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James E. Curry papers

Correspondent:
Paul, William L. Jr  Search this
Creator:
Curry, James E., 1907-1972  Search this
Names:
Rosebud Sioux Tribe  Search this
Three Affiliated Tribes  Search this
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Bingham, Jonathan  Search this
Cohen, Felix  Search this
Cohen, Henry  Search this
Extent:
121.7 Linear feet
Culture:
Potawatomi  Search this
Muckleshoot  Search this
Nooksack  Search this
Missouria (Missouri)  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Coeur d'Alene  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Gambell, St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota [Standing Rock]  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Mdewakantonwan Dakota [Flandreau]  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Yavapai [Fort McDowell]  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Wendat (Huron)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Santa Ana Pueblo  Search this
Cocopa  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Wesort  Search this
Tillamook  Search this
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Stockbridge Mahican  Search this
Quinault  Search this
Lummi  Search this
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tesuque Pueblo  Search this
Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma]  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Sandia Pueblo  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Cheyenne River Lakota Sioux  Search this
Coeur d'Alene  Search this
Croatan  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Cocopa  Search this
Chickahominy  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa [Lac Courte Oreilles, Wisconsin]  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Unangan (Aleut)  Search this
Chiricahua Apache [Fort Sill, Oklahoma]  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Yavapai  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Washoe (Washo)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Seri  Search this
Zia Pueblo  Search this
Yoeme (Yaqui)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Catawba  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Osage  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Umatilla  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Tsimshian [Metlakatla]  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Ute  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Havasupai (Coconino)  Search this
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Oto  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Notes
Letters
Clippings
Legal documents
Place:
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians of North Carolina
Date:
1932-1958
Summary:
These are the papers of Washington, D.C. attorney James E. Curry, whose legal career included work both as a government attorney and in his own private practice. The bulk of the papers reflect his private practice in the area of Indian affairs.
Scope and Contents:
The material in the collection includes documents relating to many aspects of Curry's career but most of it relates to his work with Indian tribes and the National Congress of American Indians. For the most, the collection is made up of such materials as letters exchanged with government officials, Indians, and other attorneys; copies of legal documents; published government documents; notes; and clippings and other printed materials. Of particular significance is a subject file relating to Indian affairs. It includes material concerning affairs of Alaskan natives and the Aleut (Akutan, Pribilof Islands), Apache (including Fort Sill, Jicarilla, Mescalero, San Carlos White Mountain), Arapaho (Southern), Assiniboine (Fort Belknap, Fort Peck), Bannock (including Fort Hall), Blackfeet, Caddo, Catawba, Cherokee (Eastern), Cheyenne (Northern, Southern), Chickahominy, Chickasaw, Chippewa (including Lac Courte Oreilles), Choctaw, Cochiti, Cocopa, Coeur d'Alene, Colville, Comanche, Creek, Croatan, Crow, Dakota (Big Foot, Cheyenne River, Crow Creek, Devil's Lake, Flandreau, Fort Totten, Lower Brule, Mdewakanton, Oglala, Rosebud, Santee, Sisseton-Wahpeton, Standing Rock, Yankton), Delaware, Eskimo (including Gambell, Kiana), Flathead, Fox, Haida (including Kasaan), Havasupai, Hopi, Iroquois (Caughnawaga, Seneca, St. Regis), Isleta, Jemez, Kalilspel, Kansa (Kaw), Kickapoo, Kiowa, Klamath, Kutenai, Laguna, Lummi, Maricopa (Gila River, Salt River), Menominee, Missouria, Mohave (Fort Mohave), Mohave Apache (Fort McDowell), Muckleshoot, Navaho, Nez Perce, Niska, Nooksak, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Papago, Paiute (Fallon, Fort McDermitt), Moapa, Pyramid Lake, Shivwits, Walker River, Yerington), Pima (Gila River, Salt River), Potowatomi, Quinaielt, San Felipe, San Ildefonso, San Juan, Santa Ana, Santa Clara, Sandia, Sauk, Seminole (Florida, Oklahoma), Seneca, Seri, Shawnee (Eastern), Shoshoni (including Fort Hall), Sia, Spokan, Stockbridge, Taos (Pyote clan), Tesuque, Three Affiliated Tribes (Mandan, Arikara, and Hidatsa), Tillamook, Tlingit (including Angoon, Craig, Juneau, Kake, Ketchikan, Klawak, Klukwan, Taku, Wrangell), Tsimshian (Metlakatla), Umatilla, Ute (including Uintah-Ouray), Walapai, Washo, Wesort, Winnebago, Wyandot, Yakima, Yaqui, Yavapai, Yuma, and Zuni. There are also materials relating to Curry's work with the Bureau of Indian Affairs and National Congress of American Indians, and material that reflects his interest in conditions and events in given locations (often filed by state) and in organizations with interest in Indians. The material relating to Curry's work in Puerto Rico has been deposited in the Archivo General de Puerto Rico, Instituto de Cultura Puertorriquena, in San Juan.
Arrangement note:
The James E. Curry Papershave been arranged into 6 series: (1) Daily Chronological Files, 1941-1955; (2) Subject Files Regarding Indian Affairs, bulk 1935-1955; (3) Miscellaneous Files Regarding Indian Affairs, bulk 1947-1953; (4) Non-Indian Affairs, n.d.; (5) Puerto Rico Work, 1941-1947; (6) Miscellany, undated.
Biographical/Historical note:
James E. Curry was trained in law in Chicago and practiced in that city from 1930 until 1936, serving part of that time as secretary of the local branch of the American Civil Liberties Union. From 1936 to 1938, he was an attorney with the United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Indian Affairs, being largely involved with matters of credit affecting Indians. From 1938 to 1942, he continued service with the Interior Department but worked in several capacities involving the Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration, the department's Consumers' Counsel Division, and the Puerto Rico Water Resources Authority.

In 1945, Curry returned to Washington and set up private practice, also maintaining for a time an office in Puerto Rico. In Washington, he became the attorney for the National Congress of American Indians and from that time until the 1950s his practice increasingly involved representation of American Indian tribes, mostly in claims against the federal government. In this work, for a time, he was involved in business relations with a New York Law firm that included Henry Cohen, Felix Cohen, and Jonathan Bingham.

He also often worked closely with lawyers who lived near the tribes he represented, William L. Paul, Jr., of Alaska, for example. This aspect of his practice--representing Indian tribes--was largely broken up during the early 1950s when the Commissioner of Indian Affairs began to use his powers to disapprove contracts between Curry and the tribes. In 1952 and 1953, his official relationship with the National Congress of American Indians was also ended. After this, while Curry continued until his death to act as a consultant in Indian claims with which he had earlier been involved, his career and life developed in a different direction.
Related Materials:
Additional material relating to James E. Curry can be found in the records of the National Congress of American Indians, also located at the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center.
Provenance:
The Curry papers were originally donated to the National Anthropological Archives by James E. Curry's daughter Mrs. Aileen Curry-Cloonan in December 1973. In 2007 The Curry papers were transferred from the National Anthropological Archives to the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center along with several other records concerning American Indian law and political rights.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Genre/Form:
Notes
Letters
Clippings
Legal documents
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); James E. Curry papers, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.015
See more items in:
James E. Curry papers
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv47452304f-6226-44f3-9c83-407a91782872
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-015

Economic Development Administration "Case Histories" on Indian Development collection

Creator:
United States Economic Development Administration  Search this
Extent:
602 Slides (photographs)
9 Sound cassettes
Culture:
Ute  Search this
Tsimshian [Metlakatla]  Search this
Northern Paiute (Paviotso) [Warm Springs Reservation]  Search this
Lummi  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Sound cassettes
Slides
Audiocassettes
Date:
approximately 1973
Summary:
Slides and audio recordings produced by Intermedia Systems for the Economic Development Administration, United States Department of Commerce, presenting case histories on the following Native reservations— Uintah and Ouray (Ute), Metlakatla (Tsimshian), Warm Springs (Northern Paiute), Lummi, Fort Apache (Chiricahua Apache), and Mescalero (Mescalero Apache) reservations.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes 602 slides and 9 audiocassettes from produced by Intermedia Systems for the Economic Development Administration, United States Department of Commerce, presenting case histories on Indian Develpoment, circa 1973. The following Case Histories are included; Series 1: Uintah and Ouray (Ute), Series 2: Metlakatla (Tsimshian), Series 3: Warm Springs (Northern Paiute), Series 4: Lummi, Series 5: Fort Apache (Chiricahua Apache), and Series 6: Mescalero (Mescalero Apache). The slides include images of maps, statistics, landscape views highlighting economic development and community members at work. There are also groups of slides that are overviews titled; Series 7: "Development Professional," Series 8: "Indian Leader," and Series 9: "Business." Audiocassettes accompany each case history and overview.
Arrangement:
Arranged in nine Series in the order received. First by Case Histories (Series 1-6), then by Overviews (Series 7-9).
Economic Development Administration (EDA):
In 1965, Congress passed the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965 (PWEDA) (42 U.S.C. § 3121), which authorized the creation of the Economic Development Administration (EDA) to succeed the previous ARA organization. The newly created EDA organization retained many of the unique flexibilities and programs of the previous ARA program, with the exception that it was given a larger public works grant and loan program that had previously been afforded to ARA, and the previous authorities to support job training programs were removed and transferred to the Department of Labor.

In large measure, EDA was established to create and retain jobs and to help stimulate industrial and commercial growth in distressed rural and urban communities across the nation. PWEDA was authorized in support of President Johnson's domestic focus to create and expand programs that would provide distressed communities the resources needed to realize the benefits of progress other portions of the country were experiencing. Since the enactment of PWEDA in 1965, successive Congressional reauthorizations have expanded EDA's initial authority to provide the agency enhanced flexibility to carry out its mission.

For the three decades after PWEDA's initial passage, EDA primarily focused on providing assistance to help communities develop basic infrastructure, including water, sewer and roads. In the early-1970s EDA's portfolio expanded to include an extensive planning initiative which soon became the Partnership Planning program.

By the mid-1970s, EDA received special authority to create the Economic Adjustment Assistance Program, designed to address economic development challenges more proactively and more effectively. Authorized by the new Title IX of PWEDA during reauthorization in 1975, the Economic Adjustment Assistance Program specifically authorized the agency to take action in any area having or facing major structural changes to its economy. This change was designed to provide EDA the latitude needed to work proactively with local partners to address economic challenges before they became deep-rooted and more costly to the community in terms of lost jobs and revenues.

Source: https://www.eda.gov/archives/2016/50/history/
Provenance:
Gift of Vine Deloria Jr., 1992.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Genre/Form:
Slides
Audiocassettes
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known);Economic Development Administration "Case Histories" on Indian Development collection, NMAI.AC.441; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.441
See more items in:
Economic Development Administration "Case Histories" on Indian Development collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv447bef14e-c309-4448-9f32-b855bb33276d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-441

Metlakatla Case History

Collection Creator:
United States Economic Development Administration  Search this
Extent:
69 Slides
1 Sound cassette
Container:
Box 1, Sheet 4-7
Box 3, Item 2
Culture:
Tsimshian [Metlakatla]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Audio
Slides
Sound cassettes
Date:
undated
1973
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known);Economic Development Administration "Case Histories" on Indian Development collection, NMAI.AC.441; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.441, Series 2
See more items in:
Economic Development Administration "Case Histories" on Indian Development collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4b6367f0a-1741-4b77-8ebf-019c3a8851bc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-441-ref2

Metlakahtla. Annette Island, Alaska

Photographer:
Devereux, W. B.  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Collection Collector:
Rumsey, Mary Harriman, 1881-1934.  Search this
Extent:
1 Lantern slide
Container:
Box 10
Culture:
Tsimshian [Metlakatla]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Lantern slides
Date:
1899 June 4
Scope and Contents:
View of village of New Metlakahtla, Annette Island, Alaska, with wooden walkway; bay and snow-capped mountains in background.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Mary Harriman Rumsey Collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition Photographs, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.053, Item L00742
See more items in:
Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs
Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs / Series 1: Harriman Alaska Expedition / 1.5: Metlakatla
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv49649be40-d6e1-4d96-9d39-9768c2f452cc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-053-ref619

Church and School House. New Metlakahtla, Annette Island, Alaska

Photographer:
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Collection Collector:
Rumsey, Mary Harriman, 1881-1934.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
1 Lantern slide
Container:
Photo-folder 5
Box 10
Culture:
Tsimshian [Metlakatla]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Slides
Photographic prints
Lantern slides
Date:
1899 June 4
Scope and Contents:
View of the Episcopal church and school house at New Metlakahtla. "Scottish missionary Father William Duncan's Christian Church of Church and School House of Metlakahtla".
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Mary Harriman Rumsey Collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition Photographs, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.053, Item P10896, L00743
See more items in:
Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs
Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs / Series 1: Harriman Alaska Expedition / 1.5: Metlakatla
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45de3c3c7-8b44-46bf-814d-76cb57cdc56f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-053-ref620

Interior of church. New Metlakahtla. Annette Island. Alaska

Photographer:
Devereux, W. B.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Rumsey, Mary Harriman, 1881-1934.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
1 Lantern slide
Container:
Photo-folder 5
Box 10
Culture:
Tsimshian [Metlakatla]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Slides
Photographic prints
Lantern slides
Date:
1899 June 4
Scope and Contents:
Interior of wooden plank church at New Metlakahtla, showing pews, altar area with lectern, oil lamps. and pipe organ. A large representation of an open bible hangs over the altar area, as does an arched sign stating "Peace on earth good will toward men".
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Mary Harriman Rumsey Collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition Photographs, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.053, Item P10897, L00744
See more items in:
Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs
Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs / Series 1: Harriman Alaska Expedition / 1.5: Metlakatla
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4871047f6-8e04-4a57-8325-c8ea99959b49
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-053-ref621

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