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Melhania denhami Aiton

Biogeographical Region:
22 - West Tropical Africa  Search this
Collector:
O. Olusfen  Search this
Place:
Timkuktu [Timbuktu?], Mali, Africa
Collection Date:
19 Jul 1927
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Sterculiaceae
Published Name:
Melhania denhami Aiton
Barcode:
00655681
USNM Number:
2126126
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/368920985-e033-4606-bb18-27494305bbe3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2064724

Marli Shamir collection

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
33 Negatives (photographic) (color, 35mm)
1790 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
1,519 Color slides (35mm)
Culture:
San (African people)  Search this
Dogon (African people)  Search this
Fulani  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Color slides
Photographic print
Place:
Djenné (Mali)
Mali
Ivory Coast
Burkina Faso
Timbuktu (Mali)
Mali, -- Bamako
Niger
Mopti (Mali)
Israel
Date:
1966-1976
Summary:
Collection dates from 1966 to 1976 and includes 1,817 black and white negatives, 1,519 35mm color slides, several hundred prints, and manuscript materials. Locations include Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Gabon, Israel, Mali, and Niger and depict agriculture, architecture, especially mosques, landscapes, marketplaces, masquerade and musical performances, sculptures, and textiles. Peoples depicted include the Bambara, Bella, Bozo, Dogon, Fulani, Gao, Mandingo, San, Songhai, and Tuarag peoples.
Scope and Contents:
This collection dates from 1966 to 1976 and includes 1,817 black and white negatives, 1,519 35mm color slides, several hundred prints, and manuscript materials. Images were taken in Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Gabon, Israel, Mali, and Niger and depict agriculture, architecture, especially mosques, landscapes, marketplaces, masquerade and musical performances, sculptures, textiles. Peoples depicted include the Bambara, Bella, Bozo, Dogon, Fulani, Gao, Mandingo, San, Songhai, and Tuarag peoples.
Arrangement:
Arranged in four series, according to format.

Series 1: Negatives

Series 2: Slides

Series 3: Photographic Prints

Series 4: Manuscript Materials
Biographical / Historical:
Marli Shamir (1919-2016) was an Israeli photographer known for her extensive work in Mali, the Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso from 1966-1973. Born and raised in Berlin, Shamir started studying photography during her teenage years and took photography classes at the Contempora Lehrateliers für neue Werkkunst (1934-1937).

In 1938, she was forced to immigrate to Israel where she initially lived in a kibbutz. From 1941-1943, she worked at the mineralogy department of the Weizmann Institute in Rehovot, and then opened her own studio in Jerusalem in 1945. In 1953, she married Meir Shamir, a former Israeli Diplomat-Ambassador, and from 1966-1973 she lived successively in Mali, Gabon and Cote d'Ivoire. She held a particular fascination with architecture, monuments, mosques, arts and habitants.

During her stay in Mali, she met Pascal James Imperato with whom she wrote the article "Bokolanfini Mud Cloth of the Bamana of Mali" (African Arts, 1970). In 1976, she produced the exhibition Sahel at the Israeli museum in Jerusalem, which focused on the rural and urban architecture and people of the Sahel. The exhibition toured in Europe later that year. From 1977-1981, she lived in Strasbourg, where she focused on documenting the new style of architecture in Mali. Her work on this project is stored at the Center of Documentation in Strasbourg.

In 2005, a book devoted to her photographs from Mali was published by the Grandvaux French Edition House. The National Poet of Mali, Albakaye Ousmane Kounta, collaborated with Shamir on a book of poetry, Djenney-Ferey –La terre habitee (published by Grandaux, 2007), which is illustrated with Shamir's photographs. Shamir passed away in 2016 at the age of 93.
Related Materials:
The Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives also holds another collection of Shamir's photographs, EEPA 1995-025.
Provenance:
Purchased, 2013
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Slides (Photography)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic print
Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7c5155d06-bf33-40ad-a358-bc1731c83cfe
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-2013-009
Online Media:

Timbuktu, Mali (panoramic view)

Extent:
1 Postcard (b&w, 9 x 14 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Cityscapes
Place:
Africa
Mali
Scope and Contents:
Original caption reads, "Panorama de Tombouctou (Soudan-Francais)."
General:
Citation source: Postcard caption.
Title source: Archives staff; not provided by photographer.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Genre/Form:
Cityscapes
Postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA ML 2003-0006-08
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 28: Mali (ML)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7d5aef2be-9bc3-4cc6-adac-ccf392727969
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref5973

Women pounding grain, Timbuktu, Mali

Extent:
1 Postcard (b&w, 9 x 14 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Place:
Africa
Mali
Scope and Contents:
Original caption reads, "Tombouctou-Moussos pilant du Ble."
General:
Citation source: Postcard caption.
Title source: Archives staff; not provided by photographer.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA ML 2003-0007-09
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 28: Mali (ML)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo71040dd5c-8adf-44d6-a0bc-936b4710fffb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref5975

Marli Shamir photographs

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of African Art (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
229 Gelatin silver prints (black and white, 8 x 10 in. or smaller)
89 Photographic prints ((1 v.), black and white, 23 x 18 cm. or smaller)
Container:
Volume 4
Culture:
Dogon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gelatin silver prints
Photographic prints
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Djenné (Mali)
Mali
Africa
Timbuktu (Mali)
San (Mali)
Gao (Mali)
Date:
1971
Summary:
Photographs taken by Marli Shamir in Mali, in 1971. The majority of the images show architecture in Djenne, Mali. Other images depict architecture of the Dogon in Timbuktu, Gao and San.

Photographs from this collection were featured by Labelle Prussin's thesis entitled, "The Architecture of Djenne; African Synthesis and Transformation," (Yale University, 1974) and in her book entitled, "Hatumere: Islamic Design in West Africa," (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986). The images have also been displayed in an exhibition entitled, "Marli Shamir Photographs from the Sahel," held in the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, in 1976.
Arrangement note:
Images indexed by negative number.
Biographical / Historical:
Marli Shamir (1919-2016) was an Israeli photographer known for her extensive work in Mali, the Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso from 1966-1973. Born and raised in Berlin, Shamir started studying photography during her teenage years and took photography classes at the Contempora Lehrateliers für neue Werkkunst (1934-1937). In 1938, she was forced to immigrate to Israel where she initially lived in a kibbutz. From 1941-1943, she worked at the mineralogy department of the Weizmann Institute in Rehovot, and then opened her own studio in Jerusalem in 1945. In 1953, she married Meir Shamir, a former Israeli Diplomat-Ambassador, and from 1966-1973 she lived successively in Mali, Gabon and Cote d'Ivoire. She held a particular fascination with architecture, monuments, mosques, arts and habitants. During her stay in Mali, she met Pascal James Imperato with whom she wrote the article Bokolanfini Mud Cloth of the Bamana of Mali, (African Arts, 1970). In 1976, she produced the exhibition Sahel at the Israeli museum in Jerusalem, which focused on the rural and urban architecture and people of the Sahel. The exhibition toured in Europe later that year. From 1977-1981, she lived in Strasbourg, where she focused on documenting the new style of architecture in Mali. Her work on this project is stored at the Center of Documentation in Strasbourg. In 2005, a book devoted to her photographs from Mali was published by the Grandvaux French Edition House. The National Poet of Mali, Albakaye Ousmane Kounta, collaborated with Shamir on the book of poetry Djenney-Ferey –La terre habitee (published by Grandaux, 2007), which is illustrated with Shamir's photographs. Shamir passed away in 2016 at the age of 93.
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Earth Architecture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Black-and-white photographs
Identifier:
EEPA.1995-025
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo70c376be1-6246-4dcc-af65-9969cc0a67e1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-1995-025

Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler

Biogeographical Region:
22 - West Tropical Africa  Search this
Collector:
Olaf Hagerup  Search this
Place:
Africæ occid. (Mission O. Olufsen 1927). Soudan français: Timbuktu., Mali, Africa
Collection Date:
5 Jul 1927
Common name:
Mutie vini
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Poales Poaceae Panicoideae
Published Name:
Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler
Barcode:
04279890
USNM Number:
2152498
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3310a0680-f158-401e-80e1-a66cd45df1dd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_16011367

Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler

Biogeographical Region:
22 - West Tropical Africa  Search this
Collector:
Olaf Hagerup  Search this
Place:
Africæ occid. (Mission O. Olufsen 1927). Soudan français: Timbuktu., Mali, Africa
Collection Date:
5 Jul 1927
Common name:
Mutie vini
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Poales Poaceae Panicoideae
Published Name:
Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler
Barcode:
04279891
USNM Number:
1386639
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/316490668-fbda-4e24-9587-06399cb5b02f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_16011368

Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler

Biogeographical Region:
22 - West Tropical Africa  Search this
Collector:
Olaf Hagerup  Search this
Place:
Africæ occid. (Mission O. Olufsen 1927). Soudan fran çais: Timbuktu., Mali, Africa
Collection Date:
18 Jul 1927
Common name:
Mutie vini
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Poales Poaceae Panicoideae
Published Name:
Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler
Barcode:
04279905
USNM Number:
1718604
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/391d596a0-6553-4290-aba6-4070c49a810f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_16010932

Chrysopogon nigritanus (Benth.) Veldkamp

Biogeographical Region:
22 - West Tropical Africa  Search this
Collector:
Olaf Hagerup  Search this
Place:
Africæ occid. (Mission O. Olufsen 1927). Soudan français: Timbuktu., Mali, Africa
Collection Date:
21 Jul 1927
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Poales Poaceae Panicoideae
Published Name:
Chrysopogon nigritanus (Benth.) Veldkamp
Barcode:
04100808
USNM Number:
1386631
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3788bcdbb-489a-4c12-bb97-ab0b51ba7b6a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_16339194

Tragus berteronianus Schult.

Biogeographical Region:
22 - West Tropical Africa  Search this
Collector:
Olaf Hagerup  Search this
Place:
Africæ occid. (Mission O. Olufsen 1927). Soudan français: Timbuktu., Mali, Africa
Collection Date:
10 Aug 1927
Common name:
spiked bur grass
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Poales Poaceae Chloridoideae
Published Name:
Tragus berteronianus Schult.
Barcode:
04201225
USNM Number:
2152512
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/38b316cf1-4321-47e1-84e7-2d2c5c4f7b96
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_16339827

Tragus racemosus (L.) All.

Biogeographical Region:
22 - West Tropical Africa  Search this
Collector:
Olaf Hagerup  Search this
Place:
Africæ occid. Mission O. Olufsen 1927. Soudan français: Timbuktu., Mali, Africa
Collection Date:
7 Jul 1927
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Poales Poaceae Chloridoideae
Published Name:
Tragus racemosus (L.) All.
Barcode:
04201361
USNM Number:
1386627
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/347a325d1-8f14-4de1-8559-accbc7db2fc1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_16336952

Leptothrium senegalense (Kunth) Clayton

Biogeographical Region:
22 - West Tropical Africa  Search this
Collector:
Olaf Hagerup  Search this
Place:
Africæ occid. (Mission O. Olufsen 1927). Soudan français: Timbuktu., Mali, Africa
Collection Date:
16 Jul 1927
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Poales Poaceae Chloridoideae
Published Name:
Leptothrium senegalense (Kunth) Clayton
Barcode:
04202978
USNM Number:
1718603
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3c835073d-ccd5-44dc-a189-9481f518de43
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_16337113

Leptothrium senegalense (Kunth) Clayton

Biogeographical Region:
22 - West Tropical Africa  Search this
Collector:
Olaf Hagerup  Search this
Place:
Africæ occid. (Mission O. Olufsen 1927). Soudan français: Timbuktu., Mali, Africa
Collection Date:
16 Jul 1927
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Poales Poaceae Chloridoideae
Published Name:
Leptothrium senegalense (Kunth) Clayton
Barcode:
04202979
USNM Number:
1386628
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/36b665de4-4674-4947-8c6c-ec3f7a0606a6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_16353089

Window

Medium:
Wood, metal
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 80 x 55.9 x 3.2 cm (31 1/2 x 22 x 1 1/4 in.)
Type:
Architectural Element
Geography:
Timbuktu, Mali
Date:
Mid 20th century
Topic:
Household  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Edmund Van Gilder
Object number:
66-22-1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7a3a71035-83cf-4659-a712-73730641da9d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_66-22-1

Amulet

Maker:
Tuareg artist  Search this
Medium:
Copper alloy, cord
Dimensions:
Necklace and Pendant: 27.9 x 20.5 x 0.7 cm (11 x 8 1/16 x 1/4 in.)
Pendant: 9.3 x 4.7 x 0.7 cm (3 11/16 x 1 7/8 x 1/4 in.)
Type:
Jewelry
Geography:
Timbuktu, Mali
Topic:
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of the Roy and Brigitta Mitchell Collection
Object number:
2010-10-82
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7302281a6-bd4c-4ffc-8a8c-fbe5058164d4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2010-10-82

Necklace

Medium:
Plant fiber, wood
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 24.5 x 23.2 x 2 cm (9 5/8 x 9 1/8 x 13/16 in.)
Type:
Jewelry
Geography:
Timbuktu, Mali
Topic:
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of the Roy and Brigitta Mitchell Collection
Object number:
2010-10-15
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys71d370cd2-9326-484c-ae84-949490800f57
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2010-10-15

Pendant

Object Name:
tabzimt
Maker:
Kabyle artist  Search this
Medium:
Silver alloy, coral, enamel
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 14.2 x 11 x 2 cm (5 9/16 x 4 5/16 x 13/16 in.)
Type:
Jewelry
Geography:
Kabylie, Algeria
Date:
ca. 1905
Topic:
Marriage  Search this
Status  Search this
Adornment  Search this
Female use  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. James Phoenix in memory of Charlotte MacFadden
Object number:
92-11-1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7a62dc184-13be-4041-9cf7-f4931a828d99
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_92-11-1
Online Media:

Bracelet

Maker:
Undetermined artist  Search this
Medium:
Plant fiber, wood
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 3.5 x 6.9 x 6.3 cm (1 3/8 x 2 11/16 x 2 1/2 in.)
Type:
Jewelry
Geography:
Timbuktu, Mali
Date:
Mid-20th century
Topic:
Adornment  Search this
Female use  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of the Roy and Brigitta Mitchell Collection
Object number:
2010-10-401
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7d95a9562-be03-4472-b7b2-60315d94bce3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2010-10-401

Straw bracelet

Collector:
Dr. Labelle Prussin  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. Labelle Prussin  Search this
Length:
7.5 cm
Width:
6 cm
Height:
4.5 cm
Culture:
Songhay  Search this
Object Type:
Bracelet
Place:
Timbuktu, Mali, Africa
Accession Date:
24 Nov 2000
Collection Date:
1965
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
420734
USNM Number:
E431617-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/390268044-d6e3-4e51-9014-8adae50b06c4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8548079

Straw necklace

Collector:
Dr. Labelle Prussin  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. Labelle Prussin  Search this
Width - Large Bead:
1.5 cm
Length - Large Bead:
3.5 cm
Length:
32 cm
Culture:
Songhay  Search this
Object Type:
Necklace
Place:
Timbuktu, Mali, Africa
Accession Date:
24 Nov 2000
Collection Date:
1965
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
420734
USNM Number:
E431618-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/31fc59449-624f-4d49-a12f-c0ffc3ba08e4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8548080

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