95a8-9f9696f07ece
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0026-ref4

Cyrus Bettis Collection

Creator:
Bettis, Cyrus  Search this
Names:
Pulitzer Trophy Race  Search this
United States. Army. Air Service  Search this
Patrick, Mason M. (Mason Mathews)  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Logs (records)
Correspondence
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1924-1926
Scope and Contents:
This collection consist of Cyrus Bettis' logbook, photographs, correspondence and news clippings that document the Pulitzer Trophy flights as well as Bettis' career as an Army Air Service pilot.
Biographical / Historical:
Cyrus Bettis (1893-1926) was one of the leading Army Air Service pursuit pilots in the early 1920s. Born in Carsonville, Michigan, Bettis entered the Army as a flying cadet in February 1918. He attended the school of Military Aeronautics at the University of Illinois and was sent to Camp Dick, Dallas, Texas in April of that year. He finished his flight training and was commissioned second lieutenant in the U.S. Army Air Service on September 11, 1918. On July 1, 1920, Bettis was commissioned in the Regular Army and promoted to first lieutenant. During the International Air Races in 1924, Lt. Bettis won the John L. Mitchell Trophy Race. Bettis won the 1925 Pulitzer Trophy competition and established a world record of 249.342 miles per hour, flying the Curtiss R3C-2 Racer in its land plane configuration. Bettis was also the backup pilot for the 1925 Schneider Trophy competition, and flew the R3C extensively in its float plane configuration. Bettis, along with Lt. James Doolittle, was awarded the Mackay Trophy for 1925. Bettis died at the Walter Reed General Hospital in Washington DC on September 1, 1926, as a result of injures he received in an aircraft accident on August 23, 1926, when in heavy fog he crashed into a mountainside near Bellefonte, Pennsylvania.
Provenance:
Aviationbug.com, purchase, 2009, NASM.2009.0038
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplane racing  Search this
Curtiss R3C-2 Racer  Search this
Genre/Form:
Logs (records)
Correspondence
Photographs
Citation:
Cyrus Bettis Collection, Acc. 2009.0038, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2009.0038
See more items in:
Cyrus Bettis Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2318487a6-b218-4e7b-bbc0-1972b721987c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2009-0038
Online Media:

Lewis Selwyn Webster Collection

Creator:
Webster, Lewis Selwyn, 1892-1957  Search this
Names:
Mitchell, William, 1879-1936  Search this
Webster, Lewis Frazer, 1920-1952  Search this
Extent:
0.79 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1917-1952
Summary:
This collection consists of material relating to the long military career (1918-1948) of aviator Lewis Selwyn Webster, including five of Webster's pilot's log books as well as numerous photographs, letters, news clippings, and other documents. A small section of the collection pertains to Webster's son, Lewis Frazer Webster, who served with the U.S. Air Force and was killed in action in Korea in 1952.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of material relating to the military career of Lewis Selwyn Webster, including five of Webster's pilot's log books, covering the dates 1918-1932, as well as numerous photographs (including two panoramic photographs), letters, and news clippings, and other documents gathered into a scrapbook binder. One of the panoramic photographs is 19 by 7.75 inches and shows the Station Supply Department at Duncan Field, San Antonio Texas, 1929. The second panoramic photograph is 40 by 8 inches and shows the commissioned officers of the 1st Provisional Air Brigade, who were gathered to take part in the Bombing Maneuvers at Langley Field, June 1921. The scrapbook binder contains photographs of Webster during flight training and subsequent military service; Webster's military records; photographs of various U.S. Army facilities; aerial photographs of various locations; a copy of the rules and regulations, Webster's flight log, and Webster's report pertaining to the 1919 Transcontinental Reliability and Endurance Test; news clippings; numerous photographs of the 1921 German battleship bombing trials; photographs and correspondence pertaining to the Panama Canal Zone, a 1924 memo from Mason M. Patrick to Commanding Officers regarding aircraft accidents; a program for the dedication of Randolph Field; and news clippings pertaining to Webster's participation in an aerial search for a gang of kidnappers. Aircraft depicted in the photographs include Dayton Wright DH-4, Curtiss JN-4D Jenny, de Havilland (Airco) D.H.9, Martin (Glenn L.) MB-2, Curtiss F-5L (PN-5), Curtiss O-1E Falcon, Douglas O-38, Douglas O-2, Boeing P-12, and the Handley Page H.P.42. Other photograph subjects include General William "Billy" Mitchell and aerial views of the 1933 Century of Progress exposition (World's Fair) in Chicago, Illinois. The collection also contains a copy of the publication A List of Airplane Pilot Officers of the United States Army Air Service Commissioned Prior to November 12, 1918.

A small portion of the collection pertains to Lewis Selwyn Webster's son, Lewis Frazer Webster, who served with the U.S. Air Force and was killed in action in Korea in 1952. This series contains military records of Lewis Frazer Webster, photographs, and news clippings. Aircraft depicted in the photographs in this series include Republic P-47 (F-47) Thunderbolt, Lockheed (F-80) P-80A Shooting Star, North American F-86 Sabre, and the Gloster Meteor.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series.

A small number of items in the collection have been digitized and attached to this finding aid.
Biographical / Historical:
Lewis Selwyn Webster was born in 1892. After graduating from high school, Webster enrolled in the University of Illinois but left college to join the U.S. Army Air Service during World War I. Webster completed Ground School at the University of Illinois in January 1918 and then went to flight training at Rich Field in Texas which he completed in June of that year. Webster then completed a flying instructor's course at Brooks Field, Texas before being ordered to Call Field, Texas and subsequently to Langley Field, Virginia. In October 1919, Webster participated in the first mass transcontinental air race, dubbed by the Air Service the "Transcontinental Reliability and Endurance Test," which was organized by General William "Billy" Mitchell. Webster finished seventh. Webster served under Mitchell with the 1st Provisional Air Brigade and, in June and July of 1921, participated in the sinking of German battleships in an area off the Chesapeake Bay under a program of aerial bombing tests operated jointly by the U.S. Army and the U.S. Navy. Under this same program, Webster participated in the sinking of the USS Alabama (BB-8) in September of that year. From 1922 to 1925, Webster served at France Field in the Panama Canal Zone in the capacity of engineering officer of the 7th Observation Squadron. Webster returned to Langley Field in November 1925 and completed Air Corps Tactical School there in 1939. From 1942 to 1944, Webster was the Commanding Officer of the 36th Fighter Squadron in Australia and New Guinea, and from 1945 to 1948 he commanded the 4832nd Specialized Depot in Topeka, Kansas. In 1948, Webster retired from military service as a Colonel and was active in civic and social service organizations in Lakeland, Florida until his death in 1957.

A small portion of the collection pertains to Lewis Selwyn Webster's son, Lewis Frazer Webster, who served with the U.S. Air Force and was killed in action in Korea in 1952.
Provenance:
Eric Webster, Gift, 2010, NASM.2010.0041.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Korean War, 1950-1953  Search this
Boeing P-12 (Model 102)  Search this
Curtiss F-5L (PN-5)  Search this
Curtiss JN-4 Jenny Family  Search this
Curtiss O-1E Falcon  Search this
Dayton Wright DH-4  Search this
Douglas O-2  Search this
de Havilland (Airco) D.H.9A  Search this
Douglas O-38  Search this
Gloster Meteor Family  Search this
Handley Page H.P.42  Search this
Lockheed (F-80) P-80A Shooting Star  Search this
Martin (Glenn L.) MB-2  Search this
North American F-86 Sabre Family  Search this
Republic P-47 (F-47) Thunderbolt Family  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Citation:
Lewis Selwyn Webster Collection, Acc. NASM.2010.0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2010.0041
See more items in:
Lewis Selwyn Webster Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg22899edc9-7fe8-4edb-964b-add05a7aba6e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2010-0041
Online Media:

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