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Tzotzil Language draft manuscript

Collection Creator:
Laughlin, Robert M.  Search this
Container:
Box 53
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1965
Collection Restrictions:
The Robert Moody Laughlin papers are open for research.

Electronic media is currently restricted due to preservation concerns.

Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the National Anthropological Film Collection may not be played.

Access to the Robert Moody Laughlin papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers
Robert Moody Laughlin papers / Series 6: Writings By Others / 6.2: Tzotzil / Tzetzal:
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e133afaa-291c-4125-a2de-9034818f8527
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-06-ref252

Tzotzil language research notes

Collection Creator:
Laughlin, Robert M.  Search this
Extent:
3 Folders
Container:
Box 80a
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The Robert Moody Laughlin papers are open for research.

Electronic media is currently restricted due to preservation concerns.

Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the National Anthropological Film Collection may not be played.

Access to the Robert Moody Laughlin papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers
Robert Moody Laughlin papers / Series 9: Research and Field Notes / 9.2: Tzotzil Research
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3787efd9f-aea4-4b83-b596-6976427e9e08
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-06-ref593

Tzotzil language/vocabulary note cards

Collection Creator:
Laughlin, Robert M.  Search this
Container:
Box 81
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The Robert Moody Laughlin papers are open for research.

Electronic media is currently restricted due to preservation concerns.

Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the National Anthropological Film Collection may not be played.

Access to the Robert Moody Laughlin papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers
Robert Moody Laughlin papers / Series 9: Research and Field Notes / 9.2: Tzotzil Research
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw36fb51217-a527-4c88-b068-17516dc17830
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-06-ref594

Slides and Negatives of Tzotzil Language Charts

Collection Creator:
Laughlin, Robert M.  Search this
Container:
Box 54
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The Robert Moody Laughlin papers are open for research.

Electronic media is currently restricted due to preservation concerns.

Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the National Anthropological Film Collection may not be played.

Access to the Robert Moody Laughlin papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers
Robert Moody Laughlin papers / Series 6: Writings By Others / 6.2: Tzotzil / Zinacantan:
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw376aba2e9-5fe6-491d-bed4-590638fc9721
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-06-ref313

The Great Tzotzil Dictionary of San Lorenzo Zinacantan: English to Tzotzil language, index cards

Collection Creator:
Laughlin, Robert M.  Search this
Extent:
2 Boxes
Container:
Box 15-16
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
circa 1966
Collection Restrictions:
The Robert Moody Laughlin papers are open for research.

Electronic media is currently restricted due to preservation concerns.

Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the National Anthropological Film Collection may not be played.

Access to the Robert Moody Laughlin papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers
Robert Moody Laughlin papers / Series 1: Tzotzil Dictionaries
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39ed97ea3-2004-4854-860e-f8165ad61e94
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-06-ref60

Sarles, Harvey B.: A Dictionary of a Tzotzil Language as Spoken in San Bartolome de los Llanos (Venustiano Carranza), Chiapas, Mexico

Collection Creator:
Laughlin, Robert M.  Search this
Container:
Box 57
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1959
Collection Restrictions:
The Robert Moody Laughlin papers are open for research.

Electronic media is currently restricted due to preservation concerns.

Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the National Anthropological Film Collection may not be played.

Access to the Robert Moody Laughlin papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers
Robert Moody Laughlin papers / Series 6: Writings By Others / 6.2: Tzotzil / Maya:
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31f06c833-fb11-4fd9-bcd3-30254aa2a168
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-06-ref20

Sound Recordings

Collection Creator:
Laughlin, Robert M.  Search this
Extent:
147 Sound recordings
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Date:
circa 1960-2004
Scope and Contents:
This series contains audio and visual recordings that Laughlin created, mostly during his field work in Chiapas, Mexico. These recordings aided in his research and publications on Tzotzil language, folktales, and culture. Materials include interviews, songs, descriptions of dreams, and other recordings of speech and music.
Arrangement:
Sound recordings are arranged by item number with the unnumbered sound effects and recordings filed after.
Collection Restrictions:
The Robert Moody Laughlin papers are open for research.

Electronic media is currently restricted due to preservation concerns.

Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the National Anthropological Film Collection may not be played.

Access to the Robert Moody Laughlin papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2011-06, Series 12
See more items in:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw379c2c642-2844-47f9-9201-f2894ab98815
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-06-ref38

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Laughlin, Robert M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1899-1900
1948-2002
Scope and Contents:
This series contains professional and research related correspondence written to and from Robert Laughlin from the time he was a graduate student to after his retirement. This series also contains correspondence between Laughlin and family members (mostly his parents and wife, Mimi), some of which discusses Laughlin's field work and other research activities. Laughlin corresponded with anthropologists and researchers, Tzotzil people and other people throughout Mexico, museum curators, and those interested in anthropology and the Chiapas region. Most of the letters discuss Laughlin's research, Tzotzil language and culture, and other anthropological topics. Items of note include letters to Laughlin's parents detailing his field work and research in Costa Rico and Mexico, and letters of support regarding the Smithsonian receiving the Golden Fleece award from Senator Proxmire in 1977 as a result of Laughlin's 1975 Tzotzil dictionary.
Arrangement:
In this series, folders retain Laughlin's original order with some changes for clarity. Materials are arranged alphabetically by sender name (when known) or subject. Materials within folders retain Laughlin's original order.
Collection Restrictions:
The Robert Moody Laughlin papers are open for research.

Electronic media is currently restricted due to preservation concerns.

Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the National Anthropological Film Collection may not be played.

Access to the Robert Moody Laughlin papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2011-06, Series 8
See more items in:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3384d0eeb-c610-442a-abd3-6eae839ac210
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-06-ref10

Electronic Files

Collection Creator:
Laughlin, Robert M.  Search this
Extent:
50 Floppy discs
20 CD-Rs
Container:
Box 117
Type:
Archival materials
Floppy discs
Cd-rs
Date:
1985-circa 2004
Scope and Contents:
This series contains electronic records Laughlin created throughout his career including floppy discs and CD-Rs. Contents include research, writings, and other information related to Laughlin's research interests and professional activities, particularly Tzotzil language, folklore, and cultural practices.

This series is currently RESTRICTED due to preservation reasons.
Collection Restrictions:
The Robert Moody Laughlin papers are open for research.

Electronic media is currently restricted due to preservation concerns.

Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the National Anthropological Film Collection may not be played.

Access to the Robert Moody Laughlin papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2011-06, Series 15
See more items in:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3535970ef-ac60-4a27-b8b7-9a406105bd40
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-06-ref131

Other Writings by Laughlin

Collection Creator:
Laughlin, Robert M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1956-2006
Scope and Contents:
This series contains Laughlin's other writings besides his major books located in Series 1-4. These published and unpublished writings were created when Laughlin was a graduate student at Harvard University and throughout his career at the Smithsonian. Most writings are related to ethnography in the Chiapas region, particularly Tzotzil language, history, and culture. Materials of note include Laughlin's dissertation "Through the Looking Glass: Reflections on Zinacantan Courtship and Marriage" and notes and drafts related to his book "People of the Bat." Most writings are in English, though there are some materials also written in Tzotzil and Spanish.
Arrangement:
This series is arranged alphabetically by title.
Collection Restrictions:
The Robert Moody Laughlin papers are open for research.

Electronic media is currently restricted due to preservation concerns.

Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the National Anthropological Film Collection may not be played.

Access to the Robert Moody Laughlin papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2011-06, Series 5
See more items in:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw360710471-ea0b-4a6a-b3aa-257e9a0c33ef
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-06-ref133

Tzotzil

Collection Creator:
Laughlin, Robert M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1954-1989
Scope and Contents:
This subseries contains writings by anthropologists and other scholars about Tzotzil language, history, and culture. Most folders contain a copy the paper/article, but some also contain other materials such as correspondence and notes.
Arrangement:
This subseries retains Laughlin's original arrangement by dialect and subject geographical location into three groups: Tzeltal, Zinacantan, and Maya. Materials within sections retain Laughlin's original rough alphabetical order by author or title.
Collection Restrictions:
The Robert Moody Laughlin papers are open for research.

Electronic media is currently restricted due to preservation concerns.

Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the National Anthropological Film Collection may not be played.

Access to the Robert Moody Laughlin papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2011-06, Subseries 6.2
See more items in:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers
Robert Moody Laughlin papers / Series 6: Writings By Others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw341d6118e-e747-41d8-b7db-7ad1ea0d1e43
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-06-ref220

General

Collection Creator:
Laughlin, Robert M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1955-2002
Scope and Contents:
This subseries contains writings that are not related to Tzotzil language, culture or history. Most materials are anthropological or ethnological writings about cultures and languages in Central America and the Caribbean. Some materials deal with anthropology on a more theoretical level such as those written by Claude Levi-Strauss.
Arrangement:
Materials in this subseries retain Laughlin's original rough alphabetical order by author or title.
Collection Restrictions:
The Robert Moody Laughlin papers are open for research.

Electronic media is currently restricted due to preservation concerns.

Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the National Anthropological Film Collection may not be played.

Access to the Robert Moody Laughlin papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2011-06, Subseries 6.3
See more items in:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers
Robert Moody Laughlin papers / Series 6: Writings By Others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d01d5e0a-4907-413c-b7ef-8f82a56c0e7b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-06-ref375

Research and Field Notes

Collection Creator:
Laughlin, Robert M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1954-1993
Scope and Contents:
This series contains field notes and other research materials that Laughlin created or collected throughout his career. Most materials are related to Laughlin's study of Tzotzil language, history, and cultural practices. Laughlin made photocopies of his Tzotzil field notebooks which are located at the beginning of the series. Other items of note aside from Laughlin's Tzotzil notes include ornithology notebooks that he created before he decided to pursue a degree in anthropology.
Arrangement:
This series is arranged into three subseries: 9.1 Field notes, 1958-1974; 9.2 Tzotzil research, 1978-1992; and 9.3 Other research, 1954-1993.
Collection Restrictions:
The Robert Moody Laughlin papers are open for research.

Electronic media is currently restricted due to preservation concerns.

Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the National Anthropological Film Collection may not be played.

Access to the Robert Moody Laughlin papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2011-06, Series 9
See more items in:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ac80f315-5137-4be2-8c75-a3171da02ff6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-06-ref564

Applications and Grants

Collection Creator:
Laughlin, Robert M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1966-2002
Scope and Contents:
This subseries contains materials related to grants and other projects that Laughlin applied for to support his research activities. Laughlin's research projects and related grants were focused on Tzotzil language and culture, particularly his published works and cultural revitalization programs in Chiapas, Mexico. The majority of this subseries is made up of application forms, grant proposals, and other related information.
Arrangement:
This series is arranged alphabetically by folder title. All materials within folders retain Laughlin's original arrangement.
Collection Restrictions:
The Robert Moody Laughlin papers are open for research.

Electronic media is currently restricted due to preservation concerns.

Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the National Anthropological Film Collection may not be played.

Access to the Robert Moody Laughlin papers requires an appointment.
Series Rights:
The following folders are restricted:

Box 103: "Research Foundation Grants 3311 and 3364" until 2051 for PII.

Box 105: "Personnel matters (Laughlin)" until 2034 for privacy issues.
Collection Citation:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2011-06, Subseries 11.2
See more items in:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers
Robert Moody Laughlin papers / Series 11: Administrative Files
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e65d7ab5-8593-438a-b90c-cb7d68314692
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-06-ref672

Laughlin, Robert

Collection Creator:
Rinzler, Ralph  Search this
Container:
Box 3 (Series 3)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1976-1978, 1983-1985
undated
Scope and Contents note:
File consists of correspondence, press release, Ojibwe and Potawatomi newsletter, clippings, handwritten note, short story in Spanish and Tzotzil, event fliers. Correspondents include: Robert Laughlin, William Proxmire, Ralph Rinzler. Materials reference Golden Fleece award and Tzotzil language.
Collection Restrictions:
Large portions of this collection are digitized, and while these materials are being prepared for public access through this finding aid, researchers can request digital copies by contacting the Rinzler Archives at rinzlerarchives@si.edu or (202) 633-7322.
Collection Rights:
Copyright restrictions apply. Contact archives staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Ralph Rinzler papers and audio recordings, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.RINZ, File RINZ_03_003_048
See more items in:
Ralph Rinzler papers and audio recordings
Ralph Rinzler papers and audio recordings / Series 3: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk52cb43be4-6b84-446a-b76a-ddb117ca72cc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-rinz-ref1478

Robert Moody Laughlin papers

Creator:
Laughlin, Robert M.  Search this
Extent:
39 Videocassettes (VHS)
1 Videocassettes (Betamax)
20 CD-Rs
6 Electronic discs (DVD)
65.09 Linear feet
50 Floppy discs
147 Sound recordings
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Videocassettes (vhs)
Videocassettes (betamax)
Cd-rs
Electronic discs (dvd)
Floppy discs
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Audiotapes
Paper tapes
Photographs
Vocabulary
Manuscripts
Date:
1899-2016, bulk 1954-2016
Summary:
Robert Moody Laughlin was an American ethnologist specializing in the study of Mayan language, history, customs, and folklore. He spent the majority of his career working for the Smithsonian Institution, first with the Bureau of American Ethnology, then with the Department of Anthropology. He was a curator emeritus with the department from his retirement in 2006 until his death in 2020.

The Robert Moody Laughlin papers (1899-2016, bulk 1954-2016) document his research and professional activities and primarily deal with language and folktales he recorded and studied, as well as the culture and history of the Tzotzil and other Mayan groups in the Chiapas region. His involvement in language education and training, advocacy for the Tzotzil and language and cultural revitalization, and administrative matters at the Smithsonian are also represented. The collection consists of materials created for books and other publications, field notes, research materials, correspondence, administrative files, sound recordings, video recordings, photographs, and electronic records.
Scope and Contents:
The Robert Moody Laughlin papers (1899-2016, bulk 1954-2016) document his research and professional activities and primarily deal with language and folktales he recorded and studied, as well as the culture and history of the Tzotzil and other Mayan groups in the Chiapas region. His involvement in language education and training, advocacy for the Tzotzil and language and cultural revitalization, and administrative matters at the Smithsonian are also represented. The collection consists of materials created for books and other publications, field notes, research materials, correspondence, administrative files, sound recordings, video recordings, photographs, and electronic records.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in 14 series: Series 1. Tzotzil Dictionaries, 1963-1988, undated; Series 2. Of Wonders Wild and New, 1963-1976; Series 3. Of Cabbages and Kings, 1960-1977; Series 4. Of Shoes and Ships and Sealing Wax, 1963-1980; Series 5. Other Writings by Laughlin, 1956-2006; Series 6. Writings by Others, 1954-2002; Series 7. Biographical Files, 1906-2003; Series 8. Correspondence, 1899-1900, 1948-2002; Series 9. Research and Field Notes, 1954-1993; Series 10. Sna Jtz'ibajom, 1983-2016; Series 11. Administrative Files, 1961-2014; Series 12. Sound Recordings, circa 1960-2004; Series 13. Video Recordings, 1985-2002, undated; Series 14. Photographic Material, 1985-circa 2007, undated; Series 15. Electronic Files, 1985-circa 2004.
Biographical / Historical:
Robert Moody Laughlin (also known as Lol Bik'it Nab in Tzotzil) was an ethnologist in the Smithsonian Department of Anthropology specializing in modern and colonial Tzotzil lexicography as well as Tzotzil oral history, worldview, dreams, prayers, ethnobotany, and history. As a pioneer in advocacy anthropology, Laughlin spent the majority of his career working to support the Chiapas Mayas through his publications, research, and other professional efforts. Among his most notable contributions to local and global understandings of the Chiapas Mayas and the Tzotzil language were his publication of The Great Tzotzil Dictionary of San Lorenzo Zinacantan (1975) and his work in founding Sna Jtz'ibajom, a writers collective based in San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico.

Laughlin was born in 1934 in Princeton, New Jersey, and graduated from Princeton University with a Bachelors degree in English in 1956. He first visited the Chiapas area of Mexico in 1957 as a graduate student at the Escuela Nacional de Antropologia e Historia in Mexico City. He then transferred to Harvard University and began studying under cultural anthropologist Evon Vogt who had recently started the Harvard Chiapas Project. Laughlin completed his field work in Zinacantan, where he learned to speak Tzotzil. After receiving his Ph.D. in anthropology from Harvard in 1963, he collected myths and folk tales in Zinacantan as an ethnologist for the Smithsonian's Bureau of American Ethnology. During regular trips to the field in Chiapas, Mexico, he also worked to compile a dictionary of Tzotzil words. After fourteen years of work, The Great Tzotzil Dictionary of San Lorenzo Zinacantan was published in 1975.

After his dictionary was published, Laughlin returned to the study of folk tales and culture in Tzotzil and other Mayan cultural groups in Central America. He published several books on stories, dreams, marriage and other customs, ethnobotany, and history of the Tzotzil peoples. Laughlin's efforts at revitalizing the Tzotzil language and promoting the area's culture sparked significant Tzotzil interest in their own language and history, but illiteracy was still a major barrier to cultural revitalization. In 1983, Laughlin helped found Sna Jtz'ibajom (House of the Writer), a writers cooperative that took writings about Tzotzil history, folklore, and customs and translated them into Tzotzil. Sna Jtz'ibajom also created Teatro Lo'il Maxil (Monkey Business Theater), a group that wrote and performed plays related to Mayan folklore and education about social issues such as family planning and alcoholism.

Laughlin received the Premio Chiapas in Science in 2002 and the PEN Gregory Kolovakos Award for the translation of Spanish (including Native American) literature in 2004. He retired in 2006 and is currently a curator emeritus in the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution.

Laughlin died on May 28, 2020, of Covid-19 complications.

Sources Consulted

Genzlinger, Neil. "Robert Laughlin, Preserver of a Mayan Language, Dies at 85." New York Times, June 24, 2020. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/24/science/robert-laughlin-preserver-of-a-mayan-language-dies-at-85.html

1934 -- Born on May 29 in Princeton, New Jersey

1956 -- Received Bachelor's Degree in English from Princeton University

1957 -- First trip to Chiapas area of Mexico in 1957 as a graduate student at the Escuela Nacional de Antropologia e Historia in Mexico City

1959 -- Traveled to Chiapas as a member of the Harvard Chiapas Project

1961 -- Received Masters Degree in Anthropology from Harvard University

1962 -- Hired as an ethnologist by the Bureau of American Ethnology (Smithsonian Institution).

1962-1964 -- Ethnologist, Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution

1963 -- Received a Ph. D. in Anthropology from Harvard University

1964-1969 -- Associate Curator, Smithsonian Office of Anthropology

1969-1973 -- Associate Curator, Smithsonian Department of Anthropology

1973-2006 -- Curator, Smithsonian Department of Anthropology

1983 -- Aided in the foundation of Sna Jtz'ibajom (House of the Writer) in Chiapas.

2006 -- Retired from the Smithsonian Department of Anthropology.

2020 -- Died on May 28 of Covid-19 complications.
Separated Materials:
Material in Series 13. Video Recordings has been transferred to the National Anthropological Film Collection (NAFC), but is described in the this finding aid.
Provenance:
These papers were donated and transferred to the National Anthropological Archives by Robert M. Laughlin in 1985, 2011, and 2016 under accessions 1974-15, 2011-06, and 2016-16.
Restrictions:
The Robert Moody Laughlin papers are open for research.

Electronic media is currently restricted due to preservation concerns.

Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the National Anthropological Film Collection may not be played.

Access to the Robert Moody Laughlin papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Dreams  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcripts
Audiotapes
Paper tapes
Photographs
Vocabulary
Manuscripts
Citation:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2011-06
See more items in:
Robert Moody Laughlin papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d5cbdb41-a2a2-4863-9c19-0d80cf0ca8f7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2011-06
Online Media:

Irving Goldman papers

Creator:
Goldman, Irving, 1911-2002  Search this
Names:
Jenner Committee  Search this
Extent:
27 Sound recordings
9.3 Linear feet (26 boxes)
Culture:
Shuswap  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Cubeo (Kobeua)  Search this
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl)  Search this
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Dakelh (Carrier)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Field notes
Photographs
Color slides
Place:
Vaupés (Colombia)
Chiapas (Mexico)
British Columbia
Date:
1928-1999
bulk 1934-1994
Summary:
Irving Goldman (1911-2002) was an anthropologist who conducted research among the Modoc Indians in California, the Ulkatcho Carrier of British Columbia, and the Cubeo Indians in the Vaupes region of the Northwest Amazon. The focus of the collection is Goldman's field research on the Cubeo. The collection also includes some materials relating to his work on the Modoc, the Ulkatcho Carrier, Polynesians, and Tzotzil of Chamula Indians of Chiapas, Mexico. Other materials in the collection include his professional and personal correspondence and his writings. Another important part of this collection is from his personal materials. Goldman was a Communist from 1936-1942, and in 1953 was brought before the Jenner Committee. The file Goldman kept of this investigation includes a transcript of his appearance in front of the Committee, as well as many newspaper clippings.
Scope and Contents:
The focus of the collection is Irving Goldman's field research on the Cubeo Indians of Vaupes, Colombia. In addition to documentation from multiple trips to Cubeo, the collection also includes some materials relating to his work on the Modoc, the Ulkatcho Carrier, Polynesians, and Tzotzil of Chamula Indians of Chiapas, Mexico. The Cubeo materials include field notes, research notes, questionnaires and photographs that Goldman used in his publications, which include The Cubeo: Indians of the Northwest Amazon and Hehenewa of the Cuduiari: An Introduction to Cubean Religious Thought, which was published posthumously as Cubeo Hehenewa Religious Thought: Metaphysics of a Northwestern Amazonian People. Additional materials from his Cubeo research are 26 field recordings of music, interviews, and dances. Also in the collection is a sound recording relating to the Kwakiutl Indians. The work on Polynesia for his publication "Ancient Polynesian Society" consist of his reading notes. His Ulkatcho Carrier notes contain language material from his field research among the Ulkatcho, Nazko, and Quesnel, three Carrier bands in the Blackwater dialect group. His notes from his research in Chiapas contain ethnographic and linguistic notes on what appears to be Tzotzil. The Modoc materials also contain ethnographic and linguistic notes.

The correspondence in the collection is a mix of professional and personal. This includes correspondence from former students and recommendations he wrote for them. In the writing series are notes and edits of chapters and manuscripts for his books, as well as articles that Goldman wrote and a couple of speeches he gave. The collection includes many photographs, most of which do not have descriptions of locations. The identified photographs include images from Vaupes and Chiapas, Mexico. There is one folder that includes some photographs of the Modoc and another that contains pictures from the British Columbia Ulkatcho.

Another important part of this collection is a file on the Jenner Committee's investigation of Goldman and a transcript of his testimony in front of the committee, as well as many newspaper clippings.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in 7 series: (1) Professional Correspondence, 1951-1999; (2) Field Research, 1935-40, 1955-90, undated [Bulk 1970-1985, undated]; (3) Writings, 1941-45, 1958-94 [Bulk 1968-85]; (4) Conferences, 1975-1976; (5) Personal Material, 1928-1977 [Bulk 1943-1958]; (6) Photographs, Undated, 1934, 1948-40, 1948, 1955, 1962-79 [Bulk 1978-1979]; (7) Microfilm, undated; (8) Sound recordings, 1968-70, 1986, undated.
Biographical Note:
Irving Goldman was born September 2, 1911 in Brooklyn, New York to Louis and Golda Goldman, immigrants from Russia. Goldman graduated from Brooklyn College in 1933, and continued from there to Columbia University for graduate work, where he studied under Franz Boas. In 1936, he joined the American Communist Party, but left the party in 1942.

As a graduate student, Goldman conducted research among the Modoc Indians in California (1934) and the Cubeo in the Vaupes region of the Northwest Amazon (1939). For his graduate work at Columbia, he focused on the Ulkatcho Carrier of British Columbia, which he researched from 1935-36. His thesis, "The Alkatcho Carrier of British Columbia" was published in Acculturation in Seven American Indian Tribes (1940). Goldman received his Ph.D. in 1941.

Goldman began World War II as a Research Analyst for the Coordinator of InterAmerican Affairs (1942-43). He was reassigned to the Office of Strategic Services, where he was a 2nd Lieutenant (1943-1945). In 1945 he was transferred to the U.S. Department of State, where he was the Chief of Branch for the Office of Research and Analysis, until he was released in 1947 as a security risk due to his earlier involvement with communism.

Goldman taught at Sarah Lawrence from 1947 until 1981, where he also served on many faculty committees, as well as their Board of Trustees. During this time, Goldman also continued his anthropological research. He spent 1955 in Chiapas, Mexico, studying Tzotzil of Chamula Indians. He also did library research on Polynesia, which led to his book Ancient Polynesian Society (1970), a key work in anthropological thought. During his time at Sarah Lawrence College, Goldman also published two other significant books: The Cubeo: Indians of the Northwest Amazon (1963) and The Mouth of Heaven: An Introduction to Kwakiutl Religious Thought (1975). In 1968, he returned to the Cubeo, continuing his research there into the early 1980s. His wife, Hannah, who died in 1986, traveled occasionally with him. From 1980 to 1987, Goldman taught at the New School for Social Research in New York City.

During the McCarthy era, in 1953, Goldman was forced to testify before the Jenner Senate Committee, which investigated connections between academics and communism. While Goldman admitted to having been a part of the party, he took his First Amendment right to avoid naming others who he knew had been members. This was a risky and rare tactic; however it had a positive outcome for him, as Sarah Lawrence College, where Goldman was teaching at the time, decided not to fire him since he had spoken his conscious and no more.

Goldman died April 7, 2002. Goldman's peers considered him to have "insightful analyses that were often ahead of his time" (Rubel 2003) and to have had "the courage to tackle big problems in the realm of comparative research." (Rubel 2003) His final manuscript was published posthumously as Cubeo Henewa Religious Thought: Metaphysics of a Northwestern Amazonian People (2004).

Sources Consulted

Rubel, Paul and Abraham Rosman. 2003. Irving Goldman (1911-2002). American Anthropologist 105:4.

Shenn, Jody. 2002. Remembering Irving Goldman. News and Events at Sarah Lawrence.

Schildkrout, Enid, and Irving Goldman. 1989. A Conversation with Irving Goldman. American Ethnologist 16:3.

1911 -- Born April 18 in New York, New York.

1933 -- Earns B.S. from Brooklyn College.

1934 -- Fieldwork on Modoc Indians, California.

1935-1936 -- Fieldwork on Ulkatcho Carrier Indians, British Columbia.

1939-1940 -- First fieldwork on Cubeo Indians, Vaupes, Colombia.

1941 -- Earns Ph.D. from Columbia University.

1942 -- Research Analyst on Latin America for the Coordinator of InterAmerican Affairs.

1943-1945 -- 2nd Lieutenant for the Office of Strategic Services.

1945-1947 -- Chief of Branch for the Office of Research and Analysis for the United States State Department.

1947 -- Left State Department; began to teach at Sarah Lawrence College.

1953 -- Investigated by the Jenner Committee for his communist connections.

1955 -- Fieldwork on Tzotzil of Chamula Indians, Chiapas, Mexico.

1968-1980 -- Goldman continuously returned to Vaupes, Colombia to study the Cubeo.

1980 -- Began to teach at the New School for Social Research.

1981 -- Retired from Sarah Lawrence College.

1987 -- Retired from the New School for Social Research.

2002 -- Died April 7, 2002 in Brooklyn, New York.
Related Materials:
Materials at the NAA relating to Irving Goldman's involvement with the Handbook of South American Indians can be found in Manuscript 4846 and the Handbook of South American Indians records, 1934-47.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Sonya Shenn of the Department of Anthropology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 2002. An unidentified 8mm film in the collection was transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives in 2007 (HSFA 2008.04)
Restrictions:
Access to the Irving Goldman papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Cubeo language  Search this
Carrier language  Search this
Bella Coola language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Tzotzil language  Search this
Modoc language  Search this
Shuswap language  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Photographs
Sound recordings
Color slides -- 1960-1990
Citation:
Irving Goldman papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2003-11
See more items in:
Irving Goldman papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw342644939-5f47-4aa5-8da9-53912e4adca1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2003-11

Jchi'iltak ta slumal kalifornia / slo'ilik Santos xchi'uk Marian xchi'uk Xun Gomes Lopis = Chamulas en California / el testimonio de Santos, Mariano y Juan Gómez López ; entrevistas, transcripción, traducción y redacción por Jan Rus y Salvador Guzmán López

Title:
Chamulas en California
Author:
Gómez López, Santos  Search this
Gómez López, Mariano  Search this
Gómez López, Juan  Search this
Rus, Jan  Search this
Guzmán López, Salvador  Search this
Physical description:
33 pages : illustrations ; 21 cm
Type:
Texts
Place:
California
Date:
1995
©1995
Topic:
Tzotzil Indians--Social conditions  Search this
Tzotzil Indians--Migrations  Search this
Tzotzil Indians--Civil rights  Search this
Illegal aliens--Services for  Search this
Tzotzil language  Search this
Undocumented immigrants  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1057425

La herbolaria médica tzeltal-tzotzil en los altos de Chiapas : un ensayo preliminar sobre las cincuenta especies botánicas de uso más frecunte / PROCOMITH, A.C., Programa de Colaboración Sobre Medicina Indígena Tradicional y Herbolaria

Author:
Berlin, Brent  Search this
Author:
Programa de Colaboración sobre Medicina Indígena Tradicional y Herbolaria (Mexico)  Search this
Physical description:
volumes <1> : illustrations, map ; 27 cm
Type:
Texts
Place:
Mexico
Chiapas Highlands
Date:
1990
1990-
Topic:
Ethnobotany  Search this
Tzeltal Indians--Ethnobotany  Search this
Tzotzil Indians--Medicine  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Materia medica, Vegetable  Search this
Tzotzil language  Search this
Tzeltal language  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1060310

[Albert S. Gatschet : collected articles and notes from various professional journals, mostly from the 1880s]

Compiler:
Gatschet, Albert S (Albert Samuel) 1832-1907  Search this
Author:
Container of (work): Matthews, Washington 1843-1905 Mythic dry-paintings of the Navajos  Search this
Container of (work): Morris, Charles Relations of mind and matter : V. The conditions of consciousness  Search this
Container of (work): Goode, G. Brown (George Brown) 1851-1896 Brief biography of the halibut  Search this
Container of (work): Campbell, John T Traces of prehistoric man on the Wabash  Search this
Container of (work): Gatschet, Albert S (Albert Samuel) 1832-1907  Search this
Container of (work): Gatschet, Albert S (Albert Samuel) 1832-1907 Popular rimes from Mexico  Search this
Container of (work): Chamberlain, Alexander Francis 1865-1914 On the Cheabal and Tzotzil languages, with short comparative vocabularies  Search this
Container of (work): Chamberlain, Alexander Francis 1865-1914 Archaeology of Sgugog Island: a paper read before the Canadian Institute, January 12th, 1889  Search this
Container of (work): Wilson, Thomas 1832-1902 Description of exhibit made by the Department of Prehistoric Anthropology in the National Museum at the Ohio Valley and Central States Exposition in Cincinatti, Ohio, 1888  Search this
Container of (work): Putnam, F. W (Frederic Ward) 1839-1915 Conventionalism in ancient American art  Search this
Container of (work): Polakowsky, H Altertümer aus Costa-Rica  Search this
Container of (work): Hough, Walter 1859-1935 Eskimo strike-a-light from Cape Bathurst, British America  Search this
Container of (work): Dall, William Healey 1845-1927 On the distribution of the native tribes of Alaska and the adjacent territory  Search this
Container of (work): Gatschet, Albert S (Albert Samuel) 1832-1907 Tseskan-Vogel, eine mythische Erzählung der Okinagen-Indianer  Search this
Physical description:
1 volume (various pagings) : illustrations, plates ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1870
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Indians of North America--Language  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_813907

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