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Portrait of Frank Augustus Taylor (1903-2007)

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Taylor, Frank A (Frank Augustus) 1903-2007  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints; 4 x 3.5;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1960
Circa 1960s
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B27E_153]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Undetermined
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404261
Online Media:

Construction of Museum of History and Technology - Frank Augustus Taylor on 5th Floor Terrace

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Subject:
Taylor, Frank A (Frank Augustus) 1903-2007  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints; 5 x 7;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1964
Circa 1964
Topic:
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B27E_154]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404262
Online Media:

Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews

Topic:
The Torch (Serial)
Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Extent:
26 audiotapes (Reference). 45 digital .mp3 files (Reference copies).
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Compact discs
Audiotapes
Transcripts
Electronic records
Date:
1974, 1979-1980, 1982, 2005
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives' record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program staff conduct interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. There are also interviews conducted by researchers or students on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

Taylor was interviewed for the Oral History Program because of his long and outstanding scholarly and administrative career during his sixty years at the Smithsonian.
Descriptive Entry:
Taylor was interviewed by Miriam S. Freilicher on ten occasions between January and April of 1974, by Pamela M. Henson on seven occasions between July 1979 and April 2003, and by Henson and Cynthia Field in May of 2005. The interviews cover Taylor's youth and education, career at the Smithsonian from laboratory apprentice to Director-General of Museums, work on the Exhibits Modernization Program, development of the National Museum of History and Technology, role as an administrator and work in the international museum community.
Historical Note:
Frank Augustus Taylor (1903-2007) was a Curator of Engineering and Industries and administrator at the Smithsonian. He was born in 1903 in Washington, D.C., where he grew up. In 1922 he accepted a position as Laboratory Apprentice in the Division of Mechanical Technology of the United States National Museum (USNM), and in 1925 he advanced to Museum Aid. After receiving the B.S. in mechanical engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Taylor was appointed Assistant Curator in 1929. He became Curator of the Division of Engineering in 1933 and Head Curator of the Department of Engineering and Industries in 1948. Taylor also received the J.D. from Georgetown University Law School in 1934.

During his early years at the Smithsonian, Taylor worked to improve the exhibits and collections in the Arts and Industries Building of the USNM. During the depression, he was assistant director of the Historical American Merchant Marine Survey, WPA Federal Project #6, which was administered through the Smithsonian. In 1950, as chairman of the Exhibits Modernization Committee, he began planning the renovation program for exhibits in the USNM. In 1946 he also began the planning effort for a science and technology museum, and in 1954, the authorization for the National Museum of History and Technology was passed by Congress. In 1955 he was appointed Assistant Director of the USNM with special responsibility for planning the NMHT. Taylor oversaw construction of the building, hiring of staff, and development of exhibits. In 1958 he was appointed the first Director of the new museum which opened in January of 1964.

In the fall of 1962 Taylor was appointed Director of the United States National Museum with responsibility for both the National Museum of History and Technology and the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH). In 1968 he became Director-General of Museums with responsibilities for Smithsonian-wide programs in conservation, exhibits and registration, the National Museum Act programs, and the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service. Taylor was active in the international museum community and worked closely with the American Association of Museums and the International Council of Museums. He oversaw the 1965 Belmont Conference and Report on the needs of America's museums which led to the National Museum Act and the Museum Services and Facilities Act. Taylor was responsible for the development of the legislation and programs of the National Museum Act. Taylor retired on 23 January 1971 but continued to work at the Smithsonian as a Research Associate of Smithsonian Institution Archives and as Consultant to the Secretary until 1983.
Topic:
Science -- History  Search this
Technology -- History  Search this
Museum techniques  Search this
Records of meetings, organizations, and professional societies  Search this
Museum architecture  Search this
Museum directors -- Interviews  Search this
Museum curators -- Interviews  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Genre/Form:
Compact discs
Audiotapes
Transcripts
Electronic records
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Identifier:
Record Unit 9512
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9512

Interview 13: November 13, 1980

Collection Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9512-refidd1e1019

Interview of Taylor summarizes his planning for the NMHT and exhibits modernization after World War II, including plans for a Museum of Man which would include anthropology and cultural history with science and technology; the roles of Leonard Carmicha...

Collection Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9512-refidd1e1034

Transcript, pp. 389-412, of audio recording, 1 hour.

Collection Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9512-refidd1e1045

Recording of Interview: Total Recording Time: 1 hour

Collection Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9512-refidd1e1057

Interview 14: November 26, 1980

Collection Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9512-refidd1e1080

Interview of Taylor recounts his 1954 trip to Europe to see the post-war condition of museums in England, France, Germany, Norway and Sweden; and subsequent planning for the NMHT, including legislation, early efforts towards passage, and proposals to l...

Collection Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9512-refidd1e1095

Transcript, pp. 413-439, of audio recording, 1.5 hours.

Collection Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9512-refidd1e1106

Recording of Interview: Total Recording Time: 1.5 hours

Collection Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9512-refidd1e1117

Interview 15: December 4, 1980

Collection Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9512-refidd1e1140

Interview of Taylor discusses the successful 1955 legislative effort for NMHT, including passage of the legislation, establishment of a joint Congressional oversight committee, formation of an Ad Hoc Committee to Continue Planning for the NMHT, reactio...

Collection Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9512-refidd1e1156

Transcript, pp. 440-468, of audio recording, 1.5 hours.

Collection Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9512-refidd1e1167

Recording of Interview: Total Recording Time: 1.5 hours

Collection Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9512-refidd1e1178

Interview 16: April 29, 1982

Collection Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9512-refidd1e1201

Interview of Taylor discusses administration, including the concept of the USNM versus a central Smithsonian Institution, administrative changes during the tenures of Secretaries Alexander Wetmore and Leonard Carmichael, the status of the non-science d...

Collection Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9512-refidd1e1216

Transcript, pp. 469-488, of audio recording, 1 hour.

Collection Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9512-refidd1e1227

Recording of Interview: Total Recording Time: 1 hour

Collection Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9512-refidd1e1239

Interview 17: April 4, 2003

Collection Creator::
Taylor, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1903-2007, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9512, Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews
Frank A. Taylor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9512-refidd1e1262

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