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Sketches of Windmills, Zaandam

Artist:
Whitney Warren Jr., American, 1864–1943  Search this
Medium:
Brush and watercolor, graphite on cream paperboard tipped into binding with fabric
Type:
landscapes
Album page
Object Name:
Album page
Made in:
Zaandam, Netherlands
Date:
August 25, 1887
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. William Greenough
Accession Number:
1943-51-19
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1943-51-19

Wurlitzer Company Records

Creator:
Rudolph Wurlitzer Company  Search this
Names:
All-American Mohawk Company  Search this
Apollo Piano Company  Search this
Beach-Carlisle Violin Company  Search this
Caldwell Piano Company  Search this
Central Discount Company  Search this
Dayton Photo Products Company  Search this
DeKalb Piano Company  Search this
Dekleist Musical Instruments Company  Search this
Deutsch Wurlitzer  Search this
Eagle Radio Company  Search this
Everett Piano Company  Search this
Fox Theatres Corporation  Search this
Lyric Piano Company  Search this
Milner Music Company  Search this
Morsatti, Inc.  Search this
North Tonawanda Barrel Organ Company  Search this
Robert L. Loud Music Company  Search this
Rudolph Wurlitzer Company  Search this
Southern Ohio Radio Corporation  Search this
Western Industries Corporation  Search this
Wunderlich Piano Company  Search this
Wurlbild Corporation  Search this
Wurlitzer Acceptance Corporation  Search this
Wurlitzer Company  Search this
Wurlitzer Company of California  Search this
Wurlitzer Grand Piano Company  Search this
Youngstown Music Company  Search this
Rolfing, R.C.  Search this
Wurlitzer, Farny  Search this
Wurlitzer, Rembert  Search this
Wurlitzer, Rudolph  Search this
Extent:
56 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Minute books
Account books
Financial records
Stock records
Reports
Advertisements
Sales records
Audits
Cashbooks
Ledgers (account books)
Annual reports
Photographs
Journals (accounts)
Price lists
Trade catalogs
Publications
Employee records
Marketing records
Commercial catalogs
Place:
DeKalb (Ill.)
North Tonawanda (N.Y.)
Corinth (Miss.)
Cincinnati (Ohio)
Date:
1860-1984
Summary:
The collection documents the history and development of the Wurlitzer Company and consists of company publications, business records, employee files, manufacturing records, sales and marketing records, product information, publicity, advertising, photographs, audiovisual materials, and organ installation drawings.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the history and the development of the Wurlitzer Company. Materials include company publications, business records, employee files, manufacturing records, sales and marketing records, product information, publicity, advertising, photographs, audiovisual materials, and organ installation drawings. The material in the collection spans from 1856-1986, although information prior to 1899 is sparse.
Arrangement:
The Collection is arranged into fourteen series.

Series 1: Wurlitzer Company Histories, Company Events, and General Business Materials, circa 1880-1987; undated

Series 2: Publications, 1910-1989; undated

Series 3: Advertising and Promotional Materials, 1911-1978

Series 4: Product Information, 1860-1984; undated

Series 5: Photographs of Wurlitzer Manufacturing Plants, Employees, Stores, and Dealerships, 1869-1970; undated

Series 6: Photographs of Wurlitzer Products and Product Sales Promotions, 1900-1978; undated

Series 7, Photographs Used in Wurlitzer Advertising and Public Relations, 1904-1970; undated

Series 8: Wurlitzer Employee Records and Related Materials, 1909-1961; undated

Series 9: Production and Shipping Records, 1905-1987

Series 10: Shipping and Sales Records for Wurlitzer Dealerships, Wurlitzer Retail Stores, and Rembert Wurlitzer, Incorporated, 1917-1952

Series 11, Records of Stock Certificates, Meeting Minutes, and Related Financial and Legal Documents, 1907-1972

Series 12, Rudolph Wurlitzer Company Financial Records, 1893-1986

Series 13, Maps and Charts, 1931-1976

Series 14, Organ Installation Drawings, 1920-1931; undated
Historical Note:
The Wurlitzer Company began in 1856 when Rudolph Wurlitzer, a Cincinnati bank clerk, sold seven hundred dollars worth of musical instruments he had bought from family and friends in Germany. The busi¬ness was incorporated in Ohio in 1890 under the name the Ru¬dolph Wurlitzer Company." For the first fifty years, Wurlitzer was primarily a retail instrument business operating out of its Cincinnati Store headquarters. Although fire destroyed the com¬pany's headquarters in 1904, a new building was completed in time to celebrate Wurlitzer's fiftieth anniversary in 1906.

In 1908, the Wurlitzer Company bought the DeKleist Musical In¬strument Manufacturing Company in North Tonawanda, New York. The Rudolph Wurlitzer Manufacturing Company continued produc¬tion of automatic musical instruments including player pianos, military bands and pianorchestras. In 1910, the Wurlitzer Company bought the Hope-Jones Organ Company and began to manufacture unit-or¬chestra pipe organs at their North Tonawanda plant. These were pipe organs equipped with bells, gongs, horns and sirens. They became known as Mighty Wurlitzers and provided the musical back¬ground in silent movie houses all over the world and were also built for churches and private homes. In 1919, Wurlitzer bought the Melville-Clark Piano Company of DeKalb, Illinois. Wurlitzer pianos were then manufactured at the DeKalb facilities under a variety of names: the Apollo Piano Company, the DeKalb Piano Company and the Wurlitzer Grand Piano Company. Each name des¬ignated a different quality, price range and style.

With the decline of sales during the 1920s and 1930s, pro¬duction of automatic musical instruments ceased until the manu¬facture of the first jukebox in 1934. In 1930, the Julius Bauer Piano Company was purchased and continued to build pianos in that name until shortly before World War II. For a brief time, radios and refrigerators were made by the Wurlitzer controlled Air-Amer¬ican Mohawk Corporation. It was not a successful venture and ended in the mid-1930s. Many of the Wurlitzer retail stores were, at that time, in bad locations and needed repairs. The solutions to these problems came about with a reorganization of the company in 1935. With the reorganization, many retail stores were sold, piano manufacturing was consolidated in DeKalb and many subsidiaries were dissolved or absorbed completely into the Wurlitzer Company.

During World War II, Wurlitzer halted production of musical in¬struments. The company's defense production efforts were rec¬ognized in 1943 and 1944 when it is North Tonawanda and DeKalb plants received the Army-Navy "E" Award. In 1946, peacetime production resumed and the Wurlitzer Company introduced two new instruments: the electric organ in 1947 and the electric piano in 1954. In 1956, the Wurlitzer Company celebrated its centennial. That same year a new plant at Corinth, Mississippi, was completed. Later, plants were opened in Holly Springs, Mississippi (1961), Logan, Utah (1970) and Hullhorst, West Germany, (1960). The new facilities replaced those at North Tonawanda and DeKalb. The North Tonawanda plant ceased production of jukeboxes in 1974, becoming the company's engineering and research center. In 1973, the DeKalb plant ended production of pianos maintaining only mar¬keting and administrative offices. In 1977, the Wurlitzer Com¬pany's corporate headquarters moved to DeKalb, including the en¬gineering and research center from North Tonawanda.

Wurlitzer's three sons had assumed leadership of the company after his death in 1914. Each son acted as president then, chair of the board, successively. The company hired R.C. Rolfing in 1934 as vice-president and general manager. His re¬organization helped the company through the Depression years. Rolfing succeeded the last of the founder's sons in 1941 as pres¬ident of the company and in 1966 as chair of the board. Farny Wurlitzer, Rudolph's youngest son, died in 1972. A.D. Arsem succeeded Rolfing in 1974 as chair of the board. George B. Howell succeeded W. N. Herleman as president of the company.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Steinway & Sons Records and Family Papers, 1857-1919 (AC0178)

Chickering & Sons Piano Company Collection, 1864-1985 (AC0264)

Sohmer & Company Records, 1872-1989 (AC0349)

William J. Lenz Piano Tuning Collection, circa 1903-1955 (AC0511)

Janssen Piano Company Records, 1901-1929 (AC0512)

John R. Anderson Piano Trade Literature and Ephemera Collection, circa 1850-1990 (AC1257)

Warshaw Collection of Business America's Piano and Organ related materials (AC0060)
Provenance:
Collection donated by Northern Illinois University, and Regional History Center, 1994, November 11.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Violin -- Manufacture  Search this
Radio -- Receivers and reception  Search this
Coin-operated machines  Search this
Accordion  Search this
Jukeboxes -- Manufacture  Search this
Harp -- Manufacture  Search this
Piano -- History  Search this
Player organ  Search this
Accordion -- Manufacture  Search this
Piano makers  Search this
Organ -- Manufacture  Search this
Organ -- History  Search this
Wurlitzer organ  Search this
Musical instrument makers  Search this
Mechanical organs  Search this
Mechanical musical instruments  Search this
Musical instruments  Search this
Genre/Form:
Minute books
Account books
Financial records
Stock records
Reports
Advertisements
Sales records
Audits
Cashbooks
Ledgers (account books)
Annual reports
Photographs -- 19th century
Journals (accounts)
Price lists
Trade catalogs
Publications
Employee records
Marketing records
Commercial catalogs
Citation:
Wurlitzer Company Records, 1860-1984, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0469
See more items in:
Wurlitzer Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0469
Online Media:

[these documents originally bound into minute book of

Collection Creator:
Rudolph Wurlitzer Company  Search this
Container:
Box 84, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1890-1899]
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Wurlitzer Company Records, 1860-1984, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Wurlitzer Company Records
Wurlitzer Company Records / Series 11: Records of Stock Certificates, Meeting Minutes, and Related Financial and Legal Documents / 11.1: Rudolph Wurlitzer Company, Wurlitzer Subsidiaries, and Other Related Companies
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0469-ref1275

David M. Brown Papers

Creator:
Brown, David M.  Search this
Extent:
11.76 Cubic feet (33 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1970-2005
bulk 1980-2002
Summary:
The David M. Brown Papers consist of almost twelve cubic feet of archival material documenting his career as a U.S. Navy flight surgeon, naval aviator, and NASA astronaut. It includes Brown's diaries, manuals, checklists, certificates, workbooks, notebooks, and related training materials.
Scope and Contents:
The David M. Brown Papers reflect Brown's career as a U.S. Navy flight surgeon, naval aviator, and NASA astronaut. Represented in some of the collection's correspondence, memoranda, and other materials is his early interest in becoming an astronaut, his applying to NASA, and his selection by the space agency as an astronaut candidate. Most of this collection consists of materials related to his professional work. A large part of this series is composed of technical manuals, handbooks and checklists. Also included in this grouping are official U.S. Navy/NASA documents, correspondence, memoranda, drafts, worksheets, reports, handouts, briefings, notes, photographs, invitations, programs, pamphlets, books, booklets, guidebooks, magazines, journals, and miscellaneous materials. The rest of the collection contains a small amount of personal materials. This includes personal documents from Brown (birth certificate, passports, etc.), correspondence, day planners, yearbooks, photographs, and miscellaneous materials.
Arrangement:
The Brown Papers are organized into two broad series. First, is the material pertaining to Brown's personal life. This includes personal documents, correspondence, day planners, yearbooks and photographs. The second series contains papers revolving around Brown's professional life. This includes official U.S. Navy/NASA documents, correspondence, memoranda, notes, drafts, reports, handouts, briefings, a variety of manuals, checklists, handbooks, procedures and instructions, notebooks, photographs, invitations, programs, pamphlets, books, guidebooks, magazines, journals, and miscellaneous materials. Brown's papers are arranged both chronologically and alphabetically. Official and personal documents, correspondence, memoranda, notes, drafts, worksheets, photographs, invitations, programs, pamphlets, magazines, journals, day planners, yearbooks and miscellaneous materials are organized by the former method. Reports, handouts, briefings, manuals, handbooks, checklists, procedures, instructions, books, booklets, and guidebooks are arranged alphabetically by title. The reader will note that the parts of this finding aid containing manuals, handbooks, checklists, procedures, and instructions are further organized into the following groupings: NASA only, corporation/contractor only, jointly-issued NASA and corporation/contractor, and miscellaneous.

The reader should note that this group of material also contains a collection of films pertaining to Brown's life and career as an astronaut. A National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Archives staff person can assist you regarding access to these films.

SERIES I -- Personal Papers

Personal Documents

Correspondence

Day Planners

Yearbooks

Photographs

Miscellaneous Materials

SERIES II -- Professional Papers

Official U.S. Navy/NASA Documents

Correspondence

Memoranda

Notes, Drafts, and Worksheets

Reports, Handouts, and Briefings

Manuals, Handbooks, Checklists, Procedures, and Instructions

Notebooks and Workbooks

Photographs

Invitations, Programs, and Pamphlets

Books

Booklets and Guidebooks

Magazines and Journals

Newsletters

News Clippings

Miscellaneous Materials

Oversized Materials
Biographical / Historical:
David M. Brown was a U.S. Navy officer, flight surgeon, naval aviator, and Space Shuttle astronaut. Born in Arlington, Virginia, on April 16, 1956, Brown earned a B.S. in biology from the College of William and Mary in 1978 and a doctorate in medicine from Eastern Virginia Medical School in 1982. During his years in college, he performed in the Circus Kingdom as an unicyclist, stilt walker, and acrobat. Upon completing an internship at the Medical University of South Carolina, Brown joined the Navy and finished his flight surgeon training in 1984. After a stint as director of medical services at the Navy Branch Hospital in Adak, Alaska, he was then assigned to Carrier Airwing Fifteen which deployed aboard the USS Carl Vinson in the western section of the Pacific Ocean. In 1988, Brown was selected for pilot training, the only flight surgeon chosen for this program in over ten years. Two years later, he was designated a naval aviator and ranked first in his class. Subsequently, Brown was sent for training and carrier qualification in the Grumman A-6E Intruder. In 1991, he was attached to the Naval Strike Warfare Center in Fallon, Nevada, where he served as a Strike Leader Attack Training Syllabus Instructor and a Contingency Cell Planning Officer. The following year, he was sent to serve aboard the USS Independence, flying the A-6E with squadron VA-115. In 1995, he reported to the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School as their flight surgeon. By this time, Brown was qualified in a variety of military aircraft, including the McDonnell Douglas F-18 Hornet and the Northrop T-38 Talon. All told, Brown accumulated over 2,700 hours with 1,700 in high performance military aircraft.

For a long time, Brown harbored a strong desire to become an astronaut. During the mid 1990s, he applied for admission into the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) astronaut corps. In April 1996, Brown was selected as an astronaut candidate by the space agency and reported to the Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Houston, Texas, later that year. By 1998, he completed his training and evaluation, and was qualified for flight assignment as a mission specialist. Initially, Brown was given the task of supporting payload development for the International Space Station (ISS), followed by an assignment on the astronaut support team responsible for Space Shuttle cockpit setup, crew strap-in, and landing recovery. Eventually, he was assigned a flight aboard Space Shuttle Columbia for the STS-107 mission. Columbia was launched from the Kennedy Space center (KSC) on January 16, 2003. This 16-day flight was dedicated to scientific research while in Earth orbit. On February 1, after the successful in-space mission and only minutes from its scheduled landing at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Cape Canaveral, Florida, the orbiter suffered structural failure upon reentry into the atmosphere and disintegrated over Texas and Louisiana. Brown, as well as the other six members of the STS-107 crew, was killed in the accident. Brown logged 15 days, 22 hours and 20 minutes of space flight experience.

The following chronology covers key events in Brown's life, as well as in the realm of space exploration history. Events involving Brown are shown in normal type while those of the latter are shown in bold type.

1956 April 16 -- Brown born in Arlington, Virginia

1957 October 4 -- Russia's successful launch of first artificial satellite,Sputnik 1

1958 January 31 -- Successful launch of first U.S. artificial satellite,Explorer 1

1961 April 12 -- Russia's successful launch of first human into space, Yuri Gagarin aboardVostok 1

1961 May 5 -- Successful launch of first U.S. astronaut into space, Alan Shepard aboard Mercury-Redstone 3 (Freedom 7)

1969 July 16-24 -- Flight ofApollo 11succeeds in landing U.S. astronauts on the moon

1972 -- The Nixon administration approves the Space Shuttle as a national program

1974 -- Brown graduates from Yorktown High School, Yorktown, Virginia

1977 August-October -- Series of five Approach and Landing Tests (within the atmosphere) of Space ShuttleEnterprise

1978 -- Brown graduates from William and Mary College with a B.S. in biology

1981 April 12 -- First launch into earth orbit for the Space Shuttle program byColumbia(STS-1)

1982 -- Brown graduates from Eastern Virginia Medical School with a doctorate in Medicine (M.D.)

1984 -- Brown completes his U.S. Navy flight surgeon training

1986 January 28 -- Space ShuttleChallenger(STS-51-L) explodes shortly after launch, killing all on board

1988 -- Brown is selected by the U.S. Navy for pilot training

1988 September 29 -- Return to flight of the Space Shuttle program byDiscovery(STS-26)

1990 -- Brown is designated as a naval aviator and ranks first in his class

1990 April 24 -- Launch of Space ShuttleDiscovery(STS-31) with Hubble Space Telescope (HST) as payload

1991 -- Brown is attached to the Naval Strike Warfare Center in Fallon, Nevada

1992 -- Brown serves aboard aircraft carrier USS Independence and pilots the Grumman A-6E Intruder aircraft with VA-115

1995 -- Brown reports to U.S. Naval Test Pilot School as the flight surgeon

1996 April -- Brown is selected by NASA as an astronaut candidate (ASCAN)

1998 -- Brown successfully completes his astronaut training and evaluation

1998 October 29 -- Launch of Space ShuttleDiscovery(STS-95) with astronaut John Glenn returning to space after his first orbital flight aboardFriendship 7in 1962

2003 January 16 -- Launch of Brown and the crew of Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-107)

2003 February 1 -- STS-107 disintegrates over Texas and Louisiana shortly before scheduled landing at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Florida, with the loss of Brown and the crew
Provenance:
Paul and Dorothy Brown, Gift, 2006
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Space flight  Search this
Astronautics  Search this
Citation:
David M. Brown Papers, Acc. 2006-0013, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0013
See more items in:
David M. Brown Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2006-0013
Online Media:

Astronaut Diaries

Collection Creator:
Brown, David M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
2005
Scope and Contents:
Dave Brown on February 1, 2003 was a first-time astronaut aboard the space shuttle Columbia (STS-107). Dave was also an aspiring filmmaker who shot hundreds of hours of the training process leading up to what would become Columbia's final mission. He captured the weeks and months of training that began well before the Columbia shuttle moved to the launch pad. In scenes usually veiled from the public, ASTRONAUT DIARIES reveals the bonds that from among these seven disparate individuals who very soon would become cohesive members of a team of historic explorers. Interviews and comments from the crew of STS-107.

Marabella Productions.

Film Type: Color; Sound; DVD Run Time: 0:51:30
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
David M. Brown Papers, Acc. 2006-0013, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0013, Item DA 00024
See more items in:
David M. Brown Papers
David M. Brown Papers / Videotapes
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0013-ref1053

Personal Papers

Collection Creator:
Brown, David M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1956-2004
Scope and Contents:
This series contains personal documents, correspondence, day planners, yearbooks, photographs, and miscellaneous materials. These items are all arranged chronologically.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
David M. Brown Papers, Acc. 2006-0013, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0013, Series 1
See more items in:
David M. Brown Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0013-ref12

SCDB-031: EVMS Reunion

Collection Creator:
Brown, David M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Crew National Outdoor Leadership School (NOLS) Video (set to music) same as tape 30 but longer, possible pre-edit. Letterbox Northrop T-38 Talon; Kennedy Space Center pad; Vehicle Assembly Building; runway; night flying; spacelab; IRC experiment; glovebox; Boeing KC-135; blood draw; ascent MBS. Launch; SIM & MOCR; shutdown APUZ PR on these SIMS; solid rocket booster separation (dramatic music) MBS with Starwars lighting.

Film Type: Color; Sound; MiniDV (SD) Run Time: 0:13:52
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
David M. Brown Papers, Acc. 2006-0013, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0013, Item VK 00029
See more items in:
David M. Brown Papers
David M. Brown Papers / Videotapes
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0013-ref925

The Garden Club of America collection

Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Names:
New York Flower Show  Search this
Extent:
37,000 Slides (35mm slides)
33 Linear feet ((garden files))
3,000 Lantern slides
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Lantern slides
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Slides (photographs)
Date:
circa 1920-present
Summary:
This collection contains over 37,000 35mm slides, 3,000 glass lantern slides and garden files that may include descriptive information, photocopied articles (from journals, newspapers, or books), planting lists, correspondence, brochures, landscape plans and drawings. Garden files were compiled by Garden Club of America (GCA) members for most of the gardens included in the collection. Some gardens have been photographed over the course of several decades; others only have images from a single point in time. In addition to images of American gardens, there are glass lantern slides of the New York Flower Show (1941-1951) and trips that GCA members took to other countries, including Mexico (1937), Italy, Spain, Japan (1935), France (1936), England (1929), and Scotland.

A number of the slides are copies of historic images from outside repositories including horticultural and historical societies or from horticultural books and publications. The GCA made a concerted effort in the mid-1980s to acquire these images in order to increase its documentation of American garden history. Because of copyright considerations, use of these particular images may be restricted.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Garden Club of America was established in 1913 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when the Garden Club of Philadelphia and eleven other garden clubs met to create a national garden club. Its purpose is to foster the knowledge and love of gardening and to restore and protect the quality of the environment through educational programs and gardening and conservation efforts. The GCA was incorporated in Delaware in 1923, with its headquarters established in New York City. Today, local clubs are organized under twelve regional zones. The GCA continues its tradition of hosting flower shows and publishing material related to gardening in the United States.

The GCA's glass lantern slides were used by The GCA for presentations and lectures about notable gardens throughout the United States dating back to colonial times. An effort was made in the late 1980s, in preparation of the 75th anniversary of the Garden Club of America's founding, to collect the disbursed slides. These slides were to eventually form the Slide Library of Notable American Parks and Gardens. The informational value of this collection is extensive since a number of images of the more than 4,500 gardens represented show garden designs that have changed over time or no longer exist. While the majority of images document a range of designed upper and upper-middle class gardens throughout the U.S., the scope of the collection is expanding as volunteers photograph and document contemporary gardens including community and vernacular gardens.

The gardens illustrate the design work of dozens of landscape architects including Marian Coffin, Beatrix Farrand, Lawrence Halprin, Hare & Hare, Umberto Innocenti, Gertrude Jekyll, Jens Jensen, Warren Manning, the Olmsted Brothers, Charles Platt, Ellen Biddle Shipman, and Fletcher Steele. Because of their proximity to the gardens, works of notable architects and sculptors may also be featured in the images.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- France  Search this
Gardens -- Italy  Search this
Gardens -- Japan  Search this
Gardens -- Mexico  Search this
Flower shows  Search this
Gardening -- United States -- societies, etc  Search this
Gardens -- England  Search this
Landscape architecture  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- Spain  Search this
Gardens -- Scotland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Lantern slides
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-gca
Online Media:

Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32850
10 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 1
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  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 3
  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 4
  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 5
  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 6
  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 7
  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 8
  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 9
  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 10

Generalife

Creator:
Ishmael, King  Search this
Campotejar, Marqueses De  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Spain -- Granada
Spain -- Andalusia -- Granada Province -- Granada
Date:
1960
General:
Slide lecture booklet - Slide # 26. Looking down into the same patio, the contrasting height of these cypress lends an interesting perspective to the scene.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Spanish gardens  Search this
Vista  Search this
Evergreens  Search this
Loggias  Search this
Arcades (Architecture)  Search this
Spanish Colonial  Search this
Houses  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item SP004005
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 2: International Garden Images / Spain / SP004: Granada -- Generalife
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref4205

Untitled Garden

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Spain -- Valencia
Spain -- Valencian Community -- Valencia -- Valencia
Date:
1959 May.
General:
See slide lecture - slide #67. And this is a melon stand, with primitively contrived awning to protect these delicious fruits from the burning sun.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Awnings  Search this
Fruit  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item SP008005
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 2: International Garden Images / Spain / SP008: Valencia -- Untitled Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref4235

United Kingdom -- England

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Historical Note:
On June 3rd, 1929, ninety delegates from the Garden Club of America (GCA) arrived in London for a thirteen-day "pilgrimage" throughout England. The trip was organized by the English-Speaking Union, and its headquarters at the Dartmouth House in London was the first stop for the GCA members. The members toured collectively for the first nine days, visiting the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; Hampton Court Palace; and the Royal Horticulural Society's Gardens, as well as gardens in Buckinghamshire, Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire, Berkshire, Warwickshire, Northamptonshire, Sussex, and Kent. In addition to garden visits, the GCA delegates were invited to the Iris Society flower exhibition held at the Royal Horticultural Society, and attended lectures on a variety of garden topics.

On June 12th, delegates divided into five groups and went their separate ways. Departing from Sulgrave, Northamptonshire, groups A and B went to Warwickshire, C and D to Oxford, and group E to Banbury. Each group had a full three days visiting surrounding estates and notable gardens. They all returned to London on June 15th for the last days of the trip. These final days included laying a wreath on the tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Westminster Abbey, formal entertainments at the home of Lady Hudson in Sussex, and a departure dinner led by the Marquess of Reading.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 2: International Garden Images
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref4454

Nashville -- Fairbourne

Landscape architect:
Sartor, Carolyn S.  Search this
Pace, Ben  Search this
Garden designer:
Dixon, Carol  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Nashville  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Fairbourne (Nashville, Tennessee)
United States of America -- Tennessee -- Davidson County -- Nashville
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a work sheet and garden plans.
General:
Fairbourne, a Tudor style house was built in 1929. When the present owners moved into their new home, twenty-six years ago, no original gardens remained. The location on a corner lot left little privacy. The first project was the construction of a serpentine brick wall for privacy and a brick "dovecote" to house pool equipment and garden tools. These structures provided an ideal backdrop for the development of an extensive perennial garden. The perennial beds and climbing roses dominate in the spring. The ornamental flowering trees, bushes and espalier trees and shrubs (jasmine, plum trees, climbing hydrangea, crab apples and white wisteria) hold the eye during the summer. The variety and juxtaposition of pyramidal trees, round boxwood and burford holly, and a collection of ornamental maple trees kept aggressively pruned, create an "outdoor sculpture" in the fall and winter. The garden is on several levels and planted around several sides of the house, with stone steps and stepping stone paths leading from one "outdoor room" around a corner to another, mirroring the asymmetrical, unpredictable footprint of the house.
Persons associated with the property and garden include: Thomas H. Malone (former owner, 1906); Neina B. Bryan (former owner, 1925); Frank P. Bachman (former owner, 1930); Elizabeth B. Hardcastle (former owner, 1955); James Debow Casey (former owner, 1970); Carolyn S. Sartor (landscape architect, 1975); Carol Dixon (garden designer of perennial bed, 1975); and Ben Place (landscape architect, 1978).
Related Materials:
Fairbourne related holdings consist of 1 folder (7 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Tennessee -- Nashville  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TN061
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Tennessee
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10960

Manchester -- Gardener's Cottage, The

Former owner:
Wilbur, James B.  Search this
Wilbur, James B., Jr.  Search this
Wilbur, James B. Jr., Mrs.  Search this
Provenance:
Bennington Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Gardener's Cottage (Manchester, Vermont)
United States of America -- Vermont -- Bennington County -- Manchester
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet and detailed garden plans with plant lists.
General:
This ca. 3.5-acre garden site was originally part of the model working farm on the Wilbur estate. Remains of old foundations, walkways, and stone walls that were once part of the farm and its buildings delineate part of the current garden. The old potting shed and greenhouse (now used as a study) had large glass structures extending out from them. The outlines of these glass structures are still visible on the walls of the remaining buildings and old foundations are still evident on the lawn. The remains of a pool and fountain have become a daylily bed and the old stone wall foundation has become the main garden. The garden takes its name from the fact that the owner's house was once the estate gardener's cottage. Because of the size of the house and its age (ca. 1790), the owner has designed the garden to be small and informal, old-fashioned and casual, like an English cottage garden.
Persons associated with the property include: James B. Wilbur (former owner, 1908-1929); James B. Wilbur, Jr. (former owner, 1929-1933); Mrs. James B. Wilbur, Jr. (former owner, 1933-1973).
Related Materials:
The Gardener's Cottage related holdings consist of 1 folder (7 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Vermont -- Manchester  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VT006
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Vermont
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11356

Seattle -- Greer Garden

Former owner:
Greer, Robert Popin  Search this
Greer, Robert, Robert Popin, Mrs.  Search this
Landscape gardener:
Holmdahl, Otto  Search this
Ester, Oliver  Search this
Kenyon, John  Search this
Gardener:
Ohata, Ossie  Search this
Aselton, Don  Search this
Provenance:
Seattle Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Greer Garden (Seattle, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- King County -- Seattle
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet, site plans, plant lists, and a photocopy of an article about the garden.
General:
This garden is composed of two parts: an upper garden and a lower garden. The lower garden is a Japanese garden enclosed by a high brick wall. A small stream framed with plants winds through the lawn in view of the house. It originates from a natural spring on the upper level, forming a waterfall as it fills the pool below. The pool is surrounded by a rockery planted with azaleas, dwarf Japanese maples, and pine trees. A Colorado spruce cascades over the waterfall. In the spring the upper level is a mass of blooming daffodils and narcissus bulbs. These give way later to flowering rhododendrons, azaleas, etc., which are planted in beds surrounding the lawn. On either side of the upper lawn are native trees and shrubs, such as elms and huckleberry. A pink dogwood and Prunus dominate this part of the garden in the fall.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Robert Popin Greer (former owners, 1913-1954); Otto Holmdahl (landscape gardener, 1930); Oliver Ester (landscape gardener, 1950-1960); John Kenyon (landscape gardener, 1950-1960); Ossie Ohata (gardener, 1960-1990); and Don Asalton (gardener, 1993 to date).
Related Materials:
Greer Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (11 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WA029
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11421

Sequim -- Hofius Garden, Sequim, Washington

Architect:
Hofius, Douglas  Search this
Aujla, Robert  Search this
Nurseryman:
Strong, Oliver  Search this
Landscape architect:
van Sweden, James  Search this
Oehme, Wolfgang  Search this
Oehme, van Sweden & Associates, Inc.  Search this
Provenance:
Seattle Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Hofius Garden (Sequim, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- Clallam County -- Sequim
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet and simple plot plans. The garden is noted for its success in growing perennials and grasses in a challenging environmental setting, as well as for the overall beauty of its site.
General:
This 15-acre site commands a 360-degree view, from the Strait of Juan de Fuca to the Olympic Mountains. This beautiful setting, however, is coupled with real gardening challenges. It is exposed to salt air and high winds, and was virtually devoid of trees when the garden was established in 1993. The water table is very high in winter, but drops in summer to near aridity. With these conditions and an annual rainfall of approximately 15 inches, the lushness of the garden has been a source of amazement to its owners. The garden boasts several long perennial borders, a fine collection of willows, a sizable collection of ornamental grasses, and is home to hundreds of birds, to the delight of the owners.
Persons associated with the property include: Douglas Hofius (architect); Robert Aujla (architect); Oehme, van Sweden & Associates, Inc. (landscape architects); and Oliver Strong (nurseryman).
Related Materials:
Hofius Garden, Sequim, Washington related holdings consist of 1 folder (20 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Sequim  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WA025
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11424

Dallas -- Haggerty Garden

Horticulturist:
Walp, John Donald  Search this
Photographer:
Haggerty, Mary  Search this
Provenance:
Founders Garden Club of Dallas  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Haggerty Garden (Dallas, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Dallas
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes Archives of American Gardens information sheet, and color brochure.
General:
"We have chosen this developing garden because of its imaginative use of contrsting plant materials and dynamic sculptural designs. These landscaping effects compliment the home's simple architectural beauty. The home and garden are located on a pie-shaped corner lot increasing the challenges while giving opportunities for a variety of artistic and vistas. The intentions of the owner is to have a flattering, not suffocating, landscape surround."
Persons associated with the property include: Donald Walp (horticulturist).
Related Materials:
Haggerty Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (12 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Dallas  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX012
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13464

Dallas -- Sewell Garden

Architect:
Thomson, Hal B., 1882-1974  Search this
Provenance:
Founders Garden Club of Dallas  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Sewell Garden (Dallas, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Dallas
Scope and Contents:
The folders contain a worksheet, site plan, plant list, copies of landscape plans, owner documentation, and an article.
General:
Slightly more than an acre with a creek running through it, the house was designed to take advantage of the privacy of the location. The house and garden ornamentation were designed by Hal Thomson. This property, like many Italian gardens relies on water features, detailed stone work, and a sloping site with terraces. The renovation of the classical Italian style garden includes a new crescent-shaped pool and a rustic low key limestone pathway to link all the architectural elements together. These include an original boathouse, stone bridge, and a terrace with balustrade and fountain. An orangerie was added next to the fountain courtyard in 2013, with curved steps inset in the grass slope that leads to i. Also a high stucco wall was added. The present owners' goal was to do only the work that enhanced the original designs of the house and garden.
This garden was initially documented for the Archives of American Gardens in 2003. Updates of the garden documentation were provided in 2010, 2012 and 2014.
People associated with this garden include: Mr. and Mrs. George Light (former owners); Mr. and Mrs. Crespi (former owners); Mr. and Mrs. Enslie Oglesby (former owners, 1971-1991); Hal Thomson (architect, 1915? or 1919?); J. Wilson Fuqua & Associates (architect of renovation, 1991-1993 and architect of orangerie, 2013); Warren Hill Johnson (landscape architect, 1991-1993); and Paul Fields (landscape architect, 2002-2004, 2013).
Related Materials:
Sewell Garden related holdings consist of 4 folders (27 35 mm. slides, 3 digital images, one 4 x 6 print)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Dallas  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX074
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13466
Online Media:

Houston -- Untitled Garden, Houston, Texas

Landscape designer:
London, Ruth  Search this
Architect:
Staub, John F.  Search this
Former owner:
Hill, George A. Mr. Mrs.  Search this
Hill, George A., Mrs.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Untitled Garden (Houston, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Houston
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet. The garden is noted for its individual gardens within a larger garden setting.
General:
Established in 1930, this two-acre site includes various individual gardens within a larger garden setting. Among these are a pool garden, a formal garden, a kitchen garden, the Virgin of Guadalupe garden, and the Indian Madonna garden, the latter two named for shrines/sculpture found there. Azaleas, ornamental grasses, and roses are among the featured plants.
Persons associated with the property include: Mr. and Mrs. George A. Hill (former owners); Ruth London (landscape designer); and John Staub (architect).
Related Materials:
Untitled Garden, Houston, Texas related holdings consist of 1 folder (14 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Houston  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX014
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13500

Houston -- The Simmons Garden

Former owner:
Underwood, Milton  Search this
Underwood, Milton Mrs.  Search this
Williams, Claude K.  Search this
Williams, Claude K. Mrs.  Search this
Architect:
Briscoe, Birdsall  Search this
Landscape architect:
Gunn, Ralph Ellis  Search this
Steele, Johhny  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Simmons Garden (Houston, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Harris -- Houston
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles and a brochure.
General:
Elements of the original Country Place Era garden designed by Ralph Ellis Gunn have been preserved on the three- quarter acre property with a Georgian Style house designed in 1934 by architect Birdsall Briscoe. These features include a lead wall fountain in the east garden room, live oak trees that have matured, the fountain that was the focal point of the axis of the rear garden, and a serpentine brick wall covered in fig ivy that enclosed the south and west perimeters of the back garden. In 2000 landscape architect Johnny Steele designed a parterre garden to replace the struggling St. Augustine lawn in back that was overly shaded by mature trees. The parterres are bordered by low boxwood hedges and filled with ornamental seasonal plantings. Four jasmine columns trained on metal frames anchor the corners and an armillary sphere sits on a pedestal in the center. An understory of trees including Japanese maple and flowering cherry and shade-loving lower story plants, including ferns, strawberry begonia and cast iron plants, were added to the existing banks of azaleas and camellias. The basin of the lead wall fountain was raised slightly onto a layer of brick and trimmed on top with another row of bricks.
The front garden was redesigned after the demise of a large water oak. Two broad brick bordered steps were installed and planted with zoysia grass, with seasonal plantings in the beds flanking the sides of the steps beneath banks of G.G. Gerbing white azaleas. These formal additions were designed as evolutions of the original character of the house, garden and neighborhood.
The Simmons Garden has been included on the annual Azalea Trail event in Houston.
Persons associated with the garden include Mr. and Mrs. Milton R. Underwood (former owners, 1934-1965); Mr. and Mrs. Claude K. Williams (former owners, 1965-1985); Birdsall Parmenas Briscoe (1876-1971) (architect, 1934); Ralph Ellis Gunn (1908-1976) (landscape architect, 1934-1936); Johnny Steele (landscape architect, 1985--).
Related Materials:
The Simmons Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (21 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Houston  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX127
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13511

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