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Washington -- Native Landscape at the National Museum of the American Indian

Creator:
Sakiestewa, Ramona, design collaborator  Search this
EDAW Inc., landscape architectural firm  Search this
Artist:
Naranjo-Morse, Nora, 1953-  Search this
House, Donna.  Search this
Building architect:
Cardinal, Douglas  Search this
Landscape architect:
Jones, Johnpaul A., 1941-  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Slides (photographs)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Place:
United States of America -- District of Columbia -- Washington
General:
The Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) and its surrounding Native Landscape garden opened on September 21, 2004. At a total of 4.25 acres, the building and landscape lie east of 4th Street SW and south of Jefferson Drive, on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. Rather than a controlled, linear style that is found in much of the surrounding buildings, the NMAI museum and landscape evoke feelings of fluidity and connection with nature. The landscape contains more than 33,000 plants of approximately 150 species, all of which are native to the Piedmont region between the Atlantic coastal plain and the Appalachian Mountains. Additionally, all of the species have an ethnobotanical use for Native Americans, whether for food, medicine, fiber, dye, or ceremonial purposes.
Legislation was enacted to create NMAI on November 28, 1989. Leaders from nearly 150 native communities spanning North and Central America were consulted, culminating in a planning document entitled "The Way of the People," published in 1993. Architect Douglas Cardinal (Blackfoot tribe) of Ottawa, Canada, designed the building of the museum. For the landscape, the architectural firm EDAW, Inc. (now part of AECOM) collaborated with ethnobotanist Donna House (Navajo/Oneida) on the design and plant selection, and with landscape architect Johnpaul Jones (Choctaw/Cherokee) and artist Ramona Sakiestewa (Hopi).
The Native Landscape is comprised of four habitats of the natural regional landscape: upland hardwood forest (on the north side of the museum), wetlands (east), cropland (southeast), and meadow (southwest). The 24,000-square-foot forest habitat is divided into three zones with different soil moisture levels that affect the kinds of plants that grow in each zone. The 6,000-square-foot wetlands is a lush aquatic landscape filled with water lilies and cattails, inspired by the site's geologic history as a swamp. The 5,200-square-foot cropland is an organically sustained garden, maintained through Native American strategies of crop rotation and companion planting, along with the use of natural pest-predators such as ladybugs. Produce harvested from the cropland is used in NMAI's café and for on-site ceremonies. The 5,500-square-foot meadow lies on both sides of the south entrance, and is comprised of wildflowers, grasses, and two American elm trees.
Art and architecture adorn the landscape. Ever-evolving clay sculptures entitled "Always Becoming," designed by Nora Naranjo-Morse (Santa Clara Pueblo), have stood in the meadow habitat since 2007. The north side of NMAI features an acclaimed waterfall feature which represents Tiber Creek, a former tributary of the Potomac River in Washington, D.C. An offering area and many places of rest and reflection are built into the architecture of the landscape. Performances are held at the fire pit and outdoor amphitheater or at the Welcome Plaza. Astronomical artworks are engraved in the pavement at the museum's north and east entrances.
Four stone cardinal direction markers lie along the east-west and north-south axes of the building. These large boulders come from four corners of the western hemisphere, and date from different epochs: North (Canada, Basins Group era), south (Chile, Cretaceous period), east (Maryland, Cambrian period), and west (Hawaii, ca. 1662). Forty additional boulders lie along the landscape's perimeter, to serve as protective bollards and also symbolize the longevity and memories of native tribes. These "Grandfather Rocks" were blessed by American Indians in both Canada (from which they originated) and the United States.
Plantings include columbine (Aquilegia canadensis), flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea), yellow wakerobin (Trillium luteum), mannagrass (Glyceria striata), wild rice (Zizania aquatica), buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis), goldenrod (Solidago sp.), watercress (Nasturtium officinale), tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum), corn (Zea mays), barley (Hordeum vulgare).
People associated with this garden include: EDAW (landscape architectural firm, circa 1989-2004). Donna House (Navajo/Oneida) (ethnobotanist, circa 1990-2004). Johnpaul Jones (Cherokee/Choctaw) (landscape architect, circa 1990-2004). Ramona Sakiestewa (Hopi) (design collaborator, circa 1990-2004). Nora Naranjo-Morse (Santa Clara Pueblo) (artist, 2007- ). Douglas Cardinal (Blackfoot) (building architect, circa 1990-2004).
Related Materials:
Native Landscape at the National Museum of the American Indian related holdings consist of (35mm slides (photographs), negatives, photographic prints, and digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- District of Columbia -- Washington  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Slides (photographs)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library, Archives of American Gardens, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAG.SGI, File SG008
See more items in:
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library / Series 1: Garden Images / United States of America / District of Columbia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6da109589-3627-4b6b-86b6-d16f4d63250b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-sgi-ref11

Grace Nicholson: Inventories and Clippings

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Collection Director:
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Container:
Box 262A, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1928 - 1968
Restrictions:
Image number 011 "Holiday Handcraft" has been removed from the slideshow due to culutral sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records / Series 6: Collectors
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a322f6cb-5196-43ba-a2f9-d7bc7ada72a1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-ref14859
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Oklahoma City, OK: Correspondence (Inter-Office and In-Coming)

Collection Creator:
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1946
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection Title, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records
National Congress of American Indians records / Series 1: NCAI Conventions and Mid-year Conferences
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv415fa7e70-ecc5-4e03-a5fb-e6e2b51913fe
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-010-ref39
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Olive Rush papers, 1879-1967

Creator:
Rush, Olive, 1873-1966  Search this
Subject:
United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Section of Fine Arts  Search this
Type:
Sketches
Diaries
Photographs
Citation:
Olive Rush papers, 1879-1967. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
American Indians in art  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Muralists -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Illustrators -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9223
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211418
AAA_collcode_rusholiv
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211418
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Online Media:

Tobacco Pouch

Collector:
Maj. Gen. Robert Alexander  Search this
Donor Name:
Lt. Col. Robert Alexander Jr.  Search this
Culture:
Unspecified, Southern Plains  Search this
Object Type:
Pipe Bag
Place:
Plains, United States, North America
Accession Date:
16 Jul 1947
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
176804
USNM Number:
E385738-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3a9d77ceb-b6a9-44c1-b3b9-1ba33b88e4fc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8419761
Online Media:

Sand Painting

Collector:
Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibit Service (Sites)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibit Service (Sites)  Search this
Donor Name:
Sites Native Harvests  Search this
Length - Object:
45 cm
Width - Object:
45 cm
Culture:
Navajo (Diné)  Search this
Object Type:
Sand Painting
Place:
Cuba, New Mexico, United States, North America
Collection Date:
1983
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
378691
USNM Number:
E430177-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3bd7e8fef-2a53-4109-9b29-bacfa776e7e5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8503325

Cigarette Box Of Silver

Collector:
N/A  Search this
Donor Name:
Mrs. Marjorie M. Post  Search this
Culture:
Hopi  Search this
Object Type:
Tobacco Box
Place:
Not Given
Accession Date:
16 Jun 1981
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
318782
USNM Number:
E418774A-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3828bf901-7862-473d-9345-cf37383e2872
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8450815

Cigarette Box Of Silver

Collector:
N/A  Search this
Donor Name:
Mrs. Marjorie M. Post  Search this
Culture:
Hopi  Search this
Object Type:
Tobacco Box
Place:
Not Given
Accession Date:
16 Jun 1981
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
318782
USNM Number:
E418775A-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3088f39e1-e296-48ef-9def-4191e3bb1989
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8450817

Cigarette Box

Collector:
N/A  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. Lucinda D. Templin  Search this
Culture:
Navajo (Diné)  Search this
Object Type:
Tobacco Box
Place:
New Mexico, United States, North America
Accession Date:
9 Jun 1954
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
200122
USNM Number:
E404072-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3be3e2b65-bdb9-4516-acf2-1819ac70c5aa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8433587
Online Media:

Tobacco-Bag

Donor Name:
Mrs. Charles B. Gatewood  Search this
Culture:
Apache, White Mountain (?)  Search this
Object Type:
Tobacco Bag
Place:
Fort Apache, Near, Navajo County, Arizona, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1 Aug 1930
Collection Date:
1881
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
110622
USNM Number:
E349478-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3e4aa6c7a-5fc9-43a4-85da-51292e14f70a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8403103
Online Media:

Koki Tobacco "Ho-Pi-Bi-Ba"

Collector:
Col. James Stevenson  Search this
Matilda C. Stevenson  Search this
Donor Name:
Col. James Stevenson  Search this
Culture:
Hopi  Search this
Object Type:
Tobacco
Place:
Hopi Reservation, Navajo County, Arizona, United States, North America
Accession Date:
20 Jun 1887
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
019294
USNM Number:
E128621-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3c471bf12-e1eb-4637-a0f3-d57d467d46b6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8335233
Online Media:

Nicotiana attenuata Torr. ex S. Watson in C. King

Biogeographical Region:
76 - Southwestern U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
Paul C. Standley  Search this
Place:
Along arroyo. Navajo Indian Reservation, about the north end of the Carrizo Mountains., Arizona, United States, North America
Collection Date:
28 Jul 1911
Common name:
coyote tobacco
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Solanales Solanaceae
Published Name:
Nicotiana attenuata Torr. ex S. Watson in C. King
Barcode:
01088601
USNM Number:
686273
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3551081c9-fd7d-410f-bf8c-f5a1d5b2b2e9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14150248

Valeriana edulis Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray

Biogeographical Region:
77 - South-Central U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
Paul C. Standley  Search this
Place:
Navajo Indian Reservation, in the Tunitcha Mountains., New Mexico, United States, North America
Collection Date:
8 Aug 1911
Common name:
tobacco root
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Dipsacales Valerianaceae
Published Name:
Valeriana edulis Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray
Barcode:
02793143
USNM Number:
686501
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/34bc79018-ab34-44a5-a9cc-432e628a81c8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_13887961

Valeriana edulis Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray

Biogeographical Region:
76 - Southwestern U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
Walter Hough  Search this
Place:
Showlow, White Mountains, 155 miles S. of Holbrook, Navajo Co., Arizona, United States, North America
Collection Date:
14 Jul 1901
Common name:
tobacco root
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Dipsacales Valerianaceae
Published Name:
Valeriana edulis Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray
Barcode:
02793249
USNM Number:
562818
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3cc34aaf2-951d-413e-bbde-fb97fbf08aa7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_13880084

Nicotiana attenuata Torr. ex S. Watson in C. King

Biogeographical Region:
76 - Southwestern U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
Edward Palmer  Search this
Place:
Fort Apache, Navajo, Arizona, United States, North America
Collection Date:
21 Jun 1890 to 30 Jun 1890
Common name:
coyote tobacco
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Solanales Solanaceae
Published Name:
Nicotiana attenuata Torr. ex S. Watson in C. King
Barcode:
00803290
USNM Number:
13426
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering Plants and Ferns
Arizona Project
Edward Palmer Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3febd001b-819a-40c5-a4f3-4520637aeadc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10141139
Online Media:

Holster and belt

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Previous owner:
Samuel H. Austin (Samuel H. Austen), Non-Indian, 1847-1916  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Harmon W. Hendricks (Harmon Washington Hendricks), Non-Indian, 1846-1928  Search this
Auction venue:
American Art Association-Anderson Galleries, Inc., 1929-  Search this
Object Name:
Holster and belt
Media/Materials:
Hide, silver
Techniques:
Stamped, perforated
Object Type:
Firearms and accessories
Place:
Arizona, New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
6/2736
Barcode:
062736.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Firearms and accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws65769221b-524a-4134-99e7-d9bdda0fdef2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_67750
Online Media:

Bowguard/Wrist guard

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Previous owner:
Samuel H. Austin (Samuel H. Austen), Non-Indian, 1847-1916  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Harmon W. Hendricks (Harmon Washington Hendricks), Non-Indian, 1846-1928  Search this
Auction venue:
American Art Association-Anderson Galleries, Inc., 1929-  Search this
Object Name:
Bowguard/Wrist guard
Media/Materials:
Silver, hide
Techniques:
Stamped
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Arizona, New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
6/2737
Barcode:
062737.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws60dd6f96b-3598-490f-a593-bc89112340de
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_67751
Online Media:

Tobacco

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Washington Matthews, Non-Indian, 1843-1905  Search this
Previous owner:
Dr. Washington Matthews, Non-Indian, 1843-1905  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Tobacco
Media/Materials:
Tobacco
Techniques:
Cut
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
5/1549
Barcode:
051549.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws61731ef3c-a161-444f-8aa0-3e6160a3f04d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_55603
Online Media:

Tobacco

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Washington Matthews, Non-Indian, 1843-1905  Search this
Previous owner:
Dr. Washington Matthews, Non-Indian, 1843-1905  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Tobacco
Media/Materials:
Tobacco
Techniques:
Cut
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
5/1559
Barcode:
051559.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68050a06e-8a53-49d9-b087-c4e1f9484d2d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_55613
Online Media:

Tobacco container

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Jerry Roan, Diné (Navajo), 1919-1977  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
DOI Indian Craft Shop (Department of the Interior Indian Craft Shop)  Search this
Object Name:
Tobacco container
Media/Materials:
Silver
Techniques:
Hammered, stamped
Dimensions:
8.5 x 7 x 3 cm
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Arizona or New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1968
Catalog Number:
25/8196
Barcode:
258196.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a7ad2a25-09a1-4d43-a733-8bb00e9b0595
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_274126
Online Media:

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