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Photographs relating to American Indians and buildings

Photographer:
Cross, W. R. (William R.)  Search this
Dinwiddie, William, 1867-1934  Search this
Gill, De Lancey, 1859-1940  Search this
Matteson, Sumner W., 1867-1920  Search this
Mcbride, C. C.  Search this
Smillie, T. W. (Thomas William), 1843-1917  Search this
Extent:
49 Prints (albumen and silver gelatin)
5 Copy prints
3 Prints (collotype)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Wanapum Indians  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Salish Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Copy prints
Photographs
Place:
Deadwood (S.D.)
Fort Cummings (N.M.)
White Earth Indian Reservation (Minn.)
Florida
West Virginia
Salt Lake City (Utah)
New Mexico
Charleston (S.C.)
Utah
Washington (State)
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of various subjects, including portraits of American Indians made from negatives by the Bureau of American Ethnology and United States National Museum. Depicted individuals include Lamar Richards (also known as Ostin, Tonkawa) and Grant Richards (also known as Sentele, Tonkawa); Turning Hawk, Crow Dog, Spot Tail, Red Leaf, and White Thunder. There are also images of Shuswap Indians dressing hides; Smohalla and Sokulk followers at Priests Rapids, Washington; and American Indians around a campfire at Fort Marion, Florida.

Additionally, there are photographs of St. Columba's Church, White Earth Reservation, Minnesota; Otoe Industrial School; a chapel at the Cheyenne Mowerʹs place, with Mower's son; a sketch of Fort Cummings, New Mexico; buildings and a mound at Charleston, West Virginia; the Tabernacle at Salt Lake City; an American Indian camp with hides drying; American Indians dragging brush in preparation of a medicine lodge; and a wood engraving of a Dakota Ghost Dance, taken from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper.

Photographers include William Dinwiddie; De Lancey W. Gill; Sumner W. Matteson; Thomas William Smillie; Cross, of Hot Springs, South Dakota; and C. C. McBride.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 66F
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs by Dinwiddie can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 78, Photo Lot 89, Photo Lot 141A, Photo Lot 144, Photo Lot 80-18, the BAE historical negatives, and the Herbert William Krieger Papers.
Additional Gill photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 33, Photo Lot 65, Photo Lot 70, Photo Lot 85, Photo Lot 79-4, Photo Lot 87-2P, and Photo Lot 90-1.
The National Museum of the American Indian Archives holds the Sumner W. Matteson collection of photographs, negatives and lantern slides.
Additional Smillie photographs held in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 79, and the BAE historical negatives. The Archives Center, National Museum of American History also holds the Frances Benjamin Johnston and Thomas W. Smillie Glass Plate Negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Camps  Search this
Mounds  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 66F, Photographs relating to American Indians and buildings, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.66F
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-66f

United States Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls

Creator:
Army Medical Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Collector:
Billings, John Shaw, 1838-1913  Search this
Hayden, F. V. (Ferdinand Vandeveer), 1829-1887  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Rolleston, George, 1829-1881  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F.  Search this
Depicted:
Guiteau, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1841-1882  Search this
Extent:
100 Negatives (circa, glass)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Ute Indians -- depicted  Search this
Chinook  Search this
Choptank Indians -- depicted  Search this
Dakota Indians -- depicted  Search this
Eskimos -- depicted  Search this
Tonkawa Indians -- depicted  Search this
Africans -- United States -- depicted  Search this
Potawatomi Indians -- depicted  Search this
Taiwan aborigines -- depicted  Search this
Pomo Indians -- depicted  Search this
Taiwanese -- depicted  Search this
Pueblo Indians -- depicted  Search this
Nisqually Indians -- depicted  Search this
Hawaiians -- depicted  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Photographs
Date:
probably 1870s-1880s
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of skulls in the United States Army Medical Museum collection, which appear to have been collected for physical anthropological purposes. Included are archeological remains and remains of historical American Indian tribes and some other ethnic groups. Other than tribe or location, data for the specimens include Army Medical Museum specimen number, AMM negative number, and sex; for some, there is also collection data and information on physical or medical conditions. There are also notes identifying donors who included army officers, physicians, scientists, and explorers such as Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden, Edward Palmer, Frederic Ward Putnam, George Rolleston, Paul Schumacher, and many others. Some of the photographs may have been made as part of the Army Medical Museumʹs program of distributing images of its specimens.

Represented are Africans, Chinook, Choptank, Dakota, Eskimo of Greenland, Taiwanese peoples, Hawaiians, Hidatsa, Nisqually, Philippine peoples, Ponca, Potowatomi, Pueblo, Tonkawa, and Ute. Archeological specimens are from the Aleutian Islands, California, the Dakotas, England (Roman period), Florida, Illinois, Mississippi, New Mexico, Peru, Vancouver Island, and Vermont. For some, there is also information about the status or physical condition of the individual or observations of medical conditions shown in the specimens. Some additional photographs appear to show specimens at the American Museum of Natural History.
Biographical/Historical note:
The United States Army Medical Museum (AMM, renamed the National Museum of Health and Medicine in 1989) was established by US Army Surgeon General William A. Hammond in 1862. Its initial focus was on collecting specimens of unusual pathology, mostly taken from victims of the American Civil War. By 1867, the museum had expanded to include medical, microsopical, anatomical, comparative anatomics, and other sections. The anatomical collection grew in part as a result of Circular No. 2 of 1867, which authorized military medical officers to collect cranial specimens from deceased American Indians. Additionally, the AMM made an arrangement with the Smithsonian Institution, by which the Smithsonian transferred their collection of human remains in exchange for ethnological artifacts. AMM photographed and measured many of the specimens in its collection as part of the museum's anthropological research.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 73-26C, NAA Photo Lot 73-26D
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs previously filed in Photo Lot 73-26D have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 73-26C. These are also Army Medical Museum negatives of skulls and form part of this collection.
Additional Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 6A, Photo Lot 6B, Photo Lot 78-42, Photo Lot 83-41, and Photo Lot 97.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 73-26C, United States Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.73-26C
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-73-26c

MS 593-a Muskoki Names; Muskoki Chiefs and Officers in 1861; Other Indian Names including Comanche, Wichita, Caddo, Tonkawa, and Delaware

Creator:
Pike, Albert, 1809-1891  Search this
Extent:
4 Pages
Culture:
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 593-a
General:
In Pilling BAE Bull. 9, 1889, p. 63
Topic:
Names, Personal -- Creek  Search this
Names -- Creek  Search this
Names -- Comanche  Search this
Names -- Wichita  Search this
Names -- Caddo  Search this
Names -- Tonkawa  Search this
Names -- Delaware  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 593-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS593A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms593a

MS 4945 Letter to John R Swanton

Creator:
Bolton, Herbert Eugene, 1870-1953  Search this
Addressee:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
2 Pages
Culture:
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Karankawa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
November 7, 1906
Scope and Contents:
Letter requests tribal identifications for an enclosed list of personal names of Indians from an unspecified source. Also includes Enclosure: Typescript document (with A. notations by Swanton). 11 pages. Work sheet by Swanton: personal names exrtracted from Bolton's list. [1906.] Typescript document with A. annotations. 2 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4945
Local Note:
Autograph letter signed
Topic:
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Names, Personal  Search this
Karankawa Indians  Search this
Names, Personal  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4945, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4945
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4945

MS 4274-a Copy of Gatschet's Tonkawa Texts

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
22 Pages
Culture:
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Copied from Manuscript Number 1008, A. S. Gatschet's handwritten notebook, beginning on page 31. Texts in Manuscript Number 1008 are not consecutive but are mixed with pages of linguistic and ethnographic material.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4274-a
Local Note:
typescript document with A. notations
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4274-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4274A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4274a

MS 4274-b Tonkawa vocabulary notes

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
17 Pages
Culture:
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1910-1917
Biographical / Historical:
Swanton worked with the Tonkawa between 1910 and 1917, according to Bureau of American Ethnology-AR 32, page 18 and AR 38, page 5.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4274-b
Local Note:
autograph document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4274-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4274B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4274b

MS 4121 Comparative vocabularies of Southeastern and Gulf Languages

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
90 Pages
57 Items (cards )
Culture:
Alibamu  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
American Indian -- Southeast  Search this
Atakapa  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Comecrudo  Search this
Cotoname  Search this
Coushatta (Koasati)  Search this
Chitimacha  Search this
Tunica Indians  Search this
Natchez Indians  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Hitchiti  Search this
Timucua Indians  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Karankawa Indians  Search this
Coahuiltec  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1916-1917
Scope and Contents:
Contents: "Key to Comparative vocabularies," a numerical key to English equivalents of the Indian terms in the vocabularies. Typescript and autograph document. 2 pages. Comparative vocabulary of Natchez, Tunica, Chitimacha, and Attacapa. Autograph document. 22 pages. Comparative vocabulary of Creek, Choctaw, Alabama, and Hitchiti. Autograph document. 23 pages. Comparative vocabulary of Tonkawa, Comecrudo, Coahuilteco, Cotoname, and Karankawa. Autograph document. 22 pages. Comparative vocabulary of Koasati, Creek, Hitchiti, Alabama, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Natchez. Typescript and autograph document. 2 pages. Comparative vocabulary of Timucua and other Southeastern languages. Typescript and Autograph document. 19 pages. Comparison of Natchez vocabulary, phonology and structure with other Muskhogean languages. Typescript Document with A. notations. 57 cards.
Biographical / Historical:
According to Bureau of American Ethnology-AR 38, pages 5-6, Swanton worked on a comparative vocabulary of these languages in 1916-1917.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4121
Local Note:
typescript and autograph document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Atakapa  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4121, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4121
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4121
Online Media:

MS 3826 Letters to A. S. Gatschet, concerning Bernard Romans' map of southeastern U. S. in 1773; Choctaw place names; the Tonkawa of Texas, and Tonkawa Chief Placido

Creator:
Halbert, Henry S. (Henry Sale), 1837-1916  Search this
Correspondent:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Riley, Franklin L. (Franklin Lafayette), 1868-1929  Search this
Names:
Plácido, -1862  Search this
Romans, Bernard, 1741?-approximately 1784  Search this
Extent:
32 Pages
Culture:
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
April 17, 1900-June 1, 1901
Scope and Contents:
Includes letter from F. L. Riley, writing for Halbert, to A.S. Gatschet concerning Romans' map, University, Mississippi, June 25, 1900, typescript letter, signed, 1 page. The Tonkawa data are contained in the letters of August 17, 1900, 4 pages and August 23, 1900, 4 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3826
Local Note:
autograph letter signed
Topic:
Names, place -- Choctaw  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3826, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3826
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3826

MS 3448 Miscellaneous notes and extracts relating to the Tonkawa and related tribes

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Confederate States of America. War Department  Search this
Names:
United States. (1846 May 15)  Search this
Extent:
53 Items (ca. 53 pages)
Culture:
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Waco -- Treaty of 1846  Search this
Tonkawa -- Treaty of 1846  Search this
Wichita -- Treaty of 1846  Search this
Tawakoni -- Treaty of 1846  Search this
Kichai -- Treaty of 1846  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Includes the following: Notes on slips, cards, and sheets of various sizes, about 24 pages, handwritten, and very difficult to read; includes 1 easily legible page, "Tonkawa Bands, Subtribes or Clans." Extracts from various published sources, 21 pages, typed; includes Report of the Secretary of War [Confederate], War Department, Richmond, January 3, 1863, 8 pages. Ratification by President James K. Polk of Treaty of May 15, 1846, 8 pages, printed. Lists names of Indian signers of the treaty from the following tribes: Comanche, Waco, Keeche, Tonkaway, Wicheta, Towa-karro.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3448
Topic:
Treaties -- Comanche  Search this
Treaties -- Waco  Search this
Treaties -- Kichai  Search this
Treaties -- Tonkawa  Search this
Treaties -- Wichita  Search this
Treaties -- Tawakoni  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3448, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3448
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3448

MS 3437 Nomina verbalia with their verb-bases. Extracted as examples for the Bureau of American Ethnology from (chiefly) North American languages

Collector:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Extent:
24 Pages
Culture:
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Peoria Indians  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Penobscot Indians  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Hidatsa Indians  Search this
Cree  Search this
Maya  Search this
Micmac Indians  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Passamaquoddy Indians  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Isleta Indians  Search this
Peoria Indians  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Quiche  Search this
Nahuatl  Search this
Kechua  Search this
Kataba  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1895
Scope and Contents:
Grammatical terms: Terms expressing actors, actions, etc. in the following dialects: Page: 2. Isleta 3. Arapaho 4. Nahuatl 5. Delaware 6. Penobscot 7. Passamaquoddy 8. Maya 9. Quiche 10. Kechua 11. Ojibwa 12. Kataba 13, 18, 24. Tonkawa 14. Dakota 15. Shawnee 16. Peoria 17. Blackfoot 19. Cree 20. Micmac 21. Peoria 22. Hidatsa 23. Wichita.
Includes 1 page (page 14) on Dakota and 1 page (page 22) on Hidatsa.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3437
Local Note:
autograph document signed
Topic:
Vocabularies -- American Indian  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Illinois  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3437, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3437
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3437

MS 2609 Tonkawa-English vocabulary

Creator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Extent:
1,700 Items (cards )
Culture:
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2609
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2609, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2609
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2609

MS 2448 Tonkawa-English and English-Tonkawa dictionary, prepared from Tonkawa-English dictionary of A. S. Gatschet (NAA Manuscript 2609)

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
2,400 Items (ca. 2400 cards)
Culture:
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Box 1: Tonkawa-English; Box 2: English-Tonkawa.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2448
Local Note:
typescript document with A. notations
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2448, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2448
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2448

MS 249 Various extracts from the State Archives of Texas (in Austin, Texas), referring to the history and social condition of Indians

Collector:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Extent:
33 Pages
Culture:
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Muskogean Indians  Search this
Algonquin (Algonkin)  Search this
Iroquoian  Search this
Athapaskan  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Shoshonean Indians  Search this
Muskhogean  Search this
Natchesan Indians  Search this
Tonkawa  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
January 1885
Scope and Contents:
References to Algonquian, Athapascan, Caddoan, Iroquoian, Kiowan, Muskhogean, Natchesan, Shoshonean and Tonkawan tribes.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 249
General:
Previously titled "Extracts from Texas Archives."
Topic:
Athabaskan  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Algonquin  Search this
Natchezan  Search this
Texas  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 249, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS249
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms249

MS 1353 Letter to J.C. Pilling

Creator:
Hadley, Lewis F. (Lewis Francis)  Search this
Pilling, James Constantine, 1846-1895  Search this
Extent:
6 Pages
Culture:
Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
October 19, 1885
Scope and Contents:
Commenting on the vocabularies of the Cherokee; refers also to the Pani (Pawnee), Tonkawa, Quapaw, and Choctaw.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1353
Place:
Arkansas City Kansas
Citation:
Manuscript 1353, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1353
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1353

MS 1010 Words, phrases and sentences of the Tonkawe language, spoken by the Tonkawe, Tankahua, or as they call themselves, Titskan- watitch, "the indigenous people," formerly of Texas; obtained from three Tonkawe individuals present in Washington, Dece...

Collector:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Extent:
22 Pages
Culture:
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1010
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1010, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1010
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1010

MS 2016-a Daniel Little Chief drawings of Cheyenne ceremonial customs and implements, with explanations by Albert Gatschet

Creator:
Little Chief, Daniel, d. 1906.  Search this
Annotator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (disbound volume (65 pages) of 29 drawings and 34 pages of typescript.)
Culture:
Northern Tsitsistas (Northern Cheyenne)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
1891 February
Scope and Contents:
29 drawings and 34 pages of typed explanatory text, formerly bound together, now disbound, plus an identifying title page handwritten by Albert Gatschet and one drawing on ruled paper. The explanatory text was transcribed from Gatschet's notebook, No. 2016-b, with corrections by Gatschet. T.p. inscribed: "Crayon Pictures of Cheyenne Ceremonial Customs and Implements. Drawn by Wuxpais or Daniel Littlechief, son of the present headchief of the Cheyenne Indians of South Dakota, at the Pine Ridge Agency. Explained by notes obtained from the same Indian by Albert S. Gatschet." The last drawing in the volume is signed "T.D. Little Chief," but cannot be identified as a drawing by Daniel Little Chief. Subjects include ceremonial items, name glyphs, painted tipis, and illustrations of Cheyenne customs. A nearly identical set of drawings by Daniel Little Chief is located at the Newberry Library in Chicago. Information provided by Candace Greene.
Biographical / Historical:
Daniel Little Chief, a.k.a. Wuxpais (?-1906), was a Northern Cheyenne warrior whose band of Cheyenne were sent south to the Cheyenne-Arapaho Reservation in Indian Territory after their surrender, traveling there between 1878-1879. In 1881 this band moved north to the Pine Ridge Agency in South Dakota. In 1891 Daniel Littlechief inherited the role of head chief from his father and remained in South Dakota until his death in 1906. For more information see "American Indian Painters: A Biographical Dictionary" by Jeanne Snodgrass 1968, New York: Museum of the American Indian.
Albert S. Gatschet (1832-1907) was educated in his native Switzerland and in Germany (University of Bern [Ph.D., 1892]); University of Berlin. Early in his career, he pursued antiquarian research in European museums and wrote scientific articles. Among his interests was the etymology of Swiss place names. After coming to the United States in 1869, he worked on the American Indian vocabularies collected by Oscar Loew, of the United States Geological Survey West of the 100th Meridian (Wheeler Survey). Eventually John Wesley Powell employed him as an ethnologist with the United States Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Regions. When it was founded in 1879, he joined the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology and continued there until he retired in 1905. For the Powell Survey, Gatschet researched the ethnography of the Klamath in Oregon and the Modoc in Oklahoma. He also collected Native American material objects and investigated special problems for Powell's classification of the American Indian languages north of Mexico, working on languages of the Southeast, including groups forcibly settled in the southern Plains. He not only visited well known tribes but also searched out small groups, including the Biloxi and Tunica. He also worked with the Natchez, Tonkawa, Chitimacha, and Atakapa in the United States and Comecrudo and several other small groups in northern Mexico. Through library research, he studied the Timucua, Karankara, and the Beothuk. During the later part of his career, Gatschet was assigned comparative work on all the Algonquian languages. Although the project was never completed, he collected much about many of the languages, especially Peoria, Miami, and Shawnee. In addition, he worked with members of diverse tribes of the eastern United States. For more information, see NAA finding aid located at http://www.nmnh.si.edu/naa/guide/_g1.htm#jrg575
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2016-a
Varying Form of Title:
Crayon pictures of Cheyenne ceremonial customs and implements / drawn by Wuxpais or Daniel Littlechief ... ; explained by notes from the same Indian by Albert S. Gatschet
Place:
United States South Dakota Pine Ridge Agency.
United States South Dakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.
Album Information:
MS 2016a 001
Topic:
Habitations -- Cheyenne  Search this
Sweatbaths -- Cheyenne  Search this
Music -- Cheyenne  Search this
Married people's tipi -- Cheyenne  Search this
Weapons -- Cheyenne  Search this
Pipe -- Cheyenne  Search this
Amulets and fetishes -- Cheyenne  Search this
Medicine -- Cheyenne  Search this
Mortuary customs -- Cheyenne  Search this
Names, Personal -- Cheyenne  Search this
Medicine tent -- Cheyenne  Search this
Sun Dance -- Cheyenne  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 2016-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2016A
See more items in:
MS 2016-a Daniel Little Chief drawings of Cheyenne ceremonial customs and implements, with explanations by Albert Gatschet
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2016a
Online Media:

MS 2016-c Anonymous drawing, possibly Cheyenne, of mounted warrior

Collector:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (leaf , 13 x 15 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
n.d.
Scope and Contents:
Single leaf drawing depicting a mounted warrior wearing feathered bonnet. Manuscript caption in red ink on front reads, "this Indian man not war because this man play Running Horse the man very nice play." Manuscript caption in same ink and handwriting on reverse reads, "... this man name Ark-wor-gar-ne."
Biographical / Historical:
Albert S. Gatschet (1832-1907) was educated in his native Switzerland and in Germany (University of Bern [Ph.D., 1892]); University of Berlin. Early in his career, he pursued antiquarian research in European museums and wrote scientific articles. Among his interests was the etymology of Swiss place names. After coming to the United States in 1869, he worked on the American Indian vocabularies collected by Oscar Loew, of the United States Geological Survey West of the 100th Meridian (Wheeler Survey). Eventually John Wesley Powell employed him as an ethnologist with the United States Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Regions. When it was founded in 1879, he joined the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology and continued there until he retired in 1905. For the Powell Survey, Gatschet researched the ethnography of the Klamath in Oregon and the Modoc in Oklahoma. He also collected Native American material objects and investigated special problems for Powell's classification of the American Indian languages north of Mexico, working on languages of the Southeast, including groups forcibly settled in the southern Plains. He not only visited well known tribes but also searched out small groups, including the Biloxi and Tunica. He also worked with the Natchez, Tonkawa, Chitimacha, and Atakapa in the United States and Comecrudo and several other small groups in northern Mexico. Through library research, he studied the Timucua, Karankara, and the Beothuk. During the later part of his career, Gatschet was assigned comparative work on all the Algonquian languages. Although the project was never completed, he collected much about many of the languages, especially Peoria, Miami, and Shawnee. In addition, he worked with members of diverse tribes of the eastern United States. For more information, see NAA finding aid located at http://www.nmnh.si.edu/naa/guide/_g1.htm#jrg575
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08660200

NAA MS 2016-c
Local Note:
This drawing does not appear to be directly associated with works by Daniel Littlechief in Ms. 2016-a.
Ink on ruled paper.
Album Information:
MS 2016c 001
Topic:
Blackfeet  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 2016-c, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2016C
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2016c
Online Media:

James Henri Howard Papers

Correspondent:
Woolworth, Alan R.  Search this
Weslager, C.A.  Search this
Witthoft, John, 1921-1993  Search this
Swauger, James Lee  Search this
Turnbull, Colin  Search this
Horn, Frances L.  Search this
Garcia, Louis  Search this
Fogelson, Raymond D.  Search this
Hodge, William  Search this
Hayink, J.  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Ervin, Sam J. Jr  Search this
Feraca, Stephen E., 1934-  Search this
Feest, Christian F.  Search this
Cree, Charlie  Search this
Davis, Edward Mott  Search this
De Busk, Charles R.  Search this
Iadarola, Angelo  Search this
Brasser, Ted J.  Search this
Bunge, Gene  Search this
Cavendish, Richard  Search this
Clifton, James A.  Search this
DeMallie, Raymond  Search this
Blake, Leonard W.  Search this
Dean, Nora Thompson  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Smith, John L.  Search this
Swanton, John Robert  Search this
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Peterson, John H.  Search this
Paredes, J. Anthony  Search this
Schleisser, Karl H.  Search this
Reed, Nelson A.  Search this
Medford, Claude W.  Search this
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich  Search this
Opler, Morris Edward  Search this
Nettl, Bruno, 1930-  Search this
Kraft, Herbert C.  Search this
Johnson, Michael G.  Search this
Lindsey-Levine, Victoria  Search this
Kurath, Gertrude  Search this
Adams, Richard N. (Richard Newbold), 1924-  Search this
Allen, James H.  Search this
Barksdale, Mary Lee  Search this
Battise, Jack  Search this
Creator:
Howard, James H., 1925-1982 (James Henri)  Search this
Names:
Lone Star Steel Company  Search this
Extent:
10.25 Linear feet
Culture:
Seminole Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Yanktonai Indians  Search this
Seneca Indians  Search this
Yuchee  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Potawatomi Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Micmac Indians  Search this
Kickapoo Indians  Search this
Sauk and Fox Nation  Search this
Menominee Indians  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Oklahoma -- Archeology
Date:
1824-1992
bulk 1950-1982
Summary:
To a considerable degree, the James H. Howard papers consist of manuscript copies of articles, book, speeches, and reviews that document his professional work in anthropology, ethnology, ethnohistory, archeology, linguistics, musicology, and folklore between 1950 and 1982. Among these are a few unpublished items. Notes are relatively scant, there being somewhat appreciable materials for the Chippewa, Choctaw, Creek, Dakota, Omaha, Ponca, Seminole, and Shawnee. The chief field materials represented in the collection are sound recordings and photographs, but many of the latter are yet to be unidentified. A series of color photographs of Indian artifacts in folders are mostly identified and represent the extensive American Indian Cultural collection of costumes and artifacts that Howard acquired and created. Other documents include copies of papers and other research materials of colleagues. There is very little original material related to archeological work in the collection and that which is present concerns contract work for the Lone State Steel Company.
Scope and Contents:
The James Henri Howard papers document his research and professional activities from 1949-1982 and primarily deal with his work as an anthropologist, archeologist, and ethnologist, studying Native American languages & cultures. The collection consists of Series 1 correspondence; Series 2 writings and research, which consists of subject files (language and culture research materials), manuscripts, research proposals, Indian claim case materials, Howard's publications, publications of others, and bibliographical materials; Series 3 sound recordings of Native American music and dance; Series 4 photographs; and Series 5 drawings and artwork.

Howard was also a linguist, musicologist, and folklorist, as well as an informed and able practitioner in the fields of dance and handicrafts. His notable books include Choctaw Music and Dance; Oklahoma Seminoles: Medicines, Magic, and Religion; and Shawnee! The Ceremonialism of a Native American Tribe and its Cultural Backround.

Some materials are oversize, specifcially these three Winter Count items: 1. a Dakota Winter Count made of cloth in 1953 at the request of James H. Howard, 2. a drawing of British Museum Winter Count on 4 sheets of paper, and 3. Photographs of a Winter Count.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 5 series: Series 1. Correspondence, 1960-1982, undated; Series 2. Writings and Research, 1824-1992; Series 3. Sound Recordings, 1960-1979; Series 4. Photographs, 1879-1985; Series 5. Drawings and Artwork, 1928-1982.
Chronology:
1925 -- James Henri Howard was born on September 10 in Redfield, South Dakota.

1949 -- Received his Bachelor of Arts from the University of Nebraska.

1950 -- Received his Master of Arts from the University of Nebraska and began a prolific record of publishing.

1950-1953 -- Began his first professional employment as an archaeologist and preparator at the North Dakota State Historical Museum in Bismarck.

1955-1957 -- Was a museum lecturer at the Kansas City (Missouri) Museum.

1957 -- James H. Howard received his Ph.D. at the University of Michigan. Joined the staff of the Smithsonian's River Basin Surveys in the summer.

1957-1963 -- Taught anthropology at the University of North Dakota.

1962 -- Chief archeologist at the Fortress of Louisberg Archeological Project in Nova Scotia.

1963-1968 -- Taught anthropology at the University of South Dakota; State Archeologist of South Dakota; Director of the W. H. Over Dakota Museum.

1963-1966 -- Director of the Institute of Indian Studies, University of South Dakota.

1968-1982 -- Associate professor of anthropology at Oklahoma State University at Stillwater (became a full professor in 1971).

1979 -- Consulted for exhibitions at the Western Heritage Museum in Omaha, Nebraska.

1982 -- Died October 1 after a brief illness.
Biographical/Historical note:
James H. Howard was trained in anthropology at the University of Nebraska (B.A., 1949; M.A., 1950) and the University of Michigan (Ph.D., 1957). In 1950-1953, he served as archeologist and preparator at the North Dakota State Historical Museum; and, in 1955-1957, he was on the staff of the Kansas City (Missouri) Museum. During the summer of 1957, he joined the staff of the Smithsonian's River Basin Surveys. Between 1957 and 1963, he taught anthropology at the Universtity of North Dakota. Between 1963 and 1968, he served in several capacities with the University of South Dakota including assistant and associate professor, director of the Institute of Indian Studies (1963-1966), and Director of the W.H. Over Museum (1963-1968). In 1968, he joined the Department of Sociology at Oklahoma State University, where he achieved the rank of professor in 1970. In 1979, he was a consultant for exhibitions at the Western Heritage Museum in Omaha, Nebraska.

Howard's abiding interest were the people of North America, whom he studied both as an ethnologist and archeologist. Between 1949 and 1982, he worked with the Ponca, Omaha, Yankton and Yaktonai Dakota, Yamasee, Plains Ojibwa (or Bungi), Delaware, Seneca-Cayuga, Prairie Potatwatomi of Kansas, Mississipi and Oklahoma Choctaw, Oklahoma Seminole, and Pawnee. His interest in these people varied from group to group. With some he carried out general culture studies; with other, special studies of such phenomena as ceremonies, art, dance, and music. For some, he was interest in environmental adaptation and land use, the latter particularly for the Pawnee, Yankton Dakota, Plains Ojibwa, Turtle Mountain Chippewa, and Ponca, for which he served as consultant and expert witness in suits brought before the United Stated Indian Claims Commisssion. A long-time museum man, Howard was also interested in items of Indian dress, articles associated with ceremonies, and other artifacts. He was "a thoroughgoing participant-observer and was a member of the Ponca Hethuska Society, a sharer in ceremonial activities of many Plains tribes, and a first-rate 'powwow man'." (American Anthropologist 1986, 88:692).

As an archeologist, Howard worked at Like-a-Fishhook Village in North Dakota, Spawn Mound and other sites in South Dakota, Gavin Point in Nebraska and South Dakota, Weston and Hogshooter sites in Oklahoma, and the Fortess of Louisbourg in Nova Scotia. He also conducted surveys for the Lone Star Steel Company in Haskall, Latimer, Le Flore and Pittsburg counties in Oklahoma.
Related Materials:
Howard's American Indian Cultural Collection of Costumes and Artifacts, that he acquired and created during his lifetime, is currently located at the Milwaukee Public Museum. In Boxes 19-21 of the James Henri Howard Papers, there are photographs with accompanying captions and descriptions in binders of his American Indian Cultural Collection of Costumes and Artifacts that his widow, Elfriede Heinze Howard, created in order to sell the collection to a museum.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by James Henri Howard's wife, Elfriede Heinz Howard, in 1988-1990, 1992, & 1994.
Restrictions:
The James Henri Howard papers are open for research. Access to the James Henri Howard papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ethnology -- United States  Search this
Ethnomusicology  Search this
Folklore -- American Indian  Search this
Powwows  Search this
Citation:
James Henri Howard Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1994-30
See more items in:
James Henri Howard Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1994-30
Online Media:

MS 1014-a Tonkawa vocabulary in Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages

Collector:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Extent:
69 Pages
Culture:
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
September-October 1884
Scope and Contents:
In Schedule of John Wesley Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages, partially filled.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1014-a
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1014-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1014A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1014a

MS 1014-b Tonkawe or Tonkaweya Vocabulary in Department of the Interior schedule

Collector:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Extent:
6 Sheets
Culture:
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Karankawa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sheets
Date:
September and October 1884 and 1889
Scope and Contents:
On U. S. Geographical and Geological Survey Form. Parallel words added from the Karankawa language, Texas Coast, February 1889. Also additional words added by James Mooney in 1898.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1014-b
General:
Previously titled "Vocabulary."
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1014-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1014B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1014b

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