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Center for the Study of Man Records

Topic:
Handbook of North American Indians
Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for the Study of Man  Search this
Stanley, Samuel Leonard  Search this
White, Wes  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Human Studies Film Archives  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Institute for Ethnic and Immigration Studies  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. National Anthropological Film Center  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. National Research Film Center  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Extent:
80.72 Linear feet (191 boxes and 32 audio reels)
Culture:
American Indians -- Economic development  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1966-1982 (a few earlier)
Summary:
The Center for the Study of Man (CSM) was a bureau level division of the Smithsonian Institution. These records were maintained by the Program Coordinator, Samuel L. Stanley, and include correspondence, scholarly papers, transcripts, administrative materials, photgraphs, and audio recordings. The materials relate to conferences and programs in which CSM took part.
Scope and Contents:
The records are mainly those of by Program Coordinator Samuel L. Stanley, the CSM administrative officer, and the Institute for Immigration and Ethnic Studies. Especially well documented are several international CSM-sponsored conferences, including a planning meeting in Cairo in 1972, several pre-session conferences (on cannabis, alcohol, population, and the transmission of culture) at the Ninth International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences at Chicago in 1973, and a 1974 meeting at Bucharest on the cultural implications of population change. Other records relating to cross-cultural studies include those concerning an abortive attempt to issue a series of monographs and the organization of special task forces concerned with questions of human fertility and the environment. The records also include material about the action anthropology projects with Native Americans with which Stanley was directly concerned. These focused on economic development and include material relating to the coordination of studies of specific tribes carried out with funds from the Economic Development Administration and on Stanley's economic development consulting for the American Indian Policy Review Commission. In addition, there are a few files that Stanley created for general information and material relating to his earlier teaching career.

Although some materials concerning these programs are housekeeping records, many letters, notes, and statements concern policy and procedure. For some conferences, there are scholarly papers and transcripts. Many files, especially those of an informational nature, include considerable amounts of printed and processed material. The collection also contains the papers of Wesley White.

With some CSM programs, Stanley's relationship was apparently formal instead of directly active. There is, for example, little documentation among his records that relates to the CSM's film center and less about the immigration and ethnic studies among his materials. Most material pertinent to these units are among the administrative officer's records.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 39 series: (1) Ninth International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences; (2) Cannabis Project, 1973; (3) Cannabis Conference; (4) International Congress on Cultural Transmission; (5) Alcohol Conference, 1973; (6) Population Project; (7) Cross Cultural Monograph Project; (8) American Indians General; (9) Cairo Conference; (10) Folklife; (11) General Correspondence; (12) American Indian Policy Review Commission; (13) Meetings; (14) Census Materials; (15) EDA Grant; (16) Panajachel Conference; (17) Wes White Papers; (18) National Study of American Indian Education; (19) CA Teaching Cooperative; (20) Washington Conference, April 10-12, 1966 (urgent anthropology); (21) Electronic Data Processing Files; (22) Indian Voices; (23) Current Anthropology; (24) General Anthropology; (25) Action Anthropology / Film Archives; (26) Foxfire; (27) Monographs; (28) Cairo Conference - Anthropology Public Policy/Indians Tourism; (29) Smithsonian Office of Anthropology; (30) Correspondence/Job Applications/Resumes; (31) Indian Draft Reports; (32) Population Conference; (33) 1970 Census 20% Sample of Indian Population by County; (34) Index Cards; (35) Sam Stanley Papers; (36) Research Institute for Immigration and Ethnic Studies; (37) Administrative Officer Records; (38) Miscellaneous Correspondence, Reports, Publications; (39) Sound Recordings
Administrative History:
The Center for the Study of Man (CSM) was established on July 1, 1968, as a bureau-level organization of the Smithsonian Institution. Its beginning was preluded by the appointment in 1965 of the Chicago-based anthropologist Sol Tax as special advisor in anthropology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian. Tax was to assist with the reorientation of anthropology at the Smithsonian and cooperation between him and the staff of the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology (now the Department of Anthropology) created several special programs, some of which were transferred to the center upon its inception.

Tax was CSM's first director. Samuel Leonard Stanley, formerly project coordinator for the Office of Anthropology, became the program coordinator for the center and was in charge of day-to-day operations. Priscilla Reining was appointed coordinator for urgent anthropology. In addition to such staff, CSM consisted of an advisory board (sometimes referred to as "members") drawn from the international community of anthropologists.

Essentially, CSM's concern was the application of anthropological knowledge to phenomena conceived as problems that confront mankind as a whole. It aimed to promote and coordinate study of these, mainly through the organization of special programs for meetings of established anthropological groups and by bringing together into special task forces researchers interested in the problems.

CSM also included several special programs. Although each of these had considerable independence, all can be seen as subsumed under its broad and ultimate purposes. Thus, the compilation of a computer-based directory of anthropologists and the compilation of bibliographies of anthropological literature were facilitative efforts.

An Urgent Anthropology Program, originally initiated in the Office of Anthropology following an international conference in Washington, D. C., in 1966, served to gather data essential to the more practical main purposes of the program as well as to produce studies of general anthropological interest. The support given such studies was in the form of small grants to allow field work in cultures that were rapidly changing under the pressure of modernization. Similarly, data were gathered and special studies carried out by the Research Institute on Immigration and Ethnic Studies (RIIES), added to the center in 1974 under the direction of Roy S. Bryce LaPorte, and the National Anthropological Film Center (NAFC), which was opened in 1975 and was incorporated in the center in 1977. An American Indian Program consisted of two parts: first, the compilation of a new multivolume Handbook of North American Indians under the general editorship of William C. Sturtevant was taken over from the Office of Anthropology and second, action anthropology projects were undertaken with various Native American groups.

Another goal of CSM was the establishment of a Museum of Man, which would host exhibits devoted to anthropology and ecology. However, due to internal disagreements over the aims of this museum, the project was never approved and fizzled out entirely in 1980.

CSM was one of several efforts of the Smithsonian to create research units to deal with broad problems of contemporary interest. Their success depended on two contingencies: first, funding would become available once the units were launched and, second, the traditional individualistic research of the Smithsonian staff could be continued or redirected--but somehow incorporated under the broad goals of the new units. When both assumptions proved difficult to realize, the new programs were terminated or limited. Thus, beginning in 1976, the center was slowly phased out.

In that year, Stanley was transferred from the center to the staff of the director of the National Museum of Natural History. In 1978, the Handbook of North American Indians was published, and the Handbook and Urgent Anthropology Programs were transferred to the museum's Department of Anthropology. CSM thus became composed only of RIIES and NAFC. In 1981, NAFC was divided: research, designated the Third World Film Center (or Research Film Center) was placed under one director and remained within CSM, and the archives, designated the Human Studies Film Archives (HSFA), was placed under another and was transferred to the Department of Anthropology. In 1982, HSFA was incorporated as a sibling of the National Anthropological Archives. The Third World Film Center was phased out in 1983.

Sources Consulted

Link, Adrianna Halina. "Salvaging a Record for Humankind: Urgent Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution, 1964-1984." PhD diss., Johns Hopkins University, 2016.

Chronology

1965 -- Sol Tax is appointed special advisor in anthropology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian

1966 -- The Urgent Anthropology Program is initiated by the Office of Anthropology

1968 -- The Center for the Study of Man (CSM) is established on July 1 The Urgent Anthropology Program is transferred to CSM The Handbook of North American Indians project is transferred to CSM CSM begins plans to build a Museum of Man

1973 -- The Research Institute on Immigration and Ethnic Studies (RIIES) is established within CSM

1975 -- The Smithsonian Institution receives funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and National Institutes of Health (NIH) to create a film center for human behavior The National Anthropological Film Center (NAFC) opens on May 1 under the CSM umbrella

1976 -- The position of program coordinator of CSM is removed in January and Samuel Stanley is transferred to the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) CSM is placed under the authority of NMNH CSM devotes the bulk of its resources to completing the Handbook of North American Indians

1977 -- NAFC is incorporated in CSM

1978 -- The Handbook of North American Indians is published and the program is transferred back to the Department of Anthropology at NMNH Urgent Anthropology Program is transferred to the Department of Anthropology at NMNH

1980 -- The final attempt to create a Museum of Man fails

1981 -- NAFC is divided into the Human Studies Film Archive (HSFA) and the Third World Film Center (or Research Film Center) on October 1 The HSFA is joined with the National Anthropological Archives (NAA) The Third World Film Center remains within CSM

1982 -- RIIES is transferred to the Department of Anthropology at NMNH

1983 -- The Third World Film Center is phased out
Restrictions:
The Center for the Study of Man records are open for research.

Access to the Center for the Study of Man records requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Population change -- and culture  Search this
Fertility, Human  Search this
Ecology  Search this
Transmission of culture  Search this
population  Search this
Action anthropology  Search this
Alcoholism  Search this
Cannabis  Search this
Citation:
Center for the Study of Man records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1980-10
See more items in:
Center for the Study of Man Records
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1980-10

Herbert Becker photographs of Fox Indians

Creator:
Becker, Herbert  Search this
Names:
Fox Project  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Extent:
300 Prints (circa, silver gelatin)
Culture:
Fox Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Date:
circa 1955
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of photographs of Mesquakie (Fox) Indians, probably made during or as part of Sol Taxʹs action anthropology work with the Fox Indians. It includes images of people, dances, archery, handicraft, vending, medical examinations, and food preparation at a single event, probably a powwow.
Biographical/Historical note:
Herbert Sheldon Becker was a student of Sol Tax during his Fox Project (1948-1953) with the University of Chicago and the Mesquakie settlement at Tama, Iowa. Becker later became a photographer associated with the university.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 38
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives also holds Sol Tax's Fox field notes and Fox Project records (MS 4802) and the University of Chicago Fort Berthold Action Anthropology Project records (MS 4805).
The Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library holds two photographs by Herbert Sheldon Becker.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Baseball  Search this
Dwellings  Search this
Vending stands  Search this
Handicraft  Search this
Cooking  Search this
Dance  Search this
Citation:
Photo lot 38, Herbert Becker photographs of Fox Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.38
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-38

MS 4846 Correspondence between BAE authors and the BAE Editorʹs office

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology Editor  Search this
Carmichael, Leonard  Search this
Johnson, F.  Search this
Correspondent:
Adams, William Yewdale  Search this
Alphonse, Rev. E.S.  Search this
Bass, William Marvin, III  Search this
Basso, Keith  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Biese, L. P.  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bowers, Alfred W.  Search this
Boyd, Mark F.  Search this
Bunzel, Ruth Leah, 1898-1990  Search this
Caldwell, Warren W.  Search this
Cancillius, D.  Search this
Capron, Louis Bishop, 1891-1971  Search this
Chafe, William  Search this
Coe, Joffre Lanning  Search this
Coe, Michael  Search this
Colton, Harold Sellers, 1881-1970  Search this
Cooper, Paul L. (Paul Lemen), 1909-1961  Search this
Davis, I.  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Devereux, George  Search this
Dorsey, H. W.  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Evans, Clifford, Jr  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005  Search this
Fisher, E. M.  Search this
Flannery, Kent Vaughn  Search this
Flannery, Regina  Search this
Fogelson, Raymond D.  Search this
Follett, W. I.  Search this
Fowke, Gerard, 1855-1933  Search this
Gearing, Frederick O., 1922-  Search this
Gentry H. S.  Search this
Gifford, Edward Winslow  Search this
Goggin, John M.  Search this
Goldfrank, Esther Schiff  Search this
Grange, R. T., Jr  Search this
Griffin, James B. (James Bennett), 1905-1997  Search this
Gulick, John  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Hass, Mary  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Henry, J.  Search this
Hickerson, Harold  Search this
Hickerson, Joseph Charles, 1935-  Search this
Hilger, Marie Inez, Sister, 1891-1977  Search this
Hoffman, B.  Search this
Holland, C. G.  Search this
Holzinger, C. H.  Search this
Howard, James H., 1925-1982 (James Henri)  Search this
Hoyme, Lucile Eleanor  Search this
Jelks, Edward  Search this
Jones, J. A.  Search this
Keyes, I.  Search this
Kilpatrick, F. and A.  Search this
Kissell, Mary Lois  Search this
Krieger, Herbert W. (Herbert William), 1889-1970  Search this
Kupferer, Harriet J.  Search this
Kurath, G.  Search this
Kutsche, P.  Search this
Ladd, J.  Search this
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932  Search this
Landy, D.  Search this
Le Claire, P.  Search this
Lewis, M. G.  Search this
Lounsbury, Floyd Glenn  Search this
Malouf, Carling I. (Carling Isaac), 1916-2007  Search this
Mangelsdorf  Search this
Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967  Search this
Mason  Search this
Mattes, Merrill, J.  Search this
Merriam, A. P.  Search this
Metcalf, George, 1900-1975  Search this
Meyer, G.  Search this
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Miller, Carl F.  Search this
Mills, J. E.  Search this
Morley, Sylvanus Griswold  Search this
Murrill, R.  Search this
Neuman, R.  Search this
Oberg, Kalvero  Search this
O'Bryan, A.  Search this
Olbrechts, Frans M., 1899-1958  Search this
Osborne, Douglas  Search this
Oswalt, W.  Search this
Palmer, M. H.  Search this
Parsons, Elsie Worthington Clews, 1874-1941  Search this
Petersen, Karen Daniels  Search this
Pierson, D.  Search this
Radin, Paul, 1883-1959  Search this
Rands, R. L.  Search this
Rhodes, Willard, 1901-1992  Search this
Roberts, Helen H. (Helen Heffron), 1888-1985  Search this
Roth, William P.  Search this
Shimkin, Demitri Boris  Search this
Shiner, Joel L.  Search this
Smith, C.  Search this
Smith, Homer Garner  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Spencer, Robert  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Squier, Robert J.  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Teit, James Alexander, 1864-1922  Search this
Thomas, R. K.  Search this
Tooker, Elizabeth  Search this
Tschopik, Harry S. Jr.  Search this
Tsien Y. Y.  Search this
Van Stone, James W.  Search this
Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie, 1903-1988  Search this
Vogt, Evon Zartman  Search this
Wallace, A.  Search this
Wallace, W. J.  Search this
Webb, William S. (William Snyder), 1882-1964  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Weiant, C. W. (Clarence Wolsey), 1897-1986  Search this
Weltfish, Gene, 1902-1980  Search this
Wheeler, Richard Page  Search this
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Wilder, C. S.  Search this
Willey, Gordon R. (Gordon Randolph), 1913-2002  Search this
Wood, Raymond  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Ackerknecht, Erwin H.  Search this
Beals, Ralph L. (Ralph Leon), 1901-1985  Search this
Boyd W.  Search this
Collier, Donald, 1911-1995  Search this
Cooper, John M. (John Montgomery), 1881-1949  Search this
De Avile, B.  Search this
De Gandia, E.  Search this
Frenguelli, Joaquín, 1883-1958  Search this
Gillin, John, 1907-1973  Search this
Gilmore, R. M.  Search this
Goldman, Irving, 1911-2002  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Henckel, C.  Search this
Horton, D.  Search this
Imbelloni, J.  Search this
Kubler, G. A.  Search this
La Barre, Weston, 1911-1996  Search this
Levi-Strauss, C.  Search this
Lipkind, William, 1904-1974  Search this
Lowie, Robert Harry, 1883-1957  Search this
McBryde, F. W.  Search this
McCown, T. D.  Search this
Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967  Search this
Miller, R. R.  Search this
OʹNeale, Lila M.  Search this
Parks, E. T.  Search this
Pourchet, M. J.  Search this
Powers, N.  Search this
Riley, M. W.  Search this
Root, W. C.  Search this
Rouse, Irving, 1913-2006  Search this
Rowe, John Howland, 1918-2004  Search this
Sauer, Carl  Search this
Steggerda, Morris  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972  Search this
Stone, D.  Search this
Stout, D. C.  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Wilson, E. A.  Search this
Science Information Services  Search this
Names:
Hunter College  Search this
Extent:
3 Volumes
4 Boxes
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1927-1967
Scope and Contents:
Also records of galley and page proofs.
Arrangement:
Letters are arranged alphabetically by author, except for a separate file relating to the Handbook of South American Indians (BAE-B 143).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4846
Topic:
Handbook of Middle American Indians  Search this
Isleta Indians  Search this
Policy  Search this
River Basin Survey Bulletin-Final Costs  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4846, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4846
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4846

MS 7045 Sound recordings and transcripts of proceedings of Conference on Smithsonian Research Program on Changing Cultures

Creator:
Conference on Smithsonian Research Program on Changing Cultures Washington, D.C.  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Extent:
249 Pages
7 Items (tapes )
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
April 10-12, 1966
Biographical / Historical:
Conference on urgent anthropology sponsored by Wenner Gren Foundation, chaired by Sol Tax and William C. Sturtevant.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7045
Local Note:
7 in. reel to reel tape
Topic:
Anthropology -- History  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7045, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7045
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7045

MS 7051 Tape recordings and partial transcript of urgent anthropology sessions at VIIIth International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences

Creator:
International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, VIIIth Tokyo, Japan  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Hohenwart-Gerlachstein, Anna  Search this
Extent:
58 Pages
2 Reels
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Reels
Date:
September 5, 1968
Scope and Contents:
Transcription of afternoon discussion only.
Biographical / Historical:
Chaired by Sol Tax an Anna Hohenwart-Gerlachstein.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7051
Local Note:
7 in., reel-to-reel, 2 track, 3 3/4 ips.
Topic:
Anthropology -- urgent anthropology  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7051, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7051
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7051

Conrad M. Arensberg papers

Creator:
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Names:
Brooklyn College  Search this
Columbia University  Search this
Harvard University  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Correspondent:
Appell, George N.  Search this
Beatty, John  Search this
Chapple, Eliot D.  Search this
Comitas, Lambros  Search this
Coon, Carleton S. (Carleton Stevens), 1904-1981  Search this
Curry, Donald  Search this
Dillon, Wilton  Search this
Ehrich, Robert W.  Search this
Fried, Morton H. (Morton Herbert), 1923-1986  Search this
Gamburd, Geraldine DeNering  Search this
Garrison, Vivian, 1933-2013  Search this
Goodell, Grace E.  Search this
Halpern, Joel Martin  Search this
Haskell, Edward F.  Search this
Iberall, Arthur S.  Search this
Kimball, Solon T.  Search this
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Lomax, Alan, 1915-2002  Search this
Mencher, Joan P., 1930-  Search this
Niehoff, Arthur H., 1921-  Search this
Richardson, Frederick L.W.  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Tootell, Geoffrey M. B. (Geoffrey Matthew Bemis)  Search this
Warner, William Lloyd  Search this
Whyte, William Foote, 1914-2000  Search this
Winner, Irene  Search this
Zenner, Walter P.  Search this
Extent:
33.3 Linear feet (83 document boxes)
Culture:
Irish  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Periodicals
Lecture notes
Reports
Syllabi
Photographs
Field notes
Correspondence
Place:
India
Europe
Ireland
Date:
1931-1997
Summary:
This collection contains the professional papers of Conrad M. Arensberg, anthropologist, university professor, and anthropological consultant. Included are correspondence; published and unpublished writings; research materials, including notes, correspondence, diaries, charts, drafts, interviews, research plans, reports, project proposals, and bibliographic cards; speeches; pamphlets; articles from newspapers and periodicals; course materials, including bibliographies, lecture notes, reading lists, assignments, exams, project proposals, and syllabi; curriculum vitae; date books; scholarly papers and publications of other scholars; and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains the professional papers of Conrad M. Arensberg, anthropologist, university professor, and anthropological consultant. Included are correspondence; published and unpublished writings; research materials, including notes, correspondence, diaries, charts, drafts, interviews, research plans, reports, project proposals, and bibliographic cards; speeches; pamphlets; articles from newspapers and periodicals; course materials, including bibliographies, lecture notes, reading lists, assignments, exams, project proposals, and syllabi; curriculum vitae; date books; scholarly papers and publications of other scholars; and photographs.

The materials in this collection document Arensberg's career as a university professor, his relationships with colleagues across a spectrum of disciplines, and his contributions to the field of anthropology. As a respected member of the anthropological community, Arensberg received a voluminous amount of correspondence from his peers, who often included copies of their most recent papers. He kept many of these works, which, along with his annotations, can be found throughout the collection. It appears he used these papers in a variety of ways, including as resources for his classes or as reference materials. Arensberg's own work is reflected in his writings and research files. Arensberg's Ireland research, despite its importance to his career and to the field of anthropology as a whole, has a minimal presence in the collection. Located in Series 3. Research Files, the subseries containing Arensberg's Ireland material primarily consists of photocopies of his correspondence, field notes, and diaries during this time. His role as a professor, rather than as a researcher or writer, is the most well-represented in the collection. Arensberg formed lasting relationships with many of his students, as evidenced by his continued correspondence with many of them long after their years at Columbia.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 8 series:

Series 1) Correspondence, 1933-1994

Series 2) Writings, 1936-1983

Series 3) Research files, 1931-1984

Series 4) Professional activities, 1933-1990

Series 5) Teaching files, 1938-1983

Series 6) Biographical files, 1946-1997

Series 7) Subject files, 1934-1979

Series 8) Photographs, undated
Biographical Note:
Conrad M. Arensberg was born on September 12, 1910 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Academically inclined from a young age, he graduated first in his class at Shadyside Academy in Pittsburgh. His early success earned him admittance to Harvard College. Arensberg studied anthropology and graduated summa cum laude in 1931.

As a graduate student at Harvard University, Arensberg was asked to join a project being conducted in Ireland by Harvard's Anthropology Department. Alongside W. Lloyd Warner and Solon T. Kimball, Arensberg spent three years studying rural Irish life in County Clare. This research resulted in his doctoral dissertation, "A Study in Rural Life in Ireland as Determined by the Functions and Morphology of the Family," which was later published as The Irish Countryman in 1937. His work was groundbreaking in the field of anthropology, and his study of County Clare "became a model for other community studies... requiring that researchers study a target culture from the inside, making meticulous notes on everything they saw, heard or experienced." Arensberg reshaped the way that anthropologists approached fieldwork and opened doors for the study of modern industrial societies.

Arensberg had a long teaching career. He first became a university professor in 1938 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and remained a professor for the rest of his life, teaching at MIT, Brooklyn College, Barnard College, Columbia University, the University of Florida, and the University of Virginia. At Columbia, Arensberg worked alongside such notable anthropologists as Margaret Mead, Charles Wagley, and Marvin Harris.

Arensberg officially retired in 1979, but he continued to collaborate with his colleagues, counsel past students, and participate in professional associations until his death. He passed away on February 10, 1997 in Hazlet, New Jersey.

Sources Consulted

Comitas, Lambros. 2000. "Conrad Maynadier Arensberg (1910-1997)." American Anthropologist 101(4): 810-813.

Curriculum Vitae—Amended Posthumously. Series 6. Biographical Files. Conrad M. Arensberg papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

Thomas, Robert McG. Jr. 1997. "Conrad Arensberg, 86, Dies; Hands-On Anthropologist." New York Times, February 16: 51.

Chronology

1910 September 12 -- Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

1931 -- B.A. from Harvard College

1932-1934 -- Traveled to Ireland to study rural life in County Clare as part of the Harvard Irish Mission

1933-1936 -- Junior Fellow, The Society of Fellows, Harvard University

1933-1994 -- Member and Fellow, American Anthropological Association

1934 -- Ph.D. in Anthropology from Harvard University

1937 -- Published The Irish Countryman, the result of his work in Ireland

1938-1940 -- Occasional consultant, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of American Ethnology

1938-1941 -- Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences and Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1940 -- Founded (with others) the Society for Applied Anthropology

1941-1946 -- Associate Professor and Chairman, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Brooklyn College

1943-1946 -- Captain, Major, AUS, Military Intelligence Service

1946-1952 -- Associate Professor of Sociology, Chairman (until 1949) Department of Sociology, Barnard College, Columbia University

1951-1952 -- Research Director, UNESCO, Institute for the Social Sciences, Cologne, Germany

1951-1952 -- Editor, Point Four Manual, American Anthropological Association

1952-1953 -- Associate Professor of Anthropology, The Graduate Faculty of Political Science, Columbia University

1953-1970 -- Professor of Anthropology, Chairman (1956-1959), Department of Anthropology, Columbia University

1962-1978 -- Co-Director (with Alan Lomax) of Columbia University's Cross-Cultural Surveys of Social Structure and Expressive Behavior

1970-1979 -- Buttenwieser Professor of Human Relations, Columbia University

1979-1997 -- Buttenwieser Professor Emeritus of Human Relations, Columbia University

1980 -- President, American Anthropological Association

1991 -- First recipient, "Conrad M. Arensberg Award" of the Society for the Anthropology of Work

1997 February 10 -- Died in Hazlet, New Jersey
Related Materials:
Arensberg is listed as a correspondent in the following collections at the Smithsonian Institution's National Anthropological Archives: John Lawrence Angel papers; Papers of Carleton Stevens Coon; Ethel Cutler Freeman papers; Frederica de Laguna papers; Ruth Landes papers; William Duncan Strong papers.

For oral history interviews with Arensberg, see the following collections:

-The Smithsonian Institution's Human Studies Film Archives "Video Dialogues in Anthropology: Conrad Arensberg and Lambros Comitas, 1989." In this video oral history conducted by anthropologist Lambros Comitas, Arensberg comments on his training in anthropology, the individuals who were influential in his career, and the geographical areas where he conducted his fieldwork.

-The National Anthropological Archives Manuscript (MS) 2009-15. May Mayko Ebihara conducted this oral history interview with Arensberg on March 7, 1984 as part of a larger oral history project with anthropologists.

For more concerning Arensberg's work with interaction theory, see the Frederick L.W. Richardson papers at the National Anthropological Archives. Richardson worked closely with Eliot Chapple and Conrad Arensberg on theories concerning human interaction.

For correspondence and other information related to Arensberg's Ireland research, see: Solon Toothaker Kimball Papers, Special Collections, Teachers College, Columbia University; and Solon Toothaker Kimball Papers, The Newberry Library, Chicago.

Additional materials concerning Arensberg's research and personal life can be found among the papers of his wife, anthropologist Vivian "Kelly" Garrison. See the Vivian E. Garrison papers at the National Anthropological Archives.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Vivian E. Garrison Arensberg in 2011.
Restrictions:
The Conrad M. Arensberg papers are open for research.

Files containing Arensberg's students' grades have been restricted, as have his students' and colleagues' grant and fellowships applications. For preservation reasons, the computer disk containing digital correspondence files from Joel Halpern is restricted.

Access to the Conrad M. Arensberg papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Peasants  Search this
Management  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Ethnic groups  Search this
Family  Search this
Urban policy  Search this
Social interaction  Search this
Industrial relations  Search this
Political anthropology  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Applied anthropology  Search this
Economic anthropology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Periodicals
Lecture notes
Reports
Syllabi
Photographs
Field notes
Correspondence
Citation:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2011-17
See more items in:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2011-17

Salvaging a Record for Humankind: Urgent Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution, 1964-1984

Author:
Link, Adrianna Halina  Search this
Subject:
Tax, Sol 1907-1995  Search this
Ripley, Sidney Dillon 1913-2001  Search this
Edition:
Ph.D. dissertation
Physical description:
Number of pages: 319; Page numbers: 1-311
Place:
United States
Date:
2016
1945-1989
Topic:
World politics  Search this
Environmental sciences  Search this
Ecology  Search this
Anthropologists  Search this
Salvage archaeology  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Cold War  Search this
Publisher:
Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14919

Current anthropology

Author:
Tax, Sol 1907-1995  Search this
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill., maps ; 29 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1960
1960-
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
Call number:
GN1 .C97
Electronic Resource GN1
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_64215

Penny capitalism; a Guatemalan Indian economy

Author:
Tax, Sol 1907-1995  Search this
Physical description:
x, 230 p. maps (2 fold. in pocket) diagrs., tables. 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Guatemala
Panajachel
Panajachel, Guatemala
Date:
1963
1953
[1963]
Topic:
Agriculture--Economic aspects  Search this
Economic conditions  Search this
Call number:
F1465.3.E2 T23 1963
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_44098

The Meskwaki and Sol Tax : reconsidering the actors in action anthropology / by Judith M. Daubenmier

Author:
Daubenmier, Judith M  Search this
Subject:
Tax, Sol 1907-1995-  Search this
Physical description:
v, 394 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Manuscripts
Place:
Iowa
Sac and Fox Reservation (Iowa)
Date:
2003
Topic:
Anthropology--Methodology  Search this
Anthropological ethics  Search this
Study and teaching  Search this
Research  Search this
Call number:
E99.F7 D38 2003a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_800545

Indian tribes of aboriginal America : selected papers / edited by Sol Tax

Author:
International Congress of Americanists (29th : 1949 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Tax, Sol 1907-1995  Search this
Physical description:
x, 410 p. : ill., maps, music ; 24 cm
Type:
Congresses
Date:
1967
1967 [c1952]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_839864

The American Indian now : an NBC radio discussion / by John Provinse, Thomas Segundo and Sol Tax ; including Indian crisis / by D'Arcy McNickle

Author:
Provinse, John Henry 1897-1965  Search this
Segundo, Thomas  Search this
Tax, Sol 1907-1995  Search this
McNickle, D'Arcy 1904-1977  Search this
Physical description:
18 p. ; 20 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1954
C1954
Topic:
Social conditions  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Call number:
E98.S67 A44 1954
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_611248

Currents in anthropology : essays in honor of Sol Tax / edited by Robert Hinshaw

Author:
Tax, Sol 1907-1995  Search this
Hinshaw, Robert E. 1933-  Search this
Subject:
Tax, Sol 1907-1995  Search this
Physical description:
xxiv, 561 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1979
C1979
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Applied anthropology  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_589441

Fieldwork : the correspondence of Robert Redfield and Sol Tax / edited and with an introduction by Robert A. Rubinstein ; foreword by Lisa Redfield Peattie

Author:
Redfield, Robert 1897-1958  Search this
Tax, Sol 1907-1995  Search this
Rubinstein, Robert A. 1951-  Search this
Subject:
Redfield, Robert 1897-  Search this
Tax, Sol 1907-  Search this
Physical description:
xxi, 354 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Correspondence
Place:
United States
Guatemala
Date:
1991
Topic:
Ethnologists  Search this
Ethnology--Fieldwork  Search this
Call number:
GN21.R43 1991X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_412786

Heritage of conquest; the ethnology of Middle America, by Sol Tax and members of the Viking Fund seminar on Middle American ethnology

Author:
Tax, Sol 1907-1995  Search this
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research  Search this
Physical description:
312 p. map. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Central America
Mexico
Date:
1968
1952
1968 [c1952]
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Acculturation  Search this
Social conditions  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Call number:
F1434.T3 1968X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_315724

Acculturation in the Americas : proceedings and selected papers / of the XXIXth International Congres of Americanists ; edited by Sol Tax ; with an introd. by Melville J. Herskovits

Author:
International Congress of Americanists (29th : 1949 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Tax, Sol 1907-1995  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 339 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Congresses
Date:
1949
1949,c1952
Topic:
Acculturation--Congresses  Search this
Call number:
E51 .I61 1949
E51.I61 1949
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_350149

The civilizations of ancient America : selected papers / of the XXIXth International Congress of Americanists ; edited by Sol Tax ; with an introd. by Wendell C. Bennett

Author:
International Congress of Americanists (29th : 1949 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Tax, Sol 1907-1995  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 328 p. : illus., maps, ports. ; 24 cm
Type:
Congresses
Date:
1951
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
F1434 .I61 1949
F1434.I61 1949
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_350150

The Draft : a handbook of facts and alternatives / Edited by Sol Tax

Author:
Tax, Sol 1907-1995  Search this
University of Chicago  Search this
Subject:
United States Selective Service System Congresses  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 497 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1967
[1967]
Topic:
Draft--Congresses  Search this
National service  Search this
Call number:
UB340.D7X 1967
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_356061

Heritage of conquest; the ethnology of Middle America, by Sol Tax and members of the Viking Fund seminar on Middle American Ethnology [held in New York City, Aug. 28 through Sep. 3, 1949]

Author:
Tax, Sol 1907-1995-  Search this
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research  Search this
Physical description:
312 p. maps. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Central America
Mexico
Date:
1952
[1952]
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Acculturation  Search this
Call number:
F1434.T3X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_264186

Anthropology for the future / edited by Demitri B. Shimkin, Sol Tax, John W. Morrison

Author:
Shimkin, Demitri B (Demitri Boris) 1916-1992  Search this
Tax, Sol 1907-1995  Search this
Morrison, John Wesley 1944-  Search this
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Anthropology  Search this
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Office of International Programs and Studies  Search this
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign School of Social Sciences  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 294 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Congresses
Date:
1978
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
Call number:
GN3 .A76X
GN3.A76X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_115394

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