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Sam Bush - "Radio John" (Official Audio)

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2022-10-12T14:00:08.000Z
YouTube Category:
Music  Search this
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolkways
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolkways
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_HLqNkmyPFTg

Peale, Rembrandt, Research on Peale Notebooks

Collection Creator:
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Box 66, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1983
Collection Restrictions:
This bulk of this collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
National Academy of Design records, 1817-2012. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
National Academy of Design records
National Academy of Design records / Series 18: Artist Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b9d87eb4-7454-4969-923c-b9afd7c89467
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-natiacad-ref1337
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Furness towboat

Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Container:
Box 29, Sheet 5-32
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1902
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 5: Drawings / 5.1: Drawings / 5.1.6: Volume 1 (East Coast), Part 3A, Number 15
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8fd5106ee-bb26-4297-923f-63466b774c2c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref268

Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Company photographs and other materials

Creator:
Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Company  Search this
Consolidation Coal Company  Search this
Donor:
Bethlehem Steel Corporation  Search this
Extent:
23 Cubic feet (99 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Photograph albums
Date:
1885-1940s
Summary:
The collection documents the building, operation and daily life of coal mining communities in Kentucky, West Virginia and Ohio between 1911 and 1946. The collection is a valuable for the study of mining technology and the social conditions of the time period and regions.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists mostly of photographs depicting Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Company mines and mining towns in Maryland, Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. Subjects include worker housing, schools for miners' children, gardens, churches, recreational facilities, health services, company stores, safety, mining machinery, construction of mines and related structures, and the interiors of mines.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1: Background Materials, 1904-1933

Series 2: Photographs, 1885-1940s

Subseries 2.1: Photograph Albums, 1885-1932

Subseries 2.2: West Virginia Division, 19091-1917

Subseries 2.3: Glass Plate and Film Negatives, 1911-1940s

Subseries 2.4: Numbered Photographs, 1911-1930

Subseries 2.5: Miscellaneous, 1913, 1916
Historical Note:
The Consolidation Coal Company was started in 1864 to mine bituminous coal deposits in Maryland's Cumberland region. it expanded by acquiring other mine companies as well as rail and other transportation companies. It went into receivership in 1932. The Pittsburgh Coal Company, founded in 1900, took over the firm in 1945 and formed the Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Company.

The Consolidation Coal Company (Maryland)

The Consolidation Coal Company was incorporated in Maryland on March 8, 1860, for the purpose of effecting a merger of a number of coal operators mining the Georges Creek basin in Allegany County, Maryland. Because of the Civil War, during which Confederate armies frequently blocked the region's only outlet to market, the company was not actually organized until April 19, 1864. Starting life as the dominant operator in this small but significant coal field, "Consol" rose to become the nation's top producer of bituminous coal.

The Georges Creek or Cumberland Coal Field, occupying part of the triangle of western Maryland, contained a high-quality, low-volatile bituminous steam coal which was also, thanks to the Potomac River, the coal of this type most accessible to Eastern markets. Coal had been mined in the region beginning in the 1700s, and the first coal company, the Maryland Mining Company, had been incorporated in 1828. However, large-scale development could not occur until the mid-1840s, after the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad reached Cumberland and provided reliable transportation. This also coincided with the development of ocean steam navigation and a rapid growth in the number of railroad locomotives and stationary steam engines. Cumberland coal was ideal for ship bunkering, and much of the output was shipped to New York Harbor. Naturally, New York capitalists and manufacturers played a leading role in developing the field. Lewis Howell's Maryland and New York Iron and Coal Company rolled the first solid U.S. railroad rail at its Mount Savage mill in 1844. The Consolidation Coal merger was put together by New Yorkers such as William H. Aspinwall, Erastus Corning, the Delanos and Roosevelts, and the Boston financier John Murray Forbes, who already had substantial investments in the region.

Upon its formation, the Consolidation Coal Company acquired the properties of the Ocean Steam Coal Company, the Frostburg Coal Company, and the Mount Savage Iron Company totaling about 11,000 acres. The last named company brought with it control of the Cumberland and Pennsylvania Railroad, which connected the mines to the Baltimore & Ohio and later the Pennsylvania and Western Maryland railroads. In 1870, Consol absorbed the Cumberland Coal and Iron Company of 1840, the next largest operator in the field, and gained an additional 7,000 acres. Further purchases from the Delano interests gave it over 80 percent of the entire Cumberland Field.

Soon after its hated rival, the Pennsylvania Railroad, gained access to the Cumberland Coal Field, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad began purchasing large blocks of Consolidation Coal stock to protect its traffic base in 1875, eventually gaining a 52 percent interest. A B&O slate of directors was elected in February 1877, with Charles F. Mayer of Baltimore as president, and the company offices were moved from New York to Baltimore.

Until the turn of the century, Consolidation Coal's mining operations were confined to the small soft coal region of western Maryland. The company purchased the 12,000 acre Millholland coal tract near Morgantown, W.Va. in 1902 and acquired controlling interests in the Fairmont Coal Company of West Virginia and the Somerset Coal Company of Pennsylvania the following year. These acquisitions boosted Consolidation's annual production more than six-fold in only three years. The company purchased the 25,000 acre Stony Creek tract in Somerset County, Pa., in 1904. The Fairmont Coal Company purchase included a joint interest in the North Western Fuel Company, which owned and operated docks and coal distribution facilities in Wisconsin and Minnesota.

In 1906, the Interstate Commerce Commission held a formal investigation of rail ownership of coal companies, which resulted in the passage of the Hepburn Act and its "Commodities Clause," which prohibited railroads from dealing in the commodities they hauled. In anticipation of the new regulations, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad sold its entire holdings of Consolidation stock to a Baltimore syndicate headed by Consol president Clarence W. Watson, J. H. Wheelwright and H. Crawford on April 26, 1906. At the time of the B&O's divestiture, the aggregate annual output of Consolidation's mines totaled more than 10 million tons and the company controlled more than 200,000 acres. The John D. Rockefeller interests began purchasing Consol securities in 1915, eventually securing a controlling interest. The company's offices were returned to New York City in May 1921.

After the B&O divestiture, Consol began expanding into the Southern Appalachian coal fields, which were just being opened by railroads on a large scale. The mines in this region yielded a low volatile coal that provided an ideal fuel source for stationary steam engines, ships, and locomotives. Of equal importance, operators in the remote mountains had been able to resist unionization and thus achieve lower operating costs, while all of Consol's previous holdings had been in the so-called "Central Competitive Field" to the north, which had been unionized in the 1890s. Consolidation Coal purchased 30,000 acres in the Millers Creek Field of Eastern Kentucky in 1909 and 100,000 acres in the Elkhorn Field the next year. In February 1922, Consol secured a long term lease and option on the Carter Coal Company, whose 37,000 acres straddled the borders of Virginia, West Virginia and Kentucky. In 1925, Consol became the nation's largest producer of bituminous coal, excluding the captive mines of the steel companies.

During the Great Depression, Consolidation Coal experienced serious financial difficulties and was forced into receivership on June 2, 1932. The Rockefellers liquidated their holdings at a loss, and the Carter Coal Company was returned to the Carter heirs in 1933. Consol was reorganized and reincorporated in Delaware as the Consolidation Coal Company, Inc. on November 1, 1935, and was able to retain its position as one of the nation's top coal producers. Eventually, stock control passed into the hands of the M.A. Hanna Company group of Cleveland, dealers in coal and iron ore. Although production reached record levels during the Second World War, management feared a recurrence of the collapse that had followed World War I. It also faced the prospect of increased competition from oil and natural gas and the loss of traditional markets such as home heating and locomotive fuel. As a result Consol opened negotiations with another large producer, the Pittsburgh Coal Company, which was the dominant operator in the Pittsburgh District.

The Pittsburgh Coal Company

The Pittsburgh Coal Company was a product of the great industrial merger movement of the late 1890s. In 1899, two large mergers were effected in the Pittsburgh District.

The Monongahela River Consolidated Coal and Coke Company was incorporated in Pennsylvania on October 1, 1899 to merge the properties of over 90 small firms operating mines along the Monongahela River south of Pittsburgh. Some of these operations dated to the early 1800s, and all of them shipped coal down the Ohio-Mississippi River system by barge from close to the mine mouth, or later by the railroads built along the river banks. The combination controlled 40,000 acres of coal land, 100 steam towboats, 4,000 barges, and facilities for handling coal at Cincinnati, Louisville, Vicksburg, Memphis, Baton Rouge and New Orleans.

The Pittsburgh Coal Company was incorporated in New Jersey as a holding company on September 1, 1899 and acquired the properties of over 80 operators located in the areas back from the river on both sides of the Monongahela south of Pittsburgh. The combination was engineered by some of the most prominent Pittsburgh industrialists, including Andrew W. Mellon, Henry W. Oliver, and Henry Clay Frick. It controlled over 80,000 acres and six collector railroads, the longest of which was the Montour Railroad. Most of its output was shipped by rail, with a large share being transferred to ships on the Great Lakes for distribution throughout the industrial Midwest. The company owned coal docks and yards at Chicago, Cleveland, Duluth, West Superior, Sault Ste. Marie, Ashtabula, Fairport and Thornburg. Subsequently, the company expanded in southwestern Pennsylvania and the Hocking Valley of Ohio through the lease of the Shaw Coal Company in 1901 and the purchase of the Midland Coal Company in 1903. Most of the properties were vested in a separate Pittsburgh Coal Company, an operating company incorporated in Pennsylvania.

Unlike the Consolidation Coal Company, which had grown by gradual accretion, the Pittsburgh Coal Company had been created in a single stroke. As with many mergers of the period, its capitalization probably contained a high percentage of "water" in anticipation of profits from future growth. Unfortunately, the years after the merger saw explosive growth in the coal fields of Southern Appalachia instead. Although farther from major consuming centers, they enjoyed several advantages. The coal itself was superior, low-volatile with higher BTU content and altogether cleaner than the high-volatile coals of Ohio and the Pittsburgh District. As already noted, the southern mines were also non-union. With the inroads of Southern Appalachian coal, the Pittsburgh Coal Company continuously lost ground in the crucial Lake and western markets from 1900 to 1915. The company's capitalization proved unwieldy in the unsettled economic conditions following the Panic of 1907. A reorganization plan was devised under which a new Pittsburgh Coal Company was incorporated in Pennsylvania on January 12, 1916 by merging the old Pittsburgh Coal Company of Pennsylvania and the Monongahela River Consolidated Coal and Coke Company. The old holding company was then liquidated and the stock of the new operating company distributed to its stockholders. Dissension between the common and preferred stockholders delayed consummation of the plan until July 16, 1917.

The Pittsburgh Coal Company, which had all its operations in the Central Competitive Field, had a much more difficult time than Consolidation in breaking the 1923 Jacksonville Agreement with the United Mine Workers in 1925-1927 and reverting to non-union status. The three-year struggle ended the company's ability to pay dividends. Pittsburgh Coal survived the Depression without receivership but with ever-increasing arrearages on its preferred stock. By the end of World War II, its managers were just as eager as those at Consol to attempt greater economies through merger. The Pittsburgh Coal Company and the Consolidation Coal Company merged on November 23, 1945, with exchange ratios of 65 to 35 percent. Pittsburgh Coal Company, the surviving partner, changed its name to the Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Company.

The Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Company

After the merger, the M.A. Hanna Company interests of Cleveland became the dominant factor in Pitt-Consol's affairs. Hanna had transferred its pre-merger Consol stock to its subsidiary Bessemer Coal & Coke Corporation in 1943. This led to a restructuring whereby Pitt-Consol acquired Hanna's share of the North Western-Hanna Fuel Company in April 1946 and the Hanna coal properties in eastern Ohio on June 16, 1946 These included large reserves of strippable coal that accounted for about 20 percent of the state's production. Pitt-Consol later acquired Hanna's holdings of coal land in Harrison, Belmont and Jefferson Counties, Ohio, on December 30, 1949. It purchased the New York Central Railroad's 51 percent interest in the Jefferson Coal Company, giving it full control, in 1952 and merged it into the Hanna Coal Company Division.

Pitt-Consol sold its last major railroads, the Montour Railroad and the Youngstown & Southern Railway to the Pennsylvania Railroad and the Pittsburgh & Lake Erie Railroad on December 31, 1946. The Northwestern Coal Railway had been sold to the Great Northern system, and the Cumberland & Pennsylvania Railroad had been sold to the Western Maryland Railway in May 1944.

In addition, a new Research and Development Division was created to fund projects aimed at developing more efficient production methods, new outlets for coal consumption, coal-based synthetic fuels and chemical byproducts. A new coal gasification plant opened at Library, Pa., in November 1948, and the company began the manufacture of a smokeless fuel briquette under the trademark "Disco" at Imperial, Pa., in 1949. An experimental coal slurry pipeline was built in Ohio in 1952.

During the 1950s and early 1960s, Pitt-Consol made many changes in its coal holdings, selling high-cost or less desirable properties, diversifying its reserves across many different coal fields, rationalizing property lines to permit large mechanized underground or strip mines and forming joint ventures with steel companies to secure guaranteed customers. Pitt-Consol acquired the Jamison Coal and Coke Company in 1954 and the Pocahontas Fuel Company, Incorporated, a large producer of low-volatile Southern Appalachian coal, in 1956. In the latter year, it sold its Elkhorn Field properties to the Bethlehem Steel Corporation. As Pittsburgh District operations became less central, the corporate name was changed back to Consolidation Coal Company in April 1958.

The Consolidation Coal Company, CONOCO and CONSOL Energy, Inc.:

Consol continued to expand into the early 1960s. On April 30, 1962, it absorbed the Truax-Traer Coal Company of Illinois. Truax-Traer also mined lignite in North Dakota, a low-grade but low-sulfur coal that was taking a greater share of the power generation market as environmental laws placed greater restrictions on high-sulfur coal from the Central Competitive Field. The following year Consol acquired the Crozer Coal and Land Company and the Page Coal and Coke Company, owners of additional reserves of low-volatile, low-sulfur steam coal in southern West Virginia.

In 1966, just two years after the company marked its centennial, Consolidation Coal was acquired by the Continental Oil Company (Conoco). This was part of a general trend whereby U.S. oil companies extended their reach by acquiring coal reserves and large coal producers. In turn, Conoco was acquired by E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company in 1981. This purchase was motivated by DuPont's desire to obtain better control of chemical feedstocks in an era of high oil prices. Consolidation Coal was not a major factor in the Conoco acquisition and did not really fit into DuPont's strategy, especially after coal and oil prices declined. As a result, it was quickly sold off when DuPont was restructured a decade later. In 1991, a new holding company CONSOL Engery, Inc. was incorporated as a joint venture of DuPont Energy Company and the German energy conglomerate Rheinisch-Westfalisches Elektrizitatswerk A.G., through its wholly owned subsidiaries Rheinbraun A.G. and Rheinbraun U.S.A. GmbH. Consolidation Coal Company became a wholly-owned subsidiary of CONSOL Energy, Inc. DuPont eventually sold most of its half interest, so that by 1998, Rheinbraun affiliates owned 94% of CONSOL Energy stock, while DuPont Energy retained only 6%. CONSOL Energy purchased the entire stock of the Rochester & Pittsburgh Coal Company on September 22, 1998. CONSOL Energy stock began trading on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "CNX" in 1999, with an initial public offering of more than 20 million shares.

CONSOL Energy produced more than 74 million tons of coal in 1999, accounting for approximately 7% of domestic production. The company currently operates 22 mining complexes, primarily east of the Mississippi River.

Source

Historical note from the Consolidation Coal Company Records, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

The Archives Center holds a number of collections that document coal.

Coal and Gas Trust Investigation Collection (AC1049)

Hammond Coal Company Records (AC1003)

Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company Records (AC0071)

Lehigh Valley Coal Company Records (AC1106)

Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company Records (AC0282)

Materials in Other Organizations

Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

CONSOL Energy, Inc. Mine Maps and Records Collection, 1857-2002

AIS.1991.16

The CONSOL Energy Inc. collection contains coal mine maps, related documents and topographical information, as well as surface maps and detailed information on mine accidents. Additionally, there are technical drawings, outside notes on multiple mines, traverse and survey books, information on companies and railroads with which CONSOL conducted business, and a variety of non-print materials including photographs, negatives and aperture cards. Digital reproductions of selected material are available online.

CONSOL Energy Inc. West Virginia and Eastern Ohio Mine Maps and Records Collection, 1880-1994

AIS.2004.22

The CONSOL Energy Inc. West Virginia and Eastern Ohio Mine Maps and Records Collection contains coal mine maps as well as surface maps and detailed information on mine accidents in West Virginia and Eastern Ohio. Additionally, there are technical drawings, related documents, traverse and survey books, publications and photographs.

Consolidation Coal Company Records, 1854-1971, bulk 1864-1964

AIS.2011.03

The Consolidation Coal Company (Consol) was created by the merger of several small operators mining the Georges Creek coal basin in Allegany County, Maryland. The company expanded rapidly in the early twentieth century through the purchase of substantial tracts in the coal fields of Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Kentucky as well as docks and distribution facilities in the Great Lakes region. By 1927, Consol was the nation's largest producer of bituminous coal. Following a merger with the Pittsburgh Coal Company in 1945, the company pursued a policy of acquiring companies which afforded opportunities for greater diversification while selling off unprofitable lines. In addition, a new research and development division was created to fund projects aimed at developing more efficient production methods and new outlets for coal consumption. The records of the Consolidation Coal Company and its affiliated companies are arranged in seven series. Minute books and contract files provide the most comprehensive documentation in this collection.
Provenance:
Donated to the National Museum of American History in 1987 by Bethlehem Steel Corporation.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the negatives are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Special arrangements required to view original glass plate and film negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Mining corporations  Search this
Mining -- West Virginia  Search this
Mining -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Mining -- Maryland  Search this
Company towns  Search this
Mining -- Kentucky  Search this
Mines -- West Virginia  Search this
Mines -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Mines -- Maryland  Search this
Mines -- Kentucky  Search this
Mining and minerals industry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Photograph albums -- 20th century
Citation:
Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Company photographs and other materials, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1007
See more items in:
Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Company photographs and other materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep86027ae9f-9a84-4277-adcf-d0b5e919ac6a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1007

Leo Baekeland Diary Volume 51

Author:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Collection Creator:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (6.0" x 3.5")
Container:
Box 21, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Date:
1932 May 31-1932 October 23
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Family -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries -- 20th century
Collection Citation:
Leo Baekeland Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Leo H. Baekeland Papers / Series 4: Diaries
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e04d2a55-b2a6-42a7-8f21-2f0be49573af
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0005-ref340
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  • View Leo Baekeland Diary Volume 51 digital asset number 1

Festival Recordings: Camp Narrative: Camp Cooking; Working the Water, Tow boating on the Mississippi

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Mississippi Delta Program 1997 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Loughran, Maureen (recorder)  Search this
Nienstadt, Felix E., 1960- (recorder)  Search this
Performer:
Shockley, Clement  Search this
Morris, Penny  Search this
Morris, Tom  Search this
Collins, Brent  Search this
White, Edna  Search this
Russell, Oren  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
compact audio cassette
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Mississippi
Yazoo City (Miss.)
Louisiana
Baton Rouge (La.)
Jackson (Miss.)
Greenville (Miss.)
Date:
1997 July 4
1997
Track Information:
101 Camp Cooking / Clement Shockley, Penny Morris, Tom Morris.

102 Working the Water: Towboating on the Mississippi / Brent Collins, Edna White, Oren Russell.
Local Numbers:
FP-1997-CT-0122-7
Publication, Distribution, Etc. (Imprint):
United States 1997
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 4, 1997.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. SI Permission.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
Oral history  Search this
Meat  Search this
Camps  Search this
Food habits  Search this
Venison  Search this
River boats  Search this
Canals  Search this
Towboats  Search this
Maritime  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1997, Item FP-1997-CT-0122
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife / Series 3: The Mississippi Delta / Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk556e25b97-ad6a-4439-b336-5e19fd33c8fa
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1997-ref1007

Festival Recordings: Camp Narrative: Hunting Stories; Tow boating on the Mississippi River

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Mississippi Delta Program 1997 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Recorder:
Ireland, Carol (recorder)  Search this
Sutch, John  Search this
Performer:
Thompkins, Bob  Search this
Richenbach, Butch  Search this
Vaughn, Sydney  Search this
Collins, Brent  Search this
Russell, Oren  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
compact audio cassette
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Anglo-American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Arkansas
Stuttgart (Ark.)
Louisiana
Mississippi
Baton Rouge (La.)
Greenville (Miss.)
Date:
1997 July 5
Track Information:
101 Hunting Stories / Bob Thompkins, Butch Richenbach, Sydney Vaughn.

102 Towboating on the Mississippi River / Brent Collins, Oren Russell.
Local Numbers:
FP-1997-CT-0125-7
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 5, 1997.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. SI Permission.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
Oral history  Search this
Storytelling  Search this
Ducks  Search this
Birdsongs  Search this
Hunting  Search this
Maritime  Search this
Towboats  Search this
River boats  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1997, Item FP-1997-CT-0125
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife / Series 3: The Mississippi Delta / Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk535521f0a-54be-4497-8960-d739e35c2aeb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1997-ref1010

The Mississippi Delta

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Introduction:
The Mississippi Delta is the area formed by the alluvial flood plain of the lower Mississippi River and incorporating parts of four states, a region distinguished by both geographic and cultural characteristics. From the flat, rich land of west Tennessee through parts of Arkansas, Mississippi, and Louisiana, the entire region owes many of its cultural traditions to the Mississippi River and the many smaller rivers that permeate the area, some with names reflective of the Native Americans who first settled there or other groups who came later. Entire communities, operating with varying codes and customs based on indigenous traditions, have evolved around the region's rivers and bayous: from the commercial fisherfolk, trappers, and towboat workers, whose houses often cluster near major rivers, landings, and levees; to African American ministers and their congregations, who wade into the waters to baptize believers "the old way"; to the privileged planters' sons, whose membership in the exclusive hunting clubs along the river is bestowed by the accident of birth. The rivers are imbued with personal, local, and regional symbolism and significance.

Today's Delta is still largely rural and agricultural, its economy very closely tied to the land. In spite of a century of clearing, cultivating, draining, and land leveling, the region retains its primitive swamps, bayous, and cypress brakes. It was the environmental wonder and agricultural richness of the region that led a diversity of cultural groups to settle there - or to be brought there, against their will, to cultivate its fields. For instance, in the 1890s several Mississippi plantation owners fretted over the declining work force and looked to Italy for a solution in the form of sharecroppers. Arkansas planters similarly brought Chinese to the Delta.

Though the largest percentages of residents today are black African Americans and white Anglo-Saxons, the region also has substantial populations of people of Jewish, Chinese, Lebanese, Syrian, Italian, Greek, and Mexican ancestry. One can observe small Chinese groceries in many Delta towns, the large presence of Italian families and traditions throughout Mississippi and Arkansas, and the wonderful assimilation of ethnic foodways such as Delta tamales, probably brought to the Delta by Mexican farm workers who came to earn a living in the cotton fields.

The Mississippi Delta program at the 1997 Festival cast its spotlight not only on the diverse musical traditions that evolved or were invented in the Delta, but also at the occupations associated with the land and water, the crafts and foodways that utilized the region's natural resources, the amusements that provided diversion to Delta residents, and the worshipping practices that gave them solace and strength.

The program was curated by a team that included Deborah Boykin, Joyce Jackson, Worth Long, Michael Luster, Maida Owens, Diana Parker, Tom Rankin, Arlene Reiniger, and Susan Roach. Arlene Reiniger also served as Program Coordinator.

Support for the program came from the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, the Mississippi Arts Commission, the Rhythm & Blues Foundation, and the Recording Industries Music Performance Trust Funds.
Presenters:
Deborah Boykin, John T. Edge, Joyce Jackson, Worth Long, Michael Luster, Francesca McLean, Maida Owens, Wiley Prewitt, Tom Rankin, Susan Roach
Participants:
HOME AREA

Gene Chinn, Chinese traditions, Clarksdale, Mississippi

Noah Chinn, Chinese traditions, Clarksdale, Mississippi

Bradley Chow, Chinese traditions, Clarksdale, Mississippi

Gilroy Chow, Chinese traditions, Clarksdale, Mississippi.

Lisa Chow, Chinese traditions, Clarksdale, Mississippi

Sally Chow, Chinese traditions, Clarksdale, Mississippi

Dinni Clark, Southern cook, Columbus, Mississippi

Lawrence M. Craig, barbecue cook, DeValls Bluff, Arkansas

Lucinda Cusic, Southern cook, Leland, Mississippi

Georgie Fisher, gardener, flower arranger, Greenville, Mississippi

Albert Kelly, barbecue pit maker, Monroe, Louisiana

Jewel McCain, tamale maker, Vicksburg, Mississippi

Irma Rodriguez, tamale maker, Natchitoches, Louisiana

Martha Skelton, quilter, Vicksburg, Mississippi

Henrietta Taylor, quilter, Greenville, Mississippi

Alice Virden, gardener, flower arranger, Greenville, Mississippi

Edna White, tatter, Jackson, Mississippi

Tampa Wilson, basket maker, Bentonia, Mississippi

PLAY AREA

Delta Dance Hall

Eddie Cusic, blues guitar, Leland, Mississippi

THE TIM LAUGHLIN'S NEW ORLEANS DIXIELAND JAZZ BAND, Dixieland Jazz -- THE TIM LAUGHLIN'S NEW ORLEANS DIXIELAND JAZZ BAND, Dixieland JazzEd Dowling, trumpet, New Orleans, LouisianaDavid Hansen, drums, New Orleans, LouisianaTim Laughlin, clarinet, New Orleans, LouisianaTom Roberts, piano, Annapolis, MarylandDavid Sager, trombone, Washington, D.C.

BIG LUCKY & HIS MIGHTY MEN OF SOUND, Traditional Blues, Memphis, Tennessee -- BIG LUCKY & HIS MIGHTY MEN OF SOUND, Traditional Blues, Memphis, TennesseeShirley Bobo, vocalsLevester "Big Lucky" Carter, guitar, vocalsWillie "Boogieman" Hubbard, keyboardsMelvin Lee, bassDavid Valentine, drums, vocals

KENNY BILL STINSON & THE ARK-Louisiana-MYSTICS, Rockabilly -- KENNY BILL STINSON & THE ARK-Louisiana-MYSTICS, RockabillyKevin Gordon, electric guitar, Nashville, TennesseePaul Griffith, drums, Nashville, TennesseeLorne Rail, bass guitar, Nashville, TennesseeKenny Bill Stinson, piano, guitar, W. Monroe, Louisiana

SWEET MISS COFFY & THE MISSISSIPPI BURN'IN BLUES BAND, Soul Blues -- SWEET MISS COFFY & THE MISSISSIPPI BURN'IN BLUES BAND, Soul BluesDennis Bonds, guitar, Jackson, MississippiGregory Dishmon, drums, Pearl, MississippiVeeta Hatten, keyboards, vocals, Jackson, MississippiWillie James Hatten, bass guitar, Jackson, MississippiGeorge Myrick, guitar, Jackson, MississippiClaude C. Wells, keyboards, Jackson, Mississippi

THE RUFUS THOMAS GROUP, Rhythm & Blues, Memphis, Tennessee -- THE RUFUS THOMAS GROUP, Rhythm & Blues, Memphis, TennesseeJimmy Kinnard, bassCharles Pitts, guitarJames Robertson, drumsJim Spake, tenor saxMarvell Thomas, keyboardsRufus Thomas, vocalsScott Thompson, trumpet

Camp Site

Bob Neill, camp activities, Leland, Mississippi

Butch Richenbach, duck caller, Stuttgart, Arkansas

Ann Sides, camp activities, Rosedale, Mississippi

George Sides, camp caretaker, Rosedale, Mississippi

WORK AREA

Mabry Anderson, crop duster, Clarksdale, Mississippi

Harry Williams Branton, catfish farmer, Leland, Mississippi

Collins Brent, boat works, Greenville, Mississippi

Grady "Bubba" Brown, crop duster, Lake Providence, Louisiana

Wayne "Tookie" Collom, cotton work, harmonica, Rayville, Louisiana

Henry Dorsey, cotton work, guitar, Rayville, Louisiana

Robroy Fisher, cotton farmer, Greenville, Mississippi

Penny Morris, net maker, Yazoo City, Mississippi

Tom Morris, net maker, Yazoo City, Mississippi

Billy Pearson, cotton farmer, Sumner, Mississippi

Phil Robertson, hunting & fishing skills, W. Monroe, Louisiana

Oren Russell, towboat captain, Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Hugh Warren, catfish farmer, Indianola, Mississippi

WORSHIP AREA

Worship Crafts

Rabbi David Skopp, Jewish crafts, Memphis, Tennessee

Annie Staten, baptismal robe maker, Monroe, Louisiana

Gayle Steen, altar cloth maker, Clarksdale, Mississippi

Martha Weissinger, christening gown maker, Greenville, Mississippi

Worship Stage

Penola Caesar, lined-out hymns, Monroe, Louisiana

THE GERALD LEWIS SINGERS, Gospel -- THE GERALD LEWIS SINGERS, GospelBilly Bays, electric guitar, bass guitar, Crossett, ArkansasRenee Calongne, vocals, W. Monroe, LouisianaKelvin Clark, electric guitar, W. Monroe, LouisianaFreedona Dobbins, vocals, W. Monroe, LouisianaAllan Eppinette, electric guitar, bass guitar, Monroe, LouisianaNick Ezell, steel guitar, Bastrop, LouisianaChuck Harris, drums, Bastrop, LouisianaGerald Lewis, piano, Monroe, Louisiana

MARVIN MYLES FAMILY, Gospel -- MARVIN MYLES FAMILY, GospelKeith Myles, vocals, Washington, D.C.LaShondra Myles, vocals, Lyon, MississippiRev. Marvin Myles, vocals, Lyon, MississippiMarvin Myles, II, vocals, Lyon, MississippiMelvin Myles, vocals, Lyon, MississippiOlivia Myles, coordinator, Lyon, MississippiSamantha Myles, vocals, Lyon, MississippiMichael Thomas, keyboards, Clarksdale, Mississippi

Reverend Willie Morganfield, oratory skills, Clarksdale, Mississippi

Brother Phillip Payne, oratory skills, Lake Village, Arkansas

REVELATORS, Gospel -- REVELATORS, GospelGene Coghlan, vocals, Drew, MississippiJim Ellis, vocals, guitar, Drew, MississippiCarl Massengail, guitar, banjo, vocals, Jayess, MississippiHerbie Swain, vocals, guitar, Cleveland, Mississippi

WINNSBORO EASTER ROCK ENSEMBLE, Winnsboro, Louisiana -- WINNSBORO EASTER ROCK ENSEMBLE, Winnsboro, LouisianaHattie M. AddisonLaketa AddisonBooker T. BurkhalterSheila JacksonJimmy JonesTammie LynchShirley SpearsRev. Lionell Wilson
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1997, Series 3
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk545f41015-59a1-46cd-8c69-0edcef86ffaa
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1997-ref26

Festival Recordings: Camp Narrative: Hunting Stories; Willing to Take a Risk

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Mississippi Delta Program 1997 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Howard, Timothea, 1953-2017 (recorder)  Search this
Golden, Justin (recorder)  Search this
Performer:
Neill, Bob  Search this
Richenbach, Butch  Search this
Vaughn, Sydney  Search this
Brown, Bubba  Search this
Branton, Harry William  Search this
Russell, Oren  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
compact audio cassette
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Anglo-American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Mississippi
Arkansas
Stuttgart (Ark.)
Leland (Miss.)
Louisiana
Baton Rouge (La.)
Lake Providence (La.)
Date:
1997 June 29
Track Information:
101 Hunting Stories / Bob Neill, Butch Richenbach, Sydney Vaughn.

102 Willing To Take a Risk / Bubba Brown, Harry William Branton, Oren Russell.
Local Numbers:
FP-1997-CT-0106-7
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, June 29, 1997.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. SI Permission.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
Oral history  Search this
Dismemberment  Search this
Birdsongs  Search this
Ducks  Search this
Hunting  Search this
Towboats  Search this
Cropdusting  Search this
Maritime  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
River boats  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1997, Item FP-1997-CT-0106
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife / Series 3: The Mississippi Delta / Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5d72c299e-b234-48cb-ae63-c786b1774e8a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1997-ref991

Original Brief on Behalf of New Orleans Coal and Bisso Towboat Co.

Collection Creator:
United Telegraph Workers.  Search this
Western Union Telegraph Company  Search this
Container:
Box B-43
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
This subseries is in storage off-site. Contact Archives Center for terms of access.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Western Union Telegraph Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Western Union Telegraph Company Records
Western Union Telegraph Company Records / Series 11: Law Department Records / 11.2: Law Department Publications
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8658d74c8-2ad9-4471-8da4-4668aba208b0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0205-ref6646

Supplemental Brief on Behalf of New Orleans Coal and Bisso Towboat Co.

Collection Creator:
United Telegraph Workers.  Search this
Western Union Telegraph Company  Search this
Container:
Box B-43
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
This subseries is in storage off-site. Contact Archives Center for terms of access.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Western Union Telegraph Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Western Union Telegraph Company Records
Western Union Telegraph Company Records / Series 11: Law Department Records / 11.2: Law Department Publications
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep807be766a-8fd6-47cd-8b76-2678b9408a30
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0205-ref6648

Iowa - Community Style

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Introduction:
Iowa is an icon of American heartland values. Its main-street towns and farmlands evoke a peaceful vision of America, where the drama of deep personal relationships quietly unfolds. But Iowa is also home to agribusiness, high-tech, and high-skill industries that manufacture computerized combines and fiber optics, and to high-quality service industries from education to insurance. Not without dynamic tensions and social, demographic, and occupational changes, Iowa in its sesquicentennial year of 1996 fostered and nurtured a quiet but steadfast civic pride that turned out whole towns for girls' basketball games, propelled youth into 4-H clubs and adults into volunteer fire companies and social clubs, and joined residents around a morning coffee table, on a Saturday night dance floor, or in a Sunday school.

Anyone who witnessed the great floods of 1993, who saw exhausted neighbor helping neighbor, cannot be unmoved by the prevailing sense of community held by the people of Iowa. This sense of community was celebrated by the Festival program on the Mall in the Nation's Capital, and was also evident back in Iowa for the first Festival of Iowa Folklife held on the grounds of the State Capitol Building in Des Moines in August, and in a Smithsonian Folkways recording, Iowa Public Television documentary, and educational materials growing from the Festival and distributed to Iowans in the months following the Festival.

The Sesquicentennial year offered a chance to recognize the value of an Iowa that nurtures neighborliness in groups of people - no matter how diverse - who share common concerns and hopes; an Iowa that supports the vital social fabric of relationships on the local level; and an Iowa that validates an underlying belief in the viability of democratic community - all of which have provided such a prominent legacy for the state.

The Festival program highlighted the vibrant and diverse cultures of Iowa through the excellence, knowledge, and artistry of its people and offered an opportunity to observe the dynamism of community in the truest sense of the word. The Festival program also recalled the responsibility all Americans have to believe that our public culture and its active celebration through community are valuable and must be supported, if we are to have a future worth living for.

Catherine Hiebert Kerst was Program Curator for the Smithsonian Institution and Rachelle H. Saltzman was Program Curator for the Iowa Arts Council; Arlene Reiniger served as Program Coordinator.

Iowa - Community Style was made possible by and was produced in cooperation with the Iowa Sesquicentennial Commission and the Iowa Arts Council on the occasion of Iowa's 150th anniversary of statehood. Iowa corporate partners included the HON INDUSTRIES Charitable Foundation; John Deere; The Principal Financial Group Foundation, Inc.; and Barr-Nunn Transportation, Inc.
Fieldworkers:
Becky Allgood, American Indian Center - Sioux City, John Berquist, Jay Black, Phyllis Carlin, Cathy Carlyle, Casa Latina - Sioux City, Patricia Civitate, Rex Coble, Ginger Cunningham, Karen Downing, Kristin Elmquist, Tom Evans, Sheri Flanigan, April Frantz, Janet Gilmore, Twila Glenn, Gregory Hansen, Loren Horton, Rich Horwitz, Iowa Academy of Family Physicians, Iowa Commission on the Status of African Americans, Iowa Nurses' Association, Italian American Cultural Center - Des Moines, Donald Jonjack, Cornelia Kennedy, Lee Kline, Mark Knudsen, Mike Koppert, Labor Institute for Workforce Development, Catherine Lewis, Jack Libbey, Jean Lowder, Nancy Michael, Dave Moore, Jerri Morgan and John DeWall, Arnold T. Nielsen, Jane Nielsen, Carla Offenburger, Harry Oster, Janet Parrish, Paula Plasencia, Max Quaas, Harley Refsal, Stephen D. Richards, Maria Alícia Rodríguez, Janice Rosenberg, Erin Roth, Beth Hoven Ratto, Tomasa Salas, Earl Sampson, Cynthia Schmidt, Jim Skurdal, Kumsan Ryu Song, Barb Trish, Caroline Trumpold, Rose Marie Vasquez, Sarah Walker, Theresa Walker, Priscilla L. Wanatee, Cliff Weston, Mike Wiseman, Larry Wood, Michael Zahs
Presenters:
Howard Bass, Phyllis Carlin, Harold Closter, Loren Horton, Richard Horwitz, Rich Kennedy, Catherine Hiebert Kerst, Lee Kline, Jack Libbey, Dave Moore, Leroy Morton, Carla Offenburger, Chuck Offenburger, Deb Ohrn, Steven Ohrn, Beth Ratto, Rachelle H. Saltzman, Cynthia Schmidt, Cliff Weston, Michael Zahs
Participants:
Performance Traditions

BECKY & THE IVANHOE DUTCHMEN -- Becky Livermore, 1970-, accordion, vocals, Cedar Rapids, IowaTerry Ard, vocals, trumpet, banjo, guitar, Ely, IowaDan Davies, trumpet, trombone, vocals, Amana, IowaRod Davies, tuba, bass, horn, Mt. Vernon, IowaChuck Stastny, drums, Yankton, South Dakota

Daisy Dell Benge, 1925-, mandolin, guitar, Winterset, Iowa

Eddie Benge, 1919-, fiddle, banjo, Winterset, Iowa

Kevin Burt, 1968-, vocals, Coralville, Iowa

Matt Panek, 1968-, guitar, Iowa City, Iowa

THE DEER CREEK QUARTET -- Sid Rowland, vocals, Wellman, IowaRay Bender, vocals, banjo, Kalona, IowaLuetta Ropp, piano, vocals, Wellman, IowaDoug Yoder, vocals, Kalona, Iowa

Guy Drollinger, 1952-, fiddle, guitar, banjo, dulcimer, Iowa City, Iowa

Hanna Drollinger, 1984-, fiddle, Iowa City, Iowa

Glenda Farrier, cowgirl poet, Atlantic, Iowa

FOOT-NOTES -- Beth Hoven Rotto, fiddle, vocals, Decorah, IowaBill Musser, acoustic bass, vocals, Decorah, IowaJon Rotto, guitar, vocals, Decorah, IowaJim Skurdal, mandolin, vocals, Decorah, Iowa

EVERETT KAPAYOU AND THE MESKWAKI SINGERS -- Everett Kapayou, vocals, hand drum, Tama, IowaDennis Keahna, Jr., vocals, Tama, IowaRick Keahna, Sr., vocals, Tama, IowaVerlyn Keahna, vocals, Tama, Iowa

THE KARL L. KING MUNICIPAL BAND, Fort Dodge -- Keith Altemier, Fort Dodge, IowaAlan Bridge, Fort Dodge, IowaDan Cassady, Fort Dodge, IowaMartin Crandell, Fort Dodge, IowaHarold Dean, Fort Dodge, IowaMerry Dick, Fort Dodge, IowaJohn Erickson, Fort Dodge, IowaGary Evans, Fort Dodge, IowaDianna Hanna, Fort Dodge, IowaLee Hood, Fort Dodge, IowaMary Jane Johnson, Fort Dodge, IowaInga Lang, Fort Dodge, IowaMonte Leichsenring, Fort Dodge, IowaValerie Mohring, Fort Dodge, IowaStacie Nichols, Fort Dodge, IowaDuane Olson, 1932-, Fort Dodge, IowaNancy Olson, Fort Dodge, IowaLynn Ringnalda, Fort Dodge, IowaRandy Ringnalda, Fort Dodge, IowaRoger Ringnalda, Fort Dodge, IowaRyan Ringnalda, Fort Dodge, IowaDonna Schive, Fort Dodge, IowaAdam Schroeder, Fort Dodge, IowaJoe Seykora, Fort Dodge, IowaDavid Swaroff, Fort Dodge, IowaHarlan Van de Berg, Fort Dodge, Iowa

Dwight Lamb, 1934-, fiddle, button accordion, Onawa, Iowa

Lloyd Snow, 1924-2004, guitar, Castana, Iowa

LOUIS AND THE BLUES REVIEW -- Louis McTizic, 1936-, blues harmonica, vocals, Waterloo, IowaSam Cockhern, bass, Waterloo, IowaToby Cole, keyboards, Waterloo, IowaMichael Flack, drums, Cedar Falls, IowaFrank Howard, keyboards, Iowa City, IowaBarry Schneiderman, lead guitar, Cedar Falls, IowaEtheleen Wright, rhythm guitar, vocals, Waterloo, Iowa

THE MATNEY SISTERS -- Shelley Matney Bell, 1959-, guitar, vocals, Dakota City, NebraskaJaimee Haugen, guitar, autoharp, vocals, Gilmore City, IowaHarley Matney, guitar, Dakota City, NebraskaPam Ostapoff, vocals, Sioux City, IowaChris Ramsey, guitar, vocals, Sioux City, Iowa

ERNIE PENISTON BAND -- Ernie Peniston, vocals, Muscatine, IowaJoe Collins, guitar, West Chicago, Illinois

PSALMS -- Ronald Teague, director, keyboards, Coralville, IowaMarcus Beets, drums, Cedar Rapids, IowaAllen Bell, vocals, Cedar Rapids, IowaSharilyn Bell, 1951-, vocals, Cedar Rapids, IowaMike Cole, vocals, Cedar Rapids, IowaSandy Reed, 1949-, vocals, Cedar Rapids, IowaPaul Tillman, vocals, Cedar Rapids, Iowa

SOLIS AND SOLIS, West Liberty -- Adalberto Solis, 1963-, guitar, vocals, West Liberty, IowaEugenio Solis, 1946-, guitar, vocals, West Liberty, Iowa

Craft Traditions

Annette Andersen, 1934-, Danish handwork traditions, Kimballton, Iowa

Nadine Big Bear, 1947-, Meskwaki bead worker, Moutour, Iowa

Frances Brewton, 1905-2005, quilter, Des Moines, Iowa

Maria Elizondo, -- quinceañera -- doll-maker, West Liberty, Iowa

Choua Her, 1975-, Hmong traditions, Oskaloosa, Iowa

Shoua Her, Hmong traditions, Oskaloosa, Iowa

Steve Kerper, 1950-, duck decoy carver, New Vienna, Iowa

Bill Metz, 1933-, Amana tinsmith, Middle Amana, Iowa

Marjorie Nejdl, 1936-, Czech egg decorator, Cedar Rapids, Iowa

Dominic Rizzuti, 1920-, Italian ornamental ironworker, Des Moines, Iowa

Sam Rizzuti, Italian ornamental ironworker, Des Moines, Iowa

Rod Seitz, scroll-saw clock maker, Decorah, Iowa

Karma Sorensen, 1936-, Danish needle worker, Kimballton, Iowa

John Sutcliffe, 1916-1997, woodcarver, storyteller, Audubon, Iowa

Caroline Trumpold, 1932-, Amana quilter, Middle Amana, Iowa

Dorothy Trumpold, 1912-, Amana rug hooking, Amana, Iowa

Jean Adeline Wanatee, Meskwaki finger weaver, Tama, Iowa

Foodways Traditions

Julie Anderson, butchering, meat smoking, Stanhope, Iowa

Richard Anderson, butchering, meat smoking, Stanhope, Iowa

Loretta Hegeman, Dutch foodways, Orange City, Iowa

Elaine Kane, Dutch foodways, Orange City, Iowa

Edward Nejdl, 1932-, Czech baker, Cedar Rapids, Iowa

Bill Ohringer, 1952-, Jewish foodways, West Des Moines, Iowa

Eunice Stoen, Norwegian foodways, Decorah, Iowa

Jane Willie, 1967-, cafe foodways, St. Olaf, Iowa

Occupational Traditions

William Beacom, 1940-, towboat captain, Sioux City, Iowa

Evelyn Birkby, radio homemaker, Sidney, Iowa

Bruce Brock, 1950-, auctioneer, LeMars, Iowa

John Burns, insurance representative, West Des Moines, Iowa

Kevin Crim, caucus organizer, Grinnell, Iowa

Alice Duccini, 1943-, net knitting, clamming, commercial fishing, Dubuque, Iowa

John Duccini, 1942-, net knitting, clamming, commercial fishing, Dubuque, Iowa

Terry Gholson, safety manager, Barr-Nunn Transportation, Granger, Iowa

Ed Hanes, 1932-, boat builder, Clear Lake, Iowa

Cheryl Johnson, 1956-, family physician, New Liberty, Iowa

Lee Kline, radio, broadcaster, Des Moines, Iowa

Roger Krugmeier, tool and die worker, Lockridge, Iowa

Jack Libbey, towboat captain, Lansing, Iowa

Matt Meagher, marketing and public relations, Barr-Nunn Transportation, Granger, Iowa

The Mehmen Family (Karmen, Stanley, Kelsi, Kerryann, Kyle), farming, Plainfield, Iowa

Kevin Moore, family physician, Des Moines, Iowa

Leroy F. Morton, 1920-, newspaper writer, West Okoboji, Iowa

Kent Rosenberg, insurance representative, Des Moines, Iowa

Bob Smith, trucker, Kirkville, Iowa

Howard Lewis Titterington, 1927-, seed salesman, Milford, Iowa

The Williams Family (Bruce, Donna, Abbey, Josh, Aaron), farming, Villisca, Iowa

THE JOHN DEERE ASSEMBLY -- Art Abend, senior marketing representative in aftermarket parts, Waverly, IowaLynn Arthur, pattern maker, Mount Auburn, IowaMike Hankins, manager of product information and training, Buckingham, IowaMike Lindaman, marketing representative, Waterloo, IowaTed Schaefer, tractor master, Waterloo, IowaMary Swehla, visitors' services coordinator, Waterloo, IowaSteve Towlerton, senior marketing representative for 90-150 horsepower tractors, Waterloo, Iowa

Sports Traditions

Jody Maske, basketball coach, Newell, Iowa

Casey Clark, basketball player, Atlantic, Iowa

Linda Lappe, basketball player, Morning Sun, Iowa

AJ Nelson, 1979-, basketball player, Newell, Iowa

Katie Sorrell, basketball player, Crawfordsville, Iowa

Sara Stribe, basketball player, Carrol, Iowa

Jacque Voss, basketball player, Carrol, Iowa

Christi Williams, 1980-, basketball player, Storm Lake, Iowa
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1996 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1996, Series 3
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1996 Festival of American Folklife
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk598588ceb-a361-4230-abf0-e6af6457894b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1996-ref25

Libby (Fieldworker) – 1 of 3 – Charlie Lytle (Towboat Engineer)

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Date:
1995-1996
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1996 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1996, Item FP-1996-CT-0880
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1996 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1996 Festival of American Folklife / Series 3: Iowa - Community Style / Fieldwork
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk50b501b7c-3402-4d5c-9381-31f83938a717
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1996-ref3441

[Trade catalogs from Dravo Corp.]

Company Name:
Dravo Corp.  Search this
Related companies:
Machinery Div. - Heater Dept. ; Contracting Div. ; Engineering Works Div. ; Dravo Water & Waste Treatment Div. ; Keystone Sand Div. ; Dravo-Doyle Co. (subsidiary) ; Union Barge Line Corp. (subsidiary) ; Charleroi Supply Co. (subsidiary) ; Fullerton-Portsmouth Bridge Co. (subsidiary) ; Dravo Contracting Co. (subsidiary) ; Southern Transfer Co. (subsidiary) ; Inland Rivers Wharf Co. ; Standard Builders Supply Co. ; Eastern Ohio Sand and Supply Co. ; Gibbs & Hill.  Search this
Notes content:
Steel towboats and barges ; dredges ; car floats ; lighters ; dump scows ; marine railways ; dry docks ; revolving cranes ; floating cranes ; material handling bridges ; "Dravo" direct fired heaters ; space heaters ; bulk materials handling equipment ; engineering services for underground coal mining ; sludge dewatering packages ; refractory services ; hydrometallurgical processing ; "identometers" for rapid identification of steel ; energy plant engineers ; urban architecture construction ; transporation construction ; etc.
Includes:
Trade catalog, photographs and histories
Black and white images
Color images
Physical description:
74 pieces; 2 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Mining machinery; equipment and supplies  Search this
Electrical apparatus and equipment  Search this
Heating; ventilation and air conditioning  Search this
Foundries; supplies and equipment  Search this
Materials handling equipment (includes barrels; bottling and filling; casters; chains; etc.)  Search this
Boats and ships (including marine hardware and supplies)  Search this
Industrial equipment or mechanical machinery (including supplies and components)  Search this
Iron and steel products (castings; sheet steel; steel wire; wire rope; pig iron and structural steel products )  Search this
Railroad; streetcar; subway and tramway equipment and supplies  Search this
Waste Management (including water treatment; recycling; refuse collection; industrial waste; etc.)  Search this
Engineering consultants and contractors  Search this
Nuclear materials and technologies  Search this
Topic:
"Recycling (Waste, etc.)"  Search this
Air conditioning  Search this
Barrels  Search this
Boats and boating  Search this
Bottling  Search this
Consulting engineers  Search this
Electric apparatus and appliances  Search this
Engineers  Search this
Foundries  Search this
Heating  Search this
Heating and ventilation industry  Search this
Industrial equipment  Search this
Iron industry and trade  Search this
Machinery  Search this
Marine machinery  Search this
Mining machinery industry  Search this
Nuclear energy  Search this
Nuclear engineering -- Instruments  Search this
Nuclear industry  Search this
Nuclear power plants  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Refuse and refuse disposal  Search this
Refuse disposal industry  Search this
Ships  Search this
Steel industry and trade  Search this
Street-railroads  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_13463
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_13463

[Trade catalogs from Ingalls Iron Works Co.]

Company Name:
Ingalls Iron Works Co.  Search this
Related companies:
Ingalls Shipbuilding Corp.; Steel Construction Co.; Birmingham Tank Co.  Search this
Notes content:
Steel. Ships; barges; dredges; towboats.
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Color images
Physical description:
9 pieces; 2 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Birmingham, Alabama, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Boats and ships (including marine hardware and supplies)  Search this
Foundries; supplies and equipment  Search this
Iron and steel products (castings; sheet steel; steel wire; wire rope; pig iron and structural steel products )  Search this
Topic:
Boats and boating  Search this
Foundries  Search this
Iron industry and trade  Search this
Marine machinery  Search this
Ships  Search this
Steel industry and trade  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_21387
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_21387

[Trade catalogs from James Rees & Sons Co.]

Variant company name:
Founded 1845 ; Incorporated 1895  Search this
Company Name:
James Rees & Sons Co.  Search this
Notes content:
1913 ; iron and steel hull freight and passenger steamers, tugboats, dredgeboats, towboats, and barges ; marine and land engines ; boilers ; unique drawings, diagrams, and photos of period marine craft, craft construction, and factory settings ;
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
2 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Engines and motors: steam; oil; gas; etc.  Search this
Business services (advertising; marketing; organizational management; etc.)  Search this
Boats and ships (including marine hardware and supplies)  Search this
Furnaces and boilers  Search this
Topic:
Boats and boating  Search this
Boilers  Search this
Engines  Search this
Furnaces  Search this
Marine machinery  Search this
Motors  Search this
Ships  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_9897
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_9897

Rigged Model, Towboat Jack D. Wofford

Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
metal (part: rigging material)
Measurements:
overall: 15 in x 42 in x 10 in; 38.1 cm x 106.68 cm x 25.4 cm
Object Name:
model, tow boat
Other Terms:
model, tow boat; Maritime; Diesel
Date made:
1977
Related event:
Postwar United States  Search this
Contemporary United States  Search this
Related Publication:
On the Water online exhibition
Related Web Publication:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater
Credit Line:
Gift of Jack D. Wofford
ID Number:
TR.336154
Catalog number:
336154
Accession number:
1977.0638
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Maritime
Work
Transportation
On the Water exhibit
Exhibition:
On the Water
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-72f5-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_842585

Model of Towboat Valley Belle

Measurements:
overall: 10 in x 29 in x 6 in; 25.4 cm x 73.66 cm x 15.24 cm
Object Name:
boat, river
model, river boat
Other Terms:
boat, river; Maritime
Date made:
1970
Related event:
The Development of the Industrial United States  Search this
Related Publication:
On the Water online exhibition
Related Web Publication:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater
ID Number:
TR.330213
Catalog number:
330213
Accession number:
288672
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Maritime
Work
Industry & Manufacturing
Transportation
On the Water exhibit
Exhibition:
On the Water
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ac-00f2-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_844166

Bryant’s New Showboat

Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 9 in x 33 in x 7 in; 22.86 cm x 83.82 cm x 17.78 cm
Object Name:
model, boat
Other Terms:
Show
Date made:
1976
Related event:
The Emergence of Modern America  Search this
Related Publication:
On the Water online exhibition
Related Web Publication:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater
ID Number:
TR.335568
Catalog number:
335568
Accession number:
1977.0630
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Maritime
Energy & Power
Work
Industry & Manufacturing
Transportation
On the Water exhibit
Art
Exhibition:
On the Water
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-8da9-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_844167

Model, Stern Wheel Steel Towboat

Object Name:
Boat, Tow
Other Terms:
Boat, Tow; Maritime; Steam
ID Number:
TR.321528
Catalog number:
321528
Accession number:
245715
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Maritime
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-8daa-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_844168

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