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Draft article

Creator:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Collection Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Culture:
American Indians -- Astronomy  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Draft of brief article on "Astronomical Ideas" probably intended for the Handbook of American Indians, with a note of general criticism and outline bibliography by F. W. Hodge.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1647(20)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 1647, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 1647 Miscellaneous materials by Hewitt and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw316b0df77-aca8-4363-a640-48edef45878a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms1647-ref15

Letter to W. J. McGee

Creator:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Addressee:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Names:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Collection Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Culture:
Subhina  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
April 30, 1900
Scope and Contents:
Asking for information from A. S. Gatschet concerning the Subhina of Central America.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1647(37)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 1647, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 1647 Miscellaneous materials by Hewitt and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw36183673a-19a8-4207-b2d3-88c780ff891b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms1647-ref34

Letter to W. J. McGee

Creator:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Addressee:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Collection Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
March 10, 1902
Scope and Contents:
Discussing plans to move to Washington and hopes to continue work.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1647(36)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 1647, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 1647 Miscellaneous materials by Hewitt and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw329d28a20-3c91-4843-9b0a-5bd9cfb83e68
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms1647-ref37

The circular, square, and octagonal earthworks of Ohio by Cyrus Thomas

Author:
Thomas, Cyrus 1825-1910  Search this
Author:
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of Ethnology  Search this
Physical description:
35 pages illustrations, 11 folded 23 cm
Type:
Books
Pamphlets
Place:
Ohio
OHIO
ESTADOS UNIDOS
Date:
1889
Topic:
Mounds  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
INDIOS DE ESTADOS UNIDOS--ANTIGUEDADES  Search this
TUMULOS  Search this
Call number:
E78.O3 T45 1889
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1005655

Central American hieroglyphic writing

Author:
Thomas, Cyrus 1825-1910  Search this
Physical description:
705-721 pages, iii plates (1 color) illustrations 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1904
Topic:
Mayan languages--Writing  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_985742

MS 7038 Letter to Cyrus Thomas concerning Thomas and J.N.B. Hewitt's article on the location of Xuala and Guaxule in Science, XXI (N.S.), 863-67

Creator:
Lowery, Woodbury, 1853-1906  Search this
Addressee:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Extent:
2 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
July 13, 1905
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7038
Local Note:
Autograph document signed
Topic:
Names, place -- Xuala  Search this
Names, place -- Guaxule  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7038, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7038
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e6b4b6f3-f884-48f6-8f6d-5b92312e5e00
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7038

MS 7118 Catalog of Specimens

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology. Mound Exploration Division  Search this
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Extent:
17 Volumes
12 Items (1/2 in. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Place:
United States -- Archeology
Date:
1882-87
Scope and Contents:
Generally provided is a BAE (Thomas) number, USNM number, type of specimen, location found, and special remarks concerning provenience, and the collector, and the collectorʹs number (mark). Two sets have explanatory remarks at the beginning of volume 1. There are irregularities in the sequence of the entries but generally they are by USNM number.
There are two sets of the catalog, one maintained by the BAE and the other by the USNM. In addition, there are three volumes of a third set. The catalog is described by Cyrus Thomas in BAE AR 12 (1890-91), page 22.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7118
Citation:
Manuscript 7118, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7118
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw374f77c3e-d5a2-4c10-af83-e8e0693e9283
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7118

MS 1529 Map of Clinton County, Ohio

Author:
Richardson, J. M. (Jonathan M.)  Search this
Austin, George McKendree, 1856-1930  Search this
Collector:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Extent:
1 Sheet (14 x 16 in.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sheets
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1529
Topic:
Clinton County -- Ohio -- Mounds -- Archeology  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1529, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1529
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3f37fbabb-9a46-4960-8ef6-e637e43f0352
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1529

MS 3705 Palenque Visited by Cortez

Collector:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Names:
Cortés, Hernán, 1485-1547  Search this
Extent:
9 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3705
Topic:
Mexico -- Palenque  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3705, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3705
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3cbfcc474-8862-4464-9082-9b04949224f0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3705

MS 103 Mixtec and Zapotec Languages

Creator:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Addressee:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Extent:
6 Pages
Culture:
Mixtec  Search this
Zapotec  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Also letter of transmittal addressed to J.N.B. Hewitt. Typescript document. 1 page. July 17, 1901.
Discussion of ideas and reference sources re. comparison of the Mixtec and Zapotec languages. Thomas gives 2 1/2 pages of Mixtec and Zapotec word lists. This is not a complete work on the subject, simply notes for an eventual study.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 103
Local Note:
typescript document
Topic:
Mexico  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 103, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS103
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw350debf6f-b9bc-4714-b665-011f9a40eab7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms103

MS 2400 Division of Mound Exploration Records

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology. Mound Exploration Division  Search this
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Extent:
11 Boxes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
United States -- Archeology -- Mounds
Date:
1881-1889
Scope and Contents:
Includes reports, field notes, drawings, correspondence and other materials relating to mound explorations by Cyrus Thomas and collaborators, including F. S. Earle, J. W. Emmert, Gerard Fowke, Charles C. Jones, J. P. MacLean, J. D. Middleton, Warren K. Moorehead, P. W. Norris, Edward Palmer, H. L. Reynolds, J. P. Rogan. L. H. Thing.

Site reports and correspondence relating to specified localities are arranged by state. There are separate files of material relating to more than one state; correspondence of a general nature; and bibliographic references.
Contents:
Alabama - Arkansas; Canada, Florida - Illinois; also California and Canada, Indiana - New York, New York - North Dakota (and South Dakota), Ohio, Oregon - Tennessee (South Dakota, see North Dakota) Virginia - Wisconsin, "Miscellaneous and General" (more than one state discussed) General Correspondence, 1882-1892, A - Z Bibliography; Newsclippings; Thomas, Personal Miscellanea.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2400
Citation:
Manuscript 2400, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2400
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e0ebe0d0-432f-4dab-b9df-90d717b733e2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2400

MS 2557-b Original manuscript on the Hawaiian Bibliography

Collector:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Creator:
Ballou, Howard M.  Search this
Extent:
615 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
With miscellaneous notes, etc.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2557-b
Local Note:
1907-1909 correspondence relating to bibliography filed Ballou, H. M., 1907. (Should be in Bureau of American Ethnology letters received, National Anthropological Archives).
Topic:
Hawaii  Search this
Oceania  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2557-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2557B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32923b3d3-6f4a-4bdb-b583-19a8b49c759a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2557b

MS 3726 Foreign Influence in Prehistoric Florida

Creator:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Extent:
9 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Place:
Florida -- Archaeology
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3726
Citation:
Manuscript 3726, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3726
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39969f97c-e9cc-4eb3-b963-130703f64e5b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3726

MS 3985 Letter from Dr Thomas to Professor McGee

Collector:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Addressee:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Extent:
8 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Maps
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Relative to Georgia map in the Eighteenth Annual Report (Royce-Indian Land Cessions in the U.S.)
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3985
Topic:
Georgia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Citation:
Manuscript 3985, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3985
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30f5c51d0-5154-4cc2-b719-579826004248
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3985

MS 1869 Origin of the Polynesians

Creator:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Correspondent:
Alexander, W. D. (William De Witt), 1833-1913  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Extent:
157 Items (pages + newspaper clipping )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Polynesia -- Polynesian origins
Date:
1894
1910
Scope and Contents:
137 page manuscript, 20 pages of miscellaneous notes, letter from Dr. Thomas to Dr. W.D. Alexander, Honolulu and a newspaper clipping regarding Dr. Alexander.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1869
Citation:
Manuscript 1869, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1869
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw315f0656d-0c28-43ac-8f0f-844d8a95cfb4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1869

MS 3711 Notes on the Method of Counting by the Quiches, of Vera Paz

Collector:
Burkitt, Robert James, 1869-1945  Search this
Creator:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Addressee:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
10 Pages
Culture:
K'iche' Maya (Quiché)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
October 18, 1900-November 9, 1900
Scope and Contents:
Also letter from Dr Cyrus Thomas to Major Powell with comments on the manuscript.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3711
Topic:
Numbers -- Maya  Search this
Guatemala  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3711, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3711
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39767b1d4-14da-4726-b420-3f1c2d2bfe12
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3711

MS 3260 Correspondence regarding Cyrus Thomas' study of Pre-columbian Mexican manuscripts and writing systems

Correspondent:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Brinton, Daniel G. (Daniel Garrison), 1837-1899  Search this
Rosny, Léon de, 1837-1914  Search this
Dacus, J. A. (Joseph A.)  Search this
Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887  Search this
Peñafiel, Antonio, 1830-1922  Search this
Creator:
Butler, Amos W. (Amos William), 1860-1937  Search this
Extent:
33 Pages
Culture:
Mayas  Search this
Maya  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Calendars
Date:
1884, 1885, 1886
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence on Professor Thomas' Mexican and Mayan Researches.
Contents: Three letters from Dr Daniel G. Brinton re. various articles by Thomas, including criticisms and corrections, 1884 and 1885. Draft of a letter to Dr Brinton from Thomas, no date. Letter from Dr J. A. Dacus to Spencer F. Baird (forwarded to Thomas) re. inscribed tablet found in Zacatecas, Mexico, 1885. Letter from Antonio Penafiel re. consignment of Mexican Manuscripts for study, 1886. Letter from Leon de Rosny (in French with attached translation) re. article on Codex Cortesiano by Thomas, 1884. Article on the "Sacrificial Stone of San Juan Teotihuacan" sent by the author, Amos W. Butler, 1885. Note and clipping entitled, "Key to Aztec Literature" sent to Thomas by J. Stevenson, 1884.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3260
Local Note:
typescript and autograph document
Topic:
Archeology -- Mexico  Search this
Mayas  Search this
Writing systems -- glyphs  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Central America  Search this
Genre/Form:
Calendars
Citation:
Manuscript 3260, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3260
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3196e6a8a-96c9-4b26-b5f9-60df92d7cd66
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3260

MS 4014 Letter to J. N. B. Hewitt

Creator:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Addressee:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Names:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Extent:
5 Pages
Culture:
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Encloses criticisms of James C. Mooney's "Siouan Tribes of the East," Bureau of American Ethnology-Bulletin 22, 1894. Autograph letter signed. 1 page. Autograph document. 4 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4014
Local Note:
autograph letter signed
autograph document
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4014, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4014
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3682de8f0-9d35-409a-b73a-9c7f567ce552
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4014

Cyrus Thomas photograph collection relating to Mayan and Aztec carvings

Creator:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Photographer:
Alvarez y Medina  Search this
Kildare y Cia  Search this
Names:
Museo Nacional de Antropología (Mexico)  Search this
Artist:
Waldeck, Frédéric de, 1766-1875  Search this
Extent:
35 Mounted prints (albumen and silver gelatin)
Culture:
Mayas  Search this
Aztec (archaeological culture)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Place:
Mexico -- Antiquities
Date:
circa 1880-1910
Scope and Contents note:
The bulk of the photographs document Mayan reliefs and hieroglyphics at ancient sites, including Chichen Itza, Palenque, and Yaxchilan. Additional photographs depict items in the Museo Nacional de Antropologia in Mexico, including a necklace, the Stone of Tizoc, and a stone altar disk to Tlaltecuhtli. The collection includes photographs made by Alvarez y Medina, Kildare y Cia, and a photograph of a drawing by Frederic de Waldeck.
Biographical/Historical note:
Cyrus Thomas (1825-1910) was an archeologist for the Bureau of American Ethnology best known for his work on American Indian burial mounds in the American Midwest. Born in Kingsport, Tennessee, Thomas was educated in law and served as Deputy County Clerk under his brother-in-law, the County Clerk of Jackson County, Illinois (1850-1853). In 1858, Thomas helped found the Illinois Natural History Society, through which he met John Wesley Powell. Thomas served for a brief period as an Evangelical Lutheran minister (1864-1866) before becoming an entomologist for the U.S. Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories (1869-1873), Illinois State Entomologist (1874-1876), and a member of the US Entomological Commission (1876-1882). In 1876, he also worked as a professor of natural history at Southern Illinois Normal College and founded the school's Museum of Natural History (now the University Museum). During this time, Thomas also became interested in Mesoamerican ethnology, publishing articles about Mesoamerican codices and writing systems. In 1881 Thomas joined the Bureau of American Ethnology at the Smithsonian and served as the Director of the Division of Mound Exploration, a position he maintained until his death in 1910.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 169
Location of Other Archival Materials:
This collection has been relocated from Photo Lot 123.
Additional Cyrus Thomas materials relating to Mesoamerica held in the National Anthropological Archives are in MS 103, MS 1328, MS 3705, MS 3956, MS 3530, MS 3941, MS 3260, MS 2337, and MS 3920-b.
Correspondence from Thomas is held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4821, the J. C. Pilling papers, and records of the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Indians of Mexico -- Languages -- writing  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot 169, Cyrus Thomas photograph collection relating to Mayan and Aztec carvings, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.169
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw311327802-8625-4e30-9483-a266e8d1b0c4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-169

MS 1328 Sun, moon and maize in many languages of the Southwest, of Mexico, and South and Central America

Collector:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Extent:
11 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1328
Topic:
South America  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Central America  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1328, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1328
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37b92c6b7-a413-4343-9e1b-10a691338ab5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1328

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