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Edward Bruce papers, 1902-1960, bulk 1932-1942

Creator:
Bruce, Edward, 1879-1943  Search this
Bruce, Edward, 1879-1943  Search this
Subject:
Sterne, Maurice  Search this
Biddle, George  Search this
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano)  Search this
Stein, Leo  Search this
Dornbush, Adrian  Search this
Dows, Olin  Search this
Roosevelt, Eleanor  Search this
United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Section of Fine Arts  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Type:
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Place:
United States -- Politics and government -- 1933-1945
United States -- Social conditions -- 1933-1945
Topic:
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Government Sponsorship of the Arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7264
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209415
AAA_collcode_brucedwa
Theme:
Diaries
Lives of American Artists
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209415
Online Media:

Edward Bruce papers

Creator:
Bruce, Edward, 1879-1943  Search this
Names:
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Section of Fine Arts  Search this
Biddle, George, 1885-1973  Search this
Dornbush, Adrian, 1900-  Search this
Dows, Olin, 1904-1981  Search this
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962  Search this
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945  Search this
Stein, Leo, 1872-1947  Search this
Sterne, Maurice, 1878-1957  Search this
Extent:
8.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Place:
United States -- Politics and government -- 1933-1945
United States -- Social conditions -- 1933-1945
Date:
1902-1960
bulk 1932-1942
Summary:
The Edward Bruce papers measure 8.9 linear feet and date from 1902 to 1960, with the bulk of the material dating from 1932 to 1942. The collection documents Bruce's work as an artist, art collector, exhibition juror, and federal government art administrator, particularly his tenure as Director of the U. S. Treasury Department's Section of Fine Arts. Well over one-half of the collection consists of extensive correspondence with artists, art collectors and dealers, arts associations, galleries, and government officials, including President and Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Scope and Content Note:
The Edward Bruce papers measure 8.9 linear feet and date from 1902 to 1960, with the bulk of the material dating from 1932 to 1942. The collection documents Bruce's work as an artist, art collector, exhibition juror, and federal government art administrator, particularly his tenure as Director of the U. S. Treasury Department's Section of Fine Arts. Well over one-half of the collection consists of extensive correspondence with many notable artists and government officials. Also found is scattered biographical material, office diaries and speeches, personal financial material, printed material, four scrapbooks, and photographs.

A small amount of biographical material includes birth records and many awards and certificates. Bruce's correspondence files comprise over half of this collection, containing correspondence with family, friends, artists, art organizations, political figures, museums, art galleries, and government agencies. Found within the files is extensive correspondence with friend and art critic Leo Stein and artist friend Maurice Sterne. Additional artists Bruce corresponded with include George Biddle, Adrian Dornbush, and Olin Dows. Also included is correspondence documenting his career as Chief of the Treasury Department's Section of Fine Arts with government colleagues and officials, much of it concerning his role on various federal arts committees, including the Commission of Fine Arts. There is also extensive correspondence with Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt concerning federal and public art projects.

Writings include office diaries and notebooks containing notes, addresses, lists of Section of Fine Arts projects, and dated work entries. There are copies of numerous written speeches given by Bruce on the importance of art, public art projects, and political issues. Financial material consists of a small number of items documenting Bruce's financial activity such as tax and insurance records, bills, a cash book, and house leases. Printed material documents Edward Bruce's career as an artist and federal arts projects and programs. Found are news clippings and magazine articles, exhibition catalogs, brochures, bulletins from the Section of Fine Arts, published speeches, and miscellaneous publications. Four scrapbooks contain news clippings, letters, photographs, and other printed material highlighting Bruce's career.

Extensive photographs include photographs of Bruce's artwork, portraits of Bruce, the Bruces with family and with friends and at many special events, including an NBC radio broadcast and at an exhibition with Eleanor Roosevelt. There are also photographs taken by Bruce during his travels and while living in Anticoli Carrado, Italy.
Arrangement:
The Edward Bruce collection is arranged into 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1904-1938 (Box 1, OV 11; 3 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1921-1957 (Boxes 1-6; 5.5 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1931-1942 (Box 6; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 4: Financial Material, circa 1909-1913, circa 1928-1943(Box 6, 0.3 linear feet)

Series 5: Printed Material, circa 1919, circa 1926-1943, 1960 (Box 7, 0.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, 1922-1941 (Box 7-8; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Photographs, circa 1902-1943 (Box 7, 9-10; 1.0 linear foot)

Although the collection no longer matches the exact filmed order, large groups of materials have been maintained in film order, particularly the correspondence. Microfilm reel and frame number notations are provided at the folder level when known.
Biographical Note:
Edward Bruce was born in 1879 in Dover Plains, New York. Though he enjoyed painting at a young age, he pursued a career in law and graduated from Columbia Law School in 1904. He practiced law in New York and in Manila, Philippines and was actively involved in international issues. He became president of the Pacific Development Corporation of California, was a lobbyist for the Philippine Independence Bill, and, in 1933, attended the London Economic Conference as a silver expert.

In 1923 Bruce gave up his career in law and business and began to paint, particularly landscapes. He and his wife Peggy spent the next six years in Anticoli Carrado, Italy where he studied painting from his friend and fellow artist Maurice Sterne. Bruce returned to the United States in 1929 and settled in California, exhibiting his artwork to much public and critical praise. In addition, Bruce was an avid collector of Chinese art.

In 1933 Bruce was appointed Chief of the newly established Public Works of Art Project, a federal government New Deal program within the U.S. Treasury Department, that employed artists to decorate numerous public buildings and parks. Though this federal program lasted less than a year, Bruce worked with Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau, Jr., to establish the Treasury Department's Section of Painting and Sculpture in 1934 - later renamed the Section of Fine Arts in 1938. Bruce was appointed Director of the department and played a primary role in securing federal government support for American artists. In 1940 he was appointed to the Commission of Fine Arts by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

Bruce received many honors and awards during his lifetime both for his work as an artist and for his capable and dedicated administration of federal arts programs. Despite poor health, he continued his work for the Section of Fine Arts until shortly before his death in 1943.
Related Material:
Other resources in the Archives relating to Edward Bruce include an oral history interview with Margaret (Peggy) Bruce on October 11, 1963 conducted by Harlan Phillips. Miscellaneous Manuscript Collections include one file of material, 1933-1960, concerning Edward Bruce that was donated by the U.S. General Services Administration in 1986 and microfilmed on reel 3960.

Also available at the Archives are two collections of records loaned by the U.S. National Archives from their Public Buildings Administration records and the records of the Public Works of Art Project for microfilming by the Archives. Microfilm reels DC1-DC 13 and DC116-DC128 contain Edward Bruce's files and correspondence, respectively.
Separated Material:
A book Art in Federal Buildings by Forbes Watson and Edward Bruce was donated to AAA with Bruce's papers and microfilmed with the rest of collection on Microfilm Reel D91-D92, and then transferred to the Smithsonian American Art Museum Library.
Provenance:
The Edward Bruce papers were donated by Margaret (Peggy) Bruce, Edward Bruce's wife, in 1962. Additional printed material, financial records, and photographs of artwork were donated by Mrs. Bruce's niece, Maria Ealand in 1979.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. The collection is partially microfilmed. Use of material not microfilmed requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters  Search this
Arts administrators  Search this
Topic:
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Citation:
Edward Bruce papers, 1902-1960 (bulk 1932-1942). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.brucedwa
See more items in:
Edward Bruce papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-brucedwa

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Alternate Title:
Study for unexecuted painting, The Big Three at Yalta
Artist:
Douglas Granville Chandor, 20 Aug 1897 - 13 Jan 1953  Search this
Sitter:
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 30 Jan 1882 - 12 Apr 1945  Search this
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, 30 Nov 1874 - 24 Jan 1965  Search this
Joseph Stalin, 21 Dec 1879 - Mar 1953  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Sight: 110.5 x 90.2cm (43 1/2 x 35 1/2")
Frame: 136.2 x 115.9 x 7.6cm (53 5/8 x 45 5/8 x 3")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1945
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Pince-nez  Search this
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Cigarette  Search this
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Writing implement\Pencil  Search this
Costume\Outerwear\Cape  Search this
Preparatory sketch  Search this
Joseph Stalin: Male  Search this
Joseph Stalin: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Revolutionary  Search this
Joseph Stalin: Politics and Government\Foreign Leader\Dictator  Search this
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill: Male  Search this
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill: Literature\Writer  Search this
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill: Politics and Government\Foreign Leader\Prime Minister\Great Britain  Search this
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill: Nobel Prize  Search this
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Male  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Vice-Presidential Candidate  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.68.49
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
America's Presidents (Reinstallation September 2017)
On View:
NPG, West Gallery 210
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4f53c3181-5126-4800-a5f1-ff042d2b92ca
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.68.49

The loneliness of the Black Republican : pragmatic politics and the pursuit of power / Leah Wright Rigueur

Author:
Wright Rigueur, Leah 1981-  Search this
Subject:
Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ) History  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 397 pages, 10 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2016
20th century
1933-1945
1945-1989
Topic:
African Americans--Politics and government  Search this
African American politicians--History  Search this
African American political activists--History  Search this
Conservatism--History  Search this
Politics, Practical--History  Search this
Power (Social sciences)--History  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1105491

American warlords : how Roosevelt's high command led America to victory in World War II / Jonathan W. Jordan

Title:
How Roosevelt's high command led America to victory in World War II
Author:
Jordan, Jonathan W. 1967-  Search this
Subject:
Roosevelt, Franklin D (Franklin Delano) 1882-1945 Military leadership  Search this
Eisenhower, Dwight D (Dwight David) 1890-1969  Search this
Stimson, Henry L (Henry Lewis) 1867-1950  Search this
Marshall, George C (George Catlett) 1880-1959  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 607 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Biographies
History
Place:
United States
History
Date:
2015
20th century
1933-1945
Topic:
Presidents  Search this
Generals  Search this
Command of troops  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1057437

Invisible hands : the making of the conservative movement from the New Deal to Reagan / Kim Phillips-Fein

Author:
Phillips-Fein, Kim  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 356 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2009
©2009
20th century
1933-1945
1945-1989
Topic:
Conservatism--History  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1107619

A blueprint for war : FDR and the hundred days that mobilized America / Susan Dunn

Title:
FDR and the hundred days that mobilized America
Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the hundred days that mobilized America
Author:
Dunn, Susan 1945-  Search this
Subject:
Roosevelt, Franklin D (Franklin Delano) 1882-1945  Search this
Physical description:
252 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2018
1933-1945
Topic:
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1093989

The memoirs of Herbert Hoover

Author:
Hoover, Herbert 1874-1964  Search this
Subject:
Hoover, Herbert 1874-1964  Search this
Hoover, Herbert 1874-1964  Search this
Physical description:
3 volumes : illustrations ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Autobiographies
Place:
United States
Date:
1951
1952
1951-52
1919-1933
1933-1945
Topic:
Presidents  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Call number:
CT275.H789 A1
E802 .H7X
CT275.H789A1
E802.H7X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_23257

The great exception : the New Deal & the limits of American politics / Jefferson Cowie

Author:
Cowie, Jefferson  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 273 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2017
20th century
1933-1945
1945-1989
Topic:
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Liberalism  Search this
Social conflict--History  Search this
Political culture--History  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Social conditions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1083293

Franklin D. Roosevelt : a political life / Robert Dallek

Author:
Dallek, Robert  Search this
Subject:
Roosevelt, Franklin D (Franklin Delano) 1882-1945  Search this
Physical description:
x, 692 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Biographies
Place:
United States
Date:
2017
1933-1945
1919-1933
Topic:
Presidents  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1089925

The Negro in depression and war; prelude to revolution, 1930-1945, edited with commentary by Bernard Sternsher

Compiler:
Sternsher, Bernard 1925-  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 338 pages 22 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
1969
[©1969]
1877-1964
1929
1933-1945
Topic:
African Americans--History  Search this
Depressions  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1077583

First ladies and American women : in politics and at home / Jill Abraham Hummer

Author:
Hummer, Jill Abraham  Search this
Physical description:
x, 269 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2017
20th century
21st century
1929-1933
1933-1945
1945-1989
1989-
Topic:
Presidents' spouses--History  Search this
Presidents' spouses  Search this
Presidents' spouses--Family relationships--History  Search this
Women--Political activity--History  Search this
Sex role--History  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1082444

Character above all : ten presidents from FDR to George Bush / edited by Robert A. Wilson

Author:
Wilson, Robert A. 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
256 p. : 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1995
C1995
20th century
1933-1945
1945-1989
1989-1993
Topic:
Presidents--History  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_800327

The defining moment : FDR's hundred days and the triumph of hope / Jonathan Alter

Author:
Alter, Jonathan  Search this
Subject:
Roosevelt, Franklin D (Franklin Delano) 1882-1945  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 415 p., [16] p. of plates : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2006
C2006
1932
1933-1945
Topic:
Presidents  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Presidents--Election  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Economic policy  Search this
Social conditions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_800709

Kingfish : the reign of Huey P. Long / Richard D. White, Jr

Author:
White, Richard D (Richard Downing) 1945-  Search this
Subject:
Long, Huey Pierce 1893-1935  Search this
United States Congress Senate  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 361 p., [16] p. of plates : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Louisiana
Date:
2006
C2006
1933-1945
1865-1950
Topic:
Legislators  Search this
Governors  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_800878

Address unknown / Kathrine Kressmann Taylor

Author:
Taylor, Kathrine Kressmann  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) ; 16 cm
Type:
Fiction
Place:
California
San Francisco
Germany
San Francisco (Calif.)
Date:
2001
1938
1933-1945
Topic:
Jews  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Call number:
PS3539.A944 A33 2001
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_806550

The people and the president : America's conversation with FDR / [compiled by] Lawrence W. Levine and Cornelia R. Levine

Author:
Levine, Lawrence W  Search this
Levine, Cornelia R  Search this
Subject:
Roosevelt, Franklin D (Franklin Delano) 1882-1945  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 612 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Correspondence
Sources
Place:
United States
Date:
2002
C2002
1933-1945
Topic:
Presidents  Search this
American letters  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Social conditions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_807829

For the survival of democracy : Franklin Roosevelt and the world crisis of the 1930s / Alonzo L. Hamby

Author:
Hamby, Alonzo L  Search this
Subject:
Roosevelt, Franklin D (Franklin Delano) 1882-1945  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 492 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Great Britain
Germany
Date:
2004
C2004
1929
1919-1932
1933-1945
1918-1945
Topic:
Depressions  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
World politics  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Economic conditions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_810089

This land, this nation : conservation, rural America, and the New Deal / Sarah T. Phillips

Author:
Phillips, Sarah T. 1974-  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 289 p. : ill., map ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2007
20th century
1933-1945
Topic:
Conservation of natural resources--History  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_817007

FDR and the Soviet Union : the President's battles over foreign policy / Mary E. Glantz

Author:
Glantz, Mary E  Search this
Subject:
Roosevelt, Franklin D (Franklin Delano) 1882-1945  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 253 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Soviet Union
Date:
2005
C2005
1933-1945
1929-1933
1917-1936
1936-1953
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Diplomatic history  Search this
Foreign relations  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_820817

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