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Historical Records of the DeWolf Family

Created by:
James DeWolf, American, 1764 - 1837  Search this
Dimensions:
Archives (Cubic feet): 1.8 ft
Type:
photographs
shipping records
correspondence
Place depicted:
Cuba, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Bristol, Rhode Island, United States, North and Central America
West Indies, Caribbean, North and Central America
Date:
1757-1947
Topic:
African American  Search this
Business  Search this
Commerce  Search this
Domestic slave trade  Search this
Finance  Search this
Illegal slave trade  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Photography  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Sugarcane  Search this
Trans Atlantic slave trade  Search this
U.S. History, 1783-1815  Search this
U.S. History, 1815-1861  Search this
U.S. History, 1865-1921  Search this
U.S. History, Colonial period, 1600-1775  Search this
U.S. History, Revolution, 1775-1783  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
A2018.17.2
Restrictions & Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions may apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Rights assessment and proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Historical Records of the DeWolf Family
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Archival Collections
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5d4d09cdf-0a71-4ca7-90a8-1acf1fe75124
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_A2018.17.2

The field of blood violence in Congress and the road to civil war Joanne B. Freeman

Author:
Freeman, Joanne B. 1962-  Search this
Subject:
United States Congress History  Search this
United States Congress History  Search this
United States Congress History  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 450 pages illustrations 24 cm
Type:
Books
Nonfiction
History
Place:
United States
États-Unis
Date:
2018
19th century
19e siècle
1815-1861
1861-1865
Civil War, 1861-1865
1861-1865 (Guerre de Sécession)
Topic:
Legislators--History  Search this
Legislators--Violence against  Search this
Political violence--History  Search this
Political culture--History  Search this
Parlementaires--Histoire  Search this
Violence politique--Histoire  Search this
HISTORY / United States / Civil War Period (1850-1877).)  Search this
POLITICAL SCIENCE / American Government / Legislative Branch  Search this
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Corruption & Misconduct  Search this
Legislators  Search this
Political culture  Search this
Political violence  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
History  Search this
Politique et gouvernement  Search this
Histoire  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1158302

Historical Records of the DeWolf Family

Creator:
DeWolf, James, 1764-1837  Search this
Names:
Bellin, J.H.  Search this
DeWolf, George  Search this
Elfelt, Peter  Search this
Oliver, Louis  Search this
Extent:
1.8 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Place:
Cuba
Caribbean
Rhode Island
West Indies
Date:
1757-1947
Scope and Contents:
The Papers of the DeWolf Family shed light on one of the wealthiest New England families in the 18th-19th centuries who made their fortune by engaging in each part of the transatlantic slave trade. This collection is comprised of photographs, correspondence, publications, and business records including daily logs and ship manifests. Included in the collection are ship business records and documents from multiple countries including Cuba, the Netherlands, China, and India.
Arrangement:
The materials in this collection have been kept at the folder level and separated into five series. The materials have been ordered and organized based on the content.
Biographical / Historical:
Rhode Island dominated the North American transatlantic slave trade, led by the DeWolf family of Bristol. They financed their wealthy lifestyle by engaging in each part of the triangular trade, which involved the shipping of natural resources from the Caribbean to America and Europe for manufacturing, then using them to fund the purchase of enslaved persons. The DeWolf family owned numerous sugar and coffee plantations in Cuba. Sugar from the Cuba plantations was made into molasses, transported to Rhode Island in DeWolf vessels, and transformed into rum in DeWolf-owned distilleries. The rum was then taken to Africa and used as payment for enslaved captives, who were eventually sold in Cuba and other southern ports for tremendous profit. Between 1769 and 1820, it is believed the DeWolf-owned vessels carried more than 12,000 enslaved Africans across the Middle Passage. The profit generated from these trade endeavors allowed the family to start a bank and insurance company.

The first patriarch of the DeWolf family was Mark Anthony DeWolf (1726-1792). Mark emigrated from Guadeloupe Island in the West Indies after serving as a deckhand on a slave trading ship owned by privateer Simeon Potter. Mark married Potter's sister Abigail and they had 15 children. Their son James DeWolf, born on March 18, 1764 in Bristol, was most apt to take over the family business. James, like his father, worked as a slave trader, privateer, and a politician, including time as an U. S. Senator for Rhode Island. During the Revolutionary War, DeWolf served as a sailor on a private armed vessel that was twice captured by the British. By his early twenties, his past experiences saw him promoted to the rank of captain of a ship. James married Nancy Ann Bradford, daughter of the Massachusetts governor William Bradford, in 1790. Together they had 11 children.

In 1791, DeWolf was indicted for murdering an enslaved woman on his ship. The enslaved woman may have had smallpox and DeWolf claimed that she threatened the lives of all the enslaved persons and crew members on board. DeWolf and two crew members agreed to throw the woman overboard to her death. Judge John Jay discovered the story and reported it to President George Washington who gave orders for DeWolf's immediate arrest, citing violation of the Federal Slave Trade Law of 1790. DeWolf fled to the West Indies and by 1795 the charges were dropped. The judge declared that "this act of James De Wolfe was morally evil, but at the same time physically good and beneficial to a number of beings." Further, it was the "least" of the "two evils," and the accusations against DeWolf were "groundless."

Buoyed by the acquittal, DeWolf's family continued their criminal activity within the slave trading business. In 1794, Congress outlawed Americans carrying slaves between foreign countries or into countries that had statutes against the trade. In order to circumvent these laws, DeWolf called in a favor with Thomas Jefferson to appoint his brother-in-law, Charles Collins, a customs inspector. Collins ignored many of the slave ships moving in and out of the harbor that in turn allowed the DeWolf family to continue profiting from human suffering. DeWolf funneled his slave trading efforts through Cuba, the only open Caribbean trade port with American access. DeWolf continually shipped men, women, and children from American soil to Cuba.

In 1808, Congress banned the importation of enslaved into the United States and DeWolf turned to new ventures to keep his wealth, including privateering. During the War of 1812, his ship Yankee was the most successful privateer of the war, capturing prizes worth over three million dollars. In order to continue to profit off slavery, DeWolf founded the Arkwright Mill in Coventry, Rhode Island, which became a pioneer in the processing and manufacturing of cotton harvested by enslaved people. The family also maintained plantations in Cuba, and James' nephew, George DeWolf, continued trading enslaved persons at least until 1820 when it became punishable by death. From 1817-1821, DeWolf served as a member of the Rhode Island State House of Representatives; he was promoted to Speaker of the House from 1819-1821. In 1821, he was elected a U.S Senator for Rhode Island and served five years of his six-year term. He resigned and returned to the State House of Representatives from 1829 until his death in 1837. James DeWolf died in New York City on December 21, 1837. It was reported at his death that he was the second wealthiest man in America.

Historical Timeline

1726 -- Mark Anthony DeWolf was born

1764 -- James DeWolf was born in Bristol, Rhode Island, son of Mark Anthony and Abigail DeWolf

1775-83 -- James DeWolf served as a sailor in the Revolutionary War

1790 -- James DeWolf married Nancy Bradford, daughter of Massachusetts Governor William Bradford

1791 -- James DeWolf was indicted for murdering an enslaved woman on his slaving ship

1792 -- Mark Anthony DeWolf died leaving the business to his son, James

1795 -- All charges against James in the death of an enslaved woman on-board his ship in 1791 were dismissed

1808 -- Congress abolishes the African slave trade

1812 -- James DeWolf built the Arkwright Mills in Coventry, Rhode Island. He also served a privateer in the War of 1812

1817 -- James DeWolf began serving as a representative in the Rhode Island House of Representatives

1819 -- DeWolf began serving as the Speaker of the House in Rhode Island State General Assembly

1821-25 -- James DeWolf served as U.S. Senator for Rhode Island

1829 -- James DeWolf returned as a member of the State House of Representatives

1837 -- James DeWolf died in New York City, New York
Provenance:
Acquired through a purchase by the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.
Restrictions:
Portions of this collection are restricted from use as means to further preserve the collection. Digital surrogates are available for portions of this collection.
Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions may apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Topic:
Slavery  Search this
Domestic Slave Trade  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Sugar  Search this
Transatlantic Slave Trade  Search this
Coffee  Search this
Rum  Search this
United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783  Search this
United States -- History -- Colonial period -- Societies  Search this
Photography  Search this
Shipping  Search this
United States -- History -- 1815-1861  Search this
United States -- History -- 1783-1815  Search this
United States -- History -- 1865-1921  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Citation:
Historical Records of the DeWolf Family, National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAAHC.A2018.17.2
See more items in:
Historical Records of the DeWolf Family
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/io3fc558353-14d8-4cec-ac12-ddf21cf9a8d4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmaahc-a2018-17-2
Online Media:

Unworthy republic the dispossession of Native Americans and the road to Indian territory Claudio Saunt

Author:
Saunt, Claudio  Search this
Physical description:
xix, 396 pages illustrations, maps 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
États-Unis
United States
Mississippi-Gebiet
Date:
2021
1789-1869
1815-1861
Topic:
Indian Removal, 1813-1903  Search this
Government relations  Search this
History, 19th Century  Search this
Indigenous Removal, 1813-1903  Search this
Indigenous peoples--Government relations  Search this
Indiens d'Amérique--Déplacement, 1813-1903  Search this
Indiens d'Amérique--Relations avec l'État  Search this
HISTORY--19th Century  Search this
HISTORY--Native American  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Indianer  Search this
Indianerreservat  Search this
Minderheitenpolitik  Search this
Umsiedlung  Search this
Native Americans--Government relations  Search this
History  Search this
Histoire  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1158942

Golden Legacy Illustrated History Magazine: The Saga of Harriet Tubman, "The Moses of Her People," Vol. 2

Written by:
Joan Bacchus Maynard, American, 1928 - 2006  Search this
Francis Taylor  Search this
L.C. Arty  Search this
Illustrated by:
Tom Feelings, American, 1933 - 2003  Search this
Ezra Jackson  Search this
Published by:
Fitzgerald Publishing Co., Inc., American, founded 1966  Search this
Subject of:
Harriet Tubman, American, 1822 - 1913  Search this
Daniel Hale Williams, American, 1858 - 1931  Search this
Ira Aldridge, American, 1807 - 1867  Search this
Bishop James Augustine Healy, American, 1830 - 1900  Search this
Jean-Baptist-Point Du Sable, Haitian, 1750 - 1818  Search this
Golden Legacy: Illustrated History Magazine, American, founded 1966  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product) with metal
Dimensions:
H x W x D (Closed): 10 1/4 × 6 13/16 × 1/8 in. (26 × 17.3 × 0.3 cm)
H x W x D (Open): 10 1/4 × 13 3/8 × 11/16 in. (26 × 34 × 1.7 cm)
Type:
comic books
Place printed:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Maryland, United States, North and Central America
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Auburn, Cayuga County, New York, United States, North and Central America
St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada, North and Central America
Date:
1967
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
American South  Search this
Comics and graphic novels  Search this
Education  Search this
Fugitive enslaved  Search this
Slavery  Search this
U.S. History, 1815-1861  Search this
U.S. History, Civil War, 1861-1865  Search this
United States History  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2019.22.12
Restrictions & Rights:
© 1966 Fitzgerald Publishing Co., Inc
Permission required for use. Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse, C 050
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd59236e07d-0ffa-48fd-b51e-2723d1b3cad1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2019.22.12
Online Media:

Charleston slave badge from 1850 for Mechanic No. 23

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Medium:
copper
Dimensions:
H x W: 2 1/16 x 2 in. (5.2 x 5.1 cm)
Type:
slave hire badges
Place made:
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1850
Topic:
African American  Search this
Labor  Search this
Skilled labor  Search this
Slave hire system  Search this
Slavery  Search this
U.S. History, 1815-1861  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2008.4
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Exhibition:
Making a Way Out of No Way
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Community/Third Floor, 3 050
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd58feedb3a-1c32-4f73-bf2f-3831d7af8c95
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2008.4
Online Media:

Robbing the Eagle's Nest

Created by:
Robert S. Duncanson, American, 1821 - 1872  Search this
Medium:
oil on canvas , wood
Dimensions:
H x W (unframed): 36 × 46 1/8 in. (91.4 × 117.2 cm)
Storage: 142.2 × 167.6 × 33 cm (56 × 66 × 13 in.)
H x W x D (framed): 46 1/4 × 56 × 3 1/8 in. (117.5 × 142.2 × 8 cm)
Type:
oil paintings
Place made:
Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1856
Topic:
African American  Search this
Art  Search this
U.S. History, 1815-1861  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.13ab
Restrictions & Rights:
Public Domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Visual Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd53a1b3c52-564d-42a2-905f-48d9a18659af
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.13ab
Online Media:

Proof copy of the first printing of The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850

Created by:
United States Congress, American, founded 1789  Search this
Printed by:
Thomas Ritchie, American, 1778 - 1854  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 9 3/4 x 7 11/16 in. (24.8 x 19.5 cm)
Type:
laws
Place depicted:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
1850
Topic:
African American  Search this
Fugitive enslaved  Search this
Government  Search this
Law  Search this
Politics  Search this
Self-liberation  Search this
Slavery  Search this
U.S. History, 1815-1861  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.14.4
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5398a20ab-70ff-4fbb-b4c2-a06d94891c9d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.14.4
Online Media:

Bill of sale for a 16-year-old girl named Polly

Created by:
H. B. Boston  Search this
Signed by:
Martin Bridgeman, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 10 1/2 x 7 in. (26.7 x 17.8 cm)
Type:
bills of sale
Place made:
Jackson County, Arkansas, United States, North and Central America
Place used:
Montgomery County, Texas, United States, North and Central America
Date:
December 23, 1835; modified 1851
Topic:
African American  Search this
American West  Search this
Children  Search this
Domestic slave trade  Search this
Fancy Girl trade  Search this
Finance  Search this
Slavery  Search this
U.S. History, 1815-1861  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Candace Greene
Object number:
2009.47.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd54361fceb-03fd-47f3-b5a7-e5e74b1cf287
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.47.1
Online Media:

Handwritten manumission document for thirteen enslaved persons

Written by:
John Berry, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 12 3/16 x 7 13/16 in. (31 x 19.8 cm)
Type:
free papers
Place made:
Hempstead County, Arkansas, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1827; modified 1831
Topic:
African American  Search this
American West  Search this
Emancipation  Search this
Families  Search this
Freedom  Search this
Slavery  Search this
U.S. History, 1815-1861  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Candace Greene
Object number:
2009.47.2
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Documents and Published Materials-Business and Legal Documents
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5ee4ed91d-97f9-4bc5-8ccd-280bbe860f3d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.47.2
Online Media:

Broadside for the auction of 10 enslaved families in New Orleans

Printed by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
J. A. Beard, English, born 1806  Search this
J. A. Beard and May, American  Search this
General William Henry Bailey, American, 1804 - 1878  Search this
President Thomas Jefferson, American, 1743 - 1826  Search this
Theodore O. Stark, American, born 1820  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 13 3/4 x 8 3/8 in. (34.9 x 21.3 cm)
Type:
broadsides
Place used:
New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1855
Topic:
African American  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
American South  Search this
Black Enterprise  Search this
Building Arts  Search this
Children  Search this
Commerce  Search this
Cooking and dining  Search this
Cotton  Search this
Domestic slave trade  Search this
Families  Search this
Health  Search this
Labor  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Men  Search this
Midwifery  Search this
Skilled labor  Search this
U.S. History, 1815-1861  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.9.7
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Advertisements
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd595cf4a0b-78ae-4776-b7e9-a33a7ccda38a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.9.7
Online Media:

Trade card for the slave dealers Blount & Dawson in Savannah, Georgia

Distributed by:
Blount & Dawson, American  Search this
Subject of:
Edmond M. Blount, American, born 1811  Search this
William C. Dawson, American, born 1827  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 2 1/2 x 3 1/2 in. (6.4 x 8.9 cm)
Type:
trade cards
Place depicted:
Savannah, Chatham County, Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1860
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Business  Search this
Commerce  Search this
Domestic slave trade  Search this
Prisons  Search this
U.S. History, 1815-1861  Search this
U.S. History, Civil War, 1861-1865  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.9.8
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Advertisements
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5a6147e16-15e2-4c5d-99b0-10c822cbc964
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.9.8

National Anti-Slavery Standard Vol. XX, No. 19

Created by:
National Anti-Slavery Standard, American, 1840 - 1870  Search this
Published by:
American Anti-Slavery Society, American, 1833 - 1870  Search this
Medium:
ink on newsprint
Dimensions:
H x W: 26 x 18 3/4 in. (66 x 47.6 cm)
Type:
newspapers
Place printed:
Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
September 24, 1859
Topic:
African American  Search this
Antislavery  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Resistance  Search this
Self-liberation  Search this
Social reform  Search this
Societies  Search this
U.S. History, 1815-1861  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2010.1.298.34
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Movement:
Abolitionist movement
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5ef76d61e-276c-44a9-ad37-65938ddc2d42
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.1.298.34

A Memorial of the Martyred Lovejoy

Written by:
David Root  Search this
Subject of:
Elijah Parish Lovejoy, American, 1802 - 1837  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 1/16 x 5 5/16 in. (20.5 x 13.5 cm)
Type:
sermons
Place printed:
Dover, Strafford County, New Hampshire, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Alton, Madison County, Illinois, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1837
Topic:
African American  Search this
Antislavery  Search this
Christianity  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Oratory  Search this
Religion  Search this
U.S. History, 1815-1861  Search this
Violence  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2010.1.40
Restrictions & Rights:
Public Domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Movement:
Anti-slavery movements
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd560c1b9fe-9285-4faa-b4f1-1d0edfbc9aef
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.1.40
Online Media:

Teapot made by Peter Bentzon

Created by:
Peter Bentzon, American, ca. 1783 - after 1850  Search this
Medium:
silver and wood
Dimensions:
H x W: 7 x 12 x 5 in. (17.8 x 30.5 x 12.7 cm)
Type:
teapots
Place made:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Cultural Place:
Virgin Islands of the United States, United States, Caribbean, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1817-1829
Topic:
African American  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Craftsmanship  Search this
Design  Search this
Free communities of color  Search this
Ornamentation  Search this
U.S. History, 1815-1861  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2010.14
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Decorative Arts, Craft, and Design
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd51d2d0213-3bbe-4345-a274-ce64478aa500
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.14

Charleston slave badge from 1815 for Servant No. 689

Created by:
John Joseph Lafar, American, 1784 - 1849  Search this
Medium:
metal
Dimensions:
H x W: 2 7/16 x 2 1/2 in. (6.2 x 6.3 cm)
Type:
slave hire badges
Place made:
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1815
Topic:
African American  Search this
Labor  Search this
Skilled labor  Search this
Slave hire system  Search this
Slavery  Search this
U.S. History, 1815-1861  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2010.27.3
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5fc9e8e63-6f04-44fc-90c1-b8267fb9ec0f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.27.3
Online Media:

Portrait of John Brown

Created by:
Alexander Gardner, Scottish, 1821 - 1882  Search this
Subject of:
John Brown, American, 1800 - 1859  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on cardboard
Dimensions:
H x W: 14 x 10 1/2 in. (35.6 x 26.7 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place depicted:
Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, West Virginia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1859
Topic:
African American  Search this
Antislavery  Search this
Photography  Search this
Slavery  Search this
U.S. History, 1815-1861  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2010.77.4
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Media Arts-Photography
Movement:
Anti-slavery movements
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd595cfac44-1dd4-4f83-975d-fe02d0579127
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.77.4

Membership certificate to the American Colonization Society

Issued by:
American Colonization Society, American, 1816 - 1964  Search this
Received by:
Sarah Emlen Cresson, American  Search this
Signed by:
James Madison, American, 1751 - 1836  Search this
Ralph Randolph Gurley, American, 1797 - 1872  Search this
Elliott Cresson, American, 1797 - 1854  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 9 x 11 3/8 in. (22.9 x 28.9 cm)
Type:
membership cards
Place made:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Liberia, West Africa, Africa
Place used:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Date:
February 22, 1832
Topic:
African American  Search this
Emancipation  Search this
Free communities of color  Search this
International affairs  Search this
Race relations  Search this
U.S. History, 1815-1861  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2010.77.9
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Movement:
Colonization movement
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5639a3bfc-ccf0-401f-85b4-dd9ae5d24634
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.77.9
Online Media:

Charleston slave badge from 1834 for Servant No. 849

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Medium:
metal
Dimensions:
2 7/8 x 2 5/8 x 1/16 in. (7.3 x 6.7 x 0.2 cm)
Type:
slave hire badges
Place used:
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1834
Topic:
African American  Search this
Labor  Search this
Skilled labor  Search this
Slave hire system  Search this
Slavery  Search this
U.S. History, 1815-1861  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.155.291
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Exhibition:
Double Victory: The African American Military Experience
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Community/Third Floor, 3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd570272746-039e-47a5-a43d-0b0bcc244cfa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.155.291
Online Media:

Map of the Hydrographical Basin of the Upper Mississippi River

Title:
Map from the Bleeding Kansas-era with blood of abolitionist David Hoyt
Created by:
J. N. Nicollet, French, 1786 - 1843  Search this
Owned by:
David Hoyt, American, 1821 - 1856  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 19 x 32 in. (48.3 x 81.3 cm)
Type:
maps
Place used:
Douglas County, Kansas, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1843
Topic:
African American  Search this
American West  Search this
Antislavery  Search this
Slavery  Search this
U.S. History, 1815-1861  Search this
Violence  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.23.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Movement:
Anti-slavery movements
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd54f78e8b1-7c66-46c1-bed1-4b6b83bac88b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.23.1

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