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John Pye papers

Creator:
Pye, John  Search this
Names:
Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923  Search this
Pye, John  Search this
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962  Search this
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972  Search this
Wilbur, Curtis Dwight, 1867-1954  Search this
Extent:
1.54 Linear feet (3 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographic prints
Books
Clippings
Invitations
Photographs
Date:
1911-1979
Summary:
The John Pye papers, dating from 1911 to 1979 and measuring .73 linear feet, document the career of White House chauffeur and butler John Pye. The collection is composed of correspondence, clippings, invitations, photographs, and a book.
Scope and Contents:
The John Pye papers, which date from 1911 to 1979, document the personal and professional life of John Pye. The collection contains material related to his employment at the Elks Club in Washington, D.C., as the chauffeur for the Secretary of the Navy, at the United States Post Office, and as a valet, messenger, chauffeur, and butler in the the White House from 1913-1952. Very notable are correspondence and event invitations from the Truman and Roosevelt administrations. The papers include letters, certificates, newspaper clippings, invitations, photographic prints, photographs, and a book on President Harry S. Truman by his daughter Margaret Truman.

The collection is organized into four series: Series 1: Biographical, Series 2: Correspondence, Series 3: Career, Series 4: Miscellaneous, and Series 5: Photographs.

Series 1: Biographical, 1925-1979, undated, consists of newspaper clippings and writings detailing the personal and professional life of John Pye.

Series 2: Correspondence, 1911-1966, undated, consists of letters of recommendation for Pye, invitations, and other correspondence from his employment at the White House.

Series 3: Career, 1944-1952, undated, consists of lists of White House Luncheon attendees, a certificate recognizing Pye's WWII civilian service, and a signed broadsheet commemorating his retirement from the White House.

Series 4: Miscellaneous, 1938-1947, consists of news transcripts and clippings. Some discuss the advancement of African Americans into formerly white-dominated professions.

Series 5: Photographs, circa 1920-circa 1965, undated, consists of photographs from John Pye's work and private life. Some photographs are inscribed portrait photos of Pye's employers, including Presidents Harding, Roosevelt, and Truman.
Arrangement:
The John Pye papers are arranged by material type. Series 1 through 4 are housed in Box 1 and contain correspondence, clippings, and a book. Boxes 2 and 3 contain photographs. Box 2 contains loose photographs and Box 3 contains framed and oversized photographs.
Biographical / Historical:
John Pye, 1888- , moved from Newburg, Maryland, to Washington, DC, in 1900. His first documented employment was with the Elks Club. In 1916 he became a chauffeur for Josephus Daniels, Secretary of the Navy, and in 1920, he worked for the Post Office. He occasionally acted as a chauffeur for Franklin D. Roosevelt, then Assistant Secretary of the Navy. In 1933, upon Roosevelt's ascent to the presidency, Pye was brought on as a White House employee. Pye worked as a valet, messenger, chauffeur, butler, and occasional cook in the White House from 1913 to 1952. After his retirement, he continued to supervise select events at the White House and other elite DC-area institutions.

Pye lived in Northeast DC during his career. In later life he moved to Gainesville, Virginia, with his wife Thelma.
Provenance:
The John Pye papers were donated to the Anacostia Community Museum in 2003 by Ethel L. Pye.
Restrictions:
The John Pye papers are the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Rights:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Politicians -- United States  Search this
African American men  Search this
African Americans -- Employment  Search this
African Americans -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographic prints
Books
Clippings
Invitations
Photographs
Citation:
John Pye papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Ethel L. Pye.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-024
See more items in:
John Pye papers
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-024
Online Media:

invitation

Associated Name:
Truman, Harry S.  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 5 3/4 in x 4 1/2 in x 1/4 in; 14.605 cm x 11.43 cm x .635 cm
Object Name:
invitation
Associated Date:
December 16, 1947
Subject:
White House  Search this
ID Number:
2014.3009.004
Catalog number:
2014.3009.004
Nonaccession number:
2014.3009
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, White House Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ae-03d0-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1458943

invitation

Associated Name:
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Truman, Harry S.  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 5 3/4 in x 3 3/4 in x 1/4 in; 14.605 cm x 9.525 cm x .635 cm
Object Name:
invitation
Associated Date:
May 9, 1952
Subject:
White House  Search this
ID Number:
2014.3009.007
Catalog number:
2014.3009.007
Nonaccession number:
2014.3009
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, White House Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ae-03d3-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1458992

invitation

Associated Name:
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Truman, Harry S.  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 5 3/4 in x 3 3/4 in x 1/4 in; 14.605 cm x 9.525 cm x .635 cm
Object Name:
invitation
Associated Date:
May 9, 1952
Subject:
White House  Search this
ID Number:
2014.3009.008
Nonaccession number:
2014.3009
Catalog number:
2014.3009.008
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, White House Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ae-03d4-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1459021

invitation

Associated Name:
Truman, Harry S.  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 5 3/4 in x 3 3/4 in x 1/4 in; 14.605 cm x 9.525 cm x .635 cm
Object Name:
invitation
Associated Date:
May 9, 1952
Subject:
White House  Search this
ID Number:
2014.3009.009
Catalog number:
2014.3009.009
Nonaccession number:
2014.3009
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, White House Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ae-0b9b-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1459073

invitation

Associated Name:
Truman, Harry S.  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 5 3/4 in x 3 3/4 in x 1/4 in; 14.605 cm x 9.525 cm x .635 cm
Object Name:
invitation
Associated Date:
December 10, 1946
Subject:
White House  Search this
ID Number:
2014.3009.010
Catalog number:
2014.3009.010
Nonaccession number:
2014.3009
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, White House Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ae-0c24-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1459078

invitation

Associated Name:
Truman, Harry S.  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 5 3/4 in x 3 3/4 in x 1/4 in; 14.605 cm x 9.525 cm x .635 cm
Object Name:
invitation
Associated Date:
December 16, 1947
Subject:
White House  Search this
ID Number:
2014.3009.011
Catalog number:
2014.3009.011
Nonaccession number:
2014.3009
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, White House Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ae-0c2a-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1459093

invitation

Associated Name:
Truman, Harry S.  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 5 3/4 in x 3 3/4 in x 1/4 in; 14.605 cm x 9.525 cm x .635 cm
Object Name:
invitation
Associated Date:
December 16, 1947
Subject:
White House  Search this
ID Number:
2014.3009.012
Catalog number:
2014.3009.012
Nonaccession number:
2014.3009
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, White House Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ae-02c5-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1459097

invitation

Associated Name:
Truman, Harry S.  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 5 3/4 in x 3 3/4 in x 1/4 in; 14.605 cm x 9.525 cm x .635 cm
Object Name:
invitation
Associated Date:
December 10, 1946
Subject:
White House  Search this
ID Number:
2014.3009.013
Catalog number:
2014.3009.013
Nonaccession number:
2014.3009
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, White House Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ae-02c6-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1459100

invitation

Associated Name:
Truman, Harry S.  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 5 3/4 in x 2 3/4 in x 1/4 in; 14.605 cm x 6.985 cm x .635 cm
Object Name:
invitation
Associated Date:
December 10, 1946
Subject:
White House  Search this
ID Number:
2014.3009.015
Catalog number:
2014.3009.015
Nonaccession number:
2014.3009
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, White House Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ae-02c9-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1459114

invitation

Associated Name:
Truman, Harry S.  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 5 3/4 in x 3 3/4 in x 1/4 in; 14.605 cm x 9.525 cm x .635 cm
Object Name:
invitation
Associated Date:
December 16, 1947
Subject:
White House  Search this
ID Number:
2014.3009.018
Catalog number:
2014.3009.018
Nonaccession number:
2014.3009
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, White House Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ae-052b-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1459274

First Ladies Hall, Arts and Industries Building

Creator:
United States National Museum Photographic Laboratory  Search this
Subject:
Eisenhower, Mamie Doud 1896-1979  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Roosevelt, Eleanor 1884-1962  Search this
Hoover, Lou Henry 1874-1944  Search this
Arts and Industries Building (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
United States National Museum Department of History  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints; 8 x 8;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1955
Circa 1955
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B42_F17_001]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_401788
Online Media:

First Ladies Hall, Arts and Industries Building

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Photographic Services Division  Search this
Subject:
Eisenhower, Mamie Doud 1896-1979  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Onassis, Jacqueline Kennedy 1929-1994  Search this
Roosevelt, Eleanor 1884-1962  Search this
Hoover, Lou Henry 1874-1944  Search this
Arts and Industries Building (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Political History  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints; 5 x 8;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1963
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B42_F17_003]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_401790
Online Media:

First Ladies Gowns

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Coolidge, Grace Goodhue 1879-1957  Search this
Eisenhower, Mamie Doud 1896-  Search this
Harding, Florence Kling  Search this
Hoover, Lou Henry  Search this
Johnson, Lady Bird 1912-  Search this
Onassis, Jacqueline Kennedy 1929-1994  Search this
Roosevelt, Eleanor 1884-1962  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
National Collections  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)  Search this
First Ladies Exhibit  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 5w x 4h; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Place:
United States
Date:
c. 1968
Topic:
Artifacts  Search this
Chandeliers  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Costumes  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
First Ladies Gowns  Search this
Gifts  Search this
Mannequins (figures)  Search this
Museum mannequins  Search this
Piano  Search this
Presidents' spouses  Search this
Women--History  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2010-3415 or P65460G or MAH-P65460G
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11426

First Ladies Gowns

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Harding, Florence Kling  Search this
Hoover, Lou Henry  Search this
Coolidge, Grace Goodhue 1879-1957  Search this
Roosevelt, Eleanor 1884-1962  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Eisenhower, Mamie Doud 1896-  Search this
Johnson, Lady Bird 1912-  Search this
Onassis, Jacqueline Kennedy 1929-1994  Search this
Nixon, Pat 1912-  Search this
First Ladies Hall  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)  Search this
National Collections  Search this
First Ladies Exhibit  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1 Color: Color Size: 10w x 8h Type of Image: Exhibit Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Place:
United States
Date:
1972
Topic:
Artifacts  Search this
Chandeliers  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Costumes  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
First Ladies Gowns  Search this
Gifts  Search this
Mannequins (figures)  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Museum mannequins  Search this
Piano  Search this
Presidents' spouses  Search this
Women--History  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2010-3412 or 72-7078-CN
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11427

First Ladies Hall, NMHT

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Coolidge, Grace Goodhue 1879-1957  Search this
Eisenhower, Mamie Doud 1896-  Search this
Harding, Florence Kling  Search this
Hoover, Lou Henry  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Onassis, Jacqueline Kennedy 1929-1994  Search this
Johnson, Lady Bird 1912-  Search this
Nixon, Pat 1912-  Search this
First Ladies Hall  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)  Search this
National Collections  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Place:
United States
Date:
1972
Topic:
Artifacts  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Costumes  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
First Ladies Gowns  Search this
Gifts  Search this
Mannequins (figures)  Search this
Museum mannequins  Search this
Presidents' spouses  Search this
Women--History  Search this
Standard number:
72-7078
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9340

Lady Bird Johnson Visits First Ladies Hall

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Carmichael, Leonard 1898-1973  Search this
Eisenhower, Mamie Doud 1896-  Search this
Johnson, Lady Bird 1912-  Search this
Onassis, Jacqueline Kennedy 1929-1994  Search this
Roosevelt, Eleanor 1884-1962  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Arts and Industries Building  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
National Collections  Search this
First Ladies Exhibit  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Event; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Place:
United States
Date:
November 15, 1962
Topic:
Artifacts  Search this
Chandeliers  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Costumes  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Fireplace  Search this
First Ladies Gowns  Search this
Mannequins (figures)  Search this
Museum mannequins  Search this
Museum visitors  Search this
Presidents' spouses  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Special events  Search this
Women--History  Search this
Standard number:
MAH50700
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9980

Bess W. Truman / Margaret Truman

Author:
Truman, Margaret 1924-2008  Search this
Subject:
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Truman, Harry S. 1884-1972 Family  Search this
Physical description:
445 p., [25] p. of plates : facsims., geneal. table, ports. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1986
C1986
Topic:
Presidents' spouses  Search this
Presidents  Search this
Call number:
E814.1.T68T68 1986X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_279058

Bess & Harry : an American love story / Jhan Robbins

Author:
Robbins, Jhan  Search this
Subject:
Truman, Harry S. 1884-1972 Family  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 194 p., [8] leaves of plates : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1980
C1980
Topic:
Presidents  Search this
Presidents' spouses  Search this
Call number:
E814 .R64 1980X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_131009

Dear Bess : the letters from Harry to Bess Truman, 1910-1959 / edited by Robert H. Ferrell

Author:
Truman, Harry S. 1884-1972  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Ferrell, Robert H  Search this
Subject:
Truman, Harry S. 1884-1972  Search this
Truman, Bess Wallace  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 593 p. ; ill. : 25 cm
Type:
Correspondence
Place:
United States
Date:
1983
C1983
Topic:
Presidents  Search this
Call number:
CT275.T859 A1d
CT275.T859A1d
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_164418

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