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[Two newspaper articles, one entitled "Twenty Foot Hand for Tower Clock" and the other, "Fall of the Ball of Confuses Cohoes"

Collection Creator:
United Telegraph Workers.  Search this
Western Union Telegraph Company  Search this
Extent:
2 Items
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Local Numbers:
91-2125 (OIPP Neg. No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but Series 11 and films are stored off-site. Special arrangements must be made to view some of the audiovisual materials. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Time -- Systems and standards  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Collection Citation:
Western Union Telegraph Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Western Union Telegraph Company Records
Western Union Telegraph Company Records / Series 24: Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep878d7da2f-b2c4-478b-8a28-c13c0c2ab617
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0205-ref11295

Time, science, and society in China and the West / edited by J.T. Fraser, N. Lawrence, and F.C. Haber

Author:
International Society for the Study of Time  Search this
Fraser, J. T (Julius Thomas) 1923-  Search this
Lawrence, Nathaniel Morris 1917-  Search this
Haber, Francis C  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 262 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Congresses
Place:
China
Date:
1986
Topic:
Time  Search this
Time--Systems and standards  Search this
Call number:
QB209 .I55 1986
QB209.I55 1986
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_289522

Harold Lyons Atomic Clocks Collection

Author:
Lyons, Harold, Dr., 1913-1998  Search this
Donor:
Lyons, Sherrie  Search this
Extent:
2 Cubic feet (6 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Laboratory notebooks
Photographs
Diagrams
Correspondence
Technical notes
Articles
Patents
Date:
1935 - 1991
Summary:
Harold Lyons was a physicist whose primary interest was in atomic frequency standards and atomic clocks. The collection documents Lyons and his work with atomic clocks. The collection includes his research as manifested in published papers, presentations, reports, correspondence, laboratory notes, photographs and diagrams.
Scope and Contents:
The Harold Lyons Papers, 1935-1991, show his professional interests, especially his research from the 1950s, as manifested in published papers, presentations, reports, correspondence, laboratory results, and photographs. The bulk of the collection consists of papers and presentations of Lyons and others in the atomic physics field. Most of Lyons's work and the materials he collected address different aspects of microwave frequency.

Formats represented in the collection include published articles, typewritten and handwritten manuscripts, typewritten and handwritten personal correspondence, memorandums, photographs, diagrams, laboratory results, pamphlets, and newspaper clippings. The collection is arranged into five series.

Series 1, Biographical Information, 1955-1965; 1973, contains copies of Lyons's curriculum vitae (circa 1955, 1962, and 1971) and his entries in Who's Who in America and Who's Who in The West. This series also has two folders with materials relating to two honors he received, the Franklin Institute Certificate of Merit, in 1958, and the U.S. Department of Commerce's 25th Commemorative Award in 1973.

Series 2, Papers and Presentations, 1947-1962; 1973-1974, contains the journal articles and papers authored by Lyons and the conference and special presentations he gave during his career, most of which address research for aspects of the atomic clock. Included are papers he authored published in the Journal of Applied Physics, American Scholar, Scientific American, and Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences and presentations given at the National Bureau of Standards for the anniversary of the atomic clock.

Series 3, Correspondence, 1949-1991, contains general correspondence for the years 1949-1966, 1978, 1987, and 1991, as well as correspondence with the following individuals: Dirk Brouwer, Paul Forman, Polykarp Kusch, Koichi Shimoda, Wilbert F. Snyder, Charles H. Townes, and Jerrold R. Zacharias. The bulk of this series is incoming correspondence addressed to Lyons, although he did retain some copies of outgoing correspondence.

Series 4, Research, 1947-1958; 1970-1991, contains laboratory results for deuterated ammonia (via strip chart recordings) and general cesium atomic beam experiments through calibration of magnetic fields, calculation of c-fields in the magnetic chamber, and atomic beam measurements. It also contains brief information on other research interests, such as the International Scientific Radio Union, and scattered promotional materials for natural health and electrical products. In addition, this series contains a copy of the patent granted to Lyons and Benjamin F. Husten in 1955 for the atomic clock and photographs and diagrams relating to Lyons's work on the atomic clock. Included are black and white photographs of Lyons and his colleagues with views of the clock as well as diagrams and charts included in published and unpublished work and presentations. Most of the photographs and diagrams are undated and unlabeled.

Series 5, Collected Background Research Materials, 1935-1982, contains papers and presentation materials focused on atomic physics, including papers published in journals, memoranda, technical reports, conference programs, and conference proceedings. One folder in this series has materials relating to the promotion of the atomic clock through pamphlets, speeches, papers, and one oversize item of reproduced newspaper clippings. A folder relating to a university course of lectures, most likely authored by Polykarp Kusch of Columbia University, on molecular beams is also included in this series. In addition, this series contains copies of two patents, one granted to Friedrich H. Reder in 1960 for molecular resonance devices, and the other, an Australian patent, applied for in 1958, for an invention dealing with a frequency selective method and system.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into five series.

Series 1, Biographical Information, 1955-1965; 1973

Series 2, Papers and Presentations, 1947-1962; 1973-1974

Subseries 1, Publications, 1947-1948; 1950-1953; 1957; 1959-1960; 1962; undated

Subseries 2, Presentations, 1946-1958; 1973-1974

Series 3, Correspondence, 1949-1991

Series 4, Research, 1947-1958; 1970-1991

Subseries 1, Laboratory Findings, 1952-1954; undated

Subseries 2, Other Research Interests, 1947-1957; 1970-1991

Subseries 3, Photographs and Diagrams, 1957; undated

Series 5, Collected Background Research Materials, 1935-1982
Biographical / Historical:
Harold Lyons was born February 16, 1913 in Buffalo, New York, and attended the University of Buffalo, graduating summa cum laude with a B.S. in Physics in 1933. After obtaining a Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics from the University of Michigan in 1939, he worked at the Naval Research Laboratories for two years and then joined the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) in 1941. In 1944, he was appointed chief of the Microwave Standards Section of an Interservice Radio Propagation Laboratory (IRPL) established at the NBS during World War II. He continued in that position after the war when the IRPL, in 1946, was reconstituted as the Central Radio Propagation Laboratory (CRPL).

Lyons's work on microwave frequency standards led directly to his interest in atomic frequency standards and atomic clocks. On his initiative a substantial program of research and development was pursued in the Microwave Standards Section from 1948-1951. There under his direction the first operative atomic clock, based on the absorption of microwaves of ammonia, was constructed in 1948 and announced in early 1949.

Lyons remained with the CRPL after it was moved to Boulder, Colorado, in 1954, but left a year later to work in Hughes Aircraft Company's Culver City, California, research labs. Here he continued his atomic physics research, particularly applications for the atomic clock, including satellite technology, and expanding to development work in lasers. He continued his work on lasers at Electro-Optical Systems Quantum Physics Division from 1960-1962. In the late 1960s and during the 1970s, he was an independent physics consultant and conducted research through an association with the University of California, Los Angeles.

Harold Lyons died March 23, 1998 in Los Angeles, California.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

National Company (NATCO) Atomic Clocks Records, 1955-1968 (AC0547), contains related archival materials, principally on the development of the first commercial atomic clock, the Atomichron.

Materials in the National Museum of American History

The Division of Work and Industry, formerly the Division of Information, Technology and Communication, holds the first operative atomic clock, constructed under Lyons's direction at the National Bureau of Standards in 1948.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Harold Lyons's daughter, Sherrie L. Lyons, in January, 2000.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Atomic frequency standards  Search this
Atomic clocks  Search this
Time -- Systems and standards  Search this
Physics  Search this
Atomic absorption spectroscopy  Search this
Genre/Form:
Laboratory notebooks
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1950-1960
Diagrams
Correspondence -- 1940-2000
Technical notes
Articles -- 20th century
Patents
Citation:
Harold Lyons Atomic Clocks Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0701
See more items in:
Harold Lyons Atomic Clocks Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c80341a7-6d61-433a-8e66-4c27f27218fa
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0701
Online Media:

Exhibition Records

Creator::
National Museum of American History. Division of Work and Industry  Search this
Extent:
2.09 cu. ft. (1 record storage box) (1 16x20 box) (3 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Brochures
Exhibition catalogs
Pamphlets
Clippings
Compact discs
Electronic records
Floor plans
Drawings
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Date:
1950, 1959-1988, 1996, 2004, 2006
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of records that document planning, development and production activities for the exhibitions A Material World, Loose the Mighty Power: Impressions of the Steam Engine in America, Abandoned Mine Scenes, On Time, Time and Navigation: The Untold Story of Getting from Here to There, as well as the halls of Nuclear Energy, Mining, Agriculture, Petroleum, Iron and Steel, Farming Machinery, and Forest Products at the National Museum of American History (NMAH), which, prior to 1980, was known as the National Museum of History and Technology and the Museum of History and Technology, respectively. A few records also predate the creation of NMAH, when the museum was part of the United States National Museum. The original working title for the exhibition Time and Navigation: The Untold Story of Getting from Here to There, which opened at the National Air and Space Museum and was produced in partnership with NMAH, was Finding Time and Place: From Chronometers to GPS. Earlier records date back to when the Division of Work and Industry was known as the Division of the History of Technology, the Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, the Division of Extractive Industries, the Division of Manufacturing, the Division of Agriculture and Mining, the Division of Agriculture and Forest Products, the Division of Industrial Cooperation, and there are some records from the Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering and the Division of Transportation.

Staff represented in these records include curators Robert C. Post, William L. Withuhn, Philip W. Bishop, John T. Schlebecker, Robert M. Vogel, and John H. White; associate curator John Nathan Hoffman; and exhibit coordinator Claudine Klose.

Materials include correspondence, memoranda, and notes; proposals; budget summaries; design information; production schedules; scripts; press releases; floor plans; drawings; object lists; loan information; catalogs, pamphlets, brochures, and clippings; photographs and negatives; and reports. Some materials are in electronic format.
Oversize:
This collection contains oversize material.
Rights:
Restricted for 15 years. until Jan-01-2022; Transferring office; 2/1/2011 memorandum, Johnstone to Jones; Contact reference staff for details.
Topic:
Museums -- Educational aspects  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Time -- Systems and standards  Search this
Mining engineering  Search this
Agriculture machinery  Search this
Agriculture -- History  Search this
Forest products  Search this
Nuclear energy  Search this
Petroleum  Search this
Steel  Search this
Iron  Search this
Loans  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Brochures
Exhibition catalogs
Pamphlets
Clippings
Compact discs
Electronic records
Floor plans
Drawings
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 19-221, National Museum of American History. Division of Work and Industry, Exhibition Records
Identifier:
Accession 19-221
See more items in:
Exhibition Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa19-221

Exhibition Records

Creator::
National Museum of American History. Department of the History of Science and Technology  Search this
Extent:
5.5 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes) (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Clippings
Maps
Drawings
Floor plans
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white transparencies
Color negatives
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Date:
1921-1922, 1947, 1956-1986
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of records that document the research, planning, and execution of exhibits by the Department of the History of Science and Technology. Exhibits include the Hall of Petroleum, the Hall of Iron and Steel, and Inventing Standard Time. Some of the materials date to when the department was known as the Division of Industrial Cooperation, Division of Manufactures and Heavy Industries, Division of Mineral Technology, Department of Arts and Manufactures, Division of Extractive Industries; and when the museum was known as the Museum of History and Technology, the National Museum of History and Technology and when it was part of the United States National Museum. Staff documented include Philip W. Bishop, Head Curator; Edward C. Kendall, Curator; Charles O. Houston, Associate Curator; and Carlene E. Stephens, Assistant Curator. Materials include correspondence, memoranda, reports, label text, scripts, images, diagrams, floor plans, maps, drawings, and clippings.
Topic:
Museum exhibits  Search this
Time -- Systems and standards  Search this
Petroleum  Search this
Petroleum industry and trade  Search this
Iron industry and trade  Search this
Steel industry and trade  Search this
Iron  Search this
Steel  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Clippings
Maps
Drawings
Floor plans
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white transparencies
Color negatives
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 17-299, National Museum of American History. Department of the History of Science and Technology, Exhibition Records
Identifier:
Accession 17-299
See more items in:
Exhibition Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa17-299

One time fits all : the campaigns for global uniformity / Ian R. Bartky

Author:
Bartky, Ian R  Search this
Physical description:
xxv, 292 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2007
Topic:
Time--Systems and standards  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1104450

Collection of miscellaneous printed pamphlets : Joseph Henry Library volume XXXVII

Compiler:
Henry, Joseph 1797-1878  Search this
Former owner:
Henry, Joseph 1797-1878 DSI  Search this
Subject:
Williamson, Hugh 1735-1819  Search this
Union College (Schenectady, N.Y.) Curricula  Search this
Society for the Promotion of Useful Arts  Search this
Physical description:
17 pamphlets in 1 volume, leaves of plates (some folded) : illustrations, charts ; 23 cm
Type:
Outlines, syllabi, etc
Observations
Place:
New York (State)
United States
Erie Canal (N.Y.)
Onondaga County (N.Y.)
Des Plaines River (Wis. and Ill.)
Date:
1813
1828
Topic:
Chemistry--Education  Search this
Time--Systems and standards--Law and legislation  Search this
Weights and measures  Search this
Steam-navigation  Search this
Inland navigation  Search this
Petrifaction  Search this
Liver  Search this
Chemistry  Search this
Universities and colleges  Search this
Meteorology  Search this
Medical education  Search this
Medical colleges  Search this
Industrial arts--Societies, etc  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Salt  Search this
Call number:
F116 .H46 1813
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1109204

Good-bye, Dry Cleaning. Hello, Self-Cleaning Cashmere

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 19:27:12 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_6062da0eb9d2fbc2225bb79efc27d7f5

American Indian time keeping devices / developed by Priscilla Buffalohead ; art & graphics, Robert DesJarlait

Author:
DesJarlait, Robert  Search this
Buffalohead, Priscilla  Search this
Indian Education Program (Anoka-Hennepin School District No. 11 (Minn.))  Search this
Physical description:
13 p. : ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1988
C1988
Topic:
Time measurements  Search this
Time--Systems and standards  Search this
Implements  Search this
Call number:
QB214 .A54 1988
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_793683

Selling the true time : nineteenth-century timekeeping in America / Ian R. Bartky

Author:
Bartky, Ian R  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 310 p. : ill., maps ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2000
C2000
Topic:
Time--Systems and standards  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_614972

Time lord : Sir Sandford Fleming and the creation of standard time / Clark Blaise

Author:
Blaise, Clark  Search this
Subject:
Fleming, Sandford Sir 1827-1915  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 256 p. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2000
Topic:
Time--Systems and standards--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_616450

Keeping watch : a history of American time / Michael O'Malley

Author:
O'Malley, Michael  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 384 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1996
1990
[1996]
Topic:
Time--Systems and standards--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_507339

Greenwich time and the longitude / Derek Howse

Author:
Howse, Derek  Search this
Subject:
Royal Greenwich Observatory History  Search this
Physical description:
199 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1997
Topic:
Time--Systems and standards  Search this
Longitude  Search this
Call number:
QB223 .H75Y 1997
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_530265

Radio time

Title:
Radio time : the radio-controlled clock and watch magazine
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 30 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1989
1989-
Topic:
Time--Systems and standards  Search this
Clocks and watches, Electric  Search this
Time-signals  Search this
Call number:
TS540 .R335
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_594901

Standard time in the United States; a history of standard and daylight saving time in the United States and an analysis of the related laws

Author:
United States Department of Transportation Office of Assistant General Counsel for Regulation  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 27 p. maps (1 fold.) 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1970
Topic:
Time--Systems and standards  Search this
Call number:
QB223.U64X 1970
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_405749

The right place at the right time : the United States Navy and the development of wireless time signaling, 1900-1923 / by Joan Marie Mathys

Author:
Mathys, Joan Marie  Search this
Subject:
United States Navy Radio installations History  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 88 leaves
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1991
Topic:
Time--Systems and standards--History  Search this
Radio measurements  Search this
Time measurements  Search this
Call number:
QB223 .M43 1991a
QB223.M43 1991a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_416458

Universal time / W.H.M. Christie

Title:
Royal Institution of Great Britain, weekly evening meeting, Friday, March 19, 1886
On universal time
Author:
Christie, William Henry Mahoney  Search this
Royal Institution of Great Britain  Search this
Physical description:
8 p. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Great Britain
Date:
1886
1886]
Topic:
Time--Systems and standards  Search this
Call number:
QB223 .C55 1886
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_484069

Le temps : ses divisions principales ses mesures et leurs usages aux époques anciennes et modernes / par Claudius Saunier

Author:
Saunier, Claudius 1816-1896  Search this
Physical description:
ii, 284 p. ; 18 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1858
Topic:
Time measurements--History  Search this
Time--Systems and standards--History  Search this
Horology--History  Search this
Call number:
QB223 .S25 1858
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_486352

Keeping watch : a history of American time / Michael O'Malley

Author:
O'Malley, Michael  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 384 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1990
Topic:
Time--Systems and standards--History  Search this
Call number:
QB223.O43 1990X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_399422

International conference held at Washington for the purpose of fixing a prime meridian and a universal day. October, 1884. Protocols of the proceedings

Author:
International Meridian Conference (1884 : Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Physical description:
212 p. ; 28 cm
Type:
Congresses
Place:
Prime Meridian
Date:
1884
Topic:
Time--Systems and standards  Search this
Call number:
QB224 .I61 1884
QB224.I61 1884
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_209882

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