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Leo H. Baekeland Papers

Creator:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Names:
Bakelite Corporation  Search this
Nepera Chemical Co.  Search this
Extent:
15 Cubic feet (49 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Professional papers
Clippings
Laboratory notes
Personal correspondence
Photographs
Notebooks
Diaries
Date:
1976
1863 - 1968
Summary:
The papers document Leo H. Baekeland, a Belgian born chemist who invented Velox photographic paper (1893) and Bakelite (1907), an inexpensive, nonflammable, versatile plastic. The papers include student notebooks; private laboratory notebooks and journals; commercial laboratory notes; diaries; patents; technical papers; biographies; newspaper clippings; maps; graphs; blueprints; account books; batch books; formula books; order books; photographs; and correspondence regarding Baekeland, 1887-1943.
Scope and Contents:
Baekeland documented his life prolifically through diaries, laboratory notebooks, photographs, and correspondence. These constitute the bulk of the collection. The Bakelite company history is also incompletely documented in this collection through Baekeland's correspondence, the commercial laboratory notebooks, and some company ledgers.
Arrangement:
Series 1: Reference Materials, 1863-1868 and undated

Subseries 1.1: Biographical, 1880-1965

Subseries 1.2:Company History, 1910-1961

Subseries 1.3: Related Interests, 1863-1968 and undated

Series 2: Published and Unpublished Writings (by Leo H. Baekeland), 1884-1945

Series 3: Correspondence, 1888-1963 Subseries 3.1: Personal Correspondence, 1916-1943

Subseries 3.2: Charitable Donations, 1916-1938

Subseries 3.3: Family Correspondence, 1888-1963

Subseries 3.4: Clubs and Associations, 1916-1943

Series 4: Diaries, 1907-1943

Series 5: Reading and Lecture Notes, 1878-1886

Series 6, Laboratory Notebooks, 1893-1915

Series 7: Commercial Laboratory Notebooks, 1910-1920

Series 8: Bakelite Company, 1887-1945

Series 9, Patents, 1894-1940

Series 10: Bakelite Corporation Ledgers, 1910-1924; 1935; 1939

Series 11: Photographs, 1889-1950 and undated

Subseries 11.1: Photographs, 1889-1950 and undated

Subseries 11.2: Film Negatives, 1900-1941 and undated

Subseries 11.3: Photoprints, 1894-1941

Subseries 11.4: Stereographs, 1888-1902 and undated

Subseries 11.5: Film and Glass Plate Negatives, 1899-1900 and undated

Series 12: Audio Materials, 1976
Biographical / Historical:
Leo Hendrik Baekeland was an industrial chemist famous for his invention of Bakelite, the first moldable synthetic polymer, and for his invention of Velox photographic paper. Baekeland's career as an inventor and innovator was punctuated by an urge to improve existing technologies and a willingness to experiment both meticulously and daringly. Born in Ghent, Belgium in 1863, Baekeland was a distinguished chemistry student and became a young professor at the University of Ghent. He had a long standing interest in photography and sought to further photographic technology with his expertise in chemistry. In 1887 he obtained his first patent for a dry plate which contained its own developer and could be developed in a tray of water. With the support of a business partner/faculty associate, Jules Guequier, he formed a company named Baekeland et Cie to produce the plate, but the venture failed due to lack of capital.

On August 8, 1889, he married Celine Swarts, daughter of his academic mentor Theodore Swarts, Dean of the Faculty of Sciences at the University of Ghent. After his wedding he travelled to different countries using a traveling scholarship he had been awarded two years previously. His travels ended in the United States where he was offered a job researching chemical problems associated with manufacturing bromide papers and films with A. and H.T. Anthony and Company, a photographic supply producer. Leo and Celine Baekeland had three children: George, Nina and Jenny (1890-1895).

He left Anthony and Company in 1891 to be a consulting chemist. During that time he invented a photographic print paper using silver chloride which could be developed in artificial light instead of sunlight and thus offered more flexibility and consistency to photographers. In 1893, with financial support from Leonard Jacobi, a scrap metal dealer from San Francisco, he formed the Nepera Chemical Company in Yonkers, New York, to manufacture "gaslight" paper under the trade name Velox. The paper became quite popular and the company expanded its operations after its first three years. Finally, George Eastman bought the company for a reported $750,000 which afforded Baekeland the time to conduct his own research in a laboratory he set up on his estate, "Snug Rock," in Yonkers.

Baekeland worked on problems of electrolysis of salt and the production of synthetic resins. He was hired as a consultant to work with Clinton P. Townsend to perfect Townsend's patented electrolytic cell. Baekeland's work there contributed to the success of the Hooke Electrochemical Company which began in operations in Niagara Falls in 1905.

Simultaneously, in 1902 Baekeland began researching reactions of phenol and formaldehyde, and by 1907 was able to control the reactions and produce a moldable plastic (oxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride) which he named Bakelite. Although the process was not perfected for another couple of years, Baekeland applied for a patent for Bakelite right away. He announced his discovery to the scientific community in 1909, and in 1910 formed the General Bakelite Company. Bakelite was a thermosetting resin that, unlike Celluloid became permanently solid when heated. It was virtually impervious to heat, acids, or caustic substances. It could be molded into a wide variety of shapes and was an excellent electric insulator that came to replace hard rubber and amber for electrical and industrial applications. It was also suitable for a wide variety of consumer products such as billiard balls, jewelry, pot handles, telephones, toasters, electric plugs, and airplane instrument knobs. Two companies challenged Bakelite with significant competition, Condensite Corporation of America and Redmanol Chemical Products Company. Bakelite finally merged with these two companies in 1922 to become the Bakelite Corporation. Union Carbide finally bought the corporation in 1939.

Baekeland sustained his interest in photography by taking numerous photographs throughout his lifetime. He also devoted much of his spare time to professional societies and received various honorary degrees and awards such as the Perkin Medal. He had several hobbies such as boating, wine and beer making, and, exotic plants. He also traveled extensively throughout the world, which is documented in his diaries and photographs.

Baekeland spent his final years mostly in his Coconut Grove, Florida home where he became increasingly eccentric until his mind failed him and he was institutionalized. He died in 1943 at the age of eighty.

Scope and Content: Baekeland documented his life prolifically through diaries, laboratory notebooks, photographs, and correspondence. These constitute the bulk of the collection. The Bakelite company history is also incompletely documented in this collection through Baekeland's correspondence, the commercial laboratory notebooks, and some company ledgers.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Albany Billiard Ball Company Records (AC0011)

Celluloid Corporation Records (AC0009)

J. Harry DuBois Collection on the History of Plastics (AC0008)

Materials at Other Organizations

The Hagley Museum and Library, Manuscripts and Archives Department in Delaware also several related collections including: the Directors of Industrial Research Records, 1929 -982; the Du Pont Viscoloid Company, Survey of the Plastics Field, 1932; The Society of the Plastics Industry, 1937-1987; the Roy J. Plunkett Collection, 1910-1994 (inventor of Teflon); and the Gordon M. Kline Collection, 1903.
Separated Materials:
The National Museum of American History, Division Medicine and Science has several artifacts associated with Baekeland including the original "Bakalizer" the apparatus in which Bakelite was first made. See accession numbers: 1977.0368; 1979.1179; 1981.0976; 1982.0034; 1983.0524; 1984.0138.
Provenance:
The bulk of the collection was donated to the National Museum of American History's Division of Physical Sciences in November, 1981, by Celine Karraker, Leo H. Baekeland's granddaughter.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Phenolic resins  Search this
Travel -- Photographs  Search this
Chemists -- 1880-1970  Search this
Inventors -- 1880-1970  Search this
Plastics -- 1880-1970  Search this
Chemistry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Professional papers -- 1880-1970
Clippings -- 1880-1970
Laboratory notes
Personal correspondence -- 1880-1970
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 19th-20th century
Notebooks -- 1880-1970
Diaries -- 1880-1970
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Nitrate -- 19th-20th century
Citation:
Leo Baekeland Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0005
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep846e88df6-033d-4805-99e2-b308002a75f4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0005
Online Media:

Frank Zappa

Artist:
Robert Davidson  Search this
Sitter:
Frank Vincent Zappa, 21 Dec 1940 - 4 Dec 1993  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 33.2 × 33 cm (13 1/16 × 13")
Sheet: 51 × 40.5 cm (20 1/16 × 15 15/16")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United Kingdom\England\Greater London\London
Date:
1967
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Home Furnishings\Telephone  Search this
Home Furnishings\Towel  Search this
Interior\Bathroom  Search this
Frank Vincent Zappa: Male  Search this
Frank Vincent Zappa: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician  Search this
Frank Vincent Zappa: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Frank Vincent Zappa: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Rock  Search this
Frank Vincent Zappa: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Rock  Search this
Frank Vincent Zappa: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Robert Davidson
Object number:
NPG.2018.74
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© 1967 Robert Davidson
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4fb2b49ce-2927-4cc8-9bcf-6ef872058be6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2018.74

Lily Tomlin

Artist:
Richard Amsel, 1947 - 1985  Search this
Sitter:
Lily Tomlin, born 1 Sep 1939  Search this
Medium:
Paint and pencil on paperboard
Dimensions:
Image: 59.7 × 46.1 cm (23 1/2 × 18 1/8")
Sheet: 74.2 × 60.5 cm (29 3/16 × 23 13/16")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1977
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Hat\Top hat  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Star  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie\Bowtie  Search this
Lily Tomlin: Female  Search this
Lily Tomlin: Literature\Writer  Search this
Lily Tomlin: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Lily Tomlin: Performing Arts\Producer  Search this
Lily Tomlin: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Lily Tomlin: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine; conserved with funds from The Pritzker Traubert Family Foundation
Object number:
NPG.78.TC787
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Richard Amsel
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm40898718b-267f-48b9-a3e3-d01e3eed9202
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.78.TC787

Topical Gospel Songs, WW II and after

Collection Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (sound-tape reel, analog, 7 in.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Contents:
Tell me why you like Roosevelt (Reliable Jubilee Singers?)--Joe Louis was a fighting man (Dixieaires)--Wasn't that a time- (Pearl Harbor)-God save America, irf you please--God's got a television (Charles Taylor)--Atomic telephone-(Spirit of Memphis Quartet) -God made the moon to rule the night--Soldier not in uniform (Sensational Nightingales)--He'll hit like an atomic bomb (Pilgrim Travelers)--Jesus is God's atomic bomb (Swan Silvertone Sngers)--Death of Emmitt Till- (ramparts) -Story of Martin Luther King--We all praise him, Martin Luther King (Norfleet Brothers)--Freedom after awhile---God's gonna ring those freedom bells after awhile--My God don't like it--Shout school children (Will Hairston)--Alabama bus (Will Hairston)--We are freedom marching--President Kennedy lost his life (Southern Bells?)
Local Numbers:
FW-ASCH-7RR-1633
General:
CDR copy
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
Gospel music  Search this
Topical songs  Search this
United States -- History  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Collection Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH, Item FW-ASCH-7RR-1633
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Moses and Frances Asch Collection / Series 9: Audio Recordings / CD / CDR copy
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk55059d851-a6af-4f16-be3c-6163a17d6bef
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-asch-ref20080

Doc Watson and Jean Ritchie at Folk City

Performer:
Ritchie, Jean  Search this
Watson, Doc  Search this
Artist:
Watson, Doc  Search this
Collection Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (sound-tape reel, analog, 7 in.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Anglo-American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Place:
Appalachian Region, Southern -- Songs and music
United States
New York
North Carolina
Deep Gap (N.C.)
Kentucky
Contents:
Lord Bateman--Butcher boy (Railroad boy)--Intros--Billy in the lowground--Intros--No telephne in heaven
Track Information:
101 Lord Bateman (Child No. 53) / Doc Watson, Jean Ritchie. Guitar,Appalachian dulcimer.

102 Butcher Boy, The (The Railroad Boy) / Doc Watson, Jean Ritchie. Guitar,Appalachian dulcimer.

103 Billy in the Lowground / Doc Watson, Jean Ritchie. Guitar,Appalachian dulcimer.

104 No Telephone in Heaven / Doc Watson, Jean Ritchie. Autoharp.
Local Numbers:
FW-ASCH-7RR-5730
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: New York, United States.
General:
CDR copy
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
Folk songs -- United States  Search this
Guitar  Search this
Appalachian dulcimer  Search this
Autoharp  Search this
Collection Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH, Item FW-ASCH-7RR-5730
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Moses and Frances Asch Collection / Series 9: Audio Recordings / CD / CDR copy
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk518714be7-8552-44e2-9533-acb5b2a08fe1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-asch-ref27413

Englewood -- Pam's Garden

Provenance:
Garden Club of Englewood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Pam's Garden (Englewood, New Jersey)
United States of America -- New Jersey -- Bergen County -- Englewood
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles, plant lists, and other information.
General:
With time, energy and talent a steep one-third acre suburban lot was transformed into a private, leafy sanctuary terraced on three levels with stone steps, a brick patio, rambling walkways, three reflecting pools with a waterfall between two of them, and a distinctive collection of ericaceous ( acid-loving) shrubs, including some rhododendrons hybridized by the owner. The garden was overgrown and Norway maples, ashes, mulberries and other weed trees had to be cleared out before the transformation could begin. The grading was done by hand, with the owners moving soil in wheelbarrows. A brick patio was built directly behind the house and ground covers, rhododendrons, azaleas and mountain laurels were planted. Native rocks were gathered on excursions to the country, flagstones were reaped when the town replaced its sidewalks, and stone capstones were salvaged from an old school building that was to be demolished. The owners used the rocks to build the walls that define the terraces, built steps from the flagstones, and used the capstones as pedestals. Eventually they built and planted their first reflecting pool on the lowest level. A redwood tree was planted to disguise a telephone pole and English and American ivies were grown over chain link fencing as living borders that kept dogs out of the garden.
A long narrow driveway connects the house to the street and the bed running along one side was planted with spring bulbs, flowers, and shrubs. The rest of the perimeter of the property was planted with evergreen hemlock, rhododendrons, yew and English holly for privacy. There was a small patch of grass planted on each level of the garden that acted as a breathing space between dense foliage plantings. Since the soil was acidic most of the flowering in this garden was early in the season as rhododendrons, foxgloves, and other shrubs, bulbs, and trees bloomed sequentially from April until July. In the heat of summer the garden was a shady, green compilation of shapes and textures.
The owner built a Nearing frame for propagation of hybrid rhododendrons. The frame stays closed so the seedlings are kept warm and moist. Some grew to size and were planted in the garden. Evergreens and other trees were pruned up to let in light for under-plantings. Plants that thrived in Pam's Garden grew in mostly shady and acidic conditions, although heath did not survive the heat of the New Jersey summers.
Persons associated with the garden include Harden (former owner, 1940s-1956); Pamela and James Proctor (former owners, 1956-2010).
Related Materials:
Pam's Garden related holdings consist of 2 folder (34 35mm slides (photographs) + 19 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- New Jersey -- Englewood  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NJ152
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New Jersey
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6e1f0db55-5048-4720-9455-55fd0488eeef
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref20070
Online Media:

Lookout Mountain -- Steven & Susan Bradley Garden

Former owner:
Bradley, Susan  Search this
Bradley, Steven  Search this
Landscape designer:
Lea, Patricia  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Lookout Mountain  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Steven & Susan Bradley Garden (Lookout Mountain, Georgia)
United States of America -- Georgia -- Dade County -- Lookout Mountain
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles, and garden tour guides.
General:
Steven and Susan Bradley worked for nearly thirty years to transform six of their thirty-three acre property into a coherent garden that accommodates a steep terrain, displays unusual and colorful plants, and is seamless with the natural surroundings including distant views of the Smoky Mountains. During the early years of their ownership the woodlands needed to be cleared of fallen limbs and dead trees, including many dogwood trees that had succumbed to anthracnose blight. The forest floor was opened up to more light, allowing wild flowers and native pinxter to thrive, and the Bradleys added naturalized beds of spring bulbs. Their sustainable practices of using cow dung and leaf mold as fertilizers and severely limiting the use of herbicides and pesticides has encouraged birds, salamanders and beneficial insects onto the property. Walkways wide enough for two people were installed to make the terrain passable, with plantings of shrubs alongside blocking steep drops that might be dangerous. A severely eroded slope next to the house was improved by channeling and containing the overflow of water from a neighbor's property and installing water-loving plants nearby. There are mature oak, hemlock, buckeye and pine trees as well as native mountain laurel, azaleas and rhododendron, oak leaf hydrangea and viburnum planted throughout the property, the dogwood have reappeared, and a stand of Japanese maples the Bradleys planted reminded them of a previous residence in Japan.
An underground water system of nearly two miles was installed and electric and telephone wires were run underground. Boulders were dug out of planting beds. Perennials including black-eyed Susan and phlox were allowed to self-sow and spread to ground that had been improved with composts, and Siberian iris have been divided and replanted to fill a steep bank next to the house that was dangerous to mow when planted in grass. The combination of native, common and unusual plants provides bloom for nine months of the year. One bed holds Exbury azaleas, species Rhododendron bought in Steven Bradley's native Washington state, and an Alabama snow wreath that in 2009 was awarded the Catherine Beattle medal for excellence in horticulture by the Garden Club of Lookout Mountain.
All the land in the area was inhabited by the Cherokee Nation prior to their displacement in 1838. The vacant land was then auctioned to the surviving widows and orphans of soldiers who fought in the War of 1812, and the property the Bradley's owned and gardened was passed down through one family before they purchased it.
This garden has been featured in many garden tours. Proceeds from tours have supported the work of The Garden Conservancy and the Chattanooga Area Food Bank.
Persons associated with the garden include Ashley and Ruth Purse (former owners, 1948-1960); Robert and Helen Davenport (former owners, 1960-1980); Steven and Susan Bradley (former owners, 1980-2009); Patricia Lea (garden designer, 1985-2009)
Related Materials:
Steven & Susan Bradley Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (26 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Georgia -- Lookout Mountain  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File GA187
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Georgia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb611e8c048-154e-4fff-b5ab-1f641efce492
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref23195

[Trade catalogs from Allied Electronics, Inc.]

Company Name:
Allied Electronics, Inc.  Search this
Related companies:
Avnet Co. ; Spartan MFG Corp.  Search this
Notes content:
batteries ; circuit breakers and accessories ; fuses and fuse clips, blocks, holders, kits and testers ; surge protectors ; fans ; motors ; cabinets ; relays ; timers ; counters ; controls ; sensors ; thermostats ; switches ; magnifier lamps ; hardware ; wire and accessories ; connectors ; emergency lights ; exit signs ; indicators ; lamps ; arrays ; optoelectronics ; optoisolators ; optoswitches ; photocells ; photodiodes ; phototransistors ; tubes ; vacuum fluorescent displays ; capacitors ; chokes and inductors ; filters and voltage suppressors ; oscillators ; potentiometers ; resistors ; thermistors ; AC/DC power supplies ; DC/DC converters ; semiconductors ; solder equipment, chemicals, and cleaners ; telephone, audio, security and computer products ; panel meters ; test equipment ; adapters ; transformers; solenoids ; www.alliedelec.com
Includes:
Trade catalog and price lists
Black and white images
Color images
Physical description:
5 pieces; 5 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Fort Worth, Texas, United States
Date range:
1900s-2000s
Topic (Romaine term):
Chemicals and chemical products  Search this
Cleaning tools and supplies  Search this
Computers and computer equipment  Search this
Electrical apparatus and equipment  Search this
Engines and motors: steam; oil; gas; etc.  Search this
Hardware and hand tools  Search this
Lighting (electric; gas; candle; oil; etc.)  Search this
Locks and safes (including alarm and security systems)  Search this
Measuring; calculating and testing devices  Search this
Telephone; telegraph and telecommunications equipment and supplies  Search this
Topic:
Calculators  Search this
Candles  Search this
Chemicals  Search this
Cleaning compounds  Search this
Cleaning machinery and appliances  Search this
Computers  Search this
Electric apparatus and appliances  Search this
Engines  Search this
Hardware  Search this
Lamps  Search this
Lighting  Search this
Locks and keys  Search this
Measuring instruments  Search this
Motors  Search this
Optical equipment  Search this
Safes  Search this
Security systems  Search this
Telecommunication systems  Search this
Telephone  Search this
Telephone supplies industry  Search this
Tools  Search this
Weighing instruments  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_34655
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_34655

Buffalo Telephone Company Token

Maker:
Scovill Manufacturing Company  Search this
Physical Description:
silver (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 2.1 cm; 13/16 in
Object Name:
token
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Waterbury
Date made:
ca 1900
Credit Line:
Scovill, Inc.
ID Number:
1981.0296.1330
Accession number:
1981.0296
Catalog number:
1981.0296.1330
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Production and Manufacturing
Industry & Manufacturing
Scovill Manufacturing Collection
Transportation
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-14c7-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1382327
Online Media:

Kanji Telephone Token

Maker:
Scovill Manufacturing Company  Search this
Physical Description:
brass (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1.8 cm; 11/16 in
Object Name:
token
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Waterbury
Date made:
ca 1900
Credit Line:
Scovill, Inc.
ID Number:
1981.0296.1365
Accession number:
1981.0296
Catalog number:
1981.0296.1365
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Production and Manufacturing
Industry & Manufacturing
Scovill Manufacturing Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-093e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1382363
Online Media:

Southern New England Telephone Company Token

Referenced:
Southern New England Telephone Company  Search this
Maker:
Scovill Manufacturing Company  Search this
Physical Description:
silver (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1.9 cm; 3/4 in
Object Name:
token
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Waterbury
Date made:
ca 1900
Credit Line:
Scovill, Inc.
ID Number:
1981.0296.1449
Accession number:
1981.0296
Catalog number:
1981.0296.1449
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Production and Manufacturing
Industry & Manufacturing
Scovill Manufacturing Collection
Transportation
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-0b03-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1382452
Online Media:

FBI Wanted poster for Angela Davis

Created by:
Federal Bureau of Investigation, American, founded 1908  Search this
Subject of:
Angela Y. Davis, American, born 1944  Search this
Signed by:
J. Edgar Hoover, American, 1935 - 1972  Search this
Medium:
lithographic ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W: 16 x 10 7/16 in. (40.6 x 26.5 cm)
Type:
posters
Place made:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
August 18, 1970
Topic:
African American  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Law  Search this
Politics  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Andrew Breitbart and Michael Silver
Object number:
2012.146
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Advertisements
Movement:
Black Power (Black Pride)
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5e300c946-46e3-4f80-a215-7f82a29504b3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.146

The Invention That Changed New York Safety Forever

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2015-06-05T04:00:00.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_Eqf8YmwqqHA

1972 Yugoslavia Part 1

Creator:
Human Studies Film Archives  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2018-05-31T22:05:37.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
See more by:
HSFAFilmClips
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives
YouTube Channel:
HSFAFilmClips
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_X6jp0gcMebU

Joseph Henry: Champion of American Science

Creator:
National Museum of American History  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2013-12-02T20:55:53.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
American History  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianAmHistory
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianAmHistory
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_1t0nTCBG7jY

Telegraphs and Telephones - How They Work

Creator:
National Museum of American History  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2010-12-14T18:38:50.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
American History  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianAmHistory
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianAmHistory
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_7e522NK7gcM

Telephone Operators

Creator:
National Museum of American History  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2010-12-14T18:28:32.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
American History  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianAmHistory
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianAmHistory
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_r46zXIN3Nus

2011 National Design Awards: Lifetime Achievement Award - Matthew Carter

Creator:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2011-12-13T23:17:55.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Design  Search this
See more by:
cooperhewitt
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
YouTube Channel:
cooperhewitt
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_e4ETVwBWCFs

Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76, Ted Dougherty directs operations from the Bloomfield control desk

Artist:
Christo and Jeanne-Claude, active 1958  Search this
Christo, born Gabrovo, Bulgaria 1935-died New York City 2020  Search this
Jeanne-Claude, born Casablanca, Morocco 1935-died New York City 2009  Search this
Photographer:
Wolfgang Volz, German, born Tuttlingen, Germany 1948  Search this
Sitter:
Ted Dougherty  Search this
Medium:
black and white photograph
Dimensions:
frame: 16 x 23 1/2 in. (40.6 x 59.7 cm)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
April 29-August 20, 1976
Topic:
Occupation\industry\construction  Search this
Object\other\telephone  Search this
Modern art movement\installation exterior\Running Fence  Search this
Portrait male\bust  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase through the Luisita L. and Franz H. Denghausen Endowment
Copyright:
© 1976, Christo
Object number:
RF.3.178
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Related Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7c2aa3c5d-a5f4-4583-ba6a-a00a62d5ad17
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_RF.3.178

Dr. William H. Stewart

Artist:
Arthur Leipzig, 25 Oct 1918 - 5 Dec 2014  Search this
Sitter:
William H. Stewart, 19 May 1921 - 23 Apr 2008  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 24.2 × 16.5 cm (9 1/2 × 6 1/2")
Sheet: 25.3 × 20.3 cm (9 15/16 × 8")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1966
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Printed Material\Document  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Pin\Tie pin  Search this
Interior\Office  Search this
Home Furnishings\Telephone  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie\Necktie  Search this
William H. Stewart: Male  Search this
William H. Stewart: Medicine and Health\Physician  Search this
William H. Stewart: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer\Surgeon General  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Estate of Arthur Leipzig
Object number:
NPG.2018.162
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4d4d3cd24-570b-4313-a1e0-6b90d1343958
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2018.162

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