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Konrad and Florence Ballin Cramer papers

Creator:
Cramer, Konrad, 1888-1963  Search this
Names:
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.) -- Students  Search this
Florence Gallery  Search this
Woodstock Artists Association (Woodstock, N.Y.)  Search this
Cramer, Florence Ballin, 1884-1962  Search this
Extent:
8.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Christmas cards
Diaries
Designs
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Photographs
Prints
Sketches
Date:
1897-1968
Summary:
The papers of painter, printmaker, and photographer Konrad Cramer and his wife, painter and printmaker Florence Ballin Cramer, measure 8.5 linear feet and date from 1897 to 1968. Papers document both artists' personal and professional lives and are especially rich in documentation of the art community of Woodstock, New York, where Florence Ballin first attended art classes in 1906, and where the couple settled in 1911. Records include biographical materials, correspondence, a Christmas card album, diaries, writings, business records, personal financial records, printed materials, photographs, and artwork.
Scope and Contents note:
The papers of painter, printmaker, and photographer Konrad Cramer and his wife, painter and printmaker Florence Ballin Cramer, measure 8.5 linear feet and date from 1897 to 1968. Papers document both artists' personal and professional lives and are especially rich in documentation of the art community of Woodstock, New York, from 1906, when Florence first attended art classes there, and where the couple resided until their deaths in the 1960s. Records include biographical materials, correspondence, a Christmas card album, business records, diaries, writings, personal financial records, printed materials, photographs, and artwork.

Correspondence is between the Cramers and other artists, curators, gallery staff, editors, writers, and personal friends and family. Many drafts and carbons of outgoing letters are also present. The Christmas card album brings together original cards made by their artist friends in the 1920s and early 1930s. Diaries are of both artists, mostly from 1949 onward, with notes and excerpts from earlier diaries present. Writings include technical and biographical essays by Konrad Cramer, and autobiographical and historical essays by Florence Ballin Cramer; notebooks and notes relate to art, travel, photography, and other subjects. Personal Business Records include price lists, receipts, and gallery correspondence with dealers and exhibitors; correspondence, accounting records, and writings related to Florence Ballin Cramer's Florence Gallery in New York City (1919-1920); records related to Woodstock arts and civic organizations in which the Cramers were involved; and personal financial records.

Printed Materials include publicity materials related to the Cramers' various endeavors and the activities of Woodstock arts and civic organizations, as well as dozens of books, little magazines, and journals by and about members of the Woodstock artist's colony. Photographs depict the Cramers and their friends, including early Art Students League Classes and the annual Maverick festival in the 1920s. Also found are a small number of photo-collages and experiments with color photography, and a series of early twentieth century photographs in the pictorialist style. Artwork includes early sketchbooks of both artists; loose sketches, drawings, and designs; textile designs by Konrad Cramer; and prints and printing blocks.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged into 8 series:

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1898-1955 (3 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1900-1964 (2.2 linear feet; Boxes 1-3, 9)

Series 3: Christmas Card Album, 1921-1961 (0.8 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 4: Diaries, 1906-1962 (1 linear foot; Box 4)

Series 5: Writings, 1897-1962 (0.7 linear feet; Box 5, OV 11)

Series 6: Personal Business Records, 1918-1962 (0.3 linear feet; Box 5, OV 10)

Series 7: Printed Materials, 1906-1968 (1.5 linear feet; Boxes 6-7, 9, OV 11)

Series 8: Photographs, 1906-1960 (0.5 linear feet; Box 7)

Series 9: Artwork, 1897-1954 (1 linear foot; Boxes 8-9, OV 10-11)
Biographical/Historical note:
Konrad Cramer was born in Wurtzburg, Germany, in 1888, and studied at the Karlsruhe Academy of Fine Arts from 1906 to 1908 with Ludwig Schmidt-Reutte and Ernest Schurth. After a year in the German army, he returned to Karlsruhe to set up a studio, making frequent trips to Munich, where he was exposed to the experimental artists of the Blaue Reiter group, including Wassily Kandinsky and Franz Marc.

Florence Ballin was born in Brooklyn, NY, in 1884. She studied at the Woodstock, New York, summer school of the Art Students League beginning in 1906 under Birge Harrison along with fellow students John Carlson, Grace Mott Johnson, and Andrew Dasburg. She served as secretary for the League in 1906, and had a studio on 59th Street in Manhattan, where she held her first exhibition in 1909. In 1911, she traveled to Europe and met Konrad Cramer in Munich and joined him on visits to exhibitions and studios of the vanguard artists. The two married, moved to the United States, and settled permanently in Woodstock, New York.

Konrad Cramer is often credited as being an important link between German and American modernism in art, and his experimentations with abstraction and expressionism during his first years in Woodstock would seem to bear this out. In 1912 and 1913, he painted a series he called "Improvisations" (after Kandinsky) which was shown in a group exhibition at the MacDowell Club in 1913 along with Andrew Dasburg, Oliver Chaffee, and Paul Rohland. Cramer was photographed by Alfred Stieglitz and wrote an essay about the 291 Gallery for Stieglitz's magazine, Camera Work, in 1914.

The Cramers had two daughters, in 1914 and 1917, and Konrad Cramer became an American citizen in 1917. For income, he began designing textiles for department stores using stencils and batiks around 1918. In his painting, he turned from abstract experiments to the traditional subjects of landscape, still life, and figure in a more representational style that blended modern and regional influences. Florence Ballin Cramer opened a gallery on 57th Street in 1919, encouraged by the sculptor Elie Nadelman. The mission of the Florence Gallery, as it was called, was to exhibit and sell the work of living artists. Although it only survived the season, it was the first gallery to show work by Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Alexander Brook, Ernest Fiene, and Stefan Hirsch, and generated important sales for several young artists in her circle.

Konrad Cramer returned to Europe in 1920 on a Rockefeller grant to study educational methods for craftsmen in Germany and France, and on his return he taught at the Woodstock School of Painting and Allied Arts. Cramer also studied lithography with Bolton Brown in Woodstock around this time, and both Cramers took up printmaking and began publishing prints in local arts magazines. The Cramers were deeply immersed in Woodstock life, participating in the annual Maverick festivals, the Woodstock Artists Association, the Historical Society, and other organizations, hosting meetings and serving as officers of many committees and organizations that presented and supported artwork in their community. They enjoyed a rich social life there among fellow artists at frequent parties and festivals, where Konrad provided entertainment with his fiddle and both Cramers memorialized events in countless photographs.

Konrad Cramer exhibited at the Whitney Studio Club in 1924, and taught at the Children's University School (now the Dalton School), where he painted a mural in 1929. The 1930s were busy years in both Cramers' professional lives. Konrad's exhibitions included the Carnegie International (1929 and 1933), and a two-man show at the Dudensing Gallery (1930), where Cramer and Adolph Gottlieb had been selected the most deserving unknown American painters of the year. He was also included in the exhibit Abstract Painting in America at the Whitney Museum (1935). Florence Ballin Cramer exhibited at Marie Harriman Gallery (1931 and 1933), Macy Galleries (1933), the Pennsylvania Academy (1934 and 1936), and the Corcoran (1935 and 1937). Both Konrad and Florence Ballin Cramer were included in a traveling exhibition of Woodstock artists organized by the College Art Association (1931), the first and second Whitney Biennials (1933 and 1935), and the Wanamaker Regional Art Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting (1934).

In 1934, the Cramers traveled to Mexico, where they produced many paintings and drawings. Konrad Cramer joined the Federal Art Project briefly in 1935, administering the regional program in Woodstock with Judson Smith. It was around this time that he began to learn photography. He became a sort of community photographer, taking photographs of friends' artwork and commissioned portraits, as well as informal photographs of friends. Cramer experimented with photographic techniques such as solarization and collage, using prisms, panes of glass, or composite printing. He first exhibited photographs in 1936 at the Albany Institute, and established the Woodstock School of Miniature Photography (the "miniature" referring to the then-new format of 35mm film) in 1937. He also taught courses in photography at Bard College in the 1940s, and his photographs and articles about photography were published in national magazines.

For the remainder of his life, Cramer continued to teach, write, and produce photographs, occasionally returning to painting, drawing, and printmaking, creating gouaches, wax resist drawings, and stencils of landscapes and figures, with an increasing interest in abstract styles and automatic techniques. Three of his early paintings were included in the 1946 Whitney Museum exhibition Pioneers of Modern Art in America, and the same year, he exhibited abstract photographs at the Woodstock Artists Association. In the late 1940s, he built an automatic drawing machine which he called the sympalmagraph, which rendered precise, geometric forms. In the late 1950s, he collaborated on a traveling exhibition and book of abstract photographs with Manuel Komroff and Nathan Resnik called The Third Eye.

Florence Ballin Cramer held her last exhibitions at the Woodstock Town House gallery (1953) and at Long Island University (1957). She died in 1962. Konrad Cramer died the following year. Both were memorialized in an exhibition at the Woodstock Artists Association Gallery in 1968.
Separated Materials note:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels 1027, D170, and D171) including photographs, diaries, and sketches. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
A portion of the papers in this collection were loaned to the Archives of American Art for microfilming in 1964 by Aileen Cramer and Margot Cramer Taylor, daughters of Florence and Konrad Cramer. While selected diaries, sketches, and photographs were returned to the donors, some, but not all, of the original loan was subsequently donated with additional materials, in 1975.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Photographers -- New York (State)  Search this
Color photography  Search this
Art -- New York (State) -- Woodstock  Search this
Printmakers -- New York (State) -- Woodstock  Search this
Photocollage  Search this
Festivals  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- Woodstock  Search this
Function:
Artist colonies -- New York (State)
Genre/Form:
Christmas cards
Diaries
Designs
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Photographs
Prints
Sketches
Citation:
Konrad and Florence Ballin Cramer papers, 1897-1964. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.cramkonr
See more items in:
Konrad and Florence Ballin Cramer papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cramkonr
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Jack Lenor Larsen, 1971 Apr. 26-May 3

Interviewee:
Larsen, Jack Lenor, 1927-2020  Search this
Larsen, Jack Lenor, 1927-2020  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-1997  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Textile design -- United States  Search this
Designers -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Theme:
Craft  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11609
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212818
AAA_collcode_larsen71
Theme:
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212818

Oral history interview with Karl Laurell, 1971 Sept. 7

Interviewee:
Laurell, Karl  Search this
Laurell, Karl  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-1997  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Textile design -- United States  Search this
Designers -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Theme:
Craft  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12922
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212822
AAA_collcode_laurel71
Theme:
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212822

Oral history interview with Jack Lenor Larsen, 2004 February 6-8

Interviewee:
Larsen, Jack Lenor, 1927-2020  Search this
Larsen, Jack Lenor, 1927-2020  Search this
Interviewer:
Fisch, Arline M., 1931-  Search this
Subject:
Rossbach, Ed  Search this
Adamson, Glenn  Search this
University of Washington  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Textile crafts  Search this
Textile industry -- Japan  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Theme:
Craft  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13092
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)247149
AAA_collcode_larsen04
Theme:
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_247149
Online Media:

Jan Yoors papers, 1956-1978

Creator:
Yoors, Jan, 1922-1977  Search this
Yoors, Jan, 1922-1977  Search this
Topic:
Art, American -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Photography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9274
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211469
AAA_collcode_yoorjan
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211469

Oral history interview with Ward Bennett, 1973 February 13

Interviewee:
Bennett, Ward, 1917-2003  Search this
Bennett, Ward, 1917-2003  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-1997  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Topic:
Designers -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12352
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)226335
AAA_collcode_bennet73
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_226335

John Little papers, 1935-1978

Creator:
Little, John, 1907-  Search this
Guild Hall of East Hampton  Search this
Little, John, 1907-  Search this
Subject:
Parker, Elizabeth  Search this
Kiesler, Frederick  Search this
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
Hunter, Sam  Search this
Signa Gallery  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- History -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Textile design -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculpture -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Craft  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7896
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210063
AAA_collcode_littjohn
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210063

María Luisa Pacheco papers, 1951-circa 1979

Creator:
Pacheco, María Luisa, 1918-1982  Search this
Pacheco, María Luisa, 1918-1982  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Theme:
Latino and Latin American  Search this
Women  Search this
American Art and Artists in a Global Context  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5518
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210484
AAA_collcode_pachmari
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Women
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210484
Online Media:

Erik Hans Krause papers, 1936-1975

Creator:
Krause, Erik Hans, 1899-1990  Search this
Krause, Erik Hans, 1899-1990  Search this
Subject:
United States. Federal Works Agency  Search this
Federal Art Project (Rochester, N.Y.)  Search this
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts -- New York (State) -- Rochester  Search this
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts  Search this
New Deal  Search this
Architecture & Design  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9165
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211360
AAA_collcode_krauerik
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
New Deal
Architecture & Design
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211360

Jack Lenor Larsen papers, 1941-2003

Creator:
Larsen, Jack Lenor, 1927-2020  Search this
Larsen, Jack Lenor, 1927-2020  Search this
Subject:
Noguchi, Isamu  Search this
Constantine, Mildred  Search this
Drutt, Helen Williams  Search this
Tillich, Hanna  Search this
Wood, Beatrice  Search this
Mondale, Walter F.  Search this
Abakanowicz, Magdalena  Search this
Josef Albers Foundation  Search this
Type:
Audiocassettes
Photographs
Sound recordings
Interviews
Video recordings
Topic:
Textile design -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Modernism (Art)  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Craft  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11580
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)248960
AAA_collcode_larsjack
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_248960
Online Media:

Karen Felicity Berkenfeld papers, [ca. 1995]

Creator:
Berkenfeld, Karen Felicity, 1943-2001  Search this
Berkenfeld, Karen Felicity, 1943-2001  Search this
Topic:
Textile artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Theme:
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education  Search this
Audio - Visual  Search this
Craft  Search this
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13369
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)255198
AAA_collcode_berkkare
Theme:
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education
Audio - Visual
Craft
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_255198

Donald Deskey collection

Creator:
Deskey, Donald, 1894-  Search this
Names:
Brunswick-Balke-Collender Company  Search this
Centre de recherche en économie et statistique (Paris, France)  Search this
Charak Furniture Company  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Design Archive  Search this
Deskey Associates, Inc.  Search this
Deskey-Vollmer, Inc.  Search this
Donald Deskey Associates, Inc.  Search this
Johnson & Johnson, Inc.  Search this
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Procter & Gamble Company  Search this
Radio City Music Hall (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Widdicomb Furniture Company  Search this
Deskey, Donald, 1894-  Search this
Extent:
75 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Proposals
Labels
Clippings
Renderings
Slides
Stationery
Letters patent
Financial records
Photographs
Drawings
Client lists
Correspondence
Organizational charts
Reviews
Patents
Lantern slides
Technical reports
Date:
1927-1989
Summary:
Project files containmagazine and newspaper clippings, reviews, correspondence, renderings, floor plans, perspective drawings, site plans, sketches, preliminary drawings, patents, stationery, labels, and technical reports. There is an extensive collection of photographs and slides of many of Deskey's packaging designs, interiors, furnishings, and exhibition installations. The files of Donald Deskey Associates include organizational charts, client files, proposals, and financial records. Some of Deskey's personal correspondence, speeches, articles, and family photographs are included. Materials cover the period from 1927-1975.
Arrangement note:
Arranged into six records groups: 1) architecture/interiors projects; 2)Donald Deskey Associates; 3) industrial design projects; 4) reference; 5) Donald Deskey's personal papers; and 6) photographs. A special collection of more than one thousand slides of Deskey's work are boxed separately.
Biographical/Historical note:
Industrial, interior, and packaging designer. Born Blue Earth, Minnesota, November 23, 1894. By 1943, he had established Donald Deskey Associates in New York. Along with Dreyfuss, Bel Geddes, and Loewy, Deskey was one of the great industrial design pioneers in the 1930s.

He is best known for his designs for the furnishings and interiors of Radio City Music Hall in 1932, and for his work for companies such as: Widdicomb Furniture Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan; W & J Sloane, New York; and Estey Manufacturing Company, Owosso, Michigan. Deskey is also known for his familiar packaging designs for Procter & Gamble products, such as Crest toothpaste, Prell shampoo, and Tide detergent.

Donald Deskey Associates also was responsible for lamppost #10, the streetlight still in use today in New York City. Materials from this archival collection were featured in Cooper-Hewitt's 1994 exhibition and accompanying book, "Packaging the New: Design and the American Consumer, 1925- 1975."
Location of Other Archival Materials Note:
Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, Drawings and Prints Department. Approximately 3,000 drawings for furniture and textile designs.
Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, Applied Arts Department. Two tables, handles, and a glass bottle and box designed by Deskey.
Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, Textiles Department. One textile designed by Deskey.
Other sources of archival information on Deskey include, the Procter & Gamble Archive, Cincinnati, Ohio, and Deskey Associates, New York City.
Provenance:
The Deskey collection was donated to the museum in three installments.

In 1975, Deskey deposited at Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum,, hundreds of drawings, 3 four-drawer file cabinets of material, and several oversized packages comprising the bulk of his papers covering the period from 1927-1965. These items were officially donated to the museum in 1988.

In 1992, Deskey Associates of New York made an additional gift consisting of, approximately 1,000 35mm slides that documented projects from the 1960s through 1980s, and focused primarily on designs for packaging.

In 1994, Donald Deskey's nephew, Robert Deskey presented the Museum with, 120 postcards, letters, and family photographs.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use onsite by appointment. Permission of staff required to photograph materials.
Occupation:
Packaging designers -- United States  Search this
Interior designers -- United States  Search this
Industrial designers -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Packaging -- Design  Search this
Street lighting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Buildings, Prefabricated -- United States  Search this
Plastics -- Design  Search this
Interior decoration -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Design, Industrial -- United States  Search this
Furniture design -- United States  Search this
Art deco -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Proposals
Labels
Clippings
Renderings
Slides
Stationery
Letters patent
Financial records
Photographs
Drawings
Client lists
Correspondence
Organizational charts
Reviews
Patents
Lantern slides
Technical reports
Identifier:
SIL-CH.1975-11-77
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sil-ch-1975-11-77

Jack Lenor Larsen papers

Creator:
Larsen, Jack Lenor, 1927-2020  Search this
Names:
Josef Albers Foundation  Search this
Abakanowicz, Magdalena  Search this
Constantine, Mildred  Search this
Drutt, Helen Williams  Search this
Mondale, Walter F., 1928-  Search this
Noguchi, Isamu, 1904-1988  Search this
Tillich, Hanna  Search this
Wood, Beatrice  Search this
Extent:
3.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiocassettes
Photographs
Sound recordings
Interviews
Video recordings
Date:
1941-2003
Summary:
The Jack Lenor Larsen papers measure 3.7 linear feet and date from 1941-2003. Larsen was a renowned weaver and designer, entrepreneur, and a scholar who wrote and lectured on modernist design. His career in the New York design world is documented by biographical materials, correspondence, writings by and about him, various printed materials and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The Jack Lenor Larsen papers measure 3.7 linear feet and date from 1941-2003. Larson was a renowned weaver and designer, entrepreneur, and a scholar who wrote and lectured on modernist design. His career in the New York design world is documented by biographical materials, correspondence, writings by and about him, various printed materials and photographs.

Found are biographical materials and artifacts including items from his early years, 4 volumes of daily planners and numerous awards. Correspondence includes letters from notables such as Isamu Noguchi, Walter F. Mondale, and various craft artists such as Helen W. Drutt English, Magdalena Abakanowicz, and Beatrice Wood, and author Hannah Tillich, widow of Paul Tillich. Business correspondence is from museums, professional societies, magazines and other organizations such as the Josef Albers Foundation. Larsen also curated textile exhibitions and there are records pertaining to these exhibitions.

There are a substantial number of writings, lectures and speeches by Larsen, and proofs of a book he co-authored with Mildred Constantin, Beyond Craft: The Art of Fabric. Also found are writings about Larsen and 3 interviews with him including a 1965 videotaped interview, 2 transcribed interviews, and an audio tape of Larsen's talk "Personal Perspective," presented at a conference of the American Craft Council.

Photographs show Larsen and his employees at work and at professional events. Photographs removed from albums retain their original order. Lastly, there are printed materials include catalogs and announcements, newspaper and magazine clippings, and press and promotional materials.
Arrangement:
The Jack Lenor Larsen papers are organized into 7 series based primarily on record type and arranged chronologically.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1941-2001, (Box 1, 5; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1958-2003, (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Exhibition Records, 1986-1990, (Boxes 1-2; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 4: Writings, 1950-2003, (Boxes 2-3; 1.3 linear feet)

Series 5: Photographs, 1970-1992, (Box 3, 5; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1972-2002, (Boxes 4-5; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 7: Audio Recordings, 1965, (Box 4; 0.1 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Jack Lenor Larsen (b. 1927), based in New York and of international reputation, has been deeply involved in the design of hand woven fabric and its application to modernist interior design. An international entrepreneur, Larsen also has written books on design and has been a frequent lecturer.

Larsen was born in Seattle, Washington to parents of Canadian/Scandinavian descent; his father was a building contractor. Larsen studied architecture at the University of Washington and became interested in materials design, receiving his M.F.A. from Cranbrook Academy of Art in Michigan in 1951. Following graduation, he opened a studio in New York and established Jack Lenor Larsen Incorporated. Just months later, Larsen successfully competed for the commission to design draperies for the important glass walled Lever House building on Park Avenue designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill.

Larsen was highly successful in marketing his ideas and innovations, which included combining metallic thread with natural polished linen and hand woven fabrics consisting of varied yarns in random and repeating patterns. This later style of fabric became known as the "Larsen Look" and was synonymous with modern design. Larsen's firm successfully adapted technological advances to fabric design but also used ancient techniques; they were first to design fabrics for jet air planes, stretch upholsestry and printed velvets.

In 1958-1960, Larsen represented the United States Department of State in Vietnam and Taiwan, studying those countries' crafts with the goal of developing industry to create jobs and products for export. Larsen then saw the opportunity for international fabric design and production. He travelled to Latin America, Africa and Asia to study local crafts and weaving with an eye towards business opportunites, focusing on hand spun and hand woven silks. By the 1990s Larsen was producing fabric in over 30 countries. In 1997, Jack Lenor Larsen, Inc. merged with the British fabric house, Cowtan and Tout and became the United States subsidiary of the British company, Colefax and Fowler.

Many museums have collected and/or exhibited Larsen fabrics. Notable among them are The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Musee des Arts Decoratifs (in the Louvre Museum), Museum of Modern Art, Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, and the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. In addition, Larsen is the author of several books relating to fabric and fabric design including Material Wealth: Living with Luxurious Fabrics (an international survey of contemporary fabric design) and an autobiography, Jack Lenor Larsen: A Weaver's Memoir.
Provenance:
The records were donated to the Archives in 2004 by Jack Lenor Larsen in connection with the Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Weavers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Textile design -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Modernism (Art)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiocassettes
Photographs
Sound recordings
Interviews
Video recordings
Citation:
Jack Lenor Larsen papers, 1941-2003. Archives of America Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.larsjack
See more items in:
Jack Lenor Larsen papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-larsjack
Online Media:

Julia Santos Solomon papers

Creator:
Santos Solomon, Julia, 1956-  Search this
Names:
Parsons School of Design -- Faculty  Search this
Calamari, Barbara  Search this
Dye, Alice  Search this
Dye, Pete  Search this
Extent:
2.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Place:
Altos de Chavón (Dominican Republic)
Date:
1977-2008
Scope and Contents:
Writings, correspondence, commission files, teaching files, artists' files, a scrapbook, works of art, printed material, and audio visual material documenting the career of Julia Santos Solomon as an artist and teacher.
Writings include three diaries recording Santos Solomon's study of art and design, largely in the Dominican Republic and Europe. Correspondence is with Alice Dye, wife of Pete Dye, golf course architect. Commission files relate to golf course landscape paintings, prints, and textiles. Teaching files consist of syllabi and annotated student drawing submissions from Altos de Chavon School of Design and Parsons School of Design. Artists' files relate to artist residencies at Altos de Chavon School of Design. One scrapbook includes altered photographs, drawings, writings, and various printed material.
Artwork consists of three sketchbooks, sketches, fashion illustrations, an original watercolor, pen, and pencil textile designs and prints for golf course landscapes. Printed material includes exhibition catalogs and announcements, newspaper and magazine clippings. Audio visual material consists of a DVD and CD related to the pilot television program 'Lola' (never produced) created by Santos Solomon and Barbara Calamari and loosely based on Santos Solomon's biography, especially as a teenager and young adult. Also included are episode descriptions and notes about the show.
Biographical / Historical:
Julia Santos Solomon (1956- ) is a teacher, painter, and textile and fashion designer in the Dominican Republic and Woodstock, New York. Julia Santos Solomon taught fashion and design illustration at Altos de Chavon School of Design in the Dominican Republic and at Parsons School of Design in New York.
Provenance:
Donated 2015 and 2016 by Julia Santos Solomon.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Dominican Republic  Search this
Art teachers -- New York (State)  Search this
Fashion designers -- Dominican Republic  Search this
Fashion designers -- New York (State)  Search this
Painters -- Dominican Republic  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- Woodstock  Search this
Textile designers -- Dominican Republic  Search this
Textile designers -- New York (State)  Search this
Topic:
Golf courses  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Identifier:
AAA.santjuli
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-santjuli

John Little papers

Creator:
Little, John, 1907-  Search this
Guild Hall of East Hampton  Search this
Names:
Signa Gallery  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Hunter, Sam, 1923-  Search this
Kiesler, Frederick  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Parker, Elizabeth, 1916-  Search this
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet ((71 items))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1935-1978
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, including letters from Sam Hunter, Hans Hofmann, Betty Parsons, Guild Hall, and Frederick Kiesler; clippings; correspondence; photographs of Little and his work; printed brochures, one which includes a large Hans Namuth photograph of Little; an exhibition catalog of Elizabeth Parker; and a clipping about the Signa Gallery.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, sculptor, textile designer; born in Alabama, moved to New York; Attended Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, the Art Students League, studied with George Grosz, and at the Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts. Taught at University of California, Berkeley and was treasurer of the Signa Gallery, which is located in East Hampton, New York. Little's preferred media are oils and bronze.
Provenance:
Donated 1980-1981 by John Little.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- History -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Textile design -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculpture -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.littjohn
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-littjohn

Oral history interview with Karl Laurell

Interviewee:
Laurell, Karl  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul  Search this
Extent:
57 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1971 Sept. 7
Scope and Contents:
Interview of Karl Laurell conducted 1971 Sept. 7, by Paul Cummings, for the Archives of American Art.
Biographical / Historical:
Karl Laurell is a designer and weaver from New York, N.Y.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hrs.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
For information on how to access this interview contact Reference Services.
Occupation:
Weavers -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Weavers  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Textile design -- United States  Search this
Designers -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.laurel71
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-laurel71

Oral history interview with Jack Lenor Larsen

Interviewee:
Larsen, Jack Lenor, 1927-2020  Search this
Interviewer:
Fisch, Arline M.  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
University of Washington -- Students  Search this
Adamson, Glenn  Search this
Rossbach, Ed  Search this
Extent:
78 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2004 February 6-8
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Jack Lenor Larsen conducted 2004 February 6-8, by Arline M. Fisch, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, in Longhouse, East Hampton, N.Y.
Larsen speaks of his childhood in Seattle, Washington; his parents and other adults who had a positive impact on his development; building things with his friends; attending the University of Washington to study architecture and deciding to study textiles instead; visiting Dorothy Liebes's textile studio; leaving school and moving to Los Angeles; attending the University of Southern California and eventually returning to the University of Washington; becoming a teaching assistant to Ed Rossbach; getting a Masters degree at Cranbrook Academy of Art; meeting many influential people in San Francisco and New York; moving to New York and setting up a studio; working on commission for several companies including Thaibok; expanding his offices to include larger looms and a showroom; setting up a branch of production in Haiti; working in the fashion industry and designing home decor; and working in Southeast Asia developing handcrafted woven exports. He also speaks of his involvement with the American Craft Council and the World Crafts Council, re-organizing and building the new campus at the Haystack Mountain School of Crafts; traveling to Central Asia, Africa, Europe, and his desire to travel more; working and exhibiting in Japan; experiencing the Japanese textile industry; writing numerous books on fiber arts including, "The Dyer's Art," often collaborating with other fiber artists; developing a classification system for interlacing; collecting art; gardening and its relation to art and design; building Round House and the inspiration behind it; building LongHouse using the Japanese Ise Shrine as a model and plans for further expansion; retiring and difficulties writing, "A Weaver's Memoir." Larsen also recalls Dorothy Liebes, Marianne Strengell, Florence Knoll, Edgar Kaufman, Ed Rossbach, Toshiko Takaezu, Francis Merritt, Mary Bishop, Garth Clark, Issey Miyake, Mildred Constantine, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Jack Lenor Larsen (1927-2020) was a weaver and textile designer from East Hampton, N.Y. Arline M. Fisch (1931- ) is a jeweler from San Diego, Cailfornia.
General:
Originally recorded on 7 sound discs and 1 sound cassette. Reformatted in 2010 as 19 digital wav files. Duration is 6 hrs., 23 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Textile designers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Textile crafts  Search this
Textile industry -- Japan  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.larsen04
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-larsen04

Erik Hans Krause papers

Creator:
Krause, Erik Hans, 1899-1990  Search this
Names:
Federal Art Project (Rochester, N.Y.)  Search this
United States. Federal Works Agency  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet ((on 3 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1936-1975
Scope and Contents:
Letters; photographs; an inventory of art works; posters; exhibition announcements; clippings; and miscellaneous material.
REEL 154: 25 posters, some evidently prepared for the WPA.
REEL 668: Papers accrued by Krause while he was supervisor of the New York State Art Project (Rochester Unit) of the Federal Works Agency, 1936-1941. Included are 10 letters; 49 photographs of poster and textile designs; 3 booklet cover designs; an inventory of art works; and a work schedule.
REEL 3090: Exhibition announcements and clippings, ca. 1965-1975.
Biographical / Historical:
Graphic artist, art administrator, painter; Rochester, New York.
Provenance:
Material on reels 668 & 3090 donated 1972-1975 by Erik Hans Krause;provenance of material on reel 154 is unknown.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- Rochester  Search this
Designers -- New York (State) -- Rochester  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- Rochester  Search this
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts -- New York (State) -- Rochester  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.krauerik
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-krauerik

Karen Felicity Berkenfeld papers

Creator:
Berkenfeld, Karen Felicity, 1943-2001  Search this
Extent:
18 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
[ca. 1995]
Scope and Contents:
Fabric samples by Karen Felicity Berkenfeld and photo montage.
Biographical / Historical:
Quiltmaker and textile artist, New York, N.Y.; b. 1943; d. 2001
Provenance:
Donated 2005 by Stephen Berkenfeld, widower of Karen Felicity Berkenfeld.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Textile designers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Quiltmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Textile artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.berkkare
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-berkkare

María Luisa Pacheco papers

Creator:
Pacheco, María Luisa, 1918-1982  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1951-circa 1979
Summary:
The papers of Bolivian born painter María Luisa Pacheco measure 0.5 linear feet and date from 1951 to circa 1979. The collection is comprised of exhibition announcements and catalogs; greeting cards including one card designed by Pacheco; newsletters; photographs and transparencies of Pacheco, an exhibition catalog, and works of art; and Pacheco's student card from La Escuela Central de Bellas Artes de San Fernando de Madrid.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Bolivian born painter María Luisa Pacheco measure 0.5 linear feet and date from 1951 to circa 1979. The collection is comprised of exhibition announcements and catalogs; greeting cards including one card designed by Pacheco; newsletters; photographs and transparencies of Pacheco, an exhibition catalog, and works of art; and Pacheco's student card from La Escuela Central de Bellas Artes de San Fernando de Madrid.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as one series.

Series 1: María Luisa Pacheco papers, 1951-circa 1979 (Box 1, OV 2; 0.5 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
María Luisa Pacheco (1918-1982) was a painter in New York, N.Y. She was born in La Paz, Bolivia and studied at the Academia de Bellas Artes in La Paz where she later taught. She also studied with Velasquez Diaz. In La Paz she worked as an illustrator and editor for the newspaper La Razón. In 1951 Pacheco was allowed to attend La Escuela Central de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid, Spain as a graduate student and instructor. She moved to New York in 1956 as a Guggenheim Fellowship Award recipient. She also worked as a textile designer and as an illustrator at Life magazine.

Pacheco painted archaeological and mountain shapes translating them into semi-abstract forms. Her preferred media was wood, sand, acrylic, oil, and collage. She has been called a pioneer in the development of Bolivian contemporary art. Pacheco lived in New York until her death in 1982.
Provenance:
The papers were donated in 1982 by Maria Eugenia Ascarrunz, daughter of María Luisa Pacheco.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Occupation:
Painters  Search this
Topic:
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
María Luisa Pacheco papers, 1951-circa 1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.pachmari
See more items in:
María Luisa Pacheco papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pachmari

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