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Project for a Tapestry Screen with a Hawk Attacking a Wading Bird

Maker:
Jean-Baptiste Oudry, French, 1686 – 1755  Search this
Medium:
Brown and black crayon on paper
Type:
textile designs
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Made in:
France
Date:
1730
Credit Line:
Museum purchase through gift of George A. Hearn
Accession Number:
1942-67-1
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1942-67-1

Miami -- Vizcaya

Former owner:
Deering, James, 1859-1925)  Search this
Architect:
Hoffman, Francis Burrell, 1882-1980)  Search this
Landscape architect:
Suarez, Diego, 1888-1974  Search this
Sculptor:
Calder, Alexander Stirling, 1870-1945  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
5 Slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
Vizcaya estate (Florida)
United States of America -- Florida -- Miami-Dade County -- Miami
General:
The Vizcaya gardens span over ten acres surrounding the former winter home of the wealthy industrialist and patron of the arts, James Deering (1859-1925). The Vizcaya estate, located in the Coconut Grove area of Miami, was conceived of by Deering and artist and designer Paul Chalfin (1874-1959). Together they traveled extensively through Europe, particularly Italy, to inspire the design for Deering's South Florida retreat. Vizcaya which means "an elevated place" in Basque, was built in the years 1914 to 1916, and transformed a jungle tract of land into one of the most celebrated houses on the Eastern Seaboard. Diego Suarez (1888-1974), a Columbia-born landscape architect trained in Florence, Italy, was commissioned to create a modern, subtropical interpretation of classical, European Renaissance and Baroque landscape design suited to Miami's climate and terrain. Suarez' extensive knowledge of Italian gardens was combined with a consciousness of architectural design to create a setting for the house.

The garden scheme was divided into various terraces and areas, including a completely walled secret garden, a maze garden, theater garden, pergola garden, and the fountain garden, which features a fountain from the town square of Sutri, Italy. Plants were chosen for their ability to withstand south Florida's climate and pests and combined with native soil and plant materials in designs inspired by gardens seen by Deering and Chalfin on their tours of Italy and France. Varieties of bougainvillea, roses, water lilies, and jasmine were among the flowers found throughout the gardens, along with potted pines and podocarpus, some carefully trimmed in the art of topiary. The gardens were trimmed with hedges and trees and feature decorative walls, balustrades, urns, and sculpture. The areas were supplied with water through designed elements meant to compliment the garden such as pools, cascades, a frescoed grotto pool, fountains, and a system of canals, which invokes scenes on the waterways of Venice.

Unique among country estates, the gardens of Vizcaya integrated statues, busts, vases and urns that ranged from antiquity to the Renaissance and Baroque periods, as well as modern art from Deering's time into the lush vegetation. As the artistic advisor of the property, Paul Chalfin, acquired artifacts as decoration rather than to create a collection. Garden artworks ranged from antique elements to new sculptural decorations by contemporary artists. The gardens also featured several structures including a Baroque casino (garden house), decorative bridges, a large boathouse with a rooftop garden, and a domed garden house called the Casba. The most celebrated outdoor feature was the Barge by artist Alexander Stirling Calder (1870–1945), located in the water in front of the house. In addition to the house and gardens, the grounds also housed a swimming pool and tennis courts. Over two-thirds of the estate, originally 180 acres of subtropical forest along the shores of Biscayne Bay, remains in its natural state. The untouched hammock, shoreline, and pineland serves as a background for the more formal main gardens and along the drive up to the house. The Vizcaya property was surrounded by a wall with decorative paintings on stone and wrought-iron grills.

The house was designed to take advantage of its location on west shore of Biscayne Bay and each side of the house had a unique relationship with the surrounding grounds with loggias, terraces, arcades, and a partially enclosed swimming pool and, from some rooms, views of the gardens and bay. Architect F. Burrell Hoffman Jr. (1884-1980) was commissioned to design the house in the manner of an Italian Renaissance-style villa. Hoffman adapted traditional Mediterranean architectural elements to the subtropical climate in the palatial 70-room mansion. The beautifully planned interior was designed around an airy garden courtyard with a peripheral gallery, originally open to the sky, that was the heart and primary living space of the home. The house embraced modern conveniences and employed the latest technology of the period with an automated telephone switch board, a central vacuum-cleaning system, central heating, several elevators, generators and a water filtration system. The house also included a billiard room, bowling alley, and smoking room. The interiors were designed by the artistic advisor Paul Chalfin around objects acquired on Deering's travels in period rooms ranging in style from the Renaissance through the Neoclassical. The villa housed entire ceilings, mural paintings, chimney pieces, carved paneling, and doorways removed from foreign palaces along with rare rugs, tapestries, and antique furnishings. A working farm called the "Village" with eleven outbuildings was also located on the estate. These buildings were designed to look like an Italian village by Hoffman to compliment the architecture of the house. The Village included barns, stables, chicken houses, mechanical shops, housing for the staff, and the gate lodge making it nearly self-sufficient. A pumphouse provided water for the flower and vegetable gardens, groves for citrus, pineapple, and other fruits, greenhouses, and a large shade house for delicate plants grown at the Village to supply the mansion.

The estate, mansion, and its interiors were celebrated in magazines of the time. Deering occupied the house for four months each winter season beginning at Christmas in 1916.The whole complex was created for entertaining and recreation and Deering frequently invited family, visitors, and houseguests to the enjoy his estate. After Deering's death in 1925, the estate passed to his brother's children. Some of the acreage was sold off, and in 1952 Dade County purchased the remaining land and house. With donations of art and furniture from the family, the Vizcaya estate, became a decorative arts museum operated by Dade County Park and Recreation Department. The property, including the house, gardens, hammock forest, and Vizcaya Village, was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1994.

Other notable artists who contributed to the house and grounds were: Alexander Stirling Calder (1870-1945), Gaston Lachaise (1882-1935), Robert Chanler (1872-1930), Charles Gary Rumsey (1879-1922), Ettore Pellagatta (1881-1966), Paul Thevenez (1891-1921), and Samuel Yellin (1885-1940).

Persons associated include: James Deering (former owner), F. Burrall Hoffman, Jr. (architect), Paul Chalfin (architect of interiors), Diego Suarez (landscape architect), and Alexander Stirling Calder (sculptor), and Metro Dade County Park & Recreation Department (owner).

National Register of Historic Places, Vizcaya, Miami, Dade County, Florida, National Register #70000181.
Postcards circa 1915-1930.
Varying Form:
Also known as Villa Vizcaya, Vizcaya Palace, Vizcaya Museum and Gardens, and the James Deering Estate.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Seaside gardening  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File FL083
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / Florida
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1329

Transgender Tapestry (Massachusetts)

Series Collector:
Archives Center, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Series Donor:
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Becker, John M.  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Heritage of Pride (HOP)  Search this
Rohrbaugh, Richard  Search this
Series Creator:
Hirsch, Leonard  Search this
Guest, Barbara  Search this
Barna, Joseph T.  Search this
Guest, Michael E.  Search this
Container:
Box 9, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
2008
Series Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection / Series 1: Periodicals
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1146-ref268

Meet the Artist: Enrico David - Hirshhorn Museum

Creator:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2019-07-24T18:37:07.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Art, modern  Search this
See more by:
hirshhornmuseum
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
YouTube Channel:
hirshhornmuseum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_d80lchBTpkE

A Tour of Puppis A

Creator:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2014-09-19T05:39:45.000Z
YouTube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
Topic:
Astronomy  Search this
See more by:
cxcpub
Data Source:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory
YouTube Channel:
cxcpub
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_GQV8I_p8wIk

Design Talks | New Frontiers of Finnish Design

Creator:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2016-04-01T00:16:59.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Design  Search this
See more by:
cooperhewitt
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
YouTube Channel:
cooperhewitt
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_RJ5DpqqrQNI

Design Dictionary: Tapestry Weaving

Creator:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2014-06-17T13:07:39.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Design  Search this
See more by:
cooperhewitt
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
YouTube Channel:
cooperhewitt
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_m9Vd9z8OUfY

"Mark Adams: Watercolors and a Tapestry" (June 13 - July 6, 1984)

Collection Creator:
James Graham & Sons  Search this
Container:
Box 21, Folder 3-4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1981-1984
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Artwork Files (Boxes 63-71, 94) and some photographic materials (Box 93 and 101) require written permission to access.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
James Graham & Sons records, 1815, 1821, circa 1896-2011, bulk 1950s-1980s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James Graham & Sons records
James Graham & Sons records / Series 2: Exhibition Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-jamegras-ref639

Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney in front of a tapestry

Photographer:
Strelecki, Jean de, Count, 1882-1947  Search this
Strelecki, Jean de, Count, 1882-1947  Search this
Subject:
Whitney, Gertrude Vanderbilt  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
circa 1918
Topic:
Portrait photography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14263
See more items in:
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney papers, 1851-1975, bulk 1888-1942
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_14263

Lucy Lippard, Boulder, Colorado postcard to Kathy Vargas, San Antonio, Texas

Creator:
Lippard, Lucy R., 1937-  Search this
Vargas, Kathy, 1950-  Search this
Lippard, Lucy R., 1937-  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1988 May 24
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)19847
See more items in:
Kathy Vargas papers, circa 1965-2016
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_19847
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  • View Lucy Lippard, Boulder, Colorado postcard to Kathy Vargas, San Antonio, Texas digital asset number 1
Online Media:

Installation view of the Sixth annual arts and crafts exhibition at the National Arts Club

Photographer:
Carter, E. K.  Search this
Carter, E. K.  Search this
Subject:
National Arts Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1912 Dec.
Topic:
Decorative arts  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11758
See more items in:
National Arts Club records, 1898-1960
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_11758
Online Media:

Installation view of the Sixth annual exhibition of arts and crafts at the National Arts Club

Photographer:
Carter, E. K.  Search this
Carter, E. K.  Search this
Subject:
National Arts Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
between 1912 Dec. 4 and 1912 Dec. 28
Topic:
Arts and crafts  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)12830
See more items in:
National Arts Club records, 1898-1960
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_12830
Online Media:

Tapestry design

Creator:
Sanchez, Emilio, 1921-1999  Search this
Sanchez, Emilio, 1921-1999  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Date:
1944
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)20823
See more items in:
Emilio Sanchez papers, 1922-2012
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_20823
Online Media:

Diagram for Fourth National Bank and Trust Commission tapestry

Creator:
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Date:
circa 1975
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)22431
See more items in:
Gloria Ross papers, circa 1924-1998
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_22431

Maquette for Fourth National Bank and Trust tapestry commission

Creator:
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Date:
circa 1975
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)22432
See more items in:
Gloria Ross papers, circa 1924-1998
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_22432

Diagram of weaving sample for Fourth National Bank and Trust tapestry commission

Creator:
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Date:
1974
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)22434
See more items in:
Gloria Ross papers, circa 1924-1998
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_22434

Dwight Button letter to Helen Frankenthaler with Fourth National Bank and Trust Company newsletter

Creator:
Button, Dwight  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Button, Dwight  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1976 March 2
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)22436
See more items in:
Gloria Ross papers, circa 1924-1998
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_22436
Online Media:

American Craftsmen exhibition catalog

Creator:
Dept. of Art and the Illini Union at the Univ. of Illinois  Search this
Dept. of Art and the Illini Union at the Univ. of Illinois  Search this
Subject:
Lee, Eva  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Date:
1955
Topic:
Arts and crafts  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Metal-work  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Tapestry  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)256
See more items in:
Michael Higgins papers, 1949-1973
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_256
Online Media:

Sheva Ausubel

Photographer:
Pollard, Aubrey  Search this
Pollard, Aubrey  Search this
Subject:
Ausubel, Sheva  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
New York, N.Y.
Date:
1938 July 19
Topic:
Art and state  Search this
Artists at or with their work  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Fiber art  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)1945
See more items in:
Federal Art Project, Photographic Division collection, circa 1920-1965, bulk 1935-1942
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_1945
Online Media:

Tapestry story

Creator:
Berensohn, Paulus, 1933-2017  Search this
Berensohn, Paulus, 1933-2017  Search this
Type:
Sound Recording
Date:
1984 November 10
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)21651
See more items in:
Paulus Berensohn papers, circa 1950-2017, bulk 1976-2010
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_21651

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