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Hiram Powers papers

Creator:
Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873  Search this
Names:
Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848  Search this
Astor, William B. (William Backhouse), 1792-1875  Search this
Atlee, Samuel Yorke, b. 1808  Search this
Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, 1806-1861  Search this
Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878  Search this
Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850  Search this
Crawford, Thomas, 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Everett, Edward, 1794-1865  Search this
Fuller, Charles Francis  Search this
Gray, Henry Peters, 1819-1877  Search this
Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872  Search this
Healy, G.P.A. (George Peter Alexander), 1813-1894  Search this
Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845  Search this
Kinney, E. Clementine  Search this
Kinney, William  Search this
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882  Search this
Marsh, George Perkins, 1801-1882  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Peabody, George, 1795-1869  Search this
Powers, Longworth, 1835-1904  Search this
Powers, Preston, 1842 or 1843-1904  Search this
Sartain, John, 1808-1897  Search this
Story, William Wetmore, 1819-1895  Search this
Taylor, Bayard, 1825-1878  Search this
Trollope, Francis  Search this
Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852  Search this
Extent:
12.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Writings
Drawings
Poetry
Date:
1819-1953
bulk 1835-1883
Summary:
The papers of sculptor Hiram Powers measure 12.4 linear feet and date from 1819 to 1953, with the bulk of the material dating from 1835 to 1883. Over two-thirds of the collection consists of Powers' correspondence with business associates, purchasers of his artwork, and numerous friends in the United States and Florence, Italy. Of note is Powers' "Studio Memorandum," from 1841 to 1845, which contains dated notations of letters written, receipts and expenditures, business contacts, works in progress, commissions and price quotations for work, comments on problems encountered during studio work, and other notes. Additional papers include scattered biographical material, financial and legal records, printed materials, photographs of Powers, his family, artwork, as well as an extensive collection of carte de visite and cabinet card portraits of many notable figures. Also found is a small amount of artwork by Powers and others, a scrapbook, and two autograph and memorabilia albums.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of sculptor Hiram Powers measure 12.4 linear feet and date from 1819 to 1953, with the bulk of the material dating from 1835 to 1883. Over two-thirds of the collection consists of Powers' correspondence, which is particularly rich in documenting his artwork, methodology, and his interaction with business associates, purchasers of his artwork, and his numerous friends in the United States and Florence, Italy. Other papers include scattered biographical material, writings by Powers and others, financial and legal records, news clippings and printed items, photographs of Powers, his family, artwork, as well as an extensive collection of carte de visite and cabinet card portraits of many notable figures. Also found is a small amount of artwork by Powers and others, a scrapbook, and two autograph and memorabilia albums.

Biographical material consists of documents for honors conferred on Powers, price lists and inventories of his artwork, papers regarding his death, including a translation of his will, and ephemera, such as his studio cap.

The bulk of the collection consists of Powers' correspondence with family, friends, business associates, and others, documenting his career as an artist and his personal life after he and his family moved to Florence, Italy, in 1837. Almost all of the letters have typed unconfirmed transcriptions completed by volunteers at the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Besides details of his studio work and business dealings, his letters often discuss his views on aesthetics, American politics, slavery and the Civil War, and Spiritualism. Notable correspondence is with William B. Astor, Edward Everett, Samuel York Atlee, William and E. Clementine Kinney, George P. Marsh, George Peabody, Presidents Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams, William Cullen Bryant, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, John C. Calhoun, Thomas Crawford, John A. Dix, Asher Durand, Charles Francis Fuller, Henry Peters Gray, Horace Greeley, George P. A. Healy, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Samuel F. B. Morse, W. W. Story, John Sartain, Frances Trollope, and Daniel Webster.

Writings by Powers include his "Studio Memorandum," a journal-type notebook he kept from 1841 to 1845, which contains dated notations of letters written, receipts and expenditures, business contacts, works in progress, commissions and price quotations for work, comments on problems encountered during studio work, and other notes. Additional writings include poetry and autobiographical essays and instructions for handling his sculptures. Writings by others include poetry, most of which was written in praise of Powers' artwork. Of note are handwritten transcripts of poems by Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Bayard Taylor, and John Quincy Adams. Also found here are short writings about Powers and his artwork.

Scattered financial and legal records in this collection include patent documents for tools invented by Powers, legal agreements, account statements, and bills and receipts. Printed material consists of news clippings, two booklets, an art association brochure, and an exhibition catalog for works by Powers.

This collection contains photographs of Hiram Powers, his family, friends, notable public figures, and artwork. Many of the photographs were taken by his son, Longworth Powers, who had a private photography studio in Florence. Included are portraits of Powers and his family, as well as a collection of 267 carte de visite and cabinet card portraits of artists, performers, politicians, writers, scientists, and other public figures, many of whom were friends with the Powers family. Other photographs depict Woodstock, Vermont, the marble quarry at Carrara, Italy, and artwork by Hiram and Preston Powers. Also found here is a photograph album kept by Louisa Powers.

Artwork consists of three drawings by Hiram Powers, including a caricature of Miner Kellogg. Also found in this collection is a scrapbook containing news clippings regarding the American tour of the sculpture Greek Slave, an autograph album belonging to Louisa Powers, and an album containing pencil drawings by Preston Powers and dried flowers collected on travels.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 8 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1841-1927 (Box 1, 15; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1819-1883 (Box 1-10; 9.0 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1827-1887 (Box 10; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 4: Financial and Legal Records, circa 1840s-1892, 1915 (Box 10, OV 17; 8 folders)

Series 5: Printed Material, circa 1845-1953 (Box 10; 5 folders)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1860s-1900, 1927, 1932, early 1950s (Box 10-13, 16, OV 17; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, 1860, mid-1800s (Box 11; 4 folders)

Series 8: Scrapbooks and Albums, 1847-1876 (Box 14; 3 folders)
Biographical Note:
American sculptor Hiram Powers (1805-1873) was born in Woodstock, Vermont, and lived and worked briefly in Washington, D.C. and Boston, before settling permanently in Florence, Italy. Powers is known for portrait busts of prominent American politicians and his idealized neo-classical sculptures, most notably the Greek Slave.

The second youngest of nine children, Powers moved with his family to Cincinnati, Ohio in 1817. When he was 18 he began working in a factory that repaired watches and organs, and he later worked in the mechanical department of Dorfeuille's Western Museum. There, he developed his interest in sculpture and received a commission to create wax figures for a tableau of Dante's Inferno. In 1825 he studied with the Prussian sculptor Frederick Eckstein, who taught him how to model clay and make plaster casts. His early commissions for portrait busts caught the attention of Nicholas Longworth, who became his first patron and funded his travel to Washington, DC, in 1834. While in Washington, Powers completed portrait busts of several prominent politicians, including President Andrew Jackson. He also briefly worked on several commissions in Boston. In 1837, thanks to the patronage of Colonel John S. Preston, he and his family moved to Florence, Italy. He intended to live there for only a few years, but remained there for the rest of his life.

Powers set up a studio in Florence with several assistants, and continued to work on portrait bust commissions. He and his family were active members of the intellectual community of American and English émigrés, such as Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Horatio Greenough, the Trollope family, and many others. His studio was also a frequent stop on tourists' visits to Florence. In 1839 Powers began working on idealized sculptures in the Neo-classical style, based on history, mythology, and religion. Perhaps most famous of these are Greek Slave and Fisher Boy. Completed in 1845, Greek Slave was exhibited in London and toured the United States. The sculpture received wide attention from the press for its depiction of female nudity and its philosophical significance, and established Powers' international success as a sculptor.

During his career Powers received private and government commissions for portrait busts and ideal sculptures, and sold many replicas of his work. He also invented improved tools for use in his studio, which were patented in the United States, and he developed a special finishing process for marble from the Carrara quarry. He maintained friendships with many Americans through extensive correspondence, and openly expressed his views on the Civil War and the abolition of slavery. Powers' son Longworth had a photography and sculpture studio nearby, and his son Preston, also a sculptor, took over many of Hiram Powers' remaining projects at the time of his death in 1873.
Related Material:
Additional Hiram Powers papers are available at the Winterthur Museum.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds materials lent for microfilming. Reel D117 contains "The Sculpture of Hiram Powers," by Paul B. Metzler. Reels 815-818 includes a "Collection of Letters from Old Residents of Cincinnati to Hiram Powers," compiled by Clara Louise Dentler. Reels 1102-1103 are comprised of an unpublished manuscript entitled "White Marble: The Life and Letters of Hiram Powers, Sculptor," by Clara Louise Dentler. Lent materials were returned to the lenders and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Hiram Powers papers were purchased by the Smithsonian American Art Museum in 1967 from Christina Seeber, great-granddaughter of Hiram Powers which was subsequenlty transferred to the Archives of American Art in 1984. The Cincinnati Historical Society and Ohio State University also lent the Archives omaterials for microfilming in 1974.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Hiram Powers papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Sculptors -- Italy -- Florence  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Writings
Drawings
Poetry
Citation:
Hiram Powers papers, 1819-1953, bulk 1835-1883. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.powehira
See more items in:
Hiram Powers papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-powehira
Online Media:

Cedarcroft

Former owner:
Taylor, Bayard, 1825-1878  Search this
Collection Creator:
McFarland, J. Horace (John Horace), 1859-1948  Search this
American Rose Society  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print ((mounted on cardboard), black and white, mount 8.5 x 10.5 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Place:
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Chester County -- Kennett Square
Cedarcroft (Kennett Square, Pennsylvania)
Date:
08/19/1910
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
For information or study purposes only. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Houses  Search this
Ornamental grasses  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, J. Horace McFarland Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MCF, Item PA504001
See more items in:
J. Horace McFarland company collection
J. Horace McFarland company collection / Series 1: Garden Images / United States / Pennsylvania / PA504: Kennett Square -- Cedarcroft
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mcf-ref13888
Online Media:

Narrative of the expedition of an American squadron to the China Seas and Japan : performed in the years 1852, 1853, and l854, under the command of Commodore M.C. Perry, United States Navy, by order of the government of the United States

Author:
Perry, Matthew Calbraith 1794-1858  Search this
Hawks, Francis L (Francis Lister) 1798-1866  Search this
Green, Daniel S  Search this
Morrow, Joseph  Search this
Jones, George 1800-1870  Search this
Taylor, Bayard 1825-1878  Search this
West, G.R  Search this
Boyle, Junius J  Search this
Abbot, Joel 1793-1855  Search this
Bache, B.F  Search this
Cassin, John 1813-1869  Search this
Brevoort, James Carson 1818-1887  Search this
Jay, John C. (John Clarkson) 1808-1891  Search this
Redfield, W. C.. (William C.) 1789-1857  Search this
Bent, Silas 1820-1887  Search this
United States Treaties, etc. Japan  Search this
Japan Treaties, etc. United States  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. : 165 ill. (lithographs and woodcuts), maps, charts, facsims. ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Japan
United States
Date:
1856
Topic:
United States Naval Expedition to Japan, 1852-1854  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Exploring expeditions  Search this
Call number:
915.2 .P45
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_861664

Japan in our day / compiled and arranged by Bayard Taylor; revised by William Elliot Griffis

Author:
Taylor, Bayard 1825-1878  Search this
Griffis, William Elliot 1843-1928  Search this
Physical description:
x, 293 p. : ill. (1 double) ; 19 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Japan
Date:
1892
Topic:
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
915.2 .T2
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_861677

Eldorado, or, Adventures in the path of empire : comprising a voyage to California, via Panama : life in San Francisco and Monterey : pictures of the gold region, and experiences of Mexican travel / by Bayard Taylor ... with illustrations by the author

Title:
Adventures in the path of empire
Author:
Taylor, Bayard 1825-1878  Search this
King, T. Butler (Thomas Butler) 1800-1864  Search this
Taylor, Bayard 1825-1878  Search this
Ill:
Ward, J. C.  Search this
Printer:
Benedict, Charles W.  Search this
Lithographer:
Sarony & Major  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. (xii, 251 p. ; [3], 2-247, 43 (i.e. 45), [3] p., [8] leaves of plates) : col. ill. ; 20 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
California
Mexico
Date:
1850
Topic:
Voyages to the Pacific coast  Search this
Gold discoveries  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
F865 .T39 1850
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_534261

Four great artists of Chester county, by Henry Pleasants, Jr

Author:
Pleasants, Henry 1884-  Search this
Subject:
Taylor, Bayard 1825-1878  Search this
Read, Thomas Buchanan 1822-1872  Search this
Swayne, William Marshall 1828-1918  Search this
Cope, George 1855-1929  Search this
Physical description:
60 p., 1 l. ports. 21 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Pennsylvania
Chester County
Date:
1936
C1936]
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Call number:
N6530.P42 P5 1936X
N6530.P42P5 1936X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_433282

Picturesque Europe : a delineation by pen and pencil of the natural features and the picturesque and historical places of Great Britain and the continent / illustrated on steel and wood by European and American artists ; edited by Bayard Taylor

Author:
Taylor, Bayard 1825-1878  Search this
Physical description:
3 v., [57] leaves of plates : ill. ; 33 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Europe
Date:
1875
1879
[1875-1879]
Topic:
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
D919 .P62 1875
D919.P62 1875
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_441867

Illustrations to Goethe's Faust. By Paul Konewka. The English text from Bayard Taylor's translation

Author:
Konewka, Paul 1840-1871  Search this
Taylor, Bayard 1825-1878  Search this
Subject:
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 1749-1832 Faust Illustrations  Search this
Physical description:
[17] p. 12 pl. 30 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1871
Topic:
Silhouettes  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_458967

Birds of Japan / painted by members of the Perry Japan expedition

Author:
Patterson, H  Search this
Peters, W. T  Search this
Taylor, Bayard 1825-1878  Search this
Heine, Wilhelm 1827-1885  Search this
Perry, Matthew Calbraith 1794-1858 Japan expedition, 1852- 1854  Search this
Physical description:
1 portfolio (34 water color paintings, 4 lithographs) : col. ill. ; 37 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Place:
Japan
Date:
1852
1852-1854
Topic:
Birds  Search this
Call number:
MSS1650 B
MSS 1650 B
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_393343

A journey to Central Africa; or, Life and landscapes from Egypt to the Negro kingdoms of the White Nile. By Bayard Taylor. With a map and illustrations by the author

Author:
Taylor, Bayard 1825-1878  Search this
Physical description:
522 p. illus., fold. map. 19 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Egypt
Sudan
Date:
1854
Topic:
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
DT154.73 .T238 1854
DT154.73.T238 1854
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_253325

Picturesque Europe: A delineation by pen and pencil of the natural features and the picturesque and historical places of Great Britain and the continent. Illustrated on steel and wood by European and American artists. Edited by Bayard Taylor ..

Author:
Taylor, Bayard 1825-1878  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. fronts., illus., 58 pl. 33 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Europe
Date:
1875
[1875-79]
Topic:
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
D919.P61X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_254909

Eldorado, or, Adventures in the path of empire: comprising a voyage to California, via Panama; life in San Francisco and Monterey; pictures of the gold region, and experiences of Mexican travel. By Bayard Taylor ..

Author:
Taylor, Bayard 1825-1878  Search this
King, Thomas Butler 1804-1864  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. col. front., col. plates. 19 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
California
Mexico
Date:
1850
Topic:
Voyages to the Pacific coast  Search this
Gold discoveries  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
F865.T23X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_260298

Views a-foot; or, Europe seen with a knapsack and staff. By J. Bayard Taylor with a preface by N. P. Willis

Author:
Taylor, Bayard 1825-1878  Search this
Physical description:
448 p. plates. 20 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Europe
Date:
1848
[introd. 1848]
Topic:
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
D919 .T238 1848
D919.T238 1848
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_56255

Eldorado; or, Adventures in the path of empire; comprising a voyage to California, via Panama, life in San Francisco and Monterey, pictures of the gold region, and experiences of Mexican travel. With illus. by the author; introd. by Robert Glass Cleland

Author:
Taylor, Bayard 1825-1878  Search this
Physical description:
xxvii, 375 pages illustrations 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
California
Date:
1949
Topic:
Voyages to the Pacific coast  Search this
Gold discoveries  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1073446

Central Asia : travels in Cashmere, Little Thibet and Central Asia / Compiled and arranged by Bayard Taylor; revised by Thomas Stevens

Author:
Taylor, Bayard 1825-1878  Search this
Stevens, Thomas 1854-1935  Search this
Physical description:
vi p., 1 leaf, 294 p. : ill. (1 double), ports. ; 19 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Asia, Central
Date:
1892
C1892
Topic:
Description and travel  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_975494

Travels in Arabia / compiled and arranged by Bayard Taylor; revised by Thomas Stevens

Author:
Taylor, Bayard 1825-1878  Search this
Stevens, Thomas 1854-1935  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 296 p. : ill. ; 19 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Arabian Peninsula
Date:
1893
Topic:
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
DS207 .T39 1893
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_980326

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