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Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records

Creator:
Mergenthaler Linotype Co.  Search this
Extent:
108 Cubic feet (257 boxes, 1 map-folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Type specimens
Business records
Minutes
Brochures
Correspondence
Date:
1886-1997
Summary:
These records document primarily the history of typeface development at the Mergenthaler Linotype Company of Baltimore, Maryland. The company supplied most of the typesetting machines used in the printing industry, both in America and worldwide. As changing technology ended the usefulness of the linotype machine the company pioneered new computer-driven, photo typesetting machines.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the development of typefaces and contains some company business records, including reports, memoranda, correspondence, marketing materials, and other business papers; and typeface examples.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 13 series. The series level arrangement scheme was imposed during processing to facilitate a more usable order for the records. Several series documenting typeface were combined into a single series, Series 2: Typefaces.

In most instances, original folder titles were retained. In circumstances where there was no folder title, the processing archivist created one derived from the nature of the materials.

Series 1: Organizational Records, 1929-1997

Series 2: Office Files, 1908-1992

Series 3: Typefaces, 1904-1991

Subseries 3.1: Typefaces, 1923-1993

Subseries 3.2: Designers of Typeface, 1929-1987

Subseries 3.3: Technical Development of Typeface, 1933-1985

Subseries 3.4: Matrix Data for Typeface, 1923-1974

Subseries 3.5: Typographic Committee Meetings (Standards), 1984-1988

Series 4: Licensing Agreements, 1939-1988

Series 5: International Files, 1956-1989

Series 6: Correspondence and Inter-Office Memoranda, 1968-1994

Subseries 6.1: Domestic, 1968-1994 Subseries 6.2: Marketing, 1984-1993

Series 7: Variable Input Phototypesetter (VIP), 1970-1977

Series 8: Conferences, 1986-1993

Series 9: Executives' Records

Suberies 9.1: Brian Boyajian Files, 1989

Subseries 9.2: Bruce Brenner Files, 1981-1991

Subseries 9.3: Jackson Burke Files, 1956-1961

Subseries 9.4: Stephen "Steve" Byers Files, 1973-1995

Subseries 9.5: Ames Gutierrez Files, 1990-01-1991

Subseries 9.6: Karl Heidenreich Files, 1983

Subseries 9.7: Jürgen Krufcyzk Files, 1989-1990

Subseries 9.8: Franklin J. Lassman Files, 1984-1985

Subseries 9.9: Mike Parker Files, 1969-1981

Subseries 9.10: Ray Pell Files, 1982

Subseries 9.11: Günter Zorn Files, 1990-01-1990-12

Series 10: Sales Materials, 1886-1982

Series 11: Project Files, 1977-1987

Series 12: Xerox Corporation Materials, 1982-1989

Series 13: Adobe Systems Incorporated Materials, 1983-1993
Biographical:
Ottmar Mergenthaler (born May 11, 1854 in Hachtel (today: Bad Mergentheim), Kingdom of Württemberg; died October 28, 1899 in Baltimore, MD) was part of a large wave of German immigrants who sailed to the United States and settled in Baltimore between 1861 and 1910. He arrived in 1872, at eighteen years of age, and started working for his step-cousin August Hahl, who ran a workshop for electrical equipment and patent models. It was during Mergenthaler's time in Hahl's workshop that he first discovered his true passion: print technology. In 1885, thirteen years after landing in the United States, Mergenthaler was awarded a patent for a typesetting machine that eventually became known as the Linotype. The invention was the result of a decade of intense engagement with mechanized typesetting machines and the surrounding literature. The Linotype represented a major milestone in the history of printing, and, by extension, the larger history of Mergenthaler's time. His invention revolutionized the printing industry, making it possible to print faster and more efficiently than ever before. Ultimately, Mergenthaler's Linotype opened a new chapter in the history of mass communication and determined the path of the printing industry for the next century.

Mergenthaler Linotype Company was founded in the United States in 1886 to market the Linotype machine invented by Ottmar Mergenthaler.

Source

Tsaniou, Styliani. "Ottmar Mergenthaler." In Immigrant Entrepreneurship: German-American Business Biographies, 1720 to the Present, vol. 3, edited by Giles R. Hoyt. German Historical Institute. Last modified July 26, 2013. http://www.immigrantentrepreneurship.org/entry.php?rec=42
Related Materials:
Materials at the Smithsonian Institution

Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series: Printing and Printers

Smithsonian Institution Archives

Presentation of Mergenthaler Linotype Machine to the National Museum of History and Technology, now known as the National Museum of American History. (SIA Acc. 11-008 [OPA-1521])

Smithsonian Trade Literature Collection

Mergenthaler Linotype Company catalogs

National Postal Museum

Ottmar Mergenthaler, postage stamp, 1996. See 1997.2004.49.

Smithsonian American Art Museums

Ottmar Mergenthaler, sculpture, 1908. See IAS 08650110.

National Portrait Gallery

Ottmar Mergenthaler, sculpture, 1908. See NPG.79.77.

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Linotype Machine used by the Chicago Defender Publishing Company, 1902-1906. See NMAAHC-2012.18.

Materials at Other Organizations

University of Delaware Library, Special Collections Department

Mergenthaler Linotype Collection, 1881-1954

Eight linear feet of materials including letters, legal papers, and patents. The collection represents only a limited portion of the company's history.

University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center

Chauncey Hawley Griffith papers, 1903-1969, undated

Primarily of manuscript correspondence, drawings, and proofs that document typefaces designed and developed by Chauncey Hawley Griffith, William Addison Dwiggins, and Rudolph Ruzicka for the Mergenthaler Linotype Company in the early- to mid-twentieth century.

Syracuse University Libraries, Special Collections Research Center

William Addison Dwiggins Collection, 1927

Typewritten manuscript for an essay written by Dwiggins and related correspondence.

University of Maryland, Special Collections

William Addision Dwiggins Collection, 1902-1990

Includes over 130 volumes and over 30 pieces of ephemera documenting Dwiggins's design career, as well as works written about him.

New York Public Library, Manuscripts and Archives Division

Paul A. Bennett papers, 1925-1966

Personal and professional correspondence, research materials, typescripts of writings, and other papers relating to Bennett's career in advertising and his work with the Typophiles. Includes material relating to the Chap Book series, published by the Typophiles.
Separated Materials:
The Division of Culture and the Arts holds objects related to the Mergenthaler Linotype Company that include books, models, linofilm system, matrices, typecasting and typesetting machine, reports, and letters.

See accessions: 1981.1011; GA.22989; GA.22952; GA 22984; GA.22948; GA.22951; 22949; GA.22953; ZZ.RSN85692F20; GA.24877; GA.23057; GA.24582; 1979.0372.1; GA.22988; GA.22950; GA.17070; GA.22947; GA.22959; GA.22961; GA.22986; GA.22987; GA.22955.
Provenance:
Donated by Mergenthaler Linotype Company in 1998 and 1999.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Social Security numbers are present and have been rendered unreadable and redacted. Researchers may use the photocopies in the collection.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Typesetting  Search this
Printing -- History  Search this
Printing -- Instruments  Search this
Type designers  Search this
Typesetting machines  Search this
Linotype  Search this
Printing industry  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Genre/Form:
Type specimens
Business records -- 20th century
Minutes -- 20th century
Brochures -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 20th century
Citation:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records, 1886-1997, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0666
See more items in:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0666
Online Media:

Technology Review

Collection Creator:
Brooks, Arthur Raymond, 1895-1991  Search this
Container:
Box 10, Folder 17
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
November 1961
1961-05
1930-07
Scope and Contents:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, vol. 32, no. 8, July 1930; vol. 63, no. 7, May 1961; and vol. 64, no. 1, November 1961.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Arthur Raymond Brooks Collection, NASM.1989.0104, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arthur Raymond Brooks Collection
Arthur Raymond Brooks Collection / Series 1: Professional Materials / 1.8: Magazines
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1989-0104-ref314
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Linotype Model 3

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 5 ft x 5 ft x 8 ft; 1.524 m x 1.524 m x 2.4384 m
Object Name:
Matrices, Boxc of
typecasting machine
typecasting typesetting machine
Other Terms:
Matrices, Boxc of; Linotype
Place made:
United States: New York, Brooklyn
Date made:
ca 1906
Patent date:
August 1, 1906
ID Number:
GA.24582
Catalog number:
GA*24582
Accession number:
1977.0884
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-6be4-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1096275

Improvement in Typesetting Machines

Object Name:
Pamphlet
Other Terms:
Pamphlet; Composing
ID Number:
GA.23666
Catalog number:
23666
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-2d3e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_811341

Second Band Machine

Associated person:
Mergenthaler, Ottmar  Search this
Maker:
Mergenthaler, Ottmar  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 122 in x 32 in x 32 in; 309.88 cm x 81.28 cm x 81.28 cm
Object Name:
Type Composing Machine
typesetting machine
typecasting typesetting machine
Other Terms:
Type Composing Machine; Line Caster
Date made:
1884
Credit Line:
The Linotype Group
ID Number:
1986.0879.01
Accession number:
1986.0879
Catalog number:
86.0879.01
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-48c9-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_826480

Moore machine

Associated person:
Mergenthaler, Ottmar  Search this
Clephane, James O.  Search this
Maker:
Mergenthaler, Ottmar  Search this
Originator:
Mergenthaler, Ottmar  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 39 in x 34 in x 18 in; 99.06 cm x 86.36 cm x 45.72 cm
Object Name:
Type Composing Machine
type setting machine
typesetting machine
Other Terms:
Type Composing Machine; Line Caster
Date made:
1876
Credit Line:
The Linotype Group
ID Number:
1986.0879.02
Accession number:
1986.0879
Catalog number:
1986.0879.02
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-48ea-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_826481
Online Media:

Clephane Machine

Associated person:
Mergenthaler, Ottmar  Search this
Clephane, James O.  Search this
Maker:
Mergenthaler, Ottmar  Search this
Originator:
Clephane, James O.  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 37 in x 38 in x 23 in; 93.98 cm x 96.52 cm x 58.42 cm
Object Name:
Type Composing Machine
typesetting machine
Other Terms:
Type Composing Machine; Line Caster
Date made:
1879
Credit Line:
The Linotype Group
ID Number:
1986.0879.03
Accession number:
1986.0879
Catalog number:
1986.0879.03
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-48eb-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_826482
Online Media:

Thorne unitype typesetting machine

Associated user:
unknown  Search this
Measurements:
overall:;
overall: 72 in x 35 in x 37 1/2 in; 182.88 cm x 88.9 cm x 95.25 cm
Object Name:
Typesetter
typesetting machine
Other Terms:
Typesetter; Printing
Date made:
ca 1900
Credit Line:
"The Morgan Press Type Font Collection" assembled by Willard D. Morgan
ID Number:
1982.0203.2738
Accession number:
1982.0203
Catalog number:
1982.0203.2738
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-3d67-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_831994

Lanston Monotype Typesetting Machine

Object Name:
Print
Other Terms:
Print; Wood Cut
ID Number:
1980.0576.585
Accession number:
1980.0576
Catalog number:
1980.0576.585
80.0576.585
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-faba-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_793871

Blower Linotype

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 7 ft x 5 ft x 5 ft; 2.1336 m x 1.524 m x 1.524 m
Object Name:
Typesetting machine
Date made:
1890
ID Number:
GA.22989
Catalog number:
22989
Accession number:
285495
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-cfde-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_787755

Museum Machines (typesetting machines)

Collection Creator:
Mergenthaler Linotype Co.  Search this
Container:
Box 19, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1958-1959
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Social Security numbers are present and have been rendered unreadable and redacted. Researchers may use the photocopies in the collection.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records, 1886-1997, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records
Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records / Series 2: Office Files
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0666-ref987

Artist's Print Projects

Collection Creator:
Woman's Building (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1976-1989
Scope and Contents:
The Woman's Graphic Center encouraged artists to create their own work in multiple using the Center's various facilities which included printing presses, darkrooms, silkscreening tools, and typesetting machines. This subseries includes a range of materials created by artists such as postcards, artist books, and stationary designs, using the Center's resources. Some of the material was made by artists for their own private commissions and businesses, whereas other material was produced for Woman's Building events and programs.
Arrangement:
Oversized materials are grouped together at the end of the series.
Collection Citation:
Woman's Building records, 1970-1992. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.womabuil, Subseries 4.2
See more items in:
Woman's Building records
Woman's Building records / Series 4: Women's Graphic Center
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-womabuil-ref1007

Peery Typesetting Records

Collector:
Information, Technology and Society, Div. of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Creator:
Peery, Walter E.  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (9 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Patent applications
Design drawings
Date:
1937-1959.
Scope and Contents:
Papers documenting the invention and patenting of the Peery Typesetter.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical / Historical:
Inventor of an experimental photo typesetting machine.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Typesetting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 1930-1960
Patent applications
Design drawings
Citation:
Peery Typesetting Records, 1937-1959, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0550
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0550
Online Media:

Patent model for typesetting machine

Maker:
Harger, H.  Search this
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 1/4 in x 7 1/4 in x 12 in; 18.415 cm x 18.415 cm x 30.48 cm
Object Name:
patent model
machine, typesetting
Object Type:
Patent Model
Date made:
ca 1860
Patent date:
1860-06-26
ID Number:
1997.0198.07
Accession number:
1997.0198
Catalog number:
1997.0198.07
Patent number:
28857
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Work
Industry & Manufacturing
Communications
Patent Models
Patent Models, Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a4-f7b4-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_687605

1852 - Otis Avery's Patent Model of a Sewing Machine

Inventor:
Avery, Otis  Search this
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 9 in x 13 in x 10 in; 22.86 cm x 33.02 cm x 25.4 cm
Object Name:
sewing machine patent model
Object Type:
Patent Model
Model constructed:
before 1852-10-19
Patent date:
1852-10-19
Subject:
Patent Models  Search this
Invention  Search this
Related Publication:
Janssen, Barbara Suit. Patent Models Index
Cooper, Grace Rogers. The Sewing Machine: Its Invention and Development
Related Web Publication:
http://www.sil.si.edu/DigitalCollections/HST/Cooper/CF/view.cfm
ID Number:
TE.T06114
Catalog number:
T06114.000
Patent number:
009338
Accession number:
89797
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Textiles
Sewing Machines
Patent Models
Textiles
Patent Models, Sewing Machines
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-3526-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1070429
Online Media:

Patent Model of a Typesetting Machine

Maker:
Dickinson, Charles W.  Search this
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 36 cm x 20 cm x 31 cm; 14 3/16 in x 7 7/8 in x 12 3/16 in
Object Name:
patent model
machine, typesetting and composing
Object Type:
Patent Model
Date made:
ca 1876
Patent date:
1876-03-21
ID Number:
GA.89797.174901
Accession number:
89797
Catalog number:
GA*89797.174901
Patent number:
174901
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Work
Industry & Manufacturing
Communications
Patent Models
Patent Models, Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-31f3-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1072066

Unitype Typesetting Machine

Measurements:
overall: typesetting machine: 61 1/4 in x 42 in x 42 in; 155.575 cm x 106.68 cm x 106.68 cm
overall: metal box: 3 1/2 in x 12 1/4 in x 9 in; 8.89 cm x 31.115 cm x 22.86 cm
Object Name:
Unitype Typesetting Machine
typesetting machine
ID Number:
GA.13160
Catalog number:
13160
GA13160
Accession number:
69636
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-d8b8-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1817075

Montype Typesetting Machine

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 13/16 in x 5 3/8 in x 1/16 in; 19.84375 cm x 13.6525 cm x .15875 cm
Object Name:
booklet
ID Number:
GA.24602.561
Accession number:
1977.1082
Catalog number:
24602.561
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-c275-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1873093
Online Media:

Patent Model of aTypesetting Machine

Maker:
Lorenz, William A.  Search this
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
glass (overall material)
wood (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 28 cm x 23.5 cm x 25 cm; 11 in x 9 1/4 in x 9 13/16 in
Object Name:
patent model
machine, type distributing
Object Type:
Patent Model
Date made:
ca 1876
Patent date:
1876-03-21
ID Number:
GA.89797.174916
Accession number:
89797
Patent number:
174916
Catalog number:
GA*89797.174916
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Work
Industry & Manufacturing
Communications
Patent Models
Patent Models, Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-d066-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_766723

Patent Model of a Type-setting and Type-distributing Machine

Maker:
Reynolds, John A.  Search this
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
wood (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 31 cm x 34.8 cm x 39 cm; 12 3/16 in x 13 11/16 in x 15 3/8 in
Object Name:
machine, typesetting
Object Type:
Patent Model
Date made:
ca 1874
Patent date:
1874-07-07
ID Number:
GA.89797.152868
Accession number:
089797
Catalog number:
GA*89797.152868
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Work
Industry & Manufacturing
Communications
Patent Models
Patent Models, Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a8-7f84-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_998736

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