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Training aircraft used by Tuskegee Institute

Subject of:
Boeing Corporation, American, founded 1916  Search this
Tuskegee Airmen, 1941 - 1946  Search this
Maycie Herrington, American, 1918 - 2016  Search this
Paul Adams, American, 1920 - 2013  Search this
Charles E. McGee, American, 1919 - 2022  Search this
Nancy Leftenant-Colon, American, born 1920  Search this
Wilbur Mason, American, 1924 - 2016  Search this
Samuel Wesley Henderson, American, 1921 - 2016  Search this
Cyril O. Bryon, American, 1920 - 2015  Search this
George M. Boyd, American, 1926 - 2018  Search this
William J. Childs, American, 1923 - 2013  Search this
Alexander Jefferson, American, 1921 - 2022  Search this
Leroy Eley, American, 1927 - 2012  Search this
O. Oliver Goodall, American, 1922 - 2010  Search this
Charles A. Lane, American, 1925 - 2013  Search this
Thurston L. Gaines Jr., American, 1922 - 2016  Search this
Lee A. Archer Jr., American, 1919 - 2010  Search this
Earl Martin, American, 1924 - 2019  Search this
Franklin J. Macon, American, 1923 - 2020  Search this
Rusty Burns, American, 1925 - 2022  Search this
Asa D. Herring Jr., American, 1926 - 2022  Search this
James E. Randall, American, 1926 - 2019  Search this
William H. Holloman III, American, 1924 - 2010  Search this
Robert Holts, American, 1924 - 2021  Search this
Leonard Hall, American, 1926 - 2013  Search this
James Harvey, American, born 1923  Search this
Dr. Roscoe C. Brown, American, 1922 - 2016  Search this
Samuel C. Hunter Jr., American, 1919 - 2013  Search this
Leo R. Gray, American, 1924 - 2016  Search this
Quentin Smith, American, 1918 - 2013  Search this
Oscar C. Gadson Jr., American, 1919 - 2021  Search this
James C. Warren, American, 1923 - 2014  Search this
Robert Ashby, American, 1926 - 2021  Search this
Claude R. Platte Jr., American, 1921 - 2013  Search this
Milton Williams Jr., American, 1922 - 2017  Search this
Used by:
Tuskegee Institute, American, founded 1881  Search this
Medium:
steel, aluminum, copper alloy, wood, polyester, rubber, plastic
Dimensions:
H x W x D (2011.82.1): 114 × 386 × 300 in. (289.6 × 980.4 × 762 cm)
H x W x D (2011.82.2 baggage claim door): 21 1/2 × 30 3/4 × 2 3/4 in. (54.6 × 78.1 × 7 cm)
Type:
training aircraft
Date:
ca. 1944
Topic:
African American  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Military  Search this
Tuskegee Airmen  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.82.1-.2
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Transportation Vehicles
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5e994f4e9-bef9-41b4-86d9-a2b0ce43f9fc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.82.1-.2
Online Media:

Stewardess Training Outline

Title:
Training binder belonging to Delta Air Lines stewardess Casey Grant
Created by:
Delta Air Lines, American, founded 1925  Search this
Owned by:
Patricia Grace Murphy, American  Search this
Medium:
metal with ink on plastic
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 11 7/16 × 10 1/8 × 1 3/4 in. (29 × 25.7 × 4.5 cm)
Type:
ring binders
Place used:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
1971
Topic:
African American  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Business  Search this
Education  Search this
Labor  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Travel  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Casey Grant in honor of Patricia Banks Edmiston, Patricia Grace Murphy and Eugene Harmond
Object number:
2018.50.20
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown – Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Business and Legal Documents
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd50ee91039-57eb-47e4-88a6-b802cc679ae4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.50.20

Copy of the ruling in "Patricia Banks vs. Capital Airlines"

Published by:
State of New York, American, founded 1788  Search this
Subject of:
Patricia Banks Edmiston, American, born 1937  Search this
Capital Airlines, American, 1936 - 1961  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product) with metal
Dimensions:
H x W (each page): 14 × 8 9/16 in. (35.5 × 21.7 cm)
Type:
legal files
Place depicted:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
February 29, 1960
Topic:
African American  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Business  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Labor  Search this
Law  Search this
Race discrimination  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Travel  Search this
U.S. History, 1953-1961  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Casey Grant in honor of Patricia Banks Edmiston, Patricia Grace Murphy and Eugene Harmond
Object number:
2018.50.23a-d
Restrictions & Rights:
No known copyright restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Business and Legal Documents
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd56a1905ec-7eb7-480e-93cb-24befbdb5380
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.50.23a-d
Online Media:

Graduation portrait photograph of Delta Air Lines stewardess Casey Grant

Photograph by:
Delta Air Lines, American, founded 1925  Search this
Subject of:
Casey Grant, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (image): 9 15/16 × 7 5/8 in. (25.3 × 19.3 cm)
H x W (sheet): 10 1/8 × 8 1/16 in. (25.7 × 20.4 cm)
Type:
photographs
portraits
Place captured:
United States, North and Central America
Place used:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
February 1, 1971
Topic:
African American  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Education  Search this
Labor  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Travel  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Casey Grant in honor of Patricia Banks Edmiston, Patricia Grace Murphy and Eugene Harmond
Object number:
2018.50.24.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown – Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5918317e9-a3d5-42ac-a33f-2ea64fe68ad7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.50.24.1
Online Media:

Graduation portrait photograph of stewardess Patricia Grace Murphy

Photograph by:
Delta Air Lines, American, founded 1925  Search this
Subject of:
Patricia Grace Murphy, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 9 15/16 × 8 in. (25.2 × 20.3 cm)
Type:
portraits
inkjet prints
Place captured:
United States, North and Central America
Place used:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
1966; printed 2014
Topic:
African American  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Education  Search this
Labor  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Travel  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Casey Grant in honor of Patricia Banks Edmiston, Patricia Grace Murphy and Eugene Harmond
Object number:
2018.50.24.2
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown – Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5ce1562e4-9ce9-4d91-a622-5bc6676f0a81
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.50.24.2
Online Media:

Portrait photograph of stewardess Patricia Grace Murphy

Photograph by:
Delta Air Lines, American, founded 1925  Search this
Subject of:
Patricia Grace Murphy, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (image): 6 9/16 × 4 9/16 in. (16.6 × 11.6 cm)
H x W (sheet): 6 15/16 × 5 in. (17.7 × 12.7 cm)
Type:
black-and-white photographs
photographs
portraits
Place captured:
United States, North and Central America
Place used:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
August 1966
Topic:
African American  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Labor  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Travel  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Casey Grant in honor of Patricia Banks Edmiston, Patricia Grace Murphy and Eugene Harmond
Object number:
2018.50.24.3
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown – Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5de9dcf59-6849-490a-ba76-53a94883cceb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.50.24.3
Online Media:

Dale-Patterson Family collection

Creator:
Dale, Dianne  Search this
Polk, P. H., 1898-1985  Search this
Names:
Barry, Marion, 1936-2014  Search this
Dale, Almore M., 1911-1984  Search this
Dale, Dianne  Search this
Dale, John Henry, Jr., 1888-1973  Search this
Dale, Lucille Emma Patterson, 1889-1973  Search this
Dale, Marie Howard, 1914-2011  Search this
Dale, Norman Edward, 1908-1991  Search this
Garner, Araminta Dale, 1913-1987  Search this
Patterson, Frederick D. (Frederick Douglass), 1901-1988  Search this
Patterson, Wilhelmina Bessie, 1888-1962  Search this
Extent:
6 Linear feet (9 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Programs
Clippings
Correspondence
Ephemera
Postcards
Place:
Anacostia (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
1866 - 1990.
Summary:
The Dale-Patterson family papers, which date from 1866 to 2010 and measure 6 linear feet, document the personal and professional lives of the Dale-Patterson family who came to live in Hillsdale, Anacostia, area of Washington, D.C., in 1892.
Scope and Contents note:
The Dale-Patterson family papers, which date from 1866 to 1990 and measure 6 linear feet, document the personal and professional lives of the Dale-Patterson family who came to live in Hillsdale, Anacostia, area of Washington, D.C., in 1892. The collection is comprised of correspondence, photographs, clippings, and ephemera.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged in four series:

Series 1: Dale-Patterson Family papers Series 2: Charles Qualls papers Series 3: Community Organizations Series 4: Subject Files
Biographical/Historical note:
The Dale family came to Washington, DC in 1886 when John Henry Dale, Sr., a gifted self-taught man, obtained a position as clerk in the newly contracted Pension Bureau building at 5th and G Streets, NW. First they lived near 13th Street and Florida Avenue, NW, then moved to Howard Road in Anacostia. Dale built a house at 2619 Nichols Avenue, now Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue, drawing the plans and supervising the construction. The Dales and only one other family lived in this solidly built house for 100 years before it was sold to a church group and demolished.
General Note:
Finding Aid Note: This finding aid is associated with a MARC collection-level record.361883
Provenance:
The Dale-Patterson Family collection was donated to the Anacostia Community Museum on April 07, 2013.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
Rights:
The Dale-Patterson Family collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
African American families  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Programs
Clippings
Correspondence
Ephemera
Postcards
Citation:
Dale-Patterson Family collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Dianne Dale.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-074
See more items in:
Dale-Patterson Family collection
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa7c29572e9-2bd6-4b2a-8982-b527693b7885
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-074
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Online Media:

ZR-1 Shenandoah Christening Invitation

Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder, Printed invitation with hand-lettered name., 4.25 x 5.4 inches)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Invitations
Date:
October 10, 1923
Summary:
This single-item collection consists of an invitation to the christening of the US Navy airship ZR-1 USS Shenandoah at NAS Lakehurst, New Jersey, on October 10, 1923.
Scope and Contents:
This single-item collection consists of an invitation to the christening of the US Navy airship ZR-1 USS Shenandoah at Naval Air Station Lakehurst, New Jersey, on October 10, 1923: "The Secretary of the Navy requests the pleasure of the company of Mr. Benjamin Postman at the Christening of the U. S. S. Shenandoah on Wednesday afternoon, October the tenth at two o'clock at the United States Naval Air Station, Lakehurst, New Jersey."
Arrangement:
No arrangement.
Biographical / Historical:
Plans for the construction of the US Navy airship ZR-1 USS Shenandoah, the first rigid airship to be built in the United States, were begun in September 1919; her parts were manufactured at the Naval Aircraft Factory and then shipped to NAS Lakehurst for final assembly. The assembly began on February 11, 1922, and the Shenandoah was christened on October 10, 1923. Despite her relatively short life of two years, the Shenandoah achieved many firsts during her operational career. She was the first rigid airship to be inflated with helium; the first to use water recovery apparatus for the continuous recovery of ballast from the exhaust gas of fuel burned; and she completed the most extended operation accomplished by an airship up to that time, completing 57 flights, logging 740 hours in the air, and covering about 28,000 miles on flights designed to train crewmen in the science of handling large airships in naval missions. Sadly, the airship was to meet a tragic end. Before dawn on the morning of September 3, 1925, over eastern Ohio, the Shenandoah encountered a severe storm. She broke in two; the control car separated and fell to the ground while the forward section of the ship rose to a great height and remained in the air for the greater part of an hour before making a free balloon landing at Sharon, Ohio, with the bulk of the airship crashing near Ava, Ohio. Fourteen of the 43-person crew were killed.
Provenance:
Alan S. Postman, gift, 1988, NASM. 1988.0054.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airships  Search this
Naval aviation  Search this
ZR-1 Shenandoah  Search this
Genre/Form:
Invitations
Citation:
ZR-1 Shenandoah Christening Invitation, Acc. NASM.1988.0054, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1988.0054
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2806e3536-f695-4e57-bdad-8a77608408b6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1988-0054
Online Media:

Pearl Bowser Audiovisual Collection

Names:
Andrade-Watkins, Claire  Search this
Bambara, Toni Cade  Search this
Dash, Julie  Search this
Gerima, Haile  Search this
Greaves, William, 1953-2005  Search this
Gunn, Bill, 1934-1989  Search this
Jafa, Arthur  Search this
Jones, Robert Earl, 1904-2006  Search this
Massiah, Louis  Search this
Micheaux, Oscar, 1884-1951  Search this
Moses, Ethel  Search this
Robeson, Paul, 1898-1976  Search this
Sanchez, Sonia, 1934- (poet, reader)  Search this
Snead, James A., 1953-1989  Search this
Spence, Louise, 1945-  Search this
Tucker, Lorenzo  Search this
Donor:
Bowser, Pearl, 1931-  Search this
Extent:
approximately 100 Motion picture films
213 Sound cassettes (7 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion picture films
Sound cassettes
Sound cassette
Oral histories (document genres)
16mm motion picture film
Vhs (videotape format)
Place:
England
Harlem (New York, N.Y.)
Roanoke (Va.)
Memphis (Tenn.)
Date:
bulk 1920-2001
Biographical / Historical:
Pearl Bowser is a filmmaker, producer, author, lecturer, and highly acclaimed scholar of African American film who is recognized as an authority on the works of Oscar Micheaux, a noted writer, director, and producer of race films from 1919 to 1948.

Born Pearl Johnson on June 25, 1931, in Sugar Hill, Harlem, New York, she was named after her mother (also Pearl Johnson), a domestic worker who had been raised in a Catholic nunnery. On occasional Saturdays, the younger Pearl would accompany her mother to work in apartments in lower Manhattan, where she would assist her by folding handkerchiefs for a small allowance. After moving to a lower part of Harlem when she was about four years old, she met Harlem entrepreneur "Bumpy" Johnson, for whom she and other children in the neighborhood did odd jobs such as counting coins or attending to his ice-cream stand. Johnson, who would sometimes give the children joy rides in his Cadillac, occasionally allowed Pearl and the other children to borrow books from his extensive library, provided that they read them and submitted to a quiz.

As a child, Bowser had several racist encounters. For example, one of her white kindergarten teachers at her elementary school wore gloves in the classroom as to not touch Black pupils. She was also occasionally teased for having a gap between her teeth but felt insulated from sustained bullying because she had several older brothers who sometimes protected her. On a separate occasion, when she was about nine years old, her mother sent her on a trip from New York to the South to visit relatives. Although her mother had purchased tickets for her to be in a Pullman car, when she changed trains in Washington, DC., she was forced to ride in the car behind the engine, which left her covered in soot.

An avid reader, Pearl excelled in elementary and high school and received a scholarship to attend Brooklyn College, where she majored in biology. She supplemented her income by recording the numbers in one of Bumpy Johnson's shops. Disappointed with the quality of the education she was receiving, Bowser withdrew from Brooklyn College, eventually landing a job at CBS where she worked on a team that analyzed Nielsen ratings.

In 1955, Pearl married fellow New Yorker LeRoy Bowser. By the mid-1960s, although Pearl and LeRoy Bowser had separate interests, they both were working simultaneously in the civil rights movement. While LeRoy was active in Brooklyn CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) and went to the South in the summer to teach for what was the beginning of HeadStart, Pearl, along with other production activists, took to the streets documenting African American culture and issues—working to bring these films to schools. Additionally, Bowser wanted to write a cookbook to earn funds for Brooklyn's CORE organization. She was approached by David Davis, the editor of Tuesday Magazine. Tuesday had distribution in the Herald Tribune across the country as a Sunday supplement. As the urban-world magazine exploded in Black communities, "Joan" Bowser's two-page pictorials on Southern cooking with a set of recipes became very popular in the five years she wrote them. Bowser retained copyrights to the articles, and easily completed her cookbook a short time later.

Bowser's colleague at ABC, Charles Hobson, found a used book written by Peter Noble about Black films and Oscar Micheaux. The volume was slim and contained what little information contained in the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) files. Hobson and his colleagues wanted to write a book about the topic, and they assigned Bowser to begin the research. As part of the project, Bowser went to California to interview actors who may have been in early Black films or may have worked with Micheaux. What she learned began her intensive scholarship into Micheaux and his fellow filmmakers.

In 1971, she organized her first film festival, the Black Film History Series. In 1979, she organized the nation's first American women's film festival in New York City. She also presented a major retrospective, Independent Black American Cinema 1920-1980, which toured the country during 1981 and 1982. She also directed the Journey Across Three Continents film and lecture series, which toured the country from 1983-1985. Bowser also served as president of the prestigious Flaherty Film Seminar in 1987. In 1989, she, alongside Grant Munro, programmed the 35th Flaherty Film Seminar, which featured films such as Finzan, Zajota and the Boogie Spirit, Daughters of the Dust, and many more. She has also been a judge at the world-renown Pan-African Film and Television Festival of Ouagadougou (FESCPACO) in Burkina Faso (formerly known as Upper Volta).

In the 1980s Bowser was awarded an independent artists grant by the Ford Foundation to travel west and collect oral histories from individuals in Oscar Micheaux's orbit, loosely following the route he would have travelled decades earlier. Stopping in cities such as Roanoke, Virginia; Memphis, Tennessee; and Jackson, Mississippi, she collected dozens of oral histories from actors, actresses etc. that knew Oscar Micheaux. Through this research she became an eminent figure in the Black independent film industry. Working as a programmer, she travelled around the United States and the world showing films by domestic and Black filmmakers within the Diaspora.

Despite her wealth of experience working as a programmer, it wasn't until the 1990s that Bowser made her directorial debut with the documentary film Midnight Ramble. Funded by American Experience, the film looks at African Americans and Hollywood movies from 1910 through the 1950s. In 2000, she, along with Louise Spence, co-authored Writing Himself into History: Oscar Micheaux, His Silent Films and His Audiences, a book about the pioneering filmmaker. Additionally, she is founder and director of Chamba Educational Film Services, a film distribution company that specialized in distributing films by African American filmmakers. In the early 1980s, she renamed her company/collection as African Diaspora Images, a collection of historical and contemporary films documenting Black film history. She subsequently joined Third World Newsreel, where she was director of their theater department.

In 2012, Pearl Bowser donated her extensive collection of books, sound cassettes, films, film memorabilia, and papers to the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.

Sources:

1940 United States Federal Census; New York, New York, New York, population schedule, p. 61B, house number 1486, family 195, Pearl Bowser; Ancestry.com. 1940 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012 accessed: 10 Sept 2022); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm: m-t0627-02665

Bowser, Pearl. Pearl Bowser Oral History. Interview by Tuliza Fleming and Jennifer Lyon, July 21, 2011.
Provenance:
Acquired as a donation from Pearl Bowser in 2012.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Occupation:
Filmmakers  Search this
Actors -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Documentary films  Search this
Film festivals  Search this
African American actors  Search this
African American actresses  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Race films  Search this
African American motion picture producers and directors  Search this
African American women authors  Search this
Meetings  Search this
Conferences  Search this
Lectures and lecturing  Search this
Amateur films  Search this
Motion picture soundtracks  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Radio broadcasts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound cassette
Oral histories (document genres)
16mm motion picture film
VHS (videotape format)
Citation:
Pearl Bowser Collection, National Museum of African American History and Culture
Identifier:
NMAAHC.A2012.79.AV
See more items in:
Pearl Bowser Audiovisual Collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/io3209e9c6d-3045-4a0a-941e-6519385b18d5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmaahc-a2012-79-av

J. L. Rankin, Atlanta Union Station scrapbook

Collection Creator:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History  Search this
Container:
Box 49
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1899-1906
Scope and Contents:
Includes newspaper clippings about train robberies, train wrecks, and henry Bradley plant's death. Plant developed the Plant System of railways, Steamships and Hotels and was President of Southern Express Company.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Archives Center Scrapbook Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Archives Center Scrapbook Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep828d0eb28-b4cb-48d3-a43e-89965e6a5468
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0468-ref511

Second Effort

Collection Creator:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film (16mm color composite optical track print)
Container:
Reel AC0358-OF0009
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Scope and Contents:
Dartnell training film starring Vince Lombardi.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Only reference copies may be used.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction may be restricted due to copyright or trademark. Contact Archives Center staff for more information.
Collection Citation:
Archives Center Miscellaneous Film and Videotape Collection, 1930-1978, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Archives Center Miscellaneous Film and Videotape Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep83a6b02dc-7ded-42b1-a433-f1c83b450180
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0358-ref30

Dennis Barrie Interviews of Ohio Artists

Creator:
Barrie, Dennis  Search this
Names:
Archives of American Art  Search this
New Organization for the Visual Arts (Ohio)  Search this
Clague, John, 1928-  Search this
Nevadomi, Ken, 1939-  Search this
Parker, Patricia Zinsmeister, 1934-  Search this
Roby, George  Search this
Von Weise, Wenda, 1941-  Search this
Extent:
2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Video recordings
Interviews
Date:
circa 1984
Summary:
The Dennis Barrie interviews of Ohio artists measures 2.0 linear feet and date from circa 1984. Video recordings with five Ohio artists, originally titled the "Artists in Residence Series," were produced by the New Organization for the Visual Arts in conjunction with the Archives of American Art. Dennis Barrie, Midwest Director of the Archives of American Art, interviews painters Patricia Zinsmeister Parker and Ken Nevadomi, sculptor John Clague, fiber artist Wenda Von Weise, and ceramicist George Roby. Each discusses their background, training, lifestyle, and problems they've faced as artists. The videocassette recordings are dated 1984, but the interviews may have occurred in 1980.
Scope and Contents:
The Dennis Barrie interviews of Ohio artists measures 2.0 linear feet and date from circa 1984. Video recordings with five Ohio artists, originally titled the "Artists in Residence Series," were produced by the New Organization for the Visual Arts in conjunction with the Archives of American Art. Dennis Barrie, Midwest Director of the Archives of American Art, interviews painters Patricia Zinsmeister Parker and Ken Nevadomi, sculptor John Clague, fiber artist Wenda Von Weise, and ceramicist George Roby. Each discusses their background, training, lifestyle, and problems they've faced as artists. The videocassette recordings are dated 1984, but the interviews may have occurred in 1980.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Dennis Barrie was the Director for the Midwest Office of the Archives of American Art in the 1970s and 1980s.
Provenance:
A project of the New Organization of the Visual Arts and Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. The interviews were conducted by Dennis Barrie, Director of the Midwest Office of the Archives of American Art.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Ohio -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- Ohio -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- Ohio -- Interviews  Search this
Ceramicists -- Ohio -- Interviews  Search this
Fiber artists -- Ohio -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Dennis Barrie interviews with Ohio artists, circa 1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.barrdenn
See more items in:
Dennis Barrie Interviews of Ohio Artists
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw939eaf39b-f37e-48e3-abd7-c959f3123c64
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-barrdenn

Michigan Central Famous Train / "The Wolverine". By Moore, Bond & Co., 108 Franklin Street, Chicago. Tinted.

Collection Creator:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Item 54
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Probably public domain, copyrights expired. Fees for commercial reproduction.
Collection Citation:
Archives Center Lantern Slide Collection, ca. 1890-1920, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Archives Center Lantern Slide Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8465b90b0-04dc-463e-8743-dfdf72596b2c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0686-ref563

Electric Suburban Train . Tinted.

Collection Creator:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Item 30
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Probably public domain, copyrights expired. Fees for commercial reproduction.
Collection Citation:
Archives Center Lantern Slide Collection, ca. 1890-1920, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Archives Center Lantern Slide Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep898c9505f-27f2-44cd-b841-080c8c8a34da
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0686-ref601

G. Gage Skinner collection

Photographer:
Skinner, G. Gage  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Linear feet
265 Slides (photographs)
1 Sound cassette
Culture:
Ika (Ica/Arhuaco)  Search this
Kogi (Kagaba)  Search this
Mapuche  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Sound cassettes
Audiocassettes
Place:
Santa Marta Range (Colombia)
Chile
Colombia
Date:
1964-1966
1972
Summary:
This collection consists of 265 photographic slides and 1 audio cassette recording made by former Peace Corps volunteer G. Gage Skinner while living and traveling in Chile and Colombia in the 1960s-1970s. Images include portraits, landscapes, ceremonies, and daily village life. Audio recording includes songs, chants, and musical instruments.
Scope and Contents:
The G. Gage Skinner collection consists of 265 photographic slides and 1 audio cassette recording made by former Peace Corps volunteer G. Gage Skinner while living and traveling in Chile and Colombia in the 1960s-1970s. Series 1: Chile, 1964-1966, includes images of individual portraits, landscapes, ceremonies, and daily village life of the Mapuche peoples of what is now the Araucanía Region of Chile. Also part of Series 1 is an audio recording of songs, chants, and musical instruments from a 1965 Nguillatún fertility ceremony near Lumaco, Chile. Series 2: Colombia, 1972, includes images of landscapes and daily village life of the Ika (Ica/Arhuaco) and Kogi (Kagaba) peoples of the area near Donachui in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range of Colombia. Images include a particular focus on Ika (Ica/Arhuaco) dwellings and architecture, weaving, trade goods, and agriculture.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in two series. Series 1: Chile, 1964-1966 and Series 2: Colombia, 1972.
Biographical / Historical:
G. Gage Skinner is a former Peace Corps volunteer, having served in Chile, 1964-1966, and later in Colombia, 1969-1972. A student of cultural anthropology and a graduate of San Diego State University, Skinner has taught at the college level, and has published on a wide range of topics, including beekeeping, the fur trade, and the history of the American West.
Related Materials:
The Peace Corps Community Archives at American University in Washington, DC maintains a collection of manuscript materials donated by G. Gage Skinner documenting his Peace Corps service in Chile and Colombia. These materials include diaries, biographical information, training materials, and publications. In addition to material culture objects in the NMAI Object Collections donated by Skinner, there are also a large number of objects documenting Mapuche culture which he donated to the San Diego Museum of Man's ethnographic collections.
Separated Materials:
G. Gage Skinner also donated a number of material culture objects to the NMAI Object Collections, documenting the Mapuche, Ika (Ica/Arhuaco), and Kamsá (Sebondoy) peoples of Chile and Colombia. The object numbers are 27/0087 - 27/0089 and 27/0102 - 27/0108.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by G. Gage Skinner in 2017 and 2018.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Peace Corps (U.S.)  Search this
Indians of South America -- Chile  Search this
Indians of South America -- Colombia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Audiocassettes
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); G. Gage Skinner collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.116
See more items in:
G. Gage Skinner collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv47fd8ff0c-b133-438a-9a96-0bf38fd0b978
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-116
Online Media:

Film Studies of Traditional Tibetan Life and Culture: Hunsur, South India

Collection Creator:
National Anthropological Film Center (U.S.)  Search this
Maradol, Mathias  Search this
Collection Cinematographer:
Dorjee, Ragpa  Search this
Collection Filmmaker:
Maloney, M. Michael  Search this
Extent:
Film reels (color sound; 25,200 feet, 16mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
1982
Scope and Contents:
Full film record created for the National Anthropological Film Center, Smithsonian Institution. Research film project includes ceremonies, daily life activities, and tantric training filmed at the Tibetan Buddhist monasteries of Zonkar Choede and Gyumed in Hunsur, India.
Local Number:
HSFA 1986.13.12
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
National Anthropological Film Center films of Tibetan Buddhists in South India, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
National Anthropological Film Center films of Tibetan Buddhists in South India
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc9a5cf510c-a1d0-45cd-9ba8-dde3268204a0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-1986-13sind-ref6

Btsunchun

Collection Creator:
National Anthropological Film Center (U.S.)  Search this
Maradol, Mathias  Search this
Collection Cinematographer:
Dorjee, Ragpa  Search this
Collection Filmmaker:
Maloney, M. Michael  Search this
Extent:
1 Film reel (color sound; 400 feet, 16mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
1981
Scope and Contents:
Edited film was shot in Mundgod, India. The film documents young Buddhist students from Gaden Monastery studying, practicing dialectics, playing, and resting during their visit to Drepung Monastery, where they have gone to join the Molam Festival. The students are also shown practicing movement training at their own monastery. Film was made from the film project: Film Studies of Traditional Tibetan Life and Culture: Mundgod, South India, 1979.

Legacy Keywords: Language and culture ; Ritual monasteries India ; Play as religious training India ; Festivals Molan India
Local Number:
HSFA 1986.13.14
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
National Anthropological Film Center films of Tibetan Buddhists in South India, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
National Anthropological Film Center films of Tibetan Buddhists in South India
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc90b3c312c-c8db-48dd-9127-26ea60bf4c39
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-1986-13sind-ref8

The Campbell Soup Advertising Collection

Interviewee:
Murphy, W.B.  Search this
Norris, Alice  Search this
Norris, E. E.  Search this
Prior, Joseph  Search this
Meehan, Vincenta  Search this
Mercer, Richard  Search this
Meyers, Peter H.  Search this
Mulcahy, Paul  Search this
Welsh, Dick  Search this
White, Richard  Search this
Rindlaub, Jean  Search this
Rombach, Scott  Search this
Shaub, Harold  Search this
Weir, Chris  Search this
Coulson, Zoe  Search this
Gearon, Dan  Search this
Cronin, Betty  Search this
Conill, Alicia  Search this
Conlon, Robert  Search this
Conill, Rafael  Search this
Jordan, James  Search this
McNutt, James  Search this
McGovern, R. Gordon  Search this
Goerke, Donald E.  Search this
Holmes, Martha  Search this
Haber, Bernie  Search this
Jones, Caroline Robinson, 1942-2001 (advertising executive)  Search this
Adams, Anthony  Search this
Baum, Herbert M.  Search this
Bergin, John F.  Search this
Bair, Dean  Search this
Interviewer:
Griffith, Barbara S., Dr.  Search this
Creator:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History  Search this
Campbell Soup Company  Search this
Names:
Batten, Barton, Durstine & Osborn, Inc  Search this
Connill Advertising  Search this
Extent:
12 Cubic feet (25 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Audiotapes
Interviews
Commercials
Ephemera
Videotapes
Oral history
Tear sheets
Date:
1904-2015
bulk 1904-1989
Summary:
This collection is the result of a year-long study of Campbell's "Red and White" Soups advertising and marketing, supported in part by a grant from the Campbell Soup Company. Thirty-one oral history interviews were conducted by Dr. Barbara Griffith for the project, and a variety of related materials were gathered by the Center for Advertising History staff. The objective of the project was to create a collection that provides documentation, in print and media, of the history and development of advertising for Campbell's Red and White Soups in the decades following World War II.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is the result of a year-long study of Campbell's "Red and White" Soups advertising and marketing campaigns. Oral histories conducted by Smithsonian Institution staff with individuals involved with the Campbell's Soup Corporation and its advertising campaigns form the core of the collection. Also included are clippings and background research files, abstracts of the oral history interviews, television and radio commercials, company publications, and promotional items and packaging.

A 2015 addition to the collection was born digital and consists of materials from the groundbreaking "Real Life Campaign" which featured inter-racial couples as well as a gay couple. These materials include storyboards, scripts, consumer feedback both postive and negative, focus group material, labels, commercials, supporting documentation on the development and implementation of the campaign. These materials are available in the Smithsonian Institution DIgital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Arrangement:
Collection is organized into nine series.

Series 1, Research Files, 1939-1989

Series 2, Interviewee Files, 1989-1990

Series 3, Oral Histories, 1989-1990

Series 4, Television Commercials, 1957-1990

Series 5, Radio Commercials, 1966-1975

Series 6, Print Advertisements, 1905-1989

Series 7, Promotional Items and Packaging, 1968-1991

Series 8, Company Publications, 1983-1988

Series 9, Real Life Campaign, 2015
Biographical / Historical:
The Campbell Soup Company's "Red and White" advertising campaigns are remarkable not only for their longevity, but for the consistency of the advertising message. Since 1898, when the red and white label was incorporated, the packaging and the message have changed only marginally. When Andy Warhol painted his pop art Campbell Soup cans in the early 1960s, he presented an immediately recognizable image with which all of America could identify.

Campbell's condensed soups, first marketed in 1897, have become a staple of the 20th century American household. The Joseph Campbell Preserve Company, a canning concern which grew out of an 1869 business partnership between a fruit merchant and an ice box manufacturer, was well established by the time Arthur Dorrance succeeded Joseph Campbell as president. When Dorrance's nephew, John T. Dorrance, a chemical engineer and organic chemist trained at MIT, developed a process for making condensed soup, the company was faced with the task of successfully marketing the revolutionary new convenience food. The soup won a gold medallion for excellence at the 1900 Paris Exposition, and the company incorporated the image on its labels and in its advertising.

In the developing consumer culture which began to grow during and after the industrial revolution, women were identified as the primary consumers of household goods and services. Homemakers have been the target of Campbell' s Red & White advertising since its inception, and this focus is reflected both in the content and the placement of the advertising. The identification of a predominately female consumer market was also influential in the creation of a widely recognized and long-lived symbol, the Campbell Kids, created in 1904 by Grace Gebbie Drayton. The Kids were meant to convey a sense of wholesomeness and physical well-being associated with eating Campbell Soups.

The advertising of the early teens and twenties most often consisted of black and white or two-color depictions of the can and the product, often accompanied by images of the rosy-cheeked Kids. A large portion of the ad was devoted to narrative description of the soups' healthful properties, suggesting that"Campbell Soups Give Vigor and Strength", "I Couldn't Keep House Without Campbell's Tomato Soup", and "If Every Woman Realized How Much Her Husband Likes Soup - She Would Serve It Everyday".

The advertising of the 1930s tended towards idealized illustrations of women and children; the Kids were less visible during the 1930s and 1940s, deemed too "chucklesome" for the Depression years, and too old-fashioned during World War II. Ad copy continued its appeal to women's sense of responsibility for the well-being of husbands and children, with slogans suggesting "It Takes a Bright and Sparkling Flavor to Attract Children", "When a Man Says It's Good, It's Good", and "Wouldn 't I Be Silly to make It Myself?"

Campbell broadened the scope of its advertising by sponsoring radio programming, beginning in 1931 with the "Hollywood Hotel" program on CBS. Later radio sponsorships included the George Burns and Gracie Allen show, "Campbell Playhouse", "Amos and Andy", the "Jack Carson Show", "Hildegarde", and "Edward R. Murrow with the News", among others . The jingle "M'm M'm Good" was first aired during the radio broadcasts of this period, and was reinforced in the print advertising. Beginning in 1950, Campbell began to sponsor television shows, continuing its focus on women and children as primary purchasers and consumers of suop. Most notable among these sponsorships were "The Donna Reed Show" and "Lassie" . Print ads of the 1950s featuring Johnny Carson, Donna Reed, and the cast of the Lassie Show helped to reinforce the Company's sponsorship of these popular shows.

In 1954, Campbell moved its $10 million dollar condensed soup account from Ward Wheelock Company, the Philadelphia firm which had handled the account since 1910, to Batten, Barton, Durstine & Osborn (BBDO) of New York. By 1966, BBDO account executives urged "selective but not major" use of the Kids and the slogan "M'm M'm Good", choosing instead to employ advertising that stressed health claims and fitness issues rather than the wholesome, comforting associations of hot soup. The Kids became more athletic and less rotund.

Reflecting changes in American social and family structures Campbell' s advertising, began to depict the working wife and the busy schedules of a family "on the go". A 1960 ad declares "Good Things Begin to Happen When Working Girls Have Soup and Crackers" or "Somethings Happened to Supper". In light of the women 's movement, which was gaining momentum during this period, Campbell advertising remained decidedly traditional. In the 1970s, "Give Me the Campbell Life" recognized women 's expanded roles as working mothers, but "They Always Eat Better When You Remember the Soup" and "Get Your Campbells Worth" reveal a more conservative pitch to homemakers responsibilities. Other societal changes are suggested in the advertising, for instance, the "Soup is Good Food" and "Health Insurance" campaigns of the 1980s reflected a new emphasis on health and fitness.

In 1981 the company transferred the soup account to another New York firm, Backer Spielvogel and Bates . The 1980s saw a renewed emphasis on network primetime, strategic radio advertising (where ads for hot soup are tagged to reports of rain or snow, or are aired just before the noon lunch hour), and regional marketing of specialized products or packaging designed to appeal to local tastes and changing nutritional standards. These new products have engendered some changes in Campbell' s time-honored red and white label to emphasize the "new and improved" characteristics of the products

In 2015, Campbells developed the "Real Life" campaign. This campaign was groundbreaking in many ways. The commercials portrayed not only inter-racial couples but also a gay couple, two fathers and their son. This campaign had a product tie in with the 2015 release of the new installment in the motion picture franchise, Star Wars. The campaign received commentary from the public both pro and con. Campbells continued the campaign without revising or pulling any of its commercials. While running in selected markets, the campaign made nationwide headlines and pointed up the continuing change in the make-up of the American family.
Provenance:
Paul N. Mulcahy, V.P. Marketing Services, Campbell Soup Company,1990. Made for the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution by the Center for Advertising History, 1989-1990.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Broadcast advertising  Search this
advertising -- Food  Search this
Soups -- advertising  Search this
Advertising agencies  Search this
Advertising departments  Search this
Advertising campaigns  Search this
Sex role in advertising  Search this
Radio advertising  Search this
Women in advertising  Search this
Television advertising  Search this
Art directors  Search this
Advertising executives  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Audiotapes -- 1980-1990
Interviews -- 1980-1990
Commercials
Ephemera -- 20th century
Videotapes
Oral history
Tear sheets
Citation:
Campbell Soup Advertising Oral History and Documentation Project, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0367
See more items in:
The Campbell Soup Advertising Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8b769193b-0861-4b41-89d1-8b6c8328534b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0367
Online Media:

"Train the Trainer", seminar packet

Series Collector:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History  Search this
Series Donor:
Becker, John M.  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Heritage of Pride (HOP)  Search this
Rohrbaugh, Richard  Search this
Series Creator:
Hirsch, Leonard  Search this
Guest, Barbara  Search this
Barna, Joseph T.  Search this
Guest, Michael E.  Search this
Cruse, Howard, 1944-2019  Search this
Container:
Box 115, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
2001
Series Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection / Series 20: Pride at Work
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep808fd4997-ab65-4832-9d53-0c1e75aa02cc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1146-ref1575

"LGBT Labor Leadership Training"

Series Collector:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History  Search this
Series Donor:
Becker, John M.  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Heritage of Pride (HOP)  Search this
Rohrbaugh, Richard  Search this
Series Creator:
Hirsch, Leonard  Search this
Guest, Barbara  Search this
Barna, Joseph T.  Search this
Guest, Michael E.  Search this
Cruse, Howard, 1944-2019  Search this
Container:
Box 115, Folder 15
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
2014
Series Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection / Series 20: Pride at Work
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep821e36b4b-4ed4-455d-b856-d5efcdb9f5bd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1146-ref1585

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