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Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the World's Fair

Collector:
Orth, Edward J.  Search this
Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization  Search this
Names:
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Extent:
130 Cubic feet (417 boxes, 25 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Souvenirs
Photographs
Pamphlets
Guidebooks
Exhibition posters--1930-1940
Diaries
Ephemera
Film transparencies
Motion picture film
Posters
Place:
Flushing Meadows Park (New York, N.Y.)
New York (N.Y.)
Date:
1835-2000, undated
Summary:
Collection documents the 1939 New York World's Fair in Flushing Meadows, New York. Also includes material relating to other fairs, the Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization (ECHO), New York City tourism and The Walt Disney Company.
Scope and Contents:
Collection primarily documents the conception, planning, construction, management, and operations of the 1939 New York World's Fair located in Flushing Meadows, New York. Materials provide historical context and cultural significance as recorded in publications, artwork, photographs, ephemera, postcards, maps, plans, exhibitor's literature, souvenirs, and motion picture film. Most of the materials were primarily created for people who attended the fair. Some of the materials include scrapbooks created by fair visitors to document their experiences. There is a significant amount of material relating to other fairs, New York tourism, the Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization (ECHO) and the World's Fair Collector's Society. Other forms of entertainment such as festivals, the Olympic games, and Disney World are also found among these materials. There is little information relating to Edward Orth's personal and professional life as a city planner. The collection is arranged into eleven series.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into eleven series.

Series 1, Edward J. Orth Personal Papers, 1915-1989, undated

Subseries 1.1, Correspondence, 1939-1989

Subseries 1.2, Other Materials, 1915-1989, undated

Series 2, Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization (ECHO) and World's Fair Collector's Society, Incorporated Records, 1942-1990, undated

Subseries 2.1, General Information, 1960-1988, undated

Subseries 2.2, Correspondence, 1942-1990, undated

Subseries 2.3, Classified and Wanted Advertisements, 1956-1988, undated

Subseries 2.4, Financial Records, 1976-1989

Subseries 2.5, Newsletters, 1969-1988, undated

Subseries 2.6, Membership Materials, 1970s-1989, undated

Series 3, New York World's Fair, Incorporated Records, 1900-1988, undated

Subseries 3.1, Administrative Files, 1900-1977, undated

Subseries 3.2, Amusement Zone, 1937-1940, undated

Subseries 3.3, Communications and Business Systems Zone, 1939-1965, undated

Subseries 3.4, Community Interest Zone, 1939-1949, undated

Subseries 3.5, Food Zone, 1939-1975

Subseries 3.6, Government Zone, 1939-1940

Subseries 3.7, Production and Distribution Zone, 1939-1940

Subseries 3.8, Transportation Zone, 1939-1940

Subseries 3.9, Ephemera, 1938-1988, undated

Series 4, Photographic Materials, 1939-1968, undated

Subseries 4.1, General, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.2, Amusement Area, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.3, Business Systems Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.4, Communications Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.5, Community Interest Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.6, Food Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.7, Government Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.8, Production and Distribution Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.9, Transportation Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.10, Miscellaneous, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.11, Oversize Photographs, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.12, Color Slides, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.13, Color Transparencies, 1940-1942, undated

Subseries 4.14, Edward Orth, 1967-1968

Series 5, Scrapbooks, 1938-1981

Series 6, Postcards, 1906-1985, undated

Subseries 6.1, Amusement Area, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.2, Business Systems Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.3, Communications Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.4, Community Interest Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.5, Food Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.6, Government Zone, International, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.7, Government Zone, Federal and States, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.8, Production and Distribution Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.9, Transportation Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.10, General, 1940, undated

Subseries 6.11, By Type, 1906-1985, undated

Series 7, Publications Related to World's Fairs, 1922-1989, undated

Subseries 7.1, Magazines, 1922-1988, undated

Subseries 7.2, Newspaper Articles, 1935-1989, undated

Subseries 7.3, Other Publications, 1937-1989, undated

Subseries 7.4, Other Subjects, 1962-1989

Series 8, Materials Relating to Other Fairs, 1851-2000, undated

Subseries 8.1, Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations or Crystal Palace Exhibition, 1851

Subseries 8.2, Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations, 1853-1853

Subseries 8.3, International Exhibition of Arts, Manufactures, and Products of the Soil and Mine or Centennial International Exhibition, 1876

Subseries 8.4, World's Columbian Exposition or Chicago World's Fair, 1893

Subseries 8.5, Exposition Internationale D'Anvers, Antwerp, Belgium

Subseries 8.6, Tennessee Centennial and International Exposition, 1897

Subseries 8.7, Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, 1898

Subseries 8.8, Expositions, 1901

Subseries 8.9, Louisiana Purchase Exposition, 1906

Subseries 8.10, Jamestown Tercentennial Exposition, 1907

Subseries 8.11, Alaska, Yukon, Pacific Exposition, 1909

Subseries 8.12, Panama-California Exposition, 1915-1916

Subseries 8.13, Bronx International Exposition of Science, Arts, and Industries, 1918

Subseries 8.14, Sesquicentennial Exposition, 1926

Subseries 8.15, Barcelona International Exposition, 1929

Subseries 8.16, L'Exposition Coloniale, Paris, 1931

Subseries 8.17, Olympics, 1932

Subseries 8.18, A Century of Progress International Exposition, 1933

Subseries 8.19, Expositions, 1933-1935

Subseries 8.20, Expositions, 1936-1937

Subseries 8.21, Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne, 1937

Subseries 8.22, Golden Gate International Exposition, 1939

Subseries 8.23, Festival of Britain, Britain, London, United Kingdom, 1951

Subseries 8.24, Milan Fair, 1955

Subseries 8.25, Exposition Universelle et venti Internationale de Bruxelles, 1958

Subseries 8.26, American National Exhibition, 1959

Subseries 8.27, New York's World Fair, 1961-1977, undated

Subseries 8.28, Century 21 Exhibition, 1961-1962

Subseries 8.29, International and Universal Exposition or Expo 67, 1967

Subseries 8.30, Long Beach, California, 1967-1968

Subseries 8.31, HemisFair 68, 1968

Subseries 8.32, Expo 70 or Japan World Exposition, 1970

Subseries 8.33, Expo 74 or International Exposition on the Environment

Subseries 8.34, Expo 75 or International Ocean Exposition, 1975

Subseries 8.35, American Revolution Bicentennial, 1776-1976, 1976

Subseries 8.36, Queen's Bicentennial Festival, 1975-1976

Subseries 8.37, Plovdiv International Exhibition of 1981 or Expo 81

Subseries 8.38, Kobe Port Island Exposition or Portopia 81, 1981

Subseries 8.39, Knoxville International Energy Exposition or 1982 World's Fair, 1982

Subseries 8.40, Louisiana World Exposition, 1984

Subseries 8.41, Games of the XXIII Olympiad, 1984

Subseries 8.42, The International Exposition, Tsukuba, Japan or The International Science Technology Exposition, 1985

Subseries 8.43, Queen's Festival, 1985

Subseries 8.44, 1986 World Exposition on Transportation and Communication or Expo 86, 1986

Subseries 8.45, World Expo 88, 1988

Subseries 8.46, Universal Exposition of Seville or Expo 92, 1992

Subseries 8.47, Expo 2000, 2000

Subseries 8.48, Other Events and Celebrations, 1886-1989

Subseries 8.49, Combined Fairs, 1968-1994

Subseries 8.50, General information about world's fairs, 1964-1980

Series 9, Ephemera, 1892-1989, undated

Subseries 9.1, New York and New York World's Fair, 1892-1989, undated

Subseries 9.2, Other States and Countries, 1835, 1939, undated

Subseries 9.3, Motion Picture Film and Entertainment, 1937-1981, undated

Series 10, Audio Visual Materials, 1939, 1964-1965, undated

Subseries 10.1, Moving Images, 1939, 1964-1965, undated

Subseries 10.2, Sound Recordings, undated

Series 11, Oversize, 1835-1992, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Biographical / Historical

Edward Joseph Orth grew up with a strong interest in history, particularly the history of the 1939 New York World's Fair. Orth's visit to the fair as a twelve-year-old boy led to a life-long passion of collecting. At the time of his death, he had amassed enough materials to fill two homes in California. Orth also collected materials from several other fairs. In addition, he saved some of the records of the Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization (ECHO) and the World's Fair Collector's Society.

Orth was born April 19, 1927, to Andrew Joseph Orth and Florence Minnie Gordon Orth in Glendale, New York. In the 1930s, the Orth family lived in several locations in New York including Ridgewood, Brooklyn, Glendale, and Queens. The home that made the most impact in young Orth's life came in 1935 when the family moved to St. Albans, Queens seven miles from Flushing Meadow Park, the future site of the 1939 fair. Sadly in 1939 there were several deaths in the family including three grandparents. The severe loss of life limited family social activities but a drive by the future site of the fair provided Orth a glimpse of the Trylon and Perisphere. He would later remark that the sight appeared to be magic. In the summer of 1939, he went to the fair with his classmates from Public School 136. The next summer Orth and his father purchased a 10-admission ticket from an elementary school in Hollis, Queens, New York. He saved every souvenir and any information he could find about the fair. He filled scrapbooks with images from newspapers and postcards from the Curt Teich and Manhattan Postcard companies. When his family moved from an apartment to a house, he acquired a fair bench which was kept in the backyard.

In 1941, Orth attended Newton High School in Elmhurst, and Queens, New York. The high school offered a college preparatory program with heavy emphasis on mathematics, science, mechanical drawing, and workshop courses. Orth's education and training combined with the knowledge he gained from motion picture films viewed at the fair, including Thomas Edison's "The City of Light," Ford Motor Company's "Road of Tomorrow," "Democracy," and General Motors' "Futurama" provided the foundation and inspiration for a career in architecture and landscaping. He ultimately became a city planner for the state of California. By 1943, Orth was exploring used magazine and bookstores in New York City to acquire more fair materials before enlisting in the United States Army in 1945. Upon his discharge he resumed buying and trading fair postcards. From 1948-1953, Orth attended the University of California and the University of Connecticut where he studied architecture and landscape design. During these years he posted advertisements in various publications in his continued pursue for fair materials.

In March 1953, Mr. Orth moved to Los Angeles, California. There he formed lasting friendships with other collectors. By 1967, Orth and several of his closest friends including Peter Warner, Oscar Hengstler, David Oats, Larry Zim, and Ernest Weidhaas conceived the idea of a fair collector's organization. By the summer of 1968, the group had formally created the Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization (ECHO).

As time passed Orth became increasing concerned about the welfare of his collection. He wanted it to go to a museum rather than be sold in parts. In his will he stipulated that the collection would be given to the Smithsonian Institution upon his death. Jon Zackman, former Smithsonian employee, interviewed Orth's brother George and fair collector Peter Warner. Orth and Warner corresponded and traded objects over many years. Mr. Orth primarily covered the west coast area while Peter Warner was his east coast counterpart. Edward Orth died on September 6,1989 in Los Angeles, California at the age of sixty-two.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

New York World's Fair Collection, NMAH.AC.0134

Landor Design Collection, NMAH.AC.0500

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subject Category, World Expos, NMAH.AC.0060

Larry Zim World's Fair Collection, NMAH.AC.0519

Alice R. Hillis World's Fair Film, NMAH.AC.0531

Borden Company 1939 New York World's Fair Collection, NMAH.AC.1063

Memories of the New York World's Fair, NMAH.AC.0592

Archives Center World Expositions Collection, NMAH.AC.0825

Daniel H. Meyerson World's Fair Collection, NMAH.AC.0745

Division of Community Life World's Fairs Collection, NMAH.AC.1132

Princeton University Posters Collection, NMAH.AC.0433

Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Incorporated Records, NMAH.AC.0395

Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project, NMAH.AC.0417

Messmore and Damon Company Records, NMAH.AC.0846

Thomas Norrell Railroad Collection, NMAH.AC.1174

William L. Bird Holidays on Display Collection, NMAH.AC.1288

Wurlitzer Company Records, NMAH.AC.0469

Victor A. Blenkle Postcard Collection, NMAH.AC.0200

Materials at Other Organizations

New York Public Library The New York World's Fair 1939 and 1940 Incorporated Records, 1935-1945, MssCol 2233.

New York City 1939 World's Fair architectural drawings, circa 1935. Museum of the City of New York. Museum of the City of New York.

New York City 1939 World's Fair Collection, 1939-1940. Museum of the City of New York. New York World's Fair 1939/40 Collection. Queens Museum.

1939 New York World's Fair Postcards, Identifier: 1972-320, Audiovisual Collections Repository, Hagley Museum & Library
Separated Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

Artifacts from the collection include several thousand souvenirs and examples of memorabilia commemorating the fair to include buttons and badges, ceramics, glassware, clothing, costume jewelry, coins and medals, commemorative spoons and flatware, toys and games, and philatelic material which are all part of the Division of Home and Community Life's holdings (now Division of Cultural and Community Life).
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow. Viewing film portion of collection requires special appointment, please inquire. Do not use when original materials are available on reference video or audio tapes. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Exhibitions -- 1930-1940 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World's fairs  Search this
Amusement parks--History  Search this
Amusement parks--New York (State)--History  Search this
Architecture--Exhibitions  Search this
Architecture--New York (State)--New York  Search this
Architecture--United States--Designs and plans  Search this
Burlesque shows--New York (State)--New York--1930-1940  Search this
Business history Business enterprises--United States--History  Search this
Chicago's Century of Progress  Search this
Construction and civil engineering  Search this
Construction industry--United States--Management--History  Search this
Corporate culture--History  Search this
Corporate culture--United States  Search this
Engineering--History--20th century  Search this
Exhibition buildings – New York (State) – New York  Search this
Exhibition buildings--1920-1940  Search this
Exhibitions -- Design  Search this
Exhibitions -- 1930-1940 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Fairs -- New York (State) -- New York -- History  Search this
Fashion--History--20th century  Search this
Flushing Meadows-Corona Park (New York, N.Y.)--History  Search this
Food in popular culture--New York (State)--New York  Search this
Graphic arts--United States--History--20th century  Search this
International exhibitions  Search this
International Exhibitions Bureau  Search this
Lighting, Architectural and decorative--History--20th century  Search this
Technology -- United States -- History -- 20th century  Search this
Transportation--New York Metropolitan Area--Planning  Search this
Transportation--New York (State)  Search this
United States --Foreign relations --1933-1945  Search this
Urban parks--United States--History  Search this
Urban design  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Economic aspects -- United States  Search this
Consumerism  Search this
Consumers--History--20th century  Search this
General Motors Corporation  Search this
Grand Central Parkway extension  Search this
Organizational behavior--United States--History  Search this
Public relations--History  Search this
New York World's Fair Commission  Search this
Queens (New York, N.Y.) Buildings, structures, etc.  Search this
Genre/Form:
Souvenirs -- 1930-1940
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1930-1940
Pamphlets -- 1930-1940
Guidebooks -- 1930-1940
Exhibition posters--1930-1940
Diaries
Ephemera -- 20th century
Film transparencies
Motion picture film
Posters -- 1930-1940
Citation:
Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the New York World's Fair, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0560
See more items in:
Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the World's Fair
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0560
Online Media:

Hickory nut doll made by formerly enslaved man, Obadiah Beverly

Created by:
Obadiah Beverly, American  Search this
Medium:
hickory nut with wood, cloth, lace and thread
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 6 1/2 × 6 × 2 in. (16.5 × 15.2 × 5.1 cm)
Type:
dolls
Place made:
Saltville, Smyth County, Virginia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1876
Topic:
African American  Search this
Children  Search this
Emancipation  Search this
Families  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of P. Douglas Groseclose in memory of Virginia Dare Vawter Groseclose
Object number:
2016.57
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Toys and Games
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5d9b57b0f-59ce-4c5d-895f-8178d28f4b0a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.57
Online Media:

Sidewall

Medium:
Machine printed on paper
Dimensions:
73 x 50.5 cm (28 3/4 x 19 7/8 in.)
Type:
Wallcoverings
Sidewall
Made in:
France
Date:
1880–1900
Credit Line:
Gift of Martin Battersby
Accession Number:
1952-147-2
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Wallcoverings Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq460b33ee1-f0e7-441d-a185-3a5dce98441c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1952-147-2
Online Media:

Virgin Islands Fieldwork: Games, Toys, Crafts and Masks

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Virgin Islands Program 1990 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Jackson, Myron P. (field worker)  Search this
Artist:
Harrigan, Kenneth O.  Search this
Performer:
Harrigan, Kenneth O.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Virgin Islands  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound cassettes
Place:
Virgin Islands of the United States
Saint Thomas (V.I.)
Date:
1990 January 31
Local Numbers:
FP-1990-CT-0467
General:
Mr. Harrigan discusses growing up in St. Thomas, his family, his involvement in music and in crafts, his college experiences in the United States and Puerto Rico and his knowledge of toys and games, masquerading and costume making.
23 of 32
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Saint Thomas (V.I.), Virgin Islands of the United States, January 31, 1990.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
Oral history  Search this
Kites  Search this
Costumes  Search this
Toys  Search this
Crafts & decorating  Search this
Masks  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1990 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1990, Item FP-1990-CT-0467
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1990 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1990 Festival of American Folklife / Series 4: U.S. Virgin Islands / Fieldwork
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1990-ref1150

Black and tan chessboard used by Herman Wallace while incarcerated

Manufactured by:
Unidentified  Search this
Owned by:
Herman Wallace, American, 1941 - 2013  Search this
Subject of:
Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola, American, founded 1835  Search this
Medium:
ink on cardboard
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 13 3/8 × 13 3/8 × 1/4 in. (34 × 34 × 0.7 cm)
Type:
checkerboards
Place used:
Angola, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1994
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Men  Search this
Mental health  Search this
Prisons  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Maria Hinds
Object number:
A2018.36.1.12.1
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Herman Wallace Archival Collection
Classification:
Toys and Games
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd581e00492-5bf4-4d76-9f59-565a3ed04d11
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_A2018.36.1.12.1

Hand-drawn chess board made by Herman Wallace while incarcerated

Created by:
Herman Wallace, American, 1941 - 2013  Search this
Subject of:
Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola, American, founded 1835  Search this
Medium:
(a): graphite on paper (fiber product)
(b), (c): ink paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W (a): 8 7/16 × 1 1/8 in. (21.5 × 2.8 cm)
L x W (b): 8 × 11 in. (20.3 × 27.9 cm)
L x W (c): 8 × 11 in. (20.3 × 27.9 cm)
Type:
chess sets
make-dos
Place used:
Angola, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, United States, North and Central America
Date:
after 1972
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Communities  Search this
Men  Search this
Mental health  Search this
Prisons  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Maria Hinds
Object number:
A2018.36.1.12.2abc
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Herman Wallace Archival Collection
Classification:
Toys and Games
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5bf705aad-2e64-46b3-91c3-3ccf8a95141a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_A2018.36.1.12.2abc

Checkerboard used by Herman Wallace while incarcerated

Manufactured by:
Pressman Toy Corporation, American, founded 1922  Search this
Owned by:
Herman Wallace, American, 1941 - 2013  Search this
Subject of:
Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola, American, founded 1835  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product) and cardboard
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 14 11/16 × 14 11/16 × 3/8 in. (37.3 × 37.3 × 1 cm)
Type:
board games
Place used:
Angola, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, United States, North and Central America
Date:
after 1972
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Men  Search this
Mental health  Search this
Prisons  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Maria Hinds
Object number:
A2018.36.1.12.3
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Herman Wallace Archival Collection
Classification:
Toys and Games
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5ce3fb239-3da6-4996-82f3-bf0df7cadb67
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_A2018.36.1.12.3

Manila envelope containing chess pieces used by Herman Wallace

Created by:
Herman Wallace, American, 1941 - 2013  Search this
Subject of:
Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola, American, founded 1835  Search this
Medium:
plastic and paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 7 7/8 × 8 7/8 × 1 3/4 in. (20 × 22.5 × 4.5 cm)
Type:
chessmen
Place used:
Angola, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, United States, North and Central America
Date:
after 1972
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Communities  Search this
Men  Search this
Mental health  Search this
Prisons  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Maria Hinds
Object number:
A2018.36.1.13.1
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Herman Wallace Archival Collection
Classification:
Toys and Games
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5032aa605-42f4-49cb-b77e-a655eac7cf66
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_A2018.36.1.13.1

Bag of red checkers pieces used by Herman Wallace while incarcerated

Manufactured by:
Unidentified  Search this
Owned by:
Herman Wallace, American, 1941 - 2013  Search this
Subject of:
Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola, American, founded 1835  Search this
Medium:
plastic
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 4 1/2 × 4 5/16 × 9/16 in. (11.5 × 11 × 1.5 cm)
Type:
checkers (game pieces)
Place used:
Angola, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, United States, North and Central America
Date:
after 1972
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Men  Search this
Mental health  Search this
Prisons  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Maria Hinds
Object number:
A2018.36.1.13.2
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Herman Wallace Archival Collection
Classification:
Toys and Games
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd577fad721-28f5-48b6-bd4d-86f65575b932
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_A2018.36.1.13.2

Bag of black checkers pieces used by Herman Wallace while incarcerated

Manufactured by:
Unidentified  Search this
Owned by:
Herman Wallace, American, 1941 - 2013  Search this
Subject of:
Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola, American, founded 1835  Search this
Medium:
plastic
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 4 1/2 × 4 5/16 × 1 3/16 in. (11.5 × 11 × 3 cm)
Type:
checkers (game pieces)
Place used:
Angola, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, United States, North and Central America
Date:
after 1972
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Men  Search this
Mental health  Search this
Prisons  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Maria Hinds
Object number:
A2018.36.1.13.3
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Herman Wallace Archival Collection
Classification:
Toys and Games
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd50b245e3b-5ca5-4858-834e-f779d537ceb1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_A2018.36.1.13.3

Bag of red and black checker pieces used by Herman Wallace while incarcerated

Manufactured by:
Unidentified  Search this
Owned by:
Herman Wallace, American, 1941 - 2013  Search this
Subject of:
Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola, American, founded 1835  Search this
Medium:
plastic
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 5 11/16 × 5 5/16 × 1 15/16 in. (14.5 × 13.5 × 5 cm)
Type:
checkers (game pieces)
Place used:
Angola, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, United States, North and Central America
Date:
after 1972
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Men  Search this
Mental health  Search this
Prisons  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Maria Hinds
Object number:
A2018.36.1.13.4
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Herman Wallace Archival Collection
Classification:
Toys and Games
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd50e325e56-c8d9-420c-b4ad-b2b7fa71cbe8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_A2018.36.1.13.4

Repurposed bag of chess pieces used by Herman Wallace while incarcerated

Owned by:
Herman Wallace, American, 1941 - 2013  Search this
Manufactured by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Keefe Group, LLC, American  Search this
Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola, American, founded 1835  Search this
Medium:
plastic
Type:
chessmen
make-dos
Place used:
Angola, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, United States, North and Central America
Date:
after 1972
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Men  Search this
Mental health  Search this
Prisons  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Maria Hinds
Object number:
A2018.36.1.13.5
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Herman Wallace Archival Collection
Classification:
Toys and Games
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd566d4dbfb-8259-42bd-882f-0771f4723155
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_A2018.36.1.13.5

Box of dominoes used by Herman Wallace while incarcerated

Manufactured by:
Pressman Toy Corporation, American, founded 1922  Search this
Owned by:
Herman Wallace, American, 1941 - 2013  Search this
Subject of:
Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola, American, founded 1835  Search this
Medium:
wood and cardboard
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 8 7/8 × 2 3/8 × 1 in. (22.5 × 6 × 2.5 cm)
Type:
dominoes (game pieces)
Place used:
Angola, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, United States, North and Central America
Date:
2005
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Men  Search this
Mental health  Search this
Prisons  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Maria Hinds
Object number:
A2018.36.1.14
Restrictions & Rights:
© 2005 Pressman Toy Corporation. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Herman Wallace Archival Collection
Classification:
Toys and Games
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd54049a86e-3d7b-4788-b1c2-4a58cb93cf36
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_A2018.36.1.14

Address book made from a deck of cards by Herman Wallace while incarcerated

Created by:
Herman Wallace, American, 1941 - 2013  Search this
Subject of:
Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola, American, founded 1835  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product) and plastic
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 2 11/16 × 1 15/16 × 5/8 in. (6.8 × 5 × 1.6 cm)
Type:
playing cards
address books
make-dos
Place used:
Angola, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, United States, North and Central America
Date:
after 1972
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Communication  Search this
Communities  Search this
Men  Search this
Prisons  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Maria Hinds
Object number:
A2018.36.1.3
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Herman Wallace Archival Collection
Classification:
Toys and Games
Memorabilia and Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5ee28f81d-9ab6-4736-97ef-3cdc0aa5547c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_A2018.36.1.3

Assorted Items in Tin Box ("Pulverizings, Dust")

Collection Artist:
Cornell, Joseph  Search this
Extent:
Tin measures 4 3/4 x 8 1/2 x 9 inches.
Container:
Box OBJ
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Includes tin box marked "Pulverizings, Dust" by Cornell containing assorted items, such as jars of glitter, toy and game pieces, wooden beads, etc.
Series Restrictions:
This series is still undergoing processing. Contact collection repository for more information about materials not yet described here.
Collection Rights:
Unpublished materials are protected by copyright. Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository and the copyright holder.
Collection Citation:
Joseph Cornell Study Center collection, 1750-1980, bulk 1930-1972. Joseph Cornell Study Center, Smithsonian American Art Museum.
See more items in:
Joseph Cornell Study Center Collection
Joseph Cornell Study Center Collection / Series 9: Artifacts and Ephemera
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Research and Scholars Center
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-saam-jcsc-1-ref4729

MS 4948 Drawings of Zuni game equipment

Creator:
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Extent:
12 Items (ink drawings )
9 Items (proofs of ink drawings )
2 Items (pencil drawings )
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
ca. 1903
Scope and Contents:
A. notes on some of the drawings.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4948
Local Note:
Numbers stamped on some of the drawings do not refer to negatives in MNH, MHT, or A & I photo labs; nor to USNM Catalog Numbers.
Ink drawings are based on photographs (see Original Prints, Zuni, Box 1, Number 23).
Topic:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Toys and games  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 4948, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4948
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4948
Online Media:

Photographs of Dakota (and Chippewa ?) Indians in the vicinity of Carrington and Fort Totten, North Dakota

Photographer:
Putnam, Clara  Search this
Putnam, T. N., Mrs  Search this
Names:
World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Extent:
28 Prints
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Date:
ca. 1898-1900
Scope and Contents:
Catalog Number 4792: (1)-(11) Tribe: Dakota Description: Dances and games at Devils Lake, near Fort Totten, North Dakota Photographer: Clara Putnam Date: ca. 1898-1900. (12)-(15) Dakota Indians camped at Devils Lake, near Fort Totten, North Dakota Photographer: Clara Putnam Date: ca. 1898-1900. (16) Non-Indian Group of white men, women, and children picnicking at Devils Lake, near Fort Totten, North Dakota ca. 1898-1900. (17)-(20) Dakota Camp scene at Devils Lake (?), near Fort Totten, North Dakota Clara Putnam ca. 1898-1900. (21)-(23) Dakota Group at Devils Lake, near Fort Totten North Dakota Clara Putnam ca. 1898-1900. (24) Non-Indian Two White men, and a woman aboard a boat on Devils Lake, near Fort Totten, North Dakota Clara Putnam ca. 1898-1900. (25) Non-Indian Group of White men at Devils Lake, near Fort Totten, North Dakota Clara Putnam ca. 1898-1900. (26) Dakota Two women at Clara Putnam's house in Carrington, North Dakota Clara Putnam ca. 1898-1900. (27) Dakota Three women and a girl at Clara Putnam's house (?) in Carrington, North Dakota Clara Putnam ca. 1898-1900. (28) Non-Indian Scene at World's Columbian Exposition (?) in Chicago in 1893 Clara Putnam 1893.
Biographical / Historical:
Mr F. L. Putnam stated that when he was a boy his family camped every year at the opposite end of Devils Lake N. W. of Fort Totten, and that the Indians came from the reservation at Fort Totten and from Fort Berthold and held games and dances at the "other" end of the lake. The pictures were taken by his mother, Clara Putnam, who developed the plates herself. Mrs Clara Putnam was the wife of T. N. Putnam, who owned a lumber company in Carrington. Mr F. L. Putnam stated that other photos in the Putnam collection show buildings and scenes in Carrington, and some views taken in California in 1893 and at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4792
Local Note:
Prints made 5/67 from 4" x 5" glass negatives lent by F. L. Putnam, 402 Fontaine Street, Alexandria, Virginia, the son of the photographer. Glass negatives returned 7/3/67.)
Filed: Original Prints, Dakota.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Dance  Search this
Toys and games  Search this
Camps  Search this
Sioux  Search this
North Dakota  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4792, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4792
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4792

Selected prints

Photographer:
Moore, Riley Dunning, 1883-  Search this
Names:
Konig  Search this
Muntokolia  Search this
Ounngtis ?  Search this
Soonogarook  Search this
Extent:
12 Prints
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Unangan (Aleut)  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Saint Lawrence Island (Alaska)
Date:
1912
Scope and Contents:
Made by Bureau of American Ethnology from a series of negatives by Riley D. Moore, 1912, filed in Division of Physical Anthropology, U. S. National Museum. 11 prints of Eskimos and 1 of an Aleut.
Catalog Number 4696: (1) Tribe: Eskimo Description: Summer home of Soonogarook, St Lawrence Island, Alaska. Man standing with arms inside coat, the customary way when not using hands. Left to right: Ounngtis (?), Soonogarook, Muntokolia, Koning. (2) Eskimo Summer home of Soonogarook. (3) Eskimo Wrestling, at Gambell, St Lawrence Island, Alaska. (4) Eskimo Wrestling, St Lawrence Island, Alaska. Man seated on embankment of an old "ningloo." (5) Eskimo Wrestling, St Lawrence Island, Alaska.. Frame building, store (co-op) and blacksmith shop in background. (6) Eskimo Home of Oghoolki, winter house, St Lawrence Island, Alaska. (7) Eskimo Broken house, womkon in front, St Lawrence Island, Alaska. (8) Eskimo Group, Kodiak. Volcanic dust shovelled from the door. (9) Eskimo Kodiak. Roof caved in from volcanic dust. (10) Eskimo Kodiak harbor. (11) Eskimo Kodiak. (12) Aleut Unalaska.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4696
Topic:
Habitations and other structures -- summer home  Search this
Habitations and other structures -- winter house  Search this
Toys and games -- Wrestling  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Manuscript 4696, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4696
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4696

Photographs of Winnebago Indians, made at Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin

Photographer:
Bennett, H. H. (Henry Hamilton), 1843-1908  Search this
Names:
Bear that digs a hole, Winnebago  Search this
Big Bear (Winnebago)  Search this
Branching Horns  Search this
Brown Eyes, Winnebago  Search this
Chun-hut-ah-rah  Search this
Ha-noo-gah  Search this
Ha-zah-zoch-ka  Search this
He-noo-ke-ku  Search this
Ma-bes-e-da-he-gah Winnebago  Search this
Nah-ju-ze-gah Winnebago  Search this
Second Boy  Search this
Wah-con-jah-zee-gah Winnebago  Search this
Yellow Thunder  Search this
Youngest Girl  Search this
Extent:
13 Prints
Culture:
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Date:
1865-1908
Scope and Contents:
Catalog Number 4702: (1) Tribe: Winnebago Description: Ha-noo-gah Chun-hut-ah-rah (Second boy and pony) Photographer: Henry H. Bennett Date: 1865-1908. (2) Winnebago Woman tanning a deer skin Henry H. Bennett 1865-1908. (3) Winnebago Wah-con-jah-zee-gah (Yellow Thunder) Henry H. Bennett 1865-1908. Negative Number: cf. 45,479-H. (4) Winnebago Playing game of Wah-koo-chad-ah or moccasin Henry H. Bennett 1865-1908. (5) Winnebago Wong-chig-ah Chea-da (Indian tent and women) Henry H. Bennett 1865-1908. (6) Winnebago Big Bear in Diamond Grotto Henry H. Bennett 1865-1908. (7) Winnebago Big Bear Henry H. Bennett 1865-1909. (8) Winnebago Nah-ju-zee-gah (Brown Eyes) Henry H. Bennett 1865-1909. (9) Winnebago Ma-bes-e-de-gah (Bear that digs a hole) Henry H. Bennett 1865-1909. (10) Winnebago He-noo-ke-ku (Youngest Girl) Henry H. Bennett 1865-1909. (11) Winnebago Ha-zah-zoch-ka (Branching Horns) Henry H. Bennett 1865-1909. (12) Winnebago Young man with a flute Henry H. Bennett 1865-1909. (13) Winnebago Woman with a baby carried on her back in a shawl Henry H. Bennett 1865-1909.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4702
Restrictions:
Since permission for making negatives is not granted (although not specifically denied) in the correspondence with the Bennett Studio, we should refer purchasers directly to the Bennett studio for prints.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Hide preparation  Search this
Toys and games -- moccasin  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4702, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4702
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4702

Photographs of R. O. Sweeny Drawings of Dakota Indians

Creator:
Sweeny, Robert Ormsby, 1831-1902  Search this
Extent:
16 Prints
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Consists of 20 photos of drawings by Robert Ormsby Sweeny, made in Minnesota in 1852.
Contents: 4489: Artist's titles: [1.] Interior Dakota Bark house. [2.] Dakota or Sioux women Tanning and dressing skins. [3.] Dakotas telling stories and preparing for a hunting party. [4.] Bark hunting lodge of Dakotas or Sioux Indians. [5.] "Fire hunting" of the Sioux. [6.] Sioux spearing fish. [7.] Shakapes and Le petite Corbeaus bands playing ball at Shakapes village. [8.] Dakota Doctor or Sorcerer preparing charms for the sick. [9.] Dakota Doctor exorcising the evil spirit from the sick. [10.] Dakota medicine men showing their secret charms to each other. [11.] Dance Worship of Oank-tay-hee Taku-wakan- The supernatural giant. [12.] Dakota Indians dancing the Sun Dance. [13.] Bark Houses or Summer Lodges of Dakotas. [14.] Return Dance of a successful War party of Dakotas. [15.] Begging Dance of the Dakotas or Sioux. [16.] Dakota or Sioux squaws gathering Wild Rice for Winter food. [17.] Dog Dance of the M'de wakan ton Sioux or Dakotas. [18.] Dakota or Sioux Indians racing ponies. [19.] M'de Wakanton wan Dakota burial place, "Black Dogs Village" Minnesota. [20.] Wa-pa-ton Sioux or Dakota Ceremonies of the Thunder Bird "Travers des Sioux."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4489
Local Note:
Filed: Dakota original prints (no negatives). Mounted in album.
Restrictions:
Purchased 1956 from the British Museum for reference only. Publication permission as well as additional prints sould be obtained directly from the British Museum, which owns the originals.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Toys and games -- playing ball  Search this
Medicine -- medicine men  Search this
Dance  Search this
Habitations and other structures  Search this
Hide preparation  Search this
Fishing  Search this
Death and mortuary customs  Search this
Rituals, formulas and ceremonies  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4489, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4489
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4489

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